30 years ago today - May 20, 1992.

Phi Beta Kappa, the national honor society for arts and sciences, rejects BYU's application for a chapter. Phi Beta Kappa's reasons for refusing the chapter application are that the "dogmatic religious assertion[s]" in its mission statements "preclud[e] other possibilities" and hence oppose Phi Beta Kappa's promotion of "a liberal arts education which . . . foster[s] free inquiry." The reason for the decision is not religion per se: Notre Dame, a Catholic-sponsored university, has a Phi Beta Kappa chapter.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

75 years ago today - May 20, 1947

[J. Reuben Clark]

Called Mark Petersen about G-man Hoover's testimony before the Committee on un-American activities on March 26th and thought it ought to be printed, maybe not all at once, but anyway in installments. It is very illuminating. Bro. Petersen will try to find it over there and if he cannot will borrow Pres. Clark's copy (Leo Young sent for Pres. Clark's copy on Thursday).

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

75 years ago today - May 20, 1947

President George Albert Smith offers a prayer for the U.S. Senate, and the 'Congressional Record' publishes his invocation's full text. Nineteen years later, 20 May 1966, first counselor Hugh B. Brown does likewise. In 1974 Apostle (later LDS president) Gordon B. Hinckley opens the U.S. House with prayer; Pres. Spencer W. Kimball prays in the Senate.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

105 years ago today - May 20, 1917

[James E. Talmage]

Talmage speaks with William C. Mills, an archaeologist researching Ohio's Indian mounds, and in his journal Talmage comments on the similarities between Mills' conclusions and the Book of Mormon.

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

140 years ago today - May 20, 1882

[Lorenzo Snow to John Taylor]

Prest John Taylor Hannah [who had been married to Joseph E. Johnson for more than thirty years], the person in question, has never intimated to me orally or otherwise, that she desires a release and I do not feel exactly at liberty to act in the premises till she herself expresses such a wish. If she will sign the following certificate, in presence of Prest McAlister and he witness the same, she then has my full consent to be sealed to whomsoever she pleases, and in the return of this certificate I am willing to sign a Bill of Divorce. If this meet your approval please forward it to Prest McAllister Respectfully Lorenzo Snow.

This certifies that I wish to be released from Covenant and obligations, entered into between myself and Lorenzo Snow when sealed over the Alter in the Temple at Nauvoo. Hannah M Goddard now Johnson We were not sealed at the Alter in the Temple. it was in L. N. Scovils house: I received my Endowments in the E[ndowment]. H[ouse]. Salt Lake City HMGJ

The above Certificate was this day signed in my presence John D T. McAllister Washington 15th May 1882

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

140 years ago today - May 20, 1882

Prest Taylor received a letter from Pres J D T McAllister of St George dated May 16th pertaining to the matter of Apostle Lorenzo Snow and his wife Hannah ...

Prest John Taylor Hannah [who had been married to Joseph E. Johnson for more than thirty years], the person in question, has never intimated to me orally or otherwise, that she desires a release and I do not feel exactly at liberty to act in the premises till she herself expresses such a wish. If she will sign the following certificate, in presence of Prest McAlister and he witness the same, she then has my full consent to be sealed to whomsoever she pleases, and in the return of this certificate I am willing to sign a Bill of Divorce. If this meet your approval please forward it to Prest McAllister Respectfully Lorenzo Snow. This certifies that I wish to be released from Covenant and obligations, entered into between myself and Lorenzo Snow when sealed over the Alter in the Temple at Nauvoo. Hannah M Goddard now Johnson We were not sealed at the Alter in the Temple. it was in L. N. Scovils house: I received my Endowments in the E[ndowment]. H[ouse]. Salt Lake City HMGJ The above Certificate was this day signed in my presence John D T. McAllister Washington 15th May 1882

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - May 20, 1877

Concerning the temple in Jerusalem, Orson Pratt stated, "By and by there will be a Temple built at Jerusalem. Who do you think is going to build it? You may think that it will be the unbelieving Jews who rejected the Savior. I believe that that which is contained on the 77th page of the Book of Mormon, as well as in many other places, in that same book, will be literally fulfilled. The Temple at Jerusalem will undoubtedly be built, by those who believe in the true Messiah. Its construction will be, in some respects different from the Temples now being built. It will contain the throne of the Lord, upon which he will, at times, personally sit, and will reign over the house of Israel for ever. It may also contain twelve other thrones, on which the twelve ancient Apostles will sit, and judge the twelve tribes of Israel."

[Pratt, Orson, Building Temples, Journal of Discourses vol. 19: p. 19–2, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

145 years ago today - May 20, 1877 (Sunday)

The first converts to "Mormonism" among the Pima Indians were baptized at Camp Utah, on Salt river, Ariz. Among them was the chief Che-eh-chum.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - May 20, 1857

President James Buchanan, relying upon the negative accusations of several, while ignoring Mormon denials, and without any investigation, was convinced that the Mormons were in rebellion against the United States. He decided to replace Gov. Brigham Young, and without giving him any notice, and without the required Congressional approval (Congress was in recess), proceeded to make his new appointments and issued orders for a large military escort.

[Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

180 years ago today - May 20th 1842

[High Council Minutes]

Council met at the Store of Joseph Smith Lodge Room

Charge against Chancy L Higbee by George Miller For unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with the widow Miller and others. Plead not guilty.

Three witness testified that he had seduced them and at different times been guilty of unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with them and taught the doctrine that it was right to have free intercourse with women if it was kept secret &c and also taught that Joseph Smith authorized him to practise these things &c.

On motion of President Hyrum Smith

Resolved, That he (Chancy Higbee) be expelled from the Church ...

[Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois: Nauvoo Hancock County Illinois, http://amzn.to/uXAcJh%20]

180 years ago today - May 20, 1842

Catherine Fuller Warren, responds to charges by the Nauvoo High Council of "unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with [Assistant President] John C. Bennett." She admits to them and also confesses to intercourse with others, including Joseph Smith's younger brother, Apostle William Smith. She explains that the men had "taught the doctrine that it was right to have free intercourse with women and that the heads of the church also taught and practiced it which things caused her to be led away thinking it to be right." Bennett is excommunicated but charges against William Smith are withdrawn by Brigham Young after Joseph Smith complains, "I will not listen to this abuse of my family a minute longer. I will wade in blood up to my knees before I will do it."

185 years ago today - May 20, 1837

Kirtland banknotes have depreciated in value by 50 percent.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

185 years ago today - May 20, 1837

[Patriarchal Blessing of Daniel Carter given by Joseph Smith Sr. ... An Angel of record one standing near the throne of God shall minister to thee. ... The blessing of God shall fall on thy posterity. Thy children shall be blest. They shall stand with thee in the covenant. They shall have a residence in the City of Zion. They shall have with thee an inheritance in Zion. They shall become mighty men in the earth. They shall stand with the Savior on Mount Zion. If thou art faithful in keeping the commandments of God, thou shall stand in the flesh when the Lord Jesus shall come in the clouds of heaven with Power and great glory. ... It is given thee on condition of keeping the commandments and the "Word of Wisdom". I seal them on thy head by the authority of the Holy Priesthood. I seal thee with Eternal life. Amen

[Patriarchal Blessings]

125 years ago today - May 19, 1897; Wednesday

Pres[iden]t. [Wilford] Woodruff at his office this afternoon, received a call from Bishop H[iram]. B. Clawson, with his grandson Hal, son of Stanley Clawson. The young man had made a study of hypnotism. He brought with him three young men who had been operated upon several times before. He put them into a state of somnambulism, and performed many curious experiments, such as running and [sic] hat pins through their arms. One of them when so ordered put a pin through his own cheeks. No blood came from the punctured skin, and the subjects appeared to suffer no inconvenience as a result. One of the young men was suspended across two chairs, his head resting on one and his feet on the other, with nothing else to support him, and he was made so rigid that two brethren present, who weighed together 330 pounds, sat on his body, which remained as stiff as a board. Hal Clawson stated that a noted hypnotist had failed to hypnotize after two weeks trial, and he thought he would try it himself and succeeded at the first effort. No one could be hypnotized without giving voluntary consent. It required a strong minded person, who could concentrate his thoughts upon one object, to be hypnotized. Red haired people were the easiest to control. He said there were three stages of hypnotism known as subjestion, somnambulism and catalepsy.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

175 years ago today - May 19, 1847. Wednesday.

...When Elder [Heber C.] Kimball went ahead this morning to search out a road ... he turned his head to the left and saw 2 very large wolves at about 5 rods distance gazing at him. One of them he said was nearly as large as a 2 year old steer. When he saw these he looked around on the other side and saw several others about the same distance from him very large ones and all gazing fiercely at him. This startled him considerably and more especially when he reflected that he had no arms. He made a noise to try to scare them away but they still stood and he concluded to move away as soon as he could. They did not follow him and he saw a dead carcass near which satisfied him that he had interrupted their repast. On mentioning this circumstance to President Young they named the creek Wolf Creek . . .

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - May 19, 1847

[Blacks]

Here [Lowell, Mass.] I found a branch of the Church of about 20 members in tolerable good standing. ... In this Branch there is a Coloured Brother, (An Elder ordained by Elder Wm. Smith while he was a member of the Church, contrary though to the order of the Church or the Law of the Priesthood, as the Descendants of Ham are not entitled to that privilege) by the name of Walker Lewis. He appears to be a meek humble man, and an example for his more whiter brethren to follow.

[Elder William I. Appleby Journal (written in mid-50s based on notes), in LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

180 years ago today - May 19, 1842

Mrs. Pres^t. [Emma Smith] said this day was an evil day— that there is as much evil in this as in any other place— said she would that this Society were pure before God— that she was afraid that under existing circumstances, the sisters were not careful enough to expose iniquity— the time had been when charity had covered a multitude of sins— but now it is necessary that sin should be expos'd— that heinous sins were among us— that much of this iniquity was practiced by some in authority, pretending to be sanction'd by Prest. Smith.

[1.2.9 May 19, 1842, Minutes of the Proceedings of the Eigth Meeting of the Society, as quoted in Matthew J. Grow, Jill Derr, Carol Madsen, and Kate Holbrook, editors, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, The Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/]

180 years ago today - May 19, 1842

Joseph Smith becomes Nauvoo's mayor. His Nauvoo "Lifeguards" are headed by former Danite Albert P. Rockwood and include Danites Hosea Stout and Orrin Porter Rockwell. At the City Council meeting during the balloting for Mayor, Joseph Smith jots down and then "threw across the room" a revelation to Hiram Kimball which declares that "Verily thus saith the Lord-Hiram Kimball has been insinuating evil, and forming evil opinions against you, with others; and if he continue in them, he and they will be accursed, for I am the Lord thy God, and will stand by thee and bless thee. Amen." Joseph had recently proposed plural marriage to Hiram Kimball's wife Sarah M. Kimball and had been rebuffed by her.

75 years ago today - May 18, 1947

On the trek westward Brigham Young "called the Captains of tens to his wagons and gave them a pretty severe lecture." He upbraids them for wasting meat and for wasting ammunition while hunting.

125 years ago today - May 18, 1897

[Lee Yost]

... The first heard of Joe Smith was his coming to Fayette to Examine and Search for Treasure as he Supposed was hid or Burried in or about the Embankments of the old Fort or Earth Works was and Plainly to be Seen in the woods on the Farm of my Wife's Grand=father--John Markel in Fayette[.] Smith was shown the Place or Fort by my Wifes Father William A Marshall[,] Son in Law to Markel[.] There together with one or two others they Spent Several days and nights[,] Smith with his mineral Rod to find the Hidden location But failed to find the treasure[.] the next heard of Smith was his Story of finding the Golden Bible[.] the History he gave of the finding was that the Angel of the Lord appeared to him and directed him to Search in a certain Spot East of the vil[l]age of Palmyra directing him of a certain Place South Side of the Road in the field at the foot of of a hill or quite a rise of ground he would find the Plates of the Golden Bible[.] I stayed all night at a tavern on the North side of this road and was shown the very Spot Smith Said he[,] the angel[,] directed him where to find the the Plates of the Golden Bible[.] ... My Father Casper Yost at time a number of times went over to the Whitmores [Whitmer] and there Saw and handled the Golden Plates so called[.] the plates looked to him he Said and I have heard him describe them to others as they appeared to him as sheets or plates of Brass with letters or Engraving which he did not understand or know anything about[.] ...

[Lee Yost to Diedrich Willers, Jr., 18 May 1897, Willers Papers, Seneca Falls Historical Society, Seneca Falls, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Lee Yost To Diedrich Willers, Jr.]

125 years ago today - May 18, 1897

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Met Pres[ident] Woodruff & wife out in a carriage he was out to get the air. He said "yesterday I had a laps. lost myself did not know where I was or know anything or anybody. It lasted about one hour."

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - May 18, 1892

Lucy Meserve Smith became the secret wife of her first cousin, Apostle George A. Smith, in November 1844. In response to Emma's anti-polygamy statements one day during that time-period, Lucy stated: "I told George A. what sister Emma had said. He related to me the circumstance of his calling on Joseph late one evening, and he was just taking a wash [--] and Joseph told him that one of his wives had just been confined [for childbirth] and Emma was the Midwife. He [George A.] told me this to prove to me that the women were married for time, as [i.e., because] Emma had told me that Joseph never taught any such thing [--she said that] they were only sealed for eternity [--] they were not to live with them and have children"

[Lucy Meserve Smith statement, 18 May 1892, photocopy of her holograph, Folder 9, Box 6, George A. Smith Family Papers, in "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

145 years ago today - May 18, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

18 Gave 134 Endowments. 43 Elders Ordained. J D T McAllister Sealed 54 Couple, gave 2 seconed Anointing, & 5 Adoptions. /+ Ground for Logan Temple dedicated to day./ [The asterisk is Woodruff's.] I wrote 3 letters to Phebe, Susan Eugenia & Phebe. I felt quite Comfortable to day. I received a letter from Brother Morgan.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 18, 1877

The NEW YORK HERALD publishes an interview with Sarah Pratt, wife of Apostle Orson Pratt. She says she had not believed in Mormonism since Nauvoo, and had been endeavoring after the family first arrived in Salt Lake to "rear my children so that they should never espouse the Mormon faith," while concealing "from my neighbors and from the church authorities the fact that I was thus rearing them." Sarah also said, "Here was my husband, gray headed, taking to his bed young girls in mockery of marriage . . . He told me that he believed it was his duty to take other women besides myself to wife."

145 years ago today - May 18, 1877

[Brigham Young]

Brethren, if you will give me your attention, I will say a few words to you. We have dedicated this spot of ground upon which we expect to erect a Temple [Logan], in which to administer the ordinances of the House of God. Into this house, when it is completed, we expect to enter to enjoy the blessings of the priesthood, and receive our washings, our anointings, our endowments, and our sealings; and the brethren will be sealed to brethren to connect the links and make perfect the chain from ourselves to Father Adam. This is the object of the Temple which we are about to commence building at this place. We require the brethren and the sisters to go to with their might and erect this Temple; and from the architect to the boy that carries the drinking water to the men that work on the building, we wish them to understand that wages are entirely out of the question. We are going to build this House for ourselves, and we shall expect the brethren and sisters, neighborhood after neighborhood, ward after ward, to turn out their proportion of men to come here and labor as they shall be notified by the proper authorities.

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 19:33-34, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - May 18, 1857

Utah ―Mormon War commences (ordered by President Buchanan to establish Federal control of Utah territory and to eliminate plural marriage). Secretary of War John B. Floyd dispatches Johnston's army of 2,500 men to impose federal law on the Mormons.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

175 years ago today - May 18, 1847

[Brigham Young]

It was proposed by President Young, voted & carried '" that if any man should stop his team in the road without due causes thereby detaining the whole camp from proceeding, should be obliged to travel in the rear, of the hindmost wagon the whole day '"

[Horace K. Whitney Journal, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

40 years ago today - May 17, 1982

Former Mormon Ed Decker writes to Victor L. Brown, Presiding Bishop: "The Mormon excommunication system brings a stigma with it that generates an aroma of 'stink' about the persons requesting separation. It has caused divorces, economic hardships, social shunning, and many other problems-all in the name of righteous judgment. We are at the point that we must require some system that will allow a decent withdrawal of membership. Item 4, page 72 of the General Handbook of Instructions allows for such an act of free agency. Yet, to the general membership, excommunication has to fall into the categories of Moral Transgression found on the preceding page of the handbook! Not only are we dumped together as having some kind of secret sins too awful to mention to decent people; but categorically have no honor or witnesses (unless approved by the court) on your own behalf within the trial procedures." The Church later allows members to resign without excommunication.

65 years ago today - Fri May 17, 1957

[David O. McKay Office Journal]

8:30 a.m. This morning my counselors--Presidents Richards and Clark--viewed the M.I.A. film "How Near to the Angels" which was shown in the Church Office Projection Room. We decided that the film is very excellent, but it was my judgment that it would be better not to use it for showing in the Missions of the Church as it will only intensify the problem that our young girls are now facing with relation to meeting young men who are worthy of taking them to the Temple. There is a question in our minds whether it is best for them to go through life unmarried rather than marry outside of the Church as we feel there are many good men in the world that they could marry with the possibility that they may bring them into the Church later.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

120 years ago today - May 17, 1902; Saturday

[Anthony Ivins]

... This was ballroom dancing. To square dancers, it seemed that ballroom couples moved in circles around the floor and held each other in an extended hug as they did so. Church leaders were equally opposed to "spinning on the corners" in square danc- ing because it involved physical contact.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

130 years ago today - Tuesday, May 17, 1892

[John Henry Smith]

I returned to the City [from Rock Springs, Wyoming] and talked over with the Presidency ... Bro. M. Thatcher's great speach and the satanic part of it.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - May 17, 1882

At 10-a.m. Met in council John Smith & M[oses]. Thatcher prayed Letters from Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon & Pres[iden]t. [John] Taylor were read. Judge Jeremiah Black of Philadelphia [Pennsylvania] can be retained for $5,000'He thinks we ought to resist the Commissioners & their operations under the Edmunds Bill. It was voted to retain him on behalf of the Church to plan our operations and direct the methods of our warfare on defensive and voted to address 2 or three questions to him through Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon. Deliberated on establishing a central arrangement for selling wagons & machinery to people.

[Franklin D. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - May 17, 1877

President John Young breaks ground for the Logan Temple (later the Logan Utah Temple).

165 years ago today - May 17, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]

E. D. Woolly spoke in the morning. Said he had been troubled with an evil spirit all night & He felt that the stand was lean & the Congregation was lean &c.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 17, 1847

President Young reproved sharply the hunters for killing more game than was necessary

[Wilford Woodruff Journal; WW 285-286, in Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

180 years ago today - May 17, 1842

John C. Bennett resigns as Mayor of Nauvoo. Joseph Smith writes to Church Recorder James Sloan, "You will be so good as to permit Bennett to withdraw his name from the Church record, if he desires to do so, and this with the best of feelings towards you and General Bennett" Two days later Joseph Smith is elected Mayor by the Nauvoo City Council. His first official act is to ask for the establishment of a "night watch etc." for "counteracting the designs of our enemies, . . . whereupon the council resolved that the mayor be authorized to establish a night watch, and control the same." At that time Joseph asks Bennett if he had anything against him. Bennett responds: "I know what I am about, and the heads of the Church know what they are about, I expect. I have no difficulty with the heads of the Church. I publicly avow that any one who has said that I have stated that General Smith has given me authority to hold illicit intercourse with women is a liar in the face of God"

30 years ago today - May 16, 1992

The Deseret News reports that students at Ricks College, the second largest LDS school, elected twin sisters, Kris and Kim Shelley, as president and vice-president of students. The was the first female president there since World War II, during the shortage of male students.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

70 years ago today - May 16, 1952

[Stephen L. Richards]

President Richards mentioned that Rabbi Fink had talked to the students at the B.Y.U. on racial discrimination, and said we don't always get the right stand on this so-called broadmindedness and tolerance, which sometimes is inconsistent with the real doctrines of the Gospel. Said he didn't know that Rabbi Fink did any harm just talking to the general proposition of racial discrimination, but the more we give recognition to these so-called liberals, the more we hazard to a small degree at least the true concepts of our youth with reference to the intolerance of the Lord's word, as it always has been and always will be intolerant of other than the true interpretation.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

120 years ago today - May 16, 1902

Benjamin Cluff is sustained as president of Brigham Young Academy (later BYU) but "censured for some of his doings in trip to the South Land." On an ill-fated expedition to South America to find evidence supporting the Book of Mormon the previous year Cluff had taken a plural wife.

135 years ago today - May 16, 1887

[Joseph Rogers]

I was often in Palmyra, and was well acquainted with Jo Smith, who became the Mormon prophet. When a young man he claimed to receive revelations from the Lord where treasures were buried. He told Peter Rupert and Mr. Cunningham, a blacksmith (simple-minded old men), that there was a chest of gold buried on my brother-in-law, Henry Murphy's, farm, under a beech tree. Henry's younger brother, Jack, said that must be stopped, and he obtained some filth in a sap bucket and got up in the beech tree before they arrived in the evening. They came and Mr. Rupert held the Bible open and a lighted candle as prophet Jo directed, while Peter dug for the chest of gold. Jack called Peter three times and he looked up and said, "Here am I, Lord," and received the filth in his face. Peter told me and others that the Lord chastised him and he had to stop his digging. He said he paid Jo for the information. I told him he ought not to believe Jo, for he was a liar and imposter. He said Jo would put a spell on him and that he would have to stand two weeks. He said Jo had perfect command over men. He believed he was a prophet. ... Many of Jo's victims were from New Jersey and believed in witches and ghosts. He could not fool the New England or York State Yankees. Jo Smith and his adherents dug a cave in a hill in Manchester, N.Y., and used to go there, he said, to consult with the Lord. He had a door at the entrance fastened with a padlock. The sheriff took possession and found much property which had been stolen from farmers about there. Jo had left for Ohio. It was believed that Jo intended to remove the property.

... His father, old Jo, was called a devil. He was very intemperate, profane and vulgar in conversation. Jo, the prophet, said much about his troubles with the devil and that he, the devil, got the better of him much of the time.

. . . But few persons about Palmyra and Manchester became Mormons. Jo, the prophet, pretended to tell fortunes for pay. He could read the character of men readily and could tell who he could dupe.

[Naked Truths About Mormonism (April 1888): 1., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Rogers Statement]

140 years ago today - May 16, 1882

[Wilford Woodruff]

John Parry Died to day Master Mason of Logan Temple.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 16, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

16 There was 119 Endowments & 37 Elders ordained. D H Cannon sealed 16 Couple J D. T. McAllister 30 Couple and gave two second Anointing and Adopted 8. I thought I was poisond to death to day with a tea made of Indian root which was recommended good for my lungs. After swallowing 3 tea spoonfulls I turned deadly sick for two hours. I felt as though I would die. I drank sweet oil, No 6, and Cayenne pepper tea which finally eased my distress. There was quite a Change Came over my whole system in the Evening. I rested well through the night. Br George Jarvis watched with me for several nights.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 16, 1852. Sunday.

[William Clayton]

At 2 o clock D. B. Huntington talked to the Indians who live in this neighborhood. He told them to quite stealing from the Mormons and go to work as Mormons do. He told them to cease killing Indians told them the doctrine of baptism hinted at the resurrection, and told them that God made the land for Mormons as well as them. He advised them to cease trading children to the Spaniards, but if the[y] will trade children let the Mormons have them that they may be taught to read and write and be clothed like Mormons are. If they will go to work as Mormons do, in a while they will have cattle and houses and wagons as the Mormons have.

Canosha their chief replied, that he heard what has been said and it is good and they will do it. They will not Rile any more, nor steal from the Mormons but will go to work. He says, when they see the Mormons eat cattle and they are hungry it is hard work to keep from Killing them, but they will Kill no more. They appeared pleased with the conversation.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - May 16, 1847

William Clayton writes, "About noon today Brother Appleton Harmon completed the machinery on the wagon called a 'roadometer' by adding a wheel to revolve once in ten miles, showing each mile and also each quarter mile we travel, and then casing the whole over so as to secure it from the weather. We are now prepared to tell accurately the distance we travel from day to day, which will supercede the idea of guessing, and be a satisfaction not only to this Camp, but to all who hereafter travel this way." Earlier Clayton was upset that Harmon had been "trying to have it understood that he invented the machinery" rather than simply having constructed it following Clayton's and Orson Pratt's instructions.

180 years ago today - May 16, 1842

Former assistant president John C. Bennett resigns as mayor, is disfellowshipped on 25 May, and expelled as a Mason by 16 June. An order of excommunication is drawn up on 11 May but not published until 23 June.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

180 years ago today - May 16, 1842

Joseph publishes facsimile No. 3 from the Book of Abraham on the front page of the Times and Seasons.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

105 years ago today - May 15, 1917

Closing date to enter the Presiding Bishopric's contest: "With a view of stimulating the production of foodstuffs which may be badly needed in these war times,.the Trustee-in-Trust offers to any ward quorum of the priesthood, or any ward Relief Society, Young Men's or Young Ladies' Mutual Improvement Association, Sunday School, Primary Association or Religion Class, for the best yield from one acre of potatoes, $1,000; for the second best, $500; third best, $250; and for the best yield from five acres of spring wheat, $1,000; for second best, $500; third best, $250."

140 years ago today - May 15, 1882

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 I received a letter from A. F. McDonald. Sister Hamblin Called and asked some advice.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 15, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

15th There was 701 Baptized to day for the dead. J D T McAllister sealed 1 Couple. I was vary weak through the day. Rested well at night.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - May 15, 1872

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 I spent the day Making fence.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

Returns to Salt Lake City

[Kenney, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah, http://bit.ly/wwjournal]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 We drove to Lehi and dined. We then drove to Great salt Lake City and there met with a warm reception by meeting with Ten thousand Men, women & Children parraded in the street with there banners a flying bareing mottoes. It was a glorious Sight. 55 M.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 15, 1862 - Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Thursday, May 15th, 1862. I slept very soundly all night and felt much refreshed this morning. There was more motion than there had been and it affected me to unpleasantly to a slight extent. I was able to eat a light breakfast. We came in sight of Queenstown a few minutes after 11 a.m. and dropped anchor about 1/2 past 11. This harbor is most beautiful and the surrounding country presents a very fine appearance. The surface of the bay is as smooth as glass and everything is pleasing to look upon. There are a number of vessels lying at anchor in the harbor. This place, until the Queen's visit to Ireland, was called the Cove of Cork. She landed here, and it changed its name and since then it has grown into an importance which it previously did not possess. Cork is 10 miles up the river. We expect to remain here until nearly 4 p.m. I wrote a long letter to Elizabeth. Loaded all the steerage passengers we could carry and some more Cabin do.

I have been very sea-sick since we left Queenstown and was unable to eat on Friday and Saturday, the 16th and 17th. By lying down, when I wished to keep still, I was able to avoid vomiting; but if I attempted to sit or stand for during several days I was sure to be sick. As it was very stifling and oppressive in the State Room, I kept on deck as much as possible, and by walking constantly I was able to keep up. Bro. Rich was almost all the time well; he only missed one meal; but Bro's Lyman, Dame and Cousin George were very sick; Bro. Van Cott did not escape, though not as sick as the others named. Next to Bro. Rich, very much to my surprise and agreeable disappointment, I was the least sick. I missed but few meals and when able to sit down to the table my appetite was very hearty. From the time we left <the> Channel we had a constant head wind, blowing right in our teeth. Some of the time it was squally and very rough. The vessel behaved handsomely and evinced splendid staunch, sea-going qualities.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - May 15, 1862 - Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Thursday, May 15th, 1862. I slept very soundly all night and felt much refreshed this morning. There was more motion than there had been and it affected me [DEL: to] unpleasantly to a slight extent. I was able to eat a light breakfast. We came in sight of Queenstown a few minutes after 11 a.m. and dropped anchor about 1/2 past 11. This harbor is most beautiful and the surrounding country presents a very fine appearance. The surface of the bay is as smooth as glass and everything is pleasing to look upon. There are a number of vessels lying at anchor in the harbor. This place, until the Queen's visit to Ireland, was called the Cove of Cork. She landed here, and it changed its name and since then it has grown into an importance which it previously did not possess. Cork is 10 miles up the river. We expect to remain here until nearly 4 p.m. I wrote a long letter to Elizabeth. Loaded all the steerage passengers we could carry and some more Cabin do.

I have been very sea-sick since we left Queenstown and was unable to eat on Friday and Saturday, the 16th and 17th. By lying down, when I wished to keep still, I was able to avoid vomiting; but if I attempted to sit or stand [DEL: for] during several days I was sure to be sick. As it was very stifling and oppressive in the State Room, I kept on deck as much as possible, and by walking constantly I was able to keep up. Bro. Rich was almost all the time well; he only missed one meal; but Bro's Lyman, Dame and Cousin George were very sick; Bro. Van Cott did not escape, though not as sick as the others named. Next to Bro. Rich, very much to my surprise and agreeable disappointment, I was the least sick. I missed but few meals and when able to sit down to the table my appetite was very hearty. From the time we left .the. Channel we had a constant head wind, blowing right in our teeth. Some of the time it was squally and very rough. The vessel behaved handsomely and evinced splendid staunch, sea-going qualities.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852. Saturday.

[William Clayton]

At 20 minutes to 2 P.M. we arrived and halted on Corn Creek, having travelled 21 1/4 miles. A number of the Pauvan Indians were here to beg, and wanted to trade a female child for a gun and two blankets, but none of the brethren appeared disposed to give as much.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852 - Saturday

[George Q. Cannon]

There had been a woman baptised who belonged to the <other> Church; she called upon Bros. Napela and Uaua to administer to her for her disease which was something resembling dropsy [edema]—she tried various remedies but without any benefit—she was willing to covenant that she would forsake her sins and be baptised—they done according and the swelling left her and she was baptised. She attended meeting last Sunday; and afterwards made remarks derogatory to the work, and her swelling returned.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852 (Saturday)

Wm. Willes reported 189 members of the Church in Calcutta and vicinity, India, of whom 170 were "Ryots," who previously professed Christianity.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - May 15, 1842

[Wilford Woodruff]

Vengance is mine. I will repay saith The Lord.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 15, 1842

[Wilford Woodruff]

May 15th 1842 Sunday True information has just reached us that the Noted Governor Boggs of Missouri who By his orders expeled ten thousand Latter Day Saints, Has just Been assassinated in his own house & fallen in his own Blood. Three Ball wer shot through his head two through his Brains & one through his mouth, tongue & throat. Thus this ungodly wretch has fallen in the midst of his iniquity & the vengance of God has overtaken him at last & he has met his Just deserts though by an unknown hand.... Thus Boggs hath died as a fool dieth & gone to his place to receive the reward of his works.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - 1842 by mid-May

[Hyrum Smith]

Becomes master pro tem of the Nauvoo Masonic Lodge.

[Jeffrey S. O'Driscoll, Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, A Brief Chronology of the Life of Hyrum Smith: 1800-1844]

10 years ago today - May 14, 2012

There is public criticism in the Netherlands of the Mormon practice of baptism by proxy after a Dutch newspaper revealed May 9 that several members of the royal family were posthumously "baptized" into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, colloquially known as the Mormon church.

The daily newspaper Trouw quoted unpublished documents in the Mormon church's global genealogical database that show the late Queen Juliana, her husband Prince Bernhard and Queen Beatrix's late husband Prince Claus were all baptized as Mormons after their deaths.

[The Christian Century]

45 years ago today - May 14, 1977

Aaronic Priesthood and Young women changed to simply Young Men and Young women, and a General Presidencies of each program reinstated.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

45 years ago today - May 14, 1977

A bishops central storehouse, the second in the Church and first outside of Salt Lake City, opened at Colton, Calif.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

70 years ago today - May 14, 1952

[J. Reuben Clark]

[In conversation with F. B. Whitman, president of Western Pacific R.R. regarding a replacement on the board of directors:] ... President Clark said he thought his course was the wisest one, that apparently from what he said, they are in the situation where if the Jews once get in they might control the whole situation. Mr. Whitman said he was not too disturbed about that, but he was watching it. President Clark said that he did not see how they could avoid putting Weismann on, if he could force it [by virtue of his stock control], that he thought his plan was wise, that they not increase the Directors at the time, but they might later. Mr. Whitman said he was not too disturbed about getting the Jews on, but Pres. Clark said he would be greatly disturbed about it.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

180 years ago today - May 14, 1842 - Saturday

[Joseph Smith]

Saturday 14. City council. Advocated strongly the necessity of some active measures being taken to suppress. houses & acts of infamy in the city; for the protection of the innocent & virtuous— & good of public morals shewing clearly that there were certain characters in the place who were dis posed to corrupt the morals & chastity of our citizens & that houses of infamy did exist.— upon which a city ordinance was passed to prohibit such things & published in this days wasp.— <I> Also. spoke Largely for the repeal of the Laws ordinances of the City Licen[s]ing. Merchents. Hawkers Tavern & Ordinaries. desiring that this might be a free people. & enjoy equal rights & Priviliges. & the ordinan[c]es were repealed.— ...T his day it was first hinted in Nauvoo that Ex govenor [Lilburn W.] Boggs of Missouri had been shot.

[Joseph Smith, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842 in "The Book of the Law of the Lord," Record Book, 1841–1845]

180 years ago today - May 14, 1842

Nauvoo endowment introduces same grips, tokens, signs, and penalties as the Masonic ceremony except one.

[David Buerger, Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship, Chapter 3: Joseph Smith's Ritual]