105 years ago today - May 15, 1917

Closing date to enter the Presiding Bishopric's contest: "With a view of stimulating the production of foodstuffs which may be badly needed in these war times,.the Trustee-in-Trust offers to any ward quorum of the priesthood, or any ward Relief Society, Young Men's or Young Ladies' Mutual Improvement Association, Sunday School, Primary Association or Religion Class, for the best yield from one acre of potatoes, $1,000; for the second best, $500; third best, $250; and for the best yield from five acres of spring wheat, $1,000; for second best, $500; third best, $250."

140 years ago today - May 15, 1882

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 I received a letter from A. F. McDonald. Sister Hamblin Called and asked some advice.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 15, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

15th There was 701 Baptized to day for the dead. J D T McAllister sealed 1 Couple. I was vary weak through the day. Rested well at night.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - May 15, 1872

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 I spent the day Making fence.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

Returns to Salt Lake City

[Kenney, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah, http://bit.ly/wwjournal]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

15 We drove to Lehi and dined. We then drove to Great salt Lake City and there met with a warm reception by meeting with Ten thousand Men, women & Children parraded in the street with there banners a flying bareing mottoes. It was a glorious Sight. 55 M.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 15, 1862 - Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Thursday, May 15th, 1862. I slept very soundly all night and felt much refreshed this morning. There was more motion than there had been and it affected me to unpleasantly to a slight extent. I was able to eat a light breakfast. We came in sight of Queenstown a few minutes after 11 a.m. and dropped anchor about 1/2 past 11. This harbor is most beautiful and the surrounding country presents a very fine appearance. The surface of the bay is as smooth as glass and everything is pleasing to look upon. There are a number of vessels lying at anchor in the harbor. This place, until the Queen's visit to Ireland, was called the Cove of Cork. She landed here, and it changed its name and since then it has grown into an importance which it previously did not possess. Cork is 10 miles up the river. We expect to remain here until nearly 4 p.m. I wrote a long letter to Elizabeth. Loaded all the steerage passengers we could carry and some more Cabin do.

I have been very sea-sick since we left Queenstown and was unable to eat on Friday and Saturday, the 16th and 17th. By lying down, when I wished to keep still, I was able to avoid vomiting; but if I attempted to sit or stand for during several days I was sure to be sick. As it was very stifling and oppressive in the State Room, I kept on deck as much as possible, and by walking constantly I was able to keep up. Bro. Rich was almost all the time well; he only missed one meal; but Bro's Lyman, Dame and Cousin George were very sick; Bro. Van Cott did not escape, though not as sick as the others named. Next to Bro. Rich, very much to my surprise and agreeable disappointment, I was the least sick. I missed but few meals and when able to sit down to the table my appetite was very hearty. From the time we left <the> Channel we had a constant head wind, blowing right in our teeth. Some of the time it was squally and very rough. The vessel behaved handsomely and evinced splendid staunch, sea-going qualities.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - May 15, 1862 - Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]

Thursday, May 15th, 1862. I slept very soundly all night and felt much refreshed this morning. There was more motion than there had been and it affected me [DEL: to] unpleasantly to a slight extent. I was able to eat a light breakfast. We came in sight of Queenstown a few minutes after 11 a.m. and dropped anchor about 1/2 past 11. This harbor is most beautiful and the surrounding country presents a very fine appearance. The surface of the bay is as smooth as glass and everything is pleasing to look upon. There are a number of vessels lying at anchor in the harbor. This place, until the Queen's visit to Ireland, was called the Cove of Cork. She landed here, and it changed its name and since then it has grown into an importance which it previously did not possess. Cork is 10 miles up the river. We expect to remain here until nearly 4 p.m. I wrote a long letter to Elizabeth. Loaded all the steerage passengers we could carry and some more Cabin do.

I have been very sea-sick since we left Queenstown and was unable to eat on Friday and Saturday, the 16th and 17th. By lying down, when I wished to keep still, I was able to avoid vomiting; but if I attempted to sit or stand [DEL: for] during several days I was sure to be sick. As it was very stifling and oppressive in the State Room, I kept on deck as much as possible, and by walking constantly I was able to keep up. Bro. Rich was almost all the time well; he only missed one meal; but Bro's Lyman, Dame and Cousin George were very sick; Bro. Van Cott did not escape, though not as sick as the others named. Next to Bro. Rich, very much to my surprise and agreeable disappointment, I was the least sick. I missed but few meals and when able to sit down to the table my appetite was very hearty. From the time we left .the. Channel we had a constant head wind, blowing right in our teeth. Some of the time it was squally and very rough. The vessel behaved handsomely and evinced splendid staunch, sea-going qualities.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852. Saturday.

[William Clayton]

At 20 minutes to 2 P.M. we arrived and halted on Corn Creek, having travelled 21 1/4 miles. A number of the Pauvan Indians were here to beg, and wanted to trade a female child for a gun and two blankets, but none of the brethren appeared disposed to give as much.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852 - Saturday

[George Q. Cannon]

There had been a woman baptised who belonged to the <other> Church; she called upon Bros. Napela and Uaua to administer to her for her disease which was something resembling dropsy [edema]—she tried various remedies but without any benefit—she was willing to covenant that she would forsake her sins and be baptised—they done according and the swelling left her and she was baptised. She attended meeting last Sunday; and afterwards made remarks derogatory to the work, and her swelling returned.

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, 1855–1875, Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

170 years ago today - May 15, 1852 (Saturday)

Wm. Willes reported 189 members of the Church in Calcutta and vicinity, India, of whom 170 were "Ryots," who previously professed Christianity.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - May 15, 1842

[Wilford Woodruff]

Vengance is mine. I will repay saith The Lord.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 15, 1842

[Wilford Woodruff]

May 15th 1842 Sunday True information has just reached us that the Noted Governor Boggs of Missouri who By his orders expeled ten thousand Latter Day Saints, Has just Been assassinated in his own house & fallen in his own Blood. Three Ball wer shot through his head two through his Brains & one through his mouth, tongue & throat. Thus this ungodly wretch has fallen in the midst of his iniquity & the vengance of God has overtaken him at last & he has met his Just deserts though by an unknown hand.... Thus Boggs hath died as a fool dieth & gone to his place to receive the reward of his works.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - 1842 by mid-May

[Hyrum Smith]

Becomes master pro tem of the Nauvoo Masonic Lodge.

[Jeffrey S. O'Driscoll, Hyrum Smith: A Life of Integrity, A Brief Chronology of the Life of Hyrum Smith: 1800-1844]

10 years ago today - May 14, 2012

There is public criticism in the Netherlands of the Mormon practice of baptism by proxy after a Dutch newspaper revealed May 9 that several members of the royal family were posthumously "baptized" into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, colloquially known as the Mormon church.

The daily newspaper Trouw quoted unpublished documents in the Mormon church's global genealogical database that show the late Queen Juliana, her husband Prince Bernhard and Queen Beatrix's late husband Prince Claus were all baptized as Mormons after their deaths.

[The Christian Century]

45 years ago today - May 14, 1977

Aaronic Priesthood and Young women changed to simply Young Men and Young women, and a General Presidencies of each program reinstated.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

45 years ago today - May 14, 1977

A bishops central storehouse, the second in the Church and first outside of Salt Lake City, opened at Colton, Calif.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

70 years ago today - May 14, 1952

[J. Reuben Clark]

[In conversation with F. B. Whitman, president of Western Pacific R.R. regarding a replacement on the board of directors:] ... President Clark said he thought his course was the wisest one, that apparently from what he said, they are in the situation where if the Jews once get in they might control the whole situation. Mr. Whitman said he was not too disturbed about that, but he was watching it. President Clark said that he did not see how they could avoid putting Weismann on, if he could force it [by virtue of his stock control], that he thought his plan was wise, that they not increase the Directors at the time, but they might later. Mr. Whitman said he was not too disturbed about getting the Jews on, but Pres. Clark said he would be greatly disturbed about it.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

180 years ago today - May 14, 1842 - Saturday

[Joseph Smith]

Saturday 14. City council. Advocated strongly the necessity of some active measures being taken to suppress. houses & acts of infamy in the city; for the protection of the innocent & virtuous— & good of public morals shewing clearly that there were certain characters in the place who were dis posed to corrupt the morals & chastity of our citizens & that houses of infamy did exist.— upon which a city ordinance was passed to prohibit such things & published in this days wasp.— <I> Also. spoke Largely for the repeal of the Laws ordinances of the City Licen[s]ing. Merchents. Hawkers Tavern & Ordinaries. desiring that this might be a free people. & enjoy equal rights & Priviliges. & the ordinan[c]es were repealed.— ...T his day it was first hinted in Nauvoo that Ex govenor [Lilburn W.] Boggs of Missouri had been shot.

[Joseph Smith, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842 in "The Book of the Law of the Lord," Record Book, 1841–1845]

180 years ago today - May 14, 1842

Nauvoo endowment introduces same grips, tokens, signs, and penalties as the Masonic ceremony except one.

[David Buerger, Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship, Chapter 3: Joseph Smith's Ritual]

30 years ago today - May 13, 1992

Apostle Dallin H. Oaks testifies before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights in support of the proposed Religious Freedom Restoration Act. This is designed to overturn the U.S. Supreme Court's 1990 decision which invoked Reynolds vs. the United States to prohibit use of peyote as a religious sacrament by Native American Indians. Oaks makes a similar appearance on 26 Sept. before the Judiciary Committee of the U.S. Senate. The LDS church joins such diverse religious organizations as the Church of Scientology in promoting this bill for which the First Presidency publicly thanks Congress at its passage on 27 Oct. 1993. President Bill Clinton signs it into law on 18 Nov.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

35 years ago today - May 13, 1987

The B.H. Roberts Society presents a forum entitled, ,Is Salvation a Laughing Matter? or Laugh Now. . ..It May Be Straight Beyond the Gate." It is a look at satire and LDS society. "It was also a circus of comic talent and a groundling's-eye of low comedy in the celestial fast lanes of LDS culture. Five Mormon artists presented a mixture of performance and commentary: a writer [William Wilson], an editorial cartoonist [Calvin Grondahl], a novelist [Levi S. Peterson], and two actors [James Arrington and Darryl Christensen]." Cartoonist Grondahl comments, "We are cautioned in the Church. about being light-minded, but I don't think there is anything light minded about humor. I think it is a very serious thing." The Public Broadcasting Service documentary "The Mormons: Missionaries to the World" premiers across the United States. Even before airing, the film engages controversy, culminating in a letter to all U.S. LDS wards from Howard W. Hunter, acting president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. The letter acknowledges that the Church cooperated with the film's production but distances the institution from the final product. There were also press stories about the Church's protest to PRS and KCTS, the local affiliate that produced the documentary. The documentary showcased the LDS missionary program but also had interviews from former Mormons and one missionary who left his mission early.

50 years ago today - May 13,1972

May Presidency letter that "fluoridation of public water supplies to prevent tooth decay" is one of the "non-moral issues" that Mormons should vote on "according to their honest convictions." John Birch Society, which Apostle Ezra Taft Benson and many other Mormons support, is condemning fluoridation as a Communist "plot."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

125 years ago today - May 13, 1897; Thursday

Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith narrated the personal conversation he and Elder Orson Pratt had with William McLellan, in 1878, who had once been an Apostle in the Church. McLellan then bore a strong testimony to Brothers Pratt and Smith of divinity of Mormonism and the Book of Mormon, and in the same breath condemned the Prophet Joseph Smith and many of our leading men. His demeanor however was such as to convey the impression that he felt he had made a fool of himself, but had gone so far that he could not retrace his steps.

Elder F[ranklin]. D. Richards mentioned the manner and language of Lyman Wight at a meeting after he had been cut off the Church. Pres[ident]. [Brigham] Young and Elder Heber C. Kimball met Lyman Wight on the street as they were going to a meeting, and invited him to accompany them. He went and at the meeting asked permission to speak. He bore a strong testimony to the divinity of the work, and said he would give his right arm if he could only feel as he used to, but admitted that he could not.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

165 years ago today - May 13, 1857

"The murder of Apostle Parley P. Pratt in Arkansas by disgruntled legal husband of his last plural wife. Newspaper accounts of Pratt's murder reach Salt Lake City on 23 June. It should be noted that legal divorces were not as common in this period as they are today. Eleanor McLean had fled from her abusive husband. She fled from San Francisco for Utah considering herself an ""unmarried woman."" Arriving in Utah, she worked in Parley's home as a schoolteacher and became his 12th plural wife. Hector, her estranged husband, pursued Parley and eventually caught up with him in Arkansas where he McLean shot and stabbed Pratt. As Pratt was bleeding to death, a farmer asked what he had done to provoke the attack. Pratt said, ""He accused me of taking his wife and children. I did not do it. They were oppressed, and I did for them what I would do for the oppressed any where."" (Wikipedia entry)//For an interesting interview from decedents of Parley P. Pratt (and also the author of the recent biography, Parley P. Pratt: The Apostle Paul of Mormonism), listen to the following episode of Legacy: http://www.mormonchannel.org/legacy/40"

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

175 years ago today - May 13, 1847

[Wilford Woodruff]

I dreamed last night we had arived at our Journeys end whare we were to build up a stake of Zion. As we came onto the place there was An open vision of A temple presented before me. I asked some brethren that stood by me If they saw it. They said they did not. I gazed upon it & it was glorious. It appeared as though it was built of white & blue stone. The sight of it filled me with Joy and I awoke & behold it was a dream. 11 m.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 13, 1842

Joseph Smith Jr. and Sidney Rigdon discussion "concerning certain evil reports put in circulation by Francis M. Higbee, about some of Elder Rigdon's family, and others; much apparent satisfaction was manifested at the conversation, by Elder Rigdon." This may be regarding a proposal by JS to Rigdon's daughter Nancy.

180 years ago today - May 13, 1842

Joseph Smith writes to a creditor: "you will probably be apprised of the failure of myself and brethren to execute our designs in paying off our contracts, or in other words, that we have been compelled to pay our debts by the most popular method; that is by petitioning for the privilege of general bankruptcy, a principle so popular at the present-throughout the United States."

110 years ago today - May 12, 1912

The Church Board of Education approves the "seminary near Granite High" in Salt Lake City. An innovation recommended by the Granite Stake presidency, this first LDS seminary opens the following September with seventy LDS high school students. Thomas J. Yates, an engineer, is the first teacher in what remains the church's only seminary during the next four years. In 1916 the church's second high school seminary opens in Mt. Pleasant, Utah. This grows into a released-time program wherever legal in the western states and into early morning seminary programs everywhere else (beginning September 1950 in California).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Dec 5, 1887

Eliza R. Snow died in Salt Lake City.

[Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

155 years ago today - May 12, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]

G. Q. Cannon read the 9 ch of Heb & 10 ch 28, 29 verses on the Blood of Christ. John Taylor spok upon the Attonemet 46 minuts W Woodruff 9, G. Q. Cannon 21, & Presidet Young 30 Minuts. All spoke upon the Attonement to do away with the Herrisy which A Lyman had been preaching against the Atonemet.

President Young said There never was any world Created & Peopled Nor never would be but what would be redeemed by the sheding of the blood of the Savior of that world. If we are Ever Exhalted and Crowned in the presence of God we shall become Saviors of a world which we shall Create & People. ... Adam made this world and Suffered himself to take a body and subject himself to sin that Redemption & Exaltation might Come to man. ... It is an Eternal gospel and the same in all worlds and always will be to the Endless ages of Eternity. There never was a period but what worlds Exhisted & never will be, and they all have the same Gospel & Law of Salvation.

Amasa Lyman is rejecting the Blood of Christ. Has Cut himself off from the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and he cannot be restored to it in this probation. He has had a chance to be a great Man in this Kingdom. He never was Joseph Smith's Councillor but was a Thirteenth Apostle for a long time.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 12, 1852

William A. Hickman tells Mosiah Lyman Hancock, a loyal Mormon, that Brigham Young instructs him to "kill Gentiles [non-Mormons] and take their property for the good of the Church," but Young` denies this to Hancock on 3 July. However, it should be cautioned that if this was taken from Hickman's supposed autobiography, "Brigham Young's Destroying Angel," the inaccuracies have been widely acknowledged. Hickman himself later commented that he had been promised $5,000 from a critic of Brigham Young to write Hickman's autobiography, and that it was a lie "from the wild boar story forward" (Orson Whitney's History of Utah).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - May 12, 1847. Wednesday.

[William Clayton]

Morning cool, weather fine. Brother Appleton Harmon has completed the machinery on the wagon so far that I shall only have to count the number of miles instead of the revolution of the wagon wheel . . .

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

180 years ago today - May 12, 1842 - Thursday

[Joseph Smith]

Thursday 12 Dictated a Letter to President Rigden concerning certain difficulties or surmises which existed [[The correspondence between JS and Rigdon has not been located. Some sources suggest that the difficulties between the two men stemmed from an alleged marriage proposal on the part of JS to Sidney Rigdon's nineteen-year-old daughter, Nancy. Other evidence suggests that bad feelings developed after JS reproved Nancy for immoral behavior. The nature of the sources precludes any firm conclusions.]] ...

[Joseph Smith, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842 in "The Book of the Law of the Lord," Record Book, 1841–1845]

5 years ago today - May 11, 2017

The LDS Church announces it will stop participating in the Varsity and Venturing scouting programs in 2018.

[Wikipedia, 21st Century (Mormonism), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/21st_century_(Mormonism)]

55 years ago today - May 11, 1967

Counselor Hugh B. Brown informed a church member in May 1967 that "numerous others" had complained about Benson's continued association with [Billy James] Hargis and the apostle's implied endorsement of his segregationist views. The First Presidency "are taking it to the Twelve as soon as Brother Benson returns from Europe as we prefer to have him present when the matter is discussed." Brown gave the reassurance that Benson's "activities in this connection will be curtained [curtailed]."

[Brown to Burns S. Hanson, 11 May 1967, carbon copy cross-referenced to "Hargis, Billy James," in "Hugh B. Brown File on the John Birch Society." From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

105 years ago today - May 11, 1917

At the council meeting of First Presidency and Twelve held July 20, 1916, $1,000 was appropriated to assist in meeting the expense attending the efforts then being put forth in favor of statewide prohibition, as an offset to the efforts that were at that time being made by the opponents of prohibition, known as the Greater Business Men's League. Please pay this amount to president Heber J. Grant, who represents the Anti-Saloon League of America.

[Anthon H. Lund and Charles W. Penrose, Letter to Arthur Winter, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - May 11, 1892 • Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]

We had a call from Brother Elijah Box, of Brigham City, who informed us that he had been asked to resign the position of Sunday school supt. of his Ward. He says his offense consisted in differing with the City Council in relation to the establishing of water works in Brigham City. He claims that he has not been guilty of anything that would justify this severe action against him. ...

Professor Talmage has just returned from a visit to the southeastern part of the Territory, where he had gone under the direction of the First Presidency, the brethren having received letters while I was in the East from a man by the name of Llewellyn Harris, who had represented the extraordinary discoveries which he had made of hieroglyphics and figures on rocks and also archealogical ruins of cities. Brother Talmage had traveled considerable distance and over a very rough country to see the things reported by Brother Harris, and had brought back with him a small slab of rock which Harris declared contained a remarkable figure. The fact is, the man is evidently crazy, and when Brother Talmage failed to see what he said the face of the rocks contained, he declared that he saw them by the Spirit, and that Brother Talmage had not the Spirit. This slab that he brought contains no markings, only those produced by the erosion of the elements....

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - May 11, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]

There was given at the Temple 108 Endowments. 42 Elders ordained. D H Cannon sealed 13 J McAllister 19. 1 Adopted for the dead.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 11, 1847

Appleton Milo Harmon constructs the Mormon pioneer "Roadometer" (odometer) according to Orson Pratt-s design and William Clayton's original suggestion. The next day it is attached to Clayton's wagon and relieves Clayton of the task of counting individual rotations of a wagon wheel which he has been doing until now.

180 years ago today - May 11, 1842

Church leaders announce that John C. Bennett will be disfellowshipped. Orson Pratt refuses to sign the announcement. Pratt's wife, Sarah, had accused Joseph Smith of trying to seduce her. Joseph had accused John C. Bennett of being the one involved with Sarah Pratt Joseph's main defense was that Bennett engaged in spiritual wifery, and Joseph did not do such a thing.

Hiram accuses John C. Bennett of performing abortions. Sarah Pratt later claims the abortions were for Joseph Smith, Jr. Another charge for John Bennett in the notes that is not published is "Buggery" in the ranks of the Nauvoo Legion.

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

45 years ago today - May 10, 1977

Fundamentalist leader Rulon C. Allred is murdered in his office by two plural wives ("Lambs of God") from Ervil LeBaron's group. This is the most publicized of several murders which Ervil orders, and his death threats include LDS president Spencer W. Kimball. His actions disenchant all but the most devout LeBaron followers. Allred's death leads to close cooperation between law-enforcement agencies and various groups of the non-violent Fundamentalist mainstream, which ultimately benefits from this greater understanding. For ordering the murder LeBaron is imprisoned in a Utah penitentiary, where he dies of a heart attack in 1981. The women who murder Allred are acquitted by a Utah jury, and in 1990 one of them publicly admits to committing the murder.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - May 10, 1897 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon at the Whitehouse]

... And what were my reflections during this interview! What a change has taken place! Senators and Representatives esteeming it an honor, according to their own statements, to be in the company of a delegation from Utah headed by a "Mormon" Apostle! ...

[The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

165 years ago today - May 10, 1857 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]

With regard to the elders becoming connected with the Lamanites, when this mission was called there were several others called at the same time, and they were all instructed to become identified with the nations by marriage at least there were sufficient instructions given for them to understand, that; had the spirit of 'A. It has been urged upon you this morning but I do not urge it upon you. If you do not feel the spirit of it do not enter into it. When this is to take place, the spirit will dictate and urge it upon them. We cannot come to a knowledge of the truth in one year, neither can we bring them to a knowledge of God all at once. It will take time and a great deal of patience to accomplish this great work. We must have patience, we cannot hurry these matters. In relation to the brethren connecting themselves with the Indians here. I do not feel to urge it upon the brethren; because I believe there is not a squaw here that if she was married to any of the brethren would prove true to them. Upon closing he blessed the brethren. -- Fort Limhi, Idaho

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

185 years ago today - May 10, 1837

The panic of 1837 begins when U.S. banks in New York cease making specie payments. The panic causes widespread bank closures throughout the United States and contributes to the failure of the Kirtland Anti-Banking Safety Society, leading to major apostasy among the Saints in Kirtland.

65 years ago today - Thu May 9, 1957

[David O. McKay]

President Jay A. Quealy, Jr., of the Honolulu Stake telephoned from Honolulu. Said that [former Presiding Patriarch, released do to homosexual activity] Joseph F. Smith's son's farewell is this coming Sunday night. The missionary son is requesting that his father speak at the farewell. President Quealy asked if he could give Brother Smith permission to speak on this occasion. I answered that I suppose there is nothing we can do but let him speak, so permission was granted.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

110 years ago today - May 9, 1912

[James E. Talmage]

Today Elder Hyrum Gibbs Smith, who, on April 6th last was sustained by the general conference as the Presiding Patriarch of the Church, was ordained a High Priest and a Patriarch, and set apart as Presiding Patriarch of the Church by President Joseph F. Smith... The new Patriarch was born July 8th 1879 at South Jordan, Salt Lake County, Utah, and is the son of Hyrum Fisher Smith, still living in Provo, Utah; and the grandson of the former Presiding Patriarch, John Smith, lately deceased. The matter of selecting a successor to John Smith in this exalted office was referred to the Council of the Twelve, and after investigation, that Council nominated to the First Presidency, Hyrum Gibbs Smith. As is understood by all students of our system of Church organization, the office of Presiding Patriarch of this dispensation, and is indeed the only hereditary office in the Church. In this instance the son of the late Patriarch, and father of the new Patriarch, viz., Hyrum Fisher Smith, was not considered worthy of this high ordination. The newly ordained Patriarch is understood to have been a man of honorable life and not one who needs reformation to make him eligible. We all rejoice that this high office is again filled. [The traditionally hereditary office of Presiding Patriarch is discontinued on Oct. 6, 1979.]

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

110 years ago today - May 9, 1912

Church Board of Education approves "seminary near Granite High" in Salt Lake City. Innovation recommended by Granite Stake presidency, this first LDS seminary opens following Sep with seventy LDS high school students. Thomas J. Yates, an engineer, is first teacher in what remains church's only seminary during next four years. In 1916 church's second high school seminary opens in Mt. Pleasant, Utah. This grows into released-time program wherever legal in western states and into early morning seminary program everywhere else (beginning Sep 1950 in California).

120 years ago today - May 9, 1902

The First Presidency writes to temple president David H. Cannon "in answer to a series of questions propunded [sic] by him to them. Re: must a person administering the Second Anointings in the Temple be clothes [sic] in his Priestly apparel when administering same? Ans: President Young considered that it was absolutely necessary 'before the completion of our Temples,' but that when done in the Temple this was optional and no longer required. 'after the completion of the Temples this was changed under the direction of President Young himself.'"

130 years ago today - May 9, 1892

[Wilford Woodruff]

At the Close of the Meeting I went to the Temple & Had Joseph Hall & his Father Adopted to me & several others Adopted to me.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - May 9, 1887

[John Taylor]

The most successful missions that have been performed in the Church, have been through the labors of elders who had not received their second anointing. Those who receive this ordinance at the present time are men well advanced in years, who have been faithful for long years in the Church and who are almost ready to pass away.

[John Taylor to Robert Henry Ford, May 9, 1887, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

165 years ago today - May 9, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]

The three indians that stole my horses had killed them & threatened of killing both men cattle & Horses so we made arangement to have the Chiefs take those three Indians & we would Confine them in the penetentiary. We appointed a Committee to go & see the Chiefs & attend to the business. I then left some presents for the Indians.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 9, 1847. Sunday.

[William Clayton]

According to my calculations, we are now 300 miles from Winter Quarters, lacking a few rods. I got a small board and wrote on it "From Winter Quarters 300 miles, May 9, 1847. Pioneer Camp all well. Distance according to the reckoning of W Clayton." This was nailed on a post and in the evening I went and set it up about 300 yards from here on a bend of the river. ... At 3 P.M. a meeting was called and the Camp addressed by several. President Young took tea with Elder Kimball, and afterwards they started out together, with one or two others to look at the country ahead of us . . .

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

190 years ago today - May 9, 1832

Church members in various branches condemn the vision of three heavenly degrees as devilish because of its universalist rejection of heaven and hell. Brigham Young (hereafter Young) is among those who initially doubt the vision. Missionaries in the U.S. excommunicate these disbelievers for the next two years. This occurs again in England (1837-39) when new converts learn of the "Three Degrees of Glory" doctrine, later published by the LDS church as Doctrine and Covenants, section 76.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]