125 years ago today - Thursday, Jun 6, 1895

[Apostle John Henry Smith]

Salt Lake City

Prest. W. Woodruff, Jos. F. Smith, Lorenzo Snow, Franklin D. Richards, Brigham Young, Abraham H. Cannon, and I met at the Temple and had prayers and talked over some business matters. Nathan Tanner, Jr. had written an insulting letter to the first Presidency of the Church. It was agreed that the matter should be refered to the Bishop of his ward to pass upon and if he did not make reperation to be delt with for his fellowship.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

180 years ago today - Jun 6, 1840

[Joseph Smith]

The first British converts arrive at Nauvoo.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Jun 6, 1835

Painesville Telegraph prints of court case against Joseph Smith for beating Calvin Stoddard (his brother-in-law).

[Mormon Chronology, N. R. Tidd, http://www.exmormon.org/mhistory.html]

25 years ago today - Jun 5, 1995

[Hugh W. Nibley]

"I wrote the priesthood manual for 1957, you know, 'An approach to the Book of Mormon.' Well, there was a reading committee on it. Adam S. Bennion was the head of the committee. . . . The reading committee wiped out every lesson in that book. Now this is one thing which I'm greatly obliged to President McKay. They kicked out every lesson in the book. They said it was way over peoples's heads. And every time, president McKay overruled them. The book is exactly as i wrote it. They wanted to make hundreds of changes and get rid of the the whole thing entirely, and President McKay said, "No. If it is beyond their reach, let them reach for it." Adam S. Bennion said "It's over their heads." And President McKay said "Let them reach for it." Now there's a great man. I liked that.'

[Prince, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism, by Greg Prince at 160, Interview, Hugh W. Nibley, June 5, 1995.]

50 years ago today - Jun 05, 1970

The Church sends six thousand pounds of supplies to earthquake victims in Peru.

60 years ago today - Jun 5, 1960

First counselor J. Reuben Clark writes, "Sec'y [Ezra Taft] Benson's policies have about extinguished the small farmer and small cattleman." Benson has been Secretary of Agriculture in the Eisenhower administration.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Jun 5, 1885

DESERET NEWS editorial says that any seeking to use D&C 124:49 as precedent for discontinuing polygamy were moral weaklings and needed "a ramrod fastened parallel with their spinal column." Five years later First Counselor George Q. Cannon quotes D&C 124:49 in conference when presenting the manifesto (discontinuing polygamy) to the congregation.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

150 years ago today - Jun 5, 1870

Presidt Young spoke 46 Minuts. He said when any man was Called at the Head of a New Dispensation his Blood was shed to seal his Testimony. Then his Testament was in force the same as with Jesus on the Cross Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail, his Testiment has been more in force since his death than before.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jun 5, 1855

[Wilford Woodruff]

5th I planted Potatoes, corn, squashes, pumpkins &c on the ground whare the grass hoppers had eat up my wheat.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - 5, Jun 12, 1830

Palmyra (NY) Reflector, 3rd ser., 5, 12 June 1830, 36-37

-1. And it came to pass in the latter days, that wickedness did much abound in the land, and the "Idle and slothful said one to another, let us send for Walters the Magician, who has strange books, and deals with familiar spirits; peradventure he will inform us where the Nephites, hid their treasure, so be it, that we and out vagabond van, do not perish for lack of sustenance.

-2. Now Walters, the Magician, was a man unseemly to look upon, and to profound ignorance added the most consummate impudence,-he obeyed the summons of the idle and slothful, and produced an old book in an unknown tongue, (Cicero's Orations in latin,) from whence he read in the presence of the Idle and Slothful strange stories of hidden treasures and of the spirit who had the custody thereof.

-3. And the Idle and Slothful paid tribute unto the Magician, and besought him saying, Oh! thou who art wise above all men, and can interpret the book that no man understandeth, and can discover hidden things by the power of thy enchantments, lead us, we pray thee to the place where the Nephites buried their treasure, and give us power over "the spirit," and we will be thy servants forever.

-4. And the Magician led the rabble into a dark grove, in a place called Manchester, where after drawing a Magic circle, with a rusty sword, and collecting his motley crew of latter-demallions, within the centre, he sacrificed a Cock (a bird sacred to Minerva) for the purpose of propiciating the prince of spirits.

-5. All things being ready, the Idle and Slothful fell to work with a zeal deserving a better cause, and many a live long night was spent in digging for "the root of all evil."

-6. Howbeit, owing to the wickedness and hardness of their hearts, these credulous and ignorant knaves, were always disappointed, till finally, their hopes, although frequently on the eve of consummation-like that of [t]he hypocrite perished, and their hearts became faint within them.

-7. And it came to pass, that when the Idle and Slothful became weary of their nightly labors, they said one to another, lo! this imp of the Devil, hath deceived us, let us no more of him, or peradventure, ourselves, our wives, and our little ones, will become chargeable on the town.

-8. Now when Walters the Magician heard these things, he was sorely grieved, and said unto himself, lo! mine occupation is gone, even these ignorant vagabonds, the idle and slothful detect mine impostures. I will away and hide myself, lest the strong arm of the law should bring me to justice.

-9. And he took his book, and his rusty sword, and his magic stone, and his stuffed Toad, and all his implements of witchcraft and retired to the mountains near Great Sodus Bay, where he holds communion with the Devil, even unto this day.

10. Now the rest of the acts of the magician, how his mantle fell upon the prophet Jo. Smith Jun. and how Jo. made a league with the spirit, who afterwards turned out to be an angel, and how he obtained the "Gold Bible," Spectacles, and breast plate-will they not be faithfully recorded in the book of Pukei?

[Larry E. Morris, I Should Have an Eye Single to the Glory of God: Joseph Smith's Account of the Angel and the Plates]

55 years ago today - Jun 4, 1965

[David O. McKay]

President [Hugh B.] Brown reported that at the Council Meeting in the Temple yesterday, Brother [Harold B.] Lee, who is head of the Garment Committee, had raised a question about authorizing ZCMI to mark Munsingwear and other union suits as Temple Garments, which practice they have been following for some time. It was the sentiment of the Garment Committee that inasmuch as the distribution of Temple Garments has been turned over to the Relief Society[,] anyone desiring to use union suits or underwear other than the authorized pattern garment should take this underwear to the Relief Society for marking, or should mark it themselves. I agreed with this sentiment.

[David O. McKay diary, quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

120 years ago today - Monday, Jun 4, 1900

[Apostle John Henry Smith]

I had a peculiar dream this morning. I dreamed that I was standing in front of some building where some kind of a meeting was being held. A tall dark complexioned man Picked my pocket, taking my watch. I captured him and gave him a very severe choking and recovered what he had taken.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

135 years ago today - Jun 4, 1885

First Presidency and Apostles meet while "a number of the brethren stood guard outside. . . . It was decided we would form a colony in Old Mexico by unanimous vote of those present . . " This is during time of severe prosecutions for violations of anti-polygamy laws by U.S. officials.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Jun 4, 1885 (Thursday)

Elder John P. Ibsen was brought on board the steamer Milo, at Copenhagen, Denmark, by the police-officers, having been banished from the country for preaching the gospel.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - Jun 4, 1860

4 We obtained the mail to day. I learned that Dr Hickman Brother to Wm. Hickman was shot dead through the Head at Pikes Peak.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jun 4, 1845

[Nauvoo Neighbor]

... Reprinted Story: "The Mormons" - Kentucky Legislature -- The Frankfort Common-- -- Describes a special session of the Kentucky Legislature designed to set aside land for the Mormons to reside in.

- Reprinted Story: "A New Species of Lynching" - The Whistling and Whittling Brigade -- Phi. Dollar Newspaper -- Announces the Mormon's new way to rid their town of undesirables. ...

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

175 years ago today - Jun 4, 1845

Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball learn that Warren Snow and Dominicus Carter have been jailed in Quincy, Illinois, for passing counterfeit money. Bishop Joseph L. Heywood confirms that they are guilty. In Utah Snow would become a bishop and Carter a member of a stake presidency.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Jun 3, 1935

In your letter of June 1 you ask whether or not the Church has changed its attitude towards the playing of cards.

In reply will say that there has been no change and the advice given by President Smith, to which you refer, has been reiterated by myself and others of the General Authorities from time to time.

Card-playing is a waste of time and frequently leads to quarreling and cheating, and sometimes worse evils.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Anna Brown, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Jun 3, 1900

[Heber J. Grant]

After meeting, Brother [Frank Y.] Taylor and I drove to South Cottonwood where we met Bishop Rawlins and I requested that he do not issue a recommend to a brother whose name I have now forgotten, who is about to move to Canada. This man recently married a young lady from the Tirteenth [sic] Ward, and he promised before going to secure an obligation which was owing a young lady also of the Thirteenth Ward, and to whom he had been engaged. Learning that he was going to Canada without making good his promise I felt that he was unworthy of a recommend and that his promise should be fulfilled before he was allowed to secure a recommend.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Jun 3, 1895

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]

I spoke 75 minutes upon rebaptism, Statehood and woman suffrage.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Jun 3, 1890

First Presidency sets apart John Hafen, Lorus Pratt, and John B. Fairbanks as "art missionaries" to study in France in order to paint murals in interior of Salt Lake temple. They reach Paris on Jul 24. They are joined by Edwin Evans and Herman H. Haag. Enrolled in Julian Acadamy, the art missionaries return to Salt Lake City in 1892 and complete the temple murals. They are not first formally trained Mormon artists, because C. C. A. Christensen (b. 1831) and Danquart A. Weggeland (b. 1827) borh trained at Royal Academy of Art in Copenhagen. Contemporary with these art missionaries are three Julian Academy sculptors of Mormon background. Brigham Young's grandson Mahonri M. Young wins silver medal at Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915, creates statue of Brigham Young in U. S. Capitol, and sculpts Salt Lake Temple Square monuments to Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, and Miracle of the Seagulls. Cyrus E. Dallin wins gold medal at Panama Exposition and sculpts Angel Moroni statue atop Salt Lake temple and also creates pioneer monument. Least identified with his Mormon parentage of the three, Gutzon Borglum designs and sculpts Mt. Rushmore National Memorial.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Jun 3, 1855 (Evening)

Joseph prophesied that Lyman Johnson would go into the kingdom of heaven, but he has got to go to hell first, burn out and then come out. A man has got to go down, just as far as he had light.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jun 3, 1855 (Morning)

[Brigham Young]

In my fullest belief, it was the design of the Lord that Adam should partake of the forbidden fruit, and I believe that Adam knew all about it before he came to this earth. I believe there was no other way leading to thrones and dominions only for him to transgress

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Jun 3, 1840

[Wilford Woodruff]

A notable miracle was wrought by faith & the power of God in the person of Sister Mary Pitt at Dymok. She had been Confined 6 years to her bed, with the spine which mostly deprived her of the use of her feet & ancles, & had not walked for 11 years ownly with the use of crutches. Elders Young Richards & Woodruff lade hands upon her & rebuked her infirmity & her ancle bones received strength & she now walks without the aid of crutch or staff.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Jun 2, 1880

Br Joseph Young Senr. Said he was going to lay the subject of taking the Seventies and ordaining them High Priests before the Twelve. He wished to report to them the language of Brother Brigham and of Joseph the Prophet. He (Joseph) said, You could not take a Seventy and make a High Priest of him. He referred to the case of Gladden Bishop, who was ordained from a Seventy to a High Priest by Hyrum his brother and he Br Hyrum received a severe rebuke for taking such an unwarrantable [sic] course. Said also that Brother Brigham was asked on one occasion whether he should take an Apostle and ordain him an High Priest? He answered that no reason for it. He referred to many things that were [told] him by Brigham and the Prophet Joseph Smith against the ranks of these Quorums being broken up; whose ordinations were placed upon them as special witnesses and travelling ministers to the nations of the earth and against making them local officers.

[Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 1: Minutes of the Seventies, 1837-1933, Excerpts]

160 years ago today - Jun 2, 1860

In the evening Pres[ident] Joseph Young came in and had some conversation with the President [Brigham Young] upon the Science of music. The President [said] a great deal of the music now played by the world have been composed to play at whore houses, and as the virtues of Nations declined the music sinks with it. he also remarked the music compositors of the present day introduce as much discord as possible into their compositions, without actually destroying the rules of music. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jun 2, 1850

President Young recommended this method and for brethren to try their difficulties first in the church and not go to law until a man will not abide the decision of the church tribunals. -- Salt Lake City

[On the Mormon Frontier, the Diaries of Hosea Stout. Juanita Brooks, ed. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1964. 2:370, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

190 years ago today - Jun 2, 1830

[Newspaper story]

"New Bible--A fellow by the name of Joseph Smith, who resides in the upper part of Susquehanna county, has been, for the last two years we are told, employed in dictating, as he says, by inspiration, a new Bible. He pretended that he had been entrusted by God with a golden bible which had been always hidden from the world. Smith would put his face into a hat in which he had a white stone, and pretend to read from it, while his coadjutor transcribed. The book purports to give an account of the "ten tribes" and strange as it may seem, there are some who have full faith in his divine commission. The book, it seems is now published."

[Cincinnati Advertiser, Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

40 years ago today - Jun 1, 1980

Apostle Bruce R. McConkie preaches at BYU against "Seven Deadly Heresies." First heresy: "There are those who say God is progressing in knowledge and is learning new truths." Second heresy is organic evolution. Fifth heresy; "There are those who say that there is progression from one kingdom to another in the eternal worlds." Sixth "Deadly Heresy" is the Adam-God doctrine preached by Brigham Young. McConkie says those who have been through the temple who believe the Adam-God doctrine "do not deserve to be saved."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

70 years ago today - Jun 1, 1950

[George Albert Smith]

while in Washington, he meets with a Sister from Mesa, Arizona, who feels "that she was to be the mother of the Holy Ghost; that the Holy Ghost was to receive a mortal body and that she, as Mary of old, the mother of Jesus, had been selected to be the mother of the Holy Ghost."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

70 years ago today - Jun 1, 1950

President George Albert Smith dedicated a statue of Brigham Young at the nation's Capitol.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

160 years ago today - Jun 1, 1860

1860 Census lists 29 slaves in Utah,

[http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/Chronology-Pertaining-to-Blacks-and-the-LDS-Church]

175 years ago today - Jun 1, 1845

An official "clarification" appears in the TIMES AND SEASONS defining William Smith's position as Patriarch TO the Church, not OVER the Church, an obvious restriction. William sees this as yet another attempt to undermine his position.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jun 1, 1845

[Brigham Young Sermon]

I believe that Ghosts will haunt them [murders of Joseph & Hyrum], but Joseph will not take the pains to their haunt them in his visions and dreams, but he will send some of the meanest spirits in the eternal world.

[Leonard J. Arrington Papers, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

190 years ago today - between 1 June and Jun 9, 1830

In Fayette, New York, Smith drafts the "Articles and Covenants of the church of Christ". Both Smith and Oliver Cowdery are described as "an apostle of Jesus Christ, an elder of this church". In the earliest possible reference to Smith's First Vision, it says that "after that it truly was manifested unto this first elder, that he had received a remission of his sins, he was entangled again in the vanities of the world; [b]ut after truly repenting, God ministered unto him by an holy angel...." The document refers to the new office of deacon.

[Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

190 years ago today - Jun 1, 1830

The first proselytizing mission is conceived and is to be directed toward native Americans. The PALMYRA REFLECTOR calls Oliver Cowdery "the apostle to the NEPHITES." Cowdery and others of the "Lamanite mission" leave New York Oct. 1830 and preach to the Catteragus tribe in New York, the Wyandot tribe in Ohio, the Shawnee tribe in Missouri, and the Delaware tribe in what is now Kansas. Instead of native Americans, the most prominent converts of this 1830-1831 mission are Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, and Newel K. Whitney.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Jun 1, 1830

The Church held its first Conference, in Fayette, Seneca County, New York.

[Richards, Franklin Dewey and Little, James A., Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306, http://www.amazon.com/Compendium-Doctrines-Gospel-ebook/dp/B002LTY4Z0?ie=UTF8tag=mormonchronic-20link_code=btlcamp=213689creative=392969]

70 years ago today - May 31, 1950

[David O. McKay]

At the office at 7 a.m.'Busy with office affairs until 9 a.m., at which time I met with Brother Stephen L. Richards who has been appointed a member of a committee to study a plan for Priesthood insurance. I told Brother Richards that I would call Brother Virgil Smith of the Beneficial Life Insurance Company who I am sure, will be able to give some valuable advice regarding this matter. I later reached Brother Smith by telephone and asked him if he would meet with Brother Stephen L. Richards. I explained to him that for twenty or twenty-five years we have been trying to work out some plan for Priesthood insurance for the Quorums of the Church; that the Council of the First Presidency and the Twelve the other day approved of a committee's working a plan out, and approved of the committee's getting such help as will be necessary to get it on a sound basis. I told him, also, that Brother Stephen L. Richards had met with me this morning on it, and said that he would appreciate very much receiving his advice regarding it. Brother Smith said that he would be very happy to render whatever help he could, and that he would get in touch with Brother Stephen L. Richards immediately.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

85 years ago today - May 31, 1935

Dr. George W. Middleton and Heber Sears ask 'the opinion of the Church regarding sterilization of criminals, incompetents, etc." Heber J. Grant replies that "the Church had taken no stand whatever on this matter up to date."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - May 31, 1900

In a meeting of the Twelve Apostles it is decided that Apostle Reed Smoot should try for a seat on the Republican National Committee.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - May 31, 1900; Thursday

Brother [Heber J.] Grant reported that in visiting the Granite [Utah] Stake it was evident to him that Bishop Apollos Driggs was not a fit man to preside over the Sugar House Ward. He found that he had paid five dollars tithing last year and his clerk ten cents, and for several years previous Brother Driggs had paid no tithing at all. It looks on the face of it that by himself and clerk paying a little tithing they realized that they would escape being put on the list of non-tithe payers. ... Brother Grant stated that he had decided in his mind that Brother Driggs should be asked for his resignation ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

145 years ago today - May 31, 1875

[Wilford Woodruff]

During the Evening My Brother Azmon Woodruff & his wife Elizabeth Pierce Woodruff arived at my house. I should not have been much more surprised if an Angel from Heaven had Called upon me. It had been 38 years since we had met before.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 31, 1845, Saturday

[William Clayton]

[Regarding the trail of the murders of Joseph & Hyrum Smith] From the testimony of brother Watt it appears the Judge Young is favorable to the mobocrats and manifests a disposition to acquit the murderers rather than bring them to justice. Calvin A. Warren also said if the prisoners were guilty of murder he himself was guilty, alleging that it was the public opinion that the Smiths ought to be killed, and public opinions make laws, and consequently it was not murder to kill the Smiths. Esqr. Browing also railed hard against the saints. In fact the whole proceedings of the court is nothing more than a farce, and it is evident there is no disposition on the part of the people to avenge the blood of the servents of God and it will yet be left for God himself to do it, in his own time and in his own way.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

185 years ago today - May 31, 1835

[Patriarchal Blessing of George A. Smith given by John Smith]

... thou shalt be a mighty man in the earth, even like unto Alma of old, who by faith caused prison walls to fall to the ground, that they could not hold him, and like Ammon who by the power of his words caused Kings to fall prostrate before him, and even the man who raised his sword to slay him fell dead at his feet; thou shalt preach before the wise and the learned even kings and rulers, many shall bow down before you, and some will even worship you, if you do not tell them better; thou shalt be an instrument in the hands of the Lord, in bringing thousands to the knowledge of the truth and lead them to Zion; you shall do mighty miracles in the name of the Lord, to the astonishment of all who are about you; ... Angels shall minister unto you and console you in time of trouble;

... if you desire it, you shall see the winding up scene when the Heavens shall be unveiled, and you shall see the the face of the Lord and fly to meet him in the cloud; and from this hour your mind shall begin to expand and continue so to do, until you shall comprehend all things; you shall also be healed of all thy bodily infirmities ...

[Early Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:143-144, quoted in Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

45 years ago today - May 30, 1975

Maxine Conder is the second woman in U.S. Navy history to be promoted to admiral. In her biographical sketch for 'Who's Who in America,' Admiral Conder writes: "I am eternally grateful for my Mormon heritage."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - May 30, 1950

[George Albert Smith]

I learned this evening that there has been a good deal of difficulty over the Brigham Young Monument dedication services. ... [political maneuvering over which senator should receive the monument is described] ... I am fearful that there was some politics involved in the matter but feel very keenly the fact that on such a sacred occasion such as the dedication of the monument to Brigham Young that any of the people from Utah would stoop to playing politics over such an event. ... Senator Watkins came up to the room after I had gone to bed and visited with Arthur and Emily and talked about the difficulty over the dedication. He is quite embarrassed and disturbed because the announcement was given to all the newspapers and was printed in papers over the country, particularly in Utah, indicating that he will receive the monument on behalf of the Senate and is at a loss to know just what he should do. I am very much disturbed over the situation.

[George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - May 30, 1915

William Paul Daniels is the first black African to join the LDS church. An Elder in the Dutch Reformed Church of South Aftrica, he accepts baptism in Salt Lake City without opportunity for the LDS priesthood. He returns to Cape Town where he dies in 1936. Exactly sixty-five years after his baptism, Daniels receives his temple endowment by proxy.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - May 30, 1890

Apostle Lorenzo Snow tells a meeting of the apostles, "I have thought of the necessity of establishing a mission in Jerusalem and to have a colony established there who should water their lands from the river Jordan."

Heber J. Grant also tells apostles that "he had never had an inspired dream in his life and that although he had always desired to see his father in a dream or vision that he had never been allowed to enjoy this great privilege." Decades later as church president, Grant often speaks publicly of an 1883 manifestation where he saw and heard a heavenly council meeting of his deceased father with Jesus Christ and Joseph Smith. However, he first describes this experience to other apostles as simply "the whisperings of the spirit to him" that he was called as an apostle because of such a meeting.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - May 30, 1890

[John W. Taylor:] I have seen the power of God in vision. I have seen the Prophet Joseph [Smith] also Brother Brigham Young and my own father [i.e., John Taylor] since his death. I almost fear when I stop to think that I have seen the Lord Jesus Christ, knowing as I do that others who have similar manifestations have fallen away from the truth, and I am fearful lest Ifall. ...

Bro[ther] Jno. [John] H[enry]. Smith said last U[nited]. O[rder]. resembled communism too much, though present system of Cooperations would unite the people, perhaps better. I could not agree with him but said nothing. There is too much time given, to Cooperations, stocks, bonds, politics etc by leaders to please me. We are in all kinds of business interests, even the members of the Twelve represent businesses which are jealous of each other and almost readyto fight each other.

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - May 30, 1845

Nearly a year after the martyrdom of the Prophet Joseph Smith and Patriarch Hyrum Smith, the nine defendants charged with the murder of Joseph and Hyrum are acquitted.

180 years ago today - May 30, 1840

[Wilford Woodruff]

Yes glory Hallelujah I have now got a letter from Phebe. It is the first letter I have received from her since I have been in England. Her letter contained much intelligence of Interest. She informed me she was blessed with the birth of a Son, on the morn of the 22 of March 1840 at 6 oclock. His Name is WILLFORD WOODRUFF Jr. May he be preserved blameless unto the comeing of the Lord Jesus Christ for which I will ever Pray.

One letter was from Elder Brigham Young at Manchester informing us that the first No of the Millenial Star was out of press & that the Hymn Book & Book of Mormon would soon be in tipe. One letter was from Sister Richards, & one from Elder Whitehead & their was so much glorious news in thes letters that it drove sleep from our eyes for the night & I felt more like going out into the street & shouting glory Hallelujah than any thing els. <Elder Turley is> out <of prison.>

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - May 26, 1835

[Martin Harris]

to be the first individual to receive an inheritance in Zion

[Martin Harris Chronology, Michael Marquardt, Sunstone Symposium 2016]

45 years ago today - May 29, 1975-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]

In our executives meeting this morning Elder [Joseph] Anderson told a story with respect to one of the sermons delivered by J. Golden Kimball. He did not remember the year, but it must have been in the 1930s. In the sermon for some reason Elder Kimball got after the farmers in Idaho. He made all kinds of statements holding them up to ridicule-they didn't have enough sense to pound sand into a rat hole, etc. This was a general conference sermon. President [Heber J.] Grant felt that it was offensive to Idaho farmers and arose and excoriated Elder Kimball-got after him in the strongest language. Brother Anderson took verbatim minutes of the talk and sent it to Elder Kimball for his corrections. Elder Kimball greatly laundered the talk to eliminate the offensive references. When it came in Elder Anderson said to President Grant, "What shall we do? His talk as it is submitted for publication will be quite mild and will make your own remarks seem to be far too strong." President Grant said, "The answer to that is simple. You go to Brother Kimball"-President Grant loved Brother Kimball"and tell him that we will either publish his talk as originally given plus my comments as originally given or we will leave them both out." When Brother Anderson went to Brother Kimball he said, "Well, I guess the best thing, Joseph, is to leave both out," so that was a general conference proceeding which was completely eliminated.



Maybe we could have someone go through the general conference proceedings and find out what year and then look in the Salt Lake Tribune for its summary of Brother Kimball's talk. [[See Joseph Geisner, "Very Careless in His Utterances: Editing, Correcting, and Censoring Conference Addresses," Sunstone, Dec. 2011.]]

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

130 years ago today - May 29, 1890

[Heber J. Grant]

[Apostles meeting called by Lorenzo Snow to achieve perfect unity.] Moses Thatcher felt that it was a good thing to be here. He felt that the Lord was with us. I have been filled with solemn thoughts since Pres[iden]t Snow was moved upon to call us together. The hope of our becoming one has given me more joy than anything I can think of. If we can become as one it will be a glorious thing. The First Presidency are one and if we can become one and then become one with the First Presidency it will be the beginning of the establishment of the Kingdom of God, preparatory for the coming of our Lord and Master Jesus Christ ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - May 29, 1890

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Pres[ident] L[orenzo]. Snow & others of the Twelve met at the Historians office upper room at 10 a.m. We came together fasting and enjoyed the holy Spirit. Pres[iden]t Snow said 'You brethren will live to behold the savior, You shall not die death shall have no power over you. You have the great work to perform. You were called and ordained to it in an other sphere. Be faithful and you shall never taste death.'

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

145 years ago today - May 29, 1875

Missionary and future apostle John Henry Smith writes of arriving in Berlin: "took a Cab and went to the Hotel D'Angleterre, took rooms, washed and took Table D'Hote. There was 13 courses. Cousin J[oseph] F. S[mith] & I drank Clarret. . . . One thing is very evident here, and that is military rule, troops and Police on every hand, and the people seem afraid of them."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

150 years ago today - May 29, 1870

Brigham Young teaches: "The aborigines of this country are the descendants of this very people whom Jesus visited, to whom he delivered his Gospel, and among whom he organized his Church. They were obedient for over three hundred years, and served God with an undivided heart, after which they began to apostatize."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

150 years ago today - May 29, 1870

... I will commence by satisfying the curiosity of almost everybody that comes here, or with whom our Elders converse when away. A great many men and women have an irrepressible curiosity to know how many wives Brigham Young has. I am now going to gratify that curiosity by saying, ladies and gentlemen, I have sixteen wives. If I have any more hereafter it will be my good luck and the blessing of God. '"How many children have you, President Young?'" I have fortynine living children, and I hope to have a great many more. Now put that down. I impart this information to gratify the curiosity of the curious. '"President Young, did you come here naked and barefoot?'" I will say, very nearly so. '"How many of your wives had shoes to their feet, after leaving every thing you had in the State of Illinois?'" I do not think that more than one or two of my wives had shoes to their feet when we came here. We bought buckskins of the Indians and made moccasins of them. How many of these Elders had whole pantaloons when they reached here? I do not believe a dozen of them had. They had worked in the dead of winter ferrying the people across the river until they had nothing, and they came here naked and barefoot, that is, comparatively. We had to have faith to come here. When we met Mr. Bridger on the Big Sandy River, said he, '"Mr. Young, I would give a thousand dollars if I knew an ear of corn could be ripened in the Great Basin.'" Said I, '"Wait eighteen months and I will show you many of them.'" ...

I have heard some make the broad assertion that every word within the lids of the Bible was the word of God. I have said to them, '"You have never read the Bible, have you?'" '"O, yes, and I believe every word in it is the word of God.'" Well, I believe that the Bible contains the word of God, and the words of good men and the words of bad men; the words of good angels and the words of bad angels and words of the devil; and also the words uttered by the ass when he rebuked the prophet in his madness. I believe the words of the Bible are just what they are. ...

'"Did you not go to school?'" Yes; I went eleven days, that was the extent of my schooling. ....

'"Mr. Young, I suppose that you would obey Joseph Smith, let him tell you to do what he might?'" '"Well, I think I would.'" '"Suppose that he should tell you to kill your neighbor or to steal, or to do this, that or the other, that is wrong, would you do it?'" I would reply, '"Wait till I am told. I have never yet been told from heaven, by Joseph Smith, the Old or New Testament, the Book of Mormon or the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, to do a wrong thing; and I will wait until I am, before I say what I would do; that is time enough.'" ...

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 13:170-178, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 29, 1845

[Anointed Quorum]

"Prayed that the Lord would overrule the movements of [Patriarch to the Church] Win. [William] Smith who is endeavoring to ride the Twelve down; also that the Lord would overrule the proceedings of the mob so that we may dwell in peace until the Temple is finished" .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - May 29, 1840. Friday.

[William Clayton]

Brother Kimball and Young came to Hardman's and sung some and afterwards spake with each other in tongues.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

15 years ago today - May 28, 2005

The Church News reports comments from Elder Marlin Jensen:

"[W]e're working on what I think will be the single most significant historical project of our generation: the Joseph Smith papers. With the help of scholars at the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Church History and our own staff here, we have under way a project that will collect all of the papers of Joseph Smith's lifetime: his journals, his diaries, his correspondence, articles, notices, everything of a written nature that he generated."The result of the 10-to-15-year project, he said, will be a work of up to 35 volumes that will enhance the collective scholarship about the Prophet in that no credible historian will be able "to write about early Church history or Joseph Smith without showing a mastery of this material."

[R. Scott Lloyd, "'Historian by yearning' collects, preserves: Elder Marlin K. Jensen is historian/recorder," Church News, May 28, 2005, Z12, quoted in Joseph Smith Papers Timeline: History of the Joseph Smith Papers Project, MormonWasp Blog (defunct)]

95 years ago today - May 28, 1925

[Heber J. Grant]

At 6:30 this morning I met Elder Reed Smoot. He has just returned from Los Angeles with Bishop Nibley. I told Reed that I had decided to select Brother [Charles W.] Nibley [not ordained an apostle] as my second counselor, promoting Brother [Anthony] Ivins to First Counselor, succeeding Brother Penrose.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 28, 1860 (Monday)

The Indians attacked the mail station at Deep Creek, Tooele Co., shot a man and stole several horses.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - May 28, 1850

[Nauvoo Temple]

Nauvoo city officials "declared that the southern and eastern walls would soon fall down, and that to avoid any serious accident, it was better to destroy them." The walls were then razed, leaving only the west facade standing.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - May 28, 1845

[Heber C. Kimball]

My wife under tem[p]tation had a dream. Sau [Saw] Evels Spirrits winding strings around hur neck, but I brock them and rent them a sunder, and she was delivered.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - May 28, 1845, Wednesday

On Wednesday the 28th of May the first ``bent'' of the attic story of the [Nauvoo] temple was raised by the carpenters, and up to this time they continued to raise the timber works with pleasing rapidity.

Thus the work of this temple has progressed from the beginning to the present time without any serious accident except in the incident which happened at the stone quarry. The blessing of God has attended the whole progress of the work, and it has advanced beyond our most sanguine expectations. Our enemines have threatened all the time, and for the last two years we have had very little cessation from writs and other efforts of the enemy to prevent our finishing it. Many prophecies have been uttered against it; but the Saints have invariably pursued a steady course of perseverance. As the building has progressed, the Saints have increased their donations and tithings; and this Spring has exceeded all past times for liberality and donations from the brethern.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

190 years ago today - May 28, 1830

The Indian Removal Act was a law passed by Congress during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. It authorized the president to negotiate with the "Five Civilized Tribes" in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands. It paved the way for the reluctant migration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West, an event widely known as the "Trail of Tears," a resettlement of the native population.

[Indian Removal Act]

150 years ago today - May 27, 1870

[Wilford Woodruff]

I spent most of the day drawing a waggon she[et/af?] through my grain to ketch grass hoppers. We caught many bushels but still the Earth was nearly Covered. It seems a vary hard method to save any grain this season on my farm they have Eat my wheat Barley oats & Corn & it looks as though we [will] not raise any thing. But I would rather have a grass hopper war than a gentile war.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 27, 1855

[Wilford Woodruff]

... we found that nearly all the wheat crops & other vegitable were eat up by the grass hoppers through the Territory as far as we went & most of the crops & vegitables in the city gardens were also destroyed..

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 27, 1855

[Brigham Young]

I have asked this people not to sell their grain, but to preserve it to a day of need ...

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 2:279-284, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - May 27, 1850

[Nauvoo Temple]

During 1849-1850 the Icarians had begun to repair the Temple, placing a series of new piers in the basement, planning on refurbishing the building for their use. On this day, as they were working, a tornado suddenly arose and toppled the north wall, leaving the east and south walls severely damaged. The workmen barely escaped with their lives, scrambling out of the ruins in stinging hail, pouring rain, thunder and lightening, all accompanied by violent winds.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - May 27, 1845

Brigham Young receives "a respectful letter from Governor [Thomas] Drew in reply to our Memorial to him as governor of Arkansas; stating his inability to protect us in the state of Arkansas, and suggesting the propriety of our settling in Oregon, California, Nebraska or some other country where we will be out of the reach of our persecutors." Young's "Memorial" to Drew, sent May 1, asked, "Will it be too much to ask you to convene a special session of your State Legislature, and furnish us an asylum where we can enjoy our rights of conscience and religion unmolested?"

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - May 27, 1840

In England, Parley P. Pratt issues the first number of The Latter-day Saints' Millennial Star, which would become the longest-running publication in the Church (1840–1970).

75 years ago today - May 26, 1945

"When our leaders speak, the thinking has been done. When they propose a plan — it is God's plan. When they point the way, there is no other which is safe. When they give direction, it should mark the end of controversy. God works in no other way."

[ Ward Teachers Message, Desert News, Church Section, p. 5]

105 years ago today - May 26, 1915

[Letter to Joseph F. Smith]

...The anti-Mormon crusade in the East is still somewhat active, and resolutions are passed occasionally urging congressional action, particularly for an anti-polygamy amendment to the Constitution, with a caution not to include in it a general regulation of the marriage question, but to confine it to the 'crime' of polygamy. This does however appear to create very much of a furor. ...

[Anthon H. Lund and Charles W. Penrose, Letter to Joseph F. Smith, Honolulu, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - May 26, 1890

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Appraisers of B[righam]. Y[oung]. Estate met with me at 2 p.m. in parlour. Appraised the estate in one hour. Footed up according to Judge Elias Smith & Jesse Fox Jr. to $595,930.00 These apprisers are perhaps as well posted as any men in the City. This is an increase of something like $440,000.00 since it passed into our hands a little over twelve years ago. If one is not talented he can be honest.

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - May 26, 1890

[Letter to Wilford Woodruff]

The rule has been, for the woman to be Sealed to a man in the Priesthood, and the children Sealed to them, and the former husband be Adopted into the family. And where Such Sealings have taken place heretofore, the matters have been Submitted and [the] former Sealing Cancelled * We do not now Seal women to men out of the Church, but some few cases were done in the Endowment House Sometime Ago. Whatever you may feel pleased to direct in these matters, we will carry out.

[Daniel H. Wells to Wilford Woodruff, quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

170 years ago today - May 26, 1850

[Brigham Young]

Now to the sons of Joseph, the children of Manasseh mixed with a very few of Ephraim - that is a key to the Lamanites - you know they have fallen in every respect in habits custom, flesh, spirit, blood, desire, all is fallen - at the commencement of the work the vision of my mind was open, but my natural disposition and taste it loathes the sight of those degraded Indians - but the Spirit of the Lord shews the state they must come into the Book of Mormon says not many generations will pass away until they become a delightsome people - We have got to do something - sometimes when God curses a man woman or nation - sometimes it comes sudden - sometimes gradual - when they are ripened in iniquity then the Lord will sweep them out of existence ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

185 years ago today - May 26, 1835

W. W. Phelps sends his wife, Sally, the first six printed forms of the Doctrines and Covenants and writes that when Zion is redeemed, Martin Harris will receive the first inheritance, Joseph the second, and W. W. the 16th. Joseph preached a 3 1/2-hour sermon, "and unfolded more mysteries than I can write at this time." [I]f you and I continue faithful to the end, we are certain to be one in the Lord throughout eternity."

[He also writes "They keep the word of wisdom, drink cold water, and don't even mention tea and coffee; they pray night and morning."]

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

190 years ago today - May 26 1830

Congress passes Indian Removal Act, forcing Indians west of Mississippi. Mormons view displacement as "God's work", fulfilling prophecy of a literal gathering.

[Chronology of Mormon History (Mormon Stories), http://www.mormonstories.org/truth-claims/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

45 years ago today - May 25, 1975

At a special early-morning "Adults only" fireside in the Seattle East Stake Apostle Mark E. Petersen states that oral sex in an "abomination." Peterson also tells the congregation, "I've been married to my wife for 44 years, and never once have seen her body uncovered".

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

80 years ago today - May 25, 1940

CHURCH SECTION prints Mrs. Horace Eaton's 1881 account that the prophet's mother Lucy Mack Smith performed various forms of divination, including palmistry. Apostle David O. McKay writes to N. B. Lundwall: "Regarding your proposed new book on "Temples of the Most High", I suggest that you confine your statistics to those which have already been approved by the General Authorities for publicity. Even some already published by the Arizona Temple, by Brother Frank T. Pomeroy, are now withheld from the general public. No statistics should be given out by any of the Temples until the items are first submitted to the First Presidency."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

105 years ago today - May 25, 1915; Saturday

[James E. Talmage]

This evening's issue of the Deseret News contained the official announcement on reverse side of this sheet. This is the outcome of a report which I recently made to the First Presidency

and Twelve, copy of which follows:

Salt Lake City, Utah.

May 11, 1915.

President Joseph F. Smith and Counselors,

City.

Dear Brethren:

I have received an inquiry from the Presiding Bishop's Office relative to the correct or approved spelling of the proper name by which the Higher Priesthood is distinctively designated. Numerous questions relating to the same subject have come to me from unofficial sources. I venture to suggest, inasmuch as uniformity in the matter is greatly to be desired, that a ruling be made as to the approved spelling of the name to be used in our Church literature.

I submit for your consideration the following facts:

In the Old Testament MELCHIZEDEK, and in the New Testament MELCHISEDEC appear.

In literature other than scriptural both the foregoing forms are used with a decided preponderance in favor of the first.

Funk and Wagnalls "Standard Encyclopedia", the Encyclopedia Britannica, Smith's Bible Dictionary, and the Standard Bible Dictionary all give preference to MELCHIZEDEK.

The Century Dictionary adopts the same spelling but gives as an alternative form the New Testament spelling MELCHISEDEC.

The only work of recognized authority examined by me which gives the New Testament form first place is the New Standard Dictionary; and this specifies the more common MELCHIZEDEK as correct.

The Book of Mormon spelling is the same as that in the Old Testament, MELCHIZEDEK.

The Doctrine and Covenants introduces a spelling found nowhere else except in the writings of some of our own people, namely, MELCHISEDEK. Another variant form used only by some of our own writers is MELCHIZEDEC.

From the foregoing it will be seen that the spelling almost universally used by Theologians and writers in general outside of our Church is MELCHIZEDEK; and this is the form given in both the Old Testament and the Book of Mormon.

I respectfully recommend that this last spelling be adopted as the approved form of the name to be used in the publications of the Church.

It is interesting to note that nowhere outside the Doctrine and Covenants, and the writings of our own people is the name used as an adjective. We so use it in speaking of the MELCHIZEDEK PRIESTHOOD. The New Standard Dictionary gives MELCHISEDICIAN and MELCHIZEDEKIAN. as the adjective forms derived from the proper nouns MELCHISEDEC and MELCHIZEDEK. I do not think a departure from our usage in this particular is advisable.

Should you deem it wise to make a ruling as to an approved form of spelling, I respectfully suggest that notice thereof be sent to each of our Church publications, at home and abroad, and, if deemed advisable, that a brief article on the subject be published.

Respectfully your brother in the Gospel,

(Signed)

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

135 years ago today - May 25, 1885 (Monday)

Elders Wiley G. Cragun and Franklin A. Fraughton were mobbed in South Carolina; Fraughton received forty lashes with a whip and Cragun was shot in the chin.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - May 25, 1860

The [Pony] Express arived From Calafornia Bringing a report that Indians have Commenced war upon the whites & have killed sixty men somewhare about the sink of the Carson. They have broaken up the mail Stations on the middle route From Camp Floyd to Carson & have killed some of the men one of the Streep[an/er?] Boys who lived in the 14 ward. The Mail Carriers & Mail is said to have been destroyed. The Express Boy was also shot at who brought word.

The Eastern Express also arived this Morning 5 days From St Joseph's & News 6 days From washington.

President Young got a letter From Capt Hooper saying that the Bills to organize Five New Territories was rejected in the House. The Homestead Bill was killed in the senate. Abram Lincoln of Illinois was nominated By the republican Convention For President & Hannibal Hamblin of Maine For Vice President. The ship Tapscott was Chartered by the Saints in Liverpool to bring 700 Saints to New York. Asa Calkings will Come with them.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 25, 1855

The grasshoppers are doing very much damage to the crops yet there are much wheat which looks well and bids fair for a good crop[.] The people seem to be in good spirits fighting grasshoppers and planting & sowing where the crops are eaten up.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

75 years ago today - May 24, 1945

[Joseph Fielding Smith]

The regular council meeting of the First Presidency and the Apostles was held in the Temple with President Smith presiding. For several years we have held these meetings without the presence of President Grant, only occasionally, and during the past two years scarcely at all.

[Joseph Fielding Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - May 24, 1895

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]

I was told that my talk on statehood would hurt the cause. Riley Huntsman said "it was that same old church influence being used"

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - May 24, 1870

[Wilford Woodruff]

24 I went to the farm & spent the day fighting grass hoppers & choreing.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Saturday, May 24th, 1845

[John Taylor]

... we repaired to the Temple with great secrecy for the purpose of laying the [capstone] corner stone, there were but few that knew about it; the band playing on the walls and the people hearing it, hurried up. About six o'clock A.M., the brethren being assembled, we proceeded to lay the stone; at quarter past six the stone was laid; after which Bro. Young prayed, his voice being heard distinctly, by the congregation below; and the congregation shouted Hossanna, Hossanna, Hossanna to God and the Lamb, Amen, Amen, and Amen. ...

['The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]

175 years ago today - May24, 1845

Sister Young came in & brought a bottle of wine from Sister Clark The president [Brigham Young] gave a toast.- and all responded.-

Wm [William] Smith asked the views of the council about his patriarchal office.- Prest Young said it was his right.-

Wm Smith received his patriarchal blessing by Prest Young.- [Apostle William Smith becomes Patriarch to the Church, even though the previous day, the Twelve had discussed his "improper course" and as "the greatest danger". He is the first Presiding Patriarch ordained by apostolic authority, rather than by patriarchal ordination within the Smith family.]

[Minutes of Quorum of Twelve Apostles, May 24, 1845 [Willard Richards]]

110 years ago today - Monday, May 23, 1910

[John Henry Smith]

We had a most excelent time Watching the [Halley's] Commet and seeing the Eclipse of the moon and eat[ing] Cake, Cream and strawberry[s].

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

115 years ago today - May 23, 1905 (Tuesday)

Elder Junius F. Wells in behalf of the Church purchased the Mack farm, in Sharon, Windsor Co., Vermont, where the Prophet Joseph Smith was born.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

135 years ago today - May 23, 1885 (Saturday)

Elder August Valentine, who labored as a missionary on Bornholm, Denmark, was arrested for preaching the gospel. He was brought to Copenhagen, and there imprisoned for five days, after which he was banished from the country.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - May 23, 1875

[Wilford Woodruff]

We dined at Bishop Hess 6 of us 4 Bishops & 2 Apostles. We Counted up to see how many living Children we 6 men had and we found that we had 147 living Children making it equally divided 24 1/2 each.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 23, 1860

DESERET NEWS editorial: "Murder after murder has been committed with impunity within the precincts of Great Sale Lake City, till such occurrences no not seemingly attract much attention, particularly when the murdered have had the reputation of being thieves and murderers or of associating with such characters from day to day . . ."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - May 23, 1855

[Samuel Richards]

"I attended the High Priests Quorum meeting at which Elder Curtis E. Bolton was tried for taking a woman and getting her pregnant which Bro. Brigham had allowed him to adopt into his family as a daughter. She had been heretofore his wife but during his late mission, she had been married to two other men, and had a child by one of the men who was a California Emigrant. . . . He was disfellowshipped from the Quorum, subject to the revision of Prest. Young when he returned from his southern expedition."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - May 23, 1855

[James Henry Martineau]

Zilpha, wife of Elder G. A. Smith spoke in tongues with great power: also Job P. Hall: and Prest J. C. L. Smith sang in tongues. Prest Smith gave the interpretation of Sister Zilpha's tongue, which was to encourage the missionaries; and warned and reproved the sisters for their non-compliance with the law of celestial marriage, and predicted many things that should come upon them, and the trials shortly to come upon the saints.

[An Uncommon Common Pioneer: The Journals of James Henry Martineau 1828-1918, edited by Donald G. Godfrey XXX Rebecca S. Martineau-McCarty]

175 years ago today - May 23, 1845, Friday

Wm. Smith is coming out in opposition to the Twelve and in favor of [George J.] Adams. The latter has organized a church at Augusta, Iowa Territory with young Joseph Smith [III] for President, Wm. Smith for Patriarch, Jared Carter for President of the stake and himself for spokesman to Joseph. Wm. says he has sealed some women to men and he considers he is not accountable to Brigham nor the Twelve nor any one else. There is more danger from William than from any other source, and I fear his course will bring us much trouble.

...I presented to them a proposition to write a short history of the building of the Temple from its commencement, together with other matters and deposite the history in the corner stone, about to be laid tomorrow. They acquiesced with the plan. ...

all the stone on the outside of the wall was laid, except, the south-east corner stone. This progress was a great rejoicing to the Saints.

The Rigdonites have prophecied that the walls would never be built, but through the blessing of God we have lived to see the predicition come to naught.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

195 years ago today - May 23, 1825

The Lewiston convention publishes "Revelations of Freemasonry" to suppliment William Morgan's expose', focusing on higher order Masonry (America)

[Homer, Michael, 'Similarity of Priesthood in Masonry':The Relationship Between Freemasonry and Mormonism, Dialogue, Vol. 27, No. 3]

45 years ago today - May 22, 1975

Association of Catholic Communications gives "Gabriel" award to LDS church for "Homefront" public-service advertising which soon receives this award almost yearly.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

90 years ago today - May 22, 1930

[Heber J. Grant]

Brother B. H. Roberts called, and we discussed the contents of his new book, telling him of the feeling of the brethren of the Twelve that they could not approve of some parts of it. He was determined not to make any change and finally requested that we drop the matter for the time being, as he was leaving for California to attend a stake conference and did not feel like discussing the matter. I feel very sorry to think that Brother Roberts is determined to put in the book some things that I think are problematical and cannot be demonstrated. Inasmuch as the Church has furnished him a stenographer while he was in New York and since he returned, to compile this book, I think that before it is published we must come to an understanding as to what shall go into it, and we object emphatically to his putting anything in it that the Presidency and Apostles cannot approve.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

95 years ago today - May 22,1925

Deseret News editorializes in favor of new Utah law which legalizes horse racing and pari-mutual betting. Legislature has appointed Brigham F. Grant as chair of Racing Commission. He is manager of Deseret News and brother of church president, Heber J. Grant.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

175 years ago today - May 22, 1845

Brigham Young (aged 43) marriage to Mary Elizabeth Rollins (1818-1910) (aged 26) married to non-Mormon Adam Lightner and plural widow of Joseph Smith, Jr. sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for time; remained living with Lightner

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

185 years ago today - May 22, 1835

[Heber C. Kimball]

"I told him [a baptist preacher] if he did not repent of his sins, and be baptized for the remission of them, he would be damned; which made him mad."

"We then passed on until we came to a pure stream of water, and there cleansed our feet bearing testimony against him, as the Lord commanded."

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

30 years ago today - May 21, 1990

U.S. Supreme Court rules that direct donations to LDS missionaries are not deductible under U.S. tax laws. Therefore, First Presidency advises church members to make their donations directly to church, while earmarking funds for individual missionaries.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

45 years ago today - May 21, 1975

[Ezra Taft Benson]

"I had this bad habit—I guess you call it bad," he explained, "of laying things on the line economically just as hard and cold as I could based on the facts, so they'd register with people, and not giving them a lot of soft soap, try and build up good will immediately."

[Ezra Taft Benson, Oral History, Interviewed by Maclyn Burg, May 21, 1975, 23–24, Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas.; Gary James Bergera, '"Rising above Principle": Ezra Taft Benson as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1953-61, Part 1', Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought (Fall 2008, v 41)]

55 years ago today - May 21, 1965

Priesthood blessings are restored to excommunicated apostle John W. Taylor. His son Raymond Taylor stands proxy as Apostle Joseph Fielding Smith performs the ordinance. His other son Samuel W. Taylor writes: "it is an error to say that my father "apostatized." He never did. He accepted the role of scapegoat for the welfare of the Church, as his reinstatement certifies. And as further evidence, my mother, his third wife, continued to receive her share of his salary as an apostle each month for the remainder of her life. I took the check to the Farmers and Merchants Bank in Provo, with strict orders to deliver it to Brother Olson and nobody else." On the question of reinstatement of Taylor's three post-manifesto plural marriages the decision was "if the Lord should judge Brother Taylor in being justified in his last three marriages, he can adjust it in the realms beyond the grave."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

75 years ago today - May 21, 1945

[Spencer W. Kimball]

[Regarding the reorganization of the First Presidency:] I was impressed especially by the humble, sweet, soul-searching expressions of the Counselors J. Reuben Clark Jr. and David O. McKay who had been in actual leadership of the Church so long and now voluntarily took their places in order of seniority in the Twelve. To see great men weep and shed tears as they evidence love and devotion to their brethren and a Cause is stirring. All spoke including the Patriarch. ...

Pres. Grant had never been to a meeting in the temple since I had been among the authorities.

[Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

75 years ago today - May 21, 1945

Conference sustains George Albert Smith as church president with J. Reuben Clark and David O. McKay as counselors. He is "set apart" (not ordained) by Apostle George F. Richards, who is also a patriarch. Smith is only unmarried man to become LDS church president an only one who has no marital companion during his entire presidency. He remains unmarried widower last fourteen years of his life.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - May 21, 1900; Monday

[Angus M. Cannon]

I spoke to Bro[ther]. [Charles W.] Penrose about an article he wrote for the [Improvement] Era, calling the woman of Endor a witch. I told him Pres[ident]. John Taylor told me in spring of 1855, that the Prophet Joseph [Smith], said that woman was a prophetess of God, who dwelt in seclusion because of the edict of Sam[ue]l. against any one possessing a fermiliar [sic] spirit. Parley P. Pratt, when I mentioned the same thing to him, in fall of 1856, he said she was one of Samuels wives.

[Angus M. Cannon, Diary]

135 years ago today - May 21, 1885 (Thursday)

Elder John P. Ibsen, while preaching the gospel in a private house on Bornholm, Denmark, was arrested and brought to Ronne, where he was tried and imprisoned three days for preaching. Soon afterwards he was sent as a prisoner to Copenhagen.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - May 21, 1860

Brigham Young's office journal comments on a letter sent by the Church to President Buchanan: "This was an interesting letter, it commented upon the prostitution which had always attended monogamy, both in the days of the Romans and in all modern nations; also remarking that the Nations who practiced polygamy were to a far greater extent free from Harlots."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - May 21, 1855

[Wilford Woodruff]

I got an Indian boy of Brother James Bosnel. He was about a doz years of age. His name was Moroni Eliga Bosnel.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 21, 1855

[Brigham Young]

The Seventies are Apostles, differing a little from the Twelve Apostles in their calling. When the Kingdom is organized more fully upon the earth, a Seventy will not be chosen as a Bishop's counselor, a Bishop, or even as a President of a stake.... ... D.B. Huntington at a meeting of the natives last evening cut off your old Indian chief because he would not work, and appointed a young man as chief in his place, that would work and Kenosha has had to come to it at last. Bro. Kenosha said that we chiefs should work, and when they ceased to work, they ceased to be a chief, as Bro. D. said that our chiefs did work.

[General Church Minutes, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 21, 1845

Trial begins in Carthage, Illinois of five men charged with the murder of Joseph Smith. All are acquitted.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]
[Leonard Arrington]



[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

May 20, 1940

[J. Reuben Clark]

Pres McKay: 830 a.m. Talked about the war: found him so pro-ally he is ready to go to war, almost,'probably no so much pro-ally as anti-Hitler. ...

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

130 years ago today - Tuesday, May 20, 1890

[Apostle John Henry Smith]

The morning papers announce that the Supreme Court has decided to confiscate our Church property, Fuller, Lamar & Field Dissenting.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

May 20, 1885

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

20 I receivd 2 letter from Sarah & Mary & wrote 3 Letters to Sarah Newton & Mary. I looked over my sealing record & found I had sealed 1,095 Couple up to Jan 1885. W Woodruff had sealed to him of his dead relatives {336}.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

May 20, 1855

"Elder E[zra] T. Benson exhibited part of an ancient sword which had been dug up about 10 ft. under ground while excavating for a well, which called forth a few remarks from him."

55 years ago today - May 19, 1965

By authorization of First Presidency, ex-apostle John W. Taylor is baptized into LDS church. On May 21 Apostle Joseph Fielding Smith performs proxy ordinance of restoring all priesthood blessings to the deceased apostle.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

105 years ago today - May 19, 1915

President Charles W. Penrose of the First Presidency dedicates the cornerstone of the new Church Office Building (later known as the Church Administration Building) at 45 East South Temple in Salt Lake City, Utah.

120 years ago today - May 19, 1900; Saturday

... Mr. John W. Rigdon, son of the late Sidney Rigdon, called and met President Snow this morning in the Beehive House, and afterwards met Presidents Cannon and Smith in the office. The President reported that he had a very pleasant conversation with Mr. Rigdon who talked freely to him. During the conversation Mr. Rigdon admitted that he once had doubts concerning the authenticity of the Book of Mormon; but after talking with his father on his deathbed those doubts were removed partially, and his investigations and reflections since then had tended fully to confirm in his mind the truthfulness of his father's dying testimony. He, in talking with his father during his last hours said, "Father, you are now an old man, and I want you to tell me if you still believe the Book of Mormon to be what it represents to be, and if Joseph Smith always maintained that it was true and a genuine record?" His father answered in the most solemn manner that it was a true and genuine record, and that Joseph Smith always maintained its genuineness, and that he translated it by the gift and power of God from the gold plates shown to him by the angel. Mr. Rigdon said that for the last six years he had believed the Book of Mormon to be what it represents to be, but he said he was sorry to say his wife and children not only disbelieve it, but regard the Mormons as enemies, that they spoke very harshly of them, and they would sometimes talk against his own father, but which however, they had ceased to do in his presence. He said his father died an unhappy man, but in hopes and assurance of a glorious resurrection.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - May 19, 1890

[Wilford Woodruff]

The Supreme Court of the United States Decided to day Against the Church of Jesus Christ of latter Day Saints. They Decided to Escheat all the Church Property Real & Personal. This is turning the Last that will seal the Condemnation of this Nation.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - May 19, 1890

U.S. Supreme Court upholds the Edmunds-Tucker Act and confiscation of LDS properties ruling that the LDS church had engaged in illegal activities; committee of U.S. Senate recommends disfranchisement bill.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

160 years ago today - May 19, 1860

Brigham Young remarks "while talking over the untimely deaths of Brewer & Johnson, [two men found shot to death two days previously in Salt Lake City] that he was much gratified that the time had come when mormons could not be insulted mobbed and destroyed as they once were." Wilford Woodruff referred to Brewer and Johnson as "both Desperate wicked men."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - May 19, 1850

[Brigham Young]

President Young explained the law of property tithing. He said, suppose a man owes a hundred thousand dollars when he comes into the church. He pays 10,000 which is his property tithing in full. Then suppose that a man takes his family and effects to come on to the church and trades and exchanges on the way and clears 20,000 dollars besides paying his expenses. He then owes 2,000 dollars tithing which is all the property tithing due etc. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 19, 1845

The trial of five men accused of the murder of Joseph Smith begins in Carthage, Illinois. Judge Richard M. Young begins by empanelling a 23-man Grand Jury which contains nine Mormons including the foreman Daniel Spencer. He then empanels two "petit juries" of 24 men each. The first contains ten Mormons and the second eleven. Upon defense motion the juries are discharged and new juries chosen from men present at the trial. Since Mormon leaders instructed them to keep away from the trial there are only four Mormons among the 96 potential jurors and no Mormons on the final twelve-man jury.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - May 18, 1985

[East German Secret Police report]

"In the May 18, 1985, political-operational report of Department XX … regarding the political-ideological orientation of the US-American Mormons, it was determined that they are to be classified as representatives of the right wing of American conservatism. There are close connections between their leadership and ruling circles within the government [at that time the Reagan administration]. Relationships also exist between persons and institutions of the church and the American secret service."

[Karlheinz Leonhardt, Die Ersten Hundert Jahre, 358 (1985 internal report by Stasi, the East German secret police) as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

70 years ago today - May 18, 1950

First Presidency letter to make 30 percent increase in living allowances for general authorities.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

75 years ago today - May 18, 1945

[Spencer W. Kimball]

It [i.e., Heber J. Grant's funeral] was most impressive and inspiring to me when [Senior member] Pres. George Albert Smith stood at the pulpit, called the meeting to order and announced that PRESIDENT J. REUBEN CLARK, Counselor to Pres. Grant would conduct the services. Then when Pres. Clark announced the speakers he said 'President' George Albert Smith will now address us etc' then 'ELDER DAVID O. MCKAY OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES will address you' then 'ELDER J. REUBEN CLARK JR. OF THE COUNCIL OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES will address you' Such humility!!! Such power!!! Such honor!!! (Most any where else in the world that I know if, there would have been evidence of ambition, envy, jealousy, ill felling) It is the work of the Lord. These are truly great and inspired and 'called' men of God who have been leading the Church through the declining days and months and years of Pres. Grants presidency.

[Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - Monday, May 18, 1885

[John Henry Smith]

Bros. Francis C. Gunnell myself and five other brethren went over to Lyman [Idaho] and held meeting. I presented Bp. Weeks to the Saints to be sustained. 14 voted in his favor and 18 against. He resigned and his resignation was accepted. The people voted unanimously to sustain Bro. George Arnold as a presiding priest.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

135 years ago today - May 18, 1885

John Taylor tells Abraham H. Cannon, "It seems that some so-called Saints in various parts of the country are beginning to weaken and talk of compromise. Some of the leading men in Idaho are even in this frame of mind. Such talk is an evidence to me of utter lack of faith in God and His promises." Five years later WIlford Woodruff issues the Manifesto.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - May 18, 1840

Mary Pitt had not walked except on crutches for 11 years. Was healed by laying on of hands.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

55 years ago today - May 17, 1965

Ezra Taft Benson wrote to FBI director Edgar Hoover with a plea. "Word has come to me, not yet fully confirmed, that some of our liberal 'soft-on-communist' groups are planning to put pressure on you to come out with a statement against the John Birch Society." He urged Hoover not to do so. "It is my conviction that this organization is the most effective non-church group in America against creeping socialism and godless communism," Benson wrote.

Hoover, however, in response to a question at a news conference soon thereafter, said he had little respect for the society or its founder, Robert Welch.

After Hoover's disavowal of Welch, Benson decided to meet with Hoover to explain his support of the society and how Welch's writings had convinced him that Eisenhower aided communism.

Files show that Hoover's aides twice told Benson that he was unavailable for such a meeting — as memos had advised them to do. So Benson wrote Hoover the sensitive "personal-confidential" letter of May 28, 1965, outlining his conclusions about Eisenhower.

Benson also soon sent a book by Welch titled The Politician, noting it was what led him to his conclusions about Eisenhower.

In the book, Welch argues that Eisenhower was either ignorant, a politician blinded by opportunism or was "consciously aiding the communist conspiracy" — and said it really didn't matter because "they all come to the same end … namely tragedy."

Benson wrote Hoover that he inscribed the following words on the flyleaf of the book after he first read it:

"Have just finished this shocking volume. ... While I do not agree with all or the extent of some of the author's conclusions, one must agree that the documented record makes the thesis of the book most convincing.

"How can a man [Eisenhower] who seems to be so strong for Christian principles and base American concepts be so effectively used as a tool to serve the communist conspiracy?

"I believe the answer is found in the fact that these godless communist conspirators and their fellow travelers are masters of deceit — who deceived the very elect. How our people need to be alerted and informed."

Benson added that he hoped the $1 book would be made available widely.

"This story must be told even at the risk of destroying the influence of men who are widely respected and loved by the American people. The stakes are high. Freedom and survival are the issues," he had written in his copy of the book.

Benson also wrote of Eisenhower: "I presume I will never know in this life why he did some of the things he did which gave help to the [communist] conspiracy. It is not my divine prerogative to know the motives of men. It is easier, however, to judge the consequences of man's actions."

["Ike and the Birch Society," Lee Davidson, Salt Lake Tribune, November 16, 2010]

80 years ago today - May 17, 1940

[President Heber J. Grant]

They have re-elected me as a director of the Union Pacific Railroad, also of the Oregon Short Line Railroad, and the Salt Lake Los Angeles Railroad.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

90 years ago today - May 17, 1930

International Hygiene exposition at Dresden, Germany, includes LDS exhibit on Word of Wisdom. This is church's first formal participation in national or international exposition. In 1933, church has exhibit which includes sculptures by Avard Fairbanks in Hall of Religion at Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago. In 1935 church has its first exhibit building at California-Pacific International Exposition in San Diego.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - May 17, 1900; Thursday

[Lorenzo Snow and George Q. Cannon, letter to Bishop George W. Bramwell]

We have just had a conversation with Brother Grant Geddes, in regard to your decision in the case of Sister Margaret Geddes [who had confessed to an adulterous affair, but refused to give the name of the man to protect his reputation. He was actually her post-manifesto husband - David Eccles], and have decided that it would be right and proper in this case that you accept of her confession and forgive her transgression without any further requirement.

[See Today in Mormon History, May 16, 1900]

[Lorenzo Snow and George Q. Cannon, letter to George W. Bramwell, typed excerpt in Quinn Papers, original in LDS Archives]

120 years ago today - May 17, 1900

Apostle George Teasdale (sixty-eight years of age) marries twenty-three-year-old Letitia Dolly Thomas in the Logan Temple. Teasdale had lost four of his five wives through death. He formally divorces the fifth, (after a marriage of 24 years) just prior to this marriage charging that she was unable to have sexual intercourse, an impediment he discovered "immediately after said marriage took place." Teasdale had taken a post-Manfesto plural wife, Marion E. Scoles, three years previously but she had died in childbirth. After Apostle Teasdale's death Letitia married one of his sons (by a previous wife) George Washington Teasdale and thus became her own step-mother-in-law

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

130 years ago today - May 17, 1890

LDS political newspaper SALT LAKE HERALD condemns "the scheme of the conspirators to consummate the political debauchery of making Utah a Republican state."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

95 years ago today - May 16, 1925

[President Heber J. Grant]

At 9:30 tonight I was called on the phone and learned that President Penrose had just died. It was after midnight before I was able to go to sleep, thinking of the life and labors of President Penrose and who to choose as a successor to him in the Presidency. I shall ask Brother Ivins to be my first counselor and whoever I choose to fill the vacancy in the presidency to be my second counselor. While I naturally would have some personal preferences, I hope and pray to select the man that will be most useful and who will be pleasing to our Heavenly Father.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

120 years ago today - May 16, 1900; Wednesday

Bro[ther]. Grant Geddes had a talk with President [Lorenzo Snow]. It appears that his deceased brother's wife (Margaret) who is a widow, has confessed to the a charge of adultery in the Bishop's court, and that the court had given her time to reveal the name of the man [i.e., David Eccles] in transgression with her. This she had refused to do on the grounds that he was a man of family, respected in the community, and to do so would do no good, but only bring reproach upon his family, and add to her mortificaiton. She was willing to make a public confession and ask forgiveness, and desired that she may be permitted to do this in order to retain her standing in the Church. The court held however that she must obey its requirement, and Bro[ther]. Geddes' business was to consult the Presidency in regard to the matter.

[Office Journal of the First Presidency]

120 years ago today - May 16, 1900; Wednesday

Elder Anthon H. Lund called and had a talk this morning with Presidents Snow and Cannon in relation to the employment of Brigham H. Roberts as editor of the proposed history of the Church, Elder John Henry Smith was also present. Brother Lund reported that Elder Roberts, while drawing $1200. a year as compensation for church services, wanted another $2,500. for doing this work, making $3,700 a year. Presidents Snow and Cannon thought this was too much, especially in view of the fact that the work to be done did not require the ability of an author. The names of Elders James E. Talmage and Joseph M. Tanner were mentioned for the honor ... in consequence of a remark of one of the brethren that perhaps President Cannon might be able to do this work, at least so far as supervising it was concerned... President Snow then asked President Cannon if he felt that his physical condition would permit him to undertake the task. President Cannon answered that if this was the mind of President Snow and the committee, he had no other alternative than to place himself at their services, and this he did freely and willingly, promising to give the publication of the work his best attention. Elder Lyman expressed himself more than satisfied at the turn things had taken, and withdrew saying he would seek an interview with Elder B. H. Roberts at once and inform him of it.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, May 16, 1900

[Apostle John Henry Smith]

Salt Lake City

I rebaptized and re-confirmed John Henry Evans, he having been guilty of fornication. It was attended to at the Hot spring bath house.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

130 years ago today - May 16, 1890

New Canadian law prohibiting polygamy goes into effect. This law closes an existing loophole: previously it had been illegal only to take an additional wife while already married. However a Mormon had publicly pointed out that marrying two wives simultaneously was therefore legal under the existing law.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

150 years ago today - May 16, 1870

[Wilford Woodruff]

16, 17 & 18 I Fought Grasshoppers.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 16, 1860

Testimony of Jeremiah Stokes and William Green

"I was setting up with the Corpse of Elder John W. Brown about 3 oclok in the morning (Friday May the 4th 1860) When I beheld a vary bright light hovering near the door which Fronts to the west. Near the top of the door on the left side was a Crown shineing Brilliantly below was a Circle of 12 stars also vary bright and Beautiful. On the left was a representation of Br Browns Coffin. On the right lower down was a large Stone the Express image of the one that killed Brother Brown. This light remained without Changing its position one hour and a half. There were two Candles burning in the room but the light far surpassed there Brilliancy.

Brother William Green was also present and testified that the above is Correct and Adds "I saw the light before Brother Stokes and previous to seeing the light on the door I saw on the lid of the Coffin two small looking glasses vary Clear & bright set in Stone. In a moment more I saw Brother John Brown standing on the opposite side of the Coffin. He looked as he did when found after his death. He soon disappeared and then I saw the light on the door.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]