30 years ago today - Jan 19, 1989

President-elect George Bush says that the Mormon Tabernacle Choir is "the nation's choir," when it performs at his inaugural gala. The choir performs again at his formal inauguration on 1/20/1989.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

140 years ago today - Jan 19, 1879

Patriarchal Blessing of Susan Elvira Martineau Johnson by Joel H. Johnson ... Messengers from behind the vail [veil] shall visit thee in times of sorrow and trial, and give thee counsel and comfort. ... Thou shalt live long upon the earth and when the ressurrection [resurrection] are given thou shalt be quickened. I seal upon thy head all the blessings that thy heart can conceive or desire, and seal thee up unto eternal lives with thy companion, to inherit thrones, powers and dominions, and come forth in the morning of the first resurrection shouldst thou fall asleep, with glory, immortality and eternal lives.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

160 years ago today - Jan 19, 1859

[Brigham Young] said If I had been President of the United States 7 years ago I would have disbanded all of the armey and expended the same amount of money in building a Navy of armed Steamers. I would have setled the Southern Mexico with americans & bought out the Mexicans & finally annexed it to the United States. ...

He also said I have found out of Late what I have said before that the British Government sent four regiments to Lake superior to stop the mormons from going into the British possessions & told the Govornor that England would support him with all the British force if necessary to keep the mormons from entering the British possessions.

President Young said we are here in these valley whare we shall stay untill the Lord shall lead us. We shall never be driven from these Mountains I do not believe.

Elder Hyde told a dream which He had a short time since. Thought that He was riding on a horse through a vast water like a roaring [...]terock. His horse had to wade in deep water one narrow strip of land in order to keep from Drowning but he got out safe.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jan 19, 1854

The official announcement adopting the Deseret Alphabet was made in the Deseret News.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

170 years ago today - Jan 19, 1849

A [patriarchal] blessing by John Smith, Patriarch, upon the head of Phebe Young ... the sick shall be healed under thy hands thou shalt have the ministering of Angels to comfort their heart in thine old age.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

40 years ago today - Jan 18, 1979

Utah law enforcement officers kill Mormon fundamentalist John Singer as a climax to the armed stand-off about the home schooling of his wives' children. To his adversaries Singer is shot while armed and resisting arrest. To his sympathizers he is a polygamy martyr, who is literally shot in the back as he flees the anti-polygamist Mormon police. Utah courts exonerate the police officers.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

55 years ago today - Jan 18, 1964

The Church News reports that LDS headquarters has donated $10,000 toward the construction of the John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts in Washington, D.C. In 1974, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir performs in the Kennedy Center with attendance by newly installed U.S. president Gerald R. Ford.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

65 years ago today - Jan 18, 1954

[J. Reuben Clark]
Pres. Jos. Fielding Smith'inquiry about adoption of Korean child by some woman and question if child had negro blood if it could be sealed in temple. Pres. Smith said that had never been done.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

175 years ago today - Jan 18, 1844

Senator (later President) James Buchanan introduced a resolution in the United States Senate that the United States be declared a Christian Nation and acknowledge Jesus Christ as America's Savior. The resolution was rejected, but many similar resolutions would be introduced during the following years, including at least one that would have amended the Constitution.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

175 years ago today - Jan 18, 1844

Patriarchal Blessing of Joel Hills Johnson ... Thou shalt have power to command the winds and the waves to ride upon the wings of wind so mighty and great shall be thy faith. The Lord shall give His angels charge over thee to deliver thee in time of danger and feed thee in time of famine; and thou shalt converse with them face to face as a man converseth with his friend. ... I seal thee up unto eternal life to inherit thrones, dominions, principalities and power to bring all thy children with thee in due time. If thou observe the Word of Wisdom and eternal life, all these blessings shall be thine. In the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - 1844: 18 January

Patriarchal blessing of Susan Johnson Given by John Smith

"... Thou shalt have that portion of the Priesthood in thy companion that he holds, and power to drive the destroyer from thy house when thy companion is not present to assist thee. Length of days in thy right hand and in thy left riches and honor, I seal all the blessings upon thee enjoyed by thy companion and also with him seal thee up unto Eternal life ...

[Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

35 years ago today - Jan 17, 1984-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Elder [Mark E.] Petersen ... wrote editorials for 53 years. According to my understanding he has written all, or nearly all of the editorials in the Church News. Who will write them now? Will their character change? People are beginning to speculate about the vacancy on the Twelve. There has existed one vacancy since LeGrande Richards died [in January 1983]. Now there are two. If they couldn't fill the vacancy of Elder Richards because President [Spencer W.] Kimball was not able to do it, [[Kimball's health was failing. His son noted that "his words nearly always came out wrong and he almost stopped trying to talk." Kimball, Lengthen Your Stride, 614.]] will they be forced to fill both of them now? Who will write editorials for the Church News? Who will direct the church exhibits? Who will direct missionary work? Elder Petersen had enormous influence in many directions. Who will take over his work?

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - Jan 17, 1974

The ROLLING STONE publishes an article "The Mormon Word: No Hair, Sex or 3 Dog Night" which tells of the ASBYU Social Office's cancellation of a scheduled appearance by the group "Three Dog Night" immediately after a conference address by Boyd K. Packer. The article quotes Mark Alexander, BYU social vice-president: "In light of Elder Packer's talk, we are taking a closer look at the groups we are booking, and we are making sure we are in harmony with church standards". In the previous Oct General Conference, Packer referred to the "shabbiness, the irreverence, the immorality, and the addictions" associated with many contemporary entertainers, and intimated that the music itself was inherently evil.

65 years ago today - Jan 17, 1954

David O. McKay tells a meeting of LDS missionaries in South Aftrica that he wanted to ordain an African-American in 1921 but that is not possible "until the Lord gives us another revelation changing this practice." McKay acknowledges two exceptions to this policy: one African-American (Elijah Abel) received the priesthood during Joseph Smith's presidency and one other (identity unknown and probably myth) received the endowment during Brigham Young's presidency. However, McKay liberalizes the church's policy by no longer requiring priesthood eligibility to depend on the South African's ability to trace all his ancestral lines to Europe.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

80 years ago today - Jan 17, 1939

[David O. McKay]
President George H. Robinson of the Bear Lake Stake called and considered the following questions:

1st: Where should the line be drawn in releasing or sustaining officers of the Church who are selling tobacco and beer?

Answer: Thus far tobacco has been considered a commodity that might be kept in stores and sold as other commodities, and an officer of the Church is not considered to be out of harmony who deals in that product.

With beer it is different'beer is intoxicating. No Stake Officer, member of a Bishopric, or President of a Quorum, or an officer in an auxiliary should be sustained who sells beer to young people.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

95 years ago today - Jan 17, 1924

More people arrive at the Salt Lake Temple to perform endowments than the temple can handle. People are turned away due to overcrowding.

120 years ago today - Jan 17, 1899; Tuesday

Presidents [Lorenzo] Snow and [George Q.] Cannon were called upon by Sister Susa Young Gates, who had received a communication from Mrs. May Wright Sewall, complimenting her on her recent address at the Women's meeting in Omaha [Nebraska], and inviting her to take a more active and a more prominent part in the proceedings of the next National Council of Women. The Presidency encouraged Sister Gates to accept Mrs. Sewall's invitation.

A number of small appropriations were made to cover various items of expense incurred by officers and members of the Church, mostly in the public interest.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Jan 17, 1894

[John M. Whitaker]
On the 17th day of January, an important meeting was held in the Assembly Room of the Temple by the First Presidency, the Twelve, the First Council of Seventy, at which President Wilford Woodruff made plain the rights of the Priesthood and the matter of ordaining Seventies was plainly settled. He stated that from now on no more Seventies will be made direct from the Elders Quorums, but as the Elders are set apart as missionaries, they will be ordained Seventies and sent forth as Seventies as that is their special calling to preach the gospel to all nations; he said that the brethren do not seem to appreciate the priesthood sufficiently, and greater care should be taken in ordaining men to the priesthood.

[John M. Whitaker, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

155 years ago today - Jan 17, 1864

Brigham Young informs the Twelve that he has received a letter from members in Hawaii that Hawaiian Mission Leader Walter M. Gibson "had ordained on the Island a Quorum of Twelve Apostles & Seventies & Bishops & High Priests &c. He Charged $100 for Ordaining the 12 each & $50 for 70, $5 for a Bishop $2.50 for a Bishops Councelor &c And He claimed all the Island to himself & said that Brigham Young had no dominion over those Islands And all his conduct is Accordingly. He has taken possession of the Island & takes from the Saints all they they raise & is playing the Tyrant over all the Saints on those Islands." Young sends a party headed by Ezra T. Benson and Lorenzo Snow to Hawaii to set things straight. Gibson is excommunicated in Jul.

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1844

Elizabeth Ann Whitney, wife of Bishop Newel K. Whitney gives birth to the first child, a girl whom Joseph Smith named Mary, born "heir to the Holy Priesthood and in the New and Everlasting Covenant in this dispensation."

10 years ago today - 1/16/2009

[Same-Sex Marriage]
Last of the amicus briefs are filed in the Proposition 8 constitutionality cases. Several indicate that Prop 8 supporters, including ProtectMarriage's legal counsel Andrew Pugno, intended that all same-sex marriages previously legally performed be nullified. Some briefs suggest those marriages could be turned into civil unions.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68;http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/courts/supreme/highprofile/prop8.htm]

40 years ago today - Jan 16, 1979-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
In the meeting this morning with Elder [G. Homer] Durham, he reported that he had started reading the "final" form of The Mormon Experience. ... He thought the chapter that might cause problems, if any, was the first chapter. If we could get people over the first chapter, then it would be downhill all the way. He was sure that many members of the Church, including ecclesiastical officials, "do not know enough about the historiography of the Joseph Smith period to appreciate what a contribution you have made in that chapter." The Church is very sensitive right now, he said, about the different accounts of the First Vision. You have handled it very well, but there will still be a few raised eyebrows about it, simply because the ecclesiastical officials are not well enough informed on the subject.

... He suggested that a copy which we might present to Elder [Boyd K.] Packer might be marked with a red pen at various places through the book to indicate that a modification at that point had been made because of his suggestions. He hoped we saved the copy that contains Elder Packer's suggestions and comments, and that we would go through the final volume and indicate changes made as the result of his suggestions. This would help him to realize the extent to which we had complied with his suggestions. Otherwise he might forget and think that he had made suggestions on certain things which we did

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

105 years ago today - Jan 16, 1914

[John Wolley]
Some months ago I met [apostle] Mat[t]hias F. Cowley on the street and he asked me if I was familiar with the Sealing Ceremony. I told him I was. He said: If any good man come to you don't turn them down. I believed from that statement that it was still proper that plural marriages be solemnized, and that President [Joseph F.] Smith had authorized Cowley to instruct me. Since that time I have married wives to [a number of men are listed].

[John W. Woolley, Affidavit, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jan 16, 1899; Monday

[Heber J. Grant]
My bump of self confidence is unusually large and therefor I have no doubt that notwithstanding my present financial distress I school live to yet be acknowledged as a financial success.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Jan 16, 1899; Monday

Presidents [Lorenzo] Snow and

[George Q.] Cannon at 1 P.M. were called upon by Brother James E. Talmage, in relation to his work "Articles of Faith", which is about to be published. A paper connected with it on the subject of the Holy Ghost had been submitted to President Snow for his consideration, and he now told Brother Talmage that he had read it, was very much pleased with it, and thought it might with propriety he made a part of the book. Brother Talmage then read a chapter on plural marriage, which it was decided not to publish in this work, which was being issued under Church auspices, lest it might be construed by our enemies as an attempt by the Church to propagate a belief in polygamy. The use made by local ministers in their reply to President Snow's recent communication to the New York World, of a paper advocating polygamy printed by Brother B. H. Roberts, editor of the Improvement Era, mentioned in this connection.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Jan 16, 1894

Presidency and apostles vote for church to pay $25,000 to Brigham Young Trust Company to act as the intermediary in making "a loan" to repay that amount of monies which Bishop Leonard G. Hardy has embezzled from Salt Lake County.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - Jan 16, 1889

[James E. Talmage]
Talmage delivers a lecture in the Sixth Ward meeting house on "Effects of Stimulants and Narcotics." ("Drinks and Narcotics," Deseret Weekly 38, no. 4 (19 Jan 1889): 97-101)

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

135 years ago today - Jan 16, 1884

Patriarchal Blessing of George Albert Smith by Zebedee Coltrin ... And thou shalt attain to all the blessings and sealing powers that shall be given in the holy temples of the Lord and thou shalt behold the Lord when he shall come in the clouds of heaven, and shall be enabled to do a great work upon the earth, both for the living and the dead, and shall assist in the redemption of thy father's house. And thou shalt become a mighty prophet in the midst of the sons of Zion. And the angels of the Lord shall administer unto you, and the choice blessings of the heavens shall rest upon you.

And thy posterity shall become great upon the earth, and the Holy Melchisedek Priesthood shall rest upon them throughout all their generations and thy sons shall become mighty men before the Lord, filled with the wisdom of the heavens, and many of them shall become prophets and apostles and shall dwell in the midst of the Zion of the Lord as their posterity shall become very great and they shall become kings and priests of the most high. And thy daughters shall become women of great renown and shall become the mothers of mighty men before the Lord, and shall dwell among the sanctified of the Lord, and shall become a vast multitude dwelling in the midst of the Zion of the Lord, and shall live and reign a thousand years upon the earth and unto thy generations there shall be no end.

And thou shalt be wrapt in the visions of the heavens ... for thou shalt become a mighty apostle in the church and kingdom of God upon the earth, for none of thy father's family shall have more power with God than thou shalt have, for none shall excel thee... And I now seal all of these blessings upon thy head, and [seal] thee up unto all the powers of exaltation of thrones and dominions, and powers of eternal lives in the name of the Lord, Jesus Christ, Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

140 years ago today - Jan 16, 1879

Editorial comment of LDS political newspaper, the Salt Lake Herald: "We question if seventy-six polygamous marriages have been solemnized in the Endowment house, this city, in a year, or even twice that period." In fact, during 1878, 113 men entered polygamous marriages in the Endowment House.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jan 16, 1844

An "Ordinance concerning the sale of Spirituous Liquors" is passed by the Nauvoo City Council. It states: "Be it ordained by the City Council of the city of Nauvoo. that the Mayor of this city is hereby authorized to sell said liquors in such quantities as he may deem expedient." The ordinance is signed by "Joseph Smith, Mayor."

175 years ago today - Jan 16, 1844

[Wilford Woodruff]
I had a pig in the sullar & I believe the devil got into him. He leaped out of the pen destroyed one Jar of Butter one Jar of lard scattered ashes all over the sullar & kapered about over the Corn. I gave him a dismissal from the sullar and never saw him afterwards.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jan 16, 1839

Lyman R Sherman: In a letter 16 Jan. 1839 First Presidency called Lyman R Sherman to replace the apostatized Orson Hyde in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, but Lyman R Sherman died before being ordained an apostle

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Jan 16, 1839

Joseph Smith, in Liberty jail, writes a letter to "Brothers H. C. Kimball and B. Young," including the post-script: "Appoint the oldest of those of the twelve who were first appointed to be the President of your Quorum." Joseph (who may have thought the balding Kimball was older than Young) does not name the president of the Quorum. But because Brigham Young is thirteen days older than Heber, and because the senior Apostle Lyman E. Johnson had left the church, Young becomes the president of the Quorum of the Twelve and the Prophet's successor as president of the church.

30 years ago today - Jan 15, 1989

The SALT LAKE TRIBUNE reports that ourgoing director of the Utah ACLU chapter Robyn Blumner had "a heightened understanding of the culture, leaving 250 more card-carrying ACLU members in the state" than when she had arrived. Blumner is quoted as saying that "Utah is a very special place. The thing that makes it so special is that there are more unsung heroes per capita here than probably any other state in the nation." She says she had been surprised by the complexity of the society, "I have never before lived in a place where one's religion so affected one's social choices, one's religion here seems to dictate the choice of friends, associates, activities and even business contacts. I find that disquieting."

50 years ago today - Jan 15, 1969

BYU president Ernest L. Wilkinson forwards three clippings from the UNIVERSE to his assistant, Stephen R. Covey, with a memo reading, "I wish you would take the time to prepare a careful answer to the letter published Jan 6, and we will find some way of getting it in the Universe under some student's name."

60 years ago today - Jan 15, 1959

BYU Studies begins publishing faith-promoting works of LDS scholarship, including articles, essays, and poetry on a variety of subjects.

95 years ago today - Jan 15, 1924

[James E. Talmage]
In the evening I went to Farmington and sat with the high council in an advisory capacity, in the case of Lorin C. Woolley. The man himself was not present, and according to statements made before the council his absence was premeditated and deliberate. ... There were three [witnesses] called, and each gave strong testimony, agreeing in every particular of importance, though no one of them had known that either of the others would be a witness, nor had they been together in connection with this case. Lorin C. Woolley, according to the evidence presented, has persistently given out and declared that President Heber J. Grant and others of the General Authorities (including myself, according to one witness) have violated the rule of the Church against plural marriage and have taken wives during the recent past. After a patient hearing, conducted in the form prescribed, Lorin C. Woolley was excommunicated from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

105 years ago today - Jan 15, 1914

[Heber J. Grant]
... F M Lyman's office.'He, Rudger Clawson & I met J. G. Kimball and chatted with regarding his sermon in Ensign Ward a week ago Sunday & counseled more thoughtful consideration as to the nature of his remarks.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jan 15, 1894

[Franklin D. Richards]
Last night in a dream I was shown distinctly that the people of Utah Territory were politically Democratic & that if their honest vote could be had it would so appear & that they had been counted out dishonestly by the Republican Commission.

[Diary Excerpts of Franklin D. Richards, 1887-1897, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Jan 15, 1884

Patriarchal Blessing of Lucy M. Smith [wife of George A. Smith, daughter of Josiah and Lucy M. Bean Smith] by Zebedee Coltrin ... thou shall attain unto all the blessings of eternal lives for thy reward shall be great in the heavens and thou shalt partake of all the sealing powers that shall be given in the holy temples of the Lord and thou shalt behold the Lord when he shall come to His temple ... and the angels of the Lord shall administer unto you for thou shall be a mighty prophetess in the midst of the daughters of Zion and thou shall be wrapped in the visions of the heavens and shall be clothed with salvation as with the garment and shall remain upon the earth until thou are satisfied with life ... I seal all these blessings upon thy head and thee unto all the powers of exaltation of thrones and dominions and powers of eternal lives in the morning of our Lord Jesus, Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

135 years ago - Monday, Jan. 14th, 1884

[Abraham H. Cannon]
"The Territorial legislature, composed entirely of monogamists, convened today."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

45 years ago today - Jan 14, 1974

The names of the stakes throughout the Church are changed to identify them uniformly with their geographical areas.

55 years ago today - Jan 14, 1964

Church subsidiary Wasatch Radio & Television Company purchases KIRO-TV and KIRO-AM/FM in Seattle (Gordon B. Hinckley named as a director). Its broadcasting interests now include three properties: KSL, KIRO, and WRUL.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1844

Brigham Young records in his journal, "My wife Mary Ann and I received our second anointing."

25 years ago today - Jan 13, 1994

Emanuel Tov, Hebrew University professor and editor-in-chief of the Dead Sea Scrolls publication projects, invites BYU Professor Donald W. Parry to join the international team of editors working on publication of the scrolls. Later, BYU Professors David R. Seely, Dana M. Pike, and Andrew C. Skinner are added to the team.

35 years ago today - Jan 13, 1984-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
... All of my experiences with him [Mark E. Peterson], however, were not positive.

Item. When I published in the first issue of BYU Studies [Winter 1959] my study "An Economic Interpretation of the Word of Wisdom," he saw to the suspension of that publication for a full year, and he always held it against me that I wrote the piece.

Item. The talk which he gave in 1963, "Race Problems as They Affect the Church," opposing granting the priesthood to the blacks, a talk widely circulated, apparently with his approval, was one of the most bigoted and narrow-minded talks ever given by a "disciple of Christ." [[Petersen, "Race Problems-As They Affect the Church, at the Convention of Teachers of Religion on the College Level," Aug. 27, 1954, Church History Library, Salt Lake City.]]

Item. That he should have received and encouraged the submission of the reports of Tom Truitt about the writings and speeches of our historians, and that he should have circulated these among the Twelve without once talking to any of us to check on their accuracy or intention, was unfair, a manifestation of suspicious attitudes, and partook of retribution.

Item. His calling the meeting with me to defend our action in writing Story of the Latter-day Saints, without prior notice so as to prevent us from preparing a defense, and with charges that were unfair and incorrect, shows his receptivity to rumormongers, the suspicious, the anti-intellectuals, and represents an attempt to embarrass us before the First Presidency.

Item. Elder Petersen is the authority who sicced Tom Truitt and Roy Doxey on the historians last spring by calling their stake presidents and bishops to determine if they were loyal and active members of the church.

I have had a real concern that he might become President of the Twelve or, eventually, President of the Church. Now, at least, [with his recent death] that will not happen. The Lord has preserved us from that kind of leadership.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - Jan 13, 1974

Three missionaries in Pennsylvania are killed in a head-on collision after a car repeatedly bumps the rear of their car and finally forces them into the path of an oncoming car.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jan 13, 1899

[James E. Talmage]
One of the questions referred to the First Presidency by the Committee was as to the advisability of reprinting the lecture entitled "The Holy Ghost" ... I have incorporated it in the prospective book [Articles of Faith] in practically an unaltered form. President Snow took the article under advisement today. In conversation Pres. Geo. Q. Cannon supported the view of the distinct personality of the Holy Ghost and stated that he had actually heard the voice of the third member of the Godhead, actually talking to him.

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

120 years ago today - Jan 13, 1899

The First Presidency decides that James E. Talmage's book, Articles of Faith, will "be published by the Church" due to the review of its contents by the First Presidency and committee which included three apostles. Its discussion of Celestial, Terrestrial, and Telestial Kingdoms (420-421) states that "advancement from grade to grade within any kingdom, and from kingdom to kingdom, will be provided for." The eleventh edition deletes the latter phrase in 1919, and the twelfth edition in 1924 says: "as to possible progress from one kingdom to another the scriptures make no positive affirmation."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Jan 12, 1979-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
Charles Graves from [LDS] Public Communications came in to say that he understood that the [Jerald and Sandra] Tanners now have available for sale a reproduction of Joseph Smith's diary covering the years 1832-34. This is the diary which Dean Jessee has been preparing for publication for some time. ... We understand that an article is coming out in Utah Holiday which describes the Tanner publication, which will then result in a big sale of it. Once again, it is unfortunate that Dean Jessee has not been able to complete our volume for publication. We planned this as early as 1972 and hoped for sure to have it out by 1974; but for a variety of reasons it has been postponed and postponed and now we are reaping the consequences of that postponement.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

100 years ago today - Jan 12, 1919

[David O. McKay]
At 11:15 A.M., I called on Thos. J. Steed 2742 Adams Ave., relative to his having entered into an alleged plural marriage.

Several important things he admitted; viz.,

(1) That he has entered into such a marriage.

(2) That the one performing ceremony claimed authority to do so.

(3) That it was hinted to him that there is a 'union' or 'secret organization' attempting to perpetuate such marriages; but he says 'To hell with such a union'.

(4) That perhaps the best way to learn more about this would be to attend the funerals of men and women how have recently entered into alleged plural marriages.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Jan 12, 1909

[George Albert Smith]
"Was present in Temple when Father baptized F.M. Lyman for his father [previously excommunicated apostle Amasa M. Lyman] and Pres Jos F. Smith restored his rights etc in the Priesthood."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jan 12, 1899

[Rudger Clawson]
At this point the tables were spread and the brethren partook of the sacrament. After the bread and wine were blessed by Pres. Snow, [they] ate and drank freely until satisfied. It was indeed a time of refreshing and one long to be remembered. Benediction by Pres. Geo. Q. Cannon.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jan 12, 1894

[James E. Talmage]
A meeting of the Theological Class Committee, and the Presidency, to consider the subject of the sacrament. After the acceptance of a paragraph written by me on the duties of the priesthood in seeing that the Sacrament is not administered to any but Church members, and to none who are unworthy, I asked concerning the custom of administering the sacrament in our Tabernacle, where all classes assemble, where indeed it is known that many outsiders partake and others show by strong demonstration their scorn for the ordinance, where in short no supervision that is effective can be exercised. In answer I found that the First Presidency and the Twelve were united in desiring the administration of the sacrament removed from the Tabernacle to the Ward houses, where the local authorities could properly guard the sacredness of the ordinance. I understand instructions to this effect will soon be issued.

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Jan 12, 1884

[J.D.T. McAllister Diary]
Certain Women not to be sealed to Joseph Smith

read a letter from Prest. Taylor approving our action in the E.G. Defriez matter. also that sister Maria Iverson Moss could be Sealed to some good man. Such cases should not be Sealed to the Prophet Joseph Smith.

[Diary Excerpts of J.D.T. McAllister, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Jan 12, 1869

Deseret News editorial against universal male suffrage for the United States: "Education and intelligence should precede the suffrage, otherwise the latter would be like a razor in the hands of a child - more likely to prove destructive than otherwise." Since Utah is not a state, it is unable to cast its vote against the 15th amendment (Mar. 1870).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

155 years ago today - Jan 12, 1864

Having been publicly accused of using improper language, First Counselor Heber C. Kimball writes in his memorandum book: "I was told by the Lord that I should not be removed from my place as first counselor to President Young, and those who had oppressed me when it was in their power to do me good, shall be removed from their places. That [second counselor] Daniel H. Wells, [future apostle] Albert Carrington, [future apostle and son of Brigham] Jos. A. Young and others were among that number."

155 years ago today - Jan 12, 1864

[Wilford Woodruff]
At Eleven oclok I Called at the prision & was with the prisioner untill a few moments before his Execution. His Mother Brothe[rs?] wife & 5 children visited him last night also this morning. He had gotton a woman with Child who was not his wife. He requested his Brothers to take care of this woman & if they were permitted to take more than one wife to take her to wife. He had a vary hard time to part with his wife Children & Friends. He felt to Confess all of his [crimes] and ask the forgiveness of God & all men for all his Crimes. He had worn his garments up to within an hour before his death. I advised him to take it off which He did. He Converse with me untill abut 12 oclok. He asked me to pray with him that he might have strength to go to his Execution & pay the penalty of his Crimes. I prayed with him according to his request & then bid him good by as did others who were with him.

He then walked to his place of Execution. There was a large number out side the wall & some one hundred in the Court House pl[aced?] at the windows to witness the Execution. Jason Luce sat in a Chair with his feet maniceled. He addressed the people a few moments Renounced Wm. A. Hickman as his betrayer bid the People good by. Sherif Burton drew the Black Cap over his face & at a given signal 5 Balls was shot through or near his heart & his spirit left his body without a groan or hardly a movemet of his body. His Corps was taken to the gate & Exhibited to the Croud. It was then taken to his Brothers House & laid out.

[Luce had killed a man by slitting his throat with a Bowie knife on Dec. 7, 1863. The execution occurred 36 days after the crime was committed.]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

15 years ago today - Jan 11, 2004

First LDS temple dedicated in black Africa (Accra, Ghana).

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

40 years ago today - Jan 11, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Jim Allen was in this morning and said he had had a conversation with Ellis Rasmussen yesterday. Ellis and the group in the [BYU] College of Religion have been working on the new set of scriptures that is being prepared. It is well along. He reported to Jim two or three interesting things.

1. The two revelations accepted in conference a couple of years ago-the one by Joseph Smith and the other by Joseph F. Smith-are being placed in the new edition of the Doctrine & Covenants as new sections.

2. The letter of the First Presidency on the priesthood revelation of June 9, 1978, will be in the new edition of the D&C as Official Declaration No. 2.

3. Bruce McConkie is writing new introductions or editorial notes to each of the sections. The publication is still some months away [October 1981].

Brother [G. Homer] Durham ... said Brother [Boyd K.] Packer is worried about our frank acknowledgment of the different versions of the accounts of the First Vision [in new book _The_Mormon_Experience_].

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

120 years ago today - Jan 11, 1899; Wednesday

Abraham Owen Woodruff ... Referred to the fact that he had no children. He loved children and so did his wife and did not know why he was not blessed of the Lord with children.

Expressed great delight with the promise of the Lord through Pres[iden]t [Franklin D.] Richards to Bro[ther] [Heber J.] Grant yesterday that he shall live to have sons. ...

One of the brethren of this Quorum had said unless a man had seen the face of the Savior was not worthy of being a special witness of Jesus Christ. Bore strong testimony of his knowledge of God, Jesus Christ & that Joseph Smith was a Prophet although he had not seen the face of the Savior, He had seen the Prophet Joseph Smith.

Franklin D. Richards told Bro[ther] Woodruff to have no uneasiness but to be willing to wait the due time of the Lord to have fulfilled All of the promises made to you. They are sure to come. Things are going to take a turn and brother Grant will have things turn around and he will have things easier than he ever had them. He shall maintain his good name and have great influence financially. Feel the same regarding Bro[ther] Jno [John] W Taylor. Brother Woodruff will be blessed abundantly.

We must become separated for the world. I feel full of prophesy [sic] & great things are to happen among the people. Times will come that all those who are not willing to labor for God and His Kingdom will find it so warm here that they will want to dispose of their property and go elsewhere to live....

Some day we may find it necessary to build temples in New Zealand & other places. ... Said if we were faithful that sooner or later we will see the face of the Savior.

John W. Taylor said Bro[ther] Woodruff had had very great promises made to him and they will come true and they must come through his wife. Spoke of many of the Prophets of God being born of women who for a time were barren. Believed God was preparing Bro[ther] Woodruff's wife to perform her part in bearing Bro[ther] W[oodruff]. a son.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Jan 11, 1899

[Rudger Clawson]
Pres. Richards explained the nature of the Holy Ghost. Said the Holy Ghost presides over all righteous spirits, and that when the Holy Ghost is conferred upon a man, in his opinion, it is a righteous spirit, or in other words, a Holy Ghost under the direction of the Holy Ghost.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jan 11, 1894

[Heber J. Grant]
[Regarding the return of church property by court which had been confiscated over legal issues related to plural marriage:] I feel to thank the Lord with all my heart that He has moved on Congress to restore this property as getting it will take a great load off the minds of Prests Woodruff, Cannon and Smith. There has been a wonderful change in public opinion in favor of our people and I feel that we should thank the Lord for this change.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

155 years ago today - Jan 11, 1864

[Wilford Woodruff]
... I Called at the Court House and had another interview with Jason Luce who is sentenced to die tomorrow. He still feels sure that He will not die. He thinks that he has the testimony of the spirit of the Lord that He will live & not die. He said that he was innocent of many things that the people thought he was guilty off. He said that he had never killed any person or had any hand in the death of any person except Rhodes & Bunting & said that he Could not fell that he was guilty of murder in the death of Either of them. He had killed them in self defence. He said Wm. Hickman had advised him to do many things that made his flesh Crawl but he had not followed Hickmans advise in these things. He told the Jailors (which I did not Hear) that Hickman once asked him to go & knock an old man in the Head for no other purpose ownly to obtain an old mare that was not worth more than $30. And He feels that Wm. Hickman has betrayed him and done him much injury & he looks upon Hickman as a vary bad man. He said he would like to see me tomorrow. He thought to day was the time appointed for his Execution untill I told him it was tomorrow. ...

I Called upon Governor Reed & asked him if he would Commute Jason Luce sentence to the Penetentiary for life as Hickman had held out this promise to Lute. Soon Hickman & Wilford Luce Came in for their answer & Mr Reed told them He Could do nothing in the premises that He Considered that He would be Commiting Crime to Change the sentence of Luce unless he had better ground than any thing He had seen.

So when I arived at the prision in the Evening I told Jason Luce there was no chance for him to live & I wished him to prepare to die. He then spent more than an hour giving us an account of what He had done & what he knew. He said in the Case of Drown & Arnold that Hickman was responsible for their death. He killed them with the help of one or two others. He said Wm. A Hickman robed Carpenter's store took the goods in his waggon & carried them to Huntingtons & from Huntingtons to his house over Jordon & then told Furguson if he would kill Carpenter He would Clear him that He Should not lie in Jail one day. Furguson killed Carpenter & was Hung for it & Hickman made him believe that he would be liberated up to the last minute. Luce said that Hickman Murdered [ ] for no other purpose ownly to obtain his gold watch & money & thinks he has the watch yet.

He said that Hickman was at the head of a Band of thieves. They have stolen as high as 100 Head of Cattle at a time from Camp Floyd & gone out onto the prairie & divided them & taken them to different parts of the Territory. Lute also said that Hickman had many men around him that Had to be fed & that men under him would go onto the range & drive up a Beef & kill & Eat it & sell the Hides or make them into Larretts or throw them away as the Case might be without any regard to whom might be the owners. Luce said that Hickman had been his ruin and the ruin of others and in all these things He had Carried his point by declairing that President Brigham Young had given him Council to do all these things (which is a Cursed lie). Luce made many other remarks which was reported by G. D. Watt.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 11, 1849

[Wilford Woodruff]
A Letter from the Camp of Israel 400 miles from winter Quarters July 10th 1848 published in the Star of Oct 15 1848 says that President Brigham Young & Heber C Kimball Company which they led to the valley of the Salt Lake Consisted of 623 waggons, 1,891 souls 131 Horses, 44 Mules, 2,012 Oxen 983 Cows 334 Loose cattle, 654 Sheep 237 Pigs, 904 Chickens, 54 Cats, 134 Dogs, 3 goats, 10 geese, 5 Bee Hives 11 Doves, 1 Squirrel, 5 Ducks.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jan 11, 1834

Joseph Smith, Frederick G. Williams, Newel K. Whitney, Oliver Cowdery, John Johnson, and Orson Hyde pray that the Lord will send his angels to watch over them and their families, protect the lives of the members of the united order [United Firm], let Joseph prevail over Doctor P. Hurlbut in court, bless the bishop with means to discharge every debt of the order, deliver the printing press from the hands of evil men, deliver Zion and gather his scattered people, and "unveil his face, that his saints might behold his glory, and dwell with him. Amen."

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

35 years ago today - Jan 10, 1984

At a BYU Devotional Apostle Bruce R. McConkie identifies "salvation by 'grace alone without works' as the 'second greatest heresy' of Christendom". He also refers to the first, or "father of all heresies" which is the "incomprehensible three-in-one spirit essence" of God. Local Christian leaders decry McConkie's "hodge podge of confused statements", his "lack of real understanding of church history", and his "lack of understanding for other groups." One labels McConkie's talk "offensive".

95 years ago today - Jan 10, 1924

[James E. Talmage]
Today I was made the subject of a very unwelcome appointment, that of representing the Twelve in assisting stake presidencies and other officers in the Church in dealing with cases of alleged transgression, particularly with respect to the claims persistently made that plural marriage is still sanctioned by the Church.

[James E. Talmage Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Jan 10, 1899

In a meeting of the Twelve Heber J. Grant "said his financial condition left him about $77,000.00 worse than nothing. He lamented because he had no living son. Prest. F. D. Richards prophesied that he would have a son and means to pay his debts." Although Grant had three wives he never had another son.

130 years ago today - Jan 10, 1889

[Sufferage]
With church approval, the territorial association was formed on 10 January 1889 with leading roles given to women who were not involved in polygamous marriages. Margaret N. Caine, wife of Delegate to Congress John T. Caine, was the president and Emily Richards was appointed a state organizer. Acting quickly, Mrs. Richards organized local units throughout the territory. Many, if not all of them, sprang from the women's auxiliary organizations of the church, most notably the Relief Society. The Woman's Exponent, an unofficial publication for Mormon women, took up the cause with zeal.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Sufferage, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

130 years ago today - Jan 10, 1889

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill]
I was arrested by Deputy Hudson and Commissioner Goodwin at 12:30 o'clock and was put under bonds. C. Traveller and M. W. Merrill sureties.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 10, 1849

The church had a supply of engraved Kirtland, Ohio, bank notes which bore the signatures of Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon, and decided to reissue these with the additional signatures of Young, Kimball, and Whitney. Thomas Bullock, clerk of Brigham Young, also put a private mark on the bills to authenticate those issued against gold dust. Some 135 of these bills in $1.00 and $3.00 denominations were placed in circulation on 10 January 1849, and 256, mostly of the $5.00 denomination, were in circulation before fall, bearing a face value of $1,33l.00.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Utah Currency, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

175 years ago today - Jan 10, 1844

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith ordained his uncle John Smith as a patriarch; he became the fourth patriarch of the Church on January 1, 1849.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

180 years ago today - Jan 10, 1839

Patriarchal blessing of Joseph Holbrook ... Thy name is registered in heaven and the angels rejoice at thy birth and notwithstanding thy trials, thy blessings shall be great to thee. Thy name shall be sounded to the remotest parts of the earth and thy name shall become honorable among Kings and Princes ... for thou shalt yet have the power and rejoice in the spirit when one shall chase a thousand and two shall put ten thousand to f[l]ight ... thou shalt yet sit in council with the sons of the west and thou salt be a Father to them and thou shalt aid to feed them and to clothe them and to fill the store house of the Lord for them and thy days shall be extended to see Babylon fall and thou shalt reign with the Saviour ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Jan 9, 1979-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
I was told this morning by Glen Leonard that he had received a letter from Dennis Lythgoe, who is bishop of a ward in one of the suburbs of Boston, Mass. According to the way Glen understands it, Dennis wanted to appoint a sister as president of the ward Sunday School. He looked through all the manuals of instruction and couldn't see anything that specifically prohibited it. Upon inquiry with his [stake] high council representative and stake president, he learned that they also could see no reason this should not be done, particularly in view of the fact that one of the other wards in the stake had a black as president of the Sunday School who held no priesthood, and another ward had a person who held only the Aaronic Priesthood as president. After consulting with the stake president, he was given the go-ahead and sustained the woman as Sunday School president. One of her counselors was a woman and one was a man. The Sunday School functioned very well. Seeing this arrangement functioning so well, one of the other ward bishops decided to do the same thing, and with the approval of the stake president, did so. Some person in that ward, however, didn't think it was a proper thing to do, and wrote to Elder [Rex D.] Pinegar, the area supervisor. Elder Pinegar gathered together information about it and then submitted it to the Quorum of Twelve. The Quorum of Twelve then discussed the matter and informed Elder Pinegar to inform the stake president to inform the bishop that this was not a proper procedure and that he would have to release the sister. B[isho]p Lythgoe then wrote to the former stake president there, now a member of the Quorum of Twelve, Elder [L.] Tom Perry. Elder Perry wrote back a rather curt letter saying that he had not been present when the Quorum of Twelve discussed it but he verified that it had been discussed and that the minutes indicated the decision that Elder Pinegar had conveyed to them. The other bishop also wrote to Elder Hale [Robert D. Hales], a former regional representative of the region and a former bishop in Boston, and he replied more or less the same way-rather tersely. So Bishop Lythgoe will be releasing the sister, and, as he expressed, "We have taken a step backwards." Of course much of it must be to avoid the impression that we are about to turn over certain leadership positions to women.

I am suddenly reminded of something important I want to record in the diary. Yesterday afternoon Scott Kenney came in to tell me about a "find" in the papers of [LDS President] Joseph F. Smith. He has been going through the Joseph F. Smith papers preparatory to a study of the Joseph F. Smith administration. He found a letter written by Joseph F. in his own hand in which he mentions his struggle with the Word of Wisdom. Apparently for some 20 years of his life he chewed tobacco secretly and could not get rid of the habit. This started while he was a teenager-presumably about the time that he was expelled from school for beating up the teacher and was later called (at age 15) as a missionary to Hawaii. The habit had apparently established itself at that time-early 1850s. Joseph F. mentions in his letter that one day he was called in by Brigham Young (maybe John Taylor-my memory is uncertain) to discuss some matter, and he was close enough to President Young that he [Young] could smell the tobacco. He [Smith] apologized and confessed to using tobacco secretly, said he had tried several times to quit the habit. The president told him that he really must stop, so he made a Herculean effort and did stop it. He comments that his use of tobacco had had an undesirable influence on his "wives and children" so quite probably he was still using tobacco when he married Julina [Lambson], the mother of Joseph Fielding [Smith], and possibly another one or two of his plural wives. Scott speculates perhaps his own understanding of the difficulty for people to give up the habit explains his refusal to deny temple recommends and appointments to Church positions to people who still used tobacco. Strict enforcement of the Church rule did not come until 1921, three years after Joseph F.'s death. Scott believes that Joseph F. was understanding and tolerant on this matter. Scott said he would furnish me his notes on this finding. It is an important thing for us to know because we can see a number of implications-it helps to explain some of his own insecurity during the 1860s and 1870s.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

115 years ago today - Jan 9, 1904

Emmeline B. Wells, editor of the Woman's Exponent, writes: "Aunts Presendia [H. Kimball] & Zina [D.H. Young] used to interpret dreams for us but now there is no one to do it." This is one of the earliest comments about a loss of spiritual gifts in Mormonism.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Jan 9, 1894

[Wilford Woodruff]
Jan 9, 1894 This has been an important day Concerning affairs of the Church. The U.S. Government has had possession of the Real Esstate of the Church & nearly $500,000 dollars of our money & stocks for several years in the Courts for years & the Congress of the United States Passed a Bill to restore our personal Property & the supreme Court ordered the money to be turned over to the Presidency of the Church but it had to be turned over to the supreme Court of Utah Territory. To day the supreme Court here ordered the Receiver to turn over the Money to the Presidency of the Church amounting to ($438,174.39) which will help us to partly to Pay our debts. Also the shares 4,742 of the Telegraph Line And office furniture in the hands of James Jack in Church office, in Presidents office office furniture and Books in Historians office and office furniture turned over By late Receiver Dyer to Present Receiver Lawrence. Now this order to turn over this money will assist us to pay a Part of the Debts.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Jan 9, 1884

[Heber J. Grant]
I sometimes feel almost like stopping the writing of a journal as my grammar is so poor also my spelling that I dislike to leave any such a record as I have to make under the circumstances; but I am of the opinion that it is almost a matter of duty that I keep a Journal and this is the main reason that I am willing to do so.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

160 years ago today - Jan 9, 1859

[Wilford Woodruff]
I met with the Twelve at 6 oclok. O Hyde was unwell with the flux & did not dress. F. D. Richards was not well & did not dress. Erastus Snow came late & did not dress. O. Pratt W. Woodruff G. A. Smith E. T. Benson & Lorenzo Snow dressed. O. Pratt prayed. W. Woodruff was mouth & while praying O Pratt Fainted & fell on the floor or rather eased himself down on the floor & lay their untill we got through.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 9, 1849

[Wilford Woodruff]
Capt Dan Jones ... the sum total He had raised up in that Country was represented at the general conference of Manchester England Aug 14th 1848 amounting to 2,747 member. The whole representation at this general conference of England Scotland & wales was 17,902 members 350 branches ... Elder Jones Adds I have published in the welch language 48 different kinds And size of Pamphlets comprising more original matter than the Book of Mormon Doctrins & Covenants & voice of warning And have circulated one million Eight hundred thousand of Pages ...

I have been Enabled to subdue my foes Many of the gifts of the spirit are manifest. One young man who had been Deef & Dumb 8 years was healed when coming up out of the waters of Baptism so he both herd and spake. Was ordained to the Priesthood And is now preaching the gospel with success. Capt Jones is Adding 150 per month.

... I have been of late stiring up the saints to Pay their tithing. I have visited many of the conferences for this purpose. I feel incouraged to Believe I shall gather A good sum for the Temple. Their Are 4 persons expecting to come in Possession of large sums of money before I go to America. From them I expect to get several thousand pounds As tithing to gladden the hearts of the saints in the valley.

... O Pratt thinks it would take 300 ships to carry the british saints at the present time. ...

The Papel Crown has At length fallen. It looks As though the Beastly power of Mobocracy spoken of in Revelations was likely to destroy the dominion of the Mother of Abominations spedily. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

105 years ago today - Jan 8, 1914; Thursday

The question as to who should issue certificates of ordination to Patriarchs was renewed by Bro[ther]. Clawson, and now considered, resulting in an action by the council, on motion of Bro[ther]. Clawson, certificates of ordination to Patriarchs.

The question as to who the Presiding Patriarch presided over, was answered by President Smith, as follows: That by virtue of the patriarchal office held by him he was the Presiding Patriarch over the whole Church.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Jan 8, 1894

[George Renolds]
"[S]till-born children do not need any temple ordinances performed for them. Such was the ruling of President Brigham Young and that de cision is honored in all the temples and confirmed by the instructions of the present authorities."

[George Reynolds to Jed Tomlinson, Jan. 8, 1894, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

175 years ago today - Jan 8, 1844

Joseph Smith tells Law that he is no longer his counselor.

Amasa M Lyman: Privately appointed second counselor 8 Jan. 1844 to replace William Law , but when William Law was not released at Apr. 1844 conference, Amasa M Lyman remained a special counselor.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47 and Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power ]

35 years ago today - Jan 7, 1984

Premier Zhao Ziyang of the People's Republic of China visited the BYU-Hawaii campus and the adjacent Polynesian Cultural Center during the first visit of a Chinese premier to the United States since the People's Republic of China was formed in 1949.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

50 years ago today - Jan 7, 1969

First Presidency secretary Joseph Anderson answers a letter about "the Church's stand pertaining to birth control," with the concluding statement: "After all, however, the brethren recognize that this is a personal matter involving the individuals concerned, and concerning which they must make their own decision." The First Presidency's official statement on 14 April 1969 omits any reference to their own feelings about birth control as "a personal matter," and states; "We believe that those who practice birth control will reap disappointment by and by," and repeated the earlier letter's emphasis on "self-control [as] a dominant factor" in marriage.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

90 years ago today - Jan 7, 1929

[Richard R. Lyman]
9:00 a.m.'Quarterly meeting of the Council of the Twelve'Perhaps the most important matter discussed was my appeal for greater charity toward our church members who views are not strictly orthodox. I say if 100 of the most successful, most ambitious, most prosperous, most studious, and most successful church members in Santa Monica Ward are being pushed out of ward activity if not out of the church then there may be something wrong with the leadership somewhere'the bishop, the high council, the Stake Presidency, the Council of the Twelve, The First Presidency of the Church.

[Richard R. Lyman Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Jan 7, 1909

Joseph F. Smith, son of Hyrum Smith who led similar effort in 1842-43, instructs Twelve to investigate and suppress new plural marriages.

115 years ago today - Jan 7, 1904

Church president instructs twelve apostles to walk through doorways in order of seniority. Protocol follows technology as church buildings and temples install elevators.

140 years ago today - Jan 7, 1879

[John Nuttle]
Received the following as come by Telegraph. "The case of George Reynolds was decided yesterday P.M. by the Supreme Court of the United States and they decided that Congress had the right to make laws prohibiting Polygamous Marriages in Utah, and that the law was Constitutional." Operator Thus the Judicial Power of the Government (the only power remaining), has decided against the Lord and his Work on the earth -- every other arm of the Government having previously declared themselves and been arrayed aginst him and his people nd purposes for some time past. surly [sic] now their cup of inequity is full, and the Lord will shortly come out of his hiding place and vex the nation. so that he who will not take up his sword against his Neighbor must needs flee to Zion for safty. All the safe guards of the Government are broken and gone. and it behooves the Latter-day Saints to draw near to God and prepare themselves for his Kingdom and coming. and for the judgm(e)nts that must shortly come upon the wicked & ungodly & those who fight against God --

[Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jan 7, 1844

Second Counselor William Law was dropped from membership in the Anointed Quorum: "I was present when William Law, Joseph Smith's counselor, was dropped from that quorum by each one present voting yes or no in his turn. He was the first member that was dropped who had received his endowments. One member hesitated to vote, which called forth earnest remarks from the Prophet Joseph. He showed clearly that it would be doing a serious wrong to retain him longer. After his explanation the vote was unanimous" (note).

[Members of the Quorum of the Anointed vote one-by-one to expel William Law. Women vote on equal basis.]

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Jan 7, 1834

D. D. Barnard gave "An Introductory Address Delivered Before The Young Men's Association for Mutual Improvement" of the City of Albany, stating "The laws of nature were made to be obeyed, and not to be violated. The slightest disobedience, the most inconsiderable departure from them, is sure to be visited with an appropriate penalty; and, if it were not so, these laws would cease to be inflexible, which can never happen while the world stands." [see D&C 130:20-21 (1843)]

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

5 years ago today - Jan 6, 2014

The U.S. Supreme Court grants Utah's request for stay on Judge Shelby's ruling halting same-sex marriages in Utah.

[Herald Extra, "LDS Church: No gay marriages in meetinghouses", http://www.heraldextra.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/lds-church-no-gay-marriages-in-meetinghouses/article_9115817b-5e81-5e2f-b1e7-692843870e5d.html]

85 years ago today - Jan 6, 1934

Leah D. Widtsoe's article "Priesthood and Womanhood" in the Church Section includes the following questions: "5. If a boy of twelve years has this gift [of priesthood ordination] bestowed upon him while his sister has not, does it not tend to make him grow up with a feeling that he is literally a 'lord of creation,' while his sister belongs to 'the common herd?' 6. Does not this discrimination make men more arrogant in their attitude toward women? Do they not necessarily feel themselves the superior and dominant sex?" Perhaps unintentionally, the stridency of her questions outweighs the article's effort to deny or downplay gender discrimination in the LDS church. She is the wife of apostle John A. Widtsoe.

[http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=b7JOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=67UDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5978%2C1071704 The Deseret News , [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Jan 6, 1909

The Twelve Apostles and the First Council of the Seventy call B. H. Roberts before them, accusing him of questioning the good faith and honesty of the First Presidency and the general authorities. Roberts had previously published an open letter to Richard R. Lyman, a Democrat and son of Apostle Francis M. Lyman, expressing his opposition to Apostle (and Senator) Reed Smoot's political involvement. Roberts stated that he thought it unwise for Church leaders to run for political office.

140 years ago today - Jan 6, 1879

U.S. Supreme Court issues its "Reynolds vs. the United States" decision which upholds constitutionality of 1862 Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act, and further rules that not every religious practice is protected by First Amendment. As result of the Supreme Court-s first decision about sexual conduct, George Reynolds is imprisoned from 1879 to 1881 for polygamy. As of 1990s this case continues to be Supreme Court's precedent for limiting some practices defined as religious.

John Taylor preaches in Salt Lake City: "Professor Huxley, in visiting Niagara Falls, made some remarks which I remember were published and copied extensively in the papers, to the effect that here was another evidence afforded of the many thousands or millions of years (I forget the number now) that it had taken to wash away the rocks below these falls. And this evidence was advanced in support of geological ideas. I thought to myself; yes, professor Huxley is a very learned man. I wonder if he knew that rock was once in a friable, plastic condition, when, by the force of the watery element the soft stratum might be disintegrated, excavated and removed by the washing process in perhaps a very few days."

170 years ago today - Jan 6, 1849

High council at Kanesville, Iowa, excommunicates two Mormons for counterfeiting coins. Investigation into Feb., but council takes no action against two members of theocratic Council of Fifty involved: John M. Bernhisel (who transports counterfeiting equipment to Iowa) and Theodore Turley (mechanic who works with the dies and press). Apostles George A. Smith and Ezra T. Benson allude to their involvement in letter to First Presidency on 27 Mar. Turley is Brigham Young's father-in-law.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Saturday, Jan 6, 1849

... I [Brigham Young] attended council, when the following resolutions were passed: ... that the Kirtland Bank bills be put into circulation for the accommodation of the people, thus fulfilling the prophecy of Joseph, that the Kirtland notes would one day be as good as gold.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

185 years ago today - Jan 6, 1834

A non-Mormon in Ohio writes that "Smith has four or five armed men to gard [sic] him every night." The prophet's bodyguard is Mormonism's first organization for internal security.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

60 years ago today - Mon Jan 5, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
Elder Mark E. Petersen and Elder Marion G. Romney called at my request. I asked them if they would together go over Elder Bruce R. McConkie's book, "Mormon Doctrine" and make a list of the corrections that should be made preparatory to his sending out an addendum to all members of the Church who have purchased his book.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

85 years ago today - Jan. 5, 13, 20, 1934

... Donations are accepted at the door of the Temple. A consistent donation by couples being married, who can afford it, would be the amount of the fee required for a civil ceremony. ...

Paid Work. When proxies have to be obtained to act in endowments for the dead, it is customary to pay 50 cents for a male name and 40 cents for a female name. ...

Heir. The full name of the proper heir is required on every sheet. ... The heir should be determined according to the following rule: "The oldest male in that direct (blood) line to have joined the Church in life." If there is no male in the line, who was baptized in life, then the oldest female to have joined the Church in life in that direct (blood) line may be designated as heir, using her full maiden name. If she has been sealed to her husband, then (and then only), add her married name to her full maiden name. ... In sealing the dead, a woman is to be sealed to her first husband; any exceptions to this rule must be by permission of the Temple Presidency.

[Salt Lake temple presidency, Jan. 1, 1934; published in the Deseret News, Jan. 5, 13, 20, 1934, emphasis in original, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

110 years ago today - Jan 5, 1909

Apostle John Henry Smith writes in his diary, "Ten of the Twelve and six of the seven Presidents of the Seventy met and talked over the Word of Wisdom. All agreed to live it."

110 years ago today - Jan 5, 1909; Tuesday

[David O. McKay]
Bro[ther] [B. H.] R[oberts]. was asked to explain his "unquarranted and unjustifiable" attack upon Bro[ther]. [Reed] S[moot]., and to "retract and retrace" his words in this regard.

[David O. McKay, Diary (conference notebook)]

120 years ago today - Jan 5, 1899

First Presidency and Twelve discuss resuming public reporting of church finances. Senior apostle Franklin D. Richards observes that such public accounting should be "presented before the General Conference, thereby correcting false reports and bringing the people to share in the responsibility of the Church's business." Until 1915 these annual reports to April conference do not contain specific dollar amounts.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Jan 5, 1894

George Q. Cannon comments "on the ambiguity existing in our printed works concerning the nature or character of the Holy Ghost[,and] expressed his opinion that the Holy Ghost was in reality a person... However, the Presidency deemed it wise to say as little as possible on this as on other disputed subjects."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jan 5, 1844

Joseph dreams of "2 serpents swallowing each other tail foremost." During the cold night some people had built a fire on the shore opposite Stake President William Marks's house. Marks swears before the city council that the fire was a warning against his life. It is charged that Joseph's statement about a "Judas" was a signal to the forty special policemen to take certain action against traitorist brothers. Thirty policemen swear that they were never given any special or private instructions. After many testimonies, Wilson Law says, "I am Joseph's friend: he has no better friend in the world: I am ready to lay down my life for him." Joseph records his own thoughts: "What can be the matter with these men? Is it that . . . hit pigeons always flutter, that drowning men catch at straws, or that Presidents Law and Marks are absolutely traitors to the Church, that my remarks should produce such an excitement in their minds. Can it be possible that the traitor whom Porter Rockwellreports to me as being in correspondence with my Missouri enemies, is one of my quorum?"

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

110 years ago today - Jan 4, 1909; Monday

Elder Francis M. Lyman spoke on the subject which had been under discussion, namely, the changing of the Seventies meetings from Sunday morning to Monday evening. Made mention of the friction of long standing existing between the Seventies and High Priests, as to "Which is the greater," which seemed to be the all absorbing question, the Seventies claiming to have an apostolic calling, etc. Brother Lyman stated that Seventies had no authority for such claims. He stated that these differences were being obliterated and the Council of the Twelve desired Seventies to fall into line, meet with the other Priesthood quorums and use their influence for the advancement of the general Priesthood quorums.

Brother Lyman further said, that while these troubles existed they are lessening and all are coming to a better understanding. He further continued by giving a detailed statement of the quorums of Priesthood and their calling, claiming that we should always be called "Elders" as was the custom in the early days of the church. Said that a High Priest was a Seventy, an Elder, in fact he held all there was in the Priesthood.

Brother Lyman said we do not want any more quorums of Seventy organized unless they are absolutely needed.

[Excerpt from the Minutes of the First Council of the Seventy]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Jan 4, 1899

[Rudger Clawson]
Pres. Snow stated that it was thought to be desirable to make a second issue of bonds to the amount of $500,000.00. The first issue had been rapidly taken up, and the second issue, if made, would doubtless find a market. The money, he said, would be needed by the Church. The matter was then submitted to the brethren. It was moved by Elder J. H. Smith and seconded by M. F. Cowley that the second issue of bonds for $500,000 be made. Carried by unanimous vote.

Pres. Snow stated that the Church would be called upon tomorrow (Jan. 5, 1898 [1899]) to pay $45,000 interest on certain bonds of the Pioneer Power Co. After some explanations were offered showing the relationship of the Church to said company, it was decided by unanimous vote to pay said amount.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jan 4, 1894

... President [Lorenzo] Snow reported that the First Presidency and Twelve [Apostles], at a meeting held in the [Salt Lake] temple, Jan. 4th, 1894, decided as follows: "If, by mistake, a person is sealed in the temple before being endowed, it is not necessary for the sealing to be cancelled. All that is necessary is for the person to be endowed, unless the person, or the individual representing him or her, is dissatisfied."

[Book of Temple Ordinances, Jan. 4, 1894; p. 17, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Jan 4, 1894

Bro. [Francis M.] Lyman stated that he met with the First Council of Seventy last week, and it was there told him that some of the feeble Seventies objected to the request made of them to go into the High Priests' quorum, they entertaining the idea that it was no compliment to be relegated (as they termed it) to the High Priests quorum. The sense of the meeting was that such brethren should not be required to become High Priests against their will. Bro. Lyman stated that it was the practice of the Seventies to drum up young men and ordain them Seventies. Prest. [George Q.] Cannon expressed his objections to young men being ordained Seventies unless they were about to go on missions. And on motion of Prest. Cannon, Prest. [Lorenzo] Snow was delegated to invite the First Seven Presidents of Seventies to meet with the apostles, and to convey to them the idea expressed by President Cannon. Carried.

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - Jan 4, 1874

Patriarchal Blessing of Lydia Leonorah Hatch by Lorenzo Hill Hatch ... You shall live to be a woman and raise up a numerous posterity: and your husband shall be mighty in the midst of the people of God in preaching the Gospel, and gathering the house of Israel from the four corners of the earth. For this purpose has the Priesthood been given, that salvation might come unto all the children of men. ... Thou shalt live to see great distress, when the wicked shall be overthrown; for all that fight against God shall be destroyed. Thou shalt be exalted and reign with the first in the Great Millennium, even a thousand years. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jan 4, 1844

Joseph dines with Emma and W. W. Phelps. When Joseph praises Emma for cooking in great quantities, Phelps says that Joseph should do as Bonaparte did and just have a small table. Emma says, "Mr. Smith is a bigger man than Bonaparte; he can never eat without his friends." Joseph says, "That is the wisest thing l ever heard you say."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

50 years ago today - Jan 3, 1969

First Presidency announced that all non-English-speaking missionaries would receive two months' language training before entering the field.

[Hemidakaota, "Church Chronology from 1800-2000," http://lds.net/forums/topic/10668-church-chronology-from-1800-2000-part-1/]

85 years ago today - Jan 3, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
Richard W. Madsen called and said he hoped we would not issue a license to an individual to handle beer in the Hotel Utah but have the license issued to the hotel itself.

At 11.15 this morning there was a meeting of the Presidency and Apostles in the Presidency's office, and the matter of my continuing as President of the Utah Hotel in view of the fact that the hotel is selling 3.2 beer was discussed, and the brethren felt that as it was legal and declared by government chemists to be non-intoxicating it would be best for me to remain as President of the company, that it would create more comment if I resigned than if I were to stay with it.

The question of advertising Anheiser Busch beer in the Deseret News was discussed and it was decided not to accept this advertisement. The general feeling was that we ought to make some disposition of the News, change its policy and make it a Church magazine or get rid of it to Latter-day Saints, to be run as a newspaper, taking advertisements the same as any other newspaper. We are spending $50,000 to $60,000. a year with little advantage. It was considered a very serious matter. There were some pretty severe criticisms of the editorial policy of the News. ...

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

110 years ago today - Jan 3, 1909

[Francis M. Lyman]
The Presidency, Twelve, and others met with the betterment committee in the celestial room where it was unanimously agreed that every reasonable influence shall be used with the legislature to pass a prohibition law against the sale of liquor in the state ... Not a breath of opposition was manifested.

[Francis M. Lyman, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

165 years ago today - Jan 3, 1854

Brigham Young invites Elijah Abel, free black and ordained Seventy, to party with 98 other men in Social Hail. Some of these parties are male only dances.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jan 3, 1844

Second Counselor William Law meets with Joseph Smith and the Nauvoo police. Law claims policeman (and former Danite) Daniel Carn said they had orders to kill him. Bishop Carn defends "Daniteism" and criticizes Law's rejection of polygamy.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

85 years ago today - Jan 2, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
My brother B. F. Grant [of the Deseret News] called with a page advertisement for beer and wanted to know whether or not he should accept it.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

100 years ago today - Jan 2, 1919

[James E. Talmage]
At intervals for years past, the Presiding Patriarch of the Church has called the attention of the brethren, mostly in private conversation, to the fact that he finds an inconsistency in the order of presiding officials of the Church as they are presented today for the vote of the people, in comparison with D&C Section 124 verses 124 and 125. He has repeatedly asked for a consideration of the matter. Today the decision of the First Presidency and Twelve was made a matter of record to the effect that the Presiding Patriarch of the Church ranks in order of office between the Council of the Twelve and the First Council of Seventy, and that his name should be presented in such order for the vote of the people as has hitherto been done. Revelation to and the history of the Church combine in making plain the fact that no officer stands between the Council of the Twelve and the First Presidency of the Church. However, this was not the plan to which Presiding Patriarch Hyrum G. Smith asserted any claim, but he asked whether, in view of the Lord's having mentioned his great-grand father, Hyrum Smith, first in order of the Priesthood (D&C 124:124), the place of the Presiding Pat. is not that of first officer in the Church, ahead of the First Presidency. As stated, it was the unanimous decision of the Council that the order heretofore observed shall be maintained, unless the Lord reveals another course as the one to be followed.

[Grant has patriarch's chair removed from its place next to First Presidency in the temple and placed after junior apostle's chair.]

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

110 years ago today - Saturday, Jan 2, 1909

[John Henry Smith]
Salt Lake City

My home at 23 N. West T[emple] St. was quarentined for small Pox today, It being claimed that my son Winslow wife and child had been exposed to that dread disease. Fortunately I was away from home.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

130 years ago today - Jan 2, 1889

Pres[iden]t [Wilford] Woodruff & Elder [L. John] Nuttall attended a meeting of the brethren of the Apostles & Sisters of the Relief Society & others of the Historian's Office as per previous appointment, to consider the question of the organization of the Ladies of Utah into a Territorial Woman's Suffrage Ass[ciatio]n. ... Elder H[eber]. J. Grant moved that the Ladies of Utah proceed to organize a Woman's Suffrage Association in Utah Territory, and that the organization when completed if it is deemed practicable, appoint one or more Delegates to attend the National Womans Suffrage Ass[ociatio]n at Washington D.C. Jan[uary] 28 [18]89, with the proper credentials to report the organization. Seconded by Sister Z. D. H. Young, and carried.

[First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

160 years ago today - Jan 2, 1859

[Wilford Woodruff]
The saints met in the Tabernacle this morning at 11 oclock for preaching it being the first time the saints have met for a publick meeting since the 30 day of May 1858, Being 7 month, the longest time the Church ever remained without public meetings since its first organization. ... Their was a petition runing through the Center of the tabernacle separating Male from female. The females occupied the north side & the Males the South side.

[This is the beginning of of having congregations sit with women on north side, men on the south, and children on front benches. This seating arrangement lasts for decades.]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jan 2, 1854

[Brigham Young]
We have assembled here to have music & danceing. The world have had vary Strange Ideas Concerning these things. They have supposed it was a vary wicked thing for a christian to dance or hear music. Many preachers of the day have said that fidling & music Came from Hell But I say that their is no fiddleing or music in hell. Their is not a fiddler in hell or any music of any kind. Music belongs in heaven to cheer God, Angel, & man. If we could hear the music their is in heaven it would overwhelm mortal man. The Lord gave us that organ that makes music so delightful to man & the Devel has Stolen music & many other things that was ordained of God for the Benefit of man & has turned it to an evil use but music & danceing is for the benefit of the Holy ones & if those that come here tonight are not Holy & righteous & feel to worship & Praise God they have no business here. ...

I will say a word concerning danceing with the Gentiles. As I have got up this party If I had felt disposed to have invited some Gentiles here would they have contaminated me or this company? No because the priesthood rules here with the keys of power truth light & knowledge. ... But if any Elder in this church was to follow after Gentile parties they would submit themselves to their spirit partake of their evils & go to the devel. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 2, 1849

Recognizing the need for a temporary circulating medium superior to packets of gold dust, Brigham Young and his associates made plans to issue paper currency until coins could once more be minted. The first issue consisted of small bills, two inches wide and four inches long, hand-printed by pen and ink on plain white paper (there was not yet a printing press in the region). Bills were made for 50 cents, $1.00, $2.00, $3.00, and $5.00, and were signed by Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball (Brigham Young's counselor), and Newel K. Whitney, presiding bishop of the church. The bills were stamped with the seal of the Twelve Apostles, which consisted of the emblem of the priesthood encircled by sixteen letters: P.S.T.A. P.C.J.C.L.D.S. L.D.A.O.W., which was an abbreviation for "Private Seal of the Twelve Apostles, Priests of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in the Last Dispensation All Over the World." All of the 830 notes in the initial issue, with a face value of $1,365.00, bore the date January 2, 1849."

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Utah Currency, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

175 years ago today - Jan 2, 1844

An English court acquits the first Mormon missionaries to accidentally drown a convert during baptism by immersion.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jan 2, 1844

Joseph writes a "strong" letter to John C. Calhoun. (He had written Calhoun on Nov. 4, 1843, and Calhoun had answered on Dec. 2, 1843, stating that the redress of the Saints "does not come within the jurisdiction of the Federal Government. ") Joseph tells Calhoun, "If the Latter-day Saints are not restored to all their rights and paid for all their losses . . . God will come out of His hiding place, and vex this nation with a sore vexation: yea the consuming wrath of an offended God shall smoke through the nation. . . ."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

25 years ago today - 25 years ago - Jan 1, 1994

End of congregational hymn-singing and general meeting prior to individual Sunday School classes, as per First Presidency announcement on 25 Sept. 1993.

55 years ago today - 55 years ago - Jan 1,1964

"Home Teaching" replaces traditional "ward teaching" program of monthly visits of priesthood men to church members. This begins new emphasis on family life which subtly (yet fundamentally) replaces previous priorities of God, Church and family with new ranking of family, church and God.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

90 years ago today - 90 years ago - Jan 1, 1929

... Those who do ordinance work have not the right to make matches between people who are deceased, except in cases of persons who were married in life. ... In the performance of work for the dead, the right of heirship (blood relationship) should be sacredly regarded. ... As a rule the eldest living MALE representative of the family, who is a member of the Church, is the recognized heir. ... The garments to be used in the Temple must be of what is known as the old style, clean and of white material. At least one year should be allowed to elapse after [the] death of individuals before Temple ordinances are performed in their behalf, unless it is known the deceased were faithful members of the Church or that they were prepared to obey the Gospel before their death. A living woman cannot receive endowments while her husband is alive, if the husband has not been endowed. Persons who committed murder or suicide, or who apostatized or were excommunicated from the Church, cannot be officiated for except by special permission of the President of the Temple. ... The Saints who enter the sacred building should be properly prepared. Their bodies should be scrupulously clean. ... Males over 21 or females over 18 years of age, are not permitted to witness or take part in any Temple ordinances, except baptism for the dead, until they have received their own endowments. ... There is no charge made by the Temple authorities for performance of the ordinances, but, when proxies have to be obtained to act in endowments for the dead, which occupies the time of an entire session in Temple work, it is customary to pay such proxies a small sum, to partly remunerate them for personal expenses; usually a man receives 75 cents, and a woman 50 cents for such service.

[For stake presidents, bishops, and genealogical committees in the Logan Temple District, Jan. 1, 1929; emphasis in original, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

110 years ago today - 110 years ago - Jan 1, 1909

Presiding Bishopric instructions "that as near as circumstances will permit boys be ordained as follows: Deacons at twelve, Teachers at fifteen and Priests at eighteen years of age." For the first time, the Aaronic Priesthood offices are conferred generally on teenage boys, although age intervals later change to twelve, fourteen, and sixteen.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Jan 1, 1889

Russian Author Leo Tolstoy writes in his journal, "I got up, cut wood, it was warm, and I went to breakfast. My thoughts were brighter. A beautiful letter from an American woman." The "American woman" was Susa Young Gates, daughter of Brigham Young, who also sent a copy of the Book of Mormon and a copy of George Q. Cannon's LIFE OF JOSEPH SMITH.

150 years ago today - 150 years ago - Jan 01, 1869

Karl G. Maeser begins publishing Der Stern, a monthly German-language Church periodical, in Zurich, Switzerland.

155 years ago today - 155 years ago - Jan 1, 1864

[Wilford Woodruff]
The last three years have been vary important in the History of the United States. The union has been dissolved and A Bloody war has ben raging for three years, and the spirit of God is being withdrawn from the Nation and the wicked are slaying the wicked and the land is being deluged in Blood and great destruction awaits the Nation and there are great Events await[ing] all Nations and the way is preparing for the Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ and his Coming will overtake the world as a thief in the night.

1864 will be an Eventful year and so will all the following years untill the Coming of the savior. The Lord is watching over the interest of Zion and sustaining his kingdom upon the Earth and Preparing the way for the return of his Saints to Jackson County Mo to build up the waste places of Zion. Jackson County have been Entirely Cleared of its inhabitants during the year 1863 Which is one of the greatest miracles manifest in our day...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - 170 years ago - Jan 1, 1849

Uncle John Smith (b. 1781) is ordained as "Patriarch over the Church." He has served in that capacity since 1845. The newly organized First Presidency privately sustained him to that position on 6 Dec. 1847, and church conference publicly did so on 27 Dec.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]