10 years ago today - Nov 12, 2008

San Diegans protested outside the Mormon Temple near La Jolla, angered over reports that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints contributed millions in support of Prop 8. The Mormon Church released a statement saying, in part, "It is wrong to target the church and its sacred places of worship for being part of the Democratic process."

[Prop 8 Timeline, NBC San Diego, http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/politics/Proposition-8-Timeline-History-California--138796454.html]

75 years ago today - Nov 12, 1943

[George Albert Smith] Dreamed I was with [apostle] R[ichard] R L[yman] in his car. ... Went to Temple at 2 10 of 12 Present Including R[ichard]. R. L[yman]. [Charles A.] Callis & [Ezra Taft] Benson absent. Charges [of adultry] admitted by Richard. A sad occasion He made no defense admitted more than known before. I am shocked and grieved. R[ichard]. R. seemed not to realize his wrong. All brethren in tears. Excommunicated R[ichard]. R. Decided to publish notice in [Deseret] News.

[Spencer W. Kimball] It was a terrible experience that came to me today. I think I can never forget the scene. We were called to a special meeting of the Council of the Twelve Apostles. Earlier in the day when I asked Bro[ther]. Lee if it was a report meeting he solemnly told me that it was not and that I should get my feet firmly on the ground anticipating it. The next two hours were filled with wonder and fear. ... The slow, deliberate and saddened approach of some of the brethren as they came to the Temple presaged something ominous was ahead of us. As soon as we were all seated the meeting was called to order and announcement was made by Pres[ident]. George Albert Smith who was almost overcome, that there was a very serious charge against one of our brethren. He then directed that the charge be read. Our hearts stood still as we heard that Richard R. Lyman, for 26 years a member of the Council of the Twelve was accused of immorality. His written confession was read and he being present did not deny the accusation nor the confession. He told also of the situations. He had little to say. He was as pale as could be. He minimized his act and seemed to feel that it should be overlooked but showed no repentance and no expressed sorrow for his sin. He tried to link his sin with polygamy but the evidence gave no corroboration to the story. It was a terrible ordeal. To see great men such as the members of this quorum all in tears, some sobbing, all shocked, stunned by the impact was an unforgettable sight! No tears from him but plenty from the rest of us and what a heart-rending experience. After considerable discussion a motion was made, seconded and we voted unanimously to excommunicate him from the Church. When he retired he said goodbye and shook hands with each of us and left the Temple, his quorum, his Church. Still stunned almost beyond recovery, the members seemed to be yet unable to believe the terrible truth.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015; Spencer W. Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Nov 12, 1888

Jacob Spori is appointed the first principal (president) of the Fremont or Bannock Stake Academy (the forerunner to Ricks College, later BYU-I) in Rexburg, Idaho.

160 years ago today - Nov 12, 1858

Brother Wall related a Circumstance of an officer of the Armey who ask him if he was a Mormon. Yes. I suppose you are an out & in mormon Just as it suits you? I am a thorough mormon. I believe in all their principles. What poligamy and all? Yes. How many wives have you? I have three & Twelve Children. How do you suppose those Children will look upon you when they get Grown up? I will tell you how they will look upon me. They will point to me & say theire is my Father who has raised me fed, Clothed & Educated me and owned me through persecution oppression & scorn and I will own honor & obey him, while your Children at Fort Levensworths St Louis & all places whare you have been which you will not own nor provide for they will not own you & their mothers will point to you as they see you pass & will say there is your father but dont say a word about it for the world. Those Children will both Hate & despise you & the vary Ground upon which you tread. Capt Wolf replied scratching his head By … that is true but I never looked upon it in that light. [The ellipses are Woodruff's.]

"What would you do if the Government should give orders to put you to death if you did not put away your wives? I would take my wives & children & go to some secluded spot of Earth whare I Could enjoy my wives & Children & liberty. "What if the Government should pounce onto you & not give you the privilege? Then I would take my family into the mountains & I would fight you over evry hill & dale as long as I lived. Capt Woolf replyed I will not shoot at you.

Capt Woolf said Governor Young ought to be the next President for He is the smartest man in the United States. He has been playing a game of Ucre with the United States and has beat them. He had gained five points while the United States has ownly had a march & he ought to be president & I would vote for him.

The man who was a waggon master of the train which Lot Smith burned said Capt Smith & his men were Gentlemen. It was the best thing for me & your people that Could have been done. It released me & sent me back to the States or I should have suffered with the rest in the mountains And it was well for the mormons for if this train had not been burned the Armey would probably have pushed on had a fight & blood been spiled.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Nov 12, 1848

Oliver Cowdery: Rebaptized by Orson Hyde 12 November 1848 at Kanesville, Iowa.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Nov 12, 1843

[Anointed Quorum]
Sunday evening prayer Circle; second anointing "at S.E. Room, Joseph's old house" for Reynolds and Thirza Cahoon, and for Lucy Mack (Smith) and her deceased husband Joseph, Sr., by proxy, .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Nov 12, 1838

Judge Austin A. King holds a court of inquiry on the so-called Mormon War in Missouri. Following the hearing, some sixty-four Mormon defendants are examined. Five (including Parley P. Pratt) are committed to the Richmond Jail, and six (Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, and Alexander McRae) are committed to the Liberty Jail while they await further trial.

10 years ago today - 10 years ago - Nov 11, 2008

Holocaust survivors said they are through trying to negotiate with the Mormon church over posthumous baptisms of Jews killed in Nazi concentration camps, saying the church has repeatedly violated a 13-year-old agreement barring the practice. Leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints say they are making changes to their massive genealogical database to make it more difficult for names of Holocaust victims to be entered for posthumous baptism by proxy, a rite that has been a common Mormon practice for more than a century.

But Ernest Michel, honorary chairman of the American Gathering of Holocaust Survivors, said that is not enough. "We ask you to respect us and our Judaism just as we respect your religion," Michel said in a statement. "We ask you to leave our six million Jews, all victims of the Holocaust, alone, they suffered enough." Posthumous baptism by proxy allows faithful Mormons to have their ancestors baptized into the 178-year-old church, which they believe reunites families in the afterlife.

[washingtonpost.com, "Jewish Group Exhorts Mormons"; A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

70 years ago today - 70 years ago - Nov 11, 1948

Belle Smith Spafford, general president of the Relief Society, is elected vice-president of the National Council of Women. Subsequent LDS vice-presidents are Florence Smith Jacobson, formerly the general president of LDS Young Women (1974) and Elaine Anderson Cannon, general president of the Young Women (1982).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - 75 years ago - Nov 11, 1943

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
At 6 p.m. I was engaged with Brother Harold B. Lee and others including officers of the law which resulted in bringing charges against [apostle] Richard R. Lyman of a most serious nature [adultry].

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Nov 11, 1903

[Marriner W. Merrill]
We had our family Reunion, 35 of my own children present and 126 grandchildren ... this being the 50th anniversary of our wedding day caused the occasion.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Nov. 11-28, 1838

Over 50 Latter-day Saint prisoners are kept in the Richmond jail, chained together in an unroofed courthouse. Sidney Rigdon gets very sick from exposure and loses his powers of reasoning. One night during this time the guards blaspheme and boast about their treatment, rapings, and murder of the Saints, and Joseph arises in his chains and rebukes the guards with might and power, causing them to quail and beg before him.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - Nov 10, 2008

Jewish group wants Mormons to stop proxy baptisms

NEW YORK - Holocaust survivors said Monday they were abandoning negotiations with the Mormon church over its posthumous baptisms of Jews who were killed in Nazi death camps.

Survivors claim elders of the Salt Lake City-based Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints have refused to systemically search for and remove the names of Holocaust victims from their master genealogical database and have failed to prevent "zealots" from adding thousands of new Jewish names to the list in recent years - including thousands lifted from Yizkor books of Jews massacred at Berdichev in Ukraine.

"We are not going to continue meeting with the Mormon Church," said Auschwitz survivor Ernest Michel, head of the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, who has spearheaded efforts to scrub the Mormon lists since discovering in the 1990s that his parents were among 380,000 Holocaust victims having been baptized into the Christian faith.

Gary Motokoff, a Jewish genealogist who participated in meetings with Mormon leaders, described the negotiations as "fruitless." ...

["Jewish group wants Mormons to stop proxy baptisms, "Allison Hoffman, Jerusalem Post Correspondent, New York, THE JERUSALEM POST; A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

95 years ago today - Nov 10, 1923

Relief Societies across North America collect and repair clothes and shoes, to ease the distress the Latter-day Saints in Germany were facing, after World War 1.

[Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, United Kingdom, "On This Day," https://www.lds.org.uk/show_oda.php]

115 years ago today - Tuesday, Nov 10, 1903

[John Henry Smith]
Word was received to night a writ had been issued to arrest heber J. Grant before he leaves for his mission. He left tonight.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

125 years ago today - Nov 10, 1893

[Franklin D. Richards]
Bro[ther]. John Rushton favored me with a view of the 'Seer Stone' which he became possessed of in Nauvoo [Illinois] & related how & where he found it. Says it is part of one of the stones that Jared's brother 'Mahonri Moriancumr' asked the Lord to touch that theymight give light to those in the Barges while they should cross the Sea.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Nov 10, 1888 (Saturday)

In the First District Court, at Provo, William R. Webb, of American Fork, was sentenced by Judge Judd to 18 months' imprisonment, for adultery.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - Nov 10, 1873

[John D. T. McAllister]
... It is my desire to be buried in the garments and Robes of the Holy Priesthood, everything pertaining thereto properly made and put on my body. [I] do not want any extravagance, a medium coffin[,] no expense for funeral clothing such as the gentiles mourn in. [I] would like my Brethren of the Priesthood to dictate [to] my family in this matter, and see me buried as I ought to be, that my body can rest in peace. [I] do not want my coffin short or too long, deep enough to lay in without mashing my nose, and cramping my arms or crushing my stomach, a good strong one that it will hold together. I pray that I may so live that the Holy Priesthood will feel it a pleasure to put me away, and a pleasure to receive me in their society in the morning of the glorious resurrection.

[John D. T. McAllister, statement dated Nov. 10, 1873, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

180 years ago today - Nov 10, 1838

The other 56 prisoners are put in Richmond jail with Joseph and his fellow prisoners. Joseph learns that during the mobbings about 30 Saints were killed, many more were wounded, 100 are missing, and approximately 60 prisoners are waiting trial at Richmond for an unknown charge. In Adam-ondi-Ahman a three-day board of inquiry concludes, Adam Black having been judge, and all Saints are honorably acquitted. General Wilson orders every family out of Adam-ondi-Ahman within ten days. He gives them permission to go to Caldwell County until spring, but says they must leave the state by then or be exterminated.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - 11/9/2008

Peaceful protesters gather in front of the Oakland temple [after passage of Prop-8].

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

40 years ago today - Nov 9, 1978

Latter-day Saints missionaries enter the African republic of Nigeria for the first time.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

75 years ago today - Nov 9, 1943

[George Albert Smith]
R[ichard] R Lyman called to my attention. Shocked. [It was discovered that Apostle Lyman was having an affair with another woman.]

[George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

80 years ago today - Nov 9, 1938

Nazis in Germany being Kristallnacht ("Night of Broken Glass") in which they pillage Jewish businesses, burn synagogues, and arrest thousands of Jews. Max Reschke, a non-Jewish Mormon in Hannover, rescues some Jewish friends from armed guards and helps the family escape to Switzerland. However, as an example of the polarization of German Mormons about "the Jewish question," one Hamburg branch president prohibits Jewish Mormons from attending LDS services, while another Hamburg branch welcomes these rejected Mromons, defies the Gestapo (Nazi secret police), and give religious encouragement to a Jewish Mormon who refuses to wear the yellow Star of David. Later imprisoned for hiding a Jew in his home, Reschke survives the Nazi regime.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Thurs., Nov 9, 1893

[Abraham H. Cannon]
Pres. Woodruff told of himself and David Patten being in Tennessee on a mission. While there Bro. Patten had a journey of 40 miles to make one day, but when he went out to get the mule he had procured for this labor, he was on the ground nearly dead with the colic. Bro. Patten said: "See here, old fellow, this won't do! You have got to carry me 40 miles today, and with these words he stepped up to the animal, laid his hands on the animal, and blessed him. The mule immediately arose, and made the journey. Pres. Woodruff said that was the only time in his life when his faith had been tried, but he thought it strange for an Elder to administer to a mule, and thus do what seemed sacrilege in his mind at that time.

Bro. Joseph F. Smith told of his mother having one of her oxen become sick when she was coming to the valley with her family. The captain of the company said the animal would die, but she got out a bottle of consecrated oil, and got two of the brethren to administer to the ox, and it recovered.

Father also had one of his cattle healed by the laying on of hands by himself. The animal accidentally got its leg badly hurt, and it looked as though it could no more travel, but Father slipped out after dark and administered to it, and it recovered and made the journey home.

Bro. J. F. Smith told about David Patten having seen and walked with Cain. Cain is described as being a very large man, his head being even with that of David Patten when the latter was seated on his animal. I always entertained the idea that Cain was dead, but my attention was called to the passage of scripture concerning the curse of God which should fall upon whoever should slay Cain. I supposed this meant whoever should kill his seed.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

150 years ago today - Nov 9, 1868

Unable to work with the grand Lodge of Nevada over Mormon admittence to lodges, Obed F. Strickland and Reuben H. Robertson, looked elsewhere for authorization. They applied, unsuccessfully, to Colorado and Montana. Finally, they turned to Kansas and received a dispensation, and later a charter on 9 November 1868. This aroused nationwide criticism for the Kansas Grand Lodge, but the furor subsided.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Freemasonry in Utah, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

160 years ago today - Nov 9, 1858

On 9 November 1858, amid gun fire and patriotic music, the soldiers of Camp Floyd, Utah Territory, raised the United States flag above their newly completed garrison. Named for Secretary of War, John B. Floyd, the post housed the largest concentration of U.S. troops to that time, in what immediately became the third largest city in Utah.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Camp Floyd, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

165 years ago today - Nov 9, 1853

[Patriarchal Blessing of Sophia Pollard] ... You shall have faith to heal the sick in your own house and among your sex ... [you] shall live to see the winding up scene, see your Redeemer descend in the clouds of heaven, fly to meet him in the cloud and enjoy all the blessings and glories of his Kingdom with all your father's house. Even so, Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

180 years ago today - Nov 9, 1838

Joseph Smith and fellow prisoners arrived at Richmond, MO, and put in chains. Joseph rebuked guards.

[Ludlow, Daniel H. editor, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan Publishing, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History, http://amzn.to/eG0DIp]

25 years ago today - Nov 08, 1993

The First Presidency announces TempleReady, a software program designed to speed up the process of clearing names obtained from family history research for temple work. Also, "A Member's Guide to Temple and Family History Work" is introduced to general and local Church officers.

80 years ago today - Nov 8, 1938

Culbert L. Olson is elected Calfornia's governor, the first Mormon governor outside the state of Utah. Other governors with a Mormon background: Idaho's Arnold Williams (1945-47), California's Goodwin J. Knight (1953-59), American Samoa's H. Rex Lee (1961-67), Michigan's George W. Romney (1963-69), Idaho's John V. Evans (1977-87), Arizona's Evan Mecham (1987-88), and Massachusettes' Willard Mitt Romney (2003-07). Knight does not claim Mormonism as a politician, and in 1952 the Church News retracts its statement that he is an LDS governor. LDS Luis Alberto Ferrizo is elected to Uruguay's equivalent of governor (1990), and Jien-Nien Chen is elected as governor in Taiwan (1993).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

80 years ago today - Nov 8, 1938

[George F. Richards]
Last night I had a remarkable dream which left upon my mind a good and wonderful impression. I dreamed that I and a number of other men of non German extraction were gathered in a group for some unexplained purpose where were the German Keiser or Ruler, no name attached, and a number of uniformed German soldiers. They seemed to be engaged in sharpening their swords and otherwise preparing for war or executions or something of the sort. They fell in line and marched round in a large circle. Then we non Germans were marched in a smaller circle before them, and as they marched one after another chopped out of the circle and I was one of them. If it was for execution or what not I did not know, but I walked straight toward the Keiser who was sitting apart from the other soldiers. He seemed to be well uniformed and a very dignified personage. I addressed him as if I had an appeal to make to him though I had no fear, and he gave me attentive audience. While I do not remember the exact words I used and I do not remember that he said a word, I addressed him as follows. I am your brother. In the Spirit world you were a son of God. I also was His Son. We lived together in the same heavenly family. We loved each other as brothers. As I spoke feelingly and deliberately, I seemed to feel that his feelings were touched so that he believed my words, and that [he] believed and felt as I did a real brotherly love for one another. It became so intense that we embraced each other and kissed each other on the lips a brotherly kiss or kiss of affection. Then I saw these soldiers marching again, and the Keiser stepped out of line as he passed, and again kissed me on the lips. This ended the dream, and I was left with the thoughts, Why can we not feel thus toward all men for we are really and truly brothers. I was made to realize as never before that the commandment to love our neighbor as ourselves and to even love our enemies is possible and the command is consistent. Were we living together in such brotherhood, the Evil One would have no power to divide us, through bearing false witness, evil speaking, back-biting, exhagerating the weaknesses of others, cheating, stealing from another or any other unchristian like conduct towards others. We do not knowingly injure one we love.

[George F. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Nov 8, 1General

First Presidency and Twelve discuss a payment ranging from $10,000 to $25,000 to Frank Dyer, receiver in church suits. Dyer wanted $25,000 in compensation, and church leaders were afraid that not compensating him enough would result in further harassment of Mormons in the form of anti-polygamy law enforcement. Several of the brethren felt this requested compensation was a form of blackmail. Rumors suggest Dyer is compensating deputies for each arrest they make.

[First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Nov 8, 1888

[David H. Cannon]
In such sacred matters as second anointings it must be understood that those only who are quite aged, and whose life and labors in the Church entitles them to this blessing shall be recommended by the Presidency of the Stake... Wilford Woodruff to Charles Sperry, Oct. 24, ... if we see a person who we think is here to take another wife, we should not talk about it for there is [a] danger of him doing so. At the time the Tucker Edmunds bill became Law, President [John] McAllister sent me to Salt Lake City to see President [John] Taylor and learn what we should do as the penalties were very heavy for the person who performed an illegal Marriage and this class of cases would be illegal under this new law. The President of the Church said, There must be no more Plural Sealings in the Temple and we will leave the responsibility upon our enemies and I can give you my word that the instructions then given ha[ve] been faithfully carried out. Keep a correct Record of all the work you may do here today. ...

[David H. Cannon, Temple Minute Book, St. George, Nov. 8, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

175 years ago today - Nov 8, 1843

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Guardianship Announced -- Hyrum Smith -- announced that he has been appointed guardian of Joel Bulard of Nauvoo, who was considered by the court to be insane.


180 years ago today - Nov 8, 1838

General Wilson surrounds Adam-ondi-Ahman, Adam Black convenes a court of inquiry. Joseph and other prisoners in Independence start for Richmond with three guards who get drunk. Prisoners take their arms and horses but apparently do not attempt to escape.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

185 years ago today - Nov 8, 1833

[Joseph Capron (neighbor to the Smiths)]
... The family of Smiths held Joseph Jr. in high estimation on account of some supernatural power, which he was supposed to possess. This power he pretended to have received through the medium of a stone of peculiar quality. The stone was placed in a hat, in such a manner as to exclude all light, except that which emanated from the stone itself. This light of the stone, he pretended, enabled him to see any thing he wished. Accordingly he discovered ghosts, infernal spirits, mountains of gold and silver, and many other invaluable treasures deposited in the earth. He would often tell his neighbors of his wonderful discoveries, and urge them to embark in the money digging business. ...

The sapient Joseph discovered, north west of my house, a chest of gold watches; but, as they were in the possession of the evil spirit, it required skill and stratagem to obtain them. Accordingly, orders were given to stick a parcel of large stakes in the ground, several rods around, in a circular form. This was to be done directly over the spot where the treasures were deposited. A messenger was then sent to Palmyra to procure a polished sword: after which, Samuel F. Lawrence, with a drawn sword in his hand, marched around to guard any assault which his Satanic majesty might be disposed to make. Meantime, the rest of the company were busily employed in digging for the watches. ... the devil came off victorious, and carried away the watches. ...

[Eber D. Howe, Mormonism Unvailed (Painesville, Ohio: E. D. Howe, 1834), 258-60., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Capron Statement]

10 years ago today - 11/7/2008

[After passage of prop-8] Protesters march peacefully around Salt Lakes Temple Square

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

35 years ago today - Nov 7, 1983-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
This morning I went through a "live" endowment ceremony at the Salt Lake Temple. I went at the invitation of a very close friend [Brook Bowman] who wanted to go through for her own endowment and who wanted me to go through with her.

I was dismayed to find how little of the ceremony I remembered. It must have been years since I went through an endowment session. ... Certain things still irritated me. The repeated use of "It is well." Also the preoccupation with the signs of the penalty. Certain other things have now been eliminated, e.g., the elimination of the flaming sword, and the elimination of the Protestant hymn we always used to sing. I keep thinking that so many beautiful things could be said to make the ceremony more memorable and beautiful and substantive. I think of many people that I would not encourage to go through the temple, who would be turned off by it, who would not get the spiritual lift that it promises. The building is beautiful-the rooms, the paintings, the hallways, the woodwork and painting and art work. The uniform [white robes] impresses me as being quite Arabic-or perhaps ancient Greek. The hat, the robe, the apron, all look quite Greek, except for the length of the robe. The ceremony is also quite masonic, and could be improved to make it less so. Even the prayer circle, which I have remembered as a poignant moment in the ceremony, seemed this time to be mostly a preoccupation with ritual and ceremony, tokens and signs. The prayer seemed to be an afterthought, subsidiary to the principal part which was the performance of the various signs. I had remembered it as a splendid and intimate fellowship in which we joined hands in a solemn beseeching on behalf of the sick. It did not seem that way this time.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

160 years ago today - Nov 7, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
An opposition paper is being published in this City by Kirk Anderson. It is Called Kirk Andersons valley Tan. The first peace strikes out against Polygamy in Strong terms.

They are seting at liberty a thousand or more teamsters at Col Johnsons Camp which are filling our Cities & towns with rowdyism & Crime to get up a fuss with the Saints.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Nov 7, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]
Election. This day decides who is Elected President of the United States for the next four years to come. I have not cast A vote for A President since this nation Shed the Blood of the Prophets Joseph And Hiram Smith Neither do I expect to. I spent the day at home while most men went to the Election.

The Electric telegraph has become so perfect And universal through the United States that citizens of New York recieved the returns of many of the States of the Union before they did the returns of the City itself, And before the papers went to press next morning after the Election, returns had been recieved enough to show that Gen Taylor was Elected President of the United States by an overwhelming majority.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Nov 7, 1843

According to the NAUVOO NEIGHBOR (Nov 8) August Cobb Young's child, Brigham Cobb, dies at age 5 months. This was five days after her plural marriage to Brigham Young on November 2, 1843. Augusta was still legally married to the father, non-Mormon Henry Cobb.

[Nauvoo Neighbor (Nov 8)]

185 years ago today - Nov 7, 1833

[Parley P. Pratt]
"About two o'clock the next morning we were called up by the cry of signs in the heavens. We arose, and to our great astonishment all the firmament seemed enveloped in splendid fireworks, as if every star in the broad expanse had been hurled from its course, and sent lawless through the wilds of ether. Thousands of bright meteors were shooting through space in every direction, with long trains of light following in their course. This lasted for several hours, and was only closed by the dawn of the rising sun. Every heart was filled with joy at this majestic display of signs and wonders, showing the near approach of the coming of the Son of God."

[Autobiography of Parley Parker Prat, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

185 years ago today - Nov 7, 1833

The Saints are driven from Jackson County to Clay County, Ray County, Van Buren County (and from Van Buren County to Lafayette County). On both sides of the Missouri River, 1200 homeless Saints gather, destitute, camping out in tents.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

55 years ago today - Nov 6, 1963

Congressman Harding wrote that "prospects in the Church do look brighter with the assignment of Ezra Taft Benson to Europe."

[Ralph Harding to Richard D. Poll, 6 Nov. 1963. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

120 years ago today - Nov 6, 1898; Sunday

[Heber J. Grant]
... B H Roberts' reply to Gov[ernor]. [Heber M.] Wells in this morning's [Salt Lake] Herald disgusts me almost if not quite as much as the Governor's speech did. Politics is a good thing to have nothing to do with. ... I met Apostle Brigham Young [Jr.] ... and we chatted together on the political situation. He agreed with me perfectly that Bro[ther] Wells had made a great mistake and that Bro[ther] Roberts had done equally as bad in replying the way that he had. ...

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

160 years ago today - Nov 6, 1858

Kirk Anderson's Valley Tan begins in Great Salt Lake City – Deseret News' first opposition paper. It ran for 16 months.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

180 years ago today - Nov 6, 1838

General Clark addresses the Saints in Far West, telling them that it is only out of kindness that he is allowing them to leave the state instead of murdering them, and that "as for your leaders, do not once think—do not imagine for a moment—do not let it enter your mind that they will be delivered, or that you will see their faces again, for their fate is fixed—their die is cast—their doom is sealed." He then takes the new prisoners from Far West and heads for Richmond under a large guard.

The brethren were compelled to sign deeds of trust for paying the expense of the mob. About sixty men were retained as prisoners, and the remainder of the Saints ordered to leave the State, according to the exterminating order of Gov. Boggs.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

10 years ago today - 11/5/2008

[The day after Prop-8 passes] Proposition 8 opponents file the first lawsuits questioning the legality of the proposition's passge. Ruth Youth proclaim International Mormon Appreciation Day

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

105 years ago today - Nov 05, 1913

Ground is broken for the Alberta Temple (later the Cardston Alberta Temple), the first temple outside of the United States.

115 years ago today - Nov 5, 1903 (Thursday)

The authorities of the Church purchased the old Carthage jail in which the Prophet Joseph Smith and Patriarch Hyrum Smith were assassinated. The cost of the building and the grounds (two acres) was $4,000.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Nov 5, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
Elder Clawson said that he had been approached by a bishop who wanted to know the view of the council in regard to the Word of Wisdom, as to whether it was now binding upon the church as a commandment, as thus saith the Lord. Pres. Smith replied that it is so regarded. Benediction.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

115 years ago today - Nov 5, 1903; Thursday

[Anthony Ivins]
When someone wanted to move from one ward to another, they were supposed to obtain a "recommend" from their bishop indicating their standing in the church, which they could carry with them to their new bishop. The Deseret News Press had apparently just printed the new forms.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

175 years ago today - Nov 5, 1843

Joseph Smith becomes violently ill at dinner and assumes that his wife Emma has poisoned him due to her opposition to polygamy. At the prayer circle meeting that evening Joseph Smith accuses her, and Brigham Young regards her shocked silence as proof of her guilt.

[Joseph Smith Diary] [Joseph] Was taken suddenly sick at the dinner table. Went to the door and vomited /all [his] dinner/. [His] jaws [were] dislocated and raised fresh blood. Every symptom of poison. [several lines left blank]

Prayer Meeting eve at the Hall over the store. <Joseph did not dress [in robes of the priesthood, as customary], nor Emma> [several lines left blank]

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power;Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843-44, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

180 years ago today - Nov 5, 1838

Joseph and the other prisoners are kept under a small guard. Parley P. Pratt escapes; but fearing reprisals against Joseph and the others, he decides to return voluntarily. General Clark arrives in Far West to arrest 56 additional prisoners.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Nov 5, 1833

Early in the morning A. S. Gilbert, Isaac Morley, and John Corrill are taken to prison and shot at on the way. Rumors spread that Lt. Gov. Boggs is behind the mob. Rumors also spread that the three prisoners will be shot, and 100 Saints gather to protect them. Before a full-scale war breaks out, however, the Saints decide to surrender their arms if the Missourians also promise to disarm. The Mormons later discover that the leaders of these harassers seem to be Lt. Gov. Boggs, the Rev. Isaac McCoy, Judge S. D. Lucas, and almost every other local government official. In the evening of November 5 and 6 about 150 women and children flee to the prairie with only six men to protect them.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - 10 years ago - Nov 4, 2008

California voters adopted the constitutional amendment [Prop-8] outlawing same-sex marriage, overturning the state Supreme Court decision just months earlier giving gay couples the right to wed.

[Prop 8 Timeline, NBC San Diego, http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/politics/Proposition-8-Timeline-History-California--138796454.html]

120 years ago today - 120 years ago - Nov 4, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
Long chat with Pres Snow on the financial condition of the Church ... Called on John M. Cannon and had a chat with him in regard to N W Clayton's claim against [member of the Twelve] A[braham] H Cannon's estate. F M Lyman, J F Smith & Jas H. Moyle claim. chat with Bros Lyman & Smith and suggested that I arrange the payment of their donation to the Utah Loan and Trust Co. by their paying party and cancelling their claims against A H Cannon's Estate and they were glad to do this. I explained that John M. Cannon administrator was on hand to make an extra payment of 4000 to Ogden Bank on this basis.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Nov 4, 1838

If I do not meet you again in this life may God grant that we may somehow meet in heaven.- Letter to Emma from Carthage Jail

[The Temple Timeline (Masons, Ancient Temples, Garments and a Lot More), http://www.exploringmormonism.com/the-temple-timeline-masons-ancient-temples-garments-and-a-lot-more/]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Nov 4, 1838

General Clark arrives in Far West with 1600 men and 500 more on the way. (Six thousand men had thus visited Far West within a week, when it only had 500 men to defend it.) Clark forbids anyone to leave the city, and the starving Saints are forced to live on parched corn. Joseph and the other prisoners arrive in Independence. One lady asks which of the prisoners is the one the Saints worship as Lord and Savior. When Joseph replies that he is nothing but a man sent by Jesus Christ to preach the gospel, he is able to preach a sermon to the lady and the others, thus fulfilling his own prophecy of a few months previous that an elder would preach a sermon in Jackson County before the close of 1838.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - 185 years ago - Nov 4, 1833

In compliance with the Aug revelation, Mormons engage in their first war-like confrontation in the so-called "Battle of Blue River," near Independence, Missouri. Led by Book of Mormon witness David Whitmer, the Mormons kill two mobbers. Of the one Mormon death during battle, the official History of the Church calls Andrew Barber "the first direct martyr to the cause," despite the previous murder of missionary Brackenbury.

The mobs, 40 or 50 with guns, begin their destruction. They meet 30 Mormons, with 17 guns, led by David Whitmer. At sunset there is a battle, and two of the Missourians are killed (including one who had claimed, "With ten fellows, I will wade to my knees in blood, but that I will drive the Mormons from Jackson County"). Andrew Barber is also shot and dies the next day. Philo Dibble is wounded and lies dying for several days until Newel Knight administers to him; then Dibble immediately vomits up several quarts of blood and the bullet with which he was wounded. That evening the Gilbert and Whitney store is totally demolished, and several of the Saints are advised to go to jail, as that is the only safe place in town. Later that night, however, they return home.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

40 years ago today - Nov 3, 1978

Democratic president Jimmy Carter signs the repeal of the provision in the 1862 Morrill anti-polygamy law which prohibits the church from owning more than $50,000 worth of real estate in U.S. territory. LDS leaders ask Congressmen to enact this as a protection for the LDS temple in American Samoa, yet one of the bill's Democratic co-sponsors is Roman Catholic Dennis Deconcini of New Mexico.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Nov 3, 1908

George Reynolds is legally committed to the Utah Insane Asylum, the first Mormon general authority to be hospitalized in a mental institution. The previous June, the First Council of the Seventy recommended that Reynolds be sent to the Oregon "sanitarium" because of his "physical and mental condition." It is unknown if he actually spent time in the Portland asylum, but Reynolds is a patient in the Utah asylum until 7 Feb. 1909. He dies six months later.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - Nov 3, 1888

Apostles Francis M. Lyman and John W. Taylor begin meetings with members of Canada's parliament and cabinet and with Premier John A. Macdonald himself. Canadian government informs them that it doesn't care if Mormon settlers are polygamists, but a man can have only one wife in Canada. Apostles agree to this condition.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Nov 3, 1843 (Friday)

Knowlton F. Hanks, one of the missionaries to the Pacific Islands, died. He was the first Latter-day Saint Elder who died and was buried at sea.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Nov 3, 1838

Joseph prophesies to Parley P. Pratt: "The word of the Lord came to me last night that our lives should be given us, and that whatsoever we may suffer during this captivity, not one of our lives should be taken."

[Parley Parker Pratt, Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt 192; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - November 2

Mormons end services with "keys of the priesthood" prayer for the passage of Prop 8, an extremely unusual act that causes some controversy in congregations.

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

40 years ago today - Nov 2, 1978-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
... William R. [Palmer] was a close friend of J. Golden Kimball, who usually stopped at his home on the way south and back. On one occasion Elder Kimball was assigned to St. George, and complained in the pulpit about the hot weather. His complaints were so pointed and straightforward that the people were offended. The stake president wrote President [Heber J.] Grant and told him not to assign J. Golden to St. George Stake again because the people had been offended by his remarks about their climate. President Grant put it off as long as he could, for several years, and finally he couldn't avoid it any longer. In order not to offend Elder Kimball, he had to assign him to St. George Stake. Once again he was there in August. It was very hot and humid. He arose in stake conference, took off his coat, wiped his brow, and said, "I was told that you people were offended by the remarks I made the last time I was here about the hot weather. Well, I might say that I understated the situation. It is hotter than ever. I don't see how you all stand it. If I owned hell and St. George, I'd live in hell and rent out Washington County." When Elder Kimball stopped at Brother Palmer's home on the way back to Salt Lake, he told about this and said, "The people in St. George have no sense of humor. You can't joke with them about St. George."

The Palmers said that there was a certain teenage girl in Parowan where they grew up who began to play very loose with the boys. She was very permissive and promiscuous and rather took pride in helping the boys lose their virginity. After this had gone through several of the young men in Parowan, they got together and decided she'd have to go. It would go badly against them if she didn't. They drew straws among themselves to determine who would do away with her, and finally it was determined that a Chamberlain boy would have to do it. So he took her up to a place on the mountain and pushed her off. That's one of those faith-promoting stories which comes out of small Mormon towns-at least in folklore.

There was also a certain Indian figure that they remembered who always walked into town from the reservation in a slow manner involving sort of a swinging of the hips, and sort of bow-legged. They said there was an explanation for that. When he was younger he started playing loose sexually with the Indian wives and maidens. He was warned several times by the chief and elders of the tribe that he must stop, but he didn't. So finally one day they grabbed him, attached a wire to his scrotum, and attached the other end to a tree and let him swing loose. From that point on he walked bow-legged.

A third story relates to a prominent family in Parowan. The old man was an important Church official in the community, stake president or bishop or counselor or high councilman or something. Anyway, his daughter married a young man and the father-in-law, the Church official, noted on several occasions that the young man had stolen his water. That was something one did not do in Southern Utah where water is so scarce. He warned the young fellow and warned him, but for some reason he was persistent and continued to take the water without authorization or permission. One day when he was riding down the street, the father-in-law shot him in the leg; and so he limped the rest of his life from that wound.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

160 years ago today - Nov 2, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
President Young said while speaking of the Indian war that it was better for us not to fight them but feed them well treat them kindly & they would kill far less of our people & die much Faster themselves than they would to fight them & drive them to subsist upon their former living upon roots & herbs. ...

The Brethren then went to Willow Creek to Settle a Difficulty with Elder A Cordon the President & Bishop Dives. There were three or Four Charges brought against Brother Cordon but when they were all investigated they did not amount to any thing as a fault. All the Branch voted to sustain him as Presidet the Bishops Councellor for the men who accused him four of his accusers were cut off from the Church. The people did not like to vote for Bishop Dives unless he would go by the Council given him.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Nov 2, 1843

Nauvoo Masonic Lodge met to discuss the Grand Lodge's revocation of its dispensation. It voted to continue to meet and work as a lodge.

[Homer, Michael W., Joseph's Temples: The Dynamic Relationship between Freemasonry and Mormonism, Chronology]

175 years ago today - Nov 2, 1843

Brigham Young (aged 42) marriage to Augusta Adams (1802-1886) (aged 40) married to non-Mormon Henry Cobb (divorced in 1847) Young later married her son's ex-wife, Mary Van Cott Cobb (No. 51). Grandmother of architect Henry Ives Cobb.

Brigham Young (aged 42) marriage to Harriet Elizabeth Cook (1824-1898) (aged 19) first marriage 1 child.

Joseph has Brigham Young seal him to Brigham's fifty-six-year-old twice-widowed sister, Fanny Young Carr Murray. She is the stepmother of Heber C. Kimball's wife Vilate and apparently Joseph's last-married plural wife.

Fanny was already married to a living husband, Roswell Murray. Brigham Young reported the marriage of his sister to Joseph Smith in the Journal of Discourse:

"Now, don't talk to me; when I get into the celestial kingdom, if I ever get there, I shall request the privilege of being a ministering angel; that is the labor I wish to perform. I don't want any companion in that world; and if the Lord will make me a ministering angel, it is all I want." Joseph replied, "Sister, you talk very foolishly, you do not know what you will want." and then turned to Brigham, "Here, Brother Brigham, you seal this lady to me." Brigham said that Fanny submitted to Joseph's impromptu proposal and he "sealed her to him."

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives;Joseph Smith Polygamy Timeline, http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm;Journal of Discourses, vol. 16, pg. 166-167)]

180 years ago today - Nov 2, 1838

Sampson Avard is captured and begins to testify that Daniteism is an order from the Church. Joseph and the other prisoners are taken into town to bid a quick goodbye to their wives and children. The Saints are ordered to surrender all arms and sign away all possessions. Hyrum, who is very sick, is forced to march with the other prisoners. General S. D. Lucas writes the details of the conquest to Gov. Boggs. Prisoners are then put in covered wagons for a 60-mile journey to Independence, where they are to be sentenced.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Nov 2, 1833

The Saints in Independence move a half mile away from the city into the wilderness and camp there in groups of 30. Another mob attacks the Saints located on the Big Blue River, six miles from Independence. David Bennett, who has been sick in bed, is beaten terribly, and one of the mob receives a bullet in his thigh.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

100 years ago today - Nov 1, 1918

Joseph F. Smith dictates a "thus saith the Lord" revelation concerning the disbursement of tithing funds. This revelation is not presented to a meeting of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve until 8 Apr. 1943. Text available but never published or canonized.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

105 years ago today - Nov 1, 1913

[George F. Gibbs]
What are known as temple ages are 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys; that is, when boys and girls have attained these years they are eligible to receive their endowments, provided of course they bring to the temple regular temple recommends.

[George F. Gibbs, Letter to Mrs. M. E. Corbet, Nov. 1, 1913, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Nov 1, 1893

[John M. Whitaker]
The growing difference between President B. H. Roberts and the First Presidency represented by President F[rancis]. M. Lyman, as to which is greater the High Priest or the Seventy, Brother Roberts holding that the Seventy is an Apostle in authority, as held by Joseph Young First President of the Seventies when organized, is assuming a rather dangerous condition in their correspondence, Brother Lyman claiming opposite views, Brother Roberts says he will hold that his views are correct until the First Presidency settles the matter. Then there is another great question that has been brewing ever since statehood between Brother Roberts and Moses Thatcher, on the one hand and F[rancis]. M. Lyman and John Henry Smith on the other, on the question of Church and State, and the First Presidency having stated that all members of the Church have the perfect freedom to vote as they please on all political matters, and Brother Roberts and Thatcher are taking exceptions to what they call church influence, and some of the brethren interfering with the agency of members of the Church, while F[rancis]. M. Lyman, John Henry Smith and John Morgan are going around trying to get Democrats to become Republicians, or getting Democrats to vote for certain Republicans, and this has created a very bitter controversy increasing the differences already existing, and the Brethren are writing in the Press and saying many unkind things against the general Authorities interfering with members, and this is called church influence, and all this is boding no good for the church.

[John M. Whitaker, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

165 years ago today - Nov 1, 1853

First issue of British Mission's Journal of Discourses, most famous collection of Mormon sermons which had been published previously in Deseret News.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Nov 01, 1843

Joseph Smith republishes in the Times and Seasons an earlier 1831 revelation, which includes these commandments: Smith republishes condemnation of adultery. "Thou shalt not lie; he that lieth and will not repent shall be cast out. Thou shalt love thy wife with all thy heart, and shall cleave unto her and none else; and he that looketh upon a woman to lust after her, shall deny the faith, and shalt not have the spirit, and if he repents not he shall be cast out. Thou shalt not commit adultery; and he that commiteth adultery and repenteth not, shall be cast out but he that has committed adultery and repents with all his heart, and forsaketh it, and doeth it no more, thou shalt forgive; but if he doeth it again, he shall not be forgiven, but shall be cast out. Thou shalt not speak evil of thy neighbor, nor do him any harm. Thou knowest my laws concerning these things are given in my scriptures: he that sinneth and repenteth not, shall be cast out."

[Times and Seasons, Vol.4, No.24, p.369; Joseph Smith Polygamy Timeline, http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm]

175 years ago today - Nov 1, 1843

[Anointed Quorum]
Prayer circle at the Mansion House in the evening, "29 present," anointing and endowment for Mercy R. Fielding (Thompson Smith), Jennetta Richards (Richards), Leonora Cannon (Taylor), Mary Ann Angel (Young), and Vilate Murray (Kimball) . Mercy, Hyrum Smith's secret plural wife, is often confused in references to "Sis Fielding" with Hannah Greenwood (Fielding) whose husband would not join the quorum for five weeks. Emma Hale Smith performed the washings and anointings for the women.

Brigham Young records in his journal: "Mary A. young admited in to the piest orderer Priesthood"

This is the last known occasion in which Emma Smith performs the washing and anointing for women receiving the endowment ceremony.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power; Brigham Young Journal #3, typescript; Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Nov 1, 1838

Hyrum Smith and Amasa M. Lyman are added to the group of prisoners. A long court-martial is held, which lasts until midnight. During this time, the militia goes into various Mormon settlements, robbing, destroying, ransacking, and raping at will. After the court-martial, General Lucas orders Brigadier General Doniphan to "take Joseph Smith and the other prisoners into the public square of Far West, and shoot them at 9 o'clock tomorrow morning." Doniphan answers, "It is cold-blooded murder. I will not obey your order. . . . If you execute these men, I will hold you responsible before an earthly tribunal, so help me God." [Doniphan had previously been hired to be Smith's lawyer.]

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Nov 1, 1833

On this Friday night, a mob moves to attack the Colesville Branch, which is located on the prairie about 13 miles west of Independence. Two advance spies contact Parley P. Pratt and hit him on the head with their guns, drawing blood. The other Saints are aroused and capture these two, keeping them for the night. This causes the rest of the mob to postpone their attack. Violence breaks out against the Saints' homes in Independence. The home of A. S. Gilbert is destroyed. The Gilbert and Whitney store is destroyed; goods are thrown everywhere. Other houses are attacked and windows are broken, with Saints whipped and driven into the wilderness.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

195 years ago today - Nov 1, 1823

Alvin Smith, Joseph Smith's older brother, comes into the house in great pain. He is taken sick and dies 18 days later after an "emetic" administered by a local doctor substituting for the family doctor lodges in his digestive tract. This complicates things for Joseph as he claimed he had been instructed by an angel to bring Alvin to the Hill Cumorah to receive the plates.

210 years ago today - Nov 1, 1808

John Taylor, later the third President of the Church, is born in Milnthorpe, England.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]