50 years ago today - Sep 16, 1971

President [Joseph Fielding] Smith faints during a First Presidency meeting, and goes to a temple council meeting "over the protests of the Brethren." During a Thursday meeting on 21 Oct. he becomes ill and has "to be helped from the council room."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

95 years ago today - Sep 16, 1926

[Heber J. Grant]

At 9:00 A.M. Brother C. N. Jenson, State Superintendent of Schools, called and referred to the efforts that are being made by Dr. Beattie and others to place Gentile nurses in our schools all over the state and thought something should be done to head this off, as eighty to ninety percent of the rural population is Mormons and it is all wrong that the public health department should be trying to get non-Mormon nurses into our school system. The question of whether the officials of the Church should take any interest in the matter was worthy of consideration, but we came to no decision as to what would be wise in the premises.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

110 years ago today - Sep 16, 1911

A public report concerning a man who attempt to extort $100,000 from the church president to prevent the publication of covertly obtained interior photographs of the Salt Lake temple. Two days later the First Presidency commissions James E. Talmage to write 'The House of the Lord.' Published a year later its photographs omit the tobacco spittoons from the Council Room of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve, but include the Holy of Holies (photograph deleted from later editions). The ordinance of second anointing is performed for couples in the Holy of Holies.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

120 years ago today - Sep 16, 1901

President Angus M. Cannon called at the office to see President Snow in relation to holding memorial services for President William McKinley who was assassinated. The services to be held in the Tabernacle on Thursday, agreeable with Governor [Heber M.] Wells' proclamation. It was decided to hold such services, also to ask the various stake presidents to do likewise. An announcement to this effect was placed in the Deseret News.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - Sep 16, 1846 (Wednesday)

The enemy was driven back from Nauvoo the fourth time. Through the negotiations of one hundred citizens of Quincy, a treaty was completed, by which the Saints should be allowed to move away in peace.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

190 years ago today - Sep 16, 1831

The Mormonites.--A Preacher of this sect visited us last Saturday. ... --A young man about 23 years of age, somewhere in Ontario county, N.Y. was visited by an angel! (here the preacher looked around him apparently to see if the credulity of the people in this enlightened age, could be thus imposed on) who informed him three times in one night by visiting a certain place in that town he would have revealed to him something of importance. The young man was disturbed, but did not obey the summons until the following day, when the angel again visited him. At the place appointed he found in the earth a box which contained a set of thin plates resembling gold, with Arabic characters inscribed on them. The plates were minutely described as being connected with rings in the shape of the letter D, which facilitated the opening and shutting of the book. The preacher said he found in the same place two stones with which he was enabled by placing them over his eyes and putting his head in a dark corner to decypher the hieroglyphics on the plates!--This we were told was performed to admiration, and now, as the result, we have a book which the speaker informed us was the Mormon Bible--a book second to no other--without the holy Bible, he seemed to think, would be of little use. . . .

[Illinois Patriot (Jacksonville), 16 September 1831, as reprinted in New Hampshire Miscellany, 11 October 1831. Also reprinted in New Hampshire Gazette, 25 October 1831 (Quinn 1987, 146), and Independent Volunteer (Montrose, Pennsylvania), 11 November 1831., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Illinois Patriot]

20 years ago today - Sep 15, 2001

The Mormon Tabernacle Choir performs in a nationally broadcast church service on the National Day of Prayer and Remembrance for September 11 victims.

[Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Newsroom, http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=036eb2987ff92110VgnVCM100000176f620aRCRDvgnextchannel=9ae411154963d010VgnVCM1000004e94610aRCRD]

55 years ago today - Sep 15, 1966

BYU Political Science professor Ray Hillam is charged, by BYU president Ernest L. Wilkinson, with being pro-communist and disloyal to BYU at a formal hearing. These charges come from information gathered by the student spies and by others. Prior to a second hearing, Hillam and his colleague, Louis Midgley, contact one of the student spies, Ronald Hankin, who is willing to expose the "administration-organized spy ring." Hankin's public exposure leads to a major scandal at the University.

100 years ago today - Sep 15, 1921

[George F. Richards]

Attended regular weekly council meeting in temple. At this meeting J Leo Fairbanks, the artist showed to the Presidency, the Twelve & Patriarch present, sketches of new designs of painting for the newly plastered walls of the World room of the Salt Lake Temple but the brethren decided to vote to have the former painting of walls reproduced as nearly as possible from photographs and sketches taken before the plaster was removed.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

190 years ago today - Sep 15, 1831

[Hyrum Smith]

Administers to William McLellin, who is instantly healed.

[Jeffrey S. O'Driscoll, Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, A Brief Chronology of the Life of Hyrum Smith: 1800-1844]

30 years ago today - Sep 14, 1991.

The Salt Lake Tribune reports that David Knowlton, a social anthropologist at BYU, was called in by his stake president "less than a week" after his presentation in Sunstone in Salt Lake City about why leftist terrorists in Latin America target the church. He protests the "intimidation" in writing to his academic officers with copies to President Ezra Taft Benson. Rex Lee, president of BYU, comments, "This is just not a BYU matter."

Ca. 22 September 1991. The long-awaited Encyclopedia of Mormonism appears. Such periodicals as Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, Sunstone, and Exponent II, though separately indexed, are discussed only in an article entitled "Societies and Organizations" (3:1387-90).

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

50 years ago today - Sep 14, 1971

The Apollo 15 astronauts present to President Joseph Fielding Smith a Utah state flag that has traveled with them to the moon. [Smith had earlier declared that man could not leave the sphere of the earth and travel to the moon.]

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

95 years ago today - Sep 14, 1926

[Heber J. Grant]

George F. Richards, Nicholas G. Smith and Wyley Sessions called, and President Nibley and I discussed with them at length the Sampson and Daniels case. These people have colored blood in their veins and yet are very anxious and insist upon being permitted to do temple work. We assured the brethren that we could not change the rule that had always been maintained from the days of the Prophet Joseph until the present time, that temple ordinances could not be performed for people who had any Negro blood in their veins.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Sep 14, 1891

Talmage meets with the First Presidency and is appointed to write a work on theology, which apparently culminated years later as The Articles of Faith . In his journal Talmage writes the following:

It is the intention of the brethren to cause to be published a class work in Theology for use in the Church schools and religion classes generally. The need for such a work has long been felt among the teachers of the Latter-day Saints [...]

Several preliminaries have to be arranged before the work is begun; but the First Presidency have expressed to me their intention of appointing me to do the labor. I find myself very busy already, but I have never yet found it necessary to decline any labor appointed to me by the Holy Priesthood; and in the performance of duties so entailed, as my day, so has my strength ever been.

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

135 years ago today - Sep 14, 1886

By the appointment of the First Presidency, Charles O. Card begins a mission to the Northwest Territories (now Albert Province), Canada, to find refuge for poliygamous Mormons to escape arrest. This is the origin of the Mormon settlements centering in Cardston, Alberta, Canada, where settlers arrive on 1 June 1887.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

145 years ago today - Sep 14, 1876

The second trial of John Lee opens in Beaver, Utah [regarding Mountain Meadows Massacre]. Numerous Mormons testify against Lee, but the testimony does not implicate other Mormons. Lee asks that no witnesses testify in his behalf.

[Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1836

Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Hyrum Smith, and Oliver Cowdery begin to purchase large amounts of property in Geauga County, Ohio, to sell to immigrants settling in the area.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

190 years ago today - Sep 14, 1831

[The Freedom Censor, Fredonia NY]

"He has all necessary implements for finding and securing the fleeting treasure; the mineral rod, hazel sticks, crow-bars and bibles." ... "He has no doubt of it, provided he can vanquish the spirits that continually guard it, and break the charm that constantly surrounds it."

["Money Digging," The Freedom Censor, (Fredonia, NY), 14 September 1831, as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

75 years ago today - Sep 13, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]

Mark Petersen called about the Dream Mine. Their reporter had been at the meeting last night, which was an indignation meeting and Koyle [who had a series of dreams and revelations regarding buried Nephite gold] gave what appointed to a speech in criticism of the General Authorities. Some of the people mentioned the editorials and said they did not want to have trouble between themselves and the Church and Koyle gave them to understand if there was any choice to be made they were to choose him. Bro. Petersen wondered if they should not act, and Pres. Clark cautioned him not to be in too much of a hurry. ... They again announced that Bro. Talmage had come back from the dead and appeared to Koyle and apologized to him for what he had done, and also a Pres. Page of the Stake, who had bought stock and then repudiated it. ...

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

110 years ago today - Wednesday, Sep 13, 1911

[John Henry Smith]

Mr. Stewart of the law Firm of Stewart & Co. called with a letter from the same fellow who had written us in regard to [unauthorized] Pictures of the Interior of the Temple.

We also received six copies of various rooms in that building. The men who took the Pictures were Gottleib Unthick and Bozzard, Germans by birth. It is said they Claim to have been working at this for five years taking Flash light Pictures and copying records.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

120 years ago today - Sep 13, 1901; Friday

A delegation of business men ... accompanied by Bishop William B. Preston, called and recommended to President [Lorenzo] Snow that they be authorized to [execute certain business activities.] After some talk President Snow consented that this be done. These brethren are interested in drawing as much business as possible to the north end of Main Street as against the efforts made by the Gentiles to pull to the South.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Sep 13, 1886

[Wilford Woodruff]

I was taken with a vary strange turn. I turned almost Blind & speechless & lost my Memory. It Came on & went off gradually. It lasted about 30 Minutes. I dont know whether it was paralises or not. I soon recovered.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Sep 13, 1856

Under the direction of President Brigham Young, President Jedediah M. Grant of the First Presidency institutes the "Mormon Reformation" at a conference in Kaysville. The purpose of the reformation was to remind the Saints of their blessings and to call them to repentance for being lax in keeping the commandments.

165 years ago today - Sep 13, 1856

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

Br Kimball said he wanted to know a certain thing so he inquired by the <President Young and> HCK. <Both had that gift.> [Angeled brackets are in shorthand, used to disguise sensitive information. The gift may be divining rods.]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Saturday, Sep 13, 1851

David Fullmer of the Com[mittee] [Council of Fifty] to visit Gen[era]l [Uriah] Brown said he saw B[rown]. Told him our wish that he should remain-his family should be brought on-his services [to create a "liquid fire" weapon] were wanted here-and we would do by him as we do by each other...

[Selected Minutes of the Council of Fifty, Quinn Papers, Beinecke Library, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Sep 13, 1846

[Brigham Young:] But the time has come when we must have law and order in our midst. There has been some feelings of late in the camp because some unruly boys [enagaging in "night ramblings" with two of Wilford Woodruff's new teenage wives] have been floged by the Marshall for there wickedness. But if this Camp is not willing to let law & order reign here & put a stop to such wickedness I wish you to let me know it & I will go away from you. For those that wish to sustain crime & corruption let them return & strike hands with the mob & carry out there principles & be dammed. But if you want to do right say so. This people have been driven here for there desires to do righteousness. And this wickedness shall be put a stop to that has been manifest in the camp by certain young people of late. Yes it will be stoped if God come out & smites it by Judgment.

The Marshall did not whip them hard enough. If He had they would not have spit out there revenge but it would have been whiped out of them. If I am drove to the necessity of whipping a person in such A case they will not spit out revenge afterwards for I will whip it out of them.

Shall we any longer sustain in our midst men that will carry out the principles [spiritual wifery] of John C Bennet and other corrupt scoundrils? No I will sware by the Eternal God of Heaven such Conduct shall be stoped & shall not be permitted in this camp. For if they continue it I will tell the Marshall what the law is & they shall be taken Care of in a manner that they will not whine. And I will whip any man that will sustain it. For those that will sustain it shall be whiped. And I prophecy in the name of God such a man whether old or young shall be bowed down with sorrow & morning even more than this people have.

Then stop before you further go & not sport upon the brink of sorrow & morning. This people have the Law of Liberty & the gospel & the more the light & liberty & greater the privileges the stricter the Law. We are going into the wilderness & shall we suffer such things? No. I swear by the Eternal God such things shall not be while Brigham lives.

Br Kimball gave a good shot when He said no man [would] run into his waggon & swore he would shot the Marshall if he come after him except he was guilty of crime. No man is afraid except he is guilty. No man need be afraid that does right. I defy the world to say I have taken any roans right. But after we have been driven into the wilderness we are still followed by men who sware they will steal what they have in our midst. I sware they shall not have it in our midst.

Some young Elders that never preached a sermon in their lives are afraid that I shall have more blessings than they, or more wives or sumthing or other. But let them go & preach the world over as I have done in poverty and distress with Blood in my Shoes & spent years & years at it & left my wife & Children who have also suffered much. Let them do as we have done & they will not be jealous of me about blessings. If the Lord should give me a thousand women is it any mans business? No. Let such go and spend as much time as I have And there will be many clinging on to there skirts to be saved.

The majority of the men of the gentile world will be damned and the women wish to be saved by going with good men. And a woman that has the spirit of God will go with a good man who has been faithful & spent much of his time in saveing mankind and has the priesthood. Such men if they continue faithful will be saved in eternal Glory & those that are with him. I am determined that my affections shall be with God. I will not allow them to be placed on things that perish. When plagues & diseases get hold of our bodies we become loathsome & beauty fades away but our affections should be placed upon things that are Noble exhalted lasting & glorious. I love an exhalted mind for it is eternal & cannot fade. I want all my affections to be subject to God and glory & eternal life. May God bless you. Amen.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Sep 13, 1846

Orson Pratt preaches: "the sectarian world say that about six thousand years ago God made all things out of nothing. When it can be demonstrated that light is thirty thousand years in coming from the fixed stars to earth, consequently that light was in existence at least twenty-four thousand years before this earth."

55 years ago today - Sep 12, 1966

Covert surveillance by BYU-Birch student in the form of either correspondence, classroom questioning, or private meetings to extract "pro-Communist" views from their professors.

[Morrell, Bernhard, Hillam, Wimmer, Midgley, and Wirthlin, "Events Related To the Covert Surveillance of Faculty Members," 5; Richard D. Poll to Ray C. Hillam, 12 Sept. 1966, folder 10, Hillam Papers, also box 34, Buerger Papers. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

110 years ago today - Tuesday, Sep 12, 1911

[John Henry Smith]

We received a letter saying Photos had been taken of the Interior of the Temple.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Sep 12, 1846. Saturday.

[William Clayton]

President Young brought me $8 in money, one half dollar bogus ...

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Sep 12, 1846

I met in council in the evening with the 12 & H Council & we had a good time. B Young Addressed us for a time in the power of God. He spoke of the Camp being infested with some unruly young men & they had been whipped for wicked conduct ["night ramblings" with Wilford Woodruff's new teenage brides] & they had made threats and others had sustained them in it. He said evil must be put down in the camp. Our council held untill 11 oclock.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Sep 12, 1846

"Some boys have been whipped in camp, and it is right. I did not know of it till after it was done. [Brigham Young and Wilford Woodruff had ordered the punishment on Sept 8]. If we allow young men to come in here and set up their own plans, three years will not roll round before we will have cutting of throats here."

[Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

180 years ago today - Sep 12, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]

In the evening we sung a few Hymns & as soon as we closed Mr Roberts broke out in a tremendious noise which he called tongues. I reproved him before the whole company for his folly & impoliteness. His conversation had been such that the passengers would form an idea that he was in part a representative of the Latter Day Saints. I wished to change that Idea in the minds of the company for it was fals. He was not a member of the Church.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Sep 12, 1831

Joseph Jr. and family move into the John Johnson home in Hiram, Ohio (about thirty miles southeast of Kirtland), where he and Sidney Rigdon work on translating the Bible.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

195 years ago today - Sep 12, 1826

William Morgan is abducted by Masons in Batavia, New York and is never seen again. Morgan had written a book exposing the rituals of Freemasonry, ILLUSTRATIONS OF MASONRY which is published two months later. Morgan's abduction and murder spark the Anti-Masonic movement and party. Reviewers of the first edition of the Book of Mormon notice parallels between the Masons and the Book's Gadianton robbers. Exact phrases and "grips" in Morgan's book later become part of the LDS endowment ceremony and Morgan's widow, Lucinda, later becomes a plural wife of Joseph Smith.

20 years ago today - Sep 11, 2001

[Mormon Tabernacle Choir]

A regularly scheduled choir concert becomes a September 11 memorial service.

[Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Newsroom, http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=036eb2987ff92110VgnVCM100000176f620aRCRDvgnextchannel=9ae411154963d010VgnVCM1000004e94610aRCRD]

150 years ago today - Sep 11, 1871

Counselor Daniel H. Wells tells the Grantsville School of the Prophets that "a great many of our young men [are] abusing themselves by the habit of self-pollution: or self-abuse, or as the Bible terms it Onanism," which he regards as "one great cause why so many of our young men were not married, and it was a great sin, and would lead to insanity and a premature grave." Polygamy is the likelier cause for the prevalence of bachelorhood in nineteenth-century Utah. First, every national census lists more males than females in the Mormon population. Second, 20-40 percent of Mormon men marry polygamously which demographically requires bachelorhood in Utah's majority population of males.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

165 years ago today - Sep 11, 1856 (Thursday)

Apostle Parley P. Pratt, accompanied by other Elders, left G.S.L. City on a mission to the States, from which he never returned.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Sep 11, 1846

President Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles formally select the site for Winter Quarters (later Florence, Nebraska), the main winter encampment of the Saints. This is the first city in Nebraska.

185 years ago today - Sep 11, 1836

Predicted date of the redemption of Zion. Five years earlier (see previous entry) a revelation specified that for five years the Lord would "not overthrow the wicked." The first attempt to reclaim Jackson County (Zion) occurred when Zions Camp marched to retake Zion in the spring/early summer of 1834. That August he began plans again to take back Zion through a military effort, affirming the date set in D&C 64, "Use every effort to prevail on the churches to gather to those regions and situate themselves to be in readiness to move into Jackson Co. in two years from the Eleventh of September next which is the appointed time for the redemption of Zion. ... Let not this be noised abroad let every heart beat in silence and every mouth be shut."

[Joseph Smith to Lyman Wight, Edward Partridge, John Corrill, Isaac Morley, and others, August 16, 1834, Joseph Smith Letter Book 1, 85, Church History Library; also in History of the Church, 2:145]

190 years ago today - Sep 11, 1831

Kirtland, Ohio. Joseph Smith received Doctrine & Covenants 64, a revelation containing the Lord's law of forgiveness and the warning, -"he that is tithed shall not be burned.-",

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

190 years ago today - Sep 11, 1831

D&C 64] "... I the Lord willeth to retain a strong hold in the Land of Kirtland for the space of five years in the which I will not overthrow the wicked that thereby I may save some & after that day I the Lord will not hold any guilty that shall go with open hearts up to the Land of Zion ..."

[Book of Commandments and Revelations (Revelation Book 1) http://bit.ly/manuscript-revelations]

195 years ago today - Sep 11, 1826

Anti-Masonic martyer William Morgan is released from jail in Canandaigua, 12 miles from the Smith farm. Joseph Smith would be jailed there for debt in late 1830.

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

95 years ago today - Sep 10, 1926

Heber J. Grant and his wife August act as proxies for the vicarious endowment of Warren G. Harding and his wife and for their proxy sealing. Although Apostle Wilford Woodruff was a proxy for the baptism of deceased U.S. presidents in 1877, Grant is apparently the first church president to act as a proxy for a deceased U.S. president. On 29 Sept. Grant and Apostle Reed Smoot are also proxies for the vicarious endowments of Ulysses S. Grant and Theodore Roosevelt.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

125 years ago today - Sep 10, 1896

President Cannon related some of the experiences of the brethren on their visit to California. He feared that the Elders were wasting valuable time in their efforts to reclaim members of the Church who had separated from the body of the Church, and had lost the spirit of the Gospel. ... Elder John Henry Smith suggested that the results of the labors of the missionaries now in the field should be known that it might be considered whether the results justified the expenditure of so much money and labor during the present time of stringency. President Cannon suggested that in the absence of President Lorenzo Snow, Elder F[ranklin]. D. Richards confer with the rest of the Apostles with a view of ascertaining what Brother Smith had suggested.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Sep 10, 1891

U.S. president Benjamin Harrison grants a pardon to fellow Republican and second counselor Joseph F. Smith for outstanding warrants for his arrest on polygamy.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

170 years ago today - Sep 10, 1851 (Conference)

[Brigham Young]

General Doniphan said in St. Louis, that, '"if he had one thousand Mormon Boys, the same as the Mormon Battalion, he could do more good that all the United States soldiers that were there:'" I say, if he had been a Mormon he would have been charged with treason, although the government is good, and the Constitution is as good as could be framed.

He then exhorted the Presiding Bishop to settle with the First Presidency and all the Bishops, and require their tithing, the one-tenth of all their real estate, of the value of their farms and possessions, and all they have got, and then see that the Bishops settle with every man, and that he pays his tithing or we will disfellowship him from the Church. I will sell every particle of my property if a man can be found who will pay the cash and I will put it all into the hands of Bishop Hunter, and I will begin anew, and in five years God will so bless me that I shall be richer than any man in this community.

He then called on the First Presidency, the Twelve Apostles, High Priests, Seventies, and every person to know if they were willing to do as he told them, when all hands were immediately raised. He lifted his hands on high and will all the powers of the Holy Priesthood vested in him, he blessed the Saints in the name of the Lord God of Israel, when all the people cried, Amen. -- Salt Lake City

[The Latter-day Saints Millennial Star, also Millennial Star Supplement, Manchester- Liverpool, England, 1840-1970, 14:35-36, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Sep 10, 1846 (Thursday)

The few remaining Saints at Nauvoo, of whom only about one hundred and twenty-five were able to bear arms, were attacked by an armed mob, about eighteen hundred strong, who with five pieces of artillery bombarded the city for several days. The brethren organized for self-defense and stopped the mobbers about two miles from the city.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

205 years ago today - Sep 10, 1816

An early "killing" frost comes to Norwich, Vermont which cuts down those few crops that survived earlier snows that fell in Jul and Aug. The Joseph Smith Sr. family, facing the third year of crop failure, decides to move to New York.

20 years ago today - Sep 9, 2001

Comedian, writer, and actor Steve (wild and crazy guy) Martin remarks at a Toronto Film Festival press conference concerning rumors that he is a Mormon: "I'm not a Mormon. That rumor dates back to Father of the Bride," explained Martin. "In one scene the shirt I was wearing was thin enough that you could see the undershirt. Apparently it looked like the garment some Mormon men wear under their clothes." Among Mormons rumors have circulated that Martin had been seen on the Tonight Show wearing a CTR ring, that he had been "secretly baptized," and that he had taught a class at BYU Education Week.

75 years ago today - Sep 9, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]

Mark Peterson called about the Dream Mine situation; they have information that a Joseph Geertsten, of McKay Ward, in High Council of Wells Stake, is active in this. He wanted to tell Pres. Clark about it before proceeding. Pres. Clark suggested that they get as much information as they can before proceeding. They might then get in touch with the Securities Commission about their selling the stock. The Dream Miners have weekly meetings on Thursday and the News representative is attending them. The source of information was a woman whose brother-in-law is a dream miner and has been going to the meetings with Geersten. At the meetings they learned the mine was to produce on August 27th, but it didn't happen, and the word is now that they expect it to come through any time.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

90 years ago today - Sep 9, 1931

Apostle (and trained scientist) John A. Widsoe writes from England that he thinks James E. Talmadge's speech "The Earth and Man" should be published by the Church as it is. The speech accepts geologist's determination of the age of the earth and that fossils are remnants of life that lived and died before Adam. A group of three apostles, including Joseph Fielding Smith, is adamantly against publication of the speech. After two months of meetings (one lasting seven hours) the speech is published and later issued as a pamphlet.

130 years ago today - Sep 9, 1891

[Brigham Young Jr.]

I dreamed last night that I was called home to assist in choosing a president of the Church. Pres[ident]. [Wilford] Woodruff found the burden too heavy at his advanced age. It is possible but not very probable, that this should transpire.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

150 years ago today - Sept. 9th 1871

Elder Preston Thomas inquired whether members of the school should be dealt with for breaking the rules of the school especially in relation to the Word of Wisdom. In the course of some remarks on the subject, Elder Thomas said he was scarcely considered an authority in these things as he never used tea, coffee, tobacco, or whiskey in his life to speak of and could not enter into the feelings of those who were accustomed to them. He thought however by diligently seeking unto the Lord we could obtain strength to overcome these evils. Bishop Wm. Budge invited the brethren to speak their mind on this subject.

Bro. Gooch testified to the blessings he had received through observing the Word of Wisdom.

Bro. [Stocks?] thought that by breaking our covenants in not keeping the Word of Wisdom and other things equally culpable we were cutting ourselves off from the school of the prophets.

Bishop Wm. Budge said that in the sins of theft, drunkenness &c there is no dubiety in the minds of the brethren but it was rather difficult sometimes to tell when men broke the Word of Wisdom for there are times and circumstances when men are justified in partaking of some things forbidden in the Word of Wisdom. These cases are rare and we often make excuses when we should not still we can not utterly forbid these things. The word of wisdom presents difficulties that must eventually be met and we should control our appetites now and not defer it. The Bishop then answered Elder Thomas by saying if a man persisted in breaking the rules of the school without repenting he should be dealt with under ordinary circumstances. Our standing in the school of the prophets or even in the Church will benefit us little if we make no improvement.

[Paris ward - Bear Lake Stake - School of the Prophets minutes 1869-72, typescript by Michael Nielsen]

170 years ago today - Sep 9, 1851

Brigham Young has conference covenant to accept and obey Word of Wisdom as commandment and to accept excommunication for non-payment of tithing. Church leaders do not consistentiy enforce either practice until 20th century.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

70 years ago today - Sep 8, 1951

Colleen K. Hutchins is named Miss America. Other Mormon winners of national and international pageants are May Louise Flodin (Miss Sweden and Miss World, 1955), Lavina Christensen Fugal (American Mother, 1955), Charlotte Sheffield (Miss USA, 1957), Linda Bement (Miss USA and Miss Universe, 1960), Shirley Fong (Miss Chinatown USA, 19630, Marie Moua (Miss Tahiti, 1965), Dianna Lynn Batts (Miss USA, 1965), Alice Welti Buehner (Mrs. America, 1965), Lorena Chipman Fletcher (American Mother, 1965), Joan Peterson Fisher (Mrs. America, 1968), Nora Begay (Miss Indian America, 1971), Janene Forsyth (Miss American Teenager, 1971), Susan Merrill (Miss Rodeo America, 1971), Shirley Franklin Casper (National Young Mother, 1971), Marilyn Jones Maw (U.S. Navy Wife, 1972), Connie Della Lucia (Miss Rodeo America, 1974), Phyllis Brown Marriott (National Mother, 1974), Kimberly Ann Jensen (Miss National Teenager, 1975), Sandy Blackwell (Miss Cheerleader USA, 1975), Serri Magnusson Zirker (National Young Mother, 1975), Kellie Thomson (Miss National Teenager, 1976), Kristine Rayola Harvey (Miss Indian America, 1976), Ann King (Miss United Teenager of America, 1977), Helen Ng Puay Ngoh (Miss Singapore, 1977), Susan Wright Brown (National Young Mother, 1979), Fances Davis Burtenshaw (National Mother, 1979), Vicki Lee (Miss New Zealand, 1980), Gina Durbano (Miss Drill team USA, 1982), LaDawn Andersen Jacob (National Young Mother, 1982), Tiffani Baker (Miss Teenage America, 1984), Jill Thurgood (Miss National Rodeo Queen, 1984), Sharlene Wells (Miss America, 1984), Lezlie Noel Porter (National Young Mother, 1984), Deborah Davis Wolfe (Mrs. America, 1984), Christy Fichtner (Miss USA, 1986), Bobette Kay Wildcat (Miss Indian America, 1988), Corinne Cader (Premier Princess of Mauritius, 1988), Nadine Thomas Matis (National Mother, 1990), Deedra Lybbert (Miss Rodeo Canada, 1991), Wendy Goodrich McKenna (National Mother of Young Children, 1991), Sandra Earnest (Mrs. USA, 1992), Michelle Kay White (National Mother of Young Children, 1993), Roberta Henry Lawler (National Mother of Young Children, 1995), Esther Wright (American Honey Queen, 1995), Carolyn Merrill Shumway (National Mother, 1996), Lisa Vail Phillips (National Mother of Young Children, 1996). (likely more since) On the male side, LDS Larry Scott wins the Mr. America bodybuilding title (1963), Mr. Universe (1964), and Mr. Olympia (1965,1966). David W. Checketts, owner of the New York Knicks, is the National Father (1994).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

80 years ago today - Sep 8, 1941

[J. Reuben Clark]

Vetterli'Repeated what I said to Commissioner McConkie and Mayor Jenkins and told him he must decide how best to handle prostitute question: that my concern was that streets should be safe for our womanfolk.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

120 years ago today - Sep 8, 1901

... members of the Twelve held an informal meeting at which the matter of handling the plural marriage cases in the Church was discussed i.e. how best to get at them and make Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith's declaration effective. I suggested that if Pres[ident]. Smith would in general Conference reiterate his declaration of 1904 and instruct the Church courts to enforce the rule it would have a beneficial effect within and without the Church.

[George F. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Sep 8, 1886

Isaac C. Haight dies in Arizona, fully reinstated in the church sixteen years after his excommunication for ordering the Mountain Meadows Massacre.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

140 years ago today - Sep 08, 1881

David O. McKay is baptized in Spring Creek near Huntsville, Utah; he is the first future President of the Church to be baptized on his eighth birthday.

145 years ago today - Sep 08, 1876

Amanda Inez Knight (Allen), later one of the first single women missionaries called by the Church, is born in Payson, Utah.

165 years ago today - Sep 8, 1856

[Brigham Young]

Br. Dimmock [Huntington] also stated the Indians occasionally had what they called a whore dance, which was lewd and wrong. President said he should drive away the boys that congregated, round the Indians, and whip the Indians that they might desist from these dances and practices. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Sep 8, 1851

B[righam] Young said I will put the motion. Will the Sisters + vote to quit using tea & coffee? The Brethren have voted not to use tobaco.

I will speak of the Bishops. I spoke of them yesterday, & reproved them sharply. Some wanted me to offer an apology to them. I will not. I will see them in Hell before I will do it. If this people do not do Better than the Bishops have they will [go to hell] And if you do not do better than you have done you will go to Hell.......

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Sep 8, 1851 (Afternoon, Conference)

President Young said, there would be traveling Bishops, to visit the Bishops in their respective wards, to see that they do their duty, and if they do not do it, they will be removed out of their place and others put in; when Nathaniel H. Felt, was nominated as one of the traveling Presiding Bishops, under Bishop Edward Hunter'"Carried. -- Salt Lake City

[The Latter-day Saints Millennial Star. Also Millennial Star Supplement, Manchester- Liverpool, England, 1840-1970. 14:34-35, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

45 years ago today - Sep 7, 1976

At a BYU devotional address President Spencer W. Kimball preaches: "We recommend that people marry those who are of the same racial background generally . . . . and above all, the same religious background, without question." This is quoted in the Jun 17, 1978 issue of CHURCH NEWS in an article "Interracial Marriage Discouraged." This is the same issue which announces the lifting of the priesthood ban on Blacks.

105 years ago today - Sep 7, 1916

Corporation of the Presiding Bishop organized.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

130 years ago today - Monday, Sep 7, 1891

[John Henry Smith]

Salt Lake City

It is announced from Cape May that Jos. F. Smith is amnestied by the President [of the United States].

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - Sep 7, 1881

a game of chess by telephone was played between Salt Lake and Ogden on Sunday. Salt Lake won. This is probably the first instance of telephonic chess on record.

[History to Go, Statehood, http://historytogo.utah.gov/timeline/statehood.html]

175 years ago today - Sep 7, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

Monday September 7th 1846. Went to see President Young after breakfast and reported what [had] been done which he said was all right and perfectly satisfactory on his part but said for me to use utmost care to keep down any undue excitement from those who did not understand the Laws & ordinances of this kingdom [regarding whipping three boys for "night ramblings" with Wilford Woodruff's new teenage brides.]

I then went with the Marshall over to Hebers camp as we had understood that there was many who were hard against us over there. So we went & got G. W. Langley & W. J. Earl and went round the camp saluting every one friendly that we met & passed off and in an hour or so it was reported that we were after some four or five more to whip and so great was the excitement that some even went in their waggons & was prepared to shoot in case we came

By this means we, as we anticipated, learned who their accomplices in crime were. For of course no one was scared who was not guilty or aiding & abetting those who were and in fact some were in this way detected whom I little would have supposed to be any way engaged in such things. I still kept on the look out all day with some of the police to see that all was going right and saw A. Lyman, W. Richards, W. Woodruff in the mein time and reported to them how matters were going. Brown & Barnum [two of the punished boys] was acting very friendly and said they were going to do better.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

45 years ago today - 6 September 1976

[Leonard J. Arrington]

"It was in the early 1950s, when graduate research at BYU built up, that Brother Lund put the clamps on research by insisting that each library user clear his notes with him before he could have them. Most scholars worked out various devices for clearing this hurdle: keeping carbon copies of notes; carrying out notes in inside pockets, in their stockings and soles of their shoes, etc. Brother Lund's system was an obstacle, an irritant, but did not impede or prevent honest and comprehensive research."

[Leonard J Arrington Reminiscences, 6 September 1976. USU, Arrington Collection, Series 10]

55 years ago today - Sep 6, 1966

Deseret Management Corporation becomes the holding company for the church's income producing enterprises. "There was criticism from members of the Twelve," second counselor N. Eldon Tanner later comments, "because they couldn't see why the First Presidency would hand that [power] over to the Deseret Management Corporation."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

75 years ago today - Sep 6, 1946

[George Albert Smith]

Harrold Bennett drove me to see [presiding] Patriarch Jos F. Smith [who had engaged in homosexual activities, not to be confused with apostle Joseph F. Smith]. A pitiable case.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

80 years ago today - Sep 6, 1941

[Heber J. Grant]

Richard L. Evans called and I read to him the article that I am preparing for the Era, telling of the prophecy of John W. Taylor, and my being blessed to make $46,000 in four months.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

125 years ago today - Sep 6, 1896

Patriarchal Blessing of Richard R. Lyman by John Brown ... Thou shalt have power over the elements; at thy rebuke the winds and waves shall be stilled. ... Thou shalt assist in building the Temple at the center stake of Zion upon the consecrated spot dedicated by the Prophet Joseph Smith. Thou shalt witness the return of the lost tribes who will come to Zion and receive their blessings under hands of the sons of Ephraim. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

165 years ago today - Sep 6, 1856

Heber C. Kimball - "Brigham Young will become President of the United States."

[Journal of Discourses, vol. 5, p. 219, referenced in Instutite for Religious Research]

175 years ago today - Sep 6, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

This morning a number of the Police and the Marshall went over into Heber camp and took Peletiah Brown another one of the young men who had been with young Barnum [who had been engaging in "night ramblings" with Wilford Woodruff's two new teenage brides] and took him into the woods and give him 18 stripes which brought blood in two places. He also protested that he was innocent. He was considerably excited when we came but after reasoning with him a short time he consented to go and in fact he & Barnum both acted manly after we took them[.] He requested go alone with me and let the others follow for he was ashamed to be taken off in a croud before the people

He took his whipping tolerable well but all the time protested he was innocent. When the Marshall had given him near what he was to have he loudly exclaimed "O Br Eldridge if you will only stop Ill never touch another girl again while hells afloat." He finished this sentence at the top of his voice. When we were through we all came homewe had now but one more case to attend to and that was A. J. Clothier or as he was more known by Jack Clothier. When I came home I was very unwell and the long walk had tired me down and I staid at home untill in the evening when George W. Langley and some more brought Jack Clothier here. He said that when he took Jack his mother and all the family railed on them and called them mobbers and every evil thing against them that they could think of and finally sent for Father Cutler to have him interfere but when he came he said he had nothing to do with it and advised him to go. His mother followed him here railing all the time which made no small stir among the people who did not know what to think of it.

We took him out of camp and gave him 23 stripes putting on five for his mean conduct while in our hands. We then gave him a long lecture on the law in the matter before us as we did the others. He did not act honorably as did the others but manifested a mean low, and grovelling spirit all the time

We then sent him home & after having a long conversation among ourselves about what was wisdom for us to do in future & the course to pursue in order to meet the excitement we came home It was now in the night.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

190 years ago today - Sep 6, 1831

In the Ravenna Courier, Symonds Ryder publishes the first printed attack on Mormonism by a former member.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

40 years ago today - Sep 5, 1981

William Appleman Williams, writing in THE NATION, Calls the LDS First Presidency's statement on the MX missile system a "truly radical action," which has "received far less attention than it deserves. He encourages radicals committed to social change to learn from the Mormons. Williams asserts "the left has created nothing to compare with the concentrated force of the Mormon opposition to the MX and to the American acceleration of the arms race." Williams, who teaches history at Oregon State University and is president of the Organization of American Historians, acknowledges that "the Mormons display a very, shrewd understanding of the kind of national power that can grow out of organizing a relatively small number of people in a specific region."

80 years ago today - Sep 5, 1941

[J. Reuben Clark]

Told Bro McKay about Pres Grant's and my insistence that U-I [sugar company] borrow some of its funds from us, say $1,000,000.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

135 years ago today - Sep 5, 1886

[Abraham H. Cannon]

Uncle Angus [M. Cannon]. . . said he felt [his son] John Q. ought to get up before the public congregation in the Big Tabernacle this afternoon and confess his sin and Uncle Angus should then propose and put it to vote that he be cut off from the Church. ... I therefore carried the latter's advice to John and he manfully agreed to follow it.... I reached meeting just in time to hear Uncle Angus put the motion to vote that John be cut off. It was unanimously sustained. Uncle Angus immediately left the meeting to again go in hiding. The affair created a great sensation because no idea was had by any, except two or three, of John's guilt and the fact that Uncle Angus came out of his hiding to put the matter before the people that it might be a warning made a profound impression. ... I drove to the farm after meeting and heard Father tell the folks what had occurred. He began in this way: "John Q. Cannon has committed adultery and was today cut off the Church." The sadness of the scene which followed beggars description. All wept and felt their spirits wounded. I went over for John Q. in the evening and after giving solicitation, he went over and met Father and the folks. He seemed to feel very penitent and humble, and will, I hope, try to live his religion hereafter. The blow has been a terrible one to us all as we all placed so much faith in John Q. He said he suffered a thousand deaths in telling Annie, Louie, and Sister Wells this afternoon of his fall from the Church.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Sep 5, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

I was busy in making preperation to execute the order of the President and Br Woodruff and to that end I saw and collected together Levi Stewart, S. A. Dunn, M. D. Hambleton[.] John Lytle[.] S. H. Earl and H. S. Eldridge the Marshalland we went to the timber towards the meeting ground where one of these men was chopping wood. For I had managed to have him sent there on purpose

When we came he suspected our business and was uncommonly excited[.] He began to plead and wanted to see Br Woodruff or Brigham and tried every way to get to come into camp but it was all in vain. He had seen Woodruff & did not make satisfaction [for "night ramblings" with Woodruff's two new teenage wives] nor could he as Woodruff told him this side of hell for he told him that nothing short of fire & brimstone could cleanse them so when we came two of us having guns he never thought of anything else but to be killed forth with. This was what excited him so much[.] At length I told in a few words that we must execute our orders whereupon Br Stewart took out a rope which when he saw it he begged not to be tied saying that he would submit to whatever we put on him without being tied so we did not tie him but all started off to a proper place[.] He was weeping & begging all the time. At length he exclaimed that he did not want to be taken off and killed this way. I then first discovered what he expected so I told him that he was not to be killed. He then expected we were going to put the next worst punishment [casteration] on him so then I told him that we were only going to give him a severe whipping which seemed to allay his excitement although he protested to be innocent all the time. We took him to a good place and the Marshall gave him 18 hard lashes which striped him well but did not bring the blood after which we taught him the principles of the law and the just punishment for such crimes and what he need to expect if ever we had to visit him again now since we had declared to him the law of God. His name was Daniel Barnum son of Job V. Barnum who was a good old man and subject to the law & the order of the kingdom of God and deprecated the conduct of his son but could not control him

We then came home about Eleven oclock and in the afternoon went to the woods again to get proper switches for the next who were to be punished and then returned again and went to council at Rockwoods but there was not much done[.] I forgot to mention in the proper place that all those who were with me were of the "Old Police" but the Marshall and it was his duty to execute the law in this place for he was the only executive officer yet appointed here.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Sep 5, 1846

At Wilford Woodruff's request, two young men, Daniel Barnham and Palatire Brown, are whipped with 18 and 23 lashes for "larking" with his teenage brides who he divorced two weeks earlier because of "night ramblings." The young men's families refuse to continue to Utah. A week later Heber C Kimball "spoke upon the fuss made by some persons about those boys being whipped. Some went and hid themselves saying that they would shoot anybody who should undertake to whip them, which he regarded as a pretty sure sign of their guilt. The whipping has been done by order of the council and he would support his brethren in the course they had taken." Brigham Young "spoke very severely upon the course taken by some in undertaking to stir up strife in the camp because some boys had been whipped. . . . He thought the marshall [Hosea Stout] had not whipped them severe enough or they would hold their tongues." Woodruff writes of his two former wives: "Sarah Brown & Caroline Barton who had led them into evil, needed Punishment as well as the young men."

180 years ago today - Sep 5, 1841

[Joseph Smith]

I preached to a large congregation at the Stand, on the Science and practice of Medicine, desiring to persuade the Saints to trust in God when sick, and not in an arm of flesh, and live by faith and not by medicine, or poison, and when they were sick, and had called for the Elders to pray for them, and they were not healed, to use herbs and mild food.

[Scott H. Faulring, An American Prophet's Record: Journal, ca. 1841-43 'The Book of the Law of the Lord', http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

75 years ago today - Sep 4, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]

John Wallace came in ... expressed great concern over the entry into this area of the Bank of America, who seem to be hand in glove with the Eccles banking interests. ... Mr. Wallace also states that the Eccles group are still acquiring interests in banks in Utah and adjacent areas. He suggests that for the protection of all (he seems to feel very strongly about this) that a strong local group of banks should be formed. He did not specifically say consolidation but quite evidently he has that in mind and that the Church banks and Walkers should come together in one banking institution. ...

I told him that I thought there was much to what he said; that the matter deserved careful consideration; ... that I was fearful for the future, particularly vis-a-vis the communists, who I thought would attempt to take over, if certain developments came, ... that the Church was engaged in industrial and financial enterprises merely to stableize and promote the welfare of the people; that the sole concern of the Church was the leading of our people to live righteously and the spreading of the Gospel among non-members, everything we did had to have this in mind and must have a bearing directly or indirectly thereon; that within a year after the Church was first organized the United Order was set up and that from then until now the Church had been in a great measure concerned with the temporal welfare of its people; that it was not in business merely to make money, but as I had above stated, to stabilize this situation and develop the people financially ...

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

165 years ago today - Sep 4, 1856

[James Henry Martineau]

Had an excellent meeting (fast) to day. Sister Zilpha Smith, wife of Geo. A. Smith spoke powerfully in tongues. I had to some extent the gift of interpretation for which I have long prayed.

[An Uncommon Common Pioneer: The Journals of James Henry Martineau 1828-1918, edited by Donald G. Godfrey XXX Rebecca S. Martineau-McCarty]

175 years ago today - Sep 4, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

I saw Br Wilford Woodruff who informed me of the conduct of some young men towards some young women [Woodruff's two new teenage brides]. President Young had also previously given me charge to keep a sharp look out for them and that they had undertakin to get hold of them and some one informed them what was up.

Elder Woodruff said that they and the girls had been out for fifteen nights in succession untill after two oclock and that it was his wish & the wish of the President that I should take the matter in hand and see that they had a just punishment by whipping them and for me to take my own course and use my own judgement in executing the same[.] I told him that I would see to it[.] This was I believe the first step taken since we were in the wilderness to enforce obedience to the Law of God or to punish a transgressor for a breach of the same. The crimes of these men were adultery or having carnal communication with the girls which was well known to many and the legal punishment was death

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

180 years ago today - Sep 4, 1841

Apostle Orson Pratt is the first general authority to receive an honorary college degree (M.A. from the University of the City of Nauvoo).

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Sep 4, 1836

[Wilford Woodruff]

Elder Grooves & Boydstun heal'd by the laying on of hands.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

90 years ago today - Sep 3, 1931

[George F. Richards]

In the evening I performed the ordinance of sealing Maud May Babcock to President Brigham Young, Willard Young acting for his father. I also administered Seconds [second anointing] to her.

[George F. Richards diary, Sept. 3, 1931, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Thursday, Sep 3, 1896

[John Henry Smith]

I went through the Temple today and was endowed for my Uncle David Lord Libbey and had his wife Caroline sealed to him, Hannah M. Smith acting for her. I had Jane Topham sealed to me, Hannah Topham Clark acting for Jane. I went up to Ogden and attended the meeting of the extreme silverite Wing of the Republican party. Some good talk was made and some unwise things said.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

165 years ago today - Sep 3, 1856

Letter from First Presidency with precautions about a recent small pox outbreak.

[1856-September 3-DN 6:205 (September 3, 1856), in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

185 years ago today - early Sep 1836

Joseph Smith returned to Kirtland from his unsuccessful treasure hunt in Salem, Mass.

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

185 years ago today - early Sep 1836

Joseph Smith commanded Levi Hancock to take Fanny Alger [with whom Smith had a relationship, possibly a marriage] to Missouri.

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

25 years ago today - Sep 2, 1996

Gordon B. Hinckley receives the American Legion's "Good Guy Award."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

180 years ago today - Sep 2, 1841

[Brigham Young]

"On my return from England I found my family living in a small unfinished log cabin, situated on a low, wet lot, so swampy that when the first attempt was made to plow it the oxen mired; but after the city was drained it became a very valuable garden spot."

"Although I had to spend the principal part of my time, at the call of Brother Joseph, in the service of the Church, the portion of time left me I spent in draining, fencing and cultivating my lot, building a temporary shed for my cow, chinking and otherwise finishing my house; and as the ground was too damp to admit of a cellar underground, I built one with two brick walls about four or six inches apart, arched over with brick. Frost never penetrated it, although in summer articles would mildew in it."

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

25 years ago today - Sep 1, 1996

(Fall) 'Brigham Young University Studies' publishes a study by two sociologists who analyze 1,384 questionnaires submitted by LDS "householders," including the discovery that LDS men are more likely to think they are going to heaven ("celestial kingdom") than women think of themselves. Men are less likely to attend church or pray privately than women.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

40 years ago today - Sep 1, 1981

(September) Branch presidents at the Missionary Training Center receive a 21-point handout to help "both male and female" missionaries avoid masturbation. Point 19: "In very severe cases it may be necessary to tie a hand to the bed frame with a tie in order that the habit of masturbating in a semi-sleep condition can be broken. This can also be accomplished by wearing several layers of clothing which would be difficult to remove while half asleep." In a May 1995 article about masturbation, the national magazine 'Details' publishes seventeen of these recommendations and identifies Apostle Mark E. Petersen as the suthor of 'Steps in Overcoming Masturbation: A Guide To Self-Control.' In 1996, a spokesman at LDS headquarters denies that Elder Petersen authored this document and denies it was ever officially distributed.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

45 years ago today - Sep 1, 1976

In response to the increasing "personal problems of church members . . . in number and seriousness," together with the absence of "revealed truth about human behavior" among professionals "to combat these problems," BYU President Dallin Oaks proposes to the Board of Trustees that "an Institute for Studies in Values and Human Behavior be established at BYU to sponsor and conduct research that would assist in preventing and changing [deviant] behaviors which lead people away from eternal life." The trustees approve Oaks's proposal and back the appointment of BYU psychologist Allen Bergin as its director. Noting that "too many LDS behavioral scientists do not harmonize their professional concepts with their religious stands," Bergin explained that his "first project [would] be to state as clearly as possible to the behavioral scientists . . . that Jesus Christ teaches in principles of behavior. He later adds, "What we can do is receive inspiration in our research and then seek reviews by the authorities [of the church] for their interpretations, disapproval, or whatever, if doctrinal questions are raised by it." Institute member Victor Brown, Jr. writes to BYU officials, "Our basic theme is that truth lies with the scriptures and prophets, not with secular data or debate."

85 years ago today - Sep 1, 1936

German mazazine DER STERN reports on a lecture by Dr. Max Haenle from Tubingen, a non-Mormon who visited Utah in the late twenties and became a friend of Anthony W. Ivins, First Counselor to Heber J. Grant. The article says that Haenle made "comparisons ... throughout the whole lecture between the Mormon state founded 86 years ago by Brigham Young in Utah and Adolf Hitler's Third Reich. . . . In its political productivity, its organization forms, and its unswerving successes in the various areas of governmental, social, and communal life," he proclaimed, "Utah bears a really striking similarity to our Germany of today. Here as well as there, the unshakable faith in and willingness to die for their Fuhrer [respective leaders] is the foundation and prerequisite for all further development."

115 years ago today - Sep 1, 1906

[Heber J. Grant to Anthony W. Ivins]

"Bro[ther]s. [John W.] Taylor and [Matthias F.] Cowley have got just what they were entitled to [diciplined, including being dropped from the quorum of twelve for promoting polygamy], and did not get it as soon as they should. They presumed to be a law unto themselves. There are many things that I can tell you that will throw light on the situation. The young man [i.e., Henry S. Tanner] in the Y.M.M.I.A. will go to hell all right if he does not repent of the position he now occupies. Bro[ther]. [Francis M.] Lyman or no man that has ever lived will be able to influence Pres[ident]. [Joseph F.] Smith to accept his'the man's policy. Jos[eph]. F. Smith is the strongest man that has stood at the head of the Church since the Prophet Joseph Smith. Bro[ther]. Lyman is not in the same class when it comes to real force of character. You or no man that lives need have the least anxiety of Pres[ident]. Smith allowing Bro[ther] Lyman to dominate the President. I see from your letter that you are not at all worried in that direction. Your position is the only correct one and that is to see that every presiding man in your Stake sustains the present policy of the Church or gets out of office. There is not the least safety in any other position. I supposed the bone that you were going to pick with me was what some good friend said to you as to what I had told him, but you dropped the picking, and so did I and am now more than willing to let it wait until we meet."

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Anthony W. Ivins, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - Sep 1, 1906

J. Reuben Clark is the first Mormon appointed to federal government service (U.S. State Department's assistant solicitor). He serves as the department's solicitor from 1910 to 1911. No Mormon serves in an equivalent legal position until Rex E. Lee's appointment as U.S. Solicitor General (1981-85).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

125 years ago today - Sep 1, 1896

In Denver, Colorado, the Mormon Tabernacle Choir competes in the Great Western Eisteddfod, a Welsh-style music and literature contest.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

160 years ago today - Sep 1, 1861 (Evening)

Prest. Young announced the fact that in Joseph's posterity the keys of the Priesthood should rest and that upon young David the blessing should descend. -- Salt Lake City

[Historians Office Journal, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - 1851. September 1

Sam Brannan: Newly arrived Pacific Mission President Parley P. Pratt excommunicated Brannan [leader of California saints] for "a general course of unchristianlike conduct, neglect of duty, and for combining with lawless assemblies to commit murder and other crimes—the "Committee of Vigilance" lynching.

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Sep 1, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]

The New York Sun of to day contains a most singular Phenonimen ever recorded in the last days. A shower of flesh & Blood, A pillar of smooke, & a shower of manney.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

15 years ago today - Aug 31, 2006

President George W. Bush visited the First Presidency [presided over by President Hinckley]

[LDS Newsroom, Time line of Significant Events as President, http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/news-releases-stories/time-line-of-significant-events-as-president]

55 years ago today - Aug 31, 1966

[David O. McKay]

President [N. Eldon] Tanner referred to a question that had arisen as to the possibility of children who have themselves been sealed to their parents or who were born in the covenant attending a sealing where other children are being sealed to their parents. As an illustration he mentioned cases where parents who have children born in the covenant go to the Temple to have sealed to them children whom they have adopted. Under these conditions the parents would like to take their family with them to witness the sealing of other children. He stated that in two or three cases we have authorized this procedure, but that the Temple rule is that children under 21 years of age and only those over 21 who have had their endowments should be permitted to witness these sealings. President Tanner said that he and President [Hugh B.] Brown had discussed this with Elder Howard W. Hunter and it was their feeling that it should be a general rule that children under 21 may, where they desire to do so, and obtain the necessary recommends, attend and witness the sealing [of] adopted brothers and sisters.

[David O. McKay diary, Aug. 31, 1966, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

135 years ago today - Aug 31, 1886

U.S. officials at Staten Island, New York, send immigrants back to England because they are Mormons. They board the next ship, conceal their religion and destination, pass through American customs, and arrive in Salt Lake City on 27 Oct. For the next several years, European immigrants conceal their LDS religion and Utah destination.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

165 years ago today - Aug 31, 1856

President Young Preached in the morning & prophesied concerning the oposition of the gentiles to us. <Said they could not drive us from this valley.> He was still govornor & should be untill the Lord saw fit to remove him. He spoke by the spirit & power of God

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Aug 31, 1856

[Brigham Young]

[1882 second coming prediction] "Mormons, can write it down if you please, but write it as I speak it. …after twenty-six years [1830] of faithful operation and exertion by our enemies, including the times when Joseph had scarcely a man to stand by him… In the days of Joseph it was considered a great privilege to be permitted to speak to a member of Congress, but twenty-six years [1882] will not pass away before the Elders of this Church will be as much thought of as the kings on their thrones. …Jesus Christ will be the President, and we are his officers, and they will have to leave the ground: for they will find that Jesus has the right of soil. This they are afraid of, do you blame them? No, I do not, and you should not: let them feel bad and worry. [26+1856=1882]

[President Brigham Young, Salt Lake City, August 31, 1856 Journal of Discourses, vol.4, p.4, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

165 years ago today - Aug 31, 1856

[Brigham Young]

... we are now raised to a position where we can converse with kings and emperors. In the days of Joseph it was considered a great privilege to be permitted to speak to a member of Congress, but twenty-six years will not pass away before the Elders of this Church will be as much thought of as the kings on their thrones. ...

When '"Mormonism'" finds favor with the wicked in this land, it will have gone into the shade; but until the power of the Priesthood is gone, '"Mormonism'" will never become popular with the wicked. ...

I have traveled and preached, and at the same time sustained my family by my labor and economy. If I borrowed one hundred dollars, or fifty, or if I had five dollars, it almost universally went into the hands of brother Joseph, to pay lawyers' fees and to liberate him from the power of his enemies, so far as it would go. Hundreds and hundreds of dollars that I have managed to get, to borrow and trade for, I have handed over to Joseph when I came home. That is the way I got help, and it was good for me; it learned me a great deal, though I had learned, before I heard of '"Mormonism,'" to take care of number one.

[Journal of Discourses, vol. 4, p. 40, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Aug 31, 1846

Young warns non-Mormon Thomas L. Kane (whom Young had just met) "that we had more influence with the indians than all other nations on the earth, & if we were compelled we would use it."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Aug 31, 1841

[Minutes of the Apostles]

Resolved unanimously, that we deeply feel for our beloved President Joseph Smith & his fathers family on account of the great losses they have sustained in their properties on account of /by/ the unparalleled persecutions in Missouri, as well as the other many persecutions they have sustained since the Rise of the church, which has brought them to their present destitute situation; 'Therefore, Voted unanimously, /for ourselves & the church we represent/ that we approve of whel of the proceedings of president Smith so far as he has gone, in making over certain properties to his wife & children /& friends/ for their Support. & that He continue to deed & make over certain portions of church property /which now exist, or which may be obtained by exchange/ as in his wisdom he shall judge expedient, till his own & his fathers household shall have an inheritance secured to them ...

Resolved, that on account of the peculiar situation of the Church hitherto, it has been expedient & necessary that that the deeds. Bonds. & properties of the Church should be & have been taken & holden by committees of the church'& private individuals.'but that we now have a Trustte in Trust.' viz. President Joseph Smith appointed according to the laws of the Land....

... it was, voted unanimously that President Smith., as Trustee in Trust, be requested, & instructed /by the Conference on behalf of the Church/ to extend relief to such indigent suffering brethren., either by land or goods, as the properties of the Church would admit.

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

190 years ago today - Aug 31, 1831

Joseph Smith receives a revelation (unpublished) directing that Kirtland's sawmill operator, John Burk, and others immigrate to Missouri. The family of later sawmill owners Azariah Lyman and Austin Loud believe that this act disrupts Kirtland's sawmill operation.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

55 years ago today - Aug 30, 1966

... Where persons who are involved in pending divorce or annulment proceedings make application for permission to go to the temple, brethren authorized to issue temple recommends should carefully and search ingly interview the applicant, and if it is found that he or she is in no cent of any serious wrongdoing in connection with the divorce or annulment and is otherwise worthy, a temple recommend may be issued. When the final decree of divorce or annulment has been entered, a divorce clearance must be obtained from the First Presidency by the parties involved, if they were previously sealed to each other in the temple, before they may be permitted to continue temple attendance or receive a temple recommend.... Divorces or annulments of marriage need not be cleared by the First Presidency for persons who were not sealed to each other in the temple....

[David O. McKay, Hugh B. Brown, N. Eldon Tanner, and Joseph Fielding Smith, circular letter, Aug. 30, 1966, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - Aug 30, 1906

At a testimony meeting of the general board of the Young Ladies Mutual Improvement Association invited guests Lillie T. Freeze and Maria Young Dougall speak in tongues and interpret. Sisters Freeze and Dougall are general board members in other auxiliaries and speak in tongues and interpret at such meetings until they die in 1937. By then glossolalia no longer occurs in LDS meetings, since all Mormons with this gift have died without successors. After 1930s LDS leaders redefine the "gift of tongues" to be xenoglossia, the ability to learn unfamiliar language (such as Japanese), rather than spontaneous speaking of "unknown tongues" which correspond to no recognized language.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Aug 30, 1906

Bro. Reed Smoot was all broken up over some of Bro. Roberts talk on Polatics.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Aug 30, 1846

Elder [Brigham] Young followed & gave many principles of interest. Said we must have experience. If we had done right & known how to have Magnifyed the Priesthood we should not have been driven from Jackson County. But must have experience in order to be prepared to govern the kingdom of God.

We met in council at 5 oclok at Br Kimbals tent. President Young there addressed the meeting And Said that it was an Eternal Principle that before God would Chose A man to rule any part of his kingdom He must first learn to be ruled And that the Lord was preparing A people for that purpose & fifty years would not pass away before many who are now present will each rule over many more than what I do this day.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Aug 30, 1831-31

D&C 63 (Kirtland): Sign-seekers condemned; adulterers and those who deny the faith not in first resurrection; purchase land, do not shed blood; wicked destroyed by fire; Joseph decides who moves to Zion; Newel K. Whitney church agent; millennium: children will be resurrected and grow, elderly will be changed in twinkling of an eye; Sidney's writing unacceptable--repent and rewrite.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

195 years ago today - Aug 30, 1826

The LYONS ADVERTISER, in Lyons N.Y., ten miles from Palmyra, prints: "All wonders heretofore said or sung, from the legends of the Arabian Nights, down to the marvels of Cotton Mather, are flat & tame in comparison with many of the tales in this AUTHENTIC account of the WONDERS OF NATURE AND PROVIDENCE It's fame has spread far and wide among us." ." Josiah Priest's book, "The Wonders of Nature and Providence," argues that the Indians are descended from Hebrews, contains a condensed version of Ethan Smith's "View of the Hebrews," and is one of the more widely circulated books of the Manchester rental library (just five miles from Joseph Smith's home) in 1827.

15 years ago today - Aug 29, 2006

Warren Steed Jeffs (50), a fugitive polygamist, was arrested in Nevada. He was on the FBIs 10 most-wanted list for sex crimes in Utah and Arizona. Jeffs ruled the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS) since his father died in 2002. The sect had broken from the Mormon Church over a century ago.

[Ratnikas, Algis, TimelinesDb, http://www.timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=201title=Utah]

30 years ago today - Aug 29, 1991

Arthur K. Smith is the first non-LDS president of the University of Utah.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

75 years ago today - Aug 29, 1946

I was instructed by the First Presidency to write to Pres[ident] Edward J. Wood for the Alberta Temple at Cardston, calling his attention to reported irregularities, and innovations, seances &c introduced into the temple and temple ordinances with a request that such deviations must stop.

[George F. Richards diary, Aug. 29, 1946, in Anderson, Devery, The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

120 years ago today - Aug 29, 1901

First Presidency statement against secret orders and organizations. This is official culmination of half-century of estrangement from church's involvement in Freemasonry, which Joseph Smith thought would help protect him and Mormons.

120 years ago today - Aug 29, 1901

Apostle John W. Taylor marries two half-sisters, Rhoda and Roxie Welling, both on the same day. This increases his number of wives to five. Apostle Matthias F. Cowley performs the weddings at the Taylor home in Farmington, Utah. Taylor's third wife, Janet Maria Woolley (whom Taylor married four days after Wilford Woodruff's manifesto was presented to the Church in general conference) says that Taylor was given permission to marry the Welling girls by Joseph F. Smith, a counselor in the First Presidency.

120 years ago today - Aug 29, 1901

President [Joseph F.] Smith said that if the seventies generally could be convinced that they were simply elders with a special calling as aids to the Apostles in preaching the Gospel in foreign lands, and their minds could be disabused of the idea placed thereby the teachings of the late Elder Joseph Young, President of the Council of Seventy, to the effect that the Seventies were Apostles, some of them would not perhaps feel as they do now. Brother Cowley related a conversation he once had with the late President John Taylor, to the effect that a man holding the office of an Elder has all the authority necessary to preach the Gospel, and believing this to be true, thought the Elders should not be ordained Seventies in a wholesale way as they were now being ordained, but that they should be chosen according to their fitness to become aids to the Apostles. President Snow remarked that when elders were ordained seventies no more Priesthood was conferred upon them, but that they were merely called to work in a special field.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Aug 29, 1891

[Abraham H. Cannon]

"There seems to be a regular mania to commit suicide sweeping over this city. Scarcely a day passes but what one or more cases occur."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Aug 29, 1846

[Wilford Woodruff]

"Presidents Young & Richards Met at my tent And I Called my family together & I lade before them the Conduct of Caroline Barton & Sarah Brown [teen age wives added to Woodruff's family on the 2nd] in there night Ramblings with unprincipled young men. Many things were said upon the subject. They manifested a disposition to live els whare and I wished them to do so if they would not conduct better. Elder Richards prophesyed to them in the name of the Lord that they would see the day that they would be willing to have there right arm severd from there body if that would restore them to the place & station they were now loosing. But in consequence of there bad conduct I sent Caroline to her Father & Mother & Sarah left my tent to seek some place to stay. She went to Br Bakers untill she could get one."

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Aug 29, 1831

Kirtland, Ohio. While traveling to Colesville, New York, from Harmony, Pennsylvania, Joseph Smith and his company were miraculously delivered from their enemies, who were blinded and unable to identify them.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

120 years ago today - 1901. August 28

Zina D. H. Young: Died of old age—sexton's records list "senility"—at her home at 146 Fourth Street in Salt Lake City at the age of eighty. Buried in the Salt Lake City Cemetery family plot of her first husband, Henry B. Jacobs, who had died of Bright's disease in 1886. Her epitaph is the motto of the Relief Society: "Charity never faileth."

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Aug 28, 1881

President John Taylor preaches, "And after the flood we are told that the curse that had been pronounced upon Cain was continued through Ham's wife, as he had married a wife of that seed. And why did it pass through the flood? Because it was necessary that the devil should have a representation upon the earth as well as God"

175 years ago today - Aug 28, 1846

28th Met in Council this morning with the Omaho's Chiefs & braves. We smoked the pipe of peace And then President Young spoke to them through there interpeter whose name was [ ] Informing them It was our desire to winter here And if they wished we would do some work for them make them a field & fix there guns &c. And many things were said which I Cannot now name.

And the big Elk replyed My Son thou hast spoken well. I have all thou hast Said in my heart. I have much I want to say. We are poor. When we go to hunt game in one place we meet an enemy & so in another place. Our enemies kill us. We do not kill them. I hope we will be friends. You may stay on these lands two years or more. Our young men may watch your cattle. We would be glad to have you trade with us. We will warn you of danger from other Indians &c. Many other things were said. The Council closed. The Indians were fed & returned home.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - late Aug 1836

In Joseph Smith's absence some members call for David Whitmer to assume leadership of the Church. A similar situation happened during Smith's trip to Canada in July of 1837. Accounts of these two events are difficult to sort one from another. The earlier attempt to unseat Smith may possibly have been related to his affair with Miss Fanny Alger.

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

135 years ago today - Friday, Aug 27, 1886

[John Henry Smith]

It was agreed that the bond of George Q. Cannon should be paid. The Beck and Bullion Mine business was taken up and after a free discussion of the matter the brethren consented for President Taylor to guarantee the parties to the tune of one hundred thousand dollars. Who should become bondsmen. All of the Brethren expressed themselves as opposed to mining but the President. I gave some little offense to my brethren by my to candid expression of my feelings about the bond business.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

150 years ago today - Aug 27, 1871

[Brigham Young]

"Now, I wish to make this request: that the Elders who return from missions consider themselves just as much on a mission here as in England or in any other part of the world. There is no people need preaching to more than those who live in this Territory and in these mountains. The Latter-day Saints, or those who profess to be, need talking to just as much as a child who begins to prattle and run around the house. It gets into mischief continually and its mother has to keep talking to it to keep it from meddling with things that it should not. It does not know how to guide itself, and wants guiding and correcting all the time; but not more than the Latter-day Saints who gather together."

150 years ago today - Aug 27, 1871

"I will turn again to the Latter-day Saints and to the world, and will say I would to God that the Latter-day Saints would take the word of Brigham Young to be law! I will defy the inhabitants of the whole earth to tell one word that he ever counseled that was wrong; or to point out a path that he ever advised man or woman to walk in but would lead to light, life, glory, immortality, and to all that is good or desirable by the intelligence that dwells upon the earth. What do you say, is that boasting? If any person has a mind to call it boasting, do so."

150 years ago today - Aug 27, 1871

[Brigham Young]

"[T]ake the Bible just as it reads; and if it be translated incorrectly, and there is a scholar on the earth who professes to be a Christian, and he can translate it any better than King James's translators did it, he is under obligation to do so, or the curse is upon him. If I understood Greek and Hebrew as some may profess to do, and I knew the Bible was not correctly translated, I should feel myself bound by the law of justice to the inhabitants of the earth to translate that which is incorrect and give it just as it was spoken anciently. Is that proper? Yes, I would be under obligation to do it. But I think it is translated just as correctly as the scholars could get it, although it is not correct in a great many instances. But it is no matter about that. Read it and observe it and it will not hurt any person in the world. If we are not to believe the whole of the Bible, let the man, whoever he may be, among the professed Christians, who thinks he knows, draw the line"

[Journal of Discourses 14:226-227, in WikiQuotes: Brigham Young, http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Brigham_Young]

160 years ago today - Aug 27, 1861

A meeting was Held at the Historians Office to select a Company to go to Uinta valley. ... Presidet Young said ... I want a settlement there [Uinta valley] and I wish to pick my Company. The Gentiles will take possession of that valley if we do not & I do not wish them to have it. Anterro the Cheil of the Pampa Utes wish me to make a settlement there.

And I want to say a word to you Brother Bradley. I do not wish to Excuse you. I want you to go so that you Can neither make whiskey or get it. For any man that makes whiskey or Beer is quilty of putting the Cup to his Neighbors Lips and any man that will make whiskey to Sell here would sell the kingdom of God for a pickeyune.

I have shown by my acts what I think of whiskey making. I have the best still in the Territory and as soon as the Gentiles brought whiskey to this Territory I laid up my Still & I have not used it and I wish that all the whiskey that the Gentiles brought had been so filled with poison as to have killed all who drank it.

I despise the whiskey maker more than I do the Thieves. I have no fellowship for Either. If I had the power I would blow out the Brains of Evry thief in the Territory.... I would not kill a man who would make & sell whiskey & destroy the souls of men for dimes for I would co[nsider?] myself disgraced for I would want to kill a more [descent?] man if I killed any body.... Cursed be the man that puteth the Cup to his Neighbors Lips.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Aug 27, 1841

Robert Blashel Thompson (Joseph Smith's secretary), was an associate editor of the Times and Seasons in Nauvoo. From May to August 1841 he worked there with Don Carlos Smith. On 16 August 1841, at the age of 29, he was seized with the same disease that had stricken Don Carlos Smith, and died 9 days later. William Law later said he died under 'suspicious circumstances:' "I know that several men, six or seven, died under very suspicious circumstances. Among them were two secretaries of the prophet, Mulholland and Blaskel Thompson. I saw Mulholland die and the symptoms looked very suspicious to me. Dr. Foster, who was a very good physician, believed firmly that those six or seven men had been poisoned, and told me so repeatedly."

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

50 years ago today - Aug 26, 1971

During the church's first area conference in Manchester, England, there is a formal meeting of a joint council of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. This is the first such council meeting outside of the United States in Mormon history.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

120 years ago today - Aug 26, 1901

[Lorenzo Snow and Joseph F. Smith to apostle John W. Young]

Your wife Christine wrote to us recently representing herself to be in needy circumstance, and asking us to use our good offices to induce you to help her children. We wrote her in answer to this that on a previous occasion (about two years ago) she wrote a similar letter, and that you were communicated with respecting it, and that you answered in effect that inasmuch as it was a domestic affair it appeared only right and proper that she should address you direct regarding it. In reply to this letter Sister Christine has written again, from which we are sorry to learn that she failed to be informed of the contents of your letter referred to; and from her last letter quote as follows:

' ... I had neither home nor means, no parents, no relatives who were in a position to help me, he knew fully that there was nothing to keep me and his two children from want all these twelve years except the effort of my hands, and that my health was such as to make that effort a severe trial he too was mad acquainted with through letters from the children. ... I feel strongly that no man with a vestige of chivalry in his soul would humiliate a woman so as to force her to ask a favor of him that what in all human justice she has a right to claim as her due'the least reparation man can make for a life's happiness destroyed. ... '

We sympathize with Sister Young in the embarrassing position in which she is placed, and agree with her that she should not be required to ask for the assistance you may be able to render and which you should render her; and we trust therefore you will see your way clear to aid her, and that you will have the disposition to help her without further importuning on her part. We appreciate the fact that this is a delicate subject, and that you may feel sensitive about it, but there appears at present to be no other recourse for Sister Christine, and this must be our apology for writing you regarding it.

[Lorenzo Snow and Joseph F. Smith, Letter to John W. Young, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]