115 years ago today - Apr 24, 1902

RULES FOR THE REGULATION OF TEMPLE WORK Adopted by the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, at a meeting held in the Salt Lake Temple; April 24th, 1902. ... (5) Males under 21 and females under 18 can be baptized for their health. They can also be baptized for the dead, and sealed to their parents. All over 8 years old must be properly recommended by the Bishop of the Ward and the President of the Stake in which they reside. (6) A female who has a husband or marries a man not in the Church cannot be admitted to the Temple to receive her endowments. The same rule applies to a Man who marries a wife not in the Church. ... (8) If of a naturally ripe and early development, of mind and body, living children may receive endowments at the age of twelve years; but as a rule, fifteen years old is sufficiently early. ... (15) A woman who has been born out of the Covenant, and who is married should be sealed to her parents, unless they yield up their right to her as a daughter and wish to surrender her to some other family. (16) Where a woman has been sealed to two men and had children by both, and each of the men have a good standing in the Church[,] the children go to their respective fathers. Why? Because the children were born under the covenant to their respective fathers and bear their respective names. ... (18) In cases where the heads of families (deceased) have had the necessary ordinance work done for them and they have been adopted into a family whose relationship in the covenant connects with the Prophet Joseph Smith, the children of said parents can be sealed to their own parents without annulling the ordinance first performed. This rule includes children in the Church and their parents [who] were not. (19) Where a husband and wife are both members of the Church and they have children, the husband dies, the wife afterwards marries another man, is sealed to her deceased husband[,] and has children by the second, all of the children should go to the first husband. ... (21) Persons who die without having been endowed may be buried (if their friends choose) with un-marked garments, but not with robes or other Temple clothing. (22) Unmarried people, who have been endowed, can act in sealing for the dead. Those who have been endowed may act for the dead in any of the ordinances of the House of the Lord, except Second Anointings. (23) If, by mistake, a person is sealed in the Temple before being endowed, it is not necessary for the sealing to be cancelled. All that is necessary is for the person to be endowed, unless he or she representing him or her is dissatisfied. ... (25) In cases where women have been sealed to other men than their husbands (the latter having died without having embraced the Gospel) and they are afterwards sealed to their husbands, it is unnecessary to cancel the first transaction. Both may stand on record. * The same rule applies to cases of sealing children to parents who have heretofore been sealed to men who were not their natural fathers. (26) All who come to the Temple to perform ordinance work are expected to make donations, according to their circumstances, to aid in meeting necessary expenses; but the poor who have nothing to give are equally welcome. (27) No person, male or female, who has not had his or her endowments shall be permitted to witness the sealing, or any other Temple ordinance. Adopted by the First Presidency and quorum of the Twelve Apostles, at a meeting held in the Salt Lake Temple: April 24th., 1902.

[Source: Manti Temple Historical Record, pp. 107-10, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - Apr 24, 1902

Joseph F. Smith rules that he does not want to change the "usual procedure" of ordaining a man to a priesthood office without first conferring the Melchizedek priesthood, but he prefers the less common practice of first conferring the priesthood before ordaining to an office.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

150 years ago today - Apr 24, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]
I visited the meeting House. Sister MCDonald told me a Blessing she received under the Hands of one of the Old Nephites when she was vary sick. She was healed & was Promised a family of 8 children. She has now 6.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Apr 24, 1857

[Hosea Stout]
This morning the First presidency started on their northern tour expecting to visit Salmon river [Indian] mission and be gone some four & six weeks[.] They were accompanied by perhaps 150 persons. [Two missionaries had recently been killed there in an Indian attack.]

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

170 years ago today - Apr 24, 1847. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
...Evening I walked over to O. Pratts wagon, and through his telescope saw Jupiter's four moons very distinct, never having seen them previously. I went over to my wagon and looked through my glass and could see them with it, but not so distinct as with Orson's . . .

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Apr 24, 1842 - Sunday

[Joseph Smith]
Sunday 24 Prea[c]hed on the hill near the Temple concerning the building of the Temple and pronounced a curse on the merchants & the rich who would not assist in building it.

[Source: Joseph Smith, Journal, Dec. 1841–Dec. 1842 in "The Book of the Law of the Lord," Record Book, 1841–1845]

180 years ago today - Apr 24, 1837

David W. Patten prefers a charge against Lyman Wight in Missouri, accusing him of teaching false doctrine. Wight had said the Church was under a telestial law because the Lord does not use a whip under a celestial law. Wight then took some of the Church members outdoors to whip them "into shape." It is decided that Wight must acknowledge that he had been teaching abominable doctrines before he would be forgiven.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

50 years ago today - Apr 23, 1967

The BYU entertainers "Y Americans" appear on the television program, The Ed Sullivan Show.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

105 years ago today - Apr 23, 1912

Joseph F. Merrill, a member of the stake presidency and board of education of the Granite Stake, announces that the first seminary program will be established during the coming academic year at Granite High School in Salt Lake City, Utah.

105 years ago today - Apr 23, 1912

... while the First Presidency of the Church recognize the right of its members to affiliate with the political party of their own choice, at the same time our own personal experience, together with the light in us, suggests the wisdom of our people remaining with one or the other of the two national parties, and not permit themselves to be drawn away by extremists in an endeavor to set up a third party.

This advice we believe to be good for them as individuals, and good for us as a community. ... We have also reminded the brethren referred to that if socialism embodied all of the principles of United Order, even in that event it would be just as distinct and from the United Order as it is at present; that it is one thing for such principles to be administered by good and righteous men acting by virtue of divine authority, and entirely another thing for such principles to be entrusted to men whose ambition is prompting them to ride into political power by means of a third party. ...

[Source: First Presidency, Letter to W. T. Jack, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Apr 23, 1897; Friday

Brother Nephi W. Clayton met with the First Presidency by request, to answer as to charges of immorality made against Saltair as a place of resort. An excursion to Saltair having been decided upon at a meeting of the Officers of the Y.M. and Y.L.M.I. Associations, Elder Rodney Badger had voted against the proposition, stating that he and others connected with the M.I.A. were under covenant not to go to Saltair because it was such an immoral place. Brother Clayton positively denied the charges made, and stood ready to answer them by whosoever preferred. It was elicited that Brother Badger knew nothing personally to substantiate these charges, but believed they were true.

Pres[iden]t. Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon expressed his disbelief in the truth of the rumors which had been circulated, and suggested that Brother Clayton take steps to invite those who believed them to prove what they asserted.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Sunday, Apr 23, 1882

[John Henry Smith]
Nephi, Juab County

[stake conference]

2 p.m. The people took a vote that they would not fellowship any man who sold liquor or who patronized outside saloons.

Four persons were cut of[f] from the Church and three were suspended.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

155 years ago today - Apr 23, 1862

The President [Brigham Young] remarked the time will come when we shall build Temples and do a work for the dead among other things and the devil will not have power to afflict us. Br. Marsh said in a meeting of the High priest Quorum it was remarked by some of them that Jesus Christ was the first born. Joseph Smith the Second and Brigham Young the third, Br[other] Marsh said that Joseph Smith once prophesied that before he died, (Br. Marsh died) he should go on a mission to Italy, and astonish the King of Italy with his Knowledge of Astronomy and the King should allow him to teach that science to his people. The President did not remember anything of that prophecy. -- Salt Lake City

[Source: Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - Apr 23, 1857

[Hosea Stout]
This morning the missionaries going East started from the Temple Block to cross the plains with Hand Carts.

The company consisted of some 74 men and 35 Hand Carts[.] They all seemed to be in unusually good spirits[.] They are bound for different parts of the U States, Canada and Europe.

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

165 years ago today - Apr 23, 1852. Friday.

[William Clayton]
Arrived at Provo at noon, and camped a little west of the fort... This town looks dirty. The houses look miserable, and many young men idling in the Streets. It seems there is not much energy here, and there seems to be little spirit of accommodation or friendship among people.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - Apr 23, 1847

William Smith (brother to Joseph Smith): Suspended from Strangite offices after trial 23 Apr. 1847 for sexual misconduct

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

170 years ago today - Apr 23, 1847

[Wilford Woodruff]
While wattering the Horses at a creek at the station last evening Brother G. A. Smiths Horse mired & pitched foreward & Jumped onto him trod upon his feet & breast & held him fast in the mud untill I caught him by the bit & backed him off. ...

Some places [crossing the Platt River] of quick sand was found so soft as to sink man or beast instantly in & the more He strugled to get out the more He would sink. But we calculated to avoid such places as much as possible.

... For O Pratt in trying to cross the second stream had sunk into a bed of quick sand and all men had to go to his relief to get his Horses & waggon out.

... I took off a part of my load or most of it in a boat & went through the second stream empty & got out two other waggons done in the same way. But it was so tarrific the rest of the camp would not follow suit.

So their were 6 men of us in all to spend the night to gether without horses & waggons to guard against the whole Pawnee band that were Camped below us on the same side of the river should they feel disposed to come upon us. There numbers were not known but it was supposed they numbered over 600 warriors. We divided our company which made ownly three of us on guard at a time. ...

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

115 years ago today - Apr 22, 1902

Worked nearly all day in the Temple Annex with Bro[ther]. Joseph F[ielding]. Smith Jun[ior]. emptying sacks, counting documents and printed papers which had been kept in that state for about sixteen years, or since the anti-polygamy raid when the documents were taken from the Historian's Office and hid.

[Source: Andrew Jenson, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - Tuesday, Apr 22, 1902

[Apostle John Henry Smith]
My son George A. [Albert Smith] had a surgical operation performed on him at the Holy Cross Hospital today by Dr. J. S. Richards. An anneurism was removed from his head.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

120 years ago today - Apr 22, 1897; Thursday

A letter was read from Pres[iden]t. Orson Smith, stating that the erection of a new building for the B[righam]. Y[oung]. College at Logan [Utah] [to become Utah State University] by donation had been favored by the Priesthood meeting of the Cache Stake, and the mind of the First Presidency regarding it was desired. The Council decided that the proposed work should be proceeded with. ...

On application of Prof[essor]. B[enjamin]. Cluff, Jun[ior]., the Council favored the appropriation of $3000 to enable the B[righam]. Y[oung]. Academy [today's Brigham Young University] to settle with the teachers at the end of the school year, the amount to be considered as an advance on next year's appropriation, as it was due the Academy for tuition, etc., and was expected to be collected before the commencement of the next school year.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Apr 22, 1897

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Twelve had their meeting as usual with Presidency and I am informed important business relating to B[righam]. Y[oung]. Trust Co[mpany] came before the Council. Pres[ident] [George Q.] Cannon presiding he censured me for resigning my vice pres[idency] on B[righam]. Y[oung]. Trust Board & thought it was nonsense for me to say anything about helping to support fathers widows as I was not able to support myself & family. Of course I was not present. I feel very bad that Pres[ident]. C[annon] should feel to censure me to my brethren. I pray God to soften our hearts that we may serve Him in it all not cherish dislike to each other.

[Source: Brigham Young Jr. Diary, April 21, 1897, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

165 years ago today - Apr 22, 1852. Thursday.

[William Clayton]
We arrived at E[dwar]d Robinson, at noon very cold and wet. He pressed us to stop and warm and gave us plenty of good beer. We tarried with him one hour ...

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - Apr 22, 1847. Thursday.

[William Clayton]
The cannon was prepared for action, and stood all night just outside the wagons. There was considerable joking this morning on account of two of the picket guard having their guns stole and Colonel [Stephen] Markham having his hat stole. The owners were found asleep while on guard and those who found them so, took their guns to be a warning to them, but it is difficult for men to keep awake night after night, after traveling 20 miles in the day taking care of teams, cooking &c . . .

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Apr 22, 1842

John Taylor: Initiated into Masonry 22 April 1842.

[Source: Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

50 years ago today - Apr 21, 1967

David O. McKay showed John Birch Society president Welch's letter to Mark E. Petersen, who upon reading it said: "President McKay, Elder Harold B. Lee has some hair-raising stories to tell about the Birch Society which I am sure he will tell you, which I think would scare you to death. We have the Church, and if we live up to its teachings, we do not need to worry about what will happen to this country!"

[Source: David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

85 years ago today - Apr 21, 1932

[Heber J. Grant]
Before getting out of bed I read Brother Stephen L. Richards' conference sermon. I am more strongly impressed than ever that Stephen made a very serious mistake in delivering such a talk [that there are more serious sins than breaking the word of wisdom].

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

85 years ago today - Apr 21, 1932

Outgoing New Zealand Mission President John E. Magleby asks missionary Harold T. Christensen to stand in as mission president until a new mission president is appointed. Christensen agrees but the new mission president doesn't arrive for 15 months during which time Elder Christensen is president of the New Zealand mission.

110 years ago today - Apr 21, 1907

Last known plural marriage performed with the personal knowledge and authorization of President Joseph F. Smith.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Apr 21, 1897

[Wilford Woodruff]
Feel much revived and gaining strength. The swelling in my body and limbs has gone down. My pulse are normal. I have no pain. Weak in my limbs. I eat bread & milk and drink Cacao & a little port wine.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Thursday Apr 21, 1892

[John Nuttle]
I conversed with Bro A H Lund about sister Barratts Sealings & anointings. and explained to him my conversation with Prests Woodruff & Cannon on her affairs [wanting a second anointing, which apparently required her to be married]. He was quite satisfied for me to officiate for & in behalf of Prest John Taylor. Sister M K Barratt. born Jan 17. 1834 at Stockport Cheshme England was sealed to Presi. John Taylor. I being his proxy. she was afterwards anointed to him. I being proxy by Pres. Anthon H Lund. Bro L. C. Mareger was on the train with me he going to Kanab. we conversed on Kanab matters. I met Bro Richard Hall & called in to see Sister Hall whom I had not met for a many years, was pleased to See them. Spent the evening at Bro John B. Maiben's with he & wives & Sister Barratt. Had supper at the Temple Hotel & slept there.

[Source: Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Apr 21, 1867 (Afternoon)

President B. Young called for a donation from the amount saved since Conference through abstaining from the use of tea, coffee, tobacco and liquor, to aid the missionaries in going to their fields of labor. The call was responded to, by quite a number of the congregation.

[Source: Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City; 1850-current. 16:133, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Apr 21, 1847

The pioneers en route to Salt Lake Valley meet a tribe of Indians: "The Indians to the number of about 200 on the south side of the river came down to the shore. Some waded over. About 75 came into camp including the grand Chief of the Nation with many war Chiefs. We met them before we left the ground & made them presents of about 4 lbs of tobacco 15 lbs lead powder fish Hooks heads flour salt &c.

40 years ago today - Apr 20, 1977

Polygamist leader Ervil LeBaron tells a meeting in Dallas, Texas that the Lord wants members of the group to prepare for a mission to Utah. He decrees that on May 3, the funeral of rival-leader Rulon Allred would be held in Salt Lake City at which his brother Verlan LeBaron should be killed. The self-proclaimed prophet of God announces that Allred's murder should be done by the group's two prettiest women. The floor is opened to nominations and Rena Chynoweth and Ramona Marston, are chosen. They murder Allred on May 10. Four days later Allred's funeral is held in the Bingham High School auditorium-the only facility in the area large enough to accommodate the thousands of mourners. Verlan LeBaron, attends the funeral but does not find out until much later that the mass presence of the news media and tight police security has saved his life. Assassins, sent by Ervil, backed out after surveying the situation.

50 years ago today - Apr 20, 1967

BYU president Ernest L. Wilkinson tells faculty meeting he is distributing questionnaires to local bishops asking for a list of students who were "inactive in the church or . . . not living the standards of the church" This information exchange between bishops and university personnel continues for four years,

105 years ago today - Apr 20, 1912

Apostle Anthony W. Ivans writes in a letter to a Mormon socialist: "I have no quarrel with Socialists, I am not blind to the abuses which exist in the world and the great necessity for social and economic reform I believe Socialists to be sincere in their efforts to improve the conditions of the masses, but I have no confidence in the success of the movement. Reform is coming, but it will not come through that source."

110 years ago today - Apr 20, 1907

No member of the Church, male or female, who, after leaving off his or her garments, would be justified in putting them on again without consent of the proper authority, and that authority is the First Presidency of the Church; and this consent would, as a general thing, involve the renewal of covenants by baptism. Where sisters cast off their garments, and give themselves in marriage to non-members of the Church, they must not, under any circumstances, be permitted to wear their garments again while living in such marriage relationship, and therefore all such sisters must be content to continue to live without wearing the garment of the holy priesthood during the existence of their present marital relationships. This practice obtains in the stakes of Zion and must be strictly adhered to in the missions.

[Source: Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund to Nephi Pratt, Apr. 20, 1907, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - Sunday, Apr 20, 1902

[Rudger Clawson]
2 p.m. General meeting of the 4 wards of Provo at the tabernacle, Pres. David John presiding. The first speaker was Reed Smoot. Topics treated. Said he was gratified with the large attendance and suggested that the voting be done by wards, the saints rising to their feet with uplifted hand. He then named the division lines of the six wards, which were approved by unanimous vote.

There were two opposing votes [to the Provo Sixth Ward Bishopric]. The objections brought by the parties in opposition were later investigated and found to be of a very flimsy character. A resolution involving the equal division of the Provo church property among the six wards was passed.

Brief remarks of acceptance were made by the five new bishops chosen. I made remarks upon the duties of a bishop.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Apr 20, 1897

Wilford Woodruff writes: "At 3.30 pm. my daughter Alice took some medicine that Dr Shipp prescribed for her, without water and it burned her mouth and throat being a strong acid. Gave her some strong coffee and she felt better but her mouth & throat pained her for some time."

125 years ago today - Apr 20, 1892 • Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
We had an interview with Architect Don C. Young, Bishop J. R. Winder and Brother John Hafen, the artist, concerning the artistic decoration of the Temple. It was decided to correspond with the brethren in Paris upon the subject at an early date and give them the size of the rooms to be decorated and the character of the work, and have them make designs. It was decided that we would not attempt at present to have the Creation room decorated, but let the walls remain pure white. While these brethren were here we took into consideration the finishing of parts of the work, and I moved that the Architect and Bp. Winder be authorized to submit the plans of the large upper room of the Temple to a responsible firm, say Taylor, Romney and Armstrong, to have them finish it according to the plans and specifications furnished, and to put it on their honor to do it thoroughly well and as cheaply as possible.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

130 years ago today - Apr 20, 1887

Latter-day Saint settlers arrive in Chihuahua, Mexico, where several LDS colonies are eventually established.

135 years ago today - Apr 20, 1882

U.S. House of Representatives votes to refuse George Q. Cannon as Utah's delegate, due to his polygamy, according to Edmunds Act. Cannon is first Mormon to be formally denied public office to which he is legally elected. Within months federally-appointed judges remove all known polygamists from civil office in Utah.

140 years ago today - Apr 20, 1877

[John Nuttle]
Elder O. Pratt said the perfect order of God as it will be conducted in the land of Zion just prior to the coming of the Savior will be a full and complete consecration, when all will lay their properties at the feet of the Bishop from which the land of Zion & other properties of the Church will be purchased for the Church. not for the Bp or President such a time will come that such purchases can be made.

[Source: Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Apr 20, 1867

Brother H. C. Kimball said that Joseph Smith told him that He Joseph Smith would meet in old Jerrusalem with all the Prophets and Apostles from father Adam down to our day. All the leading men of this day will be there. It will be a great Council to take into Consideration the great work of God in the last days & Jesus Christ will be at the head of it.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Apr 20, 1862

First Counselor Heber C. Kimball writes in his memorandum book: "Apr 20, 1862, The Lord told me that Adam was my father and that he was the God and father of all the inhabitants of this Earth."

175 years ago today - April 20?, 1842

Joseph Smith tells the Relief Society they would receive the "keys to the kingdom ... that they may be able to detect everything false."

[Source: Brooke, John L. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology, 1644-1844. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994. p.247]

175 years ago today - Apr 20, 1842

Joseph, suspecting betrayal by John C. Bennett, records that he feels there is a conspiracy against the peace of his household.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Apr 20, 1837

[Wilford Woodruff]
April 20th Spent this day in the house of the Lord in prayer and fasting with the congregation of the Saints. Much of the power, gifts, and graces of the gospel was poured out upon us. Speaking and interpeting of tongues was manifest in the Congregation. One brother sung a lengthy song in tongues & sister Hide interpeted the same. It was great & glorious. Much of it was respecting the fame of Joseph and his magnus works.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

40 years ago today - Apr 19, 1977

A First Presidency letter solicits contributions for the completion of thirteen bronze statues for the "Relief Society Monument in Nauvoo, Illinois. The purpose of this monument is twofold: first, to honor the founding of the Relief Society in 1842 by the Prophet Joseph Smith, and second, to portray to the world the role of women in the gospel plan."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

60 years ago today - Fri Apr 19, 1957

[David O. McKay]
Brother Evans then said that he was making reservations, tourist class, for his trip to Europe to fulfill his Rotary assignment and that of the Church in Switzerland. However, I advised him to go first class--that it would be better for the Church and for the Rotary Club for him to travel in safety and comfort.

[Source: McKay, David O., Office Journal]

125 years ago today - Apr 19, 1892

L. John Nuttall records: "Had a talk with Pres. W. Woodruff about sister Baratts Temple Work. Asked him for her to receive her 2nd annointing. He asked me who to; I told him Pres. John Taylor. He asked me who would represent Prest. Taylor, I told him that I intended to do so. He said that was all right and signed recommends." Three days later he writes, "Sister M. M. Barratt born Jan 17, 1834, at Stockport Cheshme England, was sealed to Pres. John Taylor, I being proxy. She was afterwards annointed to him."

170 years ago today - Apr 19, 1847

William Clayton suggests to Orson Pratt "the idea of fixing a set of wooden cog wheels to the hub of a wagon wheel, in such order as to tell the exact number of miles we travel each day." Pratt agrees "that it could be easily done at a trifling expense" but the device isn't constructed and installed until May 12. In the mean time Clayton walks alongside Heber C. Kimball's wagon counting each revolution of a wagon wheel.

175 years ago today - Apr 19, 1842

Minutes of the Proceedings of the Fifth Meeting of the Female Relief Society.

Lodge Room, April 19^th....

Mrs. [Elizabeth Davis] Durfee bore testimony to the great blessing she received when administered to, after the close of the last meeting, by Pres^t. E. Smith & Councillors Cleveland and Whitney. she said she never realized more benefit thro' any administration— that she was heal'd, and thought the sisters had more faith than the brethren. ...

Councillor Cleveland stated that she many times felt in her heart, what she could not express [Del: it] in our own language, and as the Prophet had given us liberty to improve the gifts of the gospel in our meetings, and feelings the power resting upon, desired to speak in the gift of tongues; which she did in a powerful manner.

Mrs. Sessions arose and gave the interpretation of what Councillor C. had spoken in an unknown tongue, and said that God was well pleas'd with this Society, that if we would be humble and faithful the Lord would pour out upon the members generally the gift of prophecy— that when the speaker laid her hand on the head of Sister Snow, she said that not only she should have the spirit but that all should have it also— ...

The meeting was very interesting, nearly all present arose & spoke, and the spirit of the Lord like a purifying stream, refreshed every heart.

[Source: 1.2.6 April 19, 1842, Minutes of the Proceedings of the Fifth Meeting of the Female Relief Society, as quoted in Matthew J. Grow, Jill Derr, Carol Madsen, and Kate Holbrook, editors, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, The Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/]

20 years ago today - 4/18/1997

[Same-sex marriage]
Letter from Elder Loren C. Dunn to Elder Richard G. Scott notifying Elder Scott that "Governor Pete Wilsons[sic] legislative assistant" called and "offered to fly Lynn Wardle to Sacramento to testify before a committee in support of A.B. 911 (HLM non-recognition). The assistant felt the vote would be close and Brother Wardle's testimony would make a difference." The call was more likely made by State Senator H. M. "Pete" Knight's legislative assistant - Andy Pugno - and Elder Dunn confused the two Petes.

[Source: Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

50 years ago today - Apr 18, 1967

First counselor Hugh B. Brown writes of his meeting with full-time missionaries in Taipei, Taiwan, "I was impressed to tell them that there was sitting in that room some young man who would one day stand in the Council of the Twelve, but before that day he would pass through the very fires of hell, but this great honor would come to one of them if he lives worthy of it." Brown makes similar promises on various occasions, including one in Japan (1965), one in England (1966), and one in Louisiana (April 1970).

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

50 years ago today - Apr 18, 1967

After John Birch Society president Welsh wrote David O. McKay McKay again encouraging him to allow Ezra Tarf Benson to serve on the National Council of the John Birch Society, McKay "explained to him, as I have on two other occasions by letter, that it would not be wise for Elder Benson to serve in this capacity."

[Source: David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

70 years ago today - Apr 18, 1947

Minerva K. Teichert, the first woman to receive a commission to create a temple mural, commences to paint "The Pageant of History" for the world room of the Manti Temple (later the Manti Utah Temple).

75 years ago today - Apr 18, 1942

May Green Hinckley, general president of the Primary Association, announced that the presiding officers of the Primary on all levels would henceforth be known as "presidents" rather than "superintendents."

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

120 years ago today - Apr 18, 1897

Note During the month of January, 1880 I was at Sunset, Arizona, with Bro. Lot Smith and the brethren with him who were trying to establish a branch of the United Order at that place. At this time the Government, through its officers, was using every means in its power to enforce the Edmunds-Tucker anti-polygamy law with the evident intent on the part of the officers, to break us up as an organized community. Being away from President Taylor and my Quorum, I felt deeply distressed in mind Concerning our condition as a people. While thus exercised I went into "the Wilderness," a region of Country called by this name situated about forty miles west of Sunset, and while there I stopped with two young men who were herding Sheep belonging to the people of Sunset. I remained with them ten days reading the revelations of God as contained in the Doctrine and Covenants, and praying fervently unto the Lord to reveal to me His mind and will concerning Zion.

On returning to bed on the night of the 25th of January, 1880, I found myself wrapt in vision, and the next morning revelation was given to me of the Lord which I wrote at the time:

... I the Lord have spoken and will be obeyed. My purposes shall be fulfilled upon this nation ...

... I the Lord say again unto my apostles, Go ye alone by yourselves, whether in heat or in cold, and cleanse your feet in water, pure water, it matters not whether it be by the running Streams or in your closets; but leave these testimonies before the Lord and the heavenly hosts; and when you have all done this, then gather yourselves together in your holy places, and clothe yourselves with robes of the holy Priesthood, and there offer up your prayers according to my holy law. Let him who presides be mouth and Kneel at the holy altar, and there let mine apostles bring all these testimonies before my face and before the heavenly hosts, and before the justified spirits made perfect. And thus saith the Lord unto you, mine apostles, when you bring these testimonies before me, let them be presented by name as far as the spirit shall present them unto you,—the presidents of the United States, the Supreme Court, the cabinet, the Senate and Houses of the Congress of the United States, the governors of the States and Territories, the judges and others sent unto you, and all men and persons who have taken any part in persecuting you or bringing distress upon you or your families or who have sought your lives, or sought to hinder you from keeping my Commandments, or from enjoying the rights which the constitutional laws of the land guaranteed unto you.

And what I the Lord say unto you, mine apostles, I also say unto my servants the Seventies, the high priests, the elders, the priests, and all my servants who are pure in heart and who have borne testimony unto the nations. Let them go forth and cleanse their feet in pure water and bear testimony /of it/ unto their Father who is in heaven.

.... I have also ordained you to sit upon thrones and judge the Gentiles and all of the inhabitants of the earth, unto whom you have borne testimony of my name in the day and generation in which you live.

... You each of you have power to unlock the vail of eternity and hold Converse with God the Father, and his son Jesus Christ, and to have the ministrations of angels. It is your right, privilege and duty to inquire of the Lord as to his mind and will concerning yourselves and the inhabitants of Zion and their interests. And whenever any one of you receives the word of the Lord, let it be written and presented in Your councils. And whatever, by united consent, you deem wisdom to be presented unto the people, let it be presented by the president, my servant John Taylor, as the word of the Lord....

Copied by Geo. F. Gibbs, May 27, 1895

Wilford Woodruff [Signed.]

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Apr 18, 1892 (Monday)

The taking of depositions in the suit for the possession of the Temple lot at Independence, Jackson Co., Mo., was commenced at Independence.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Apr 18, 1852

The First Presidency issues the "Seventh General Epistle" to the Saints. This epistle recounts missionary work and events of the previous winter, including the April conference and the construction of the Old Tabernacle. The epistle concludes by counseling Saints throughout the world to sustain their governments and keep the commandments of the Lord.

175 years ago today - Apr 18, 1842

The fifth time the Nauvoo Relief Society convened in 1842, Sarah Cleveland invited the sisters to speak freely. Sister Durfee "bore testimony to the great blessing she received when administered to after the last meeting by Emma Smith and [her] Counselors Cleveland and Whitney, she said she never realized more benefit through an administration." She added that she had been healed and "thought the sisters had more faith than the brethren."

[Source: Relief Society Minutes, as quoted at http://ordainwomen.org/quotes. See Quinn, "Mormon Political Conflicts" for full cite and context.]

175 years ago today - Apr 18, 1842

A month and a half after the federal Bankruptcy Act becomes effective Joseph Smith and his brothers Hyrum and Samuel declared themselves insolvent before the county commissioner's court on Apr 18, 1842, and filed petitions to be certified bankrupt by the United States District Court for Illinois. Joseph's listed debts totaled $73,066.38, with a U.S. government obligation of $4,866.38 for purchase of a steamboat which had run aground listed first. Concurrently other leading Mormons filed similar petitions, including President Sidney Rigdon, Bishop Vinson Knight, "Judge" Elias Higbee, Reynolds Cahoon, Henry G. Sherwood, John P. Green, Arthur Morrison, George Morey, Jared Carter, Amos Davis, Charles Warner, William P. Lyon, William Niswanger, and John Fullmer. They were joined by at least one prominent gentile businessman of Nauvoo, Hiram Kimball.67