40 years ago today - May 17, 1982

Former Mormon Ed Decker writes to Victor L. Brown, Presiding Bishop: "The Mormon excommunication system brings a stigma with it that generates an aroma of 'stink' about the persons requesting separation. It has caused divorces, economic hardships, social shunning, and many other problems-all in the name of righteous judgment. We are at the point that we must require some system that will allow a decent withdrawal of membership. Item 4, page 72 of the General Handbook of Instructions allows for such an act of free agency. Yet, to the general membership, excommunication has to fall into the categories of Moral Transgression found on the preceding page of the handbook! Not only are we dumped together as having some kind of secret sins too awful to mention to decent people; but categorically have no honor or witnesses (unless approved by the court) on your own behalf within the trial procedures." The Church later allows members to resign without excommunication.

65 years ago today - Fri May 17, 1957

[David O. McKay Office Journal]

8:30 a.m. This morning my counselors--Presidents Richards and Clark--viewed the M.I.A. film "How Near to the Angels" which was shown in the Church Office Projection Room. We decided that the film is very excellent, but it was my judgment that it would be better not to use it for showing in the Missions of the Church as it will only intensify the problem that our young girls are now facing with relation to meeting young men who are worthy of taking them to the Temple. There is a question in our minds whether it is best for them to go through life unmarried rather than marry outside of the Church as we feel there are many good men in the world that they could marry with the possibility that they may bring them into the Church later.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

120 years ago today - May 17, 1902; Saturday

[Anthony Ivins]

... This was ballroom dancing. To square dancers, it seemed that ballroom couples moved in circles around the floor and held each other in an extended hug as they did so. Church leaders were equally opposed to "spinning on the corners" in square danc- ing because it involved physical contact.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

130 years ago today - Tuesday, May 17, 1892

[John Henry Smith]

I returned to the City [from Rock Springs, Wyoming] and talked over with the Presidency ... Bro. M. Thatcher's great speach and the satanic part of it.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - May 17, 1882

At 10-a.m. Met in council John Smith & M[oses]. Thatcher prayed Letters from Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon & Pres[iden]t. [John] Taylor were read. Judge Jeremiah Black of Philadelphia [Pennsylvania] can be retained for $5,000'He thinks we ought to resist the Commissioners & their operations under the Edmunds Bill. It was voted to retain him on behalf of the Church to plan our operations and direct the methods of our warfare on defensive and voted to address 2 or three questions to him through Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon. Deliberated on establishing a central arrangement for selling wagons & machinery to people.

[Franklin D. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - May 17, 1877

President John Young breaks ground for the Logan Temple (later the Logan Utah Temple).

165 years ago today - May 17, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]

E. D. Woolly spoke in the morning. Said he had been troubled with an evil spirit all night & He felt that the stand was lean & the Congregation was lean &c.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 17, 1847

President Young reproved sharply the hunters for killing more game than was necessary

[Wilford Woodruff Journal; WW 285-286, in Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

180 years ago today - May 17, 1842

John C. Bennett resigns as Mayor of Nauvoo. Joseph Smith writes to Church Recorder James Sloan, "You will be so good as to permit Bennett to withdraw his name from the Church record, if he desires to do so, and this with the best of feelings towards you and General Bennett" Two days later Joseph Smith is elected Mayor by the Nauvoo City Council. His first official act is to ask for the establishment of a "night watch etc." for "counteracting the designs of our enemies, . . . whereupon the council resolved that the mayor be authorized to establish a night watch, and control the same." At that time Joseph asks Bennett if he had anything against him. Bennett responds: "I know what I am about, and the heads of the Church know what they are about, I expect. I have no difficulty with the heads of the Church. I publicly avow that any one who has said that I have stated that General Smith has given me authority to hold illicit intercourse with women is a liar in the face of God"

30 years ago today - May 16, 1992

The Deseret News reports that students at Ricks College, the second largest LDS school, elected twin sisters, Kris and Kim Shelley, as president and vice-president of students. The was the first female president there since World War II, during the shortage of male students.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

70 years ago today - May 16, 1952

[Stephen L. Richards]

President Richards mentioned that Rabbi Fink had talked to the students at the B.Y.U. on racial discrimination, and said we don't always get the right stand on this so-called broadmindedness and tolerance, which sometimes is inconsistent with the real doctrines of the Gospel. Said he didn't know that Rabbi Fink did any harm just talking to the general proposition of racial discrimination, but the more we give recognition to these so-called liberals, the more we hazard to a small degree at least the true concepts of our youth with reference to the intolerance of the Lord's word, as it always has been and always will be intolerant of other than the true interpretation.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

120 years ago today - May 16, 1902

Benjamin Cluff is sustained as president of Brigham Young Academy (later BYU) but "censured for some of his doings in trip to the South Land." On an ill-fated expedition to South America to find evidence supporting the Book of Mormon the previous year Cluff had taken a plural wife.

135 years ago today - May 16, 1887

[Joseph Rogers]

I was often in Palmyra, and was well acquainted with Jo Smith, who became the Mormon prophet. When a young man he claimed to receive revelations from the Lord where treasures were buried. He told Peter Rupert and Mr. Cunningham, a blacksmith (simple-minded old men), that there was a chest of gold buried on my brother-in-law, Henry Murphy's, farm, under a beech tree. Henry's younger brother, Jack, said that must be stopped, and he obtained some filth in a sap bucket and got up in the beech tree before they arrived in the evening. They came and Mr. Rupert held the Bible open and a lighted candle as prophet Jo directed, while Peter dug for the chest of gold. Jack called Peter three times and he looked up and said, "Here am I, Lord," and received the filth in his face. Peter told me and others that the Lord chastised him and he had to stop his digging. He said he paid Jo for the information. I told him he ought not to believe Jo, for he was a liar and imposter. He said Jo would put a spell on him and that he would have to stand two weeks. He said Jo had perfect command over men. He believed he was a prophet. ... Many of Jo's victims were from New Jersey and believed in witches and ghosts. He could not fool the New England or York State Yankees. Jo Smith and his adherents dug a cave in a hill in Manchester, N.Y., and used to go there, he said, to consult with the Lord. He had a door at the entrance fastened with a padlock. The sheriff took possession and found much property which had been stolen from farmers about there. Jo had left for Ohio. It was believed that Jo intended to remove the property.

... His father, old Jo, was called a devil. He was very intemperate, profane and vulgar in conversation. Jo, the prophet, said much about his troubles with the devil and that he, the devil, got the better of him much of the time.

. . . But few persons about Palmyra and Manchester became Mormons. Jo, the prophet, pretended to tell fortunes for pay. He could read the character of men readily and could tell who he could dupe.

[Naked Truths About Mormonism (April 1888): 1., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Rogers Statement]

140 years ago today - May 16, 1882

[Wilford Woodruff]

John Parry Died to day Master Mason of Logan Temple.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 16, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

16 There was 119 Endowments & 37 Elders ordained. D H Cannon sealed 16 Couple J D. T. McAllister 30 Couple and gave two second Anointing and Adopted 8. I thought I was poisond to death to day with a tea made of Indian root which was recommended good for my lungs. After swallowing 3 tea spoonfulls I turned deadly sick for two hours. I felt as though I would die. I drank sweet oil, No 6, and Cayenne pepper tea which finally eased my distress. There was quite a Change Came over my whole system in the Evening. I rested well through the night. Br George Jarvis watched with me for several nights.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 16, 1852. Sunday.

[William Clayton]

At 2 o clock D. B. Huntington talked to the Indians who live in this neighborhood. He told them to quite stealing from the Mormons and go to work as Mormons do. He told them to cease killing Indians told them the doctrine of baptism hinted at the resurrection, and told them that God made the land for Mormons as well as them. He advised them to cease trading children to the Spaniards, but if the[y] will trade children let the Mormons have them that they may be taught to read and write and be clothed like Mormons are. If they will go to work as Mormons do, in a while they will have cattle and houses and wagons as the Mormons have.

Canosha their chief replied, that he heard what has been said and it is good and they will do it. They will not Rile any more, nor steal from the Mormons but will go to work. He says, when they see the Mormons eat cattle and they are hungry it is hard work to keep from Killing them, but they will Kill no more. They appeared pleased with the conversation.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - May 16, 1847

William Clayton writes, "About noon today Brother Appleton Harmon completed the machinery on the wagon called a 'roadometer' by adding a wheel to revolve once in ten miles, showing each mile and also each quarter mile we travel, and then casing the whole over so as to secure it from the weather. We are now prepared to tell accurately the distance we travel from day to day, which will supercede the idea of guessing, and be a satisfaction not only to this Camp, but to all who hereafter travel this way." Earlier Clayton was upset that Harmon had been "trying to have it understood that he invented the machinery" rather than simply having constructed it following Clayton's and Orson Pratt's instructions.

180 years ago today - May 16, 1842

Former assistant president John C. Bennett resigns as mayor, is disfellowshipped on 25 May, and expelled as a Mason by 16 June. An order of excommunication is drawn up on 11 May but not published until 23 June.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

180 years ago today - May 16, 1842

Joseph publishes facsimile No. 3 from the Book of Abraham on the front page of the Times and Seasons.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

105 years ago today - May 15, 1917

Closing date to enter the Presiding Bishopric's contest: "With a view of stimulating the production of foodstuffs which may be badly needed in these war times,.the Trustee-in-Trust offers to any ward quorum of the priesthood, or any ward Relief Society, Young Men's or Young Ladies' Mutual Improvement Association, Sunday School, Primary Association or Religion Class, for the best yield from one acre of potatoes, $1,000; for the second best, $500; third best, $250; and for the best yield from five acres of spring wheat, $1,000; for second best, $500; third best, $250."

140 years ago today - May 15, 1882

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 I received a letter from A. F. McDonald. Sister Hamblin Called and asked some advice.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 15, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

15th There was 701 Baptized to day for the dead. J D T McAllister sealed 1 Couple. I was vary weak through the day. Rested well at night.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - May 15, 1872

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 I spent the day Making fence.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

Returns to Salt Lake City

[Kenney, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah, http://bit.ly/wwjournal]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 We drove to Lehi and dined. We then drove to Great salt Lake City and there met with a warm reception by meeting with Ten thousand Men, women & Children parraded in the street with there banners a flying bareing mottoes. It was a glorious Sight. 55 M.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 15, 1862 - Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Thursday, May 15th, 1862. I slept very soundly all night and felt much refreshed this morning. There was more motion than there had been and it affected me to unpleasantly to a slight extent. I was able to eat a light breakfast. We came in sight of Queenstown a few minutes after 11 a.m. and dropped anchor about 1/2 past 11. This harbor is most beautiful and the surrounding country presents a very fine appearance. The surface of the bay is as smooth as glass and everything is pleasing to look upon. There are a number of vessels lying at anchor in the harbor. This place, until the Queen's visit to Ireland, was called the Cove of Cork. She landed here, and it changed its name and since then it has grown into an importance which it previously did not possess. Cork is 10 miles up the river. We expect to remain here until nearly 4 p.m. I wrote a long letter to Elizabeth. Loaded all the steerage passengers we could carry and some more Cabin do.

I have been very sea-sick since we left Queenstown and was unable to eat on Friday and Saturday, the 16th and 17th. By lying down, when I wished to keep still, I was able to avoid vomiting; but if I attempted to sit or stand for during several days I was sure to be sick. As it was very stifling and oppressive in the State Room, I kept on deck as much as possible, and by walking constantly I was able to keep up. Bro. Rich was almost all the time well; he only missed one meal; but Bro's Lyman, Dame and Cousin George were very sick; Bro. Van Cott did not escape, though not as sick as the others named. Next to Bro. Rich, very much to my surprise and agreeable disappointment, I was the least sick. I missed but few meals and when able to sit down to the table my appetite was very hearty. From the time we left <the> Channel we had a constant head wind, blowing right in our teeth. Some of the time it was squally and very rough. The vessel behaved handsomely and evinced splendid staunch, sea-going qualities.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - May 15, 1862 - Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Thursday, May 15th, 1862. I slept very soundly all night and felt much refreshed this morning. There was more motion than there had been and it affected me [DEL: to] unpleasantly to a slight extent. I was able to eat a light breakfast. We came in sight of Queenstown a few minutes after 11 a.m. and dropped anchor about 1/2 past 11. This harbor is most beautiful and the surrounding country presents a very fine appearance. The surface of the bay is as smooth as glass and everything is pleasing to look upon. There are a number of vessels lying at anchor in the harbor. This place, until the Queen's visit to Ireland, was called the Cove of Cork. She landed here, and it changed its name and since then it has grown into an importance which it previously did not possess. Cork is 10 miles up the river. We expect to remain here until nearly 4 p.m. I wrote a long letter to Elizabeth. Loaded all the steerage passengers we could carry and some more Cabin do.

I have been very sea-sick since we left Queenstown and was unable to eat on Friday and Saturday, the 16th and 17th. By lying down, when I wished to keep still, I was able to avoid vomiting; but if I attempted to sit or stand [DEL: for] during several days I was sure to be sick. As it was very stifling and oppressive in the State Room, I kept on deck as much as possible, and by walking constantly I was able to keep up. Bro. Rich was almost all the time well; he only missed one meal; but Bro's Lyman, Dame and Cousin George were very sick; Bro. Van Cott did not escape, though not as sick as the others named. Next to Bro. Rich, very much to my surprise and agreeable disappointment, I was the least sick. I missed but few meals and when able to sit down to the table my appetite was very hearty. From the time we left .the. Channel we had a constant head wind, blowing right in our teeth. Some of the time it was squally and very rough. The vessel behaved handsomely and evinced splendid staunch, sea-going qualities.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852. Saturday.

[William Clayton]

At 20 minutes to 2 P.M. we arrived and halted on Corn Creek, having travelled 21 1/4 miles. A number of the Pauvan Indians were here to beg, and wanted to trade a female child for a gun and two blankets, but none of the brethren appeared disposed to give as much.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852 - Saturday

[George Q. Cannon]

There had been a woman baptised who belonged to the <other> Church; she called upon Bros. Napela and Uaua to administer to her for her disease which was something resembling dropsy [edema]—she tried various remedies but without any benefit—she was willing to covenant that she would forsake her sins and be baptised—they done according and the swelling left her and she was baptised. She attended meeting last Sunday; and afterwards made remarks derogatory to the work, and her swelling returned.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852 (Saturday)

Wm. Willes reported 189 members of the Church in Calcutta and vicinity, India, of whom 170 were "Ryots," who previously professed Christianity.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - May 15, 1842

[Wilford Woodruff]

Vengance is mine. I will repay saith The Lord.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 15, 1842

[Wilford Woodruff]

May 15th 1842 Sunday True information has just reached us that the Noted Governor Boggs of Missouri who By his orders expeled ten thousand Latter Day Saints, Has just Been assassinated in his own house & fallen in his own Blood. Three Ball wer shot through his head two through his Brains & one through his mouth, tongue & throat. Thus this ungodly wretch has fallen in the midst of his iniquity & the vengance of God has overtaken him at last & he has met his Just deserts though by an unknown hand.... Thus Boggs hath died as a fool dieth & gone to his place to receive the reward of his works.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - 1842 by mid-May

[Hyrum Smith]

Becomes master pro tem of the Nauvoo Masonic Lodge.

[Jeffrey S. O'Driscoll, Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, A Brief Chronology of the Life of Hyrum Smith: 1800-1844]

10 years ago today - May 14, 2012

There is public criticism in the Netherlands of the Mormon practice of baptism by proxy after a Dutch newspaper revealed May 9 that several members of the royal family were posthumously "baptized" into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, colloquially known as the Mormon church.

The daily newspaper Trouw quoted unpublished documents in the Mormon church's global genealogical database that show the late Queen Juliana, her husband Prince Bernhard and Queen Beatrix's late husband Prince Claus were all baptized as Mormons after their deaths.

[The Christian Century]

45 years ago today - May 14, 1977

Aaronic Priesthood and Young women changed to simply Young Men and Young women, and a General Presidencies of each program reinstated.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

45 years ago today - May 14, 1977

A bishops central storehouse, the second in the Church and first outside of Salt Lake City, opened at Colton, Calif.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

70 years ago today - May 14, 1952

[J. Reuben Clark]

[In conversation with F. B. Whitman, president of Western Pacific R.R. regarding a replacement on the board of directors:] ... President Clark said he thought his course was the wisest one, that apparently from what he said, they are in the situation where if the Jews once get in they might control the whole situation. Mr. Whitman said he was not too disturbed about that, but he was watching it. President Clark said that he did not see how they could avoid putting Weismann on, if he could force it [by virtue of his stock control], that he thought his plan was wise, that they not increase the Directors at the time, but they might later. Mr. Whitman said he was not too disturbed about getting the Jews on, but Pres. Clark said he would be greatly disturbed about it.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

180 years ago today - May 14, 1842 - Saturday

[Joseph Smith]

Saturday 14. City council. Advocated strongly the necessity of some active measures being taken to suppress. houses & acts of infamy in the city; for the protection of the innocent & virtuous— & good of public morals shewing clearly that there were certain characters in the place who were dis posed to corrupt the morals & chastity of our citizens & that houses of infamy did exist.— upon which a city ordinance was passed to prohibit such things & published in this days wasp.— <I> Also. spoke Largely for the repeal of the Laws ordinances of the City Licen[s]ing. Merchents. Hawkers Tavern & Ordinaries. desiring that this might be a free people. & enjoy equal rights & Priviliges. & the ordinan[c]es were repealed.— ...T his day it was first hinted in Nauvoo that Ex govenor [Lilburn W.] Boggs of Missouri had been shot.

[Joseph Smith, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842 in "The Book of the Law of the Lord," Record Book, 1841–1845]

180 years ago today - May 14, 1842

Nauvoo endowment introduces same grips, tokens, signs, and penalties as the Masonic ceremony except one.

[David Buerger, Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship, Chapter 3: Joseph Smith's Ritual]

30 years ago today - May 13, 1992

Apostle Dallin H. Oaks testifies before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights in support of the proposed Religious Freedom Restoration Act. This is designed to overturn the U.S. Supreme Court's 1990 decision which invoked Reynolds vs. the United States to prohibit use of peyote as a religious sacrament by Native American Indians. Oaks makes a similar appearance on 26 Sept. before the Judiciary Committee of the U.S. Senate. The LDS church joins such diverse religious organizations as the Church of Scientology in promoting this bill for which the First Presidency publicly thanks Congress at its passage on 27 Oct. 1993. President Bill Clinton signs it into law on 18 Nov.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

35 years ago today - May 13, 1987

The B.H. Roberts Society presents a forum entitled, ,Is Salvation a Laughing Matter? or Laugh Now. . ..It May Be Straight Beyond the Gate." It is a look at satire and LDS society. "It was also a circus of comic talent and a groundling's-eye of low comedy in the celestial fast lanes of LDS culture. Five Mormon artists presented a mixture of performance and commentary: a writer [William Wilson], an editorial cartoonist [Calvin Grondahl], a novelist [Levi S. Peterson], and two actors [James Arrington and Darryl Christensen]." Cartoonist Grondahl comments, "We are cautioned in the Church. about being light-minded, but I don't think there is anything light minded about humor. I think it is a very serious thing." The Public Broadcasting Service documentary "The Mormons: Missionaries to the World" premiers across the United States. Even before airing, the film engages controversy, culminating in a letter to all U.S. LDS wards from Howard W. Hunter, acting president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. The letter acknowledges that the Church cooperated with the film's production but distances the institution from the final product. There were also press stories about the Church's protest to PRS and KCTS, the local affiliate that produced the documentary. The documentary showcased the LDS missionary program but also had interviews from former Mormons and one missionary who left his mission early.

50 years ago today - May 13,1972

May Presidency letter that "fluoridation of public water supplies to prevent tooth decay" is one of the "non-moral issues" that Mormons should vote on "according to their honest convictions." John Birch Society, which Apostle Ezra Taft Benson and many other Mormons support, is condemning fluoridation as a Communist "plot."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

125 years ago today - May 13, 1897; Thursday

Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith narrated the personal conversation he and Elder Orson Pratt had with William McLellan, in 1878, who had once been an Apostle in the Church. McLellan then bore a strong testimony to Brothers Pratt and Smith of divinity of Mormonism and the Book of Mormon, and in the same breath condemned the Prophet Joseph Smith and many of our leading men. His demeanor however was such as to convey the impression that he felt he had made a fool of himself, but had gone so far that he could not retrace his steps.

Elder F[ranklin]. D. Richards mentioned the manner and language of Lyman Wight at a meeting after he had been cut off the Church. Pres[ident]. [Brigham] Young and Elder Heber C. Kimball met Lyman Wight on the street as they were going to a meeting, and invited him to accompany them. He went and at the meeting asked permission to speak. He bore a strong testimony to the divinity of the work, and said he would give his right arm if he could only feel as he used to, but admitted that he could not.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

165 years ago today - May 13, 1857

"The murder of Apostle Parley P. Pratt in Arkansas by disgruntled legal husband of his last plural wife. Newspaper accounts of Pratt's murder reach Salt Lake City on 23 June. It should be noted that legal divorces were not as common in this period as they are today. Eleanor McLean had fled from her abusive husband. She fled from San Francisco for Utah considering herself an ""unmarried woman."" Arriving in Utah, she worked in Parley's home as a schoolteacher and became his 12th plural wife. Hector, her estranged husband, pursued Parley and eventually caught up with him in Arkansas where he McLean shot and stabbed Pratt. As Pratt was bleeding to death, a farmer asked what he had done to provoke the attack. Pratt said, ""He accused me of taking his wife and children. I did not do it. They were oppressed, and I did for them what I would do for the oppressed any where."" (Wikipedia entry)//For an interesting interview from decedents of Parley P. Pratt (and also the author of the recent biography, Parley P. Pratt: The Apostle Paul of Mormonism), listen to the following episode of Legacy: http://www.mormonchannel.org/legacy/40"

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

175 years ago today - May 13, 1847

[Wilford Woodruff]

I dreamed last night we had arived at our Journeys end whare we were to build up a stake of Zion. As we came onto the place there was An open vision of A temple presented before me. I asked some brethren that stood by me If they saw it. They said they did not. I gazed upon it & it was glorious. It appeared as though it was built of white & blue stone. The sight of it filled me with Joy and I awoke & behold it was a dream. 11 m.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 13, 1842

Joseph Smith Jr. and Sidney Rigdon discussion "concerning certain evil reports put in circulation by Francis M. Higbee, about some of Elder Rigdon's family, and others; much apparent satisfaction was manifested at the conversation, by Elder Rigdon." This may be regarding a proposal by JS to Rigdon's daughter Nancy.

180 years ago today - May 13, 1842

Joseph Smith writes to a creditor: "you will probably be apprised of the failure of myself and brethren to execute our designs in paying off our contracts, or in other words, that we have been compelled to pay our debts by the most popular method; that is by petitioning for the privilege of general bankruptcy, a principle so popular at the present-throughout the United States."

110 years ago today - May 12, 1912

The Church Board of Education approves the "seminary near Granite High" in Salt Lake City. An innovation recommended by the Granite Stake presidency, this first LDS seminary opens the following September with seventy LDS high school students. Thomas J. Yates, an engineer, is the first teacher in what remains the church's only seminary during the next four years. In 1916 the church's second high school seminary opens in Mt. Pleasant, Utah. This grows into a released-time program wherever legal in the western states and into early morning seminary programs everywhere else (beginning September 1950 in California).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Dec 5, 1887

Eliza R. Snow died in Salt Lake City.

[Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

155 years ago today - May 12, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

G. Q. Cannon read the 9 ch of Heb & 10 ch 28, 29 verses on the Blood of Christ. John Taylor spok upon the Attonemet 46 minuts W Woodruff 9, G. Q. Cannon 21, & Presidet Young 30 Minuts. All spoke upon the Attonement to do away with the Herrisy which A Lyman had been preaching against the Atonemet.

President Young said There never was any world Created & Peopled Nor never would be but what would be redeemed by the sheding of the blood of the Savior of that world. If we are Ever Exhalted and Crowned in the presence of God we shall become Saviors of a world which we shall Create & People. ... Adam made this world and Suffered himself to take a body and subject himself to sin that Redemption & Exaltation might Come to man. ... It is an Eternal gospel and the same in all worlds and always will be to the Endless ages of Eternity. There never was a period but what worlds Exhisted & never will be, and they all have the same Gospel & Law of Salvation.

Amasa Lyman is rejecting the Blood of Christ. Has Cut himself off from the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and he cannot be restored to it in this probation. He has had a chance to be a great Man in this Kingdom. He never was Joseph Smith's Councillor but was a Thirteenth Apostle for a long time.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 12, 1852

William A. Hickman tells Mosiah Lyman Hancock, a loyal Mormon, that Brigham Young instructs him to "kill Gentiles [non-Mormons] and take their property for the good of the Church," but Young` denies this to Hancock on 3 July. However, it should be cautioned that if this was taken from Hickman's supposed autobiography, "Brigham Young's Destroying Angel," the inaccuracies have been widely acknowledged. Hickman himself later commented that he had been promised $5,000 from a critic of Brigham Young to write Hickman's autobiography, and that it was a lie "from the wild boar story forward" (Orson Whitney's History of Utah).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - May 12, 1847. Wednesday.

[William Clayton]

Morning cool, weather fine. Brother Appleton Harmon has completed the machinery on the wagon so far that I shall only have to count the number of miles instead of the revolution of the wagon wheel . . .

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

180 years ago today - May 12, 1842 - Thursday

[Joseph Smith]

Thursday 12 Dictated a Letter to President Rigden concerning certain difficulties or surmises which existed [[The correspondence between JS and Rigdon has not been located. Some sources suggest that the difficulties between the two men stemmed from an alleged marriage proposal on the part of JS to Sidney Rigdon's nineteen-year-old daughter, Nancy. Other evidence suggests that bad feelings developed after JS reproved Nancy for immoral behavior. The nature of the sources precludes any firm conclusions.]] ...

[Joseph Smith, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842 in "The Book of the Law of the Lord," Record Book, 1841–1845]

5 years ago today - May 11, 2017

The LDS Church announces it will stop participating in the Varsity and Venturing scouting programs in 2018.

[Wikipedia, 21st Century (Mormonism), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/21st_century_(Mormonism)]

55 years ago today - May 11, 1967

Counselor Hugh B. Brown informed a church member in May 1967 that "numerous others" had complained about Benson's continued association with [Billy James] Hargis and the apostle's implied endorsement of his segregationist views. The First Presidency "are taking it to the Twelve as soon as Brother Benson returns from Europe as we prefer to have him present when the matter is discussed." Brown gave the reassurance that Benson's "activities in this connection will be curtained [curtailed]."

[Brown to Burns S. Hanson, 11 May 1967, carbon copy cross-referenced to "Hargis, Billy James," in "Hugh B. Brown File on the John Birch Society." From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

105 years ago today - May 11, 1917

At the council meeting of First Presidency and Twelve held July 20, 1916, $1,000 was appropriated to assist in meeting the expense attending the efforts then being put forth in favor of statewide prohibition, as an offset to the efforts that were at that time being made by the opponents of prohibition, known as the Greater Business Men's League. Please pay this amount to president Heber J. Grant, who represents the Anti-Saloon League of America.

[Anthon H. Lund and Charles W. Penrose, Letter to Arthur Winter, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - May 11, 1892 • Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]

We had a call from Brother Elijah Box, of Brigham City, who informed us that he had been asked to resign the position of Sunday school supt. of his Ward. He says his offense consisted in differing with the City Council in relation to the establishing of water works in Brigham City. He claims that he has not been guilty of anything that would justify this severe action against him. ...

Professor Talmage has just returned from a visit to the southeastern part of the Territory, where he had gone under the direction of the First Presidency, the brethren having received letters while I was in the East from a man by the name of Llewellyn Harris, who had represented the extraordinary discoveries which he had made of hieroglyphics and figures on rocks and also archealogical ruins of cities. Brother Talmage had traveled considerable distance and over a very rough country to see the things reported by Brother Harris, and had brought back with him a small slab of rock which Harris declared contained a remarkable figure. The fact is, the man is evidently crazy, and when Brother Talmage failed to see what he said the face of the rocks contained, he declared that he saw them by the Spirit, and that Brother Talmage had not the Spirit. This slab that he brought contains no markings, only those produced by the erosion of the elements....

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - May 11, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

There was given at the Temple 108 Endowments. 42 Elders ordained. D H Cannon sealed 13 J McAllister 19. 1 Adopted for the dead.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 11, 1847

Appleton Milo Harmon constructs the Mormon pioneer "Roadometer" (odometer) according to Orson Pratt-s design and William Clayton's original suggestion. The next day it is attached to Clayton's wagon and relieves Clayton of the task of counting individual rotations of a wagon wheel which he has been doing until now.

180 years ago today - May 11, 1842

Church leaders announce that John C. Bennett will be disfellowshipped. Orson Pratt refuses to sign the announcement. Pratt's wife, Sarah, had accused Joseph Smith of trying to seduce her. Joseph had accused John C. Bennett of being the one involved with Sarah Pratt Joseph's main defense was that Bennett engaged in spiritual wifery, and Joseph did not do such a thing.

Hiram accuses John C. Bennett of performing abortions. Sarah Pratt later claims the abortions were for Joseph Smith, Jr. Another charge for John Bennett in the notes that is not published is "Buggery" in the ranks of the Nauvoo Legion.

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

45 years ago today - May 10, 1977

Fundamentalist leader Rulon C. Allred is murdered in his office by two plural wives ("Lambs of God") from Ervil LeBaron's group. This is the most publicized of several murders which Ervil orders, and his death threats include LDS president Spencer W. Kimball. His actions disenchant all but the most devout LeBaron followers. Allred's death leads to close cooperation between law-enforcement agencies and various groups of the non-violent Fundamentalist mainstream, which ultimately benefits from this greater understanding. For ordering the murder LeBaron is imprisoned in a Utah penitentiary, where he dies of a heart attack in 1981. The women who murder Allred are acquitted by a Utah jury, and in 1990 one of them publicly admits to committing the murder.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - May 10, 1897 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon at the Whitehouse]

... And what were my reflections during this interview! What a change has taken place! Senators and Representatives esteeming it an honor, according to their own statements, to be in the company of a delegation from Utah headed by a "Mormon" Apostle! ...

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

165 years ago today - May 10, 1857 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]

With regard to the elders becoming connected with the Lamanites, when this mission was called there were several others called at the same time, and they were all instructed to become identified with the nations by marriage at least there were sufficient instructions given for them to understand, that; had the spirit of 'A. It has been urged upon you this morning but I do not urge it upon you. If you do not feel the spirit of it do not enter into it. When this is to take place, the spirit will dictate and urge it upon them. We cannot come to a knowledge of the truth in one year, neither can we bring them to a knowledge of God all at once. It will take time and a great deal of patience to accomplish this great work. We must have patience, we cannot hurry these matters. In relation to the brethren connecting themselves with the Indians here. I do not feel to urge it upon the brethren; because I believe there is not a squaw here that if she was married to any of the brethren would prove true to them. Upon closing he blessed the brethren. -- Fort Limhi, Idaho

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

185 years ago today - May 10, 1837

The panic of 1837 begins when U.S. banks in New York cease making specie payments. The panic causes widespread bank closures throughout the United States and contributes to the failure of the Kirtland Anti-Banking Safety Society, leading to major apostasy among the Saints in Kirtland.

65 years ago today - Thu May 9, 1957

[David O. McKay]

President Jay A. Quealy, Jr., of the Honolulu Stake telephoned from Honolulu. Said that [former Presiding Patriarch, released do to homosexual activity] Joseph F. Smith's son's farewell is this coming Sunday night. The missionary son is requesting that his father speak at the farewell. President Quealy asked if he could give Brother Smith permission to speak on this occasion. I answered that I suppose there is nothing we can do but let him speak, so permission was granted.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

110 years ago today - May 9, 1912

[James E. Talmage]

Today Elder Hyrum Gibbs Smith, who, on April 6th last was sustained by the general conference as the Presiding Patriarch of the Church, was ordained a High Priest and a Patriarch, and set apart as Presiding Patriarch of the Church by President Joseph F. Smith... The new Patriarch was born July 8th 1879 at South Jordan, Salt Lake County, Utah, and is the son of Hyrum Fisher Smith, still living in Provo, Utah; and the grandson of the former Presiding Patriarch, John Smith, lately deceased. The matter of selecting a successor to John Smith in this exalted office was referred to the Council of the Twelve, and after investigation, that Council nominated to the First Presidency, Hyrum Gibbs Smith. As is understood by all students of our system of Church organization, the office of Presiding Patriarch of this dispensation, and is indeed the only hereditary office in the Church. In this instance the son of the late Patriarch, and father of the new Patriarch, viz., Hyrum Fisher Smith, was not considered worthy of this high ordination. The newly ordained Patriarch is understood to have been a man of honorable life and not one who needs reformation to make him eligible. We all rejoice that this high office is again filled. [The traditionally hereditary office of Presiding Patriarch is discontinued on Oct. 6, 1979.]

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

110 years ago today - May 9, 1912

Church Board of Education approves "seminary near Granite High" in Salt Lake City. Innovation recommended by Granite Stake presidency, this first LDS seminary opens following Sep with seventy LDS high school students. Thomas J. Yates, an engineer, is first teacher in what remains church's only seminary during next four years. In 1916 church's second high school seminary opens in Mt. Pleasant, Utah. This grows into released-time program wherever legal in western states and into early morning seminary program everywhere else (beginning Sep 1950 in California).

120 years ago today - May 9, 1902

The First Presidency writes to temple president David H. Cannon "in answer to a series of questions propunded [sic] by him to them. Re: must a person administering the Second Anointings in the Temple be clothes [sic] in his Priestly apparel when administering same? Ans: President Young considered that it was absolutely necessary 'before the completion of our Temples,' but that when done in the Temple this was optional and no longer required. 'after the completion of the Temples this was changed under the direction of President Young himself.'"

130 years ago today - May 9, 1892

[Wilford Woodruff]

At the Close of the Meeting I went to the Temple & Had Joseph Hall & his Father Adopted to me & several others Adopted to me.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - May 9, 1887

[John Taylor]

The most successful missions that have been performed in the Church, have been through the labors of elders who had not received their second anointing. Those who receive this ordinance at the present time are men well advanced in years, who have been faithful for long years in the Church and who are almost ready to pass away.

[John Taylor to Robert Henry Ford, May 9, 1887, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

165 years ago today - May 9, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]

The three indians that stole my horses had killed them & threatened of killing both men cattle & Horses so we made arangement to have the Chiefs take those three Indians & we would Confine them in the penetentiary. We appointed a Committee to go & see the Chiefs & attend to the business. I then left some presents for the Indians.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 9, 1847. Sunday.

[William Clayton]

According to my calculations, we are now 300 miles from Winter Quarters, lacking a few rods. I got a small board and wrote on it "From Winter Quarters 300 miles, May 9, 1847. Pioneer Camp all well. Distance according to the reckoning of W Clayton." This was nailed on a post and in the evening I went and set it up about 300 yards from here on a bend of the river. ... At 3 P.M. a meeting was called and the Camp addressed by several. President Young took tea with Elder Kimball, and afterwards they started out together, with one or two others to look at the country ahead of us . . .

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

190 years ago today - May 9, 1832

Church members in various branches condemn the vision of three heavenly degrees as devilish because of its universalist rejection of heaven and hell. Brigham Young (hereafter Young) is among those who initially doubt the vision. Missionaries in the U.S. excommunicate these disbelievers for the next two years. This occurs again in England (1837-39) when new converts learn of the "Three Degrees of Glory" doctrine, later published by the LDS church as Doctrine and Covenants, section 76.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

80 years ago today - May 8, 1942

[Marion G. Romney]

This morning at 8:30, in company with Harold B. Lee and R. L. Judd, had an hour and a half conference with President Clark and President McKay. ... President Clark seems to have about the same view of the future that I have. He seems to feel that we face two crises, one the international crisis and one the national crisis. He feels that the international crisis is secondary. He thinks that we are being Sovietized by design and after the international crisis is over we may have the same experience that Russia had. Since we will not be taken over quite as easily as the Russian people were, we may have anarchy and a cessation of commerce. I feel, and I think President Clark's feelings would not be greatly different, that the Welfare Program is to lay the foundation on which our people can maintain themselves when there is no commerce with the rest of the United States.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

120 years ago today - May 8, 1902

The regular meeting of the First Presidency and Apostles was held. ... Bro[ther]. Rudger Clawson reported the Wayne [Utah] Stake Conference last Sunday and Monday. In accordance with instructions he visited Torrey Ward and carefully inspected the canal that was in course of construction. He was prepared he said to verify the statements made by the Presidency of the Wayne Stake in their communication to the First Presidency. The people had shown forth good faith and determination in carrying forward this enterprise. Some $2,200. in labor had already been expended by the people under adverse circumstances, and it would require some $1,800. to complete it Should the people there fail in this undertaking it means the breaking up of the Torrey Ward. Bro[ther]. Clawson now recommended, in view of the conditions set forth, that $1,000. be appropriated to assist the people of Torrey Ward in building the Center Irrigation Company canal'the money to be paid to Bishop John R. Stewart, as trustee, as soon as the earth work between the head of the canal and the Torrey Ward (some six miles) is entirely completed; and the Church to receive $1,000. in capital stock of the Center Irrigation Company.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - May 8, 1892 • Sunday

[George Q. Cannon]

There has been considerable division here and ill-feeling over politics. Local papers have indulged in personal attacks upon members of the Church—Democrats on Republicans, and Republicans retorting. I must say, however, that so far as I have seen, the Democratic organ here has been the most abusive. I did not wish to allude to politics, but I felt led by the Spirit to speak upon the principles of love, and the Lord was with me to a very great extent, His Spirit was poured out upon the people, and joy filled the hearts of the saints.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

175 years ago today - May 8, 1847. Saturday.

[William Clayton]

I have counted the revolutions of a wagon wheel to tell the exact distance we have travelled . . . I found the wheel 14 feet 8 inches in circumference, not varying one eighth of an inch. I then calculated how many revolutions it would require for 1 mile and found it precisely 360 not varying one fraction which somewhat astonished me. I have counted the whole revolutions during the days travel and find it to be a little over 11 1/4 miles, (20 revolutions over.) The overplus I shall add to the next days travel. According to my previous calculations we were 285 miles from winter quarters this morning before we started. After traveling 10 miles placed a small Cedar post in the ground with these words wrote on it with a pencil. "From Winter Quarters 295 miles, May 8, 47. Camp all well. W Clayton." Some have past the days travel at 13 and some 14 miles, which serves to convince more strongly that the distances are overrated. I have repeatedly suggested a plan of fixing machinery to a wagon wheel to tell the exact distance we travel in a day, and many begin to be sanguine for carrying it into effect, and I hope it will done...

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

75 years ago today - May 7, 1947

[J. Reuben Clark]

The ZCMI men came here with a very large rug for the Office of the First Presidency, to be laid immediately. ... Herrick told me that there were two more coming, one for the big directors room and one for the Quorum of the Twelve upstairs. I inquired who had ordered them and he did not know. ... Meanwhile there had come to me some suggestion that Sister [Emily] Stewart [daughter of George Albert Smith] had ordered them and I said that there was some report that Sister Stewart had been ordering them. He said that he had not given Emily any authority to order rugs.

... After the Council on the Distribution of the Tithes had ended, I called Harold again and he gave me the following statements: That Mrs. Stewart had come over there and talked with their man about ordering these rugs. ... I told President [George Albert] Smith that the price of this rug was $12,000; that another rug had been spoken of, which was not here, which would be $12,000; there was a small rug for the second floor entrance hall which was $2,675.00 and that there was still another large one here at $7,000. I told President Smith that in my judgment we had no right to spend the tithing of the people for these expensive rugs and furnishing of these officers. He commented that the oriental rugs lasted a long time and told of his family experience in that connection. I said, yes, oriental rugs got old in time and people wanted to change and I suggested that if they wanted a new covering for that floor we should get a good carpet for the room and put it down. ...

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

160 years ago today - May 7, 1862

Frank Fuller, a dentist, brings samples of false teeth to Brigham Young's office. He agrees to make a set for President Young for about $100. President Young observes that dentistry is "an unpleasant business on account of the bad breaths of many persons."

175 years ago today - May 7, 1847

[Brigham Young]

I preached in camp and advised the brethren not to kill any more buffalo or other game until the meat was needed. -- Gothenburg, Nebraska

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1847- 1850. William S. Harwell, ed. Collier's Publishing, 1997.:53, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - May 7, 1842

Twenty-six companies and 2,000 men of the Nauvoo Legion march in review and fight a sham battle. John C. Bennett urges Joseph to take his place on a horse in a prominent place among the troops, and Joseph thinks that Bennett plans to use a real bullet to assassinate him during the proceedings. Stephen A. Douglas and Gov. Carlin are both in Nauvoo on this date. Joseph records, "If General Bennett's true feelings toward me are not made manifest to the world in a very short time, then it may be possible that the gentle breathings of that Spirit, which whispered me on parade, that there was mischief concealed in that sham battle, were false; a short time will determine the point."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

100 years ago today - May 6, 1922

KZN (later to become KSL) first goes on the air on Saturday afternoon, 3:00 pm from a one-room tin shack atop the News building (later called the Union Pacific Building) with Flash Wilson as announcer. Church President Heber J. Grant, in dedication of station, reads on the air a quotation from Doctrine & Covenants 76, a passage on the mission of Jesus of Nazareth. Broadcast reportedly heard 1,000 miles in every direction. This inaugural program marks the beginning of radio broadcasting in the Mountain West, ―the first full time commercial broadcasting operation between the Mississippi Valley and the Pacific Coast.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

130 years ago today - May 6, 1892

After a family party of Brigham Young's Children and their spouses Emily Dow Partridge Smith Young (widow of both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young) records in her diary: "Bro. George Q. Cannon submitted a question to be decided by the company. It was as follows. A man aged 60 had married in poligamy a woman five years older than he was afterwards his first wife had died but according to the laws of the land and the Manifesto issued by the Pr. of our church he could not live with his 2nd wife without marrying her over again. Now the question is would it be best to marry his old wife that could bear him no children or get him a younger wife that could raise a family. Some decided in favor of the old wife, and some for the younger wife."

155 years ago today - May 6, 1867

At a meeting of the quorum of the Twelve Apostles on April 7th 1867, certain accusatory statements were rad which had been made to President Brigham Young respecting the teachings of Elder Amasa M. Lyman at Beaver, Beaver County, and at other places, and the four undersigned members of the Quorum, who were going South, were authorized to investigate the charges and to take such action upon them as might become necessary. Elder Lyman, it was said ... in alluding to his recent confession, had told an anecdote about the countryman and the merchant, in which the countryman said that all men would lie if pinched enough; ... It was further said that the whole drift of his teachings on the occasion referred to was in vindication of his former erroneous teachings respecting the atonement of Jesus; that he was not sorry for anything that he had preached. The only thing that seemed grievous to him was that the was not understood.

While at Beaver, April 29th , and 30th these statements and charges were investigated by us, and were substantially confirmed ... We further found that there were some in who minds faith in the efficacy of the blood of Jesus was almost extinguished, and the most pernicious ideas were entertained by them respecting His atonement. ... we have become convinced that ... that Elder Amasa M. Lyman be deprived of his priesthood. Therefore, We, the undersigned members of the Quorum of the Twelve feel to withdraw our fellowship from him, and to cut him off from the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. JOHN TAYLOR WILFORD WOODRUFF GEORGE A. SMITH GEORGE Q. CANNON Having heard a statement of the evidence and the circumstances of this case from the brethren who investigated it, and being familiar also ourselves with the unsound teachings of Elder Lyman we fully approve of and concur in the above action. ERASTUS SNOW ORSON HYDE EZRA T. BENSON LORENZO SNOW ORSON PRATT Sen. CHARLES C. RICH

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

160 years ago today - May 6, 1862

[Wilford Woodruff]

I visited Brother A. O. Smoot. I found him vary sick. I laid hands upon him with Dr Jeter Clinton & prayed for him. His family was discouraged about him fearing He would die. On my return to the office I spoke to President B Young about him. He said He would be around again in few days. He saw him in a dream the night before & thought He would soon get well.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 6, 1847

Brigham Young records, on the pioneer trek west: "Traveled nineteen miles. The prairie appeared black being covered with immense herds of buffalo." He loses his $40 spyglass while separting pioneer cattle from the buffalo.

180 years ago today - May 6, 1842

A gunman shoots Governor Boggs in his home, hitting him four times. The gunman is not found, but his revolver was left at the scene. Rumor and speculation points to Porter Rockwell, Joseph Smith's personal bodyguard, as the would-be assassin. Rockwell denies this, remarking that if it was him, Boggs would not have recovered.

[Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

180 years ago today - May 6, 1842

Alphonso Young (in a distant branch of the church) wrote to Joseph Smith, "I have confidence that if I can be Baptized in the font I shall be healed of a hereditary disease I am, and ever have been laboring under. what is known by the name of sick head ache. I hope to be with the Saints soon."

[Quinn, D. Michael, "The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo," BYU Studies (1978), 18:2:226]

180 years ago today - May 6, 1842

The last entry into the Founding Minutes of the Nauvoo [Masonic] Lodge indicate there were 105 members, of whom 73 had joined for the first time at Nauvoo. In addition there were quite a number who had been passed but not yet given the first degree, and 52 additional candidates who had applied and had been accepted for membership in the lodge, pending initiation.

190 years ago today - Between May 6 and June 1832

Joseph leaves Independence with Sidney Rigdon and Newel K. Whitney and travels to Kirtland, mostly by stage. At one point in the journey the horses bolt; Bishop Whitney attempts to jump from the coach and breaks a leg. Sidney proceeds to Kirtland while Joseph and Bishop Whitney stay in Greenville, Indiana, for four weeks while the latter's leg heals. Joseph sets his leg and administers to him. At one point Joseph eats something poisonous and vomits blood so badly that he dislocates his jaw. Bishop Whitney administers to him at once and he is healed but loses much hair from his head. The day they are ready to leave, Joseph, as a seer, prophesies the events of the upcoming day, and they all come to pass.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

70 years ago today - May 5, 1952

Merlo J. Pusey is the first actively Mormon recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for his biography of Charles Evans Hughes. Other LDS recipients are John M. Hightower (1952, international reporting), Robert D. Mullins (1962, local reporting), Jack Anderson (1972, national reporting), Laurel Thatcher Ulrich (1991, history 'A Midwife's Tale'), Steve Benson (1993, editorial cartoons). In 1952 Pusey also receives the nation's most prestigious history award (the Bancroft Prize), also to Richard L. Bushman (1968, 'From Puritan to Yankee') and Laurel Thatcher Ulrich (1991). Also, Virginia Sorensen, Newbery Medal (1957, American Library Association for 'Miracles on Maple Hill'), Josefina Febres Cordero (1977, Argentina's Woman of the Year for her autobiography 'La Puerta Azul' [The Blue Door]), and May Swenson (1979, Bollingen Prize in poetry). Orson Scott Card is the recipient of the highest U.S. awards in science fiction: "Nebula" from the Science Fiction Writers of America (1986, 'Ender's Game'), Nebula and also a "Hugo" from the World Science Fiction Society (1987, 'Speaker for the Dead'), and a Hugo (1988, 'Eye for Eye').

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - May 5, 1947

We have received the following letter: 'Kind Sirs: Would you kindly let me know as soon as possible the stand the Church takes in regard to the colored people. Here in California we have such a lot of Negroes and are we as Latter-day Saints required to associate with them or talk the Gospel to them? What about the ones who want to join the Church? I realize they cannot hold the priesthood but have the idea they can hold it during or after the Millennium. Am I right or wrong? Please put this information in a letter form to be read in Relief Society as that is where the question has arise with one of the sisters who lives in one of the housing projects where there are colored people on all sides of her. Hoping this will not be too much trouble. I thank you. Sincerely, ...[']

To this letter we are replying through our secretary, Brother Joseph Anderson, as follows: 'Your undated letter has been received, in which you raise certain questions regarding affiliation with colored people. I am directed by the Brethren to suggest that you take this matter up with your bishop, who, if he needs assistance in advising you, will take it up with the president of the Stake.' You doubtless are fully acquainted with the attitude of the Church regarding colored people. As you know, the Church has already drawn the line against the mixture of the colored with the white race in marriage. The colored people cannot hold the priesthood, and, as you may know, President Brigham Young said: 'When all the other children of Adam have had the privilege of receiving the Priesthood, and of coming into the kingdom of God, and of being redeemed from the four quarters of the earth, and have received their resurrection from the dead, ten it will be time enough to remove the curse from his (Cain's) posterity. He deprived his brother of the privilege of pursuing his journey through life, and of extending his kingdom of multiplying upon the earth; and because he did this, he is the last to share the joys of the kingdom of God.' J.D. 2:142-143. No special effort has ever been made to proselyte among the Negro race, and social intercourse between the Whites and the Negroes should certainly not be encouraged because of leading to intermarriage, which the Lord has forbidden. This move which has now received some popular approval of trying to break down social barriers between the Whites and the Blacks is one that should not be encouraged because inevitably it means the mixing of the races if carried to its logical conclusion.

[First Presidency, Letter to Virgil H. Sponberg, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

90 years ago today - May 5,1932

Apostle Stephen L. Richards tells First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve that he will resign as apostle rather than apologize for his general conference talk which says church is putting too much emphasis on Word of Wisdom. He later confesses his error to Heber J. Grant on 26 may and retains his position.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

90 years ago today - May 5, 1932

[David O. McKay]

A very important and serious matter arose in Council meeting today, with Stehpen L. the principle [sic] actor. Later in the day, commenting upon what had happened, President Grant said to me, in the presence of President Ivins: "Well, he (Stephen L.) made a mistake when he delivered that address, but today, he made a fool of himself."

Elder Richards starts out: "I want to say something to promote better understanding in the Church. In so doing, my chief fear is that I myself may be misunderstood."

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

155 years ago today - May 5, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

President Young spoke 25 Minuts. ... He said my Council to the People Concerning Liquor and beer is to let it alone. Your grain you want yourselves. The Liquor & Beer is of no use to you. I dont object to your making root beer for that is healthy.

I wish to say a word about Amasa Lyman & tell why he is droped from the Twelve. It is because of his infidelity. He has no faith in the Attonement, & another reason is he has lied in his Confession. He has Preached infidelity for many years to the people, but not to the Presidency & Twelve.

Orson Pratt does not believe in a God ownly in Atributes but not in a personage. He would have been Cut off from the Church long ago had it not have been for me. The Twelve would have Cut him off. Did any one of you ever hear of any one of the Twelve Ever Preach the baby Resurrection? I have herd of it. Neither of those brethren will be Enabled to do any good.

At the Close of the Meeting Presidet Young with Some of the Twelve laid hands upon the Head of Mother Atwood & blessed her & set her apart to administer to the Sick of her sex.

Erastus Snow signed the paper Cutting A Lyman off from the Church or from the Quorum of the Twelve.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 5, 1842

At a British Mission conference in Manchester, Lorenzo Snow sings a hymn "beautifully in tongues." In Nauvoo Joseph and then Hyrum Smith receive their anointing and endowment in the upper room of his store from the men who were anointed and endowed the day before.

185 years ago today - May 5, 1837

[Wilford Woodruff]

5th While labouring for Elder J. Young in the latter part of the day we experienced a verry Sudden, hard, & rapid storm of wind and rain. A vane of it passed south of the temple in the form of a whirl wind or tornado. It destroyed and injured several buildings. It crushed one of Elder Young buildings instantly and removed the one we were in. Yet no lives were lost nor persons injured. Soon all was calm again.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

120 years ago today - Sunday, May 4, 1902

[Rudger Clawson]

At 5:30 p.m. we—Brother [Joseph W.] McMurrin and myself—had an interview with a young sister by the name of Nancy Hunt, who had been charged with the crime of incest with her father. The latter is now in the penitentiary, having been convicted in the courts of the land of said crime and sentenced to a term of ten years. From all we could learn, the evidence adduced pointed strongly to his guilt. The girl now comes to the church, claims she is innocent, and asks for justice. She gave birth to an illegitimate child, but claims that she was drugged and ravished by some stranger. Her story is very loose, and rather convinces one that she is lying. The matter was taken under advisement.

It was later decided to give Nancy Hunt a church trial, and the bishop of her ward—Bp. [Levi C.] White—was instructed to institute early proceedings in the case.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

155 years ago today - May 4, 1867

The Quorum of the Twelve drops Apostle Amasa M. Lyman due to his refusal to recant his teachings which deny Christ's blood atonement. The next day Brigham Young preaches that Apostle Orson Pratt "would have been cut off from the Church long ago had it not been for me." This refers to their long dispute over the Adam-God theory.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

180 years ago today - May 4-5, 1842

On May 4 Joseph Smith, after two days of preparation in the upper story of his store in Nauvoo, organizes the Quorum of Anointed or Holy Order of the Priesthood and, with Hyrum Smith's help, initiates eight men (James Adams, Heber C. Kimball, William Law, William Marks, George Miller, Willard Richards, Newel K. Whitney, and Brigham Young.) into what would later be called the "temple endowment." According to Joseph's diary he administered "washings, anointings, endowments and the communications of keys pertaining to the Aaronic Priesthood, and so on to the highest order of the Melchizedek Priesthood, setting forth the order pertaining to the Ancient of Days, and all those plans and principles by which any one is enabled to secure the fulness of those blessings which have been prepared for the Church of the First Born, and come up and abide in the presence of the Eloheim in the eternal worlds. In this council was instituted the ancient order of things for the first time in these last days." He excludes first counselor Sidney Rigdon and assistant counselor John C. Bennett.

On May 5 Joseph and Hyrum are given their endowments by some of the men endowed the day before. Of this Heber C. Kimball (who had been a Mason since 1825) writes to Parley P. Pratt, "We have received some pressious things through the Prophet on the presthood that would cause your Soul to rejoice .... Bro. Joseph Ses Masonry was taken from presthood but has become degenerated. But menny things are perfect." His diary entry for that day is titled "Strange Events." In 1858 Kimball declares: "We have the true Masonry. The Masonry of today is received from the apostasy which took place in the days of Solomon and David. They have now and then a thing that is correct, but we have the real thing." Later the official history of the church omits the names of apostates William Law and William Marks as having been in the original group. Woman do not participate until Sep 28, 1843.

60 years ago today - May 3, 1962

Richard Nixon, the defeated presidential candidate in 1960, was competing against Democrat Edmund G. ("Pat") Brown for the gubernatorial chair. John M. Russon, president of the Los Angeles Stake, had given permission for Nixon to speak in the stake center and, as a result, other church members asked that Pat Brown be given equal time in the same venue. It turned out that Russon had not acted independently; rather, when the question of Nixon's speaking in the building came up, Russon had consulted the General Authority visiting at quarterly stake conference—Ezra Taft Benson. The apostle had approved it. Caught in a bind, McKay gave a qualified "yes" to the Democratic request: "I said that it is the rule of the Church that we do not open our houses for political purposes; that under the circumstances in this case, however, we should give Governor Brown the same privilege that was given to Nixon, and then tell them that this has to stop.

[David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

70 years ago today - May 3, 1952

Pres. McKay dedicates the first monument to the martyred missionary, Joseph Standing.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

90 years ago today - May 3, 1932

[George Albert Smith]

"Met with brethren in temple Primary and Emily & Vilate Raile discussed. My nerves very much unstrung."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

130 years ago today - May 3, 1892 • Tuesday

[George Q. Cannon]

The question was submitted to the First Presidency concerning the propriety of the Church attorneys defending brethren who were arrested for violations of the Edmunds law. I expressed my views to the effect that while there might be an impropriety in our Church attorneys defending flagrant violations of the law, still I thought it was our duty to help our brethren make such defense. We had a Defense Fund, to which the saints generally subscribed, and it was for the purpose of defending ourselves against attacks made upon us under this law that this fund was created, and our present lawyers are paid from it. I therefore thought, I said, that if a man were arrested he should apply to our attorneys and state his case to them. Many men might be arrested who were entirely innocent, and whom they could defend with perfect propriety, and who ought to be defended by them; but if there were cases that they felt might not be wise for them to identify themselves with, I thought that they should arrange with some other attorney whom the accused party might select and get them to do the business at as low a figure as possible, and that we should pay for it. Brother Le Grand Young came in to learn about our views, and at the request of President Woodruff I expressed these to him. They were approved by Presidents Woodruff and Smith, and Brother Young saw the force of them and said, as far as he was concerned he did not see that there was much impropriety in Brother F. [Franklin] S. Richards and himself defending these cases, unless it was some filthy case such as one that has been brought to light lately. He said Brother Richards seemed to have scruples, but in the last conversation he had with him upon this subject his scruples had been partly removed. We did not wish them to defend men who were guilty of any filthy conduct, even if it had been with their wives..

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - May 3, 1877

"With some labor and exertion he found the stone, carried it to the creek, washed and wiped it dry, sat down on the bank, placed it in his hat, and discovered that time, place and distance were annihilated; that all the intervening obstacles were removed, and that he possessed one of the attributes of Deity, an All-Seeing-Eye. ' On the request of the Court, he exhibited the stone. It was about the size of a small hen' a egg, in the shape of a high-instepped shoe. It was composed of layers of different colors passing diagonally through it. It was very hard and smooth, perhaps by being carried in the pocket."

[William D. Purple account of Joseph Smith, Jr.'s 1826 court proceedings, "Joseph Smith, the Originator of Mormonism," Chenango Union 30, no. 33, (Norwich, NY: 3 May 1877), as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

145 years ago today - May 3, 1877

"Mr. Stowell went to his flock and selected a fine vigorous lamb, and resolved to sacrifice it to the demon spirit who guarded the coveted treasure. Shortly after the venerable Deacon might be seen on his knees at prayer near the pit, while Smith, with a lantern in one hand to dispel the midnight darkness, might be seen making a circuit around the spot, sprinkling the flowing blood from the lamb upon the ground, as a propitiation to the spirit that thwarted them."

[William D. Purple account of Joseph Smith, Jr.'s 1826 court proceedings, "Joseph Smith, the Originator of Mormonism," Chenango Union 30, no. 33, (Norwich, NY: 3 May 1877), as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

145 years ago today - May 3, 1877

"In a few feet from the surface the box of treasure was struck by the shovel. on which they redoubled their energies, but it gradually receded from their grasp. One of the men placed his hand upon the box, but it gradually sunk from his reach, After some five feet in depth had been attained without success, a council of war, against this spirit of darkness was called, and they resolved that the lack of faith, or of some untoward mental emotions was the cause of their failure."

[William D. Purple account of Joseph Smith, Jr.'s 1826 court proceedings, "Joseph Smith, the Originator of Mormonism," Chenango Union 30, no. 33, (Norwich, NY: 3 May 1877), as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

145 years ago today - May 3, 1877

"He did so, and was permitted to look in the glass, which was placed in a hat to exclude the light. He was greatly surprised to see but one thing, which was a small stone, a great way off. It soon became luminous, and dazzled his eyes, and after a short time it became as intense as the mid-day sun."

[William D. Purple account of Joseph Smith, Jr.'s 1826 court proceedings, "Joseph Smith, the Originator of Mormonism," Chenango Union 30, no. 33, (Norwich, NY: 3 May 1877), as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

145 years ago today - May 3, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

We gave Endowments to 151. W Woodruff sealed 16 Couple And Sealed 14 Children to Silas & Jesse N Smith and Adopted them to their Father [ ] Smith and then Adopted Father [ ] Smith to Joseph Smith the Prophet. W Woodruff gave seconed Anointingto 9 persons mostly for dead.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 3, 1847

[George J. Adams Deposition]

... In the fall of eighteen hundred and forty four, after her return from Nauvoo to Boston, Mrs. Cobb said she loved Brigham Young, better than she did her husband <Mr. Cobb,> and live or die she was xx going to live with him at all hassards. This was in the course of a conversation, in which she <used> extravagant language, in favor of Mr. Young, and against Mr. Cobb. Mrs. Cobb, went out again to Nauvoo, the second time and lived <with> Mr. Young, and their living together and their conduct, was the subject of conversation in the society and out of the society. The general topic of conversation, was that they were living together in illicit intercourse. The subject of conversation, to which I have alluded <was> that persons had a right to live together in unlawful intercourse, and Mrs. Cobb avowed her belief in their doctrine and said it was right.

[Written Deposition of George J. Adams]

180 years ago today - Tuesday, May 3, 1842

... I [Lucius N. Scovil(le)] can testify that on the 3rd day of May, 1842, Joseph Smith the Prophet called upon five or six, viz: Shadrack Roundy, Noah Rogers, Dimick B. Huntington, Daniel Cairns, and myself (I am not certain but that Hosea Stout was there also) to meet with him (the Prophet) in his business office (the upper part of his brick store). He told us that the object he had was for us to go to work and fit up that room preparatory to giving endowments to a few Elders that he might give unto them all the keys of power pertaining to the Aronic and Melchisedec Priesthoods. We therefore went to work making the necessary preparations, and everything was arranged representing the interior of a temple as much as the circumstances would permit, he being with us dictating everything. He gave us many items that were very interesting to us, which sank with deep weight upon my mind, especially after the temple was finished at Nauvoo [Illinois], and I had received the ordinances in which I was among the first, as I had been called upon to work in the [Nauvoo] Temple as one of the hands during the winter. Some weeks previous to the dedication he told us that we should have the privilege of receiving the whole of the ordinances in due time. The history of Joseph Smith speaks for itself. But I can and do testify that I know of a surety that room was fitted up by his order which we finished in the forenoon of the said 4th of May, 1842. ...

[[Lucius N. Scovil[le], Letter to the Editor, 'The Higher Ordinances,' dated January [February] 2, 1884, Deseret News Semi-Weekly, February 15, 1884, p. 2], as quoted in Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed 1842-1845 A Documentary History edited by Devery S. Anderson and Gary James Bergera]

180 years ago today - Tuesday, May 3, 1842

In Nauvoo [Illinois] In [18]40 or [18]41 W[illia]m Felshaw, Samuel R[o]lfe, [and] Dimick B Huntington prepared the masonic lodge room in the brick store chamber for the first endewments[;] took some bars of lead to hold up the tre[e]s of the garden and a piece of carpet for a curtain[,] Joseph Smith giving directions how to prepare all things[.] the masonic lodge met nights and he [Joseph Smith] used the room days for endewments[.] one night after work was over in the lodge [and he] was through working old brother [Asahel] Perry the tyler sayed a brother wishes to enter let him enter[;] George A Smith was the master[.] Joseph Smith entered strode up and down the lodge saying hallahjuh halolujah hullahujah sayed h[e] I have done what king Solamon King Hiram & Hiram Abbif could not do[:] I have set up the Kingdom no more to be thrown down forever nor never to be given to another people ... D[imick] B Huntington's words the night of [[According to Masonic teachings, Hiram Abiff, also known as the widow's son, was the master builder of King Solomon's temple. Because he was murdered for refusing to reveal the secret with which he had been entrusted, his death is commemorated in various Masonic rituals.]] of Dec[ember] 1878 S[alt] L[ake] City.

[Statement, undated, photocopy in Mary Brown Firmage Papers, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, as quoted in Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed 1842-1845 A Documentary History edited by Devery S. Anderson and Gary James Bergera]

180 years ago today - May 3, 1842

Joseph Smith summoned five loyal Mormons to the upper room of his Red Brick Store and confidentially instructed them to "fit up that room preparatory to giving endowments... pertaining to the A[a]ronic and Melchisedec [sic] Priesthoods" . There are several significant features to this: two of the five were prominent Masons: Lucius N. Scovil, Junior Warden of the Nauvoo Lodge, and Dimick B. Huntington, official "Tyler" of the lodge ; several of the five were former Danites from Missouri: Huntington, Daniel Carn, and Hosea Stout ; Smith made special physical arrangements for these "endowments" that he did not require for the Masonic use of the "Lodge Room" of his store; he made no mention of "Patriarchal Priesthood," as alleged by some interpreters of these May 1842 endowment ceremonies .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

200 years ago today - May 03, 1822

Bathsheba Wilson (Smith), later the fourth general president of the Relief Society, is born near Shinnston, West Virginia.

30 years ago today - May 02, 1992

In Los Angeles, California, local Church members join with other volunteers in cleanup and relief efforts in the aftermath of rioting ignited by the acquittal of four white policemen charged with abusing a black motorist.

80 years ago today - May 2, 1942

The First Presidency requests custody of the record of monogamous (1896-1907) and plural (1897-1904) marriages which Anthony W. Ivins performed by Presidency authority in Mexico. Now the First presidency has custody of marriage records of three residents of the Juarez Stake who had Presidency authorization to perform post-1890 polygamous marriage in Mexico: Alexander F. Macdonald (1888-90, 1900-1903), George Teasdale (1891-96), and Ivins. However, the First Presidency furnishes this information only to descendants of the marriages performed by Ivins. Through Canadian apostle Hugh B. Brown, the First Presidency obtains custody of the record of marriages performed in Canada by Charles O. Card and John A. Woolf.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

155 years ago today - May 02, 1867

Maud May Babcock, later a first lady of theater, a physical education teacher, and the first woman to serve as chaplain in the Utah State Senate, is born in East Worcester, New York.

25 years ago today - May 01, 1997

The Church closes the Deseret Gymnasium to make room for a new assembly building (later named the Conference Center) announced by President Gordon B. Hinckley during the April 1996 general conference.

80 years ago today - May 1, 1942

(May) Peter Vlam, an LDS officer in the Dutch navy, is imprisoned in a Nazi camp in Poland where he preaches to his fellow prisoners, seven of whom survive and convert to the LDS church.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - May 1, 1912

[First Presidency]

Dear Brother: Your correspondence with Brother J. Wesley Harmon, a colored member of the Church was duly received ... he does not seem to fully comprehend, and which could not be properly taken up without some care and consideration for him and the race to which he belongs. He makes a fundamental error in conceiving the idea that because it is stated in scripture that 'God is no respector of persons,' the Almighty must of necessity grant to every person living the same rights, powers, authorities and keys of ministration and dominion....

[First Presidency, Letter to Ben E. Rich, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - May 1, 1902

Early BYU student newspaper WHITE AND BLUE warns students that they must be careful in regard to their actions on "Temple Hill" because "there is a telescope in Room A which reveals [their activities there] with marvelous accuracy"

125 years ago today - May 1, 1897; Saturday

[Heber J. Grant]

Had a long chat with Bro[ther] (J[oseph] F) Smith, regarding the manner in which Saltaire was conducted, and the renting of the Brigham Young Trust Co[mpany]. building on Commercial street, for immoral purposes. I expressed my opinion in plain English, regarding the Sunday liquor selling at Saltair and the use of the B[righam] Y[oung] T[rust] co[mpany]. building for any such purpose. Bro[ther] Smith acquiesced in all that I said and eventually, liquor selling will be a thing of the past at Saltair.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

170 years ago today - May 1, 1852 • Saturday

[George Q. Cannon]

A person that they had been called upon to baptise, had been crawling for five years not able to walk upright; she was beleiving and three of them went to pray with her that she might be restored—afterwards they commanded her in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ to arise and walk—she immediately stood up and walked and they afterwards baptised <her>—those who saw her were astonished at it & several came into the Church at the same time. They seemed to be filled with the spirit while dilating upon it and upon the marvellous power of the Lord as manifested in the Church in these days. I was so full that language was too faint to attempt to describe my feelings, I could not talk; this was felt by Bro. Uaua also.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

180 years ago today - May 1, 1842

Joseph Smith preaches a sermon in which he teaches that there are "certain signs and words by which false spirits and personages may be detected from true, which cannot be revealed to the Elders till the Temple is completed . . . The Elders must know them all to be endowed with power . . . There are signs in heaven, earth and hell; the Elders must know them all, to be endowed with power, to finish their work and prevent imposition. The devil knows many signs, but does not know the sign of the Son of Man, or Jesus. No one can truly say he knows God until he has handled something, and this can only be in the Holiest of Holies."

30 years ago today - Apr 30, 1992.

BYU announces a draft of a policy on academic freedom which states: "Academic freedom must include not only the institution's freedom to claim a religious identity but also the individual's freedom to ask genuine, even difficult questions. . . . Freedom of thought, belief, inquiry, and expression are crucial no less to the sacred than to the secular quest for truth." It also specifies "reasonable limitations" on academic freedom to prevent behavior that "seriously and adversely affects the university mission or The Church." Examples of restricted behavior fall in three categories. The behavior or expression (1) "contradicts fundamental Church doctrines or opposes, rather than merely discusses, official policies of the Church; (2) attacks or derides the Church or its leaders; and (3) violates the Honor Code because the behavior or expression is dishonest, illegal, unchaste, profane, or unduly disrespectful of others." Newspaper reports of the document include interviews with David Knowlton in the sociology department about recent statements and with Tomi- Ann Roberts and Cecilia Konchar Farr, two BYU faculty members who have taken anti-abortion but pro-choice positions. They report being "cautioned" that they are jeopardizing their jobs.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

125 years ago today - Apr 30, 1897

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Twelve had their meeting as usual with Presidency and I am informed important business relating to B. Y. Trust Co. came before the Council. Pres[ident] Cannon presiding he cursed me for oard & thought it was nonsense for me to say anything about helping to support fathers widows as I was not able to support myself & family. Of course I was not present. I feel very bad that Pres[ident] C. should feel to censure me to my brethren. I pray God to soften our hearts that we may ... not cherish dislike to each other.

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Apr 30, 1862

[Heber C. Kimball Revelation]

The Lord told me that Adam was my father and that he was the God and father of all of the inhabitants of this Earth.

["H. C. Kimball Memorandum" book, On the Potters Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball, Stanley B. Kimball, editor, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Apr 30, 1842

After announcing the marriage of "Mr. Wm. Warren, to Mrs. Catharine Fuller, both of this city," Nauvoo's Wasp (edited by William Smith) quoted these lines of poetry:



Till Hymen brought his life delighted hour,

There dwelt no peace in Eaden's [Eden's] rosy bower.

[The Wasp (2003 facsimile): 11 (issue of 30 April 1842); "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

180 years ago today - Apr 30, 1842

The Nauvoo WASP reports that "a sham battle will be fought between the mounted Rifle-men under the immediate command of Lieutenant General [Joseph] Smith, and the Invincibles under the immediate command of Major General [John C.] Bennett."

190 years ago today - Apr 30, 1832

In a meeting of the United Firm decisions were made concerning the publishing of the revelations, formally establishing the Literary Firm as an business operation of the United Firm. Cowdery, Phelps and J. Whitmer were given authority to "select for printing such [revelations] as [they] shall deem proper, as dictated b the Spirit & make all necessary verbal [grammatical] corrections." They also decided that "all [copies of the] Revelations [would] be limited to the parties concerned [i.e., Literary Firm] until printed," that is, individuals would no longer be permitted to make their own handwritten copies of the revelations. The Book of Commandments was reduced from 10,000 copies to 3,000. The Firm also decided to print an almanac and hymnal.

[Far West Record, 47-48; Lisle G Brown, "Chronology of the Literary Firm"]