30 years ago today - Jul 4, 1985

Six LDS chapels are bombed in Chile, apparently by the Frente Patriotico Manuel Rodriguez, Chile's most important armed opposition to the Pinochet dictatorship.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

40 years ago today - Jul 04, 1975

The Iran Tehran Mission is organized.

130 years ago today - Jul 4, 1885 (Saturday)

The flag on the City Hall, County Court House and Z.C.M.I., Salt Lake City, was placed at half mast [at John Taylor's order], in token of mourning over the condition of affairs in Utah. Great excitement ensued, and threats of violence by anti-Mormons were made.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Jul 4, 1850 (Thursday)

The general assembly of the State of Deseret held a joint session and passed an ordinance taxing the sale of liquor at the rate of 50 per cent. ad valorem.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Jul 4, 1850 (Thursday)

Parley's Canyon, Utah, was opened for travel under the name of the "Golden Pass"; Parley P. Pratt, proprietor. The toll was 75 cts. for each conveyance drawn by two animals, and 10 cents for each additional draught, pack or saddle animal, etc. The Newark Rangers, of Kendall County, Ill., was the first company to follow Apostle Pratt through the pass, which opened a new road through the mountains from the Weber river to G.S.L. Valley.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Jul 04, 1845

Jennetta Richards, wife of Elder Willard Richards, passes away in Nauvoo and is buried the following day; she is apparently the first woman to be dressed in her temple clothing for burial.

170 years ago today - Jul 4, 1845

In Nauvoo the Nauvoo Legion marches in a parade along with the "Junior Legion" of some 250 boys who train every week during the summer of 1845; they march in white caps and pants trimmed in red.

170 years ago today - 1845 4 Jul.

A cannon explodes during an Independence Day celebration at LaHarpe, Illinois, maiming one man. Young's secretary confides that the cannon was sabotaged by a member of Council of Fifty.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - 1840: 4 July

[Patriarchal blessing of George Miller Given by Joseph Smith, Sen.] ... [thou] hast joined thyself to a harlot, but the Lord has now opened thy eyes. ... Thou shall see the Nephites, that remain in the flesh. The heavens shall be opened and thou shalt behold great things and the veil shall be rent, and thou shalt be permitted to look within the veil and behold that which thou wilt not be able to utter; thy life shall be long; thou mayst tarry until the winding up scene and then be numbered with the hundred-and-forty-and-four-thousand that stand upon Mount Zion; thou shalt have many blessings, that I cannot speak at this time; the lame shall leap as a hart, the blind shall see, the deaf hear, and the poor rejoice in the Holy One of Israel through thy instrumentality; thou shalt be useful, and shalt bring in thy thousands, through thy ministry, ... thou art a pure Ephraimite, and thou shalt have power over sickness, and death,

[Source: From H. W. Mills: Mormon Bishop and His Son: "De Tal Palo Tal Astilla", Los Angeles, Historical Society of Southern California, 1917, pp. 91-92, quoted in Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - 1830 July [4-31]

John Whitmer assists Joseph arrange and copy what becomes Book of Commandments 2-27.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

185 years ago today - July 4-31, 1830

Doctrine and Covenants 26. Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, and John Whitmer are to study the scriptures, preach, confirm members at Colesville, and farm as needed until the next conference. Church to be managed by common consent, prayer, and faith.

[Source: Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

185 years ago today - 1830 July [4-31]

D&C 25 (Harmony) Emma "an elect lady," not to murmur because of things she has not seen; comfort Joseph; be a substitute scribe while Oliver is gone; be ordained to expound the scriptures and exhort the church; compile a book of hymns.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

185 years ago today - July 4-31, 1830

Doctrine and Covenants 24. Joseph to write [begins compiling revelations this day]. Delivered from Satan [two arrests in the past week]. Stop sinning. Lord will curse those who don't accept Joseph. Full-time church service. No physical labors. Oliver to continue preaching , promised unprecedented strength. Don't require miracles except as commanded (casting out devils, healing the sick, power over serpents). Curse enemies, dust feet against them. Legal opponents to be cursed. Church to support financially.

[Source: Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

130 years ago today - Jul 3, 1885

Apostle Heber J. Grant records that First Presidency authorizes half-masting of American flags on Salt Lake city hall, court house, and at church-owned ZCMI on Jul 4. This causes near-riot by non-Mormons.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Jul 3, 1880

Apostle Wilford Woodruff preaches: "When we came here thirty-three years ago we found this place a barren desert. There was no mark of the white man here- It was a desert indeed, hardly a green thing to meet the eye." However his diary entry for Jul 24, 1847 describes the Salt Lake Valley: "We gazed with wonder and admiration upon the vast rich fertile valley which lay for about 25 miles in length & 16 miles in width Clothed with the Heaviest garb of green vegetation . . . [a] glorious valley abounding with the best fresh water springs rivlets creeks & Brooks & Rivers of various sizes all of which gave animation to the sporting trout & other fish while the waters were wending there way into the great Salt lake." Woodruff continues his sermon: "Joseph and Hyrum, it is true, were called to lay down their lives. Why? I believe myself it was necessary to seal a dispensation of this almighty magnitude with the blood of the testator for one thing, and for another thing the people were worthy that put, him to death, and will have the bill to pay as the Jews had to pay for the blood of the Messiah."

145 years ago today - Jul 3, 1870

At 5 o'clock p.m. the First Presidency and Twelve met in the President's Bee Hive Mansion where Albert Carrington was ordained a member of the Twelve Apostles under the hands of Brigham Young, Geo. A. Smith, Daniel H. Wells, Orson Pratt, John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, Geo. Q. Cannon and Jos. F. Smith, Pres. Brigham Young being mouth. After this the brethren clothed and offered prayer in the usual order. [Carrington is the first general authority with B.A degree (Dartmouth College, 1834, Phi Beta Kappa). He is also first general authority who attended Ivy League school.]

[Source: Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

170 years ago today - Jul 3, 1845. Thursday.

At 4 met [with the apostles]. We offered up our prayers for variety of subjects. ... It was decided to employ Brother [Isaac] Morley to make 100 barrels of wine for sacrament.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Jul 3, 1840

Joseph records that the Lord has begun to send plagues upon the nation because they are "guilty of murder, robbery and plunder, as a nation, because they have refused to protect their citizens, and execute justice according to their own Constitution." He goes on to list several hailstorms and other acts of God that are afflicting the nation at the present time.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 4:145.]

180 years ago today - (Fri) Jul 3, 1835

Michael H. Chandler arrived in Kirtland and began exhibition of his four Egyptian mummies. Joseph Smith reportedly deciphered the Egyptian "hieroglyphic characters" found on scrolls acompanying the mummies, and on July 6th Chandler provided Smith with a signed statement verifying the proper translation. [He sells the mummies and papyrus scrolls to Joseph Smith for $2400 who begins to translate them using his white seer stone. His translation is later published as the Book of Abraham.]

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

30 years ago today - Jul 2, 1985

Second counselor Gordon B. Hinckley dedicated temple near Stockholm, Sweden. On this date Swedish government issues postage stamp commemorating temple's dedication, and later this year Brazil's government issues stamp commemorating fifty years of Mormon proselytizing among Brazilians.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

50 years ago today - Jul 2, 1965

The NAACP in July 1965 passed a unanimous resolution asking all Third World nations "to refuse to grant visa to missionaries and representatives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints . . . until such time as the doctrine of non-white inferiority is changed and rescinded by that church and a positive policy of support for civil rights is taken."

[Source: "Critical of Church: NAACP Studies Action," "Benson Ties Rights Issue to Reds in Mormon Rift," Washington Post, 13 Apr. 1965, A-5; Seattle Times, 5 May 1965,13; "NAACP Asks Foreign Bar of Missionaries," Daily Utah Chronicle, 6 May 1965, 1, 3, 4; Journal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 6 May 1965, 6, Microforms, Marriott Library. Quinn could not find any reference to this in Deseret News or Salt Lake Tribune for May; The Salt Lake City chapter of the NAACP had called for the national resolution in apparent response to Apostle Benson's statement a month earlier that the civil rights movement was Communist and revolutionary. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

70 years ago today - Jul 2, 1945

Seventy-five-year-old Herbert S. Salisbury, grandson of Joseph Smith's sister Catherine Smith Salisbury, states: "Catherine Smith Salisbury, told me she was present at home when her brother, Joseph Smith, came in nearly exhausted, carrying the package of gold plates from which the Book of Mormon was translated. He was carrying the package clasped to his side with his left hand and arm, and his right hand was badly bruised from knocking down at least three men who had leaped at him from behind bushes or fences as he ran until out of breath. She said he entered the house running and threw himself on a couch panting from his extraordinary exertion. She told me Joseph allowed her to "heft" the package but not to see the gold plates, as the angel had forbidden him to show them at that period. She said they were very heavy."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

115 years ago today - Jul 2, 1900; Monday

An order of $2,000. was also issued in favor of Heber J. Grant. Just before the late financial crisis in 1893, Brother Grant donated this amount in addition to some $5,000. or more, in favor of the Temple. Brother Grant gave his I.O.U. for this amount to Bishop [William B.] Preston and was credited on temple donation account. He became virtually bankrupt in consequence of the panic, on his representing to President Snow his inability to lift this obligation, and in view of the fact that he had already donated so liberally, President Snow forgave or cancelled the obligation; but as Bishop Preston had given Brother Grant credit for this amount this order is issued in favor of the Bishop's office to square his books.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Jul 2, 1885

[Wilford Woodruff] I had 11 Dead persons Adopted to me. Betsey Cosset Dead was sealed to me to day.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jul 2, 1860

The President [Brigham Young] made some remarks about the character of Senator Steven A. Douglass. The Pres[ident] observed Joseph Smith told him if he ever lifted his heel against the latter day saints he would never have the Presidential chair. At this time if you saw Douglass, along his musings would be, Joseph told me if I lifted my heel against the Latter Day Saints I should never prosper; but I will prosper and I will get to be President of the United States yet. -- Salt Lake City

[Source: Brigham Young Office Journals, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jul 2, 1840

[Vision of Ann Booth] I was informed of a remarkable vision of Sister Ann Booth which I have written on the following page. ...

A Remarkable Vision

I Ann Booth wife of Robert Booth of the Town of Manchester England had the following vision on the 12th Day of March in the year of our Lord 1840.

Being Carried away in a vision to the place of departed souls I saw {12} prision one above another vary large & builded of Soiled Stone. On ariving at the door of the uppermost prision, I beheld one of the 12 Apostles of the Lamb who had been martered in America Standing at the door of the prision holding a key with which he unlocked the door & went in & I followed him.

He appeared to be of a large size thick set, Dark hair Dark eyes & eyebrows of a smileing Countenance, & on his head was a Crown of Gold or sumthing brighter. He was Dressed in a long white robe with the sleeves plaited from the Sholder to the hand. Upon his breast were four stars + * * * apparrently like gold and a golden gridle about his loins. His feet were bear from above the ancles downwards, and his hands were also bear. As he entered the prision he seemed to stand about 3 feet from the floor (which was of Marble) as if the place was not worthy for him to stand upon. A vary brilient and glorious light Serrounded him while the rest of the Prision was dark. But his light was peculiar to himself & did not reflect upon others who were in the Prison who were surrounded with a gloom of darkness.

On the right hand near the door stood John Westley who on seeing the glorious Personage raised both hands & shouted Glory, honor, Praise, & Power be asscribed unto God & the Lamb forever & forever. Deliverance has Come. The Apostle then Commenced to Preach the Baptism of repentance for remission of Sins and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, when the hunderds of Prisoners gave a shout with a loud voice Saying Glory be to God forever & ever.

The marble floor was then removed & a river of water Clear as Cristle seemed to flow in its place. The Apostle then Called to John Westley by name who came forward quickley and both went down into the water & he Baptized him & coming up out of the water he laid hands on him for the gift of the Holy Ghost at the same time ordaining him to the Priesthood of Aaron.

The Apostle then retired to the place whare he stood at first and John Westley then proceded to Baptize A man by the name of Killham the leader of the New Connection of Methodist and next John Madison & then Scott, & John Tongue. The three latter were Methodist Preachers with whom I had formerly been acquainted. The next he Baptized was my Grandfather (Edmund Whitehead) & the next was my uncle (John Whitehead) & the next was my sister (Elizabeth Oiland) & next Joseph Lancashire & next Samuel Robinson & then next was my own Mother. All these had lived & died Methodist & I had been personally acquainted with them all. And after this he Baptized all the prisoners amounting to many hundreds.

After they were all Baptized the Apostle laid his hands on them & Confirmed them evry one. Then instantly the darkness dispersed & they were all Surrounded & envelloped in A Brilient light such as surrounded the Apostle at the first & they all lifted their voices with one accord giving glory to God for deliverance.

My Grandfather then Came to me & blessed me saying the Lord bless the forever & ever. Art thou come to see us deliverd? My mother then came to me & clasped me in her arms & kissed me three times & said the Lord Allmighty bless thee forever & ever.

I then awoke out of the Vision & felt so happy & overjoyed that I knew not how to remain in bed. But waking my husband we arose & taking the Bible I opened Providentially to the text Isaiah 24th they shall be gathered together &c. More & more astonished, I again opened the Bible to the 1st of St John The light shineth in darkness &c. And again the third time I opened it & immediately cast my eyes upon the 3d chapter of Peter 18, 19, 20 speaking of the spirits in Prison. Being before ignorant of these texts & opening upon each Providentially I was asstonished beyound measure.

I would further state that at the time I had this vision I had never herd of the Death of David W. Patten whom I have since learned was one of the Twelve Apostles of the Latter Day Saints in America & was slain in the late persecution in the fall of 1838. But in the Vision I knew it was an Apostle who had been slain in America.

Perhaps many will think lightly of this vision But I hereby Sollemnly testify that I actaully Saw & herd in a vision what I have here related & I give my name & set my seal in witness to the Same well knowing that I must stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ & answer for this Testimony.

SIGNS IN THE LAST DAYS

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - 2/Jul 3, 1830

Joseph Smith appears before Justice Joel K. Noble in Colesville (NY) and is again defended by Davidson and Reed. Trial lasts 23 hours and involves 43 witnesses . Newel Knight is examined concerning Smith's exorcism. Josiah Stowell and Oliver Cowdery testify.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

130 years ago today - Jul 2, 1885

Apostle John Henry Smith is arrested in front of his house for "Illegal Cohabitation." After a court hearing in which his son George Albert Smith (later Church President) testifies he is discharged and sent home.

80 years ago today - Jul 2, 1935

Under separate cover we are sending you two pamphlets entitled 'Origin of the Reorganized Church' and 'Blood Atonement and the Origin of Plural Marriage,' from which I feel sure you will gain much information in anser to your inquiries in regard to some things that have been troubling you of late. Both of these pamphlets were given the endorsement of the First Presidency of the Church at the time of their publication.

[Source: David O. McKay, Letter to W. I. Ghormley, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

35 years ago today - Jul 1, 1980

Organization of Africa West Mission, first full-time mission directed specifically to black Africans, especially Nigerians.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - Jul 1, 1980.

It is announced that the History Division, renamed the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Church History, will move to Brigham Young University. By February 1981 a sixteen-volume history of the church is canceled and the authors are paid for the proportion of work they have done.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

125 years ago today - Jul 1, 1890

U.S. Senate bill to deny all Mormons any right to homestead public lands.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Jul 01, 1880

Martha Hughes Cannon receives a medical degree from Michigan Medical School. In August 1878, she had been set apart by President John Taylor to obtain this training.

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of George W. Coray given by William Smith] ... thy forefathers were those that held the Priesthood and administered before the altar, they built temples and Sanctuary's, they offered Sacrifices upon the altar, many of whom were descendants of Abraham but in the early times of prophets departed from the faith, even leaving the tribe and seed of Joseph; and mingling among the nations of the earth until thy lineage is counted of the tribe of Judah but in thy veins there is a sufficiency of the blood of Joseph to number the[e] with the covenant seed of promise ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing of George W. Coray given by William Smith]

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

Apparently some Saints were questioning the right of the Twelve to replace the wooden font which had been built under Joseph Smith's directions. In the Times and Seasons Brigham Young explained the reason for erecting the stone font and he wrote that the Saints should not wonder at the decision. Just because Joseph Smith had built, a wooden font did not mean that it should be permanent. He stated that he wanted a font that would not "stink" and take so much time in keeping it clean.

[Source: Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

Apostle Parley P. Pratt, who had four wives at the time, writes to the MILLENIAL STAR warning English Mormons to "beware of seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils, as first introduced by John C. Bennett, under the name of 'spiritual wife' doctrine; and still agitated by the Pittsburg Seer, [Sidney Rigdon] and his followers under the same title." This is part of a pattern of false accusations against Sidney Rigdon who challenged the Apostles for leadership of the Church after Joseph's death. Rigdon had never advocated nor accepted polygamy.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

[Hosea Stout] This day there was a grand concert for the Police at the Masonic Hallit commenced at ten oclock myself & wife & L. Fisher went we had also the 12 and other authorities with us, and was also provided with as much beer, wine, cakes &c as we could eat and drink. We had a very entertaining time all was peace, good feelings, and brotherly love no discord or contention among us. It lasted untill about 6 oclock P. M. when we dismissed I came home.

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - 1840: 1 July

[Patriarchal Blessing of Harriet Knowlton Given by Isaac Morley] ... thy descent is from Jacob (notwithstanding thou hast much of the gentile blood running in thy veins). ...

[Source: Typescript, William L. Knecht Family Records, Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jul 1, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Amos F. Herrick given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... you shall stand upon the earth and behold the winding up scene of this generation. And though you shall be old yet you shall retain your full strength, and your vigor of mind shall not be abated; yea, you shall stand, having been faithful, and shall receive an inheritance, even the blessing of eternal life in the presence of God. These blessings are sealed upon you and upon your posterity to the latest generation; even so. Amen.

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:20, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Jul 1, 1830

Joseph Smith arrived at Colesville, New York, about 25 June 1830 to baptize members of the Knight family and others on the following Sunday (27 June). However, baptisms were delayed a day when opponents destroyed the dam that had been constructed for this purpose. Moreover, Presbyterian minister John Sherer tried to prevent the baptism of one of his members, Emily Colburn. On 30 June, largely under the instigation of the Presbyterians, Smith was arrested by Constable Ebenezer Hatch for "disorderly conduct." On 1 July, Smith appeared before Justice Chamberlin for a pre-trial examination. Joseph Knight hired James Davidson and John Reed to defend Smith. While Smith claimed he was arrested "on a warrant, on charge of being a disorderly person; of setting the country in an uproar by preaching the Book of Mormon", more accurately, he was retried on the same charge he had narrowly escaped in March 1826. His preaching may have aroused his enemies, but it was not the legal basis for which he was arrested and examined. Joseph Knight remembered that he was arrested for "pertending to see under ground" and that his enemies had found "a little Clause ... in the [New] york Laws against such things." Reed added that his client had been arrested "for the crime of glass looking and juglin fortune telling and so on which the State of New York was against it and made it a crime and the crime was a fine and imprisonment". The warrant was initiated by Abram W. Benton, who wrote that during the 1830 trial "it was shown that the Book of Mormon was brought to light by the same magic power by which he [Smith] pretended to tell fortunes, discover hidden treasures, &c." According to Justice Noble, before whom Smith appeared the following day in Colesville, "Jo. plead in bar Statue of Limitations". Wesley P. Walters noted, "The law limited the time for prosecution of a misdemeanor to three years ..., while four had elapsed. The prosecution may have felt it still had a case since part of that time Joseph had been living in Harmony, Pa., and the law did not reckon the time spent outside the state as a part of the three year limitation". In other words, Benton and the others intended to finish the legal process begun in 1826 but not completed. Smith's defense proved successful. After the examination, which lasted an entire day, Smith was dismissed, then rearrested and taken to Colesville on the same charge. The trial was held on 2 July 1830 before Justice Noble, who also acquitted him. The following bill, submitted by Justice Chamberlin to the County Board of Supervisors for cases he examined or tried between 1 June and 20 October 1830, includes the first of Smith's two July 1830 court appearances.

[Source: Joseph Chamberlin, Bill of Costs, 1830, Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, Chenango County Office Building, Norwich, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Chamberlin Bill Of Costs]

80 years ago today - Jun 30, 1935

The Oahu Stake, the first stake outside of North America and the first stake in Hawaii, is organized, with Ralph E. Wooley as president.

125 years ago today - Jun 30, 1890

[Franklin D. Richards] The question of what course to take in relation to plural marriage came up for serious consideration this afternoon. President [Wilford] Woodruff has felt very clear that no plural marriages shall be solemnized in the Territory. He has not felt very favorable to marriages being solemnized at all, but has consented to some few being performed in Mexico. Soon after I returned from Washington [D.C.], Brother Joseph F. Smith informed me of the danger there was of something being learned concerning marriages of this character being performed at El Paso. He said that the last few who had gone down there to meet Brother Macdonald had attracted considerable attention, and some of those who were of the party thought it exceedingly dangerous and were afraid that the knowledge of these transactions would come to light. The question had also arisen whether there is not danger of international complications arising over it. All these matters were carefullyconsidered, and we concluded that, for the present, there should be no more marriages of this character solemnized, unless the women who enter into this relation remain in Mexico and take up their abode there.

[Source: Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Tues., June 30th, 1885

[Abraham H. Cannon] Attended court part of the day where Bro. F. A. Brown's case was called. The forenoon was occupied in getting a jury, and in the afternoon at his own request he was sworn as a witness. He was then permitted to read a paper in which he gave a short review of his past life, admitting his marriage with two women and saying that he would rather have his head severed from his body than to deny his religion and his God. After his testimony the case went to the Jury who brought in a verdict of guilty with a recommendation for mercy. . . . As I was returning home I went to the Co op store where a large crowd had gathered. By suggestion of some of our leaders the flags over which the "Mormons" had control were mostly placed at half mast in mourning for the sad persecution now going on in our midst. The flags at the city hall and court house had already been raised to the masthead at the command of a few anti Mormons, and now, at 5 p.m. they had assembled at ZCMI with threats of using force in hoisting the flag. The police were there in numbers, however, and no attempt at violence was made. Finally Wm. Jennings and Thos. G. Webber came and had the stars and stripes raised, to the utter disgust of the many staunch Saints. Threats were then made to raise the flags on the Gardo House, Presidents Office, Tithing and Es. News offices, the Temple and Tabernacle, but a number of friends assembled at my home and we had an exhibition of fireworks until quite a late hour. At the celebration in Ogden today Apostle Moses Thatcher threw a bombshell into the camp of the Liberals by reciting some of Utah's sufferings because of religious bigotry. His statements were too true to rest easy on the minds of the anti Mormons and he was reprimanded by Judge Powers, the orator of the day. Gentiles are really beginning to think that the Saints are in rebellion.

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

170 years ago today - Jun 30, 1845. Monday.

At 4.P.M. went to visit Mother Smith in company with President Young, H. C. Kimball, John Taylor, W. Richards, O. Pratt, A. Lyman, G. A. Smith, N. K. Whitney, G. Miller and R. Cahoon. ... Mother Smith ... said that although in her vision it was told to her that there was two men whose hearts were blacker than the rest, it was not any one who was then present.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - Jun 30, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of Mary Maxwell (deceased) given to Delilah Maxwell (proxy) by William Smith] ... Beloved Sister- In the name of Jesus Christ I lay my hands upon your head and bless you with Patriarchal blessing, that this blessing may afford thee some comfort for the one intended for whom thou art now acting as proxy. that as her Representative, the true character and state of her condition may now be represented by a blessing upon thine head, that she who is dead in the flesh and yet alive in the Spirit may have sealed upon her according to the authority of the Holy Priesthood that sealing blessing that may bind her Salvation in heaven ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing for Mary Maxwell (deceased) given to Delilah Maxwell (proxy) by William Smith]

170 years ago today - Monday, June 30th, 1845

[John Taylor] In the afternoon went to Mother Smith's with a number of the Twelve and the Bishops, according to previous appointment, at the request of Mother Smith to settle some misunderstanding and difficulty that existed in her mind in relation to a vision that she had. When we were there, i.e., Elders Young, Kimball, O. Pratt, John E. Page, Willard Richards, George A. Smith, and myself of the Twelve together with Bishops Whitney and Miller, and Elder Cahoon one of the Temple committee, and some of her own family were present. We conversed freely with her, she stated however that she thought that we had not a correct copy of her vision; however we know that it is; but supported that the old lady was feeble and excited, and perhaps might not fully recollect what she had said.

Elder Young told his find freely about William, and stated that he was aiming at power, and authority, and priesthood that did not belong to him.

That the statement that was published in the paper concerning Patriarchs was correct; that he would sustain William in his office and calling; but would not allow him to tread upon his neck or any other man's.... Mother Smith said he did not want it, she did not profess to be a revelator only for herself and family, that she wanted peace, union, and harmony. The twelve all exprssed the same feeling and manifested the greatest kindness to Mother Smith together with the Bishops. William did not meet with us; but we received from him the following letter: Nauvoo, June 30th, 1845.

Elder Young, It has been my purpose from the first to do all I could for peace. I said in a short note to you the other day, that I would stand by you till death; but it might be asked upon what principle? I will answer on the principle that I am dealt justly by in the Church....

I am sick and tired of such partiality ... I claim to be Patriarch over the whole Church, this gives me my place and proper standing and what I inherit ...

My proposition is my share of the kingdom, and if you will publish in the Neighbor and Times and Seasons the true state of the case in regard to my office as Patriarch over the whole Church ...



Which we answered as follows: Nauvoo, June 30th, 1845.

Dear Brother William ... As to your requests in your letter ... there are some ordinances [giving patriarchal blessings] in the Church that cannot be administered by any person out of this place at present, but must be done here. As to your having the right to administer all ordinances in the world and no one standing at your head, we could not sanction ... But as to your right to officiate in the office of Patriarch, we say you have the right to officiate in all the world wherever your lot may be cast, and no one to dictate or control you excepting the Twelve ... P.S. ... I am sorry the old lady should be troubled, she is aged woman and has past through much trouble for the cause of truth, and has the respect and confidence of the whole Church.

[Source: 'The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]

180 years ago today - Jun 30, 1835

[Patriarchal Blessing of Charles N. Baldwin given by Joseph Smith, Sr] ... Listen to thy teachers, and thou shalt be called to go forth and preach the gospel: angels shall instruct thee, and the Lord shall make thee mighty like unto Enoch,- and like him wafe thyself to the city of Enoch, if thou desire it; but if not thou mayest tarry to the coming of the Son of Man, and be caught up to meet him ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:22, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Jun 30, 1830

The Palmyra Reflector sarcastically proclaims that "[t]he age of miracle has again arived", noting that Martin Harris is telling the Palmyra neighborhood about how Smith has cast out a devil "of uncommon size from a miserable man in the neighborhood of the 'great bend' of the Susquehannah."

[Source: Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

185 years ago today - 1830 30 Jun-1 Jul.

Joseph Smith is acquitted in two trials at Colesville, New York, for using a treasure-digging "peep" stone and performing an exorcism.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Jun 30, 1830

Joseph Smith is arrested by Constable Ebenezer Hatch on Wednesday, for being a "disorderly person". He spends the night in a South Bainbridge (NY) tavern with the constable by his side...

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

185 years ago today - Jun 30, 1830

Samuel H. Smith left on a mission to neighboring villages, including Mendon, N.Y., where the Young and Kimball families resided.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

30 years ago today - Jun 29, 1985

Second Counselor Gordon B. Hinckley dedicates temple at Freiberg (then Democratic Republic of Germany). This is only Mormon temple allowed by any Communist regime. It is also smallest LDS temple ever dedicated, with 7,840 square feet of floor space. Before this ceremony, Mormons in Communist East Germany have prepared 35,000 names for vicarious temple work. Since 1960's, apostles have reported that 80-90 percent of East German Mormons attend LDS church services, highest attendance records outside student congregations of Brigham Young University and Ricks College.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

50 years ago today - Jun 29, 1965

Four Mormon members of Congress and one Mormon U.S. Senator reply to First Presidency's letter of the previous week: "We know that each of you will agree that in this instance we act in conformity with the highest principles of our church in declining to be swayed by the view expressed in the communication of Jun 22nd under the signatures of the First Presidency. We hasten to assure you that we stand ready at any time to receive your views, that they will be considered and evaluated as the good faith expression of men of high purpose, but we cannot accept them as binding upon us." One congressman who had already decided to vote the way the First Presidency supported adds as an addendum to the letter, "Along with many L.D.S. members I have been sharply critical of Catholic and other religious leaders on occasions when they have advised legislators of their faiths on pending secular legislations. Many of these legislators have complained privately that such actions have a tendency to place in doubt the basis of their official votes. I fear that publication of your Jun 22nd communication may cause such doubts among my non-Mormon constituents who disagree with my position." The First Presidency had asked them to retain anti-union "right to work" provision of Taft-Hartley Act

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

55 years ago today - Jun 29, 1960

Elder Bruce R. McConkie sets apart his son, Joseph Fielding McConkie, a nineteen-year-old, for his mission. This action begins the policy of extending calls on a regular basis to nineteen-year-old men as full-time missionaries.

145 years ago today - Jun 29, 1870

[Wilford Woodruff] I spent the time planting Corn. I found my farm on my return home looked as though it had not been visited by Grasshoppers but when I left there were so many of them on the farm it looked as though I should not save an Acre of Grain. It was a Miricle to see How well Crops looked.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jun 29, 1850

The DESERET NEWS publishes a sermon by Brigham Young: "Ten years ago, it was called heresy for Joseph Smith to be a money digger, and receive revelations; it actually became treason; and the people killed him for it: and now I see hundreds of reverend gentlemen going to dig money. I despise a man who wont dig for gold, he is a lazy man, and intends to spunge on others. Do not think that I blame you; all I have to say is, that you have to follow in the wake of 'Old Joe Smith,' and paddle away to dig gold"

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Jun 29, 1845

President Brigham Young made remarks about Mother Smith receiving a revelation [that her son William should lead the church] - she sent to me to call and see her - she wants to see the Twelve and Bishops, she said the vision she had been misunderstood altogether - we have nothing to say about it - she did not remember what she has said - she stated that the vision related to herself and her children, and not the priesthood, and I told her she could not touch the priesthood - the statement is incorrect - she said our names were not mentioned, it was not in her heart to say it - she said she wants to correct it and I want you all to be united and build up the kingdom - I make these remarks and throw it away - don't think of it any more'

[Source: Thomas Bullock Minutes, Leonard J. Arrington Papers, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jun 29, 1840

William W. Phelps, who had been excommunicated, writes to Joseph Smith: "BROTHER JOSEPH:-I am alive, and with the help of God I mean to live still. I am as the prodigal son, though I never doubt or disbelieve the fulness of the Gospel. . . . I have seen the folly of my way, and I tremble at the gulf I have passed. So it is, and why I know not. I prayed and God answered, but what could I do? Says I, 'I will repent and live, and ask my old brethren to forgive me, and though they chasten me to death, yet I will die with them, for their God is my God. The least place with them is enough for me, yea, it is bigger and better than all Babylon.'" Joseph restores Phelps to full fellowship and even makes him a charter member of the Council of Fifty four years later. He is excommunicated again in 1847 for "adultery" (taking three unauthorized plural wives). He is rebaptized in 1848. Phelps serves as a Nauvoo city councilman, assists in drafting the constitution of the "State of Deseret" in 1849, and works in the Utah legislature as Speaker of the House. In 1851. But he was perhaps most noted in Utah for his convincing portrayal of Satan in the endowment ceremony in the Salt Lake Endowment House on Temple Square.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

30 years ago today - Jun 28, 1985

Harvey Tanner, head loan officer of First Interstate Bank, receives a telephone call from "an important man in the LDS church" who says he is sending over Steven Christensen and his friend Mark Hofmann to get a loan for $185,000 which the church was authorizing. When asked later by detectives, "Is that all it takes?" Tanner replies, "Well, this had been done in the past and we knew everything was okay." When pressed for the name of the "important man in the LDS church," Tanner tells detectives it was Hugh W. Pinnock of the First Quorum of Seventy. That same day Hoffman pays $165,000 towards a debt with Alvin Rust. The money authorized by Pinnock and earmarked for purchase of the "McClellen collection" in Texas never leaves Salt Lake City.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - Jun 28, 1980

Sonia Johnson's appeal to President Spencer W. Kimball to overturn her Dec 5th excommunication is denied. Johnson charging that she was not invited to the high council court to defend herself and that her bishop, Jeffrey Willis, divulged testimony from the bishop's court to Beverly Campbell of McLean, Virginia, who has been traveling the country for the Church defending its position on Sonia's excommunication and the ERA.. Church officials did not give Mrs. Johnson a copy of the letter from the First Presidency denying the appeal but read parts of it to her.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Jun 28, 1930

[James E. Talmage] By prearrangement I sat with the First Presidency during the afternoon, and together we examined in detail the copy I had prepared for the prospective bringing out of a book containing extracts from the Doctrine and Covenants. The purpose of this undertaking is to make the strictly doctrinal parts of the Doctrine and Covenants of easy access, and to reduce its bulk, furthermore making it suitable for distribution by missionaries and for general use by investigators. Many of the revelations received by the prophet Joseph related to personal directions in temporal activities incident to the early years of the Church, the immediate importance of which was localized as to time and place. Part of my work in the immediate future will be the carrying of this book of extracts through press.

[Source: James E. Talmage Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jun 28, 1890

Priesthood meeting in LDS community of Cardston, Canada holds a discussion on "whether or not a man can obtain eternal increase with one wife." Everyone who speaks agrees that polygamy is an essential doctrine of the Church and H. L. Hinman who brought his second wife to Cardston in the late 1880s or early 1890s, adds that he "thought a man must live with more than one woman at the same time to fulfill the law." Charles Card points out that they should "not publish these things to the world," but "they should obey all commandments of God."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

125 years ago today - Jun 28, 1890

The Presidency, after considering the condition of matters connected with plural marriage, decided that no person should, for the moment, be permitted to enter into plural marriage without the ceremony was performed in Mexico and the parties remained in that country, or at least the lady remained in that Republic.

[Source: First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Jun 28, 1885

David Whitmer Sen. admitts that there was some thing like tithing in the church in Joseph Smiths day but that it was introduced by [Sidney] Rigdon. ... Mr D[avid]. Whitmer Sen did not handel the plates. Only seen <<saw>> them, says Martin Haris and Cowdry did so they say! Says he did see them and the angel and heard him speak. But that it was indiscribable that it was through the power of God (and was possibly in [the spirit] at least). ... D[avid]. Whitmer Severed himsh him self from the Church in 1838 Because Joseph and the body of the people had departed from the first principals and had gone into Bank=ing and land specul=ulations &c. and was making new inovations. ... }

[Source: 1.

James Henry Moyle, Diary, 28 June 1885, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah, as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: David Whitmer Interview With James Henry Moyle]

140 years ago today - Jun 28, 1875 (Monday)

Bishop Culbert King baptized 85 Indians of Kanosh's band, at Kanosh, Millard Co. More than two thousand Indians had been baptized previous to this time.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Jun 28, 1860

Presidents Young & Kimball returned to the office at 11 oclok. While reading the History in speaking of that point which says that Lyman Wight should be sustained in his office in the place of David W Patten [...] not to take his place Crown. President Young said this is the Case with all the Twelve. They will have their own Crown but not the Crown of an other who has died in faith & been faithful.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jun 28, 1845. Saturday.

[William Clayton] "...A new revelation has come to light from Mother Smith [three visions yesterday on the 1 year anniversary of Joseph & Hyrum's death], corrected and altered by William Smith so as to suit his wishes by representing him as the legal successor of Joseph in the presidency."

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - Jun 28, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of James M. Wait given by William Smith] ... for as a Savior thou wilt be called to stand and defend the rights of thy Bretheren [Brethren] and to snatch their Spirits in the Spiritual world as brands from the burning, in the baptismal font thou shall declare it, they shall hail thee who are thus redeemed as their king and as their Savior thy days are not a few ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing of James M. Wait given by William Smith]

170 years ago today - Saturday, June 28th, 1845

[Apostle John Taylor] I went up with the Twelve to inspect their work, also to see the Arsenal and the font in the Temple, its foundation having just been laid. In the afternoon Brother Pack came to me informing me, that a lawyer who had lately came to town, had been making use of language, wherein he wanted to implicate Elder Young in the murder of Hodges; this lawyer Hall, had lately come to town for purposes of no good. I suppose he is a blackleg and in connection with several others in this town. I am inclined to think so from what Dr. A. Young had told me; he stated that Dr. A. B. Williams had said the same things of Brother Young, and we know him to be a blackleg, and a very wicked, bad man. Brother Pack and I went in search of Brother Young, to inform him of the situation of things, and ask counsel at his hands, but did not find him till evening.

[Source: 'The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]

180 years ago today - Jun 28, 1835

[Wilford Woodruff] Ordained elder in Mormon church in Benton County, Tennessee, by Warren Parrish

[Source: Kenney, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah, http://bit.ly/wwjournal]

185 years ago today - Jun 28, 1830

During an evening meeting to confirm new members, Joseph is arrested for disorderly preaching. He is taken to trial in South Bainbridge, five miles from Colesville, where James Davidson and John Reid defend him. Josiah Stowell, his former employer, testifies in his behalf. Immediately after Joseph is acquitted in the first trial, he is arrested a second time, taken back to Colesville, and tried again. After the gathering of a mob and a good deal of alarm, he is again acquitted. Joseph writes that during the trials the Lord comforted the Saints by revealing a "precious morsel": Moses 1:1-42, "The Visions of Moses."

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Jun 28, 1830

Emma Smith, Joseph and Polly Knight, and twelve others are baptized in Colesville, New York.