35 years ago today - Feb 15, 1984

Don LeFevre, director of the LDS press relations, issues a statement warning that "privately arranged placement of any children without a licensed agency's sanction is frequently in violation of local or national law. Church officers or members should not be involved in such arrangements." Recently a baby-smuggling ring, which sold some infants to childless had been broken and Nelda Karen Cotwell of Layton, Utah, convicted for conspiring to illegally bring Mexican infants into the United States and sell them..

40 years ago today - Feb 15, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Daken Broadhead ... said that back in the '30s he and a few other young men had a study group that met every other week or so. They were so formal in the group that they kept minutes. They had a number of General Authorities speak to them and arranged conferences occasionally with General Authorities about things which perplexed them. ... Levi Edgar [Young] ... invited [Arther Conan] Doyle to speak-I think on spiritualism. He was invited to speak in the [Salt Lake] Tabernacle. This greatly surprised him, as he thought the Mormons would be so angry about what he had written about them. But he was assured he would receive a polite reception and after his talk he was invited to visit and meet with a variety of important people. He expressed himself as being embarrassed about what he had previously published, and blamed it to some extent on researchers who furnished him material from sources that were unreliable but which they didn't realize to be the case. ...

Another speaker was James E. Talmage, who told them about his experience with his address entitled "The Earth and Man." Elder Talmage said that this talk had been given in the Sunday afternoon meeting held in the tabernacle in the early 1930s. All of these talks were published the following Saturday in the Deseret News, but Elder Talmage's did not appear. It did not appear the next weekend, nor the next. After about three or four months after it was given[,] it did not appear. He said that the Council of Twelve [Apostles] couldn't agree on its publication for several months. Some of them disagreed or were reluctant to have a talk on this controversial subject [evolution].

Elder Talmage said he had prepared the talk eighteen years before and had hesitated delivering it in a public setting because he knew that certain of the brethren would oppose certain of his statements. So he bided his time and after certain brethren had died, he then felt free to present it. Even so, there was still reluctance on the part of some of the Brethren. Specifically, Joseph Fielding Smith did not feel comfortable with his message or with the publication of it. Because of popularity of the talk, however, and the intense interest in it, it was printed as a pamphlet by Deseret Book, but when the supply of the pamphlet was exhausted, they refused to print any more. In more recent years it was republished in the Instructor [Dec. 1965] or possibly Improvement Era or Ensign.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Feb 15, 1979

Kimball and his counselors found it necessary to counter the now-familiar pattern of Mormon ultra- conservatives to imply church endorsement. In February 1979 the First Presidency published a statement against "announcements have been made in Church meetings of lectures to be given by those connected with the Freemen Institute."

[Spencer W. Kimball, N. Eldon Tanner, and Marion G. Romney to All Stake Presidents, Bishops, and Branch Presidents in the United States, 15 Feb. 1979, photocopy in folder 25, box 17, Buerger Papers. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

40 years ago today - Feb 15, 1979

Library Journal' headline "Mormon Book Purges Not Endorsed by Church," regarding LDS missionaries who allegedly remove books they regard as anti-Mormon or non-faith-promoting from public libraries. LDS president Spencer W. Kimball also publicly instructs BYU students to stop cutting out pages from books in campus library even if they regard the content as objectionable.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

150 years ago today - Feb 15, 1869

At a directors' meeting of Z. C M. I. Brigham Young "wished to have the merchants unite together under this head & be governed by the Priesthood. He thought the merchants were slow to carry out his council."

175 years ago today - Feb 15, 1844

[Green Mountain Boys]
We wish to address ourselves to Joe Smith in regard to his call upon us &c. Gen. Joe Smith, Lord Mayor of the holy City of Nauvoo, President of the grand high Cou<n>cil of the Mormon military church &c. We have read your call upon us and many of us have consulted together upon the subject and have come to the conclusion that you ought to have justice done you ... for we believe you honestly deserve it according to our sense of Justice, and that is this, that you be suspended by your neck to a gallows at least fifteen cubits & a span higher than Hamans. We believe that while you was in Kirtland you made a public declaration to your followers that the government of the Un[i]ted Stat[e]s was rotten and that after you got to far west [Missouri] you would give them a new government, that the Mormons must and should rule this continent for the Lord had told you so. . . .

. . . You say your Father stood Several times in the battles of American revolution, but he was not in it[,] neither in the last war with the british nation but if you mean the revolution you attempted in Missourie it would look a little more plausible ... he used to tel[l] about your being born with a veil over your face, and that he intended to procure a stone for you to see all over the world with. ... --If you studied piracy while digging for the money your Father pretended old Bob Kidd <had> buried, you should also have studied the fate of pirates. ...

No, Joe, you may go in the depths of disgrace, like all the low money diggers ...

[Green Mountain Boys to Thomas C. Sharp, 15 February 1844, Thomas C. Sharp and Allied Anti-Mormon Papers, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Green Mountain Boys To Thomas C. Sharp]

180 years ago today - (Fri) Feb 15, 1839

Emma Smith crosses the frozen Mississippi River to Quincy, IL on foot, walking behind her wagon full of family possessions. She brings with her Joseph III, Alexander, Frederick, and Julia, her children. Emma finds shelter at the farm of Judge John Cleveland, 4 miles east of Quincy. John was apparently at this time a Mormon sympathizer. His wife seems to have already been baptized a Mormon. She later became Emma's counselor in the Female Relief Society in Nauvoo. The Clevelands probably exchanged their Quincy farm for a house and lot in Nauvoo c, 1841-42.

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

25 years ago today - Feb 14, 1994

The First Presidency issued a statement declaring opposition to same-sex marriage in response to Hawaii's attempt to legalize same-sex marriage. The Church urged members to support efforts to outlaw marriage equality.

[Timeline of Mormon Thinking About Homosexuality, http://rationalfaiths.com/timeline-of-mormon-thinking-about-homosexuality/]

55 years ago today - Feb 14, 1964

[David O. McKay]
... I approved as follows: ... It was suggested that the [temple] ordinance of baptism for members of the negro race be performed by others than negroes if this can be accomplished without offense.

Temple Recommend Cards for General Authorities Consideration was given to the suggestion that a Temple card be prepared for the General Authorities and their wives to be signed by the First Presidency, indicating that they are entitled to the privileges of all Temples. This card could be presented at the Temple gate indicating that the General Authorities and their wives have an authoritative Temple card of admittance, thus eliminating the necessity of presenting a Temple Recommend. It was suggested that provision be made for the signature of the holder to appear on the back of the card for identification, and the card would not need to be renewed. I indicated my approval of this proposition. ...

[David O. McKay diary, Feb. 14, 1964, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

75 years ago today - Feb 14, 1944

[Spencer W. Kimball]
At 3 P.M. I attended the special meeting of the Council of the Twelve in which we excommunicated the woman [Anna Jacobsen] in the [Apostle Richard R.] Lyman case. Bro Widtsoe and I were appointed to talk further with her and to hear her story which we did immediately after the meeting. It was a sad story full of pathos. My sympathy went out to her in her distress.

[Lyman and Jacobsen had engaged in an unauthorized plural marriage relationship.]

[Spencer W. Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Feb 14, 1899; Tuesday

[Benjamin Cluff, president of Brigham Young Academy]
Went to see Presidency yesterday [i.e., February 14, 1899]. Had a long talk with Presidents [Lorenzo] Snow and [George Q.] Cannon. An appropriation has been made to the school [i.e., Brigham Young Academy], but hardly sufficient to run the one semester out much less the whole year through. What we are going to do is a mystery. It seems that the church can do no more. Something may transpire however to relieve us.

[Benjamin Cluff Jr., Diary, entry dated February 15, 1899]

145 years ago today - Feb 14, 1874 (Evening)

President Brigham Young cordially greeted the people assembled. This social gathers was given in honor of the brethren who had come as volunteers from the North to assist in building the Temple in St. George. President Young blessed those brethren and all the people. -- St. George, Utah

[James G. Bleak. "Annals of the Southern Utah Mission," Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Feb 14, 1849

Great Salt Lake City was divided into 19 wards of nine blocks each.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

175 years ago today - Feb 14, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Story: "Who Shall be our Next President" -- Editorial -- Describing the right person for President, speaking poorly of Martin Van Buren, and endorsing Joseph Smith

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

190 years ago today - Feb 14, 1829

Eliza R. Snow publishes a poem in the Ravenna, Ohio WESTERN COURIER containing the stanzas: "But lo! a shining Seraph comes!/Hark! 'tis the voice of sacred Truth;/He smiles, and on his visage blooms,/Eternal youth.

He speaks of things before untold,/ Reveals what men nor angels knew,/The secret pages now unfold/To human view." Eliza, a future plural wife of both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, has not yet heard of Mormonism (The Book of Mormon is over a year away from being published). Later, after accepting Mormonism, she changes the words "secret pages" to "long seal'd pages," to make more explicit the reference to the coming of the "Seraph," as the angel Moroni who brings the "long-sealed" plates of the Book of Mormon.

45 years ago today - Feb 13, 1974-Wednesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Lester Bush came in yesterday and reported to us on the reception he had from his article on the Negro doctrine published in Dialogue. He discussed at some length his current interest in the Book of Mormon and in medical history. He has had no official criticism as the result of his article in Dialogue and very little complaint from any source. He has had many congratulatory letters.

He has heard that some person from Church headquarters, perhaps Brother [Boyd K.] Packer, did discuss him with his mission presidents and regional representative, and they both favorably reported on him and his work and attitude, and thus that investigation was dropped. He has been compiling a Book of Mormon in which quotations are indented as in most scholarly works. This helps to separate the narrative from the long documents included from previous writers....

February 20, 1974-Wednesday 24

When Lester Bush was in here the other day, he said he had a particular personal friend among the General Authorities, whom he did not identify. He did say that this was a rather conservative brother. He had chatted with him before he talked with us. He said that he had heard of absolutely no reaction to the article which Lester had published in Dialogue magazine on the Mormons and the Negro.

He said this friend had told him that things seemed to have been moving in the direction of liberalizing the Negro doctrine. This had come up in two or three respects. One involved racial intermarriages and one involved temple activities. At any rate, this friend said that some of the more conservative brethren had somewhat resisted some of the liberalizing decisions which President Lee had made. Whether or not the friend had agreed with this was not made clear by Brother Bush. In any case, some of these people had said that they thought President Lee was mistaken in some of these liberalizing decisions and others thought he was headed in the right direction. Some regarded President Lee's sudden death as an interference of God to prevent further liberalizing from taking place.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

120 years ago today - Feb 13, 1899

Heber J. Grant, upset with First Counselor George Q. Cannon Sunday sermon on charity the day before (which Grant "could not help feeling that it was a plea for his son to be forgiven & made a US Senator.") writes: I explained to Prest Snow that I felt very deeply wounded at the sermon which Pres Cannon had preached Sunday in view of the Attack of his son in his speech last Thursday evening. I told him I felt I could not feel well to be obligated to him for the present made me a little over a month ago.[Cannon gave Grant a gift of $1500 on Jan 6] The President agree with me that I would feel better if refunded the amount. I wrote a note to Bro. Cannon and enclosed my check for $1500. . . .I told Prest Snow of my intention to return the 1500 to Bro. Cannon and said he could not blame me for the desire to do so. I am glad he felt this way." George Q. Cannon's son Frank had given a speech "Senatorial Candidates and Pharisees" in which, according to Grant, "He made a vile attack on Apostle John H[enr]y Smith, the Church, Mr. McCune and myself. He had more to say about me than any one else."

160 years ago today - Feb 13, 1859

[Wilford Woodruff]
I spent an hour with President Young in the afternoon. He spoke upon the subject of the Book published by Mother Smith Called Joseph Smith the Prophet. He said he wished us to take up that work & revise it & Correct it that it belonged to the Historians to attend to it that there was many fals statements made in it and he wished them to be left out and all other statements which we did not know to be true, and give the reason why they are left out. ... That Book makes out William Smith according to Mother Smith's statement to be full of the Holy Ghost & the power of God while at the same time I herd him say in the presence of Heber C. Kimball while Joseph Smith was a prisioner in the hands of his enemies and I said that God would deliver him. William Smith said Dam him Joseph Smith ought to have been hung up by the neck years ago and Dam him he will get it now any how.

President Brigham Young said Wm. Smith is the most wicked man I ever saw in my life. ...

[Copies of the original book are gathered and burned, and a new modified edition is published]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Feb 13, 1849 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]
Conversation on mesmerism until Lorenzo Snow presented the case of the African Race for a chance of redemption and unlock the door to them. President Young explained it very lucidly that the curse remains on them because Cain cut off the wives? [or perhaps "lives"] of Abel to hedge up his way and take the lead but the Lord has given them blackness, so as to give the children of Abel an opportunity to keep his place with his descendants in the eternal words. -- Salt Lake City

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 9-12-6, 77-78; General Church Minutes. Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 1 (2002); The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Feb 13, 1844

Joseph Smith writes, in a letter declining a requested visit to nearby Quincy, Illinois: "Moreover, wisdom and prudence seem to forbid my coming, on account of the bitter feeling which manifests itself in various places between this and Quincy,-not that I have any apprehensions for my personal safety; for the same kind hand which hath hitherto been my shield and support would save me from the power of my wicked persecutors; . . ." He is assassinated in Carthage four months later.

30 years ago today - Feb 12 1989

The Church announces that worthy, unendowed members whose spouses are not members or the Church or are not worthy to enter the temple may receive their individual endowments.

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database,' http://www.woodlandinstitute.com]

40 years ago today - Feb 12, 1979-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
Jan [Tyler] said that when she was 17, President Kimball, then an apostle, dedicated their chapel in Walla Walla. She was asked to transcribe the tape of his talk. While she was transcribing it, she had gotten through one tape and was about halfway through the second when suddenly she heard a voice come in, as if a spirit voice, and say, "This man will someday become president of the Church and under his presidency the blacks will be given the priesthood." She was startled, realizing that it was not President Kimball's voice. She went back and played the tape again, and did not hear the "spirit voice." She did write down the experience, however, for future reference. Later on in the day she began to wonder whether she had the experience or not-whether it was just a case of bad hearing. So she played the tape once more and heard the same voice interject with the same statement. Then to make sure, she replayed it again and did not hear the voice. So she heard the voice twice, and of course if anyone else played the tape they would not hear the voice. ...

This morning Clyde A. Miller and his two sons Mark and Karl came to talk about a history of John W. Taylor, the apostle, son of President John Taylor. They said they have in their possession all the papers of John W. Taylor, hundreds of letters, diaries, and other documents. They will give these to the Church Archives when they finish doing the history. ... He asserted in the strongest terms that the family do not want to have anything in the book that will embarrass the Church in any way. The two sons strongly supported that position. ... They told me many stories about John W. Taylor and his spiritual experiences. He made many prophecies, all of which, they believe, have come true. He also saw and visited with the Savior. There are others in this same vein.

The family are not pleased with The Family Kingdom by Sam Taylor. They know that Sam Taylor invented some of the things in that book to make it more readable, and he has admitted that explicitly to them. There was no conflict between the wives of John W., they said, and when Sam Taylor sent in the draft of Family Kingdom to the publisher, they said "You have got to have some conflict that will provide interest to the reader," and so he invented some experiences that brought out the conflict between the wives. John W. has 36 children, some 19 of whom are still alive. Basically most of them are loyal in the Church. ...

They told me stories indicating that Joseph F. Smith was very sorry that he had excommunicated John W., [for promoting post-manifesto plural marriage] also that John W., while out of harmony with the Quorum [of Twelve Apostles], never lost his testimony of the gospel, and felt firm in the Church. They indicated he was one of the great speakers or orators in the Church, and that he counseled the family to "follow the Brethren" in every way. They indicated that he was a close friend from missionary days of Matthias Cowley [a fellow apostle who was also discplined] and they remained close friends to the end of John W.'s life.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Feb 12 1979

BYU student John David Neumann, working as an "undercover homosexual" for college credit, meets a 24-year-old Provo man in the BYU Wilkinson Center. Neumann rides with him toward Heber, and tells him about homosexuals at BYU. BYU student newspaper, THE DAILY UNIVERSE reports, "He said it was possible to pick them up in the Wilkinson Center and at the Richards P.E. Building".. Neumann claims that when the Provo man made sexual advances, he "grabbed him by the wrist" and signaled BYU Security officers, who cite the Provo man for reckless driving. Two days later a warrant is issued, and the man is later apprehended and charged in Fourth District Court with forcible sexual abuse.

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

45 years ago today - Feb 12, 1974-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
A brother Collier, who came in to see me today, said that he read in Heber J. Grant's diary an entry in which he says he turned over the Council of Fifty minutes to Joseph Anderson and put him under a covenant never to give them to anybody to use. I do not know what disposition Joseph Anderson has made of these, but I would guess that they would be in the vault of the First Presidency.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

50 years ago today - Feb 12, 1969

[David O. McKay] I asked what conclusion the brethren had reached regarding the matter. President Tanner said the same conclusion that was arrived at about two years ago, that Elder Benson should discontinue this kind of thing [political extremism], and particularly in stake conferences, and should limit himself to talking about the gospel and its applications. President Tanner said that he thought I made as clear a statement on the subject as he had heard made in the meeting of the Council of the First Presidency and the Twelve at that time. I said that there is no reason why we should not continue that understanding.

[David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

55 years ago today - Feb 12 1964

First Presidency letter that all prospective missionaries "found guilty of fornication, of sex perversion, of heavy petting, or of comparable transgressions should not be recommended until the case has been discussed with the bishop and stake president and the visiting [General] Authority."

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

120 years ago today - Feb 12 1899

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary] [Sunday Tabernacle] Pres[ident] Geo[rge] Q. Cannon followed with an address on charity. In my heart of hearts I could not help feeling that it was a plea for his son to be forgiven & made a US Senator. If I am in error then I have done Bro[ther] Cannon a great injustice and if I am right then I am sad indeed to think one of the First Presidency could do a thing of that kind.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Feb 12 1884

First day of the debate between Church of Christ (Disciples) minister Clark Braden and RLDS leader, E. L. Kelley. During Braden's nineteenth speech, he presented a list of accusations of sexual misconduct directed at Joseph Smith. Several had never been raised before.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

185 years ago today - Feb 12 1834

Joseph Smith gives instruction to the council: -"In ancient days, Councils were conducted with strict propriety, that no one was allowed to whisper, be weary, leave the room, or get uneasy, in the least, until the voice of the Lord, by revelation, or the voice of the Council by the Spirit was obtained, which has not been observed in this Church to the present. It was understood in ancient days, that if one man could stay in Council, another could; and if the President could spend his time, the members could also; but in our Councils, generally, one will be uneasy, another asleep; one praying, another not; one's mind on the business of the Council, and another thinking on something else, etc."

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

105 years ago today - Feb 11 1914

[Salt Lake Stake] President [Nephi L.] Morris made the following statement: -- President Joseph F. Smith, in the presence of the stake presidency,



announced that the recent actions of the council of apostles with respect to certain polygamous marriages, were in perfect accord with the views of the first presidency. A few days later, President Francis M. Lyman instructed the stake presidency in person that [former apostle] Brother Matthias F. Cowley was not to be permitted to officiate in any of the functions of the priesthood, and that he was to be denied membership in the high priests' quorum and in the local high priests' class. President Lyman said that Brother Cowley stood stripped of all authority, and was only as a member of the church and nothing more, barely having the privilege of the sacrament.

[Salt Lake High Council Minutes]

175 years ago today - Feb 11 1844

The ship Swanton sailed from Liverpool with 81 Saints, bound for Nauvoo, where they arrived April 18th.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

25 years ago today - Feb 10 1994

Counselor Gordon B. Hinckley withdraws church's financial support from Salt Lake City's Pioneer Memorial Theater (PMT) because of "increasing profanity and vulgarity in its productions." Subsequent explanations in DESERET NEWS cite profanity in production of "Conversations with my Father" several months ago. Timing of Hinckley's announcement is unfortunate-day after PMT's premier of Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet," which presents its "star-crossed lovers" as black-white interracial couple.

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

120 years ago today - Feb 10 1899

...Presiding Bishop [William B.] Preston ... presented the usual charity report, amounting to some $40,000.00, which is one-third less than the charity report of two years ago.



"Senator Frank J. Cannon spoke to a crowded house at the Theatre last night. ... He had been openly charged by the Woman's Republican Club with immoral conduct, and asked by resolution to resign his office. The Senator took this means of acknowledging his shortcomings and attacking those whom he termed his enemies, among them Elders John Henry Smith and Heber J. Grant. The scene was a sad spectacle to behold, and the anti-Mormon element appeared to be greatly entertained by the Senator's harangue."

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Feb 10 1884

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] Attended the funeral of [plural wife of Joseph Smith] Vienna Jaques who died aged 96 years. A M Cannon spoke 20 M Penrose 20, [HI J Grant 5 M G Hamblin 7, & W Woodruff 30.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Feb 10 1834

Brigham Young marries legally for the second and last time during his life. He marries Mary Ann Angel two years after the death of his first wife Miriam Works. He marries at least 53 more times before his death in 1877.

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

80 years ago today - Feb 09 1939

Elder Luis Constantini, from Buenos Aires, is called on a mission. He is the first missionary from a South American country.

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database,' http://www.woodlandinstitute.com]

105 years ago today - Feb 9 1914

... under existing circumstances it is not consistent nor proper that the Church should continue to print and publish Brother [Matthias F.] Cowley's works, especially when there is plenty of literature appropriate for proselyting purposes which may be re-published instead, we therefore suggest that a new edition of Cowley's talks be not issued under Church auspices.



[Cowley, a former apostle, had been disciplined for continuing the practice of plural marriage]

[First Presidency, Letter to Samuel O. Bennion, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Feb 9 1844

Gov. Reynolds of Missouri shoots himself through the head, having written that although he has tried to carry out his duties, he has not been able to escape "the slanders and abuse of my enemies, which has rendered my life a burden to me." Many assume that Reynolds is referring to criticisms of him because he had not been able to return Joseph Smith to Missouri for trial.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Feb 9 1844

Joseph Smith teaches that heaven is inhabited by angels who are resurrected beings and "the spirits of just men made perfect. (See D&C 129.)

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

185 years ago today - Feb 9 1834

In Kirtland "The council proceeded to investigate certain charges presented by Elder Rigdon against Martin Harris; one was, that he told A. C. Russell, Esq., that Joseph drank too much liquor when he was translating the Book of Mormon; and that he wrestled with many men and threw them; and that he (Harris) exalted himself above Joseph, in that he said, "Brother Joseph knew not the contents of the Book of Mormon, until it was translated, but that he himself knew all about it before it was translated. Brother Harris did not tell Esq. Russell that Brother Joseph drank too much liquor while translating the Book of Mormon, but this thing occurred previous to the translating of the Book;"

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

75 years ago today - Feb 8 1944

War correspondent reports during invasion of Kwajalein by U.S.Marines that one LDS marine refuses medical attention until medics help his wounded LDS buddy. Then correspondent records that young man raises his right arm and says: "In the name of Jesus Christ and by virtue of the Holy Priesthood which I hold, I command you to remain alive until the necessary help can be obtained to secure the preservation of your life."

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

175 years ago today - Feb 8 1844

Joseph Smith's only acknowledged polygamous child Josephine is born. Her mother Sylvia Sessions Lyon is legally married to Windsor P. Lyon with whom she is living, and so this is the first acknowledged polyandrous child. As chief justice of Nauvoo, Smith fines two African-Americans $25 and $5 for "trying to marry white women."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Feb 8 1839

Liberty, Missouri. After Joseph Smith's failed escape attempt, local citizens gathered outside of Liberty Jail and threatened to kill him and his fellow inmates. Joseph prophesied that they would be kept safe.



[During the escape, six Mormons came to visit, foiling the attempt]

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

55 years ago today - Feb 7 1964

President [N. Eldon] Tanner brought to my attention a question that had been raised regarding temple work for [United States] Presidents Martin Van Buren, James Buchanan and Ulysses S. Grant. In this connection reference was made to President Wilford Woodruff 's statement that he had done the work for all the presidents of the United States excepting these three. President Tanner referred to information that had been given to him by Henry Christiansen of the Genealogical Society to the effect that in the case of James Buchanan the records indicate that baptism was performed for him and he has been sealed to his parents, this work having been done by relatives. In the case of Martin Van Buren, baptismal work was done for him August 9, 1876 in the Endowment House, which apparently was not known to President Wilford Woodruff at the time he had the work done for the other presidents. Subsequently, the baptism was done again for Martin Van Buren in 1948 and was followed by endowments, but he is not sealed to his parents, nor has there been a sealing between him and his wife. In the case of Ulysses S. Grant, his baptism and endowment work were done in 1926 at the instance of President Heber J. Grant. President Tanner raised the question as to whether, in view of President Woodruff 's attitude, these ordinances should be cancelled or if the necessary additional work should be done in each case. I ruled that we should leave these cases as they are until the Lord gives us further direction in the matter.

[David O. McKay diary, Feb. 7, 1964; emphasis in original, as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

85 years ago today - Feb 7 1934

At a meeting of a joint committee appointed by the Church to study the attitudes of youth toward religion the chairman reports, "It is generally conceded that there is a strong tendency for our young people, many of them, to take an attitude against our orthodox beliefs." He cites a prayer published in the Delta Phi [an LDS fraternity] Bulletin:



"Dear God, our Father, we remember before thee this Sabbath morning the great free souls who have been crowded from Thy Church-noble men and women whose spiritual freedom was greater to them than life.



Bring them back, Father, into our communion again. Touch their hearts with understanding. Help them to forgive us. And we pray Thee, Father, touch also our hearts, for we have become hard and cold with our own self-righteousness.



Our hearts are now filled with sorrow and remorse for our sins. "We have crucified many and driven them out of Thy Church, thinking we did Thee service. And now before our eyes this morning this vast procession marches, made lonely through our exclusiveness, crushed by our ignorance. Help us to make our Church inclusive-not exclusive; creative -not preservative.



Help us to be tolerant with intolerance. May Thy Church, through us, be a light unto the world, a light of freedom and peace, love and good will, where personal character and social justice may not die out."

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

120 years ago today - Feb 7 1899

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary] I had to smile to think that 33 members of the Legislature could be found who would be green enough to ask Bro Moses to accept the office of U.S. Senator. ... It is incomprehensible to me that 33 members of the Legislature, mostly faithful members of the Church should ask [Apostle] Moses Thatcher to run for Senatorship.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Feb 7 1884

Elizabeth Stephens is "set apart as a midwife and Doctress" by Wilford Woodruff.

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

175 years ago today - Feb 7 1844

Joseph Smith writes in his diary: "A piece of doggerel appears in the Warsaw Message of this date, entitled 'Buckeye's Lamentations for the Want of More Wives,' evidently the production of Wilson Law, and breathing a very foul and malicious spirit."

[http://www.advent-adam.com/jakestand.html (cached, based on http://amzn.to/extensions-power)]

180 years ago today - February 7 1839

[Patriarchal Blessing] Bathsheba Bigler (Smith). (Given by Joseph Smith, Sen.)



... [thou] shalt have a Son who shall be mighty; for he shall be a prophet and Seer; and thou shalt hear him; and thou shalt hear him prophecy of all things, and stand upon the Earth when the lands are married, and enjoy all things when the Earth is cleansed ..."

[Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Feb 7 1839

After much rude treatment in jail and lack of due respect from the law, Joseph Smith considered escaping from Liberty Jail and received a confirmation that he and the brethren could go that night if they all assented. Lyman Wight objected, however, so they delayed the attempt.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

105 years ago today - Feb 6 1914

[W]e do not wish to interfere with the status of the Relief Society affecting its corporate life or its affiliation with the National Council for Women, and therefore suggest that the society remain as it is for the present at least.



But ... the affiliation of the Relief Society with the national organization must be regarded merely as a passing incident in the life of the society, an incident which may be terminated at any time without affecting in any way the society itself; and that the society must be regarded as paramount in import to everything else now connected with it ...

[Joseph F. Smith, Letter to Emmeline B. Wells and Counselors, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

155 years ago today - Feb 6 1864

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal] This morning before I was out of Bed, My Grand Son Wilford Leslie Snow, Son of Lorenzo & Phebe Snow, being two years old this day, Came to my bed side & laid his hands upon my head & Gave me [a blessing] ...



As Wilford Leslie is young in the Patriarchal office it is right to say he had the assistance of his Mother.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

40 years ago today - Feb 5, 1979-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
... So the diary [William Law diary] covers the period when William Law was becoming disillusioned with the Prophet. It shows him to have been very upset with the Prophet. At the end in commenting about the death of the Prophet, William Law calls him a charlatan, a false prophet, not a good person. William Law says he first became upset with the Prophet because his wife, Jane, who was pregnant, was asked by the Prophet to be his wife. William Law did not believe in polygamy, was revolted by the idea and by the way in which the Prophet approached his, William's, wife to be his, Joseph's, wife. William says that he and his brother Wilson discussed this and decided to let all of these secret things be known. It was their thought that the Saints should be made aware that the Prophet was introducing the practice of plural marriage. They also felt that the Saints should be informed of the new doctrine of plurality of gods and that man was a god in embryo, a potential god. That thought was blasphemous to them, and incorrect doctrine.

When it became known that they were establishing the Nauvoo Expositor and the issues began to be circulated, they were threatened by Hyrum Smith and others. The diary suggests that William was threatened unto death. The diary mentions William walking down the street and encountering Hyrum. Hyrum was very angry and threatened him, and others threatened him with guns. A meeting between William Law and Joseph Smith was set up and the Prophet became very angry at him. Then Wilson and William feared for their lives and left in the night. They went to stay at a hotel in Burlington, Iowa.

... While William was in Iowa he wrote that, "I hear that the Smith brothers were murdered. It served them right. They received their just dues. They had it coming." It was at this point that he calls the Prophet the names indicated above-charlatan, false prophet, etc. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

70 years ago today - Feb 5, 1949

First counselor J. Reuben Clark recommends anti-Semitic 'Protocols of the Elders of Zion' to Ernest L. Wilkinson, soon to be president of Brigham Young University. In Dec. 1957 Clark makes a similar recommendation to Apostle Ezra Taft Benson, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. This may be the reason Benson organizes a secret surveillance of employees (especially Jews) in the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Feb 5, 1899

In an interview with the NEW YORK HERALD, President George Q. Cannon explains if a man's wife was barren, he might "go to Canada and marry another wife. He would not be violating our laws, and would not be in danger of prosecution unless the first wife should follow him there from Utah and prefer a charge of bigamy against him. He might go to Mexico and have a religious ceremony uniting him to another that would not violate our law." This is the first public admission that the Manifesto is not strictly adhered to.

145 years ago today - Feb 5, 1874

Patriarchal Blessing of Mary Rollins Lightner given by Jonathan Crosby ... I seal Blessings for thee in Common with thy Companion the prophet [Joseph Smith] who is gone behind the vale [veil] and is working further in the presence of our Father & our god ...

Sister Let thy Heart rejoice for thy Last days shall be thy best days, & then shalt be Comforted & freed from all Your afflictions for thy Husband shall visit You & Comfort You so that thou shalt rejoice and praise the God of Joseph for he is Like unto Moses to Lead Israel. and thou shalt be Comforted by his Ministrations while You Remain in the Flesh for thy name shall endure & thy Kingdom & dominion, for thou shalt be a Queen to Reign with thy Husband in the Kingdom & dominion that are appointed unto him, when thou hast prayed & Humbled thyself before the Lord thou hast Been Comforted but greater shalt thou Receive from this time forth of the Comforts & Consolations By Visions & Manifestations which shall Come through the Ministrations of thy Companion thou shalt Live until You are tired of Life of Life [sic] have part in the first Resurrection arise with thy Companion to meet the Lord at his Coming & Receive dominion Glory & a Kingdom for thou shalt Reign with him through out the Endless ages of Eternity I seal all former Blessings upon You which thou hast received in the Temple of God, and I seal the[e] up unto Eternal Lives in the Name of Jesus Amen

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Feb 5, 1844

[Nauvoo Temple]
Joseph Smith and William Weeks met to discuss the Temple's construction during the coming summer. The Prophet desired "round windows in the broad side of the building." Weeks said that such circular windows "were a violation of all known rules of architecture." The Prophet responded, that he would have circular windows even if the building had to be ten feet higher, and then he said, "I wish you to carry out my designs. I have seen in vision the splendid appearance of that building illuminated, and will have it built according to the pattern shown me."

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

180 years ago today - Feb 5, 1839

Sidney Rigdon, who was ordered discharged from jail, leaves by night.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

185 years ago today - Feb 5, 1834

[Greene M. Evan]
Tuesday 5 this day we met at Brother Rud[d]s at the lake this evening we had a meeting and a powerful time it was [to?] there was quite a large company together and Brother Wm Ssmithe [William Smith] spake in the gift of tongues with much power. . Amen

[Greene, Evan Melbourne, 1814 –1882. Diaries, 1833 –1852]

45 years ago today - Feb 4, 1974-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
Sometime in the course of his [Dr. Heber C. Snell's] Ph.D. training [having to do with biblical studies], however, he had come to have some reservations about some aspects about Mormonism. After his graduation and his teaching in the Institutes, he came to measure Mormonism by his view of the Judeo-Christian ethic and Biblical scriptures. This caused him to believe that the Book of Mormon was neither a historic account nor an inspired scripture. Since he was assigned to teach Old Testament, New Testament, the ancient prophets and so on, this was not a problem for him. However, as he continued to teach Institute classes at Logan, he became more and more open in expressing his misgivings about the Book of Mormon. Students would raise questions in class about the relation of the Book of Mormon, and he would make statements like "Let's not go into the Book of Mormon-it is not in the same category as the Bible anyway; let's not talk about the Book of Mormon-I am not sure I believe it; let's not talk about the Book of Mormon-it is not inspired scripture;" and so on.

A couple of students-returned missionaries-finally wrote to a General Authority in Salt Lake City complaining that he lacked a testimony of the Book of Mormon. The General Authority asked Logan people for their comments about him. Dr. W. W. Richards, who was director of the Institute in Logan, defended Dr. Snell as being a great student of the Bible and a fine religious person. President Alma Sonne, a member of the Board of Trustees of the university, also defended Dr. Snell as being a fine teacher, a stimulating class leader, basically a believer, and an authority on the Bible. This took care of the problem for a temporary period, but Dr. Snell did not heed the advice of Dr. Richards to keep quiet about the Book of Mormon and some students continued to complain. Finally Brother Joseph Fielding Smith, either on his own initiative or as an assignment of the Twelve, undertook to test the orthodoxy of Dr. Snell. He had a conference with him and then drew up a long list of doctrinal beliefs and asked him to indicate in each case whether he believed this or not. The list which I saw[,] only briefly[,] included several pages. Dr. Snell filled it out honestly and indicated certain things he did not believe and certain things he did. He was then called in by Joseph Fielding Smith for an oral confirmation of these beliefs and Dr. Snell quite honestly indicated his lack of belief in the Book of Mormon as well as in other doctrines of the Church. On the basis of Elder Smith's report, Dr. Snell, who had already reached retirement age was retired. Normally, if he had not muddied the waters by his indiscreet statements about the Book of Mormon, he would have been kept on at least part time for perhaps four or five years. ... Let me say that I knew Dr. Snell quite well-that I myself defended him as a person that was needed in the Institute system. Of all persons in the system, he knew most about the Bible. He was a Bible scholar of national reputation. ... One of the unfortunate results of the dismissal of Dr. Snell was that they made it very difficult for Institute teachers to use Ancient Israel as a text in Bible classes. This is unfortunate because the book was interesting, well written, accurate, and inspiring. By defending Dr. Snell in some public appearances with some rather strong criticism of the Church, Sterling McMurrin also made it more difficult for those of us who defended Dr. Snell-those of us who believed in working within the system.

Dr. Snell was never excommunicated nor disfellowshipped and continued to attend more or less regularly meetings of the Fourth Ward [Logan] in which he lived. I don't know how often he attended, but I do know that he attended on occasion and was on good terms with members of the ward. So far as I am aware, there was never any intention on the part of the bishop or stake president or Church authorities to have a trial for his membership. This, I think, is to the credit of the Church.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

125 years ago today - Feb 4, 1894

[Benjamin Tolman]
[Received] a fearful handling from President [Rudger] Clawson and Adolph Madsen showing no pity but rakeing me quite smartly, I took it as best I could. Tho[ma]s Wheatly Jr was ap[p]ointed to take charge of the ward, and a number of teachers were put before the people. There was a manifest feeling not to sustain them. I then said I would be found sustaining those over me but thought I should have a hearing.

[Benjamin Tolman Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - Feb 4, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
No Architect in building a Temple who is not thoroughly acquainted with giving Endowments should go to work to build a Temple according to his own ideas without Consulting with the building Committee and the Presidency of the Church and those who do understand what is necessary for the work of the Endowments. By persuing this Cource in Logan Temple Br Angel has made many mistakes and much work has had to be undone.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Feb 4, 1879

[Wilford Woodruff]
I gave seconed Anointing to Mahonri Coriantimur Steel and wife. ...

I had a Conversation with Henry W Miller who says he was present when Joseph Smith the prophet deposited the Original Manuscript of the Book of Mormon. It was deposited in the South East Cornor of the Lot. When He deposited it He said sumthing like this. I deposit this Manuscript in the name of the Lord for I have had much trouble about it Since it has been in my hands. But I now Commit it into thy hands O God for safe keeping untill the Coming of the Son of Man. Then this with all other Records will be brought forth by the Lord. At the End of the Thousand years rest Satan will be let loose for a little season which I expet will be One thousand years. Then He will use his last power on the Earth and He will seek to destroy all the word of God out of the Earth and the Lord would have to protect it.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Feb 4, 1864

In President [Brigham] Young's private room in the Lion House, February 4, 1864, he (Pres[ident]. Young) ordained Joseph Angell Young and Brigham Young Jr., Apostles, and confirmed upon John Willard Young the ordination to the Apostleship which he received when he went through the Endowment House (which was November 22, 1855) and set each of them apart as assistant counselors to the First Presidency. He also blessed John W. Young who was the first son born to him under the New and Everlasting Covenant. He was born October 1, 1844. Elder Brigham Young was sustained as a member of the Council of the Twelve October 9, 1868.

[Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

165 years ago today - Feb 4, 1854

Lucy Mack Smith writes to Orson Pratt concerning her manuscript of the early history of Joseph Smith: "I have studied over the matter and have finally concluded that you may make use of [the manuscript] in any way you see proper." The permission was, evidently, retroactive since Pratt had published the book the previous year.

170 years ago today - Feb 4, 1849

My ownly Son living was baptized when he was Eight years old. He is now most nine year of Age. He is A good youth And seems to be under the influence of the spirit of the Lord. He obeys his Parents in all things. I ordained him this day to the office of A Priest to officiate in that office in his Fathers houshold untill He shall Arive At A suitable Age to officiate in the Church. ... And Wilford Woodruff Jr. Now ordained A Priest can bless the bread And wine And Administer it to the family who Are members of the Church from time to time inasmuch As they have not A chance to Attend meeting in Any branch of the church.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - about Feb 4, 1844

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith saw in vision the pattern for the Nauvoo Temple, which he related to architect William Weeks on February 5.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

175 years ago today - Feb 4, 1844

[Anointed Quorum]
Sunday evening prayer circle in upper room of Smith's store, second anointing for Cornelius and Permelia Lott. Joseph Smith "made some remarks respecting the hundred and forty-four thousand mentioned by John the Revelator, showing that the selection of persons to form that number had already commenced" .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - Feb 4, 1829

Doctrine and Covenants 4. For Joseph Smith Sr. Serve the Lord, the field is white, thrust in your sickle eye single to the glory of God. Ask, knock.

[Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

50 years ago today - Feb 3, 1969

[David O. McKay]
... in a recent meeting [when] President Brown was away, in which it was decided pertaining to work for the dead that it would be permissible to seal a woman to more than one husband in cases where there had been children by more than one husband and it was not known which husband she preferred. The decision was that the woman could be sealed to her various husbands by whom she had children and thus the way would be provided so that the children born to these marriages could be sealed to their natural parents and do the temple work for their parents. ... President Brown said he did not feel to favor this decision. ... President [N. Eldon] Tanner reported that this entire question had been discussed by the First Presidency a short time ago [and] that Brother [Howard W.] Hunter's argument, with which he agreed, was that when we seal a woman to any man in cases of those who have passed away[,] it is arbitrarily done and we do not know whether this man was the woman's choice or not... He mentioned that our former practice was to seal this woman to her first husband unless it was known that she wanted to be sealed to one of her subsequent husbands... President Tanner further mentioned that President Smith had made the statement in writing that there will be a transference of sealings[,] and if that is true it would be simple to make the transfer according to the woman's choice. President Tanner asked me if I wanted to hold the matter up for the present and I said absolutely.

[David O. McKay diary, Feb. 3, 1969, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

60 years ago today - Feb 3, 1959

President David O. McKay writes Dr. A. Kent Christensen: "The Church has issued no official statement on the subject of the theory of evolution. Neither 'Man, His Origin and Destiny' by Elder Joseph Fielding Smith nor 'Mormon Doctrine' by Elder Bruce R. McConkie, is an official publication of the Church. . . . While scientific people themselves differ in their interpretations and views of the theory, any conflicts which may seem to exist between the theory and revealed religion can well be dealt with by suspending judgment as long as may be necessary to arrive at facts and at a complete understanding of the truth" McKay-s secretary Clare Middlemiss restates first sentence in letter of May 8, 1964

165 years ago today - Feb 3, 1854

As my son Wilford was to commence this morning to begin to officiate in the priests office by going through the ward to visit the house of each member in company with Brother Ross in the capacity of teachers I called my family together for the purpose of Prayer and Dedicating my son unto the Lord. His father and mother laid hands upon his head and Dedicated him unto the Lord. The following is a copy of the Blessing bestowed upon his head:

Wilford Woodruff Jr. ... when he was 13 years & 323 days old.

... I seal you up unto Eternal life and no power shall take your crown. And you shall live long upon the Earth and do great good and bring many souls into the kingdom of God. ... you shall Receive the fulness of the priesthood and the Apostleship and the keys thereof and shall follow the footsteps of thy father wherein he has been faithful in the Apostleship. And thou shalt live and not die.

Thy body shall not be laid in the grave but thou shalt live till the coming of Christ. Then shall thy body be changed in the twinkling of an eye from mortality to immortality, and Shall be caught up to meet the Lord in the air when he shall come in the clouds of heaven to meet with the saints on the earth.

... Thou shall see Zion esstablished in great power and glory....

During the evening Sisters Whitney & Eliza Snow called upon us and spent the evening. ...

Before they left Sister Whitney sung in tongues in the pure language which Adam & Eve made use of in the garden of Eden. This gift was obtained while in Kirtland through the promise of Joseph. He told her if she would rise upon her feet (while in a meeting) she should have the pure Language. She done so and immediately commenced singing in that language. It was as near heavenly music as any thing I ever herd.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Saturday, Feb 3, 1849

[Council of Fifty]
... The House having been called and duly opened by Prayre, the subject of securing the Public Arm[s] was taken up. Pres. B[righam] Young said that all Hell was upon our tract & that it was necessary & highly important to adopt some measures to secure the Public arms. As yet the Idea has gone out by those that have gone back to the States, that we are asleep as to preparing for Warr. We wanted that influence to go out in order to give us time to prepare for them. Let a smaul Fraim [house], 12 by 16 feet, be Built immediately for the safety of the Public Arms, equipage and ammunition. Let there be a man appointed who is competent to take charge of them & keep them in good order. A building of this kind can be moved about when necessary & when we get time, we will build a First rate Arsnel. ... 32 dollars were raised out of the Council. Every member presant donated one dollar, P[arley] P. Pratt & Reynold[s] Cahoon excepted. Reynolds Cahoon was then appointed the committee to Superintend the Erection of the building & Thomas Tanner was appointed the arimour [armorer]. Pres. B. Young said that he [Tanner] was the only man in this valley that [can] understand the duty of an armorer, & he can mak[e] any part of a cannon, Musket or rifle & is qualified to repair & keep in repair all the guns that belongs to the armory. ...

[John D. Lee diary, 87–88, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Feb 3, 1844

[Wilford Woodruff]
Feb 3d 1844 I walked into President Joseph Smith Store or office over the store & spent a few moments in conversing with Elders W Richards And Wm. W. Phelps & President Joseph Smith Came into the room & Said he had a dream & related it to us which was as follows:

+ I was standing on a peninsula in the midst of a vast body of water whare their appears to be a large harbor or a peer built out for boats to Come into. I was surrounded by my friends & while looking at this harbor I saw a Steem boat approaching the harbour. Their was bridges on the peer for persons to cross & there came up a wind & drove the steem boat under one of the bridges & upset it. I run up to the boat expecting the persons would all drowne. And wishing to do sumthing to assist them I put my hand against the side of the boat & with one surge I shoved it under the bridge & righted it up & then [I] told them to take care of themselves. But it was not long before I saw them starting out into the channel or main body of the water again. The storms were raging & the waters rough. I said to my friends that if they did not understand the signs of the times & the spirit of Prophecy they would be apted to be lost. It was but a few moments after when we saw the waves break over the boat & she soon founderd & went down with all on board & perished.

The storm & waters were still vary rough. Yet I told my friends around me that I believed I could stem those waves & storm & swim in the waters better than the steem boat did & at any rate I was determined to try it. But my friends laughed at me & told me I Could not stand the storm at all but should be drouned. The waters looked Clear & beautiful though exeeding rough, & I said I believed I could swim & I would try it anyhow. They said I would drown. I said I would have a frolic in the water first if I did & I dove of into the raging waves.

I had swum but a short distance when a towering wave overwhelmed me for a time but I soon found myself on the top of it & soon I met the second wave in the same way & for awhile I struggled hard to live in the midst of the storm & waves. But I soon found I gained upon evry wave & stemmed the torrent better & better & I soon had power to swim with my head out of water so the waves did not break over me at all & I found I had swam a great distance & in looking about me I saw Br Samuel by my side. I asked him how he liked it. He said first rate & I thought so to. I was soon enabled to swim with my head & Sholdiers out of water & I Could swim as fast as any steem Boat, & in a little time it becaim calm & I Could rush through the water & ownly go in to my loins & so[n?] I ownly went in to my knees & finally could tread on the top of the water & went almost with the speed of an arrow & I said to Samuel see how swift I can go & I thought it was great sport & pleasure to travel with such speed & I awoke.

What the interpetation of the foregoing dream was the spirit of God or time must determin.

[ ]

In the evening of this day the quorum met at Joseph store. Brothers Wm. W Clayton & Joseph Young met with them But I was not present. Elder Kington Came after me with a waggon to go to his house & hold a meeting so I took my family & rode 6 miles across the prarie in the storm & spent the night at his house. Joseph Young & wife & Wm. Clayton Received their 2d Endowments &c.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Feb 3, 1844

William Clayton, Joseph Smith's personal secretary, and Joseph Young, brother of Brigham, together with their wives receive their second anointings in the room over Joseph Smith's Store in Nauvoo. Clayton writes, "was permitted to the ordinance of washing and anointing, and was received into the Quorum of Priesthood. This is one of the greatest favors ever conferred on me and for which I feel grateful." Two and a half months previously Clayton had written that he thought Emma Smith "had power to prevent my being admitted to Joseph's Lodge" in the mean time had asked Joseph, in writing, for admittance.

He also notes that Jane Bicknell Young was endowed and received "into the Quorum of the Priesthood."

175 years ago today - Feb 3, 1844

[Anointed Quorum]
Sunday evening prayer circle meeting "over the Store," Joseph Smith not present; anointing and endowment for Joseph Young, Jane A. Bicknell (Young), and William Clayton (cf. Willard Richards diary, LDS archives., 12 Jan. 1845).

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Feb 3, 1839

[Wilford Woodruff]
Feb 3d I wrote two letters one to Sister Eunice & the other to Elder A. O. Smoot in far west Mo. I now learn that persecution still rages in Zion. Joseph the Prophet with all the presidency & many of the Elders are in bonds & imprisionments & counted among transgressers.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Feb 3, 1839

[Patriarchal Blessings]
Patriarchal Blessing of Eliza Ann Snow given by Joseph Smith, Sr. on February 3, 1839

A Blessing Meeting was held by Joseph Smith Senr. the Patriarch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, at the House of Daniel Allen's Jr. in the City of Farwest Caldwell County State of Missouri. Feb. 3. AD. 1839 A Patriarchal Blessing was confer[r]ed upon the head Eliza Ann Snow Wife of James C Snow and Daughter of John Carter. Born in the Town of Newry Oxford County State of Maine September 28. AD. 1818

Sister Eliza Ann I once more lay my hands upon thy head to bless thee and to confirm the Blessings of a Father upon thee, and I ask God our Heavenly Father to strengthen thy mind and also confirm upon thy head. the blessing which has already been confirmed upon thee. and all that has not been fulfilled may come to pass and now I lay my hands upon thy head again the second time and Seal Blessings upon thee which shall not be taken from thee. if thou art faithful because thy Name is written in Heaven and sealed in the Lamb[']s Book of Life therefore thou shalt live long on the Land and shall receive all of thy Blessing and shall be blessed in all thy day in com[m]on with thy companion. thou shalt also have Posterity & they Shall be great upon the Earth. for the Heavens shall be propitious over them and they shall be blessed of the Lord continual[l]y. thou shalt Live also to see thy Posterity even down to the third generation yea even this child that now hast in thine arms. Shall live and stand upon the Earth when the Downfall of Babylon shall be and shall see the Saviour come. be faithful them. so that Angels may administer to thee. for they will desire thy company and in Night visions they shall administer to thee and guard the[e] from all danger.

thou shalt also be a Mother in Israel and shall be Blessed upon the Earth and shall live to see the winding up scene of this generation and stand when C[h]rist shall come. and shall receive an inheritance in Zion. and be crowned with Celestial Glory. because thou art of the Blood of Joseph through the loines [loins] and Lineage of Ephreaim [Ephraim] therefore thou shalt have wisdom given thee Sufficient to accomplish all things which thou shalt set thine hands to do for there shall be nothing to hard for thee. and now I say unto thee listen to the voice of thy companion while he is with thee and then when he is gone to the Nations who stand afar off thou shalt know by the Spirit of God where he is. which shall cause thine heart to rejoice. thou shalt also have the spirit of Prophecy so that thou canst understand all things and comprehend all things in thy day and generation. and now I say unto thee be faithful and a crown of Celestial Glory thou shalt receive in the Kingdom of thy Father. which shall never be taken from thee. and now I seal the seal of the Living God upon thee and seal the[e] up unto Eternal Life. in the Name of Jesus Christ Amen. James C Snow Scribe

Recorded Feb[r]uary 3. 1859 in the City of Provo Territory of Utah Utah County James C Snow Recorder [Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:142]

[Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

10 years ago today - 2/2/2009

[Same-Sex Marriage]
AP Story about donations by church run. Church spokeswoman Kim Farah says Church donated no money directly and that the in-kind donations amount to less than one-half of one percent of all Yes on 8 contributions.

[However, individual Mormons, at the encouragement of church leadership, donated the majority of funds towards prop8].

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

40 years ago today - Feb 2, 1979

President Spencer W. Kimball, in an interview with D. Michael Quinn refers to the "Youth Baptism Program." of previous decades as "the kiddie baptism program."

70 years ago today - Feb 2, 1949

[David O. McKay]
Bishop Wirthlin Said he is assigned to the Mesa Stake Conference, and that question on 'local option' is coming up. ... I said that there is but one ideal for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and that is Prohibition. . ... They say that local option causes trouble' bootlegging, etc. but there is bootlegging right now. The secret of success in local option is when the people vote for enforcement, and when it is known that public sentiment is for enforcement.

Brother Wirthlin then said that Murray at night is a 'ghost town' but just north of them towards 33rd South, there are 'a lot of taverns that are completely surrounded with cars at midnight and after' and that 'there is something wrong somewhere.'

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Feb 2, 1899

The First Presidency and apostles decide that "inasmuch as dancing in moderation was a healthful and grace-giving exercise, and that the style of round-dancing [waltzing] had so changed of late years as to do away with its most objectionable features, and since to prohibit it altogether would be to drive many of our young people to Gentile dancing halls, outside the control of the Priesthood, that it was not wise to attempt to abolish it entirely, but to restrict it as much as possible, and instruct Bishops and Stake Presidents accordingly."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

165 years ago today - Feb 2, 1854

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
Silence--Speak not but what may benefit others or yourself. Avoid trifling conversation.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Feb 2, 1854

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
... I ordained was my ownly son now living with me Wilford Woodruff jr. He is 13 years old. He is now to begin to officiate in the Priest office of the lesser Priesthood. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Feb 2, 1844

The first known polygamous child, George Omner Noble, is born to Joseph B. Noble and Sarah Alley who were married by Joseph Smith.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

Feb 1 1844

[Heber C. Kimball] My self and wife Vilate was announted Preast and Preastest [Priestess] unto our God under the Hands of B[righam]. Young and by the voys [voice] of the Holy Order.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

Feb 1 1829

Harmony, Pennsylvania. Joseph Smith received Doctrine & Covenants 4, a revelation for his father, Joseph Smith Sr. containing qualifications for missionary service.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

175 years ago today - Feb 1, 1844

Joseph and Hyrum Smith publicly announce excommunication of an elder for teaching polygamy in Michigan: "As we have lately been credibly informed that an elder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, by the name of Hiram Brown, has been preaching polygamy and other false and corrupt doctrines in the county of Lapeer, state of Michigan, this is to notify him and the church in general that he has been cut of from the church for his iniquity." Heber C. Kimball records in his journal, -My self and wife Vilate was announted Preast and Preastest [Priestess] unto our God under the Hands of B[righam]. Young and by the voys [voice] of the Holy Order.-