30 years ago today - Feb 7, 1993

Cody Robert Judy holds Apostle Howard W. Hunter hostage for ten minutes in front of 17,000 students at BYU as president of Twelve starts to give Sunday evening sermon at Marriott Center. Judy claims to hold a bomb but is physically attacked and subdued by male students and BYU security personnel.

Salt Lake stake president Paul A. Hanks writes a letter to historian D. Michael Quinn requesting Quinn to explain his "personal feelings about the church" in an apostasy investigation. Quinn is charged with apostasy in connection with his recent writings suggesting that Joseph Smith taught that women receive the priesthood as part of the sacred temple ritual, and for an article "150 Years of Truth and Consequences About Mormon History" in which Quinn chronicled the punitive actions taken through history against those who write about controversial topics of Mormon history."

90 years ago today - Feb 7, 1933

[Heber J. Grant]

John W. Silver called about doing temple work for his father, Joseph Silver. I told him of his father's dishonesty and of his misrepresenting things in connection with plural marriage and that we did not feel justified in allowing temple work to be done for him. Were we to do so it would be an acknowledgment that he and others who had violated the rules of the Church had done nothing very serious. I told him I was afraid we would have to leave his case in the hands of the Lord.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Feb 7, 1893

[President Wilford Woodruff]

I Appointed Joseph F Smith Lorenzo Snow & Abram H Cannon A Committee to see to the finishing the [Salt Lake] Temple to Employ Architects to furnishing patterns & specifications for the workmen to work to to its finishing inasmuch as J. D. Carloss Young is sick and not able to furnish Patterns to finish the work. They went to the Temple to Meet with the Architeck.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Feb 7, 1878

[Wilford Woodruff]

7 My Eyes are better this morning. I spent the day in the Temple. Gave Endowments to 214. Ordaind 88 Elders. Wrote 1 Letter to H. S. Eldridge for a Barrel of Temple Oil & wrote 1 to E. Snow about piping Engine Boiler &c 1 Letter to Bishop Samuel Roskelley total 3. Sealed 81 Couple Adopted 6. Sealed Children to parents 12. WW adopted 2 & sealed 6 Children. I met in the Evening with Samuel & Josiah Hardy and their wives.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Feb 7, 1878

At a meeting for the renegade "Conservative" ticket of the People's Party, the first speaker is Dr. J.M. Benedict (who is a member of the People's Central Committee for Salt Lake County). He complains that the regular People's convention is "influenced by previous manipulation." Benedict adds: "He was opposed to that unity produced by the bulk of the people doing as two or three men directed."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

165 years ago today - Feb 7, 1858

[Brigham Young]

We believe that we have been better taught, and that we are quite an enlightened people. Christian Europe and America deem themselves the most enlightened people upon the earth; and an equal self-confidence among those islanders is all that is wanting to make them believe that they know more than the Europeans and Americans. I have an idea that the Anglo-Saxon race possess more confidence in themselves and more worldly wisdom than any other nation upon the earth; yet take the people on the Sandwich and Society Islands, and the natives of these mountains and of the North and South America, or of any country where there are natives in their idolatry'"those whom we call ignorant, dark, benighted, lost, possessed of little or no knowledge, and let a person understanding the Priesthood visit them, and I will venture to say that we would find more and better traits of the Priesthood of God among them than can be found among the Christians.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Feb 7, 1853

Orson Spencer writes from Berlin that "upon obtaining an interview, or an investigation before the President of the King's Police, he and Elder Houtz were required to leave the Kingdom of Prussia the next morning at 8 o'clock under penalty of Banishment. Upon asking permission to remain 1 or 2 days as visitors and close a little business it was denied them; not one moment was granted past the hour of eight o'clock; . . ."

175 years ago today - Feb 7, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]

I was much edifyed in reading it. I spent the evening in reading the book of Jasher & was edifyed with that.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Feb 7, 1848

William A. Hickman's affidavit in first issue of church's FRONTIER GUARDIAN: "I do hereby solemnly declare that Mr. [Orson] Hyde never induced me to commit violence on the person of any man, either white or red." Apostle Hyde is editor.

180 years ago today - Feb 7, 1843

In the afternoon sent a warrant to Hiram Kimball's for the book of [patriarchal] blessings given by Father Smith [Joseph Smith Sr.] which was stolen from Far West. The affidavit /warrant/ was issued on affidavit of Johnathan Holmes and the book obtained.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1842-43, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

30 years ago today - Feb 6, 1993

The Church News, "Barriers Crumble: Interfaith Activities Build Bridges of Friendship."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

30 years ago today - Feb 6, 1993

At a meeting of the B. H. Roberts Society, David P. Wright, assistant professor of Hebrew Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Studies at Brandeis University and former professor at Brigham Young University until his dismissal, gives a talk "Do What is Right, Let the Consequence Follow: Telling the Truth about Our Scriptures." He describes his researches and concludes "A critical study of the Book of Mormon, as I have indicated, shows that Joseph Smith was its author, . . ." He concludes, "The spirit will generate in us commitment to our community, a sense of the relevance of our developing religious tradition, and a perception of the divine in our own and our spiritual ancestors' history But reasoned critical study must be allowed to guide us in our search for historical understanding and matters related thereto." Wright is excommunicated the next year for publishing such results of his research.

65 years ago today - Feb 6, 1958

French-Mission President Milton Christensen writes in his journal of his selection of missionary William Tucker as his second counselor. "The Lord truly blessed me in the selection of This Elder, who is very strong in the Gospel and who is loved by all the missionaries. I feel that together we will be able to accomplish a great deal in the French Mission." Unknown to President Christensen, William Tucker is the leader of what becomes the French Mission Apostasy resulting in the excommunication of nine missionaries including Tucker.

95 years ago today - Feb 6, 1928

The First Presidency approves the $50,000 purchase of the Hill Cumorah and farms in Palmyra, N.Y.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

100 years ago today - Feb 6, 1923

[Heber J. Grant]

Met. Joseph E. Richards, who is working in prohibition matters. He says the Ku Klux Klan are organizing in Salt Lake County. I regretted to hear this.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Feb 6, 1888

[James E. Talmage]

At the nominating convention of the People's Party, Talmage is nominated and elected as a city councilman from Provo's Third Ward.

In his journal Talmage writes that he "accepted [the position] only on the counsel of the [church] authorities, for I truly dislike political office".

In his biography John R. Talmage writes the following:

The reason for the urging of Church officials [for Talmage to take the position] was that the issue of preserving or repealing the ordinance prohibiting the sale of liquor within city limits was under hot debate and the People's Party wanted an able public speaker and dedicated champion for their cause. James was elected and he zealously fought for an anti-saloon ordinance in Provo, but it was a losing battle from the outset.

[MSS 229, Journal; Talmage Story, ch. 8; Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

140 years ago today - Feb 6, 1883

[John Nuttall]

... Can we receive Second Anointings for our dead fathers and mothers and others who we are proxy for? If your fathers and mothers were members of the Church in their lives and died as faithful members, Yes you can obtain Second Anointings for them, but if they and others who you are proxy for were NOT members of the Church in their lives, and for whom you have had certain ordinances performed in their behalf, it will be well to let that suffice for the present, as further opportunities may be granted hereafter.

[L. John Nuttall to J. Crosley, Feb. 6, 1883, emphasis in original, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

165 years ago today - Feb 6, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]

I Called upon president Young and found a company in his office reading the scraps sent from the states against Mormonism. There appears to be a fixed determination by the General Government to annihilate the saints of God from off the Earth & to destroy the last vestage of righteousness from among men.

O Hyde received a letter from Lucky Bill at Carson valley stating that there was a Company fitting out at Carson valley and at placerville to Come into our settlements for the purpose of robing and plundering. O Hyde wrote him a letter stating that He advised our friends if we had any [ ] not to ingage in a Contest against our people for God would smite them with Blindness and our Enemies would be given into our hands.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Feb 6, 1853

Brigham Young exhorts the Saints to "observe the Mormon Creed. Let everyone mind their own business." This "Mormon Creed" was first published by Joseph Smith in the Jun 11, 1842 edition of THE WASP: "Mormon Creed - To mind their own business and let everyone else DO LIKEWISE." When the Logan temple was dedicated in 1884 it contained an ornate, backpainted, glass fixture with the words: "Mormon Creed/Mind/Your Own Business/Saints/Will/Observe This/All Others Ought To." This piece has been displayed in the Museum of Church History and Art.

180 years ago today - Feb 6, 1843

City elections are held and Joseph is elected mayor by a unanimous vote.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Feb 5, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]

Elder Jno. H. Smith said that Brother Brigham Young, whom he had recently visited, besides being extremely sick, was distressed and worried about his financial condition. Besides the usual expenses of his family, he was extending assistance to a sick son in Mesa, Arizona. After some discussion it became the sense of the council that Brother Brigham be not allowed to suffer from financial embarrassment, and that, therefore, his wants be relieved.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Feb 05, 1898

[James E. Talmage]

According to previous appointment I went by morning train to Logan. During the afternoon I delivered a lecture in the Temple, under the auspices of the Temple Association; subject "Scientific methods and Motives."

[MSS 229, Journal; Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

140 years ago today - Feb 5, 1883 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon]

Reached Washington early in the morning. ... I received a dispatch from Prest. Taylor stating that my letter had not been received concerning the libel case and therefore my dispatch could not be understood and telling me to use my judgment. I sent him another dispatch to which he replied in the evening in cipher – "Your letter received. Will guarantee five thousand on total expenses."

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - Feb 5, 1878

[Zebedee Coltrin]

"[I] First saw the Prophet Joseph at a prayer meeting at the house of father Morley. He was then a beardless young man. During the meeting the powers of darkeness were made manifest in a remarkable degree, causing some to make horrid noises, and others to throw themselves violently around, One man by the name of Lemon Copley, standing at the back side of the house was taken by a supernatural power, and thrown into the window. Then Joseph said to Lyman `Go and cast the devil out of Lemon'. He did so, and the devil entered into a brother by the name of Harvey Green and threw him upon the floor in convulsions. Then Joseph laid hands upon him and rebuked the spirit from him and from the house, upon which the spirit left him, and went outside among a crowd of men standing near the door and made a swath among them several feet wide, throwing them violently to the ground. . . . "

At Kirtland we were called to the school of the prophets, and at one time when Joseph was in the translating room, myself and others were talking about the gift of tongues, when the spirit of tongues fell upon me and I spoke under its influence. joseph came into the room and said, `God bless you Brother Zebedee, that is the spirit of God.' He told me to continue, and the gift of tongues and prophecy rested upon the greater part of the brethren present and we continued speaking in tongues and prophesying through that day and the greater part of the following night. ....

"In the Kirtland Temple I have seen the power of God as it was in the day of Pentecost and cloven tongues as of fire have rested on the brethren and they have spoked with other tongues as the spirit gave them utterance. I say the Lord high and lifted up, and frequently through the solemn assemblies. The angeles of God rested upon the Temple and we heard their voices singing heavenly music. At another time while consecrating a bottle of oil, we saw visibly the finger of God enter the mouth of the bottle.

[Thomas Matley (Wark Clerk) notes of address of Zebedee Coltrin address, High Priests meeting in Spanish Fork, UT]

145 years ago today - Feb 5, 1878

[Wilford Woodruff]

James G Bleak gave an interesting lecture on the life of Joseph Smith. I followed him. There were Baptized in the Temple to day 1,132 the most Ever Baptized in the Temple in one day.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Feb 5, 1838

A Far West meeting of the "whole Church in Zion" votes to remove David Whitmer, John Whitmer, and W. W. Phelps from their positions as "Presidents of the Church" in Missouri. David Whitmer was accused of persisting "in the use of tea, coffee, and tobacco." All three men allegedly encouraged the sale of Jackson County lands, a transgression which Joseph Smith had earlier declared "a denial of our faith, as that is the place where the Zion of God shall stand, according to our faith and belief in the revelations of God."

Joseph Smith's secretary accuses him of "a system of hereditary tyranny." Several church leaders sign a statement that Joseph Smith Jr. and Sidney Rigdon "lie by revelation, swindle by revelation, cheat and defraud by revelation, runaway by revelation

50 years ago today - Feb 4, 1973

The Marriott Activities Center at BYU was dedicated. Seating 22,000, it was the largest such arena on any university campus in the United States.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

120 years ago today - Feb 4, 1903; Wednesday

Elder [B. H.] Roberts called attention to the following circumstances as modifying the doctrines of President Brigham Young's sermon delivered in Logan [Utah] on __________, and asked that it be spread upon the minutes so that it will tend to modify some of the statements of Pres[ident]. Young in the discourse alluded to.

... some questions arose concerning Priesthood, in which reference was made by President Rulon S. Wells to a discourse on Priesthood by the late President Brigham Young delivered in Logan, where he discussed the relative positions of High Priests and Seventies,--whereupon Pres[ident]. Joseph F. Smith related the following incident concerning that discourse.

" ... Henry W. Naisbett was the junior editor of the "Star" and "Journal of Discourses" Bro[ther]. Naisbett, seeing the discourse of President Young in the News, took it for granted that it must be published in the "Journal of Discourses" and consequently had it all set up and it was to go to press that evening in the last form. President Joseph F. Smith, however, objected to some of the doctrines of the discourse and told Bro[ther]. Naisbett that it must not be published. To this Bro[ther]. Naisbett demurred, when President Smith humorously remarked, "he did not know but what Bro[ther]. Naisbett would have him churched for refusing to publish a discourse of President Young's." Bro[ther]. Naisbett also urged that the periodical must come out in the morning and they had not other matter that they could use to take the place of the discourse, to which Pres[ident]. Smith replied--"It made no difference. That discourse could not be published." This ended the matter as between President Smith and Bro[ther]. Naisbett, but about twelve o'clock that same night Pres[ident]. Smith received a cablegram from Pres[ident]. Young asking him not to publish the discourse in question. "Whereupon", remarked President Smith, "there was a very happy man at #42 Islington that night."

[Excerpt from the Minutes of the First Council of the Seventy, February 11, 1903]

135 years ago today - Saturday, Feb 4, 1888

[John Henry Smith]

In the evening we had the high Council together and agreed to accept the resignation of Bp. Edward Hunter on account of bad health. We then tried to find another man for a bishop but we failed to find one who suited.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - Sunday, Feb 4, 1883

[John Henry Smith]

I feel better this morning than I have done for several days. ...

6:30 p.m. we met with the saints. I spoke 50 minutes. I did the talking and the Lord left me, I was dry and wearisome.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

145 years ago today - Feb 4, 1878

First ad in the Deseret News for "JACKSON'S BEST SWEET NAVY Chewing Tobacco," which appears directly under a large advertisement for "St. Louis Excelsior Lager Beer! Which we offer at LOWER RATES than any other first class beer in the market." Ads for chewing tobacco appear in the Deseret News (sometimes on the front page) through 2 Feb. 1880.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

155 years ago today - Feb 4, 1868

Deseret News editorializes that "it is a pity" an LDS father did not succeed in killing his daughter's seducer when the father "drew a revolver and shot him down in the court room."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Feb 4, 1863

[Wilford Woodruff]

In Company with G. A. Smith Jacob Hamblin & Wm. B Maxwell with the 3 Moquitch Indians I visited Presidet Brigham Young who seemed pleased with the interview. President Young gave them Each an Apple which they Eat with a good relish. The Moquitch Indians live in New Mexico about 125 Miles South East of the Colorado & 335 miles from St George. ... They are vary intelligent and light Colored. There are some with blue Eyes & Hazel Eyes and vary light hair but they have never mixed blood with any white men or other Indian tribes. ...

After leaving President Youngs I took them to the printing Office & showed the process of printing & Bookbinding & the telegraph Office. They were much pleased with what they saw. I took them home & gave them some dinner & Apples and Apricotts & plum pitts. Brother Hamblin took them to the stores & to the Theater in the Evening. They were much pleased with the scenery. They have Theaters at home & give good representations.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Feb 4, 1858

Brigham Young writes to missionaries in Hawaii, "You are all, without regard as to when you were sent, counselled to start for home as speedily as you can wind up your affairs and obtain passage money, not even leaving one Elder who has been sent there . . . Try to inform br Alvares Hanks and the Elders in Australia . . . that they are all recalled". He warns of the mounting threat of Johnston's Army, who, according to Young, intended to kill "every man, woman, and child" who would not renounce the religion.

170 years ago today - Feb 4, 1853

The temple site for the Salt Lake Temple is dedicated.

[Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

185 years ago today - Feb 4, 1838

Oliver Cowdery writes to his brothers Warren and Lyman: "The radical principles taught by Messrs. Smith and Rigdon here [are] subversion of the liberties of the whole church.- I told them if I had property, while I live and was sane, I would not be dictated, influenced, or controlled by any man or set of men, by no tribunal of ecclesiastical pretenses whatsoever.- My soul is sick of such scrambling for power and self-aggrandisement.- I came to this country to enjoy peace. If I cannot I shall go where I can."

15 years ago today - Feb 3, 2008

President Thomas S. Monson, a counselor to Presidents Ezra Taft Benson, Howard W. Hunter and Gordon B. Hinckley, was ordained and set apart as the 16th president of the Church. Set apart as his counselors were President Henry B. Eyring and President Dieter F. Uchtdorf.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

70 years ago today - Feb 3, 1953

Amateur historian Lamar Peterson was interviewing Levi Young when he mentions a "strange account of first vision", but says it must remain confidential.

[Chronology of Mormon History, http://followtheprophets.com/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

90 years ago today - Feb 3, 1933

[Heber J. Grant]

This morning had a chat with David O. McKay and Richard R. Lyman about Emily Smith Stewart and Vilate S. Raille's troubles. I feel that Brothers George Albert Smith and Richard R. Lyman are all wrong in their attempt to belittle May Anderson, that it is a very great mistake. The matter had been decided by Brother McKay and Bishop Sylvester Q. Cannon; and if the father and husband and relatives would tell these girls to behave themselves and quit talking it would be a great blessing. I fear serious consequences if they do not do it.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Feb 3, 1888

Apostle John Henry Smith and one of his two wives "attended a party at which a number of underground people [polygamists in hiding] met and had a nice party." Dr. Martha Hughes Cannon, plural wife of stake president Angus Cannon, writes to her husband from Europe, that the trials of polygamy would be unendurable without "a thorough knowledge from God, that the principle for which we are battling and striving to maintain in purity upon the earth is ordained by Him, and that we are chosen instruments in His hands to engage in so great a calling." She adds that "even with this assurance grounded in one's heart, we do not escape trials and temptations, grievious at times in their nature."

155 years ago today - Feb 3, 1868

[Wilford Woodruff]

I attended the School of the Prophets and herd many interesting remarks made upon the subjets of Asstrology and it was decided that Asstrology was in oposition to the work of God. Hence Saints Should not be ingaged in it.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Feb 3, 1868

President Young declared [to the School of the Prophets] that there were witches in the midst of the people by whose influence, suffering and distress were wrought upon many. -- Salt Lake City

[Journal History of the Church, Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 2 (2002), in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - Feb 3, 1863

[Wilford Woodruff]

The subject of the late fight with the bear River Indians was spoken of the History of which is as follows as far as we Can learn:

A Party of the Bannocks & Snakes have Joined to gether North of Bear River & have been killing gold diggers & Emigrants the past summer. The fore part of Winter Col Cornor sent a part of his Command to the Indians to get a white Boy that was among them. They got the Boy & killed 3 indians then returned to Camp Douglass near this City. Then the Indians Commenced killing more men. Col Cornor sent some 60 infantry & 13 Baggage waggons on the 22d Jan and on Sunday the 24 Jan some 300 Cavalry followed. They found the Indians Encamped near Bear river. They had to Ford the river in order to get to them. The Indians were Encamped in a Deep ravene. The Cavalry made a Charge upon them but were driven back by the Indians. They then left their Horses and made a Charge on foot & were again repulsed. The third time they made a Charge & rushed right into their midst & used there revolvers & shot as long as they Could find any thing to shoot at and the result of the Battle is reported to be 225 Indians killed 400 Horses taken and the Indian Encampment taken. The loss in Col Cornors Command is 17 dead, 40 wounded, & 70 badly frozen, 2 officers wounded.

It is reported that Lieut Darwin Chase (once a Mormon Elder) [was] Mortally wounded. ...

Col Cornor is bringing his dead & wounded into his Encampment to bury & doctor. It is Said that Bear Hunter the Chief of the band was killed & his scalp now in Camp Douglass.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Feb 3, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]

President Buchanan recommends a strong force against the saints and that 4 new regiments of men be raised against us. ... The United States are determined to anhilate the mormons. The war is now between God and the Devil and between Saints & Sinners. ... What trials and sacrafizes the Saints may be Called to pass through I do not know but I pray the Lord to give us grace equal to our day.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Feb 3, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]

3d I attended A feast prepared by the defenders of Nauvoo or those who were in the Battle of Nauvoo. ...

It was ascerted that there was not more than 100 saints at any one time in the fight while the mob that was fighting against the Saints numbered from 800 to 1,000. And their was but three of the Saints killed and one or two slightly wounded while there was several waggon loads of the mob killed & many wounded & the enemy driven from the field. But the Lord was with the Saints & saved their lives.

The Saints wore a read badge on the left arm to distinguish them from their enemies in the battle. They wore the same to day at the feast. At the opening of the performences President Kimball deliverd an Address upon the subject of the Battle of Nauvoo & was followed by Col Johnson, After which their was feasting singing music & some dancing. A figure was got up called the Battle of Nauvoo which was danced & the Saints felt to praise the Lord for their deliverance.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Feb 3, 1843

[Joseph Smith]

Friday, February 3d At home attending to Lesson in German. ... Read proof of Doctrin[e]s and Covenants [2nd edition, published in 1844].

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1842-43, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

60 years ago today - Feb 2, 1963

The Church News recommends the official biography of Hyrum Smith, which describes his family artifacts as including "Emblematic parchments" and a steel dagger with "Masonic symbols on blade." Photographs of these artifacts published in 1982 demonstrate that the parchments are "lamens" or parchments of ceremonial magic: one to summon a good spirit, another to ward off evil spirits and witches, and a third against thieves. Instead of "Masonic symbols," the Smith family's dagger is inscribed with the astrological sign of Mars, the magic sigil or seal for the Intelligence of Mars, and the zodiac sign for Scorpio. In astrology Mars is the governing planet for Joseph Smith Sr., whose non-Mormon neighbors claim he dug for treasure by drawing magic circles and using books of ceremonial magic.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

90 years ago today - Feb 2, 1933

[Heber J. Grant]

Had a talk with David O. McKay and Richard R. Lyman regarding Emily Smith Stewart and Vilate Schofield Raille's complaints against Sister May Anderson.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

90 years ago today - Feb 2, 1933

[George Albert Smith]

"Met with Council in temple. Was much distressed at the attitude of President Grant with reference to Vilate Raile and my daughter Emily. I feel that the mistake that has been made should be corrected and the girls vindicated. My nerves are all frayed out with anxiety."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

135 years ago today - Feb 2, 1888 • Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Council met at 10 o'clock this morning and the following dispatch, which was received this morning from Washington, was read:

These questions will be asked by Senate Committee Friday morning. How shall we answer? Will delay do, or shall we evade or equivocate? First: Do you think it is the honest intention of your people or of the majority of the people to abolish and suppress polygamy? Second: When you say your people acted in good faith in adopting Constitution, do you mean that it is their intention to abolish and suppress polygamy, or that it is merely their intention to prosecute those who violate the provision of the Constitution on that subject? Must be answered by Thursday sure.

... Bro. Penrose drew up a dispatch ... it was voted for unanimously:

"You know the situation. Answer as guided by Spirit at the time. Be firm and courageous. If by suppression of polygamy is meant the outrages now committed, answer should be No. If full enforcement of the law against future polygamy is meant, the answer is Yes. Intentions can only be deduced from actions and guarantees. Make interrogators define their questions, then your replies can be made suitable. You have our faith and support. You represent monogamous and voting citizens and can speak as we cannot. Go as far as may be necessary consistently and you will not be censured. Preserve political as distinct from Church attitude. Penrose says desired head will come sure."...

... Bro. M. Thatcher reported to the Council a proposition of Sister Lucy D. Young to sell the Bee Hive House and property to the Church. The price last named was $30,000./. This question was referred to the Committee ...

Discussion followed about an amendment to the U. S. Constitution prohibiting polygamy. I opposed this and gave my reasons therefor, and Bro. Jos. F. Smith made a motion that it be the sense of the Council that we do not favor such an amendment to the Constitution. Another motion was made that an Enabling Act be prepared to present whenever necessary.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

175 years ago today - Feb 2, 1848

[Hiram Page to William Mclellin]

... when Joseph was first visited by the angel and had the promise of the plates, it was told him no one should have them to get gain and in concequence of not being satisfied with wisdom from on high by the mouth of the angel he was deprived of the privilege of obtaining those plates for 2 years. here we find Joseph erred by his over anxious desire for filthy lucre, again we find in conciquence of the same caus[e] he lost the 116 pages of the first of his translating ... This was an error in him altho[ugh] it was a permit by revelation as also that of going to Canada. ... Joseph he[a]rd that there was a chance to sell a copyright in canada for any useful book that was used in the States[.] Joseph thought this would be a good opertunity to get a handsom[e] Sum of money which was to be (after the expencis were taken out) for the exclusive benefit of the Smith famaly and was to be at the disposal of Joseph accordingly Oliver Cowdery[,] Joseph Knights, Hiram Page and Joseah Stoel [Josiah Stowell] were chosen (as I understood by revilation) to do the buisaness; we were living some 30 to 100 miles apart[.] the necesary preporation was made (by them) in a Sly manor So as to keep martin Har[r]is from drawing a Share of the money, it was told me we were to go by revilation but when we assembled at father Smiths; there was no revilation for us to go but we were all anctious to get a revilation to go; and when it came we were to go to kingston where we were to Sell if they would not harden their hearts; but when we got their; there was no purcheser neither were they authorized at kingston to buy rights for the provence; but little york was the place where Such buisaness had to be done; we were to get 8,000 dollars[.] we were treated with the best of respects by all we met with in kingston--by the above we may See learn how a revilation may be rece[i]ved and the one person rece[i]ving it not be benefited. ... pleas[e] read this to all the bretharin & in peticular to brother Martin Haris he can testafy to the truth of some things here in mentioned which perhaps you may be ignorant of, ...

Hiram Page

[Hiram Page to William E. McLellin, 2 February 1848, typescript, Accretion Papers, Community of Christ Library-Archives, Independence, Missouri., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Hiram Page To William E. Mclellin]

175 years ago today - Feb 2, 1848

The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed. This ends the Mexican War and transfers the Great Basin to the United States. The Mormons find themselves again under U.S. jurisdiction after less than a year away from it.

185 years ago today - Feb 2, 1838

[Wilford Woodruff]

Left Capt Hopkins & as we walked by the Schoolhouse No 5th the children came out and hooted & mocked at us as they did Elisha when they said go up thou bald head. As with the Parent so with the child.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - 1833 ca. February 2 - May 6

[Joseph Smith bible translation]

Manuscript: OT 2 (Dictated MS), 86-111

Text: About Psalm 17 to about Isaiah.

Scribe: Frederick G. Williams

Notes: "The Songs of Solomon are not Inspired writings". Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio [Joseph records, "I completed the translation and review of the New Testament, on the 2nd of February, 1833 and sealed it up, no more to be opened till it arrived in Zion."

[Marquardt, H. Michael, The Four Gospels According to Joseph Smith, Xulon Press (2007), Chronology: Joseph Smith's Bible Revision, 1830-1835]

135 years ago today - Feb 1, 1888

Brother [Charles W.] Penrose reminded the Council that it was time to suggest names for Probate Judges for the President to appoint ... John Henry Smith moved that President [Wilford] Woodruff appoint a committee of three to seek for proper persons form various counties to submit to the President for nomination. [Note: The committee was composed of Lorenzo Snow, Franklin D. Richards, and John Henry Smith.]

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - Feb 1, 1878

Under threat of excommunication by John Taylor, apostles George Q. Cannon, Brigham Young Jr., and Albert Carrington (as Brigham Young's legal executors) agree to transfer 2/3 of his estate to Taylor as the Trustee-in-Trust.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

165 years ago today - Feb 1, 1858

President Young told a dream which he had last saturday night. He said I saw two United States officers and I told them the History of this Church and our doctrins and I told them that the United States must not send any more armies here. If they did I should let loose the dogs of war upon them and I told them they must remove the army now upon our borders or we should destroy them.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Feb 1, 1843

In a poetic exchange with W. W. Phelps ("The Answer. To W. W. Phelps, esq. A Vision") Joseph Smith paraphrased D&C 76 in verse form, and it was printed in the Times and Seasons [IV:6], pp. 82-85. In stanza 20, Joseph Smith, speaking of all the worlds created by Christ, adds:

Whose inhabitants, too, from the first to the last,

Are sav'd by the very same Saviour of ours ...

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

180 years ago today - Feb 1, 1843

In the Times and Seasons, John Taylor announces that he expects to print "further extracts from the Book of Abraham" by Joseph Smith. (This never happens.)

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Feb 1, 1838

[Wilford Woodruff]

We saw a sign in the heavens. It had the appearence of a full Moon about ten feet under the Sun.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Feb 1, 1833

Temperance society eliminates distillery in Kirtland and nearby Mentor.

[Chronology of Mormon History, http://followtheprophets.com/chronology-of-mormon-history/]