125 years ago today - Aug 6, 1895

[Heber J. Grant]

At 2 pm attended the regular quarterly meeting of the apostles in the Temple Pres[iden]t Snow felt ... that the first quorum of the apostles, in our day, although selected by men directed by revelation to call them had never come to a perfect union as we have done. The twelve selected by our Lord and Savior were not all united. [Compare to with these] our union is glorious.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Aug 6, 1895

[Francis M. Lyman]

[Council] Pres[ident] Snow made nice opening speech. He censured bro[ther]s Thatcher and Merrill for not being with us. ... Bro[ther] Brigham reported that ... bro[ther] Merrill does not attend meetings in that ward and does not partake of the sacrament there. ... I spent the evening with B[isho]p B. Preston. Talked over Frank J. Cannon's transgressions. He only knows of one woman he ruined. A man was sent to come home from a mission for fear his wife would be ruined by Frank, and some talk about another girl.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Aug 6, 1890

[Heber J. Grant]

[At a meeting of the Apostles where they each give the other blessings] Brother Moses made me very many precious promises. I was so filled that I could not make much of an effort to remember what he said. I recall that he promised me among other things that I should have long life and that the veil between me and eternity should be so thin that I could look beyond. I was promised that I should see father, the Prophet Joseph, the Savior, and some of the ancient prophets. Said the Lord was well pleased with the integrity of my heart. I was admonished that there was no power only through humility. I was promised that my influence should increase among the people. The blessing which brother Moses gave me was a very great comfort as I had wondered whether the labors that I had been performing had been acceptable in the sight of the Lord. ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Aug 6, 1890

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Pres[iden]t. [Lorenzo] Snow promised great blessing to this Quorum, should, if we sought it, live to see the Savior in the flesh. And these brethren have power to lengthen out their lives. God approves of it said Pres[iden]t. L[orenzo]. Snow.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

150 years ago today - Saturday August 6, 1870

[Payson School of the Prophets]

... All nations are planning to destroy life while we are trying to perpetuate life, and to protect it.

Elder Wimmer ... Bore testimony to the mild and fatherly character of President Young; said he was very far from being the tyrant he is represented to be by his enemies.

[A Record of Sayings and Doings in the School of the Prophets, organized by President Brigham Young September 19, 1868, In Payson City, Utah County, U.T., typescript by Michael Nielsen]

155 years ago today - Aug 6, 1865

Patriarchal Blessing of Susan E. Martineau given by Charles W. Hyde ... thou shalt live until thou art 83 years old, and till the coming of the Messiah, and shall converse with him. ... and you shall be a prophetess on Mt. Zion, and shall be a Savior with thy companion ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

155 years ago today - Aug 6, 1865

Patriarchal Blessing of Nephi Martineau given by Charles W. Hyde ... Thou shalt have power to raise the dead, and to do any miracle to forward this kingdom; ... thou shalt come upon Mt. Zion with the hundred and forty-four thousand in their robes of righteousness with many of the Holy Prophets face to face. You shall sit in Council with Joseph and Hyrum, and with your Redeemer. ... Shall help to rear a temple in Jackson county, and you shall help to pave the streets around the temple in Jackson county with gold, and you shall hear the prophet Joseph talking unto you about the New Jerusalem. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

155 years ago today - Aug 6, 1865

Patriarchal Blessing of Julia Henrietta Martineau given by Charles W. Hyde ... Thou shalt be a natural prophetess on Mount Zion and the fulness of the priesthood in due time ... and the Savior will literally lay his hands upon this child when it grows up to womanhood ... and shall stand on the earth at the coming of the Messiah ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

155 years ago today - Aug 6, 1865

Patriarchal Blessing of Jesse Nathaniel Martineau given by Charles W. Hyde ... and ordain you an Elder in the church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, that you may thwart every plan of the Destroyer, that you may live to the coming of the Messiah, for this is the mind and the will of the Father... Inasmuch as you will hearken to every council of thy parents, thou shalt have the heavens opened to your view... with wives and a great kingdom on the earth, and you shall have great treasures of the earth, and with every desire of thy heart upon Mount Zion, and thou shalt converse with your savior face to face ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

155 years ago today - Aug 6, 1865

Patriarchal Blessing of James Henry Martineau given by Charles W. Hyde ... thou shalt be very useful in this kingdom in doing much business in writing and recording the council of heaven and the angels of God shall rejoice over thee... and shall converse with your Savior face to face, and many of the holy prophets since the world began. Thou art of Ephraim, and a lawful heir to the fulness of the priesthood and with wives and a great kingdom on the earth, and shall sit in council with the Ancient of Days, and with all the holy prophets since the world began ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

155 years ago today - Aug 6, 1865

Patriarchal Blessing of Charles Martineau given by Charles W. Hyde ... Thou shalt be like Nephi of old, and the hidden treasures of the earth shall be unfolded to your mind, for no good thing shall be with[h]eld from thee. Thou art of Joseph and a lawful heir to the fulness of the priesthood, and with wives and a kingdom on the Earth forever, and your table shall be spread with the bounties of the earth. For I ordain you an Elder, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints that you may comprehend many things of the Father, and sit in council with the Ancient of Days, and receive the fulness of the priesthood by the hand of the Savior, and be crowned with eternal lives. Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

190 years ago today - Aug 6, 1830

A "Joseph Smith" (Joseph Smith Sr.?) signs a petition in the "rabidly anti-Masonic newspaper" 'The Seneca Farmer and Waterloo Advertiser'

[Homer, Michael, 'Similarity of Priesthood in Masonry':The Relationship Between Freemasonry and Mormonism, Dialogue, Vol. 27, No. 3]

25 years ago today - Aug 5, 1995

The Church News lists 117 appointments to the new position (non-hierarchy) of "Area Authorities," including native-born professors at universities in Brazil, Canada, England, Japan, and Korea.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

45 years ago today - Aug 5, 1975-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]

This morning after our executives meeting, Florence Jacobsen asked me to come to her office and she said that she and her husband would like to give $10,000 to the Mormon History Trust Fund with the understanding that we will prepare or direct the preparation of histories or biographies of Jedediah and Rachel Ivins Grant, the parents of Heber J. Grant; and also the three wives of Heber J. Grant. I told her that we would accept the money and work on these projects, all of which would need to be done as a part of our general preparation of doing a general biography or history of Heber J. Grant as president of the Church. Sister Jacobsen said she wished this matter of her donation to the Mormon History Trust Fund kept quiet; that is, she does not want this information to be told publicly. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

130 years ago today - Aug 5, 1890

The object of these councils of 12 apostles being the mutually interchange sentiments promote perfect union and derive strength from our Heavenly Father & more fully [?] our callings & Apostleships. ... Pres[iden]t. [Lorenzo] Snow F[ranklin]. D. R[ichards]. B[righam]. Y[oung]. [Jr.] and Moses Thatcher spoke acknowledging their faults and asking brethren forgiveness if they had offended.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

140 years ago today - Aug 5, 1880 (Thursday)

Under the administration of the Elders, Eliza Robinson, of the Birmingham branch, England, was instantly healed of ulcers, after fifteen years suffering.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - Aug 5, 1875

The trial of John Lee ends in a hung jury, with the nine Mormon jurors voting to acquit and the three non-Mormon jurors voting to convict. The trial, however, severely tarnishes the reputation of the LDS Church in the eyes of most Americans.

[Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

145 years ago today - Aug 5, 1875

Apostle Joseph Angell Young dies. He had never been a member of the First Presidency and was never added to the Quorum of the Twelve.

[Wikipedia, Chronology of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)]

165 years ago today - Aug 5, 1855 (Evening)

President Young though[t] none would inherit this earth when it became celestial and translated into the presence of God but those who would be crowned as Gods and able to endure the fulness of the presence of God except they might be permitted to take with them some servants for whom they would be held responsible. All others would have to inherit another kingdom, even that kingdom agreeing with the law which they had kept. He thought they would eventually have the privilege of proving themselves worthy of advancing to a celestial kingdom, but it would be a slow progress. -- SLC Tabernacle

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal. 9 Vols. Scott G. Kenney, ed. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1983-85. 4:333-334, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Aug 5, 1850 (Monday)

Pres. Brigham Young pointed out the site for a Temple on the hill where the Manti Temple, Sanpete Co., Utah, now stands.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

10 years ago today - Aug 4, 2010

In his 136-page ruling, Federal District Court Judge Vaughn Walker decided that Proposition 8, the voter-approved ban on same sex marriage passed in 2008, is unconstitutional.

[Prop 8 Timeline, NBC San Diego, http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/politics/Proposition-8-Timeline-History-California--138796454.html]

110 years ago today - Aug 4, 1910; Thursday

A letter was read from President William A. Seegmiller, dated June 30th, from Tahiti, presenting a very embarrassing condition which our elders are confronted with in this: that the young Tahitians, after reaching ages ranging from 12 years upwards, continue the practice of their forefathers by living together as husband and wife; that after doing this for some years, after getting tired of a life of smoking, card-playing, &c., some of them will perhaps get married with a view of turning over a new leaf, and the custom is that they ask forgiveness, for the reason that they are already members of the Church, having been baptized when they were eight years of age, and they are then received by vote into fellowship; and by this time they generally have raised a family, and getting well along in life. This is a general condition among all faiths in religions in Tahiti, and this condition prevails despite the labors and teachings of the elders, and the government permits it, and in fact many of the high French officials are themselves living with native women outside the marriage relation; and the absence of a marriage law makes it very hard for our elders, as we do not receive people as members of the Church living together in this done with [sic] our young native people who have been baptized when eight years of age, and who get in this condition a few years afterwards. Shall wholesale excommunication be made, or shall the wheat and tares be allowed to remain.

As President Smith had already given advice on the same question, it was concluded to lay this over until his return home. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

175 years ago today - Aug 4, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of John Needham given by William Smith ... the Lamanites shall hear thy voice for in other tongues the Gospel shall be preached to them the gift of tongues and interpretation shall be given thee, by Revelation thou shalt speak and thy tongue shall be unloosed none shall deceive thee for thou shalt have the discerning of Spirits also great wisdom even the true knowledge of God power to organize kingdoms and build up a church of God ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Aug 4, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Ira Rice given by William Smith ... thou art of a peculiar spirit when thy soul is moved it cometh forth from the deep thicket like the fierce lion that maketh the forest to tremble and as a terror upon thine enemies in thy fierce anger thou canst not be turned back for so the Lord maketh thee an avenger of the blood of Prophets ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

185 years ago today - (Tue) Aug 4, 1835

The Church temporarily withdrew fellowship from Orson Hyde and William E. McLellin, following their criticism of Sidney Rigdon's grammar school.

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

145 years ago today - Aug 3, 1875

[Wilford Woodruff]

I spent the Evening with Bulah. Mrs Woodruff anointed her and I Blessed her <and the Lord revealed to me the [iniquity?]> of <the hearts of both man and woman.>

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 3, 1845

[Brigham Young]

Well, it is no matter what day we observe or rest upon, if we rest the seventh part of the time. I don't remember that I have lived a Sabbath but I broke it; if we kindle a fire, we break it; if we prepare our victuals, we break it, if we eat, we break it. The fact is, in order to keep the Sabbath we must lie in bed all day and scarcely breathe. I take everything in life as it comes. I live for my friends and will seek to do everything in my power to heal them when they are sick, that is good to nourish and sustain their sinking nature. And if I could not heal them and they must die. ...

[Sermons and Writings of the Restoration. 4 Vols. Ogden Kraut, ed. Pioneer Press, 1994. 1:67-79; Manuscript. f 219, 81, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

35 years ago today - Aug 2, 1985

A new LDS hymnbook, the first revision in 37 years, came off the presses.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Aug 2, 1900

[Apostle Rudger Clawson]

The clerk read a letter from Emma Jensen of Logan, in which she charged the son [William Smith] of a prominent official [Isaac Smith] of the church in the Cache Stake of being the father of an illegitimate child by her daughter. Apostle A. H. Lund, with Apostle Cowley to assist, was appointed to investigate the matter.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

165 years ago today - Aug 2, 1855

The good people of Davis [county] had brought out their nominees for the Legislature.

Bishop John Stoker for the Council and Anson Call & Jesse Hobson for the House of Representative[.] My business to Davis was to have one of the nominees to withdraw and John D. Parker [of the Council of Fifty, the political governing body] put on the track in his place accordingly I called the Bishops and other leading men together and laid the matter before them[.] The plan was adopted & A Call withdran & Parker put in his place all to the most perfect satisfaction of all partiesstaid with my Brother all night

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

40 years ago today - Aug 01, 1980

Jeffrey R. Holland begins his term as the ninth president of BYU (1980–89).

140 years ago today - Aug 1, 1880

... my aunt became acquainted with David Whitmer, who lived there; and wishing to be edified by the account of a reliable eye-witness concerning the appearance and peculiarities of the wonderful plates, she took early opportunity to converse with him on the subject, when, to her amazement, the veracious Whitmer assured her that he never had seen them. "Suppose," said he, "that you had a friend whose character was such that you knew it impossible that he could lie; then if he described a city to you which you had never seen, could you not, by the eye of faith, see the city just as he described it?" She answered that, however that might be, the certificate attached to the Mormon Bible had given rise to the belief that the three witnesses had actually seen and handled the book of plates. Thereupon he went on to relate the bottom facts, which formed the basis of his faith, to this effect: That he went into the woods after some maple sap, and having filled two large pails, he set out to return home. The pails of sap were so heavy that he was obliged to stop and rest at short intervals, and the sharp roots and stubs hurt his bare feet so badly that he had great difficulty in getting along at all. So sitting alone in the woods, he fell to thinking of Smith and of the plates he claimed to have found, and finally, to ease his doubts, he knelt and prayed that if Joseph Smith was a true prophet, and the plates a genuine revelation from God, that the sap might be made lighter as a token thereof. The prayer being ended, he arose, and lifted the sap, which now had apparently no weight whatever, and he went the remaining distance--I think a half mile--without setting it down once, getting over the ground easier than if empty-handed. Whether Cowdery and Harris had such convincing proof, I do not know. ...

[E. S. Gilbert to Ellen E. Dickinson, 1 August 1880, in Ellen E. Dickinson, New Light on Mormonism (New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1885), 261-62., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: E. S. Gilbert To Ellen E. Dickinson]

145 years ago today - Aug 1, 1875

George W. Hill baptizes more than 300 Shoshone Indians in Box Elder County, Utah, and performs priesthood administrations which heal many of them. First Presidency establishes Washakie Farm for Indian converts in Box Elder County. Two years later one of Brigham Young's sons writes of these Native American converts: "They practiced polygamy [before LDS baptism] & of course continue it."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

160 years ago today - Aug 1, 1860

Brigham Young's office journal records: "In the evening Pres. Young discoursed upon the folly of daring each other to rash acts."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Aug 1, 1855

In conversing upon various principles President Young thought none would inherit this Earth when it became celestial & translated into the presence of God but those who would be Crowned as Gods & able to endure the fulness of the Presence of God ex[cept?] they might be permitted to take with them some servants for whom they would be held responsible. All others would have to inherit another kingdom even that kingdom agreeing with the law which they had kept. Yet He thought they would eventually have the privilege of proveing themselves worthy & advanceing to a Celestial kingdom but it would be a slow progress.

On Saturday evening Aug 4th The Universal Scientific society met in the Music Hall And herd an Address deliverd by Professor Orson Pratt. He there made known the Law governing the Planetary rotation which was the first time that Law was ever made known to the inhabitants of the Earth in this age of the world & we have no account of its ever being revealed to man before. It is the Law which Asstronomers have diligently sought to find out for many centauries.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - 80 years - Jul 31, 1935

[J. Reuben Clark & David O. McKay letter]

We have your letter of July 29, 1935, dealing with the question of the handling of certain persons who, it would appear from your letter, are living in adultery, and trying to cloak their relations under the guise of plural marriage.

We enclose herewith a copy of the circular letter, dated Jun 17, 1933, by the First Presidency, and which covers the situation fully.

You will see from this circular that these people, if living as supposed, are not living the law of plural marriage, but are, on the contrary, simply adulterers.

From your statement it would seem that these people are committing crimes against the laws of Arizona. If this be true it is your duty to assist the civil offices in their efforts to uphold and enforce the law.

You are of course familiar as to the steps to be taken in the matter of excommunication from the Church, and you should proceed against these people at once in order to purge the Church of sin.

[J. Reuben Clark and David O. McKay, Letter to Charles C. Heaton, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - 115 years - Jul 31, 1900; Tuesday

[Anthony Ivins]

Prest. [Joseph F.] Smith informed me that his visit was primarily to meet [BYU President] Bro. [Benjamin] Cluff [Jr.] & advise him to either disband his expedition [to look for Book of Mormon evidence in South America] or reorganize it. ... Prest. Smith said for some time reports had reached the Presidency from this expedition which were alarming. The idea had been conveyed that this was a church expedition. ... Bro. Cluff spoke. Said he greatly desired to go forward. If he returned now the expedition would be a failure & his reputation was worth [more] to him than his life. ... Prest. Smith said that he would not be placed in a position to be held responsible for the act of any individual you must choose for yourself. ...

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

175 years ago today - 170 years - Jul 31, 1845

Thursday prayer circle meeting of males at 4 p.m. at Willard Richards's office where "prayers were offered for a number of the sick and for several other general subjects" . However, female members of the Anointed Quorum were told that there was "no prayer meeting to day" .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - 180 years - Jul 31, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Loren Babbit given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... if thou wilt keep the commandments of God and observe the word of Wisdom[,] Thou shalt live to see thy three score years and ten and be satisfied with life... thou shalt be useful unto thy fellow men. through the seventy years: of thy life which thou mayest live upon the earth, if thou desire.

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:112-113, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

40 years ago today - Jul 30, 1980

CALGARY HERALD reports: "Blood Indians camped, on the northern edge of Cardston, Alberta, Canada, pledging to pull all their money out of banks in the town of 3200 and refusing to purchase anything from Cardston businesses. . . . Anger was directed at Cardston residents and specifically at the Mormon Church. The town was founded by Mormon pioneers and is the site of a temple. This is the latest turn in the dispute over the Bloods' claim to land they say is rightfully theirs-land that takes in the town. Blood Indians claimed they have heard racist statements from town residents, been refused service in local businesses, and been refused treatment in the local hospital. They now plan to take their economic revenge."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

95 years ago today - Jul 30, 1925

[George F. Richards]

Attended weekly council meeting in the Temple where I received the appointment to attend, alone, the Jordan Stake Conference Aug. 8&9. In my report I suggested that the last written speech of [recently passed away anti-evolutionist preacher] Wm. J. Bryan on Christianity & Evolution should be published in pamphlet form or in some form where it could be referred to and be accessible. Pres. Grant said it could be published in the Improvement Era. After the meeting I phoned Editor Ed. Henderson who said he would see to it &c.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jul 30, 1895

[Heber J. Grant]

[Council meeting of all presidency, 6 apostles, stake presidents, Caine, Richards, King] The matter under discussion was the activity taken by our sisters in the political matters. Nearly all of us who were present expressed regrets that the sisters should have taken such an active part in political matters and gone out and made so many speeches, and while we regretted this the general feeling was that for the Presidency to now ask these sisters to stop their work would bring ill feelings about among those not of us, and the cry would go out that the Church was not allowing its members perfect freedom. It was decided to let the matter go along as it had started, but the feeling generally was that leading officials in the Relief Societies should have kept out of active work in political matters. ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jul 30, 1850

[Wilford Woodruff]

Our Encampment or the first division of it was called to pass through one of those Horrid scenes to day which are so much dredded by all Emigrating Companies on the plaines which was A stampede of all the ox teams with the family waggons of the first division with the exception of the 10 Baggage who were in the rear. No person who has not Experienced or witnessed one of those dredful scenes cannot form any Correct idea of them And it is almost impossible to give A Correct description of it for to behold 30 or 40 ox teams from 2 to five yoke of oxen in each team Attached to a family waggon of goods & women & Children All in an instant like the twinkling of an Eye be deprived of all reason sens & government & be filled with madness frantic & fright & all dart off with lightning speed each running their own way, roaring, bellowing rolling & tumbling over each other waggons upsetting smashing their wheels Exles & tongues spilling the goods women & Child in the street, for the next teams to trample under their feet as they roar & charge on their way with their yokes bows & chains flying in evry direction is A scene not easily imagined or described. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 30, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessings]

Patriarchal Blessing of Gad Sprague given by William Smith ... for thou art a descendant of the house of Caleb partaking some little of the blood of Dan as made known by the Spirit in this blessing & like the fierce tempest or the waves of the troubled Sea when thy Soul is troubled because of wrongs thou shalt be borne on until Vengeance hath been afflicted on those who are the murderers of Prophets ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

45 years ago today - Jul 29, 1975-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]

I was talking with someone the other day about Church newspapers and periodicals. Apparently Brother [Boyd K.] Packer has been an advisor to these people for the past two or three years. That is probably how he got involved in the J. Golden Kimball episode and perhaps the reason he was especially interested in making comments about our Brigham Young book. At any rate this person said he and his group had had many experiences with Elder Packer. It was his judgment-and the judgment of his associates-that Elder Packer was so constituted that if anyone goes to him to ask about the advisability of doing something, he will automatically say no because he thinks this means they have a doubt about it and not a clear go-ahead from the spirit.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

15 years ago today - Jul 29, 2005

Yahoo webpage news story states: "The Mormon faith looks set to lose its 150-year-old dominance over US state of Utah by the year 2030 as more people leave the church than can be recruited, figures showed."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

60 years ago today - Jul 29, 1960

Hugh Nibley writes in a letter, "The two greatest nuisances in the Church are (a) those who think they know enough to disprove the claims of Joseph Smith, and (b) those who think they know enough to prove them."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

80 years ago today - Jul 29, 1940

[President Heber J. Grant]

Spent the day at home in bed most of the time reading from the News and the Era. I had the pleasure of reading an editorial from the Deseret News which was considered too strong to be published. I wish we could publish it. It attacks President Roosevelt very strongly on running for a third term. I do not know how many Latter-day Saints would want to stop the News if we should publish it, but I almost feel like having it published even if we should lose a hundred or five hundred subscribers. I think we have almost got to the point where the Deseret News ought to take a strong stand against Roosevelt running for a third term, no matter how many people might be almost ready to apostatize.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Jul 29, 1935

The attention of President Clark was called to a newspaper statement that Senator King had given notice that he intends to submit a resolution in the Senate for the purpose of investigating conditions in Germany relative to the German government's attitude toward the Jews and Catholics in that country and that a private inquiry might be made by German representatives and if they find that he is a member of the Church and representing the State of Utah in the Senate, there might be some reprisals on the part of the present German government against the Latter-day Saints in Germany and it might result in the expulsion of the elders from Germany. President Clark asked that a letter incorporating these ideas be sent to him at the Foreign Bondholders'.

[First Presidency, Meeting with Presiding Bishopric, Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

95 years ago today - Jul 29, 1925

[George F. Richards]

I read Wm Jennings Bryans speech prepared to deliver in court at Dayton, Tenn. in defense of Religion and Christianity and denouncing Evolution. I mailed the paper to my son Oliver in Germany. It was of about 9 or 10 columns length and was in this mornings Tribune. I indorse the article fully and think it should be published in pamphlet form as Mr. Bryans dying testimony. He died suddenly on the 26th inst. and before the speech was delivered.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Jul 29, 1915

Bruce Redd McConkie, later a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, is born in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

135 years ago today - Wednesday, Jul 29, 1885

[John Henry Smith]

I spent five hours today at Mr. Warnacks talking with my Cousin Joseph Smith of the Reorganized Church. We canvassed a number of points but could not agree.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Jul 29, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Samuel Swanner given by William Smith ... yet some foul and evil Spirit has watched thy path and laid a snare for thy Soul and endeavored to bring thee down into captivity and so destroy and bind thy Spirit that all of thy future usefulness might be hindered, but the days of thy captivity shall not be all the days of thy life for when the Saints receive thine [their] enduement [endowment] the Elders of Israel their anointings then shall the opening glories of this latter dispensation beam with greater effulgence upon thine understanding then Lo and behold thy deliverance shall come

and like the bird uncaged thy Soul shall be set free to flit itself in distant lands and amidst thy starry heavens the trackless skies thy Spirit shall rove ungovernable in the far off distance until lost in the contemplation of heaven the knowledge of God ...

[Patriarchal Blessings, Marquardt Papers]

175 years ago today - Jul 29, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Samuel B. Merrill given by William Smith ... it shall be given unto thee to be an avenger of the Blood of the Prophets & patriarchs to stand in the fierce conflict & contend for the rights of thy Brethren still it shall not be given unto thee to have a spirit of war for peace and union is uritten [written] on the tablets of thy heart but to defend the innocent and the cause of Zion thy soul shall rise up in Mighty strength and a Mighty spirit whose power is unknown so shall not thy strength be comprehended for in the day of battle thine arm shall be vexed with the power of Laban[']s sword and unto conquest shall thou be borne off Victorious ...

[Patriarchal Blessings, Marquardt Papers]

175 years ago today - Jul 29, 1845

[William Clayton]

We played till near 1 o clock chiefly with the violin. There was a first rate supper provided with plenty of wine and good things.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

30 years ago today - Jul 28, 1990

The Church News feature article: "Church Brings Hope to Prison Inmates."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jul 28, 1900

Advertisement in The Logan Nation for "all wool Garments," with an illustration of two men and women in one-piece underwear from neck to wrist to ankle.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jul 28, 1900; Saturday

This morning Elders Heber J. Grant and Horace G. Whitney came to the office for the purpose of conferring with President [Lorenzo] Snow on the business [McCune expenses keeping the Herald solvent with is own funds]. President Snow came in the office from his room in the Beehive House and in connection with President [George Q.] Cannon heard what these brethren had to say in relation to the proposition to turn the Herald over to the Church and have some one appointed to run it as a Democratic paper as it has always been. President Snow told these brethren that there was but one answer to give, and that was that the Church could not undertake to do any such thing as this, and Brother Whitney was to coney this answer to Mr. [Alfred W.] McCune. With this decision President Cannon fully agreed. After this short interview President Snow again returned to this room as he was not feeling so well this morning.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - 1895. July 28

Moses Thatcher dedicated the [Matthew] Cowley home in Preston, "That herein might be born prophets, seers, and revelators to honor God."

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Jul 28, 1890 (Monday)

The Utah Supreme Court, in the matter of the estate of George Handley, deceased, rendered a decision to the effect that polygamous children could not inherit from the father.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - Jul 28, 1875

Deseret News reports one of the meetings where the apostles preach the United Order: "The vote to renew their covenants by baptism was very general by the people."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

150 years ago today - Jul 28, 1870

Deseret News reports that on his return to Salt Lake City yesterday, Milando Pratt says that he and Thomas Rich (sons of apostles) saw the Bear Lake Monster from shore: "The portion of the body out of the water was about ten feet long," with a head like a walrus.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Jul 28, 1860

[Wilford Woodruff]

A Quorum of /70/ Apostles when united are Equal in authority to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

The Twelve Apostles or traveling Council are to be special witnesses of the name of Christ in all the world. They are Equal in authority in there decissions to the Presidency of the Church. They are to preside in all the world whare the three first Presidency are not.

The three first Presidency Preside over the whole Church & administer in all the ordinances of the Church which Consists of a Presidet & his two Councellors.

The President of the Church holds the keys of the sealing powers & his Council act in Concert with him [in] all things.

Should the Presidency die The Twelve Could organize another Presidency & should the Presidency & Twelve all be slain the Seventies being Equal in power & Authority to the Twelve or first Presidency Could organize both Quorums.

A Bishop has two Councellors. There is no difference in the authority of his Councillors. The 2d has as much authority as the first. A Bishop should have his Councilers with him on the trial of a case in order to make it Legal as it takes three to make a Quorum.

The High Priest Could organize the Church in all its parts if all other Authorities were dead for they have the Melchezedek Priesthood out of which grow all of the Higher offices of the Church.

An Apostle is the highest office in the Church & kingdom of God. Joseph Smith was a Prophet Seer & Revelator before he was baptized or ordained to the Aaronic Priesthood or had any Authority to administer one of the ordinances of the house of the Lord. He was afterwords ordained to the Aaronic Priesthood then to the Melchezedek Priesthood & Apostleship which is the highest office in the Church & kingdom of God on Earth. When a man is ordained to the Apostleship & keys thereoff if he dies in faith He will hold those keys to all Eternity. All the Prophets Patriarchs & Apostles who ever did or ever will hold the keys of the Apostleship if faithful unto death will hold them forever.

Presidet Young was an Elder when he was ordained to be one of the Twelve Apostles. Some asked the Question how He could officiate as an High Priest not having previously been ordained a High Priest. Joseph Said the Apostleship covered all the offices of the High Priesthood the same as a private member ordained a High Priest Could officiate as a Deacon Teacher Priest or Elder.

Presidet Young said "I ordained most of the two or three first Quorums of the Seventies and Joseph gave me vary particular instructions to ordain them all High Priests which I did. When a man is ordained an High Priest Seventy or one of the Twelve He Can officiate in all the lesser offices of the Church whether He has been ordained to that office or not.

When I met with the Saints in Nauvoo at the first meeting after Josephs death in defending the true organization against Sidney Rigdon I had it in my mind all the time that there would have to be a Presidency of three Appointed but I knew the people Could not bear it at the time and on our return as the pioneers from the valley I Broached the subject first to Brother Woodruff and afterwords to the rest of the Quorum. They received it & finally sustained it.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - 1845 28 Jul.

Jonathan Dunham, despondent about disobeying Joseph Smith's orders to rescue him from jail, commits suicide. Later disclosures indicate that Dunham, who was a captain of Nauvoo's police, major-general of the Nauvoo Legion, and a Council of Fifty member, accomplished the suicide by asking a native American friend (Lewis Dana, fellow member of the Fifty) to "kill and bury him."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jul 28, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Rachael Sirrine given by William Smith ... I now seal upon thy head that is after the power of an endless life; a glorious immortality and a name written even golden letters in the archives of heaven enrolled upon sacred records deposited in the temple of God in the holiest of all, for it shall be given unto thee to live to see the prosperity and glory of Zion until her perfection and beauty shall go forth as a Lamp that burneth the Saints receive their enduement [endowment] and then shalt thou explore every apartment of the house of the Lord ... and him who has been appointed as thy companion here on earth shall prove thy Savior and thy Deliverer on Mount Zion and he shall preside over thee and great shall be his reward in the kingdom of heaven ... thou shalt shine forth as one of the Stars of the firmament, and none shall outshine thee in all their glory for with Angels thy voice shall be heard and that too with praises and Hossannas [Hosannas] to the most high God ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

180 years ago today - Jul 28, 1840

"There is a tradition among some of the descendants of Levi Hancock that Mrs. Hancock was sealed to Joseph Smith in Nauvoo and that one of her sons may have been his child. Since there seems to be no printed or manuscript evidence to support this story, however, it must be taken with considerable reserve."

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

105 years ago today - Jul 27, 1915

Revolutionary followers of Emiliano Zapata execute Mexican branch president Rafael Monroy and Vincente Morales, also LDS, after each tells Zapatistas: "I cannot renounce my religion."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Jul 27, 1900; Friday

Mr. McCune sent for Brother Whitney this morning and informed him that during the last fourteen months he had paid out of his private purse $56,000. to meet the expenses incurred in running the Salt Lake Herald; that his experience in politics has brought anything but pleasure to himself and family, but he had now concluded to withdraw from them (i.e. politics and the newspaper business) and to cease paying out any more money to keep the Herald alive; in fact, he had decided to cease entirely after meeting this week's payroll, which would amount to about $1,000. He fully realized that the downfall of the Herald would be a great triumph for the Salt Lake Tribune, and he asked Brother Horace G. Whitney to wait upon the First Presidency and inform them in confidence of what he proposed to do, and to say to them that if they could see their way clear to continue the publication of the Herald in connection with the News, he would turn it over to anybody among the loyal democrats who would be willing to form themselves into a company for the purpose of continuing its publication with the understanding however, that its expenses be met by them.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

160 years ago today - Jul 27, 1860

Presidet Young read me a letter from Bishop Maughn Stating that there had been a fracus with the Indian. The Brethren had taken a one eyed Indian prisioner for Stealing and several Indians Came down to liberate him. The Indian started to run & the guard shot him dead. The other Indians shot at the guard & killed a Brother Reed & mortally wounded Samuel Cousins through the lungs. The Indians then took to the mountains & found two Merrils getting wood. They shot Ira Merrill dead & his Brother badly wounded. They took some Indians prisioners. The rest gathered their forces & Came down to liberate them & they met 100 rifles. They then held a Council. The Indians then agreed to go & get those who had shot the white men & bring them in & put them to death & make pease.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

15 years ago today - Jul 26, 2005

SALT LAKE TRIBUNE article "Keeping members a challenge for LDS church" opens with, "The claim that Mormonism is the fastest-growing faith in the world has been repeated so routinely by sociologists, anthropologists, journalists and proud Latter-day Saints as to be perceived as unassailable fact. The trouble is, it isn't true."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 26, 1900

Pres. Cannon also stated that Pres. J. F. Smith had been appointed by Pres. Snow to visit Mexico and investigate matters pertaining to the B. Y. Academy Scientific Expedition to South America, the expedition now being somewhere in the neighborhood of Nogales, Mexico..

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

150 years ago today - Jul 26, 1870

Apostle Joseph F. Smith performs proxy sealing of Scotland's Queen Maude (or Matilda. b. 1104) as eternal wife to martyred prophet Joseph Smith. Similar ordinances are performed by Apostle Wilford Woodruff on Sept 5, for eight political heroines or female rulers including Charlotte Corday (who murdered the radical Marat during the French Revolution) and Empress Josephine (wife of Napoleon). On Sept. 15 second counselor Daniel H. Wells seals two Catholic saints as wives to founding Mormon prophet: Saint Helena (mother of Roman emperor Constantine) and Saint Theresa (b. 1515 in Spain). These are first women of international prominence sealed as wives to Joseph Smith, but during fifty years after his death hundreds of deceased women are similarly joined to him, even though many had husbands during their lifetimes.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

155 years ago today - Jul 26, 1865 (Wednesday)

The Indians attacked Glenwood, Sevier Co., Utah, wounded a man and drove off nearly all the stock belonging to the settlement.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

70 years ago today - Jul 25, 1950

[David O. McKay]

At 3 p.m. Pres. Smith, Pres. Clark, and I met with Ernest L. Wilkinson on the proposition of his being appointed president of the Brigham Young Univ. There is no doubt but that Ernest Wilkinson has the right viewpoint of the mission of the Brigham Young University, especially with regard to its mission and the preaching of the restored gospel of Jesus Christ. He senses clearly the fact that every department in the school should, as he stated, "be impregnated" with the spirit of the gospel, and that the teachings of the principles of the gospel should not be confined to a Theological Department with other departments feeling that they are estranged therefor. Brother Wilkinson is a clear thinker; he makes no pretense to having had any experience in school management; he possesses outstanding ability, which I believe he can direct towards a good organization. On the whole I was favorably impressed with him and earnestly hope and pray that he will succeed.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

80 years ago today - Jul 25, 1940

[Heber J. Grant]

We met Reed Smoot and his wife ... Reed is so thoroughly forgotten now. It is a case of 'gratitude is a lively sense of favors to come.' When Reed was a Senator working for everyone he was one of the most popular Senators in the United States. Today there is very little attention given to him.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

95 years ago today - Jul 25, 1925

... Whenever possible brethren should be ordained Elders before coming to the temple for endowments. ... Sisters married to non-members should not be recommended to the temple to receive endowments. ...

[Heber J. Grant, Anthony W. Ivins, and Charles W. Nibley to B. H. Roberts, July 25, 1925, quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

150 years ago today - Jul 25, 1870

[Brigham Young]

While I am making my remarks I sincerely request the attention of the congregation; I desire them to keep silence, let there be no whispering, nor talking to each other, nor moving of feet; and if the babies can outnoise me, why it will be because my lungs have grown weak. ... . While on our way to the Missouri river some kind of a spirit; whether it was intuitive knowledge, prescience or promptness of intellect, no matter. Something told me, that the government of the United States would make a demand on the camp of Israel for troops to go into the Mexican war. If the God of Heaven did not reveal it to me I should like to know who did. ... if the Government of the United States hunt us here and afflict our families while we are gone to find an asylum for them, I will hunt them all the rest of my life, so help me God.'" (Applause.) ... [The Mormon Battalion] fought no battles in all their career. But they were the first ones that ever raised the American flag on Mexican territory and preserved it there. (Applause.) ... I will say right here that of all men who ever did live upon the earth lawyers are the worst. Doctors and priests are bad enough, but lawyers will ruin everybody and send all to hell. They are the worst and the most unfit for human society of any beings that live... could we not live as other men do? Is it not my privilege to lead about a wife or a sister, a neighbor's wife or any female as much as any other man's? Certainly; but when I do it, I do it legally and lawfully, not clandestinely. This is the curse that is upon this nation, and one of the greatest curses in the sight of heaven and justice that now rests on the United States. It is their abuse of females; millions of them are wasted. According to their own showing thousands of females have perished in the streets of New York since we have been in these valleys, proba- bly double and almost treble the entire number of females we have in this Territory...

[Manuscript Addresses of Brigham Young. 7 Vols. Elden J. Watson, ed. Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1979-84. 6:30-35, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - Jul 25, 1860

One of Presidents Youngs waggons was turned over into the Big Cotton wood. It turned twice over with two women & several Children. One woman was hurt in the sholder. One Child Came near drowning.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 25, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessings]

Patriarchal Blessing of Vienna Jacques Shearer Smith(?) given by William Smith ... in peace thou shalt sit down in Zion & walk her streets unmolested and with Joseph[']s remnants thy Salvation shall be greatly extolled for as one of the seed of Joseph thou shall be numbered with the 144,000 partaking of the power and glory of the Priesthood of those who are called the honored ones of the earth ... & thy Soul shall enter into perfect rest and with loud Hossannas [Hosannas] to God & the Lamb exclaim it is enough my Soul is full and thou shalt be rewarded and thy reward is great and all thy past afflictions and scenes of sorrow and grief shall be forgotten ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 25, 1845

July 25 1845 Friday Joseph Woodruffs [b.18 Jul 1845 - d.12 Nov 1846] Blessing received under the Hands of his Father Wilford Woodruff ... I seal thee against the power of Death sickness & the destroyer untill thy work is finished ... Thou shalt lay thy hands upon the heads of thy Father and Mother in their old age and bless them & thou shalt be a Comfort unto them. Thou shalt be Baptized the day thou art eight years of age ...

I ordain the to be a High Priest after the order of Melchisedic ... when thou shalt arive to years of accountability & discretion thou shalt have power to administer in the ordinances thereof..

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jul 25, 1840

A Dr. John C. Bennett writes to the Saints stating his intention to move to Nauvoo and join the Saints. He will later become an influential member of the Church. He has the reputation of being both a genius and an imposter. In addition to being a professor, a preacher, a doctor, and a military leader, he is also claimed to be an abortionist, a wife deserter, and a traitor. When he gains Joseph's confidence, he helps draft the Nauvoo charter and push its passage through legislature, shows him how to drain the Nauvoo swamps, and administers quinine to the sick of Nauvoo, thus saving many lives. He later writes one of the most famous exposes against the Saints. In writing to Joseph a second time he states that "wealth is no material object with me. I desire to be happy."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 4:169-70.]

190 years ago today - Jul 25, 1830

Joseph Smith receives a revelation instructing missionaries to curse those who will not listen to them: "And in whatsoever place ye shall enter, and they receive you not, in my name, ye shall leave a cursing instead of a blessing, by casting off the dust of your feet against them as a testimony, and cleansing your feet by the wayside"

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

45 years ago today - Jul 24, 1975

President Spencer W. Kimball dedicates the new twenty-eight-story Church Office Building in Salt Lake City, Utah.

50 years ago today - Jul 24, 1970

The LDS headquarters invites only prominent Republicans to the Salt Lake City airport to greet U.S. president Richard M. Nixon who has asked to meet with the First Presidency. This excludes Utah's Democratic governor Calvin M. Rampton who "almost had to force his way into the receiving line." First Presidency secretary Francis M. Gibbons later acknowledges that this is "a snafu in protocol." The Deseret News reports that Nixon addresses a crowd of 15,000 from the steps of the Church Office Building at 47 East South Temple Street, but the Nixons cancel their scheduled tour of Temple Square because of what Utah's Congressional representative Laurence J. Burton describes as "stupid, crazy, threatening" posters of "dissident groups." Presidency secretary Gibbons later describes these as "militant blacks" and antiwar protestors.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Tuesday, Jul 24, 1900

[Rudger Clawson]

Pioneer Day. The ceremonies connected with the unveiling of the Brigham Young Statue at the head of Main Street took place at 10 a.m. The statue and pedestal were draped with American flags and a platform was built around them for the accommodation of the speakers and prominent people. ...

I have often said that if I were a wealthy man, I would set aside a portion of my means to be used in the temple for the salvation of the dead. There are many good people in the church who can be employed to work for the dead, and I have ascertained that it will cost from 75c to $1.00 for each dead person who is baptized for and endowed, which work, if accepted by them, means salvation to their souls; and Pres. Lorenzo Snow says that in nine cases out of ten the work will be accepted, so that, it might be said, there is very little risk connected with an investment of this kind.... Now, I am not a man of means, but to show forth the sincerity of my desire, I have decided to set aside a small part of my monthly income for the purpose above explained and shall start the fund with $4.00. I hope in the future to accomplish much good, under the blessing of the Lord, from this very small beginning.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - Jul 24, 1885

[Wilford Woodruff]

This is the Aniversary of the Arival of the Pioneers into Salt Lake Valley. I Carried President Brigham Young in my Carriag through Emigration Canyon into the valley of the Great Salt Lake 38 years ago this day. And this is the day Appointed By the Presidet of the United States, The General of the Armey, & Gov Murry to send An Armey unto Salt Lake to Destroy the Mormons if they Put the flag at half mast. And yet in the Providence of God President Clearland was under the necessity of Commanding all the People of the United States to place the flag at half mast on that particular day and Gov Murry Commanded the People of Salt [Lake City] to do the same for Gen [Ulysses] Grant was Dead [had died the day before] and the Lord had prepared him as a scape Goat to bear of the Sins of the Mormons.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Jul 24, 1870

[Brigham Young]

It has been observed here this morning that we are called fanatics. Bless me! That is nothing. Who has not been called a fanatic who has discovered anything new in philosophy or science? We have all read of Galileo the astronomer who, contrary to the system of astronomy that had been received for ages before his day, taught that the sun, and not the earth, was the centre of our planetary system? For this the learned astronomer was called "fanatic," and subjected to persecution and imprisonment of the most rigorous character. So it has been with others who have discovered and explained new truths in science and philosophy which have been in opposition to long-established theories; and the opposition they have encountered has endured until the truth of their discoveries has been demonstrated by time. The term "fanatic" is not applied to professors of religion only...I will tell you who the real fanatics are: they are they who adopt false principles and ideas as facts, and

... Who can tell us of the inhabitants of this little planet that shines of an evening, called the moon? When we view its face we may see what is termed '"the man in the moon,'" and what some philosophers declare are the shadows of mountains. But these sayings are very vague, and amount to nothing; and when you inquire about the inhabitants of that sphere you find that the most learned are as ignorant in regard to them as the most ignorant of their fellows. So it is with regard to the inhabitants of the sun. Do you think it is inhabited? I rather think it is. Do you think there is any life there? No question of it; it was not made in vain. It was made to give light to those who dwell upon it, and to other planets; and so will this earth when it is celestialized. Every planet in its first rude, organic state receives not the glory of God upon it, but is opaque; but when celestialized, every planet that God brings into existence is a body of light, but not till then. ...

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 13:267-274, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jul 24, 1855

[Wilford Woodruff]

On the 24 & 25 of July I attended the Polosophical society in the social Hall & Herd till midnight the most thrilling soul stiring speeches, essays, Addresses, songs, music &c &c that I ever herd. It was truly interesting to enjoy such a feast of the production of the strongest talent in the world. We also was addressed on saturday evening at the Universal Scientific Society by [ ] On the subject of Phrenology followed by O. Pratt & W Woodruff.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 24, 1845

Thursday, "the Holly order" met at 4 p.m. at Willard Richards's "office" , and "the Quorum agreed to take no more snuff & tobacco for 6 weeks" .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

45 years ago today - Jul 23, 1975

First Presidency circular letter authorizes stake presidents to ordain bishops. Previously this was restricted to general authorities.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

145 years ago today - Jul 23, 1875

[Mountain Meadows]

The trial of John Lee opens in the courtroom of Judge Jacob Boreman. Payment for Lee's defense is arranged by Brigham Young. The prosecution's star witness is Philip Klingensmith.

[Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

150 years ago today - Jul 23, 1870

[Brigham Young]

There never was an earth without an Adam. There never was a time when earths were not coming into existence and going out. There never was a time when there was no Savior upon an earth, but man in his finite being cannot comprehend eternity. God the Father came and begotten a Son of the Virgin Mary, just the same as we beget out children; and consequently Jesus partook of his fathers divine nature, and was therefore competent in offering a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice. -- Salt Lake City

[Leonard J. Arrington Papers, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

155 years ago today - Jul 23, 1865

The First Presidency and Twelve issue a statement condemning Biographical Sketches "for its inaccuracy."

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

165 years ago today - Jul 23, 1855

The foundation of the Salt Lake Temple was finished.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

185 years ago today - Jul 23, 1835

[Wilford Woodruff]

Rode in company for the last time with Elder Warren Parrish to the mouth of Sandy. ... The time had now arived however painful it might be for me [to] take the parting hand with Br PARRISH. I Know not that we shall ever meet again untill we meet in Eternity. May the blessings of God crown his days & prepare him for the Celestial Kingdom. O worthy Brother farewell but not forever.

I am now left alone without human aid to asist me in preaching the gospel. My circuit is about 100 miles in extent besides the care of all the Churches within the limits of the same. Who is weack & I not weack? Who is offended & I burn not? O may the LORD give me strength as my day & many souls as seals of my ministry. O GOD prepare me for the battle.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

70 years ago today - Jul 22, 1950

[Marion G. Romney]

Brothers Harold B. Lee, Henry D. Moyle and I spent the day in Grantsville with President J. Reuben Clark, Jr., going over welfare problems. It was decided we should survey the Church to determine how many welfare recipients there are in the Church, and to determine their classification, the aim being to cut down the budget. Brother Clark's feeling is that for those we must take care of permanently , we should supply a rounded-out living, but for those who come and go we should give them some help in staple items.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

145 years ago today - Jul 22, 1875 (Thursday)

The trial of John D. Lee, indicted for murder, was commenced at Beaver.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - Jul 22, 1860 (Sunday)

Smithfield, Cache Co., was attacked by Indians. A fight ensued; John Reed and Ira Merrill and two Indians were killed, and several others wounded on both sides.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Jul 22, 1850

[Hosea Stout]

Attended Court Before Esqr Farr First case at 9 a. m. State vs Wm Maykin upon the complaint of J. C. Dill for stealing two of his horses in Echo creek Cañon. The Defendand was convicted & sentenced to 2 years hard labor.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

60 years ago today - Jul 21, 1960

First Presidency issues statement allowing young men to serve missions at age 19, even though they had not met educational and military qualifications previously required.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

85 years ago today - Jul 21, 1935

President Heber J. Grant dedicated the Hill Cumorah Monument near Palmyra, N.Y.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

95 years ago today - Jul 21, 1925

The infamous "Monkey Trial" ended and John Scopes was found guilty of teaching Darwinism.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

110 years ago today - Jul 21, 1910 (Thursday)

Pres. Rudger Clawson and other Elders were arrested in Berlin, Germany, and spent the following night in jail.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

110 years ago today - Jul 21, 1910; Thursday

I learned today from Brother Ezra C. Dalby of Rexburg, Idaho, that Brother Josiah E. Hickman, of Beaver [Utah], and principal of the church school there had been excommunicated from the church for violating the instructions of the authorities of the church in relation to plural marriage. I am very sorry, because I look upon Brother Hickman as a very sincere and good man, who may have become over zealous. There are several others also implicated in the same conditions there, (apparently through the influence of Brother Hickman) who have been investigated by the authorities and handled. I do not know the extent of the investigation in their cases.

While I believe in the principle of plural marriage, I do not think we are under any obligations to violate the instructions of the President of the church in the matter. He has said there shall be no more such marriages performed in the church, and that those who go into that order of marriage now will be handled on their fellowship.

[James D. Cummings, Diary]

120 years ago today - July 21st 1900.

... Bro. Cluff here to get supplies for his S.[outh] A.[merica] Expedition ...The idea had been conveyed that this was a Church expedition. Read letter of instruction from Pres. Snow...that it was the unanimous opinion the the Pres. & Apostles that the expedition disband, but if reasons exist which we do not know that a part of the expedition proceed. Cluff must assume the entire responsibility....

Bro. Cluff spoke. Said he greatly desired to go forward. If he returned now the expedition would be a failure & his reputation was worth more to him than his life. He would rather fail on the Isthmus or on the banks of the Magdelena River than turn back now. He did not desire to go forward, however, unless he could do so with the blessings of the Lord....

Pres. Smith made remarks. Bore strong testimony that the work of the Lord would spread till the L. D. S. would control in this land, (&) U. S....

[Diary Excerpts of Anthony W. Ivins, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Jul 21, 1895

[Francis M. Lyman]

[Parowan] I spoke for an hour and 50 minutes upon statehood and woman, or equal suffrage. I had fair liberty but the pitch of my voice was too high. I have never had better liberty in speaking on the subject.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Jul 21, 1875

LDS political newspaper SALT LAKE HERALD publishes John D. Lee's "confession" that "all who participated in the lamentable transaction, or most of them, were acting under orders that they considered it their duty-their religious duty-to obey." Lee says that when informed of Mountain Meadows Massacre, Brigham Young "wept like a child, walked the floor and wrung his hands in bitter anguish."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Jul 21, 1850

[Brigham Young]

I asked him [Elder Day] how God looks as he was a preacher of the gospel - tell me how the kingdom of glory looks - after a long period he answered, '"I'll not pressure to answer the question how a spirit looks - how do you suppose Father Adam looked - he said like you. I smiled and asked how did his daddy look - he said he was in the image of his father ... the Jews has not 1/4 portion of the light of the advent to the gentiles know of the second advent of Christ, is it a marvel they rejected him - not half so much as the gentiles are now mistaken ... if I were to tell this congregation where they are - I now know and you will know, when the Lord led off those - he took them as the city of Enoch from the earth '- Gent this earth is divided - you may search this earth from earth to west, do you think they are frozen up. when the ten tribes return - you will find them millions and millions - they increased rapidly ... there is a curse on them for killing the Messiah - and the day is set and when it will be wiped away, we are at the very threshold when Saviors shall come and save the House of Esau, the gentiles, Ephraim in his first career was the savior of this fathers house and he said it is the house of Ephraim and Manasseh. Ephraim is to come up on Mount Zion and save the House of Esau, they have mingled with the blood of gentiles - only a drop in a family - every particle of a drop will be gathered out yet Ephraim will come up on Mount Zion -

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jul 21, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Jane Rigby given by William Smith ... I bless thee with that power that shall have dominion over evil Spirits and they shall be rebuked. And by thy prayers they shall flee away ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 21, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of James Rigby given by William Smith ... as an avenger of the blood of Prophets & Patriarchs thou shalt stand as a mighty warrior and contend with great strength for the cause of Zion ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 21, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Benjamin Chase given by William Smith ... as a Savior on Mount Zion thou shalt stand in the last days numbered with the 144,000 ... the names of thy fathers shall be revealed unto thee, up to the time they lost the Holy Priesthood.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

25 years ago today - Jul 20, 1995

Presbyterian General Assembly of the United States adopts a resolution that the LDS church is "a new and emerging religion that expresses allegiance to Jesus Christ in terms used with the Christian tradition." This ecumenical statement is at odds with Protestant denominations which define Mormonism as a non-Christian cult. However, in recognition of the LDS church's own claim to be neither Catholic nor Protestant, this document adds that the LDS church is "not within the historic apostolic tradition of the Christian Church of which the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is a part." This pro-Mormon resolution is drafted and presented by Utah's Presbytery, eighty-five years after it fomented several anti-Mormon campaigns nationally.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

35 years ago today - Jul 20, 1985

One hundred thousand people attend a Church dance festival at the Rose Bowl in Southern California.

75 years ago today - Jul 20, 1945

[David O. McKay]

President McKay, upon the insistence of President Smith and President Clark, took a much needed vacation from the office.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Jul 20, 1915

[George F. Gibbs to N. E. Shorten]

Please find enclosed answers to the questions contained in ours of the 10th inst. The answers were given by Elder B. H. Roberts, and have been approved by President Joseph F. Smith. ...

Q: Is the original manuscript of the Book of Abraham still in existence? Answer: The papyrus manuscript, together with the mummies with which it was connected, was destroyed in what is known as the great fire of Chicago, it, with the mummies, being on exhibition at the time at Wood's museum. The mummies and manuscript, shortly before the death of the Prophet Joseph Smith, were turned over by him to his mother, who derived a little revenue from exhibiting them. These things remained in possession of the Smith family after the exodus from Nauvoo, and were disposed of by William Smith, and found their way to Wood's museum after the death of his mother. Q: Has it, or authentic copies of it, ever been submitted to reliable men for translation? Answer: Some facsimiles were submitted by the late Bishop Spaulding of Utah to some of the professors in the late controversy. These facsimiles were taken from an early edition of the Pearl of Great Price.

[George F. Gibbs, Letter to N. E. Shorten, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

110 years ago today - Jul 20, 1910

The Christian Endeavor Society of Missouri, an early forerunner of the American Religious Right, instituted a campaign to ban movies depicting kissing between non-relatives.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

135 years ago today - Jul 20, 1885 (Monday)

A monster mass meeting was held in Paris, Bear Lake Co., remonstrating against the political oppression in that county, and petitioning Pres. Cleveland for redress.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jul 20, 1845

[Brigham Young]

I believe and know that no mans body changes in all his life - if the body changes in seven years I wonder what body that was, gotten by the Eternal Father born of the Virgin Mary and suffered for the sins of the world - put down in death and laid in the sepulcher by Joseph - it is the corruptible system that passes away the refined body stays - I am forty, I wonder which body will be resurrected - I have been long enough in this church to have two bodies, I would hate to have six or seven bodies for one spirit - I should be a kind of a monster - ... the refined particles stay and the corrupt particles flee away - Jesus Christ rose with the same wounds that he died with.

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Jul 20, 1840

Patriarchal Blessing of Robert D. Foster given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... thou Shall not loose [lose] thy inheritance, ... thou Shall speak to the raging Sea, and its angry waves Shall be Still the winds Shall be Still at thy bidding, ... thou Shalt behold thousands fall by the Sword, and hundreds perish in famine... and I seal thee against the destroyer, and the Devil, and all delusion Spirits, and the destroying Angle [Angel] Shall pass by thee I seal [thee] up to Eternal life in the name of Jesus Christ Even So Amen

[Patriarchal Blessings]

45 years ago today - Jul 19, 1975

LDS church and its Bonneville Productions receive national advertising award ("Clio") for its "Homefront" advertising on television. Church also receives Clio awards in 1979, 1980, 1984, 1992, and 1993.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Jul 19, 1900; Thursday

[Heber J. Grant]

I explained tha some of the [Benjamin Cluff] party were giving glowing and wonderful accounts of what the party was to accomplish namely--that Brother Cluff was to unearth the City of Zarahemla; that Prof[essor]. Wolfe was to discover plates and have the gift to interpret them; that they were going to accomplish things greater even than the discovery of the plates containing the Book of Mormon; this expedition meant the dawn of freedom to the Church etc. etc.

The general feeling of the brethren was that somebody should be sent to Mexico to intercept the expedition and decide whether it should be abandoned or a small party should proceed.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Jul 19, 1900; Thursday

Mosiah Hancock, a man well on to seventy years, to accompany the [Benjamin Cluff] expedition [to Central/South America] believing that they might find some new plates as a result of their explorations. Brother Grant could not help but believe that they would be in jeopardy of their lives and belongings while traveling in Mexico.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

180 years ago today - Jul 19, 1840

[Joseph Smith Prophecies]

... speaking of the Land of Zion [DEL: that :DEL] It consists of all N. & S America but that any place where the Saints gather is Zion which every righteous man will build up for a place of safety for his children [DEL: that :DEL] The olive trees are 12 stakes which are yet to be built not the Temple in Jackson [County, Missouri] as some suppose for while the 12 [DEL: olive :DEL] stakes are being built we will be at peace but the Nations of the Earth will be at war.

... we will continue pleading like the Widow at the feet of the unjust judge but we may plead at the feet of Majistrates and at the feet of Judges At the feet of Governors and at the feet of senators & at the feet of [DEL: the :DEL] Pre [s]idents for 8 years it will be of no avail. We shall find no favor in any of the courts of this government. The redemption of Zion is the redemption of all N & S America and those 12 stake must be built up before the redemption of Zion can take place ...

We shall build the Zion of the Lord in peace untill the servants of that Lord shall begin to lay the foundation of a great and high watch Tower and then shall they begin to say within themselves what need hath my Lord of this tower seeing this is a time of peace &c--Then the Enemy shall [DEL: brak :DEL] come as a thief in the night and scatter the servants abroad when the seed of these 12 Olive trees are scattered abroad they will wake up the Nations of the whole Earth Even this Nation will be on the very verge of crumbling to pieces and tumbling to the ground and when the constitution is upon the brink of ruin this people will be the Staff upon which the Nation shall lean and they shall bear [DEL: away :DEL] the constitution away from the very verge of destruction --Then shall the Lord say go tell all my servants who are the strength of mine house my young men and middle aged &c come to the Land of my vineyard and fight the battle of the Lord--Then the Kings & Queens shall comethen the rulers of the Earth shall come then shall ail saints come yea the Foreign saints shall come to fight for the Land of my vineyard for in this thing shall be their safety and they will have no power to choose but will come as a man fleeth from a sudden destruction--But before this the time shall be [DEL: when :DEL] these who are now my friends shall become my enemies and shall seek to take my life and [DEL: shall be m :DEL] there are those now before me who will more furiously pursue me [DEL: and :DEL] the more dilligently seek [DEL: to :DEL] my life and be more blood thirsty upon my track than ever were the Missouri Mobbers You say among yourselves as did them of old time it is I & is it I But I know these things by the visions of the Almighty.

... And it is now wisdom in God that we should enter into as compact a city as posible for Zion and Jerusalem [DEL: and :DEL] must both be built up before the coming of Christ [DEL: This will near a half of a century :DEL] How long will it take to do this 10 years Yes more than 40 years will pass before this work will be accomplished and when these cities are built then shall the coming of the Son of man be

... --And I prophecy in the name of the Lord that the state of Illinois shall become a great [DEL: mountain :DEL] and mighty mountain as a city set upon a hill that cannot be hid and a great that giveth light to the world [DEL: and :DEL] The city of Nauvoo als [o] shall become the greatest city in the whole world.

Curse that man who says to his neighbor you are a mean man because you do not believe as I do I now invite all liberall minded men to come up to Nauvoo and help to build up the city of our God We are not greatly distressed no nor ever will be ... We will build upon the top of this Temple a great observatory a great and high watch tower and in the top thereof we will Suspend a tremendous bell [DEL: whi :DEL] that when it is rung shall rouse the inhabitants of Madison wake up the people of Warsaw and sound in the ears of men [in] Carthage Then comes the ancient records yea all of them dig them yea bring them forth speedily

Then shall the poor be fed by the curious who shall come from all parts of the world to see this wonderful temple Yea I prophecy that pleasure parties shall come from England to see the Mamoth and like the Queen of Sheba shall say the half never was told them. School houses shall be built here and High schools shall be established and the great men of the [earth] shall send their sons here to board while they are receiving their education among us And even Noblemen shall crave the priviledge of educating their children with us and these poor saints shall chink in their pockets the money of these proud men received from such as come and dwell with us

Now brethren I obligate myself to build as great a temple as ever solomon did if the church will back me up. Moreover it shall not impoverish any man but enrich thousands I prophecy that the time shall be when these saints shall ride proudly over the mountains of Missouri and no Gentile dog nor Missouri dog shall dare lift a tongue against them but will lick up the dust from beneath their feet and I pray the father that many here may realize this and see it with their eyes. And if it should be (Stretching his hand towards the place and in a melancholly tone that made all hearts tremble) will of God that I might live to behold that temple completed and finished from the foundation to the top stone I will say Oh Lord it is enough Lord let thy servant depart in peace, which is my ernest prayer in the name of the L Jesus Amen ... [Howard and Martha Coray Notebook]

He (J.S.) says Zion is all North & South America The 12 Olive trees are 12 stakes J. Co. Mo. is the centre. The government is fallen & needs redeeming. It is guilty of Blood & cannot stand as it now is but will come so near dessolation [sic] as to hang as it were by a single hair!! -- Then the servants goes to the Nations of the earth, & gethers [sic] the strength of the Lord's house! a mighty army!! -- And this is the redemption of Zion -- When the saints shall have redeemed that government & reinstated it in all its purity & glory!! -- That America may be an asylum for the remnant of all nations [Orson Pratt to George A. Smith, 21 January 1841, Orson Pratt Papers, LDS Church Archives]

[The Words of Joseph Smith by Joseph Smith by Andrew F. Ehat and Lyndon W. Cook]

180 years ago today - Jul 19, 1840

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

John Jones came to oppose us & his carriage broke down & flung him in the mud. He came to meeting but the Lord shut his mouth & he could not utter a word but left the room as soon as I closed.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jul 19, 1835

"The remainder of this month, I was continually engaged in translating an alphabet to the Book of Abraham, and arranging a grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients." On this same date, W. W. Phelps writes to his wife, "These records of old times, when we translate them and print them in a book, will make a good witness for the Book of Mormon." (In reference to the above Phelps letter, Hugh Nibley argues that because Phelps said "we translate them," all of Joseph Smith's notes, Egyptian grammars, etc., were not necessarily prepared by Joseph alone, if at all. Phelps apparently tried his hand at some of these things too, and scholars should be careful not to attack Joseph for the alphabet and grammar if they were, in fact, only vain attempts by W. W. Phelps.

[History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 2:238; Brigham Young University Studies (various issues), Su '71, 394 - referenced in Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

195 years ago today - Jul 19, 1825

[U.S. Religious History]

Liberal members of Congregational churches in New England founded the American Unitarian Association.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

70 years ago today - Jul 18, 1950

[J. Reuben Clark]

[Arthur Gaeth telephones to tell Rowena Miller that use of the Tabernacle for Secretary of Agriculture Brannan had been withdrawn after all arrangements had been made, that it was being stated that Clark had authorized this action, and that if the situation were not altered, it would hit national news:] I then mentioned the matter to President Clark later in the afternoon, reviewing the facts and indicating to him that he (President Clark) was being quoted as the source of authority here at headquarters who had directed the stake presidency to refuse the use of the hall. President Clark told me that he had had nothing whatever to do with the matter, had not talked with anyone at Brigham City concerning the question, and told me I could quote him on that, which I later did when Arthur Gaeth called me about four o'clock.

A short time later Emily Stewart called me, said that Arthur Gaeth had called her, and I reiterated President Clark's statement that he had not talked to anyone at Brigham City either by phone or in person. I understand that she then talked to President Smith about the matter, and he called President McKay to see whether or not President McKay had had anything to do with the question, because he himself (President Smith) had not talked to any of the Brigham City people. Upon learning from President McKay that he had not spoken to anyone concerning the matter here, President Smith then asked President McKay to talk with the stake president in Brigham City by telephone and make it clear to them that whoever was saying that the First Presidency was responsible for ordering the contract for the use of the hall cancelled or withdrawing permission for

its use were in error, because no member of the Presidency had given any such instruction.

The matter was left entirely in the hands of the local brethren of the stake presidency as to whether they should make the hall available or not. ...

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

40 years ago today - Jul 18, 1980

[Spencer W. Kimball letter]

... This is an official invitation from the President of the Church for both of you to receive the most holy second anointings which it is planned will be given to you in the Ogden Temple on Sunday, August 24, 1980, at 3:00 p.m. For this you should arrange to bring your temple clothing and come also with a temple recommend. Other instructions will be given to you when we meet at the temple. If you wish to receive these blessings, please advise me immediately by letter. These blessings are to be given only upon your total worthiness. We would like you to indicate in your reply regarding this matter. This whole program should be totally confidential; and as a reply to family members as a reason for your being away from home that day, you may say you are going to a special meeting at the temple. * P.S. If you do accept, please complete the enclosed form and return it with your letter of reply.

[Spencer W. Kimball, Letter dated July 18, 1980, quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

120 years ago today - Jul 18, 1900

With permission from First Presidency First Counselor George Q. Cannon, Apostle Matthias F. Cowley performs plural marriage ceremonies for Cannons son Hugh J. Cannon and nephew John M. Cannon.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

145 years ago today - Jul 18, 1875

G[eorge] Q Cannon made some Remarks then read the rules of the United Order, which the greatest part of the Assembly voted to receive.

At the Close of the Meeting the Congregation surrounded a pool of water and Elder G Q Cannon went down into the water and Baptized 27 of the leading men of Davis County including the Bishops & their Councillors and Elders John Taylor and W Woodruff Confirmed them.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Jul 18, 1875

Apostle Orson Pratt preaches in Salt Lake City that rebaptism "seems to be a kind of standing ordinance for all Latter-day Saints who emigrate here, from the First Presidency down; all are rebaptized and set out anew by renewing their covenants." After his counselor Daniel H. Wells eulogizes Emmeline Free Young, Brigham Young stuns those at the funeral by instructing her children and grandchildren not to follow his plural wife's "bad example." In her manuscript "My Father's Wives," Susa Young Gates explains that "Aunt Emmeline became addicted to morphine in the later years of her life."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

155 years ago today - Jul 18, 1865

President Young spoke 20 minuts on disease & its Cures. He said for the gravel [kidney stones] use Onions, or wintergreen. For the piles [hemorrhoids] or costivenees [constipation] use the syrenge. For sore Eyes put wet Earth in a rag & put on the Eyes. For heart burn let the wind go downwards & not upwards.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 18, 1845

[Wilford Woodruff]

July 18th 1845 This morning at half Past Seven oclok Just 30 minutes past 7 Mrs Phebe W. Woodruff was deliverd of a fine Son After a Short sickness. I laid hands upon her at the commencement of her sickness. I told her it should be well with her & with her Child which was the case. This was the first Child we have had since our endowment & I thank the Lord that it is a Son for unto us a child is born unto us a Son is given. His name shall be Called JOSepH for unto him the Priesthood belongs. He is the first fruits of the fulness of the Priesthood out of the loins of Ancient Joseph through the linage of Ephraim given unto us in answer to our Prayers for we Asked the Lord to give unto us a Son And he has granted unto us our request.

We have dedicated & Consecrated him unto the Lord even from his mother womb he is Holy unto the Lord. My Prayer to my Heavenly father is that his life may be preserved to stand among the Sons of Zion bear the Priesthood with honor And bless his Father and Mother in their old age And Honor them that his days may be long upon the land which the Lord God of Israel shall give unto him.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 18, 1845

Lucy Mack Smith obtains a copyright on her manuscript for her history of Joseph Smith and his progenitors. Seven years later Orson Pratt has the manuscript published in Liverpool England after many changes which include inserting Joseph Smiths account of the First Vision which was not mentioned in the original manuscript.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jul 18, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Mary Walker given by William Smith ... the blessings of the living and the blessings of the dead are upon thee and thou shalt live to see many days and years to come and thy Soul shall not faint within thee neither shall it suffer the pain of death.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

140 years ago today - Jul 17, 1880

"Relief Society Report, Seting Apart Officers, &c.," July 17, 1880; Relief Society Record, 1880–1892, pp. 9–14, CHL (CR 11 175).

On July 17, 1880, a month after John Taylor had nominated a new general Relief Society presidency, he attended a general meeting of women held in the Salt Lake City Fourteenth Ward assembly hall to set apart the newly sustained officers. The terms set apart and ordain were used interchangeably at this time. Taylor used both when setting apart officers on this occasion: "I set thee apart to preside over the Relief Societies in the Church" and "I confer on thee this power and authority and ordain thee to this office."

Eliza R. Snow served seven years in her formal capacity as general president, establishing policies and procedures that would govern the society for years to come. Zina D. H. Young served as first counselor in the presidency until Snow's death in 1887, after which she was appointed Relief Society general president. Second counselor Elizabeth Ann Whitney, who had also been a counselor to Emma Smith, died in 1882, leaving a vacancy in the presidency that was not filled during Snow's administration. Sarah M. Kimball served as general secretary while maintaining her position as president of the Salt Lake City Fifteenth Ward Relief Society. Mary Isabella Horne was named Relief Society treasurer—a position she held until 1901—although she was not set apart on this occasion. Horne served concurrently as general treasurer, president of the Salt Lake Stake Relief Society, and president of the Retrenchment Association.

[4.5 General Relief Society Meeting, Report, July 17, 1880, as quoted in Matthew J. Grow, Jill Derr, Carol Madsen, and Kate Holbrook, editors, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, The Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/]