65 years ago today - Jan 26, 1956

[J. Reuben Clark]

As I left the Expenditure Committee meeting on Tuesday, January 24, 1956, and walked out with President McKay, in the hallway leading to my room, he started to go into the big room and I stopped him and said that I was not sure whether I had cleared with him at the time I cleared the making of the talk on "Our Bible" before Conference, the matter of printing the Notes that I had prepared (they were very voluminous) as a background study for what I said at the Conference.

I made some further comment about the unreliability of the Revised Version, to which he made a response to the effect that he thought we ought to be a little bit careful about criticizing the Revised Version. To this I answered that I was giving it as thorough a going over, destructive-wise, as I could, because I felt that it was an unsound text.

He then stated that he thought there were some places where the Revised Text was better than the Authorized Version, and he stated that he was thinking particularly of words the meaning of which had changed since the Authorized Version was issued, and instanced the word which all of the Revisers name, namely "let" ...

I replied to this that I was aware of that fact, but that I had not heard that anybody was going to try to rewrite Shakespeare to eliminate these anachronisms, to which, of course, he assented. ...

[Regarding the Revised Version's translation of the Bible into colloquial English:] ... I said that I disagreed with this entirely; that there was nothing in the New Testament that could not be reasonably understood, so far as language was concerned, save in express the truths of the New Testament.

There were a few other desultory observations back and forth and then I said, "Now, President McKay, if you have any hesitancy about my going forward with this, just say so and I will put it aside." He said he had no hesitancy, that it was quite all right. ...

I again said, "If you have any hesitancy about the wisdom of printing the Notes, that will end it." He again assured me that he had no hesitancy at all.

After one or two other observations, which I do not distinctly recall, I said, "We cannot give up the Authorized Version." I said that seemed to me to be completely sound, because the

Prophet's so-called translation (I said, the Prophet, of course, did not translate because he had no manuscripts from which to translate, that he really made a recension through inspiration) in all cases that I found, followed the Authorized Version, thus giving his stamp of approval to the Authorized Version.

A little further conversation took place about this and then he began to move away and I called to him after he had gone four or five steps, and said again, "Now, if you have any hesitancy about this at all, I will not go forward." His reply was to the effect that "I have no hesitancy whatever. Go ahead and print your book."

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

125 years ago today - Jan 26, 1896; Sunday

[Heber J. Grant]

At one attended my prayer circle in the Temple. At two attended meeting in the Tabernacle. I did not feel much like talking, but Pres[iden]t A[ngus] M Cannon suggested that I talk. I pointed to Brother Brigham H. Roberts, who was on the stand for the first time in a long while and suggested that he speak. Bro[ther] Cannon said that Bro[ther] Roberts was not in harmony with the Presidency of the Church and that he should not call on him to speak. I disliked very much to lacking in charity, and uttered a silent prayer to the Lord that in case the position of brother Roberts, wherein he was not in accord with the Presidency was not right that he would give me a testimony of this by giving me such perfect liberty in my talk to the saints that none of the people would feel to be disappointed because of hearing me. ... I am pained to have a testimony that Bro[ther] Roberts is in the dark, but I fell that the Lord has

presidencies, etc.), unless of major historical significance, will not be included. Their omission will be indicated by ellipses.

given me one in the liberty which I have enjoyed in speaking this afternoon.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

130 years ago today - Jan 26, 1891

[Abraham H. Cannon]

Quite a large number of plural wives are now living in Franklin [Idaho], as it is considered safe for them to do so[,] there being no law of the state yet enacted against the practice of the Saints. Besides it is doubtful if a man could be punished if he has his wife in different States or Territories.

[Abraham H. Cannon (Author), Edward Leo Lyman (Editor), Candid Insights of a Mormon Apostle: The Diaries of Abraham H. Cannon, 1889-1895, Signature Books]

140 years ago today - Jan 26, 1881

President John Taylor writes in a letter, "If a man enter into the everlasting covenant with one wife, with full purpose of heart to keep the commandments, and through circumstances is deprived of going further, he may be justified"

170 years ago today - Jan 26, 1851

In the evening attended a meeting of the Presidents of the Quorums of Seventies at the State house for the purpose of reorganizing and filling vacancies in the Quorums which has not been done since we left Nauvoo. There was I think fifty nine vacances in the presidents of Quorums by death and apostacy.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 26, 1846

[Joseph Fielding]

Monday, 26 [January 1846], our four children were washed, anointed and sealed to Joseph and Hannah Fielding. And we (Joseph and Hannah) were sealed to Hyrum Smith for time and eternity by Elders Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

175 years ago today - Jan 26, 1846

[Heber C. Kimball marriage]

wife #20. Harriet Sanders (Helga Ysteinsdatter Bakka), 1824-1896; 3 children: Harriet, Hyrum Heber, Eugene .

[Hatch, Charles M. and Compton, Todd M. editors, 'A Widow's Tale: 1884-1896 Diary of Helen Mar Kimball Whitney' p. 37]

175 years ago today - Jan 26, 1846

Patriarchal Blessing of Norton Jacob ... thou shalt be able to control the elements by the power of the Priesthood vested in thee. no miracle shall be to hard for thee to perform when it shall be for the Salvation of men. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

180 years ago today - January 26th 1841

The Council met again according to adjournment, when the following charges were prefered by Wm Niswanger and B. L. Clapp Viz: January 26th 1841

We prefer a charge against Elder Theodore Turley.

1. For unchristian conduct while on the sea for romping and kissing the females and dancing.

2. For sleeping with two females coming up the Lakes and on the road to Dixons ferry.

...4. For threatning the brethren that Brother Joseph would not hear any thing that they would not tell him about him for he was of the same spirit and signified the same Priesthood signifying if they told him he would not hear them ...

[Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois: Nauvoo Hancock County Illinois, http://amzn.to/uXAcJh%20]

185 years ago today - Jan 26, 1836

Joshua Seixas, former Hebrew teacher of Lorenzo Snow, begins instructing Joseph Smith and his colleagues of the "Hebrew School" in the Kirtland Temple, to enable them to translate biblical Hebrew texts. He gives two lectures per day, from 10:00 to 11:00 AM. and from 2:00 to 3:00 PM five days per week. The class has about forty students but more are added as the class continues. By mid-February, Seixas is teaching four separate classes. Joseph Smith says, "His introduction pleased me much. I think he will be a help to the class in learning the Hebrew."

85 years ago today - Jan 25,1936

Church News Section photograph of LDS basketball team in Germany giving "Sieg Heil: salute of Nazi Party.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

90 years ago today - Jan 25, 1931

[Heber J. Grant]

After reading the articles by Brother Roberts and Smith [debating evolution & creationism], I feel that sermons such as Brother Joseph preached and criticisms such as Brother Roberts makes of the sermon are the finest kind of things to let alone entirely. I think no good can be accomplished by dealing in mysteries, and that is what I feel in my heart of hearts these brethren are both doing.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

110 years ago today - Jan 25, 1911; Wednesday

[Anthony Ivins]

This evening I called upon Nora Cowley. She says she was married in Canada by a Patriarch. He was sick in bed & not expected to live. Bro. [Matthias F.] Cowley took her to the house and went in leaving her on the outside & told the wife of the sick man he wished a private interview with her husband. The woman went out & Nora entered. The Patriarch was propped up in his bed with bandages around his head. He spoke in a voice so low that she could not hear a word he said. Bro. Cowley told her when to say yes. After the man finished she asked Bro. Cowley if that was all he said.Yes. She thought it a singular way to get married. Later Bro. C. warned her to be careful to not violate the covenants she had entered into, she said she had made no covenants and called attention to the fact that she did not hear a word of what he said (the Patriarch). .

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

135 years ago today - Jan 25, 1886

Federal court begins hearings concerning the effort of two men to bribe U.S. deputy marshal E. A. Franks to give advance warning of efforts to arrest Mormon polygamists. Both men are sentenced to three years' imprisonment for attempted bribery, but are released in May 1888. Unknown to the court, these men had worked with Brigham Y. Hampton in spying on the anti-Mormons in the brothel. By 1888 Deputy Franks is on the First Presidency's payroll as a bribed informer.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

150 years ago today - Jan 25, 1871

At Manti, Wednesday 25. I attended meeting, Orson Hyde preached to us, and he told us that what we heard before that Adam is our God, we had a splendid good meeting.

At Manti, Jan 25th Orson Hyde preached to us here in Manti, that, Adam is our God for this planet (Earth).

[Jans Christian Anderson Weibye Daybooks, Daybook 1st, p. 131, in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

175 years ago today - Jan 25, 1846

Parley P. Pratt conversed with some brethren, in the Celestial Room of the Temple (Attic Story) on the subject of authority and Priesthood ... A man might be a prophet and Seer and not be in the Church or even be baptized; and Joseph Smith was a prophet, Seer, and Revelator before he was even baptized or had any Priesthood whatever ...

[Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 1: Minutes of the Seventies, 1837-1933, Excerpts]

175 years ago today - Sunday Jan 25, 1846-

[Brigham Young]

at 10 in the morning I with a number of the 12 & others assembled in the Celestial Room of the Temple where I attended to the Sacred ordinances of Sealing by adoption -- and also anointed Willard Richards & wife the spirit of allmighty god attended the administration & filled our hearts to overflowing & many wept for joy that were adopted into my Family- we continued in the Temple in attending to those ordinances until near Night -when I went home & spent the night--

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

185 years ago today - Jan 25, 1836

This evening a meeting, of Elders, was [called] by the president of said quorum, to instruct them, that they may prepare themselves for the holy anointing.

... They gave instructions concerning purification.

["Purification" ... consisted of having one's body washed and bathed with cinnamon-perfumed whiskey and later washing one's own body with pure water and perfume.] ...

[Kirtland Elder's Quorum Record, http://ogdenkraut.com/?page_id=414]

185 years ago today - Jan 25, 1836

First Presidency organizes the quorum of Seventies. Sylvester sees "a pillar of fire rest down and abide upon the heads of the quorum, as we stood in the midst of the twelve."

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

40 years ago today - Jan 24, 1981

The New York Times reports the conversion to the LDS church of Eldridge Cleaver, former Black Panther radical of the 1960s. He is the first nationally prominent African-American to convert to Mormonism. In 1995 he publicly reaffirms his faith in Mormonism, although he no longer actively attends LDS services.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

60 years ago today - Jan 24, 1961

Dr. Romney gave a progress report to Elder Lee, and it was "again suggested that all functions of all Auxiliaries be placed under the operation of Priesthood Quorums."

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

175 years ago today - Jan 24, 1846

Thirteen-year-old John Smith, son of Hyrum Smith, is ordained an elder in the Nauvoo Temple. Nine years later he is ordained Patriarch to the Church.

175 years ago today - Saturday Jan. 24th 1846

[Brigham Young]

I will drop the subject of the out laws - & refer to the enemy of all righetousness who- seek our downfall= he has sent bogus Factory & lying eire in abtescne medium- through the- country by wholesale - that we making Spurious Coin- & exchanging it by waggon loads- as Land office money & a thousand other lies all of which I pronounce to be a base fabricated lie - Nevertheless we may have to suffer repeiate wrones in consiquence of those falsehoods that are & will be circulated about us ... meeting adjourned at 2 P. M. after which I assended the stairs which led up into the celestial departments caled at the Dining room & took some refreshments- then repaired to room No. 1. where I continued at the Alter till near midnight.

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

180 years ago today - Jan 24, 1841

William Law: Ordained second counselor in First Presidency 24 Jan. 1841 but apparently the only member of First Presidency not designated as "Prophet, Seer, and Revelator" this year

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Jan 24, 1841

Hyrum Smith: Designated "a Prophet and Revelator" and ordained by Joseph Smith Jr. as Patriarch to the Church and Assistant President 24 Jan. 1841

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

225 years ago today - Jan 24, 1796

Joseph Smith (Sr.) and Lucy Mack are married in Tunbridge, Orange Co. Vermont by justice of the peace Seth Austin. Lucy comes from a house where the parents were divided on religious issues. She and her husband are similarly divided on religious issues until her son, Joseph Jr., unites the family under Mormonism.

25 years ago today - Jan 23, 1996

[Same-Sex Marriage]

The Hawaii Supreme Court rejects the churchs appeal of the circuit courts denial of the churchs petition to become a party to the Baehr case [Same Sex Marriage], and the court reiterates the reasons given by the circuit court as valid.

[Crapo, Richley, Chronology Of Mormon / LDS Involvement In Same-Sex Marriage Politics http://www.mormonsocialscience.org/?q=node/59]

45 years ago today - Jan 23, 1976

The Donny and Marie Show airs on U.S. national television and runs through January 1979, highlighting two members of the Osmond family performing group.

120 years ago today - Jan 23, 1901

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Met several of the 12 in office called up Bro[ther] [Charles W.] Penrose by telephone advised him not to notice [Salt Lake] 'Trib[une]' Ed[itorial]. he came up to see us. advised him to state facts and take no notice of scurrious Ed[itorial]. in Trib[une]. he agreed to do it. President [Lorenzo] Snow met me and invited me to meet himself and some of his brethren, at 12:30, in his office, which, I did when it was considered:''Is it wise for the President to bring suit against the [Salt Lake] Tribune for libel?' It was thought we would never have a better case. ... Pres[ident]. Snow submitted the Question and Elder Reed Smoot appeared most anxious to have Pres[ident]. Snow commence suit. Attorneys Young and Richards felt it was most proper to have Senator Tho[ma]s. Kearns to take the initiative and perhaps Senator Clark of Montana, when Pres[ident]. Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon came out strong against Pres[ident]. Snow assuming any such role,'he being President of our Church, it was beneath his dignity. At this Pres[ident]. Snow coincided and we all withdrew with the understanding that Tho[ma]s. Kearns is on the way to the President's office.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

140 years ago today - Jan 23, 1881

[Wilford Woodruff]

Predicts Joseph F. Smith will be president of church

[Kenney, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah, http://bit.ly/wwjournal]

170 years ago today - Jan 23, 1851

The after noon was spent in instructions in part by President Willard Richards to the Court & officers thereof in the grand jury room on the subject of the spirits manifested during the trial in the fore noon [regarding stealing a pair of pants] and salutary advice as to the proper mode of conducting Courts &c

I shall not attempt to describe the spirit and powers of darkness which was admitted and finally obtained the ascendancy in this Court.

Suffice it to say that I learned a lesson on the subject of the power and influence of spirits according to the lenity which may be granted them which I hope never to forget and is a warning never to admit a foul spirit where the Holy spirit should rule and direct either the affairs of State or Church.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 23, 1846

[William Clayton]

R. Miller reports that [James] Strang is making heavy breaches in the church, and drawing many after him. In one place 30 families have left the church and gone with him. It is also rumored that many of the saints here are full of Strangism and talking had in his favor. ... I read a copy of a letter perporting to be wrote by Prest. Joseph Smith on the 18th June 1844 in which he appoints Strang as his successor. The letter is a base forgery and is well calculated to deceive the simple minded and unfaithful.

It is also rumored that many are dissatisfied because the Twelve & some others are going West without taking the whole Church. This is a matter of impossibility and the saints have no cause for complaint. Amongst the rest are many of the Temple hands who are complaining much. ... My sister in law Lydia is in the way of apostacy. She went to Burlington last year but previous to her going she agreed to be sealed to me for time and eternity. She refused to be sealed to Joseph. While at Burlington she wrote pledging herself to her contract. When she came home she faultered and went out to fathers where she got entangled with my brother James and has resolved to marry him. She has lost her faith in the Church and is on the road to ruin, but so determined that no argument is of any use. The family feel sorry but cannot change her feelings. Her mother frets much about it.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - Jan 23, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

Br F. R. Tower ... informed how the mob intended to opperate ... He let me know that they had singled me out as an object of their revenge and was determined to take my life. They are also now trying to hire some daring person to secretly assassinate some of the Twelve. They have also some spies here who gives them news every day[.]

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 23, 1846

John Taylor: Nauvoo Temple sealing to Mary Rainsbottom (born 1826 in England) 23 January 1846.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

180 years ago today - Jan 23, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]

We then visited London Dock, & among many other things we saw one of the greatest curiosities in London or the world viz the Eastern wine vault.

... We had a tasting order & found the wine a good article. But it seemed dreadful to see such vast sums of money expended for intoxicating drinks ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jan 23, 1841

[Heber C. Kimball]

... we went in to the East Wine Volt [vault], one of the gratest in the world. ... We tasted the wine as we had tasting orders. ...

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

85 years ago today - Jan 22, 1936

Lowell L. Bennion, director of the University of Utah Institute of Religion, organizes the women's chapter of Lambda Delta Sigma (from the Greek letters of "LDS"), a men's organization that had been recently established at the institute and that paralleled the fraternities on campus at the University of Utah.

155 years ago today - Jan 22, 1866

Brigham Young authorizes J. H. Ellis (Worshipful Master of Mt. Moriah Lodge, U.D., F.&A.M.) to rent the Social Hall for "the organization of a Lodge of Masons."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

170 years ago today - Jan 22, 1851

The after noon the case of State vs John Brown In Larceny for stealing wheat from A. O. Smoot. The jury soon brought in a verdict of guilty and he was fined fifty dollars or on failure to pay to six months hard labor with ball and chain.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 22, 1846

George Harris stood as proxy for slain Mormon founder Joseph Smith and gave his own wife Lucinda Pendleton Morgan Harris "to Jos. Smith (deceased . . .) for time & all Eternity." Harris was then sealed to Lucinda as her husband until death.

Lyndon Cook notes that Lucinda had already been "Sealed for time and eternity to Joseph Smith Jr 1841-1842 Nauvoo . . . ," making this 1846 tableau a "Repeat sealing for time and eternity to Joseph Smith deceased . . ."

"The vicarious aspect of this ceremony," adds Cook, "is repetitious inasmuch as Lucinda Pendleton Morgan was antecedently sealed for time and eternity to Joseph Smith Jr deceased."

This is consistent with the repeat proxy sealings of another plural wife of Joseph Smith, Martha McBride Knight ...

Three days earlier, on January 19, 1846, Lucinda was recorded in the Book of Anointings ... under the name of "Lucinda Pendleton Smith." The same record shows ... Martha Knight ... recorded at her "Second Anointing" as "Martha Smith."

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source; Lyndon W. Cook, Nauvoo Marriages, Proxy Sealings, 1843-1846 (Provo, Utah: Grandin Book Company, 2004), entry 118, pp. 110-11; Lisle G. Brown, Nauvoo Sealings, Adoptions, and Anointings: A Comprehensive Register of Persons Receiving LDS Temple Ordinances, 1841-1846. Salt Lake City: The Smith-Pettit Foundation, 2006, 282 n. 269; Nauvoo Sealings, 283 n. 277]

185 years ago today - Jan 22, 1836

[Joseph Smith]

The Presidency then proceeded to consecrate the oil. We then laid our hands upon Elder Thomas B. Marsh who is the President of the 12 [Apostles] and ordained him to the authority of anointing his brethren. I then pour[eld the consecrated oil upon his head in the name of Jesus Christ and sealed such blessings upon him as the Lord put into my heart. The rest of the Presidency then laid their hands upon him and blessed him each in their turn beginning at the eldest. He [Elder Marsh] then anointed /and blessed/ his brethren from the oldest to the youngest. I also laid my hands upon them and pronounced many great and glorious [blessings] upon their heads. The heavens were opened and angels ministered unto US.

The 12 [Apostles] then proceeded to anoint and bless the Presidency of the 70 and seal upon their heads power and authority to anoint their brethren. The heavens were opened upon Elder Sylvester Smith and he leaping up exclaimed, "The Horsemen of Israel and the chariots thereof." Br[other] [Don] Carloss Smith was also annointed and blessed to preside over the High Priesthood....

The gift of toungs [tongues] fell upon us in mighty pow[e]r, angels mingled their voices with ours, while their presence was in our midst and unseasing pra[i]ses swelled our bosoms for the space of half an hour.

... We accordingly /closed/ our interview and returned home at about 2 o'clock in the morning. The spirit and visions of God attended me through the night.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1835-36, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

185 years ago today - Jan 22, 1836

Gov. Dunklin writes a letter to the brethren in Kirtland stating that there is really nothing that he can do to help the Saints in Missouri, for "want of a constitutional power."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 2:383-84]

55 years ago today - Jan 21, 1966

Benson's endorsement of the Birch Society in stake conference and the Logan LDS institute this month] disturbed Utah's Republican senator, a devoted Mormon. Senator Wallace Bennett urged David O. McKay's son to persuade the church president to disassociate himself from Benson's "very clever statement about your father which would seem to give your father's endorsement" to the Birch Society.

[Wallace F. Bennett to David Lawrence McKay, 21 Jan. 1966, folder 3, box 24, Bennett Papers, Western Americana, Marriott Library. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

90 years ago today - Jan 21, 1931

[Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Letter to the First Presidency]

We, the Council of the Twelve, to whom was referred the letter of Elder B. H. Roberts addressed to the First presidency, a criticism of a certain discourse delivered by Elder Joseph Fielding Smith and published in the Genealogical Magazine, October, 1930, beg leave to report that we have give the time of two rather lengthy meetings to this matter. At the first meeting Elder Roberts read and submitted a paper embodying his views at some length on the theory of pre-Adamic races, based on scientific investigation'a theory, we understand, which Elder Roberts has promulgated in some of his public utterances among the Latter-day Saints. At the second meeting Elder Joseph Fielding Smith read and submitted a paper in which he defended the claim he made in the sermon published in the Genealogical Magazine above referred to, viz.: that pre-Adamic races on the earth is simply a theory and not a Church doctrine, and is not true. This he sought to prove by quoting Joseph Smith, the Prophet, Brigham Young, Parley P. Pratt, Orson

Pratt, John Taylor and other high Church Authorities, particularly the late First Presidency, Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder and Anthon H. Lund. He also quoted a number of passages from the Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine & Covenants and Pearl of Great Price, pointing to the fact, as he construed them, that there were no pre-Adamic races of man on the earth, neither was there death upon the earth prior to the time of Adam. We quote a sentence from Elder Roberts' letter: 'If Elder Smith is merely putting forth his own opinions I call in question his competency to utter such dogmatism either as a scholar or as an Apostle. I am sure he is not competent to speak in such manner from general learning or special research work on the subject; nor as an Apostle, as in that case he would be in conflict with the plain implication at least of the scriptures, both ancient and modern, and with the teaching of a more experienced and learned and earlier Apostle than himself, and a contemporary of the Prophet Joseph Smith.' This reference and language we regard as very offensive on the part of Elder Roberts, who fails to show the deference due from one brother to another brother of higher rank in the Priesthood. However, it may be said that these brethren affirmed at the close of the meeting that they entertained no ill feeling, one toward the other. Elder Roberts' letter is herewith returned, and the two papers alluded to are now submitted to the Presidency. The Twelve await you further instructions relative to this matter, if you have any to give.

[Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Letter to the First Presidency, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

90 years ago today - Jan 21, 1931

[Joseph Fielding Smith]

In meeting, 2:30 with the council of the Apostles and B. H. R. where I answered B. H. R.'s accusation and acceptably to my brethren.

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

90 years ago today - Jan 21, 1931

[James E. Talmage]

Sat with the Council of the Twelve, which convened at 1:30 p.m., and listened with interest and profit to a lengthy paper read by Elder Joseph Fielding Smith, in reply to the paper presented by Elder B. H. Roberts, regarding the Antiquity of Man, and, as Elder Smith affirmed, the utter absence of death in any form upon the earth before the time of Adam's fall. Like the paper of Elder Roberts, this was taken under advisement.

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jan 21, 1901

[Apostle Abraham Owen Woodruff]

Am in to the fight for my candidate. Made a good showing. He got 18 votes when 19 were necessary to nominate.

Had a meeting with Mr. [Thomas] Kearns. He pledge[d] his honor to have the Constitutional amendment blocked. Said he would defend me in trouble with his own life.

[Abraham Owen Woodruff, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jan 21, 1896

Frank J. Cannon, son of Presidency First Counselor George Q. Cannon, is elected U.S. Senator by Utah Legislature by two votes over fellow Republican Arthur Brown. Cannon is defeated for reelection three years later. He becomes a Democrat and apostatizes from the Church. In 1911 he publishes UNDER THE PROPHET IN UTAH an expose of the involvement of LDS church presidents in politics. As editor of the SALT LAKE TRIBUNE he was a very active opponent of the LDS church.

175 years ago today - Jan 21, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Ellen Rockwood (1829-1866) (aged 16) first marriage

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Martha Bowker (1822-1890) (aged 23) first marriage

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

180 years ago today - Jan 21, 1841

In England Brigham Young and Willard Richards "completed the index [to the Book of Mormon began three days earlier], which was immediately put in type, and finished the printing of the first English edition of 5,000 copies."

185 years ago today - Jan 21, 1836

Washings and anointings begin. The First Presidency anoints Joseph Sr. with oil and blesses him as patriarch; he blesses each member. Anointing meetings continue through 28 January. Between 21 January and 1 May 1836, Saints see heavenly beings, hear heavenly choirs, and have other spiritual manifestations.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

185 years ago today - Jan 21, 1836

After dismissing Hebrew School for the day and attending "to the ordinance of washing our bodies in pure water we also perfumed our bodies and our heads in the name of the Lord" Joseph Smith receives a revelation in which he states "I saw father Adam, and Abraham and Michael and my father and mother, my brother Alvin that has long since slept[.]" After Joseph Smith's death the words "and Michael" are removed from the revelation because they contradict the teaching that Adam and Michael are the same personage. The altered revelation becomes section 137 of the DOCTRINE & COVENANTS. In the revelation Joseph also "saw the 12 Apostles of the Lamb, who are now upon the earth, who hold the keys of this last ministry, in foreign lands, standing together in a circle, much fatigued, with their clothes tattered and feet swol[l]en, and their eyes cast downward and Jesus standing in their midst, and they did not behold him. The Savior looked upon them and wept. . . . And I finally saw the Twelve in the celestial kingdom of God." This part of the revelation is not canonized. Many members of the Twelve Apostles at that time were later either excommunicated or apostatized.

20 years ago today - Jan 20, 2001

The Mormon Tabernacle choir performs at the inauguration of President George W. Bush.

[Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Newsroom, http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=036eb2987ff92110VgnVCM100000176f620aRCRDvgnextchannel=9ae411154963d010VgnVCM1000004e94610aRCRD]

40 years ago today - Jan 20, 1981

The Tabernacle Choir participated in the inaugural festivities for President Ronald Reagan.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

60 years ago today - Jan 20, 1961

Ezra Taft Benson resigns as Secretary of Agriculture. "When Mr. Benson's term came to a close," his successor asserted in 1969, "the Department of Agriculture not only was disorganized—it was demoralized."

His biographers asserted:

The last four years of Eisenhower's term constituted a period of mixed concepts and muddled improvisations. Expectations for the Soil Bank did not fully materialize and by 1960 the [government] again possessed large amounts of food and fiber. Costs exceeded those of any other program (even those of the Truman years). . . . [A]gricultural policy soon degenerated into an incongruous combination of open production and continued price supports. . . . Although Benson was perceptive and courageous, he seemed overly motivated by doctrinaire principles at a time when hard-pressed farmers needed sympathetic help and encouragement. This sincere man, who truly loved the land and those who tilled it, never fully realized that his political rhetoric sounded too much like didactic sermons from Salt Lake City's Temple Square.

Possessing "fortress-like faith" and "superb expertise in his field," according to his biographers, Benson broke through the inertia of established tradition and entrenched attitudes to show the way toward agricultural reform. His very habits of not compromising and never giving up, made him valuable in the political arena where selling out is too often elevated into a fine art.

. . . Being the recipient of political assaults brings joy to no one but Benson took comfort in the knowledge that in the end he would be vindicated.

...[T]he annals of history may reward Eisenhower's Secretary of Agriculture far more than his contemporaries. This would be a fitting tribute to Ezra Taft Benson, the man who put the people's welfare above party politics.

[Schapsmeier and Schapsmeier, "Eisenhower and Ezra Taft Benson", 378.; Schapsmeier and Schapsmeier, Ezra Taft Benson and the Politics of Agriculture , 274, 275, 276.; Gary James Bergera, "Weak-Kneed Republicans and Socialist Democrats": Ezra Taft Benson as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1953-61, Part 2, Dialogue : A Journal of Mormon Thought, (Winter 2008, vol 41)]

110 years ago today - Jan 20, 1911

[George Albert Smith]

"I am quite nervous at times. Have attended my Council meeting since New Years but don't stay all the time."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

135 years ago today - Jan 20, 1886

[George Q. Cannon]

... we got word that gave us considerable uneasiness and caused us to conclude that we could not longer stay where we were with any safety. The information which reached us was that the Marshal and his deputies had obtained a clue to our stopping place.... A violent south wind was blowing, the roads were in a wretched condition, and none of us knew exactly which was the best road, and the people [of Draper] were entirely unprepared for our reception. These considerations, with my condition of health; which was wretched, for I could scarcely hold my head up'caused me to lean towards going to the city. Finally, President [John] Taylor concluded that we would go there. ... We followed him and reached the place and received a warm welcome. ... I had ridden with considerable pain and could scarcely hold my head up ... but there was a girl (a stranger, whose mother had requested our host to take care of her while she made a visit) who was exceedingly prying and curious and had succeeded in discovering something in

relation to us, and she had become angry at some reproofs which our hostess had given her and gone off to her brother-in-law's house'an apostate. We consulted on this matter and became satisfied that a longer stay here was unsafe.

[George Q. Cannon, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Jan 20, 1886

Joseph Smith III, son of Joseph Smith Jr. and president of the Reorganized Church writes to his cousin John Henry Smith, an LDS apostle, "As the son of Joseph Smith, I have a son's right, independent of any religious obligation, to see that the name of my sire is not burdened with shame, obloquy, or unjust censure." He relates that after seriously considering joining the Mormons as a young man in 1853, he was told "by the voice of revelation, not to have anything to do with polygamy, except to oppose it." "If father had more wives than one," he writes, "it does not affect the rule given to the Church. It proves nothing only that he was a transgressor against the rule, and the civil law. From my view polygamy could not and never did emanate by command from God. It had [an]other source. Hence, Joseph Smith was not justified in its practice; nor is the practice defensible from the consideration that he did so."

160 years ago today - Jan 20, 1861

The President [Brigham Young] remarked to the Congregation that Elder John Taylor had engaged himself on the following Sunday to Mathematically prove that taxation is blessing to any community. -- SLC Tabernacle

[Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jan 20, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

... Franklin R. Tower who had been sent as a Spy to Warsawit Stated in Substance that They were forming Secret Societys to make arraingements to make a Simultanius attact on Nauvoo and the Temple both by land and water and at the Same time to have the officers to attempt the arrest of Some of the 12 & others. That they had Spies here who gave them news daily and that he had reason to believe that one of the guard was a Spy. That my life was to be taken by them if it could be & also the Twelve.that he was a member of their lodges and yet unsuspected. ...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

185 years ago today - Jan 20, 1836

[Joseph Smith]

... on a matrimonial occasion ...

I then envited them to Join hands and I pronounced the ceremony according to the rules and regulations of the Church of the Latter-day Saints. In the name of God and in the name of Jesus Christ, I pronounced upon them the blessings of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and such other blessings as the Lord put into my heart....

Eld[e]r O[rson] Hyde, Eld[e]r L[uke] Johnson, and Eld[e]r W[arren] Parrish who served on the occasion then presented the Presidency with three Servers filled with glasses of wine to bless. It fell to my lot to attend to this duty, which I cheerfully discharged. It was then passed round in order, then the cake in the Same order. Suffise it to say our hearts were made cheerful and glad, while partaking of the bounty of the earth which was presented untill we had taken our fill...

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1835-36, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

125 years ago today - Jan 19, 1896

Patriarchal Blessing of Joseph F. Smith Jr.

... It is thy privilege to live to a good old age and the will of the Lord that you should become a mighty man in Israel. Therefore, I say unto thee, reflect often upon the past, present, and future, and thou shalt realize that the hand of the Lord has been and is over thee for good, and that thy life has been preserved for a wise purpose. Thou shalt realize also that thou hast much to do in order to complete thy mission upon the earth.

It shall be thy duty to sit in counsel with thy brethren and to preside among the people. It shall be thy duty also to travel much at home and abroad, by land and water, laboring in the ministry. And I say unto thee, hold up thy head, lift up thy voice without fear or favor, as the Spirit of the Lord shall direct, and the blessings of the Lord shall rest upon thee. His spirit shall direct thy mind and give thee word and sentiment, that thou shalt confound the wisdom of the wicked and set at naught the counsels of the unjust. ... I say unto thee, remember that there is a God in Israel in whom we should trust. ... Thou shalt lay hands upon the sick and they shall recover, for this shall be one of thy gifts received through prayer and faith. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

130 years ago today - Jan 19, 1891

U.S. Supreme Court reverses the Utah courts and rules that children born within a year after the Edmunds Act are legitimate and can inherit from their fathers. Benjamin F. Johnson (original member of Joseph Smith's Council of Fifty) gives a patriarchal blessing to Mary L. Picton Teasdale: "Thou art of Ephraim and are entitled to all the priesthood, exaltations, increase and dominion pertaining to the daughters of Abraham in the New & Everlasting Covenant."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

140 years ago today - Jan 19, 1881

[Joseph F. Smith]

I took a doz[en]. towels to the E[ndowment]. H[ouse]. 2 p.m. ... President Taylor first read the 123 Sec[tion] of the Doctrine and Covenants (new edition). Then Bro[ther] Nuttall read a prayer which had been especially prepared by president W[ilford]. Woodruff. We then offered prayer, Brother Woodruff being mouth. We then washed our feet in pure water as a witness against those who persecuted and drove the Saints in Jackson co[unty]. Missouri in 1833, and those who tarred and feathered the prophet Joseph Smith in Hiram, Portage county, Ohio, also those who persecuted the Saints in Kirtland [Ohio], then those who persecuted them in Missouri, then the mobs of Illinois, and finally those who now are persecuting and rejoicing in the persecutions of the Saints. We then clothed in the garments of the priesthood, and offered prayer in the appointed way, calling upon God to remember all those referred to and all others aiding and abetting in the mobbings and drivings of the people of God. Brothers Rich, Hunter, and Nuttall did not clothe but were present all the time. ...

[Joseph F. Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

170 years ago today - Jan 19, 1851

[Brigham Young] informed the Saints the time had now Come to begin to prepare to build A temple & the people must pay their tithing & He requested the presidents of evry Quorum to take the names of evry member of their Quorum & they should sign a paper & covenant to pay their tithing & they who would not do it should be Cut off from the Church.

The ground wants to be laid off for a Temple & garden & materials prepared this season. A font wants to be built & the Endowments Commence As soon as possible. Those who went through the Temple at Nauvoo know but vary little about the endowments. Their was no time to learn them & what little they did learn they have most of them forgotton it.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 19, 1851

Utah legislature enacts law against "Sodomy" by "any man or boy," but removes sodomy from criminal code on 6 Mar. 1852, without explanation. As governor Brigham Young signs both laws. Due to absence of sodomy statute, Utah judge drops charges against soldier for raping LDS boy in 1864. Young claims Utah's legislators never criminalìzed sodomy and he declines to instruct them to do so for next twelve years. Utah legislators criminalize sodomy in 1876 only because federally appointed governor asks them to adopt entire Criminal Code of California which has five-year imprisonment for sodomy. For next twenty years LDS judges give 3-6 months of imprisonment to those convicted of homosexual rape, the same sentencing given to young males and females convicted of consensual fornication. Mormons of this era give no known explanations for any of these legislative and judicial actions/inactions.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

180 years ago today - Jan 19, 1841

Joseph Smith dictates a revelation on priesthood quorums and baptism for the dead. The revelation lists Hyrum Smith as patriarch before the church president and ascribes to him joint presidency over the church. It makes provision, for the first time, for a bishopric to preside over the entire church. The revelation says concerning John Bennett: "his reward shall not fail, if he receive counsel; and for his love he shall be great, for he shall be mine if he do this, saith the Lord."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Jan 19, 1841 (Tuesday)

Next Meeting—Joseph said that before foundation of the Earth in the Grand Counsel that the Spirits of all Men ware subject to opression & the express purpose of God in Giveing it a tabernicle was to arm it against the power of Darkness—for instance Jesus said Get behind me Satan Also the apostle said Resist the Devil & he will flee from you.

[Source: McIntire Minute Book -Words of Joseph Smith, 62 ]

180 years ago today - Jan 19, 1841 (Tuesday)

The Saints were commanded by revelation to build a Temple at Nauvoo, Ill., and also a "boarding house" for the accommodation of strangers, which subsequently became known as the Nauvoo House. The general authorities of the Church and other officers were named in the revelation, which also contains important explanations on the order of the Priesthood. (Doc. and Cov., Sec. 124.)

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

185 years ago today - Jan 19, 1836

The School of the Prophets commences their reading of the Bible in Hebrew. Joseph records that he is very excited about this. He prays that the Lord will "speedily endow us with the knowledge of all languages and tongues."

[History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 2:376-77; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

25 years ago today - Jan 18, 1996

Church announced that General Authorities would not longer serve on boards of corporate businesses.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

60 years ago today - Jan 18, 1961

All Sunday evening Auxiliary meetings were discontinued, except in the case of the Primary Association, which was allowed to hold one meeting on the first Sunday of May and of September for demonstrating to board members what the Primary was doing.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

155 years ago today - Jan 18, 1866

The Deseret Telegraph Company is chartered by the Utah legislature. President Lorenzo Snow sells this church business to Western Union on 8 Mar. 1900.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

170 years ago today - Jan 18, 1851

President B. Young said he was rejoiced to see such a spirit of reformation. Parties and dances have been carried to excess. He called it fiddling and faddling. -- Salt Lake City

[Lorenzo Brown Diary, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jan 18, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

... heard the report from Br. Patten who had been to Carthage as a spy ...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

190 years ago today - Jan 18, 1831

Eber D. Howe publishes an article on "Mormonism" and identifies followers as "Mormonites," becoming the first person to apply these terms in print for followers of Joseph Smith.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

75 years ago today - Jan 17, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]

Brother Lee and Brother Romney came to see me on three matters ... (2) We discussed the matter of shipments of meats to Europe, they having learned that it would be impossible to ship

meat to Europe without violating the law unless it had the Federal stamp for the killing and the Federal stamp for the packing. It was agreed that Bro. Romney should see the packing houses here and learn whether or not, in view of the destination of the meat, they would pack it for us at cost. (3) It was agreed that the Welfare would get a car loan of food stuffs packed already for shipment to Europe and that then they would bring the matter to the attention of the First Presidency.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

120 years ago today - Jan 17, 1901

[Abraham Owen Woodruff]

At 6 p.m. I called at the Beehive House and had a long talk with Pres[iden]t. Snow. He told me to take hold of [Thomas] Kearns campaign and do all I could to aid him. I promised him I would do so. Had along interview with Tho[ma]s. Kearns and begun to lay some plans. [Kearns is nominated & elected Senator six days later]

[Abraham Owen Woodruff, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

160 years ago today - Jan 17, 1861

The President [Brigham Young] remarked that the People were very unwilling to pay taxes, and men that ought to know better felt this also. ... `The neglecting the payment of taxes would run a nation into barbarism observed the President, The destitute and degraded condition of the Lamanites was through their fathers being opposed to principles of tithing and taxation.

[Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

John D. Lee receives his second anointing in the Nauvoo Temple. He records in his diary: "Thus we were conducted to Room No 2 where we received our anointings yea, Holy anointings in the Temple of the Lord under the hands of Elder Orson Hyde this certainly produced more joy comfort and pleasure & reconciliation of feeling than could possibly have been imagined."

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Sarah Arm Prichard, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Five children: Elisa Sarah, Sylvia, Lorenzo, Parintha, and Laurin Alvirus.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Mary Adaline Goddard, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Three children: Rosetta, Oliver, and Isadore.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Harriet Amelia Squires, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Five children: Abigail, Lucius Aaron, Alonzo Henry, Amelia Henrietta, and Celestia Armeda.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Charlotte Merrill Squires, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Two children: Leonora Charlotte and Roxcy Armatha.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

185 years ago today - Jan 17, 1836

while the First Presidency, the Twelve, the Seventy, and the Councilors of Kirtland and Zion are gathered together in conference, "the gift of tongues came on us also, like the rushing of a mighty wind". Five days later the gift of tongues again comes to this group "in mighty power".

40 years ago today - Jan 16, 1981

President Jimmy Carter awards the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom to Esther W. Eggertsen Peterson, a national consumer rights advocate and consumer affairs advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson. She is the first Latter-day Saint to be so honored.

55 years ago today - Jan 16, 1966

In January 1966 Benson endorsed the Birch Society and its program at stake conferences and at the LDS institute in Logan, Utah.

["LDS Apostle Backs Up Birch Group," Salt Lake Tribune, 16 Jan. 1966, B-14; "Speak Up! Says Ezra to Save Your Soul and Maybe Your Country," Fact Finder 24 (28 Feb. 1966). From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - Jan 16, 1966

Benson says "I know their [John Birch Society] leaders, I have attended two of their all-day Council meetings. I have read their literature. I feel I know their program." [September-October 1959] Benson took Thomas J. Anderson with him as a member of his entourage on an official trip to Europe, including a visit to the Soviet Union. At that time, Anderson was publisher of Farm and Ranch magazine as well as an influential member of the new Birch Society. By the time he accompanied Benson on a trip to the Far East in November 1960, Anderson was a member of the national governing council of the Birch Society.

["Benson Took Birchite on Tours," Washington Post, 12 July 1961, D-ll; "The Council," Vie John Birch Society Bulletin (Feb. 1960): 2. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

70 years ago today - Jan 16, 1951

An explanation is given that the age for missionaries had been lowered to nineteen because of complaints of the Selective Service that experienced men in 22-26 range were being called as missionaries and therefore not subject to the draft when needed.

[David O. McKay, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

90 years ago today - Jan 16, 1931

[Heber J. Grant]

President Clawson reported regarding the discussion between Joseph Fielding Smith and B. H. Roberts [regarding "pre-Adamites" / life before the fall]. We decided that the Twelve should hear the case before reporting to us. As Brother Roberts had appeared before the Twelve and stated his case it is only fair that they should hear Brother Smith also.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jan 16, 1896

Objection made to the exhibition, in a show window in this City, of photographs of the art glass windows of the interior of the Temple. Surprise was expressed that it had been photographed, and it was decided that it should be withdrawn from public exhibition.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Jan 16, 1886 (Saturday)

Apostle Lorenzo Snow was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment, $900 fine and costs, for u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]... Lorenzo Snow was given ten days in which to prepare his appeal, being placed under $15,000 bonds.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - Jan 16, 1881

Apostle Wilford Woodruff tells the conference of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association in Ogden, Utah that "there were thousands of young men living among this people now that would live to see the Savior come to the earth." He adds that they will "be changed to immortality in the twinkle of an eye without tasting death."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

185 years ago today - Jan 16, 1836

Upon complaints by the Quorum of Twelve Apostles, the First Presidency formally apologizes for not showing them due respect. Oliver Cowdery records in his journal: "met in the evening with bro. Joseph Smith, Jr. at his house, in company with bro. John Corrill, and after pure water was prepared, called upon the Lord and proceeded to wash each other's bodies, and bathe the same with whiskey, perfumed with cinnamon. This we did that we might be clean before the Lord for the Sabbath, confessing our sins and covenanting to be faithful to God. While performing this washing unto the Lord with solemnity, our minds were filled with many reflections upon the propriety of the same, and how the priests anciently used to wash always before ministering before the Lord. As we had nearly finished this purification, bro. Martin Harris came in and was also washed."

125 years ago today - Jan 15, 1896; Wednesday

Considerable excited comment followed the open letter on the Senatorial question by President George Q. Cannon, and much regret was expressed that he did not see his way clear to the acceptance of a nomination. ...

The following letter was received by the Presidency:

Washington, D.C. Jan[uary] 11th,

President Wilford Woodruff:

Dear Sir: -- The Republican Party in its present platform of 1895, asked the return of the real property escheated to the U.S. under the Acts of Congress heretofore passed upon this subject. The demand was made in response to the prevailing sentiment of the people of Utah irrespective of Church relations. I think I am within the fact when I assert that the Gentiles of Utah never favored the Legislation which deprived your Church of its property. Elected upon that platform and also believing that this demand was grounded in justice, I stand ready to do all in my power to accomplish the end sought. Therefore I would suggest that you have your Attorneys prepare a bill which shall meet the case in every particular, and forward the same to me and I will introduce the same and push it so far as I may be able. I had intended to draft a bill for this purpose myself, but upon mature consideration it seemed better to call your attention to the matter, and proceed as I have suggested.

Yours truly,

Clarence E. Allen.

Brother F[ranklin]. S. Richards, Attorney for the Church, was instructed to draw up a measure to meet Mr. Allen's suggestions.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

145 years ago today - Jan 15, 1876

Andrew J. Allen reported that two elders told a congregation in one of the Salt Lake Valley wards to avoid the gentiles and their dress, and to "look forward to the time when the saviour would come on the earth which would be soon not more than sixteen years according to the revelations Joseph Smith had received."

[The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

145 years ago today - Jan 15, 1876

In the evening J. F. Smith gave a lecture upon the history of Joseph Smith the Prophet. He said in 15 years the time would be up when the Lord told Joseph that he should see him, but it must be by him going to him in the spirit world.

[Diary Excerpts of Henry Ballard, Signature Books Library, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 15, 1851

First of Brigham Young's formal divorces from plural wives. He is only one formally dívorced while serving as church presídent. Joseph Smith informally ended several plural mariages, and four LDS presidents are formally divorced as apostles (John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, Lorenzo Snow, and Joseph F. Smith).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

I Stopped at home & put on an under garment for the first time to wear it& then met the Lodge at six it was a Regular Communication then went to the Temple & Staid all night

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

Mary Fielding Smith, widow of Hyrum Smith and Mother of Joseph F. Smith, sixth president of the church and grandmother of Joseph Fielding Smith, tenth president of the church, is sealed to Heber C. Kimball as a plural wife "for time" in the Nauvoo Temple. She had married him in Sep of 1844 (his eighth wife) but the marriage was not "sealed" at that time.

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Olive Andrews (1818-?) (aged 27) posthumous plural wife of Joseph Smith, Jr. sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for time

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Emily Haws (1823-?) (aged 22) widow of William Whitmarsh

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

180 years ago today - Jan 15, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]

I fell a sleep & dreamed of Cetching fish many large ones with my hands. I thought I told my Dream to a man who was putting up a gate post & he told me the interpretation was for me to make hast & Baptize as many as I Could in London, & organize & set in order the Church, Seal up my testimony in the City & return home in the Spring.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jan 15, 1841

[Heber C. Kimball]

She [Mrs. Sangivanah] gave me 2 silk Hankerchief one fore me the other to Elder W. We felt to say in the name of the Lord She shall Recieve an hundred fold in this life and Eternal life which is to come. We also ask The[e] O Lord in the name of Jesus Christ to open hur way that she may obay Thy gospell and be gethered to Zion with they peopl, and let us see it and Thy name shall have all the glory amen and amen.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

190 years ago today - Jan 15, 1831

[W. W. Phelps (while investigating the church)]

... [Martin Harris] is honest, and sincerely declares upon his soul's salvation that the book is true, and was interpreted by Joseph Smith, through a pair of silver spectacles, found with the plates. The places where they dug for the plates, in Manchester, are to be seen. When the plates were said to have been found, a copy of one or two lines of the characters, were taken by Mr. Harris to Utica, Albany and New York; at New York, they were shown to Dr. Mitchell, and he referred to professor Anthon who translated and declared them to be the ancient shorthand Egyptian. So much is true. The family of Smiths is poor, and generally ignorant in common learning. ...

[W. W. Phelps to E. D. Howe, 15 January 1831, in Larry E. Morris, I Should Have an Eye Single to the Glory of God: Joseph Smith's Account of the Angel and the Plates]

190 years ago today - Early 1831

John Whitmer said Satan "took a notion to blind the minds of some of the weaker ones, and made them think that an angel of the Lord appeared to them and showed them writings on the outside of the Bible, and on parchment, which flew through the air, and on the back of their hands, and many such foolish and vain thingsothers lost their strength, and some slid on the floor, and such like maneuvers, which proved greatly to the injury of the cause."

[F. Mark McKiernan and Roger D. Launius, eds., An Early Latter Day Saint History: The Book of John Whitmer, Kept by Commandment (Independence: Herald House, 1980), 36, in Dan Vogel and Scott C. Dunn, '"The Tongue of Angels": Glossolalia among Mormonism's Founders,' Journal of Mormon History Vol. 19, No. 2, 1993]

190 years ago today - about Jan 15, 1831

Fayette, New York. Joseph Smith reportedly saw in vision the face of Newel K. Whitney, who would later receive him and his wife, Emma Smith, in Kirtland, Ohio, on February 1.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

150 years ago today - Jan. 14th 1871

... Elder Sutton inquired if the fact of no issue justified divorcement giving his opinion that it did not.

Prest. Rich said in case of impotency in the man it is sometimes the practice for a woman to obtain a divorce and none of us he thought had the authority to say it is wrong. ...

[Paris ward - Bear Lake Stake - School of the Prophets minutes 1869-72, typescript by Michael Nielsen]

45 years ago today - Jan 14, 1976

Church president Spencer W. Kimball and other officials learn of the discovery of a 150-pound set of brass plates, bound by rings, that a man in England claims were brought from South America by his grandfather. The man, Bert Fuchs, also claims to have some parchments from ancient Hawaii (which had no written language), a sword with a jeweled handle, and an odd pair of spectacles. The artifacts are given to the Church. Fuchs and his family are baptized, later move to the United States, meet with President Kimball and are sealed in the Salt Lake Temple. Paul Cheesman, a BYU religion professor interested in Book of Mormon artifacts, goes to England to collect the relics for investigation and brings them to Salt Lake City. The investigation of the relics is kept secret even from the Church Historian's Department and their existence is never announced publicly. After it is found that the supposed relics are fraudulent, modern creations, Fuchs is excommunicated.

60 years ago today - Jan 14, 1961

[Joseph Fielding Smith]

Why did Adam come here? Not subject to death when he was placed upon the earth, there had to come a change in his body through the partaking of this element---whatever you want to call it, fruit---that brought blood into his body; and blood became the life of the body instead of spirit. And blood has in it the seeds of death, some mortal element. Mortality was created through the eating of the forbidden fruit, if you want to call it forbidden, but I think the Lord has made it clear that it was not forbidden. He merely said to Adam, if you want to stay here this is the situation. If so, don't eat it.

[Address given at LDS Institute of Religion; Joseph Fielding Smith; Salt Lake City, Utah; January 14, 1961, in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

65 years ago today - Jan 14, 1956

[David O. McKay]

At 4 p.m. went to the Salt Lake Temple where I went over the temple ceremony in the master book and also the various parts used by those taking part. Gord[o]n Hinckley who is getting a book ready for the Los Angeles Temple called my attention to minor discrepancies between the master book and the parts used by the various participants. Found that a few errors have been made in re-typing the parts.

[David O. McKay diary, Jan. 14, 1956, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

75 years ago today - Jan 14, 1946

European relief and call of Ezra Taft Benson as European Mission President...

In this position Elder Benson will attend to the spiritual affairs of the Saints in Europe as well as direct the work to make available food, clothing, and bedding for the members of the Church in these distressed areas. In excess of thirteen thousand packages have been shipped by the Church Welfare Program during the past several weeks. Plans are now being effected to send articles in carload quantities. Elder Benson takes to Europe his experience gained as secretary of the National Council of Farm Cooperatives.

[1946-January 14-Improvement Era 49:67, February, 1946, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

100 years ago today - Jan 14, 1921

[James E. Talmage]

In addition to other committee work I attended an afternoon session of the Book of Mormon committee, at which preliminary arrangements were made for hearing some of the proponents of different views on Book of Mormon geography. Many varied and conflicting views concerning the location of Book of Mormon lands have been advocated amongst our people; and not a few maps have been put out. With all the precautions taken to make plain the fact that these maps have been intended as suggestive presentations only, we find some people accepting one map and others another as authoritative. The matter was brought before the Council through the receipt of a communication from Elder Joel Ricks of Logan, who several years ago published a map, of which over 6000 have been disposed of. Brother Ricks and several other good brethren have voiced a sort of complaint that they have had no opportunity to present their views, with the fulness they would desire, before the Church authorities. The entire matter was referred to the Book of Mormon committee; and today appointments were made for the beginning of the series of hearings.

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Jan 14, 1886

Had an important meeting at Bro[ther] Jos[eph] F. Smith, Pres[iden]t Cannon & Woodruff, E[rastus]. Snow, F[ranklin]. D. Richard Richards B[righam]. Y[oung]. [Jr.] M[oses]. T[hatcher]. F[rancis]. M. L[yman]. J[ohn]. H[enry]. S[mith]. H[eber]. J. G[rant]. Jno. [John] W. Taylor talked business of saving church property from Gov[ernment] thieves.

[They decide "it was best to get rid of the Church property." Subsequently church property throughout Utah was put into newly formed corporations to avoid seizure by the federal government.]

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

160 years ago today - Jan 14, 1861

Brigham Young's office journal records: "Bp Edward E. Hunter asked the President if he did not think our dancing parties were Kept open too late. The President said he should say no more about it. He formerly had wished the Bps to close early and he had always left the dances early by way of example of himself but he did know that a Bp knew a word about it."

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

... Just as dinner was ready an express came from the Temple for me forthwith whereupon Scott and I went immediately with out waiting for dinner. I was there notified by President B. Young to send spies out in different parts of the country to watch and report the proceedings of the mob –

I committed the business of sending spies out in Iowa to Sanford Porter who lives in Iowahe was to send some three or dour in different directions to watch their movements and let us know when anythings is going on among them against us...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1846

John Taylor: Nauvoo Temple sealing to Elizabeth Kaighin (born 1811 in Isle of Man) 14 January 1846.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Margaret Alley (1825-1852) (aged 20) first marriage 2 children

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

185 years ago today - Jan 14, 1836

Joseph Smith writes of performing a marriage ceremony after which "We then took some refreshment and our hearts were made glad with the fruit of the vine. This is according to pattern Set by our Saviour himself and we feel disposed to patronize all the institutions of heaven."

160 years ago today - Jan 13, 1861

In speaking of the Government President Young said the United States Goverment was in the fix that the man was that had to swim a river or meet a Lion. If He swam the river He would drown. If he met the Lion he would be devoured. So with the United States they are bound to be destroyed. Those things which [they] wished to bring Upon us shall Come upon them.

...President Young spoke of one Bally who Cursed Joseph Smith & the God that Called him to be a prophet & the man was taken Crazy on the Ground was taken home & died insane.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jan 13, 1856

[Wilford Woodruff]

On the return of the brethren from meeting they informed me that President Brigham Young had preached one of the greatest sermons he had ever deliverd on earth.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jan 13, 1856

Brigham Young preaches: "The Lamanites on this Continent are Manassehites almost exclusively. There is but little of the seed of Ephraim among them. They are counted as the seed of Abraham and they must be saved or they would not have become so loathsome as they are. They are punished in the flesh to make attonement in the flesh for their sins & transgressions . . . The seed of Abraham has not been counted for many years NOR NEVER WILL BE AGAIN. If an Angel as to commence now to number them all when he had got the numbers together before they could be compiled there would be a great number more born during the time of there numeration so they could not be numbered & this is the reason why his seed Cannot be numbered. . . . We will administer in the Temple which we have now begun & that is one point gained & we will seal men to men by the highest keys of the Holy Priesthood. This is the highest ordinance. It is the last ordinance of the kingdom of God on the earth and aboe all the endowments that can be given you. It is a finall sealing an Eternal Principle and when once made cannot be broaken by the Devel."

175 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan 13, 1846

Nauvoo Temple Attic

said that ["]the saying of the Prophets would never be verified unless the House of the Lord be reared in the Tops of the Mountains & the Proud Banner of Liberty wave over the Valley's that are within the Mountains & I know where the spot is & I know how to make the Flag. Jos[eph Smith] sent out the coulours (colors)-& said where ever the coulours settled there would be the spot. There is another thing that I wish to say to this council[,] let an influence go out = we intend that every worthy man will recieve his endowment if not here [Nauvoo] he will have it in the wilderness.["]

[John D. Lee diary, "1844 Supplement", as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan 13, 1846

Nauvoo Temple Attic

A council was held in the Temple. The Captains of Fifties and Tens made reports of the number in their respective companies, who were prepared to start West immediately, should the persecutions of our enemies compel us to do so: one hundred and forty horses and seventy wagons were reported ready for immediate service.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

185 years ago today - Jan 13, 1836

Joseph meets in council with the Missouri and Kirtland stake presidencies. Various changes in assignments in priesthood are made at this time; vacancies are filled. New officers are then set apart. Sidney Rigdon is administered to and healed from an ailment. Sidney then speaks on the subject of endowment and the meeting is concluded. Joseph records, "This has been one of the best days that I ever spent." (History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 2:364-68.)

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jan 13, 1831

Missionaries arrive at Independence. Peter Whitmer works as a tailor and Ziba Peterson as a teacher to support the mission while Oliver, Parley, and Frederick cross into Indian territory to convert the Lamanites. (They are expelled in a few days by an Indian agent enforcing federal laws prohibiting unauthorized whites in the territory.)

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

55 years ago today - Jan 12, 1966

[David O. McKay]

Consideration was given to a letter from H---- B---- de E----, also a letter from Bishop K----F-------- S----- and Counselors * , these letters having reference to the problems involved in this sister's marriage to a Negro. She became a member in 1961, received her endowments in 1963, and was divorced from her former husband in 1965. She has subsequently married a Negro non-member, and has been told by the Bishopric that no further Temple visits would be allowed her, and that because of her marriage to a Negro her Temple endowments are ineffective. It was decided to write the bishopric asking that they inform this sister that the fact of her marriage to a Negro does not cancel her endowments; that, however, under the circumstances she should not be recommended to the Temple for further ordinance work. The Bishopric also are to be told that any children born of this marriage cannot hold the Priesthood; however, there is no reason why she cannot be active in the Ward and Stake.

[David O. McKay diary, Jan. 12, 1966; hyphens added to conceal names, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

135 years ago today - Wednesday, Jan. 12th, 1886

[General Authority Abraham H. Cannon]

Bro. Thatcher prophesied that if the people would do right they would be prospered here and would. . .

I dwelt on the return of the Saints to Jackson Co. and their final destiny. I felt quite free after getting started and several of the brethren said they were glad I had touched upon the subjects I did, for many of the Saints are beginning to lose sight of the fact that we are to return to Jackson Co. and there build up the Center Stake.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Jan 12, 1881

[Franklin D. Richards]

J[oseph]. F. S[mith]. Prayed and appointed next Wednesday to meet and wash our feet against certain of our enemies, and bearing witness against them before the Lord.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

170 years ago today - Jan 12, 1851

President Brigham Young, preaching against "swareing or takeing the name of God in vain," says "the time might Come when the Lord would require him & the Elders of Israel to sharpen up their swords & go fourth & hew down the wicked in their midst. He said any Righteous man that Herd any one of his Children take the name of God in vain that He might whip them until He was satisfied."

[Wilford Woodruff Journal Vol 4, pg 3, also http://ogdenkraut.com/Wilford%20Woodruff%20Journal%20Excerpts.htm quoted here , [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

170 years ago today - Jan 12, 1851 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]

"I think more of men who are polite and do not come into the church - than those who do come in "

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jan 12, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

This morning about 2 oclock A. m. I was awoke by Joseph Taylor who had come from the Temple to let me know that the troops from Carthage were coming in and I immediately arose and went to the Temple and found some of the guard present[.] The Twelve were some of them up and on the ground and so I sent out spies to see where they had gone to. Near daylight I was informed that they had taken Andrew Colton and sent him to carthage and a party remained till day for what we knew not. In the mein time I had sent for all the guard to be called together at the Temple and there be ready for an emergency...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 12, 1846

Apostle Parley P Pratt: accused by Apostle Orson Pratt the 12 Jan. 1846 before Twelve that while on mission he (Parley P Pratt ) would "seduce girls or females and sleep & have connexion with them contrary to the law of God," Parley P Pratt said this was a misunderstanding of cohabiting with plural wives, though he did not inform Brigham Young of an unauthorized relationship with Phoebe Soper

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jan 12, 1846

Young tells a temple congregation that General instructed him in the colors and design of a flag that he intends to unfurl in the "valleys that are within the Mountains." The Flag of the Kingdom of God proved to be similar to the American flag but with twelve white stars encircling one large star, and blue and white stripes.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - 12 [Jan 1846]

[Brigham Young]

The remainder of the day I spent at the alter officiating in the ordinances of sealing -- In the evening Evan M. Greene: my clerk through sickness was compelled to retire from his labour Br. John D. Lee I appointed to take his place there being a few records to be kept sepperately & apart containing the first Sealings of the living & of Proxy of adoptions & also that of the 2nd anointings which I found to be quite a task for one man to perform therefore I employed Bro. Franklin D. Richard to assist in keeping those Records above aluded too- Such was the anxiety manifested by the Saints to receive the ordinances of Endowment & no less on our part to have them get the keys of the Priesthood- that I gave myself up entirely to the work of the Lord in the Temple almost night & Day I have spent not taking more than 4 hours upon an average out of 24 to Sleep- - - & but seldom ever allowing myself the the time & opportunity of going home once in a week---

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

180 years ago today - Jan 12, 1841

Joseph Smith teaches that not all sin is vice and that murders cannot be redeemed in this life.

[http://www.boap.org/LDS/Parallel/1841/12Jan41.html The McIntire Minute Book , [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

185 years ago today - Jan 12, 1836

The Kirtland High Council nominates a committee to draft rules for the soon-to-be-dedicated Kirtland temple. The committee consists of Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, W.W. Phelps, David Whitmer, and Hyrum Smith. The rules drafted include: "1st It is according to the rules and regulations of regular & legal organized bodies to have a president to keep order. "2nd The body thus organized are under obligations to be in subjection to that authority." ". . .No man shall be interrupted who is appointed to speak by permission of the Church, by any individual person or persons in the congregation, by whispering, by laughing, by talking, by menacing gestures, by getting up and running out in a disorderly manner, or by offering indignity to the manner of worship, or the religion, or to any officer of said Church while officiating in his office, in any wise whatever by any display of ill manners or ill breeding from old or young, rich or poor, male or female, bond or free, black or white, believer or unbeliever and if any of the above insults are offered, such measures will be taken as are lawful to punish the aggressor or aggressors and eject them out of the House. . . ." "6th All persons are prohibited [from] cutting, marking or maiming the inside or outside of the House with a knife, pencil or any other instrument whatever, under pain of such penalty as the law shall inflict. "7th all children are prohibited from assembling in the House above or below or in any part of it to play or for recreation at any time and all parents, guardians or masters shall be amenable for all damage that shall occur in consequence of their children. "8th All persons whether believer or unbelievers shall be treated with due respect by the authorities of the Church."

190 years ago today - Jan 12, 1831

Dispatched from New York in accordance with a now-unknown revelation, John Whitmer arrives in Kirtland with the newly revealed book of Moses and other revelations designating Kirtland as the eastern edge of the land of Zion—which extends to the Pacific Ocean—and directing the Saints not to sell their lands, but rather to purchase as much as they can.

[Painesville [Ohio] Telegraph, Eber D. Howe, ed.http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/OH/paintel2.htm#011831 copy here , [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

30 years ago today - Jan 11, 1991

The Church News publishes an official statement that in special circumstances LDS couples "should consider abortion only after consulting with each other, and their bishop, and receiving divine confirmation through prayer." This returns to the First Presidency's flexible policy on abortion prior to J. Reuben Clark's death thirty years ago.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

75 years ago today - Jan 11, 1946

Bro Hunter Has invitation from an historical society to review [Fawn] Brodie book ["No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith"}. Bro Smith asked me to talk with him which I did, giving some general ideas I had about the Prophet and his work.'Pres Smith suggested that we let Bro Hunter try his hands and see how it looked.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

135 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan. 11th, 1886

[Abraham H. Cannon]

After supper and the presenting of our recommends, Bros. Snow and Thatcher went into the south room of Bro. Johnson's house and about 8:30 o'clock married D. C. Young and M. P. Hardy, after which M. E. C. and I were united in the holy bonds of matrimony by Apostle Snow. Bro. Thatcher acting as a witness. I gave the former $10.00 for his kindness. We then made our beds in wagons, as there was no room in the house for us, and my bridal chamber was Bro. Snow's light wagon which was made quite comfortable with a feather bed and the curtains being all fastened down. Altogether our union has been rather romantic.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Jan 11, 1846

[Nauvoo Temple]

First sealings of children to parents administered, but only for the living.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Jan 11, 1846

Brigham Young receives second anointing from Heber C. Kimball

[The Temple Timeline (Masons, Ancient Temples, Garments and a Lot More), http://www.exploringmormonism.com/the-temple-timeline-masons-ancient-temples-garments-and-a-lot-more/]

175 years ago today - Jan 11, 1846

Sarah Pratt (legal wife of Orson Pratt) told Mary Ann Pratt (legal wife of Parley P. Pratt, Orson's brother) that Parley was the father of Belinda Marden's baby's. Belinda was living at the Pratt home and had been secretly sealed to Parley without Mary Ann's knowledge. Parley confronted Sarah during the temple session, accusing her of "influencing his wife against him, and of ruining and breaking up his family," as well as "being an apostate, and of speaking against the heads of the Church and against him." Orson strongly defended his wife and after a vote, they were both expelled from the temple.

[Richard S. Van Wagoner, "Sarah M. Pratt: The Shaping of An Apostate," Dialogue, Vol.19, No.2, p.85]

175 years ago today - Sunday, Jan 11, 1846

Nauvoo Temple Attic

About this time Brigham Young proposed leaving the United States, [saying] that if the Mormons were let [to] remain in peace, that he would leave the State, taking with him all the official members, and this exodus should begin before the springing of the grass in the ensuing spring. The remainder of the fall [winter] was taken up in negotiations with the people who wished us out of the country. From this time forward all was hurry and bustle, active preparations going on for the early exodus of the Saints from the city that the God of heaven had chosen to establish them in righteousness, if they would but keep his commandments.

[George Miller letter, Northern Islander, Michigan, 1855, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

40 years ago today - Jan 10, 1981

Fawn McKay Brodie, niece of David O. McKay and author of NO MAN KNOWS MY HISTORY (for which she was excommunicated) dies of cancer in Santa Monica, California at age 65. During her last months she refuses pain medication fearing that it will interfere with her final work - a biography of Richard Nixon. She does, however, ask for and receive a blessing from her active, LDS brother. This later leads to the false rumor that she returned to the Church at the end. At the time she states, "any exaggeration about my requests for a blessing meaning that I was asking to be taken back into the Church at that moment I strictly repudiate and would for all time." Her remains are cremated and the ashes scattered to the wind over the Pacific Palisades area she loved and protected.

90 years ago today - Jan 10, 1931

[Joseph Fielding Smith]

At the H[istorian's] O[ffice] preparing reply to B H Roberts' paper on the Pre-Adamites.

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - Jan 10, 1906

First Council of Seventy instructs B.H. Roberts to go to Los Angeles for "recuperation" from "a weakness for liquor that had fastened itself upon him." Roberts confessed his problem to the Council in 1901, and its senior president writes in 1908 that he "has been many times much the worse for Liquor in so much that his brethren of the Council have had to take up a labor with him."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jan 10, 1901

Apostle Reed Smoot ... Referred to some of the fast meetings in Provo last Sunday and said the spirit and power of testimony rested upon the people and the gifts of the gospel were manifested. One brother spoke in tongues to the effect that the impressions given to Pres. Snow of late regarding the redemption of the center stake of Zion and the building of the great temple were from the Lord and such event would transpire much sooner than many supposed.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

175 years ago today - Jan 10, 1846

Two twelve year olds sealed together in Nauvoo Temple each married other spouses in Utah

"On about January 10, 1846, I was privileged to go in the temple… I was sealed to a lovely young girl named Mary, who was about my age, but it was with the understanding that we were not to live together as man and wife until we were 16 years of age. The reason that some were sealed so young was because we knew that we would have to go West and wait many a long time for another temple".

[Mosiah Lyman Hancock Autobiography (1834-1865), typescript, BYU-S; published version by Pioneer Press, Salt Lake City, undated, 20-21; Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

180 years ago today - Jan 10, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]

Sister Redman thinks it is the hand of God to bring her to London to help rool on the work of God in this city. She has tried to find us many days, but no one would tell her. On Saturday night she dreamed if she would go to Goswell Road she would see two women & if she followed them it would lead her to the place of meeting. She did so & herd my voice while I was speaking & came into meeting & communed with us. It was a joyful meeting indeed.

She had a vision a few nights since of being called before her Majesty, the Queen Victoria & confined in London Tower because of her religion.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Before Jan 10, 1831

John Corrill, later a convert, visited Kirtland where he said he heard Mormons "speak in tongues unknown to me," and was informed by some non-Mormons who were present "that the tongues were regular Indian dialects, which I was also informed, on inquiry, the persons who spoke had never learned."

[John Corrill, A Brief History of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, (Commonly Called Mormons) . . . (St. Louis: John Corrill, 1839), 9; Dan Vogel and Scott C. Dunn, '"The Tongue of Angels": Glossolalia among Mormonism's Founders,' Journal of Mormon History Vol. 19, No. 2, 1993]

125 years ago today - Jan 9, 1896

[Marriner W. Merrill]

Thursday. I went to Savage's Art Gallery and paid $6.00 cash for a picture frame for my photo to hang up in the Annex of the Salt Lake Temple, the Twelve Apostles all having their photos there. I went to the President's office to get my over shoes, as President Woodruff had taken them in mistake and left his, which were too small for me. I found he had gone home and worn them, so I had to buy another pair at Z. C. M. I., which cost me $1.50.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]