55 years ago today - Jun 16, 1964

President [N. Eldon] Tanner presented the request of Elder Theodore M. Burton [of ] the Genealogical Department for instructions in the matter of sealing living persons by proxy as in cases where the living person is mentally or physically so incapacitated that he cannot come to the Temple for the ordinances, and also in cases where the mental age is not determined. He reviewed the ruling that when a person is not physically or mentally able to go to the Temple the work may be done by proxy. Problems included are: Who decides whether the mental age is eight years or over? The Genealogical Department has been informed that a competent physician may determine the mental age and if it is not eight years of age the child is not baptized, but that such a child may be sealed to parents. I directed that each case be considered on its special circumstances.

[David O. McKay diary, emphasis in original as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Jun 16, 1894 (Saturday)

Hirini Whaanga, Mere Whaanga, Apikara Whaanga and four children sailed from Auckland, New Zealand, bound for Utah. these were the first Maori Saints who gathered to Zion. They emigrated in charge of Elders William Douglas, Wesley Gibson and Lars Christian Rasmussen, returning missionaries.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

135 years ago today - Jun 16, 1884

President John Taylor's secretary records: ". . . after due consideration of the whole case the First Presidency decided that Sister Ellen Clifford be permitted to make her choice as to whether she will be sealed to her first husband Thomas Andrews (dead) or to her second husband John E. Hansen (now living) and in case she chooses to be sealed to Bro. Hansen, that Bro. Hansen be instructed to do all in his power in behalf of Bro. Andrews in obtaining Endowments for him, and it is also suggested that he and Sister Hansen have some woman sealed to Bro. Andrews and also have the children and Bro. Andrews adopted into their family."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - Jun 16, 1844

I will preach on the plurality of Gods. * * *

Our text says, "And hath made us kings and priests unto God and His Father." * * * My object was to preach the scriptures, and preach the doctrine they contain, there being a God above, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. * * *

Eloheim is from the word Eloi, God, in the singular number; and by adding the word heim, it renders it Gods. It read first, "In the beginning the head of the Gods brought forth the Gods," or, as others have translated it, "The head of the Gods called the Gods together." * * *

The head God organized the heavens and the earth. In the beginning the heads of the Gods organized the heavens and the earth. * * * The head one of the Gods said, Let us make a man in our own image. I once asked a learned Jew, "If the Hebrew language compels us to render all words ending in heim in the plural, why not render the first Eloheim plural?" He replied, "That is the rule with few exceptions; but in this case it would ruin the Bible." He acknowledged I was right. * * *

In the very beginning the Bible shows there is a plurality of Gods beyond the power of refutation. It is a great subject I am dwelling on. The word Eloheim ought to be in the plural all the way through---Gods. The heads of the Gods appointed one God for us; and when you take that view of the subject, it sets one free to see all the beauty, holiness and perfections of the Gods.

[Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, pp. 370-372; June 16, 1844. Meeting in the Grove, east of the Temple. as quoted in Paper, "Concepts Quotations Dealing With the Origin, Identity Position of Adam Eve"]

185 years ago today - Jun 16, 1834

[Joseph Smith]
(Zion's Camp) One man swears to kill the Mormons or else the buzzards can eat his flesh. His boat sinks, he drowns, and his body floats downstream until he gets lodged on an island; the buzzards end up eating his flesh.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Jun 16, 1834

"Martin Harris having boasted to the brethren that he could handle snakes with perfect safety, while fooling with a black snake with his bare feet, he received a bite on his left foot. The fact was communicated to me [Joseph Smith], and I took occasion to reprove him, and exhort the brethren never to trifle with the promises of God."

A meeting is held between Mormons in Jackson County, Missouri and non-Mormon residents there. The non-Mormon residents offer to either buy out the Mormons or to allow the Mormons to buy them out. The first option is refused on religious grounds, the second for economic reasons.

90 years ago today - Jun 15, 1929

The Mormon Tabernacle Choir begins radio broadcasts.

105 years ago today - Jun 15, 1914; Monday

Sat during the forenoon and early part of the afternoon in council with the Twelve. We found it necessary to take action against one of our brethren. Donald A. McGregor ... was disfellowshipped from the Church for disobedience to the rule and order of the Church in the matter of illegal marital relations [plural marriage].

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

175 years ago today - Jun 15, 1844. Saturday.

[William Clayton Journal]
A.M. conversing with Dr. [Joseph] Wakefield and others in the Bar Room, [Joseph Smith] telling a dream concerning his father killing a man who attempted to stab him. He also spoke concerning key words. The g[reat] key word was the first word Adam spoke and is a word of supplication. He found the word by the Urim and Thummim. It is that key word to which the heavens is opened.

A.M. at President Joseph's. 2 brethren ... saying that old Col. Williams' Company had been to demand their arms and they wanted to know if ... they must yield them. Joseph told them not to do it while they lived.

Various reports have come stating that the Warsawites have ordered the Saints to leave forthwith and threatening pretty bad.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - 1844 15 Jun.

[Joseph Smith]
The Presiding Patriarch publishes an announcement signed as "HYRUM SMITH, President of the Church."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jun 15, 1844

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith was at home examining Benjamin West's painting Death on the Pale Horse, which had been in his reading room for three days.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

185 years ago today - Jun 15, 1834

While on the Zion's Camp march, Joseph Smith received word that Daniel Dunklin, governor of Missouri, would not fulfill the expectation to reinstate the Saints to their lands in Jackson County, Missouri.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

30 years ago today - Jun 14, 1989

LDS missionaries and those of the Jehovah's Witnesses were expelled from Ghana, a western Africa nation where 6,000 Church members live. The Church had no advance notice of the ban. The LDS missionaries were able to return to Ghana in 1990.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnews.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

35 years ago today - Jun 14, 1984

The Southern Baptist Convention passed a resolution against ordaining women in the Baptist Church.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

35 years ago today - Jun 14, 1984

Nelda Karen Cotwell of Layton, Utah, is convicted, in Laredo, Texas, of conspiring to illegally bring Mexican infants into the United States and sell them. Following Cotwell's arrest in early February, several reports appeared in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram linking "a growing number of Mormons" to an "international adoption ring." In response, Don LeFevre, director of the LDS church's press relations, issues a statement warning that "privately arranged placement of any children without a licensed agency's sanction is frequently in violation of local or national law. Church officers or members should not be involved in such arrangements."

45 years ago today - Jun 14, 1974

Stake names changed to reflect headquarters city and state or country.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

60 years ago today - Jun 14, 1959

Billy Casper is the first LDS golfer to win the U.S. Open, which he wins again in 1966. Casper is admitted to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1978 and to the PGA Hall of Fame in 1982. In 1973 Johnny Miller is the second Mormon golfer to win the U.S. Open. Miller is the first Mormon to win the British Open. Miller enters the PGA Hall of Fame in 1996.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

65 years ago today - Jun 14, 1954

[David O McKay Diary]
This morning at 8 o'clock, met with the Temple Committee, consisting of the Presidency, President Joseph Fielding Smith, Elders Harold B. Lee, and Spencer W. Kimball. I asked Howard McKean to present the proposed plan of preparing the present Temple rooms in the Salt Lake Temple to experiment upon the new plan of presenting the ordinances by use of screen and visual aids. It was decided that we can use the Assembly Room in the Temple to set up a stage to make the experiment without making important changes in the present rooms.

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

70 years ago today - Jun 14, 1949

[David O. McKay Diary]
As I had no appointment this evening, decided to cut the lawn. Just as I was finishing this job, a tall young man, with lunch box in hand, came up to me. He held out his hand in some sort of a sign and said 'this is the sign of the Priesthood.' Sensing something wrong with him I immediately told him that I had an appointment and would not have time to talk to him. I think he is one of the 'Son's of Aaron' cult. I learned later that he had also called at Pres. Clark's home two or three times, and said that he had been in the Mental Hospital. This young man's name is Clark.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

145 years ago today - Jun 14, 1874

Apostle Orson Pratt: "God said, in the year 1832, before we were driven out of Jackson County, in a revelation ... that before that generation should all pass away, a house of the Lord should be built in that county.... This was given forty-two years ago. The generation then living was not only to commence a house of God in Jackson County, Missouri, but was actually to complete the same,... if you believe in these revelations you just as much expect the fulfillment of the revelation as of any one that God has ever given in these latter times,... we Latter-day Saints expect to return to Jackson County and to build a Temple there before the generation that was living forty-two years ago has all passed away. Well, then, the time must be pretty near when we shall begin the work." (See 1832 September 22, D&C 84:1-5,31,32)

[Journal of Discourses, vol. 17, p. 111 http://journalofdiscourses.com/17/16, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

145 years ago today - Jun 14, 1874

[Brigham Young]
I will say that I have left my wish in writing concerning the burial of my body when I die. I do not wish anybody to shed a tear for me, not my family nor anyone else. I want my body put in a California cedar coffin to keep my dust in, then carry me carefully to my grave, on my own land without any pomp or parade. I do think that it is a sin for the Latter-day Saints to go to so much expense as some of them are in the burial of their dead.... If the spirits of the dead were in this room they could see the face of the Lord, if he would permit it, but the wicked cannot see as the saints do... You go to a battle field where the ground has been strewn with the dead one hundred years after the battle and you will find it occupied with evil spirits as Heber C. Kimball did when he went to England to preach. All these old settled countries are full of evil spirits. For one third part of the host of heaven in the great rebellion were cast down to the earth and have remained here until this day and they seek to enter in to the tabernacles of men where ever they can obtain admission and they rule over them and incite them to evil deeds.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jun 14, 1844. Friday.

[William Clayton Journal]
A.M. conversing with a number of gentleman in the Bar room concerning the proceedings of our enemies. He [Joseph Smith] prophesied in the name of the Lord that if they did mob us it would be a precedent to come down upon their own heads with fury and vengeance.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Jun 14, 1844

Joseph Smith writes a letter to Illinois governor Thomas Ford explaining the EXPOSITOR incident: "[T]he proprietors were a set of unprincipled, lawless debauchers, counterfeiters, bogus-makers, gamblers, peace-disturbers, . . . the City Council decided that it was necessary for the 'peace, benefit, good order and regulations' of said city, 'and for the protection of prosperity,' and for 'the happiness and prosperity of the citizens of Nauvoo,' that said Expositor should be removed, and declaring said Expositor a nuisance ordered the Mayor [Joseph Smith] to cause them to be removed without delay; which order was committed to the Marshal by due process, and by him executed the same day, by removing the paper, press and fixtures into the streets and burning the same; all which was done without riot, noise, tumult or confusion, . . ."

185 years ago today - Jun 14, 1834

(Zion's Camp) Two men are chased by "four suspicious fellows on horseback." Others ride throughout Jackson County yelling, "The Mormons are coming, the Mormons are coming!" and also setting fire to some houses.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

35 years ago today - Jun 13, 1984

First Spanish-speaking stake in U.S. (Huntington Park West Stake in Los Angeles).

105 years ago today - Jun 13, 1914

[George F. Richards journal on J. Golden Kimball misspeaking]
[In Rexburg, Idaho:] At the afternoon session Pres[ident]. [J. Golden] Kimball spoke and in course of his remarks stated that he had offended Pres[ident]. [Joseph F.] Smith by something he had said. That the law of the Lord is the same to high & low &c which made me feel very badly & after he had closed I spoke & said as much at which Pres[ident] Kimball asked in what particular & I told him & the people that it seemed from his talk that he had a difference to settle between himself & Pres[ident]. Smith and that it ought not to have been brought to this conference, that any defense he might make was but weakening the hands & influence of the President of the Church. Bro[ther] K[imball]. asked for the privilege of making a statement which was granted & he said he had no such intention &c. I spoke after about 15 minutes in praise of the integrity of the personnel of the Councils of the General Authorities and at the conclusion of the meeting I invited Pres[iden]ts. Kimball, Austin, Blake, Miller & L[l]oyd to meet with me at the Stake Administration building where the others were asked if they had drawn the same conclusion as I & found that they had, though Pres[ident] K[imball]. could not admit the justification for it. I think perhaps had Bro[ther] K[imball]. been sitting by me I might have asked him to set himself right which would have no doubt been better.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Jun 13, 1889

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
G Q Cannon & J F Smith & several of the Twelve had a Meeting with the City Council & others upon the water question. There Come near being a war among the Latter Day Saints about the water going to Law & going to shooting Each other. I Councilled a Meeting among them and they met yesterday and to day which has Calmed the Elements Considerable.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jun 13, 1864

[Brigham Young Sermon]
Brethren and sisters, we enjoy music, singing, good society, the ordinances of the House of God, and everything that the earth produces; and all the blessings that God has given we can enjoy, and not sin. The world do not know how to do this. Were they to meet together to dance and have social party they would sin. I have heard many a minister say that there were no fiddles in heaven. At that time I did not understand as I do now, for I now know that there are no fiddles in hell. There may be many fiddlers there, but no fiddles; they are all burned that go there. In regard to your situation here, I can say there is no other people upon this earth that is favored as we are; there is no other people that enjoy the freedom that we do

[ Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:313-314; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jun 13, 1844

In the evening Joseph relates a dream in the Seventies Hall in which his enemies, Foster and Higbee, are symbolized as two large snakes who are locked together so tightly that they cannot get any power over Joseph. The dream also refers to the plans of William and Wilson Law being overcome.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jun 13, 1844

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith received the report that a mob of about 300 was assembled at Carthage, Illinois, and was ready to attack Nauvoo.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

175 years ago today - Between Jun 6, 1844 and 13-Jun 1844

Hyrum Smith reportedly offers reward for the destruction of the Warsaw Signal. Hyrum Smith reportedly threatens the life of Warsaw Signal editor, Thomas C. Sharp. Warsaw Signal prints report of destruction of the Nauvoo Expositor and announces resolve and area support to protect it's press to the death.

[Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology, Rev 01 Volume 01" http://bit.ly/tiddchron]

175 years ago today - Jun 13, 1844

Joseph Smith refers to "my guardian angel" during a sermon.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

185 years ago today - Jun 13, 1834

Mormon missionaries hold conference in the center of polygamous sect of "Cochranism" converting many.

[The Evening and the Morning Star 2 [August 1834]: 181;Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

185 years ago today - Jun 13, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary [Zion's Camp]]
... We tarried in the middle of this prairie which is about twenty eight miles across, on account of a rupture which took place in the camp. Here F. G. Williams and Roger Orton, received a very serious chastisement from Brother Joseph, for not obeying orders previously given. The chastisement given to Roger Orton, was given more particularly for suffering me to go back after the horses, as I was one of Joseph's life guard, and it belonged to Roger to attend to the team ...

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

55 years ago today - Jun 12, 1964

Bonneville International Corporation (BIC) created to consolidate Church-owned commercial broadcasting stations and operations—founding president is Arch L. Madsen.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

60 years ago today - Fri Jun 12, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
President Clark's call to be First Counselor to President McKay. 8:30 a.m.--Following Brother Moyle's departure, I called President Clark and asked him to come to my private office. I said to him: "President Clark, I think the time has come when we should reorganize the First Presidency, and I should like to have you as my First Counselor." "Well, now," he said, "I do not want you to feel obligated to take me, but I feel honored in being asked, and I pledge you my wholehearted suport, and all that I have I want to give to the Cause and to the support of the Church and the First Presidency, and I pledge my allegiance to you." I thanked him, and then told him that I should like to have Brother Henry D. Moyle as my second counselor. President Clark was agreeable and said that Brother Moyle would give good support.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

75 years ago today - Jun 12, 1944

[J. Reuben Clark]
D. O. M. We agreed no Old Folks Home for Church since it would mean relieving Wards and relations of their duties to support and put the old people in strange environments, and doing what we were condemning the Government for doing.'Also agreed that Welfare plan shd. not develop in Ch. dole; that to remedy this, shd. see that Bp. provided sustinance, and priesthood rehabilitation; that wards not stakes nor regions shd be the units. Caution against large enterprises.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

130 years ago today - Jun 12, 1889

John M. Whitaker writes: "Today also I received a long telegram from brother Carl G. Maeser, Provo, stating that serious charges had been preferred against one of Brother Young's sons, Brigham Young [Jr.] and to come down at once. . . . We went at once to Brother Maeser's home where I was introduced to his charming daughter, and after supper, he took us to Dr. Hamberg's home, the man from whom Brigham had stolen, and here he told us how it all happened: That when Brigham came from the canyon, to his home where he boarded, Brigham secured a key to the cellar, took wine and treated his two young friends, until they were all drunk, and then he entered Mr. Smart's little store, took $20.00, some cigars, perfume and other things; that later he was arrested by the sheriff, and tried to put the blame on others, but was placed under bonds for trial."

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1844

[Joseph Fielding]
I often preach to my wife and endeavor to inspire her with faith. Her mind has been troubled at some things in the Church, the subject of spiritual wives so much talked about at this time, and other things, an expression of Elder Lyman Wight's that if a woman complained of being insulted by any man, she ought to be set down as a strumpet, on the ground that no man would do it unless she gave him some liberty. This she knew to be a false notion from her own experience. In this she is correct. The expression of Brother Wight was spoken publicly in our hearing and she thinks it hard if a female is to be insulted as she has been and to have no redress. I take it as an instance of man's weakness to hold forth such a sentiment and for the elders to smile at it is no proof of their approval of it, but I see nothing in all that is going on that troubles me at all. ...

I tell my wife I mean to hold on to the truth at any cost and the greatest cost would be to lose her, but her unbelief shall not stop us. I feel as though I can in spite of this bear her along.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
...Story: "Retributive Justice" - The Nauvoo Expositor -- Editorial -- Describes the mob's creation of a new anti-Mormon paper, The Nauvoo Expositor. Describes the Saints, led by the city martial, as they destroyed the press and papers.

- Story: "To the Public" - The Destruction of the Nauvoo Expositor" -- Editorial -- States that everything the Saints did was in cooperation with the City Council and Police force.

- Story: "Anecdote" -- Editorial -- Puns about the names of the mob leaders.

... - Ordinances: "Proceedings of the City Council" -- Willard Richards -- Long list of actions, including: Phinehus Richards, Levi Richards, and Edward Hunter receiving their seat on the council, Councilor Emmons was suspended from office due to a slander investigation, and the Nauvoo Expositor was declared a nuicense, and ordered to be removed.

... - Ordinances: "An Ordinance concerning Libels and for Other Purposes" -- Geo. W. Harris -- Widens the definition of slander, to ensure that the Saints can protect themselves from those who seek to misrepresent the church.

... - Announcement: Publishing of the Doctrine and Covenants -- Editorial -- Announces the printing of the Doctrine and Covenants in about one month, and petitions for immediate orders.

- Announcement: "Caution" - Beware of False Paper Money -- Joseph Smith -- States that the failure of the Kirtland Safety Society should make members wary of accepting all forms of paper money.

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1844

Thomas Sharp begins publishing in the Warsaw Signal violent calls for anti-Mormon action: "DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE—EXPOSITOR FFAIR . . . war and extermination is inevitable. Citizens, Arise, One and All! ! Can you stand by and suffer such Infernal Devils! to rob men of their property and rights, without avenging them? We have no time to comment: every man will make his own. Let it be made with powder and ball! ! !"

Joseph and seventeen brethren are arrested by Constable Bettisworth and charged with committing "a riot" by breaking and destroying the Nauvoo Expositor press. Joseph notices that the writ of arrest contains the words "before me or some other justice of the peace of said county." He therefore refuses to go to Carthage, but volunteers to go to the Nauvoo justice of the peace. Constable Bettisworth becomes furious. Joseph takes out a writ of habeas corpus, appearing before Aaron Johnson. The court decides that he "acted under proper authority in destroyingthe establishment of the Nauvoo Expositor," and he is released. At this time William Law is claiming that his store was completely gutted, with losses of $30,000. When Bettisworth returns to Governor Ford without Joseph as prisoner, most people in the surrounding area become infuriated.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

30 years ago today - Jun 11, 1989-Sunday

[Leonard Arrington]
Statement on the Brigham Young Biography Based on a Review of My Diary, 1972-1985: In 1972, shortly after I became Church Historian, my staff and I, particularly James Allen and Davis Bitton, Assistant Church Historians, recommended to the First Presidency of the Church, among other things, the preparation of a good biography of President Brigham Young. This seemed to be particularly needed after we had discovered many boxes of Brigham Young material that were in the basement of the Church Administration Building, still unopened, uncatalogued, and previously unknown to LDS historians. The First Presidency counselled us to catalog the material and then return for further discussion. Because of other assignments and the large mass of Brigham Young-period manuscripts to be examined, we did not complete the cataloguing, even in a preliminary way, until 1977, the one hundredth anniversary of Brigham Young's death. We then studied the materials for two years, trying to decide whether we should simply edit the papers, or at the rate of, say, one volume per year, write a multi-volume biography, and, if the latter, who should write it. We finally went to President [Spencer W.] Kimball the spring of 1979 and proposed a seven-volume biography, each volume to be written by a separate historian, and each to focus on one aspect of President Young's life-one each on Brigham Young as a colonizer, family man, businessman, Church president, governor, formulator of Indian policy, and contributor to Mormon doctrine and practice. President Kimball listened to us carefully, thought for a moment, then finally shook his head and said, "I would like to see a really good, one-volume biography of Brigham Young before I die." So that settled that; we put on the shelf our plans for an edition of his papers and/or volumes of his many roles. These plans are still on the shelf.

"Here are the names of three people that we suggest as possible biographers for the one volume," we volunteered. President Kimball replied, "I don't want to see the list. I want you to do it," pointing his finger toward me. ...

President Kimball recommended finding a national publisher, wanted the biography written in a manner that would make it imperative for libraries to place it on their shelves and specifically instructed me not to send it to Correlation"They don't know history the way you do." He advised me to consult with a variety of historians, both members and nonmembers. As for Mormon historians, he emphasized that I should consult not only with traditional historians but also with what he called "Dialogue-type historians" in order to get "liberal" as well as "conservative" points of view. He wanted the biography to be honest, objective, many-sided, and to make good use of the information in the previously unexamined manuscripts we had uncovered.

... I borrowed some money and at my own expense hired four persons part-time, to help go through the mass of formerly unexplored material. The research assistants and I still had full access to the resources in the Church Archives because President Kimball had approved the project. ... Alfred Knopf agreed to publish the book, which finally appeared in 1985 under the title Brigham Young: American Moses. The book received good national reviews, was adopted by the History Book Club, and was nominated by the National Book Critics Circle as biography of the year. ... I was especially glad when Sister [Camilla] Kimball told me that President Kimball was pleased by the book and by its national reception. He had to be especially pleased that the book was placed in several thousand regional and local libraries. The book sold well, both in hardback and paperback. I must emphasize that President Kimball always encouraged me in my work as Church Historian. He often put his arm around me, told me not to be discouraged by occasional criticisms, and was unfailingly friendly, supportive, and helpful. ... I occasionally heard rumors that one or two of the Brethren were less than enthusiastic about some of the things the Historical Department historians were publishing, but President Kimball went out of his way to reassure me. "Our work," he said, "must have national as well as Church-wide credibility, especially among informed people. We had to write history 'the right way.'" I interpreted our move to BYU as a way to preserve our scholarly integrity. As several persons told us, the Church didn't want to be in the position of "approving" or "disapproving" what we wrote. Under university administration, we could continue our scholarly work in an atmosphere of academic freedom. We did so, and I feel sure that we did our research and writing in a responsible manner, both as to the scholarship and as to the probity.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

145 years ago today - Jun 11, 1874 (Thursday)

A party of soldiers from Camp Douglas, under command of Major Gordon, broke into the jail at Salt Lake City and rescued their comrade, Thomas Hackett, who had been confined there for assaulting Solomon P. McCurdy the previous day.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Jun 11, 1864

[Brigham Young]
... Most of you, my brethren, are Elders, Seventies, or High Priests; perhaps there is not a Priest or Teacher present. The reason of this is that when we give the brethren their endowments, we are obliged to confer upon them the Melchizedek Priesthood; but I expect to see the day, when we shall be so situated that we can say to a company of brethren, You can go and receive the ordinances pertaining to the Aaronic order of Priesthood, and then you can go into the world and preach the Gospel, or do something that will prove whether you will honor that Priesthood before you receive more. Now we pass them through the ordinances of both Priesthoods in one day, but this is not as it should be and would [be], if we had a temple wherein to administer these ordinances. But this is all right at present; we should not be satisfied in any other way, and consequently we do according to the circumstances we are placed in.

[Brigham Young, June 11, 1864 , Journal of Discourses, 10:309 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1844

[Patriarchal Blessing of Flora Clarinda Gleason]
... And if thou desire it with thine whole heart th[o]u shalt see the winding up scene of this generation; see Isra[e]l gathered from the four quarters of the earth, and see Zion established in peace throughout the land, of America. Thou shalt have all thy desires even riches, honor and power ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1844

Probable date that Joseph Smith III is ordained as his father's theocratic successor. Warned the same day of a conspiracy to murder them, William Law and associates flee Nauvoo with their families. Joseph Smith, on the day after the NAUVOO EXPOSITOR is destroyed, "Instructed Bro [W. W.] Phelps to write a proclamation to the citezens [sic] of Nauvoo to keep quiet &c."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1844

Joseph issues a proclamation stating that he has destroyed the Nauvoo Expositor, which he considered a nuisance (and therefore had the legal right to destroy, just as he would any nuisance).News of the action against the press travels quickly.

A mass meeting of anti-Mormons assembles in Carthage. A resolution is adopted, stating, "We hold ourselves at all times in readiness to cooperate with our fellow citizens in this state, Missouri, and Iowa to exterminate—UTTERLY EXTERMINATE, the wicked and abominable Mormon leaders, the authors of our troubles. . . . A WAR OF EXTERMINATION SHOULD BE WAGED, to the entire destruction if necessary for our protection, of his adherents."

[Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought (various issues), Su '69, 47; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Jun 11, 1839

The first house was put up by the Saints in Commerce, afterward named Nauvoo.

[Richards, Franklin Dewey and Little, James A., Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306, http://www.amazon.com/Compendium-Doctrines-Gospel-ebook/dp/B002LTY4Z0?ie=UTF8tag=mormonchronic-20link_code=btlcamp=213689creative=392969]

180 years ago today - Jun 11, 1839

Joseph commences dictating his personal history to his clerk, James Mulholland. This document will eventually become the basis of Joseph's History of the Church. Elder Theodore Turley raises the first house in Commerce that is built by the Saints themselves. Joseph records his impressions of the land about Commerce, stating that "the land was mostly covered with trees and bushes, and much of it so wet that it was with the utmost difficulty a footman could get through, and totally impossible for teams. Commerce was so unhealthful, very few could live there; but believing that it might become a healthful place by the blessing of heaven to the Saints, and no more eligible place presenting itself, I considered it wisdom to make an attempt to build up a city."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jun 11, 1829

The Book of Mormon's copyright was obtained from the "Office" of Richard R. Lansing of Utica, New York. Richard Ray Lansing ... The particulars of Smith's obtaining the copyright are vague. Perhaps Smith filed the copyright in person shortly after his return to Fayette from Palmyra where he had just concluded his negotiations with Egbert B. Grandin to print the Book of Mormon. Smith's History perhaps too closely associates his Palmyra negotiations with obtaining a copyright: "Mean time our translation drawing to a close, we went to Palmyra, Wayne County, N.Y: Secured the Copyright; and agreed with Mr Egbert Grandin to print five thousand Copies for the sum of three thousand dollars." The draft, however, reverses the order and separates the events: "Mean time our translation drawing to a close, we went to Palmyra, and agreed there <<with Mr>> Egbert Grandin to print and publish five thousand <<copies>> for three thousand Dollars, and about this time secured the copy right"

[Book of Mormon Copyright, 11 June 1829, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Book Of Mormon Copyright]

170 years ago today - Jun 10, 1849

... Conversation [was held] on Crickets. Mills on City Creek'Hebers Mill, [and how] Crickets made [a] strike last year when [the] Wheat was heading. ...

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - 1844 10 Jun.

Hyrum tells Nauvoo City Council that the 1843 revelation pertains to ancient polygamy, not to modern times. By Joseph Smith's order as mayor the council destroys the Expositor as "a public nuisance."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jun 10, 1844

The city council meets again for over six hours to discuss the Nauvoo Expositor. Joseph reads from the Expositor and asks, "Is it not treasonable against all chartered rights and privileges, and against the peace and happiness of the city?" John Taylor says no city on earth would allow such a thing, that it is a threat to the security of the city. Councilor Stiles reads Blackstone and says that a nuisance is anything that disturbs the peace of the community. Hyrum Smith suggests smashing the press and scattering the type. Councilor Warrington, a nonmember, suggests fining the paper $3,000 for every case of libel, but Joseph answers that in order to take a man to court for libel, he would have to go to Carthage. The last time Joseph went to Carthage, he was almost killed. Therefore, the Saints have no legal recourse. (One historian states that there were 16 instances of violence between 1832 and 1867 to presses or editors who had expressed highly controversial views contraryto the public consensus, including one murder of an antislavery editor. Therefore, destroying a press at this time was not unusual.) An ordinance concerning libelous publications is passed. The city council unanimously resolves that "the printing-office from whence issues the Nauvoo Expositor is a public nuisance and also all of said Nauvoo Expositors which may be or exist in said establishment." These ordinances are passed about 6:30 P.M. Joseph then orders City Marshal John P. Greene to carry out the order. Greene summons troops under Jonathan Dunham, acting major-general of the Nauvoo Legion. By 8 P.M. they destroy the press, scatter the type throughout the streets, and burn all the copies of the second issue.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jun 10, 1844

Willard Richards accuses William Law of seducing his daughter.

[Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology, Rev 01 Volume 01" http://bit.ly/tiddchron]

185 years ago today - Jun 10, 1834

[Hyrum Smith]
Joseph chooses Hyrum as the captain of his bodyguards in Zion's Camp.

[Jeffrey S. O'Driscoll, Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, A Brief Chronology of the Life of Hyrum Smith: 1800-1844]

45 years ago today - Jun 9, 1974

Spencer W. Kimball administers the second anointing to his heart surgeon Russell M. Nelson and his wife Dantzel in the Holy of Holies of the Salt Lake temple. Nelson becomes a member of the Twelve in 1984. There is a dramatic increase of second anointings during Kimball's presidency.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Jun 9, 1949

[J. Reuben Clark]
Asked Dr. Kimball about blood transfusions and the effect on white's of negro blood, if they would be considered to have "a drop of negro blood." Dr. Kimball said that the blood disintegrates within three weeks, and he would not have any left in that time; that even our own cells change rather rapidly, within 120 days.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

120 years ago today - Jun 9, 1899; Friday

Presidents [Lorenzo] Snow and [Joseph F.] Smith were at the Office. Sister Zina D. H. Young called, accompanied by Sisters Bathsheba W. Smith, Clara Cannon, Minnie J. Snow and Phoebe Y. Beatie. They propounded this question: Shall non-members of the Church be permitted to become members of our Relief Society? Sister Zina stated that she had answered the question in the negative, but in order to satisfy some of the sisters, she had invited the ladies present to hear what the First Presidency had to say about it. The rules of the Relief Society were then read, one of which gave any person the privilege of becoming a member of the organization. These sisters feared that if non-members of the Church should want to join the Society, they might do so, and in some Wards, where they are numerous, they might out-vote the Church members and take possession of the Society's ward property.

The Presidency took the view that membership in the Relief Society should be confined to members of the Church in good standing, and that the rules should be changed accordingly. It was understood that this would be done.

These sisters also asked the question--Is the Relief Society required to pay tithing? President Smith took the ground that it was not required to do so, as the Society's means was already Church means and subject to the authority of the First Presidency. President Snow took the same view. Apostle Brigham Young [Jr.] and Elder Angus M. Cannon were also present, and took part in this hearing.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Mon. June 9th 1884

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal]
He called on Sis. Eliza R. Snow Smith Young: ". . . and in the course of our conversation she said she heard the Prophet Joseph once remark, 'when the ten tribes were taken away, the earth was divided, so that they occupy a separate planet from this.' This was news to me."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

170 years ago today - Jun 9, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I recieved the following in the Boston Times: We have advices by Express from Salt Lake [of?] the 15th April. New and extraordinary discoveries of Gold have been made in the Mountains near the Salt Lake. The people in the valley were Anxious for A Territorial Government & were about to send Mr Bern-hisel to congress for that purpose. The saints were prospering at the salt Lake.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - 9-Jun 24, 1844

[Letter from Vilate Kimball to Heber C. Kimball]
... Nauvoo was a scene of confusion last night, some hundred of the Brethren turned out and burned the [Nauvoo Expositor] printing press, and all the ap[p]aratus pertaining to the office of the op[p]osite party; this was done by order of the City Councel [Council]. they had only published one Paper, which is concidered [considered] a public nucence [nuisance]. but I do not know whether it will be concidered [considered] so in the eyes of the Law or not. they have sworn revenge, and no doubt they will have it...

[Letter from Vilate Kimball to Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - Jun 9, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball letter to daughter Helen Mar Kimball (plural wife of Joseph Smith)]
"MY DEAR DAUGHTER—I told you of the blessings that we have received from our Father which is in heaven, so be obedient to the counsel you have given to you from your dear father and mother, who seek your welfare both for time and eternity. There is no one that feels as we do for you. Prove yourself approved of God and man, as a true, undeviating friend through evil report as well as good, through poverty as well as riches. ... You are blessed, but you know it not. You have done that which will be for your everlasting good for this world and that which is to come. I will admit there is not much pleasure in this world. ... Be true to the covenants that you have made, keep the company of those who are wise and keep close mouths. Solomon says, `A wise head keeps a close mouth.'...

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

190 years ago today - Circa 9-Jun 10, 1829

Joseph Jr., and possibly others, arrive in Manchester (NY) to negotiate and arrange for the printing of the Book of Mormon. Joseph Smith and Martin Harris visit Grandin's printing establishment. Grandin declines their first proposal. Smith then seeks a publisher in Rochester, visiting anti-Masonic editor Thurlow Weed who also declines the offer. According to Pomeroy Tucker, Smith's application to Weed occurred "immediately" after the visit to Grandin. A "few days" later, Smith again visits Weed, bringing Harris with him, but Weed again declines. Smith apparently also visited Quaker Elihu F. Marshall of Rochester, who may have given a positive response. Returning to Grandin's office, Harris tells Grandin that the book could be printed in Rochester should he refuse and then promises to mortgage his farm as collateral for the publication. Grandin agrees. Assisted by John H. Gilbert, Grandin estimates that the cost of printing 5,000 books will be about $3,000. Smith's 1839 history places these events out of historical sequence after the testimonies of the three and eight witnesses, which occurred near the end of June 1829. Gilbert said the negotiations for printing occurred in the "forepart" of June 1829.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

75 years ago today - Jun 8, 1944

[First Presidency, letter to Marion G. Romney]
Your letter of June 5 is in hand, in which you set out the case of Sister Carrie [?] Millgate Marshall, which raises the question of conferring the Priesthood upon male members of the Church who have a trace of negro blood in their veins though they themselves show apparently no signs of it.

This matter has received in the past repeated consideration at the hands of the Brethren and always with an answer to the effect that a person with any negro blood in his veins may not receive the Priesthood. The question will continue to stand thus until another ruling is made.

[First Presidency, Letter to Marion G. Romney, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Jun 8, 1904; Wednesday

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]
The following letter was received from President Thomas E. Bassett:

Rexburg, Idaho, June 8th, 1904.

President Joseph F. Smith and Counselors,

Dear Brethren: --

I have just returned from the Democratic State Convention held at Weiser, Idaho, last Monday, where I went in the hopes of doing what I could in rallying enough democratic support to kill the resolution aimed at our people, and although on the ground the day before the convention we found that a terrible strength had been developed by the [Fred T.] Dubois forces and our hopes of success vanished. I was very pleased indeed to note that among the democratic party we still had a few staunch and loyal supporters such as ex-governor [Frank] Steunenberg and his following, delegation from Pocatello and others, but such men were so sadly in the minority that all they said as bearing on the subject was

hooted down as from a lot of hungry wolves. Ex-governor Steunenberg had been thrown off his guard by a promise made him by Dubois that nothing of this nature should come up in this convention, and consequently did not concern himself about anything of the kind until Dubois's plans were all consummated.

One very regrettable feature is that every newspaper reporter in the convention was anti "Mormon"; and the reports as given breath the same nasty disposition toward us as was manifested at Weiser.

When we saw there was no hopes of defeating the resolution we tried to amend it by inserting the words, "to regulate marriages and divorces, and provide for the suppression of adultery, fornication and all kindred vices,["] but the amendment was cried down with the expression from some that it was the "Mormons" we are after.

We found an intense feeling existing in all factions of the party (with Governor Steunenberg and his friends as well as with the other factions) against such men as apostles and presidents of foreign missions coming into Southeastern Idaho, among our people and taking sides in politics, they add, "why don't they go into other countries of the state on their political tours as well as into `Mormon' counties if it is not for the fact that they can do more in these counties by reason of their ecclesiastical positions."

While I do not believe the effect is nearly as great as the anti-Mormons make it out to be, they make intense capital of it and cause extreme unpleasantness to those who would be our friends as well as those who are our bitterest enemies, and since my trip there I am ore than ever convinced that whatever steps are taken by prominent men in ecclesiastical positions in an ecclesiastical way should be extremely well guarded.

Dubois's plans are to get both national parties to endorse the resolutions in their national conventions, get the states at home to endorse the national platforms and disfranchise the "Mormon" people in Idaho before the election two years hence when he hopes to work his way back into the U.S. Senate, at least this is the view taken by leading politicians in Idaho. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Jun 8, 1889

Apostle Lorenzo Snow says that "his sister, the late Eliza R. Snow Smith, was a firm believer in the principle of reincarnation and that she claimed to have received it from Joseph the Prophet, her husband. He said he saw nothing unreasonable in it, and could believe it, if it came to him from the Lord or His oracle."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

155 years ago today - Jun 08, 1864

Mary Jane "May" Anderson, later the second general president of the Primary, is born in Liverpool, England.

175 years ago today - Jun 8, 1844

From 10 A.M. to 1 P.M. and from 3 P.M. to 6:30 P.M., Joseph discusses with the city council what to do about the Nauvoo Expositor. They first discuss the men behind the Expositor, stating that they were immoral, were diseased, had sued Joseph when he was in prison, and had hired a man to kill Joseph. In the afternoon Joseph suggests that the council pass an ordinance against libelous publications. He rails against R. D. Foster again, remembering his several immoralities and his threats against Joseph's life. Joseph says such papers "are calculated to destroy the peace of the city, and it is not safe that such things should exist, on account of the mob spirit which they tend to produce." After discussing the conspiracy of these men, the council adjourns until Monday morning.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Jun 8, 1834

Joseph Smith appoints his brother Hyrum as captain of twenty "life guards" for the prophet. George A. Smith is appointed Joseph's "armor bearer."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

185 years ago today - Jun 8, 1834 (Sunday)

Zion's Camp was strengthened by a company of volunteers led by Hyrum Smith and Lyman Wight. It then numbered two hundred and five men and twenty-five baggage wagons.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

65 years ago today - Jun 7, 1954

First Presidency letter allows young men and women to be sealed to their parents "at any time prior to their reaching the age of 21. This supersedes the earlier rulings on the question which made a difference between the young men and the young women in respect to the age limits governing them in this matter."

175 years ago today - Jun 7, 1844

African AMerican George J. Adams ordained by Joseph and Hyrum Smith "to be an apostle and special witness...to the empire of Russia.

[LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

175 years ago today - Jun 7, 1844

William Law, Joseph Smith's second counselor, publishes the first and only edition of THE NAUVOO EXPOSITOR (intended to be a weekly paper), which exposes the practice of polygamy in Nauvoo The newspaper asserted that Smith had "introduced false and damnable doctrines into the church" such as "the plurality of wives," which "are taught secretly, and denied openly" and amount to "abominations and whoredoms." It also references the teaching by Joseph Smith that there is more than one God, and Joseph Smith's 1844 ordination as king on earth. Law writes in his journal this day that the EXPOSITOR is "rich with facts, such expositions, as make the guilty tremble and rage.- 1000 sheets were struck and five hundred mailed forthwith." Although Law and his associates see Joseph as a corrupt and fallen prophet the EXPOSITOR maintains that the editors "know of a surety, that the religion of the Latter Day Saints as originally taught by Joseph Smith, which is contained in the Old and New Testament, Book of Covenants, and Book of Mormon, is true; and that the pure principles set forth in those books, are the immutable and eternal principles of Heaven, and speaks a language which, when spoken in truth and virtue, sinks deep into the heart of every honest man." In London Wilford Woodruff learns of a plot by anti-Mormons to copyright the Doctrine & Covenants for themselves and thereby deprive Mormons of the ability to print their own scriptures in England. Woodruff hastily obtains copyright in his own name on the same day.

40 years ago today - Jun 6, 1979

It is announced that Joseph Smith's Vision of the Celestial Kingdom and Joseph F. Smith's Vision of the Redemption of the Dead, previously part of the Pearl of Great Price, will become part of the Doctrine and Covenants, sections 137 and 138, in future editions.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

75 years ago today - Jun 6, 1944

[First Presidency Statement on the invasion of Normandy]
We have been asked for a comment upon the invasion.

We feel this is a day, not for comment, but for prayer for our loved ones who are in the service and for the triumph of righteousness. HEBER J. GRANT, J. REUBEN CLARK, JR., DAVID O. MCKAY, First Presidency.

[1944-June 6-Improvement Era 47:440, July, 1944 as quoted in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

115 years ago today - Jun 6, 1904

This in answer to yours of the 28th ult., seeking instructions in regard to the procedure to be taken by the prayer circle of which you are a member:, in view of its present depleted condition in consequence of the late stake division. All prayer circles, excepting what are known as stake prayer circles, are under the direction of the First Presidency, and if, on account of the recent division of the Salt Lake Stake members of your circle have withdrawn from it or desire to withdraw from it, for the purpose of joining the circles of their respective stakes, it is their privilege so to do; and it is also the privilege of the other circles to fill the vacancies thus created in them by inviting good men to join them; but it will be in order for the press of these circles to first submit to us for our approval the names of all contemplated new members before speaking to them about the matter.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

145 years ago today - Jun 06, 1874

Little Soldier and his tribe of Native Americans from the Ogden area are baptized; this is one of the earliest tribes to join the Church.

160 years ago today - Jun 6, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
Brother G[eorge].A. S[mith] proposed to write our History & keep our Journals in the deseret Alphabet. The Clerks Commenced writing it.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jun 6, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball diary]
... Last nite I clothed my self and offered up the Sines [signs] of the Holy Preasthood and called one the name of the Lord. He hurd me fore my heart was /mad[e]/ comfortable. I inquired by the rod. It was said my family was well, that my wife would come to me in the East, and that Congress would not do anny thing fore us. I do not care wheather they do or not. It is none of thares to give. My Father in heaven owns it all and he will give it to, so let them go to thare own place. ...

[Quinn notes: 'Kimball clothes himself in endowment robes, prays in the "true order," while holding a divining "rod," and asks yes-no questions. Movement of the rod means "yes" and no movement "no." This is the first verified use of a divining rod in Mormonism since an 1829 revelation commended Cowdery's use of his "rod of nature...behold it has told you things."']

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball; Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Jun 6, 1839

First British converts arrive in Nauvoo. Cheap land is a prominent factor.

[Chronology of Mormon History, http://followtheprophets.com/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

25 years ago today - Jun 5, 1994

Quorum of Twelve sustains Howard W. Hunter as church president with Gordon B. Hinckley and Thomas S. Monson as counselors, and ordains President Hunter. He is first LDS church president since founder Joseph Smith who has not served full-time mission before becoming general authority, and first with professional degree (from Southwest University Law School in Los Angeles). Hunter is also first LDS president in twentieth century whose wife is previously divorced.

125 years ago today - Jun 5, 1894

[Francis M. Lyman]
At 8:30 P.M. a Republican meeting was held in the Social Hall. Ex Gov[ernor] Arthur L. Thomas spent an hour and 55 minutes very interestingly upon the virtues of Republicanism and the absurdities of Democracy. The hall was crowded with attentive listeners. His effort was quite a success.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Jun 5, 1889

[Heber J. Grant]
This evening at the residence opposite my mother's I married Willard Brigham Richards to Louie Snelgrove. This is the first marriage I have ever performed as a minister acting under the law that was passed at the last meeting of the Legislature Dr. Richards (Jos S.) wished to pay me for the marriage but I declined to accept anything. I would willingly marry any of my friends at any time, but at the same time I always regret to see the marriage, of any one that has been raised in the church, outside of the Temples or the Endowment House.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - Jun 5, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
- Poetry: "Riots in Congress" -- E.R. Snow -- Describes the disdain of the people when the United States Congress is not maintaining order.

- Story: "General Smith's views of the Powers and Policy of the United States" -- Editorial -- Presents Joseph's views that the Government should buy the freedom of every black slave, in order to secure emancipation.

...

- Announcement: Pay the Postage -- Hyrum Smith -- Hyrum states that he will no longer open mail for which he has to pay the postage, because he cannot afford the cost, and the letters are usually full of "Foolish interrogations."

- Letter to the Editor: J.C. Bennett's Rumors are False -- Signed, "Hospes" -- Describes a pleasant visit to Nauvoo, and refutes some of the Rumors that were supposedly spread by John C. Bennett.

- Story: "More Mormon Exterminators" -- Editorial -- States that Boggs may not be "the only Nero in the land of Liberty." ...

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

190 years ago today - Circa 5-Jun 8, 1829

David, John, and Peter Whitmer received revelations (D&C 14, 15, and 16) through Joseph Smith . This would have occurred after arrival and before application was made for the Book of Mormon copyright , but probably within a few days.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

25 years ago today - Jun 4, 1994-Saturday

[Leonard Arrington]
... Historical-critical understanding of the Bible. You have probably heard the least about this because, though popular among Bible students and scholars, it has not reached a wider audience. i... I regret that there is little of it in Mormon literature. The word critical, by the way, does not mean negative but, rather, free of presuppositions or, as in my case, self-conscious about one's presuppositions. It means understanding the Bible as a collection of writings by many authors over more than a thousand years; they contain different points of view, sometimes contradictory understandings and formulations of the nature of God and our relationship with Him and other human beings. The Bible may be the word of God but, as we have it, it is the words of Amos and Isaiah, Luke and Paul; and so on.

Nor is the usual credit to various ancient figures historically accurate. Moses did not write the first five books of the Bible, David did not write most of the Psalms, Solomon did not write the Song of Solomon, Paul did not write the letters to Timothy or Titus, and scholars doubt that Peter had anything to do with the books of Peter. Although the vast majority acknowledge the Bible, much of it is simply ignored. Most put aside Joshua, with its horrifying narratives of extermination, and Judges with its accounts of patriarchy and sexual assault, and Song of Solomon, which doesn't mention God and its erotic references and Ecclesiastes with its apparent hedonism. For many, the Bible is little more than an anthology of quotations to be drawn upon as argument or occasion requires. It is a series of proof texts. From the point of view of the historically-critical method the Bible can be viewed as a historically conditioned anthology-not a complete and infallible guide to the details of human conduct. A series of signposts pointing the way to a goal that its writers, like us, had not yet reached but were moving toward. Their experience of the divine may have been superior to ours, but they were nevertheless human experiences.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

55 years ago today - Jun 4, 1964

David O. McKay: "It would be well for faculty members to hold no discussions whatsoever on the John Birch Society, and to drop the matter entirely."

[David O. McKay to Earl C. Crockett as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

75 years ago today - Jun 04, 1944

Elder Joseph Fielding Smith begins a new radio program, The Restoration of All Things, on Sunday evenings. Later, the talks are published in a book under the same title.

130 years ago today - Apr 6, 1889

The first annual general Relief Society conference was held in Salt Lake City.

[Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

140 years ago today - Jun 4, 1879

John Taylor and apostles decline to allow Elijah Abel to receive the temple endowment because he is Negroid, even though Abel received the Melchizedek priesthood with Joseph Smith's authorization. This African-American regularly attends his Seventy's quorum meetings and serves a proselytizing mission just before his death.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

140 years ago today - Jun 4, 1879

Minutes of the Council of the Twelve and of the First Presidency: President [John] Taylor drew attention to the subject of negroes receiving the priesthood, which matter was canvassed at the last meeting of the Council and by his directions the following statements were read:

. . .

A blessing under the hands of Joseph Smith, Sen., upon Elijah Abel, who was born in Frederick County, Maryland, July 25, 1808.

Brother Abel, in the name of Jesus, I lay my hands upon they [thy] head to bless thee, and thou shalt be blessed even forever. I seal upon thee a father's blessing, because thou art an orphan, for thy father hath never done his duty toward thee, but the Lord hath had his eye upon thee, and brought thee through straits, and thou hast come to be reckoned with the saints of the Most High. Thou hast been ordained an Elder and annointed to secure thee against the power of the destroyer. Thou shalt see His power in laying waste the nations, and the wicked slaying the wicked, while blood shall run down the streets like water, and thy heart shall weep over their calamities. Angels shall visit thee, and thou shalt receive comfort. They shall call thee blessed, and deliver thee from thine enemies. They shall break thy bands and keep thee from affliction. They [Thy] name is written in the Lamb's Book of Life. Thou shalt travel in the East, and visit foreign countries, speak in

all the various tongues, and thou shalt be able to teach different languages. Thou shall see all kingdoms, and confound the wisdom of this generation. Thy life shall be preserved to a good old age. Thou must seek first the kingdom of heaven and all blessings shall be added thereto. Thou shalt be made equal to thy brethren, and thy soul be white in eternity and thy robes glittering: thou shalt receive these blessings because of the covenants of thy fathers. Thou shalt save thy thousands, do much good, and receive all the power that thou needest to accomplish thy mission. These and all the blessings which thou canst desire in righteousness, I seal upon thee, in the name of Jesus. Amen. W.A. Cowdery, Assistant Recorder. (From page 88, Joseph Smith's Patriarchal Blessing Record)

Brother Joseph F. Smith said he thought Brother [Zebedee] Coltrin's memory was incorrect as to Brother Abel being dropped from the quorum of Seventies, to which he belonged, as Brother Abel has in his possession, (which also he had shown Brother J.F.S. [Joseph F. Smith]) his certificate as a Seventy, given to him in 1841, and signed by Elder Joseph Young, Sen., and A.P. Rockwood, and still later one given in this city. Brother Abel's account of the persons who washed and annointed him in the Kirtland Temple also disagreed with the statement of Brother Coltrin, whilst he stated that Brother Coltrin ordained him a Seventy. Brother Abel also states that the Prophet Joseph [Smith] told him he was entitled to the priesthood, (Brother Abel is understood to be an octeroon [octoroon]).

President [John] Taylor said it seemed that in his case it was probably like many other things done in the early days of the Church, such as baptism for the dead; at first, persons were baptized without records being taken and as the Lord gave further light and revelation things were done with greater order; but what had been done through lack of knowledge, that was not altogether correct in detail, was allowed to remain. He thought that probably it was so in Brother Abel's case; that he, having been ordained before the word of the Lord was fully understood, it was allowed to remain.

The matter [was] then dropped, with the understanding that Brother Joseph Young, Sen. be spoken to on the subject.

[Adam S. Bennion Papers, typed copy, in possession of LDS church; Marquardt, H. Michael, Mormon Central: Excerpts From Minutes of the Council of the Twelve and of the First Presidency, 1879-1947 http://www.xmission.com/~research/central/chorg2.htm]

155 years ago today - Jun 4, 1864

[Wilford Woodruff Journal]
... At the Close of the sealings all the above Named persons repaired to the Font & we there dedicated the Baptismal Font unto god for Baptisms for the remission of sins for the Healing of the sick & for Baptism for the dead. President Brigham Young was mouth & he named in his Prayer every thing from the foundation to the Top, and He said that He felt that the Lord Accepted the Dedication.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Jun 4, 1859

U.S. army officer writes: "Saw two kills today from the scene of the Mountain Meadows Massacre [-] One of them was shot through[,] the ball entering the back part of the head and coming out near the right temple. The other had two gashes on the top as if from a sharp knife. They were of young persons."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - Jun 4, 1834

Joseph Smith, traveling through Illinois, writes to Emma that he and others had been "wandering over the plains of the Nephites, recounting occasionally the history of the Book of Mormon, roving over the mounds of that once beloved people of the Lord, picking up their skulls & their bones, as proof of its divine authenticity."

185 years ago today - Jun 4, 1834

(Zion's Camp) The group encamps on the banks of the Mississippi River and begins to cross it, which takes two days. During this time, Sylvester Smith complains bitterly about Joseph and his bulldog, finally stating, "If that dog bites me, I'll kill him." Joseph answers, "If you kill that dog, I'll whip you." Some brethren report that Sylvester and Joseph were about to start fighting until the brethren broke them up, and Brigham Young later reports that Joseph finally turned to the men and asked them if they were not ashamed of such an evil spirit, and said, "I am."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

50 years ago today - Jun 3, 1969

The New York Times report that the LDS church has preferred charges against LaMar E. Kay for embezzling $604,199.65 while an employee of the church's Auditing Department. This legal and publicized action is a departure from the previous church policy not to disclose embezzlements. Kay receives a twenty-year sentence.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

100 years ago today - Jun 3, 1919

[Thomas A. Clawson Diary]
"Bro Theodore Tobiason testified that in a Fast Meeting in the Temple a few weeks ago the Lord manifested to him that Prest Heber J. Grant was the one whom he had chosen as His prophet for while he Prest Grant was speaking he appeared to disolve (Sic) from view and Prest Jos. F. Smith stood in his place showing that the mantle of the prophet had fallen upon Heber."

[Diary Excerpts of Thomas A. Clawson, Signature Books Library, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jun 3, 1849

Brigham Young calls several men to the Pacific islands, he tells them that "when the First Presidency ordered a thing, they need not ask any questions but just do as they were told."

185 years ago today - Jun 3, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary]
"On Tuesday, the 3d, several of us went with Joseph Smith, Jun., to the top of a mound on the bank of the Illinois River ... On the top of the mound there was the appearance of three altars, which had been built of stone, one above another, according to the ancient order; and the ground was strewn over with human bones. This caused in us very peculiar feelings, to see the bones of our fellow-creatures scattered in this manner, who had been slain in ages past. We felt prompted to dig down into the mound, and sending for a shovel and hoe, we proceeded to move away the earth. At about one foot in depth we discovered the skeleton of a man, almost entire; and between two of his ribs we found an Indian arrow, which had evidently been the cause of his death. ... It was made known to Joseph that he had been an officer who fell in battle in the last destruction among the Lamanites, and his name was Zelph. This caused us to rejoice much to think that God was so mindful of us to show these things to his servant. Brother Joseph has inquired of the Lord and it was made known in a vision. ...

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

190 years ago today - 1829 early June

[Hyrum Smith]
Is baptized by Joseph in Seneca Lake, New York.

[Jeffrey S. O'Driscoll, Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, A Brief Chronology of the Life of Hyrum Smith: 1800-1844]

40 years ago today - Jun 2, 1979

The Church News article "Computers Aid Church" refers to the use of computers by the Missionary Department. Due to the massive increase of missionaries, computers have assigned Mormons to their full-time missions since the church-wide computerization in 1970. The First Presidency has neither oversight nor review of the mission calls. A special committee (LDS bureaucrats and one or two general authorities) reviews computer print-outs of proposed missionary calls and occasionally changes some mission assignments. A signature machine signs the church president's name to the letter informing LDS missionaries of their assignments. The Management Systems Corporation is dissolved in 1979, and its functions are absorbed by the Information Systems Department.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Jun 2, 1894

CARD to the Elders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

DEAR BRETHREN: Certain parties who appear to be anxious for notoriety, and who desire to take advantage of the prominence and achieve the dignity which discussion with the Elders of this Church would give them, have sent to representative Elders of the Church challenges to hold discussion upon the doctrines and the validity of the authority of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. People of this kind in California and elsewhere have of late been very persistent in demanding an acceptance of their challenge-the question, for debate as they put it, being:

First-Was Brigham Young the lawful and legitimate successor of Joseph Smith (the Seer), to the prophetic office and presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints?

Second-And is Utah the appointed place for the gathering of the Saints in the last days as spoken by the Prophets of God, including Joseph Smith, the Seer?

... We leave this for the Lord to prove and sustain, and we think it folly to submit the claims of our Church or the Priesthood to the arbitrament of man. ...

Your Brethren, WILFORD WOODRUFF, GEORGE Q. CANNON, JOSEPH F. SMITH, First Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

[1894-June 2-Deseret News Weekly 48:747 (June 2, 1894); also Nordstjarnan 18:200-201 (July 1, 1894) as quoted in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

145 years ago today - Jun 2, 1874 (Tuesday)

One hundred Goshute Indians were baptized by the Indian interpreter Wm. Lee in Deep Creek, Tooele Co., Utah. Hundreds of Indians were subsequently baptized at other places, and there was a general religious movement among the Lamanites.

[This was perhaps the largest group baptism of American Indians]

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Jun 02, 1864

Heber J. Grant is baptized in City Creek in Salt Lake City, the second of four future Presidents of the Church to be baptized in the same location. (He is seven years and six months old.)

180 years ago today - Jun 2, 1839

[Wilford Woodruff Journal]
The spirit of the mob or of a lawless bandity was manifest this morning. One was walking in front of our houses with his drawn sword while others were riding on horsback with flags strung upon poles crying out the mormons are despised, &c & also threatning the lives of others.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jun 2, 1834

[George A. Smith journal]
Monday, 2 June 1834: Some of us visited a mound on a bluff about 300 feet high and dug up some bones, which excited deep interest among the brethren. The President and many others visited the mound on the following morning.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, Zion's Camp Chronology (1834), http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/c/1834_zc.phtml]

195 years ago today - Jun 2, 1824

Josiah Priest, copyrights THE WONDERS OF NATURE AND PROVIDENCE. It is printed soon afterwards in Rochester, New York, only some twenty miles distant from Palmyra, near Joseph Smith's residence. In the book Mr. Priest argues at length that the Indians may be descendants of the Israelites.

50 years ago today - Jun 1, 1969

Cigarette ads are henceforth banned on broadcasts of the LDS church's radio and television stations in Utah, Washington state, MIssouri, California, and New York.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Jun 1, 1949

KSL Television, a CBS affiliate, goes on the air as the first commercial TV stationin Utah.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

100 years ago today - Jun 1, 1919

General conference is held after being postponed for two months because of the influenza pandemic that swept the world in 1918 and 1919.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

170 years ago today - Jun 1, 1849

Orson Hyde writes Brigham Young, "Brother Hickman... is sometimes a little rash and may shoot an innocent Indian, mistaking him for an Omaha horse thief."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Jun 1, 1849

Orson Hyde writes Brigham Young, "Brother Hickman . . . is sometimes a little rash and may shoot an innocent Indian, mistaking him for an Omaha horse thief."

175 years ago today - Jun 1, 1844

"Drank a glass of beer at Moissers," reads an entry in Joseph Smith's manuscript diary in reference to Frederick G. Moesser's "grog shop," which Joseph had condemned in a sermon on Aug 12, 1843. When the manuscript history is published as HISTORY OF THE CHURCH this sentence is omitted without indication.

175 years ago today - Jun 1, 1844

"Drank a glass of beer at Moissers," reads an entry in Joseph Smith's manuscript diary in reference to Frederick G. Moesser's "grog shop," which Joseph had condemned in a sermon on Aug 12, 1843. When the manuscript history is published as HISTORY OF THE CHURCH this sentence is omitted without indication.

185 years ago today - Jun 1, 1834

As Zion's Camp passed "incognito" through Jacksonville, Illinois, Joseph Smith (going by Squire Cook) recalled "We had preaching," and many of the inhabitants of the town came to hear them that Sunday. The townspeople were told the preachers consisted of a Baptist, Cambellite, Reformed Methodist and a Restorationer.

George A. Smith recalled:

SUNDAY, June 1. At half-past 10 this morning our trumpet, a common brass, French Horn, sounded in the Camp for preaching. There were some two or three hundred of the people from Jacksonville [Illinois] and the surrounding country gathered under the trees within our camp, and a chest was brought out for the accommodation of the speakers, when Squire Cook (Joseph Smith) took the stand professing to be a liberal free-thinker. . . .

The free-thinker was followed by Elder John S. Carter, who delivered a very eloquent discourse on "Practical Piety." Elder Joseph Young spoke on the principle of free salvation, followed by [his brother] Elder Brigham Young, who set forth baptism as necessary for salvation. Elder Lyman E. Johnson also spoke.

After a few minutes recess, at 2 o'clock p.m., the trumpet again sounded, and a large congregation from Jacksonville and the surrounding country again assembled in the grove, many of whom expressed a desire to hear "That Methodist man" again. So President Smith called Brother Joseph Young into his tent and requested him to preach an animated sermon on free grace, and told him he should have the Spirit.

He then sent for Elder Amasa Lyman and said to him, "I understand, Mr. Lyman[,] you are a Restorationer.

"Yes," said he, "I believe in that doctrine."

"Well," said Joseph, "I wish you would make a few remarks to the people on that subject after Mr. Young has done."

Elder Orson Pratt was also sent for and went into the Prophet's tent, who said to him, "Brother Orson, when these brethren get through speaking to the people, I want you to make a few remarks, reasoning on the importance of a union of all the different sects and denominations."

These brethren did as they were requested. . . .

After the services of the day were closed many strangers made remarks on the preaching they had heard. They thought Joseph Young was a Methodist, and were anxious he should stay in that country and preach. . . .

[Times and Seasons 6:20 (January 1, 1846), p. 1076; George A. Smith, "My Journal" in The Instructor 81 (1946), pp. 182-83, "abridged from holograph in LDS Church Archives. Grammar has been standardized."; Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

190 years ago today - June 1-14, 1829

Doctrine and Covenants 18. Oliver and David have the same calling as the apostle Paul. Twelve disciples. Show them this revelation.

Part of the revelation is based on Oliver's June 14, 1829 letter to Hyrum copied into Letterbook-1, 5-6, and part on his Articles of the Church of Christ.

[Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

190 years ago today - June 1-14, 1829

Doctrine and Covenants 15. John Whitmer called to the ministry.

D&C 16. Peter Whitmer called the work.

D&C 15 and 16 are identical except the names.

[Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

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Times and Seasons 6:20 (January 1, 1846), p. 1076; George A. Smith, "My Journal" in The Instructor 81 (1946), pp. 182-83, "abridged from holograph in LDS Church Archives. Grammar has been standardized."; Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]