45 years ago today - Jul 18, 1974

AFRICA TODAY reports that BYU singing group "Brigham Young University Sounds" toured South Africa. The usual name of the group, "Sounds of Freedom" was changed for this trip. The white apartheid government of South Africa thought the word "freedom" might be too politically charged, since it is normally associated with the struggle for black majority rule. The group performed with the South African Defense Forces Band and proceeds from the concerts benefitted the South African Border Relief Fund and the Rhodesian Terrorist Victims' Relief Fund. According to AFRICA NEWS, "Both funds were set up by whites to support military efforts against African [black] guerrilla movements seeking majority rule."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

70 years ago today - Jul 18, 1949

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
I was in session with Elders Harold B. Lee, Marion G. Romney and Bishop Legrand Richards. The first two brethren and I are the members of the publication committee. Bishop Richards has written a book on Gospel principles which he desires to have published for the benefit of missionaries. Each member of the committee went over the manuscript separately and then made a report on the findings. This report contained many suggestions and corrections in the doctrine of this treatise. It took us four hours to consider these matters with the Bishop, some of our conclusions not pleasing him, some of which he felt were vital to his story. In most instances, after considerable discussion we convince[d] him, but in others he was not convinced, but in our united judgment he was in error.

[Joseph Fielding Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jul 18, 1894

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
We had a visitation by Cyrus H Wheelock who was Approaching Death by a Cancer on the Tongue & in the mouth. He was the Last Man that left Joseph & Hyrum Smith in Carthage Jail before their Martrdom. We laid hands upon him & Blessed him.

[Wheelock had smuggled guns to Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jul 18, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I Attended A Prysbeterian meeting. The priest sprinkled A Child & Called it baptism. It was an abomination in the sight of God.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 18, 1844

[Orson Hyde sermon]
... A word about Br Joseph being killed. Some have thought he could not be killed. But the Lord never said so neither did Joseph say so. ... But as I am in the midst of the Prophetic Editors like Saul I ketch some of the spirit of Prophecy, & so I will prophecy that instead of the work dying it will be like the mustard stock that was ripe that a man undertook to throw out of his garding and scattered seed all over it and next year it was nothing but mustard. It will be so by shedding the blood of the prophets. It will make 10 saints whare their is one now.

... The prophet Joseph may appear in this day to his brethren.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Jul 17, 1934

[John A. Widstoe]
We all recognize or should recognize at this time that the principle or law of evolution cannot be gainsaid. Whether in the operation of that law the body of man is a product of the same line of ancestry which lies back of other animal forms is of course quite another question. If it be accepted that the body of man came up through the evolutionary process, it still does not follow that al life upon the earth developed from a single germ, which so many rather careless thinkers have insisted upon as being the case, and thereby confuse the issue at stake. If in some other manner, the body of man was brought about the Almighty, I shall still be content. After considerable reading and study and thought, I have come to the conclusion that for one I must hold my judgment with respect to the origin of man in suspense. I am doing this not because of any fear of being in opposition to Church doctrine but candidly because existing facts do not satisfy my mind upon the subject.

[John A. Widtsoe, Letter to Sterling B. Talmage, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jul 17, 1894

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
17 July 1894 President Cleveland Signed the Bill this day which gave Utah admission into the Union as a State Government. This has been a hard Struggle for years as it had Seemed as though all Earth & Hell had been Combined against the Latter Day Saints Having a State Government. And now we have to Give God the Glory for our admission into the Union.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Jul 17, 1879

John Taylor, as president of Zion's Savings Bank and Trust, has the vice president of the bank destroy two notes for $50,000 (possibly of Taylor's personal indebtedness).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jul 17, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I have never shed a tear since I heard of the death of the prophets untill this morning but my whole soul has felt nerved up like steel.

/Elder B. Young arived in Boston this morning. I walked with him to 57 Temple st and called upon sister Voice. Br Young took the bed and I the big Chair, and I here veiled my face and for the first time gave vent to my grief and mourning for the Prophet and Patriarch of the Church Joseph and Hiram Smith who were murdered by a gentile mob. After being bathed by a flood of tears I felt composed.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

205 years ago today - Jul 17, 1814

William Clayton, hymn composer of "Come, Come, Ye Saints" and secretary to Joseph Smith is born in Penwortham, England.

120 years ago today - Sunday, Jul 16, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
Pres. Snow said that he was over 85 years of age and that the little children before him, if they would do right, could live to be 85, 95, 100 years and longer. ... Also spoke of the law of consecration and said that sooner or later—not today or tomorrow—we would have to observe that law. If it had been observed by the people of Jackson County from that day to this, we would now have power over the nations and would be the richest community on earth. There would not be a poor man or woman in the Church. The Church will never get out of debt, the Lord will not allow us to get out of debt, unless we pay a proper tithing. I say to you in the name of the Lord God of Israel that He will not let us pass along in relation to that law as we have done without bringing trouble upon us.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jul 16, 1894

Apostle John Henry Smith meets with Apostle Moses Thatcher and remarks that "Bro. Moses Thatcher been very poorly. He had up to ten p.m. last night not taken any Morphine for over one hundred and twenty hours." Thatcher, chronically ill, is trying to overcome morphine addiction.

Apostle Marriner W. Merrill performs the ceremony in the Logan Temple which marries his daughter Hattie L. Merrill as a plural wife to John William. Barnett. The authorization for this is signed by First Presidency Counselor George Q. Cannon on behalf of Church President Wilford Woodruff. This is the first post-Manifesto plural marriage performed in the United States by (verified) written authorization of First Presidency. Marriage occurs in Logan temple.

135 years ago today - Jul 16, 1884

Death by self-inflicted morphine overdose of Lavina Triplett Careless, famous Utah singer and wife of Professor George Careless, director of Mormon Tabernacle Choir.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

155 years ago today - Jul 16, 1864

Brigham Young writes to Daniel H. Wells who is in Liverpool: "A few days ago Bishop Sharp rented the store opposite the South Gate of the Temple Block to Capt. Stover, for the use of the Commissary Department, and on Sunday the 10th inst., while I was in Provo, a skeleton company of cavalry occupied it as Provost Guard. This move being entirely contrary to the purpose for which the building was rented and altogether uncalled for, caused a little excitement, which, however, allayed soon after my return." Young returned to Salt Lake City accompanied by a guard of over 1000 Mormons. Three days later Army leaders wired instructions to General Connor in Salt Lake City to remove the provost guard citing "much dissatisfaction [that] may result" due to its presence.

165 years ago today - Jul 16, 1854

[Heber C. Kimball]
". . . our females . . . are not unclean, for we wipe all unclean ones from our midst: we not only wipe them from our streets, but we wipe them out of existence...so help me God, while I live, I will lend my hand to wipe such persons out: and I know this people will."

"These are my views, and the Lord knows that I believe in the principles of sanctification; and when I am guilty of seducing any man's wife, or any woman in God's world, I say, sever my head from my body."

[Heber C Kimball (First Presidency), Millennial Star, vol. 16, p. 739; also printed in the Journal of Discourses, vol. 7, p. 19-20; Mormon Bookshelf: Blood Atonement, http://mormonbookshelf.com/wiki/Blood_Atonement]

170 years ago today - Jul 16, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I left Mr Eldridge & shouldered my travelling bag & walked and walked 7 miles to M C Cor-rells & waited 3 Hours for the Stage to go to St Johns. When it came along it was loaded down & Could not take me.

Here I was 42 miles from St Johns on foot & no Conveyance with A Heavy travelling bag with A vast burning forest to go through. I did not stop to meditate or complain of my situation but swung my carpet bag over my shoulder again & started on my journey on foot in good spirits. Most of the road was through dens forest rocky & poor soil. Many parts of the forest was inhabited by bears & wolves.

After travelling a few miles I overtook an Irishman on foot. We walked together several miles. A man Came in a waggon & took my bag & Carried it 4 miles for me to Mr McGowins which was great relief to me. On my Arival at McGowens I found my bag safe & got a Chance to send [it] on 15 miles further to Mr Tiltons, & was glad to get rid of the load if I had to walk myself. I took dinner here the Irishman left. I saw no more of him. I had now walked about 20 miles at 1 oclok besides waiting 3 hours for The stage. I had 15 m more to walk before I Could stop for the night.

I found the whole forest as I came along laid waste by the late fires which swept fences, dwellings, barns, Mills, lumber yard & evry thing els in its march & but few dwellings remaining. Although I began to be vary weary & lame yet I entered the dark forest before me And I found my last 15 miles A sore dreary road indeed. And it seemed as though I could not get through.

And when I did arive at Mr Tiltons I was so lame I could scearcely walk at all & was under the Necessity of going to bed without my supper. I washed myself in Cold water from Head to foot to take the soreness out of my cords & limbs & went to bed but was to weary to sleep much. I had walked this day 35 m A thing I had not done before in 10 years.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 16, 1844

[Brigham Young Manuscript History - constructed later from other sources]
While at Brother Bement's house in Peterboro', I heard a letter read which Brother Livingston had received from Mr. Joseph Powers, of Nauvoo, giving particulars of the murder of Joseph and Hyrum. The first thing which I thought of was, whether Joseph had taken the keys of the kingdom with him from the earth; Brother Orson Pratt sat on my left; we were both leaning back on our chairs. Bringing my hand down on my knee, I said the keys of the kingdom are right here with the Church.

Received a letter from Brother Woodruff confirming the news of the death of the Prophets. I started for Boston; stayed at Lowell all night.

His journal entry from that day reads: "tusday 16 started for Boston having heard of Bro J & H. Smiths deth-- came to Lowel stad all night --"

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

175 years ago today - Jul 16, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
... Mrs Woodruff wrote a few lines in it to me the first intelligence I had from her since I left home. She related the following dream that Joseph Smith had a few days before he sealed + his testimony with his blood, about Wm. & Wilson Law:

He thought they bound him and cast him into prision a pit or well as Joseph was anciently. He struggled hard & got up so he could look out & he saw the Laws a little distance off one of them in the hands /grasp/ of a tiger & the other a snake. They called to him to come & help them. He told them they had bound him & they could not. He thought a brother soon came along & took him out of the pit. +

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

20 years ago today - Jul 15, 1999

The American Society of Landscape Architects awards the Church a "once-in-a-century" medallion for its landscaping and gardens at Church headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah.

70 years ago today - Jul 15, 1949

[David O. McKay]
8:30 a.m.'William W. Seegmiller called by appointment at his request'discussed the liquor problem, and the question of reducing the price of liquor here in the State. Bro. Seegmiller reported that Chairman of the Liquor Commission said to him: 'The Governor won't do anything about it'I understand the Governor isn't going to commit himself until he consults McKay.' Bro. Seegmiller said he answered him: 'Do you mean President McKay?' The Chairman said 'Yes.' Bro. Seegmiller said he said: 'If that is the case, I am going to call President McKay right now and ask him when he has the appointment.'

Brother Seegmiller and I both look with disfavor upon the reducing of the cost of liquor: first, because it will increase consumption, and (2) it will in all likelihood decrease the revenue to the State.

I told Brother Seegmiller, I did not thing it would be wise for me to call the Governor on this matter, but if he (the Governor) calls me I should be pleased to discuss the question with him. ...

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

90 years ago today - Jul 15, 1929

The Tabernacle Choir started a weekly network radio broadcast on NBC [with Anthon Lund]. Richard L. Evans joined the program with his sermonettes in June 1930. "Music and the Spoken Word" eventually switched to KSL Radio on the CBS network, and has since become the longest continuing network radio broadcast in history.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

125 years ago today - Jul 15, 1894

Mormon outlaw Robert LeRoy Parker, also known as Butch Cassidy, is sentenced to two years hard labor in Wyoming penitentiary for horse theft. This charge is different than the one for which he was arrested two years previously. This is the only jail sentence Parker/Cassidy ever serves.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

155 years ago today - Jul 15, 1864

Assistant Adjutant General Richard C. Drum, staff officer of the Army of the Pacific, wires General Patrick Edward Connor, commander at Ft. Douglas: "The major-general commanding the department approves of your determination to avoid a conflict with the Mormons. Do so by all means. Is there not some other cause than the mere presence of the guard in the city? Examine closely. Remove the guards and troops rather than their presence should cause a war."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

50 years ago today - Jul 14, 1969

President N. Eldon Tanner of the first Presidency dedicates the Salt Palace in Salt Lake City, Utah.

70 years ago today - Jul 14, 1949

[Frank Evans]
Bishop LeGrand Richards phoned me re request of Willard's to put cigarette vending machine in bus station at Temple Square Hotel. No objection so long as hotel premises are free from 'contamination.'

[Frank Evans Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Jul 14, 1909; Wednesday

[Joseph F. Smith and John R. Winder letter to C. L. Olsen]
[W]e were reminded of the published utterances of the late President Brigham Young to the effect, that the spirit enters the body of the unborn child at the time of what is known as quickening; and the conclusion was therefore reached by us that until the Lord reveals something to the contrary, it would be well for us not to teach or publish anything having a tendency to conflict with the published views of President Brigham Young.

[Joseph F. Smith and John R. Winder, letter to C. L. Olsen, Kenney Papers, original in LDS Archives]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 14, 1904

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
The clerk read a letter from Elder Nephi Pratt, pres. N.W. States Mission. ... The people in the N.W. States Mission, he said, were dead to the gospel. Baptisms for last year would scarcely average one to the elder. ...

Pres. [William A.] Hyde of the Pocatello Stake requested that the apostle attending the Blackfoot Stake in the near future be instructed to stop over at Pocatello and organize a prayer circle. Request granted...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jul 14, 1899; Friday

The sum of $600 was appropriated for Brother Andrew Kimball, as compensation for his services as Stake President.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Jul 14, 1894

President Grover Cleveland signed an act that provided for statehood for Utah. This culminated 47 years of effort on the part of Mormons in Utah to achieve this status.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

170 years ago today - Jul 14, 1849

Following the discovery of gold in California, Latter-day Saints at the site send gold dust to Salt Lake City as tithing.

175 years ago today - Jul 14, 1844, Sunday

[William Clayton Writings]
About the middle of July, the sisters of the branches of LaHarpe and Macedonia sent word to the temple committee and stated their anxiety to see this building progress still more rapidly.

They proposed if the committee would build another crane, they would furnish the means to build it with, and seemed wishful to go ahead with it immediately. The committed and recorder councilled on the subject and it was decided to comply with the wishes of the sisters.

Sister Clark, wife of Raymond Clark, was authorized to collect the contributions. She immediately started, and returned on the 29th with money and other property, amounting in the whole to $194, which was more than sufficient to build a new crane.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 13, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
... The sacrament was then partaken of. Pres. Jos. F. Smith was mouth in blessing the bread and wine, which was supplied in sufficient abundance to satisfy all present. A very enjoyable time was passed at the table, after which an adjournment was taken, Pres. F. D. Richards offering the benediction.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

155 years ago today - Jul 13, 1864

General Patrick Edward Connor, commander at Fort Douglas, telegraphs his superiors: "Encouraged by the unfavorable news from the East, the Mormons are assuming a very hostile attitude. They have about 1,000 men under arms and are still assembling, and threaten to drive my provost guard from the city; alleged excuse for armed demonstration, the presence of the provost guard in the city. My command is much scattered, having only 300 men at this camp. If conflict takes place, which I will endeavor to avoid, can hold my position until re-enforced from neighboring Territories."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

160 years ago today - Jul 13, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
President Young invited me to meet at his House at 2 oclok as He was going to have an interview with Horace Greely.

I met agreeable to invitation. I Found Mr Greely A Singular looking man. He was midling well dressed white but bald Headed. His head vary dirty. Looked as though He had not washed his Head since He Came off the plains. He had quite a feminine soft green appearance. He asked many Question.

Questions Asked By Horace Greely & Answered

By Brigham Young

At 2 oclock P.M. The following Persons met at President Youngs upper Room Lion House in the Mansion: B Young H. C. Kimball D H. Wells J. M. Bernhisel W Woodruff S M Blair H Stout A Carrington J. Ferguson Elias Smith, & Horace Greely Editor of the Tribune when the following Conversation took place after the Company was introduced to Mr Greely by the Hon J. M. Bernhisel. Also Joseph & Brigham Young jr. was introduced But they soon left.

Mr Greely asked Presidet Young what is the difference between your religion & Church from the Christian world?

B.Y. The difference between us is that we believe that No Church is the Church of God, who has not the Holy Priesthood. We have the Priesthood & the sects of the day have not got it. The Lord has delivered the Priesthood unto us & without the priesthood no man has authority to administer in the ordinances of the gospel.

G. Do you believe in faith & what is it?

B.Y. We do. Paul said it was the substance of things hoped for the evidence of things not seen.

G. What do you Believe about slavery?

BY. We believe what the Bible sayes about it. There was a Curse put upon Cain & his seed & that Curse will remain untill it is taken off. They were to be servants.

G. Is this a slave territory or are there slaves here?

Y. There is slaves here or have been from time to time.

G. Then this would become a slave state would it not if it was admitted?

Y. No the Climate & situation would not admit of it. Slavery is a thing I do not want any thing to do with it. I Consider it more of a Course to a man to have slaves than a Blessing.

G. So I think. Do you tithe the people if so what for?

Y. Yes one tenth to Build Temples, & to Feed the poor and I want you to understand one thing & I want you to write it just as I tell you & that is I do not have so much as one Cabbage or ear of Corn of the tithing ownly what I pay for.

G. Do you have a salary?

Y. No sir not one cent.

G. Then how do you get your living?

Y. I would think myself a poor financeer if I Could not work for Nothing & keep myself. There is No man from the Highest to the lowest in the Church that Has a salary. The Presidency, Twelve Seventies & all the Elders who labour for the interest of the Church do it without a salary. The Elders travel the world over as it were & go without purse or scrip or money & all preach without a salary.

While building a Temple in Kirtland we had a Committee of three who spent there whole time. They were allowed $1 per day each man. We had a Committee of three in building the Nauvoo Temple. They had $2 per day each. I do not know of any other who have a salary. Joseph Smith one gave H. C. Kimball Credit of $2 on Book for some labour. Brother Kimball had it taken off. Said he would not have a Credit for it.

We have appointed a Committee of one Mr D. H. Wells to superintend the building of a Temple here. He has No salary. I prefer a Committee of one instead of any more to transact any kind of business if I want to do it with dispatch. Then he does not have others to Council but Can act upon his own judgment.

We hire men /& clerks/ to work in the Church who spend all there time as day labourers. We pay them wages.

G. Do not the Bishops have salarys?

Y. No Sir.

[G.] Are all the Mormons under obligation to gather together and upon what principle are they required to gather?

Y. Yes we Consider ourselves under obligation to gather together By the Commandments of God. The Bible teaches the subjet of the Gathering in the last days.

G. We have understood that the Bible teaches the Jews to gather to old Jerrusalem.

Y. Yes & it also teaches the Saints to gather to Zion.

G. Do you think there Can be any Collision between the Mormons & the United States?

Y. Not if they let us alone & do not persecute us more than we are able to bear, but they Can Croud us to a point which would make a Collission.

[G.] What was the Cause of so much oposition to Joseph Smith? They accused him of stealing Horses & Cattle & doing much Evil. Now the Methodist used to be much opposed & were vary unpopular. But I do not recollet of hearing them accused of such Crimes as the Mormons are. I am vary unpopular in my religion. I am a whole souled Universalist yet we are not accused of such crimes & I do not recollet that the Saints were in the days of Christ.

B.Y. I think sin. If you will look carefully at the History of Christ & the Apostles you will find that all manner of Evil was spoken against them falsly. As to Joseph Smth he was a good man & he was persecuted even unto death because he did do good. He passed through over 30 law suits got up by his enemies & it was shown in evry instance that He was innocent & it was got up through persecution.

G. What are the Danites and what information Can you give me Concerning them?

Y. I Cannot give you any information Conserning them. You will have to [be] enquiring of our Enemies & they can tell you all about it. We know nothing about any Danites. We have no such society or Company among us.

G. You are accused of many Crimes.

Y. And so were the saints in the days of Christ & the Apostles. Evry exertion has been made from the begining to Bring some accusation against us. While trying Joseph in Missouri before Judge A King He asked Joseph if he believed in the se[tling?] of the kingdom in the last days that the prophet Daniel spoke of. Joseph said he believed what the Bible said about it. The Judge said Clerk put that down. That is treason. Col Donaphen who was Josephs Lawyier said you had better make the bible treason & [be] don with it. In the days of Christ the Jews said if we let him alone he will Come & take away our state & Nation. That is what our enemies are afraid of now that we shall esstablish the kingdom of God.

G. Do you believe in infant sprinkling?

Y. No we baptize Believers By emersion.

G. Do you believe in any New doctrin?

Y. No none ownly what the Bible & Book of mormon teaches. Have you not read the Book of Mormon?

G. But vary little of it. How extensive are miracle in the Church & are they Confined to the leaders of the Church?

Y. They are as extensive as it is the will of God to give. They are not Confined to the Head But all Elders lay hands upon the sick when Called upon and the sick are often healed.

G. Yes but some die I suppose.

Y. Yes the saints & sinners have died in every age. Death has passed upon all mankind & they Cannot escape it.

G. Your doctrin of Polygamy is not that against the Bible? Paul said A Bishop should have one wife.

Y. That is Correct Doctrin. You should not take a single man for a Bishop. He should at least have one wife. But Paul did not say that he should not have but one. There is nothing in Pauls words against his having a dozen.

[G.] How many wives has any one man had in the Church?

BY. I suppose I have as many as any one man. I have some 15. I have some aged women sealed to me upon the principle of sealing which I no more think of making a wife of than I would my Grand Mother.

G. Has it been long that Poligamy has been practiced in the Church?

Y. It has been practiced for some 16 years. Have you not read the revelation given upon that subject?

G. I have not. I think it has not been published till late. Did Joseph Smith have more than one wife?

Y. The revelation was published in Aug 1852. Joseph Smith had more than one wife.

G. How do the women receive the Doctrin?

Y. Quite as well as the men. I do not think there is a woman in the Church that opposed it more than I did in my feelings. How many wives have you Mr Greely?

G. Ownly one.

H.C.K. How many Misses do you keep?

G. Not any.

BY. I do not think their is a member of the Church in this room that has had any Connexion with a woman except his wife. If Mr Greely Can say as much, then I think you are virtuous. (He did not answer it.)

G. I would like to visit your Schools while here. Do you have free schools? Do the Church pay for the schooling of all the Children?

Y. No all pay their own schooling at present.

G. I hear that the church is rich.

Y. The Church have some buildings here.

G. While Journeying here it was reported that the animals of the emigrating trains belonged to the Church.

Y. They are not Church animals. They belong to members of the Church probably.

G. Were not the leaders of the Church poor? You say you have no salary. You seem to be wealthy. I do not see how you get your property.

B.Y. I gathered some property in kirtland. I earned it with my hands except half of a pig which weighed 90 lbs which Joseph Gave me. We had to leave kirtland through persecution. I Came to Nauvoo with nothing. I there got a property through my labor & the Blessings of God.

We were driven from our property there & I had to Borrow to get here & now my Property I suppose is worth some three hundred thousand dollars. And you may ask any man in heaven Earth or Hell, if I have wronged him out of a dollar and if you Can find such a man I will make it right. I have wronged No man. I have paid for what I have had as I have said I do not have as much as an Ear of Corn out of the tithing office ownly what I pay for. I Borrowed money to help the poor when I Came here and I want you to write my statement as I give it for it is true as the son.

I financeer my affairs according to the wisdom God has given me & I trust to him & he alone gives me my increase. There are fears here that there will not any potatoes grow. I shall look for potatoes when it is time to dig them. I do so with all my business. The Lord kan make me rich or poor Just as he pleases. I Care not a groat for all the gold & silver in the world and Jesus Christ did not.

G. The leaders of the Church must have some advantage. The City lots here sold for some price. Did it not go to the leaders of the Church?

Y. No all the setlers paid for their City lots was $1.50. $1 to the Surveyor Mr Sherwood & 50 cts to Thomas Bullock the recorder.

G. How do you get farmes here?

Y. The land belongs to the United States and all the Claim setlers have is possession and improvements. When men take up unsurveyed lands they pay the surveyors fees & when they buy improvements they pay for them according to there value, & what they produce all men like to speculate more or less & men are apt to get what they Can.

G. I Calculate that I am about the ownly man who speculates who has not bought some land in the western Country, or a City lot. Many who have speculated in land have become poor. You have had two or three split off. How do you Consider them?

Y. The same as all apostates.

G. Do the Bishops make Bishops or how is itdone?

Y. The people meet in Conference and if they want a man to preside over them as a Bishop they vote for him and he is ordained a Bishop to preside over them.

G. Can the people reduce a Bishop to the laity?

Y. The people Can remove a Bishop from presiding over them by a vote & chuse the one they wish.

G. Who is the President of the Church?

Y. You know that I am the Presidet of the Church. I have my two Councellors. Mr Kimball & Wells here are my Councellors. Then we have Twelve Apostles & Seventies & various Quorums in our organization.

G. My neighbors religion does not trouble me any how & I see no particular harm in your religion and I am glad to learn so much from you about the rule management, & organization of your Church. I now know much more about your Church than I ever have before. How many Clergy men of other sects have Joined your Church?

Y. Not a great many & they are not often worth much when they do Join. For the Clergy men Doctors & Lawyiers make about as poor Saints as any Class of men we have for they do not like to work much & the mormons work for a living and I believe I am about the ownly man who does not work.

G. I think there is not many Editors Come among you by the looks of the papers published here.

Y. No and if they should we should be careful not to Employ them to publish for us.

G. I think it would be a good plan to sow the Canida thistle all over the sage plains & deserts. It would renevate the soil & make food for Cattle.

Y. If that is your opinion pray dont tell the people of it for you Could not introduce a worse plague. If the people was to introduce Canida Thistles it would Come Nearer to driving out the mormons from the Country than any thing els. They would ruin any Country.

G. O I think they would be a great Benefit & if they got into your grass & farming land you Can eisily kill them by mowing & salting them.

Y. I think not.

G. I think the Army was sent here esspecially for your Benefit & the Benefit of Wardle & Russel. You are getting rich through the army.

Y. The people are making money from that source. They introduce money, Cattle, waggons Horses & Mules. The people buy the waggons for the Irons for $15 or $20 of the largest Class, Containing some 6 or 800 lbs which is quite a help to the Country whare Irons is scearce.

G. The whole Country is lined with Iron. There is many miles of Chains & if I lived in the Country I would pick it up & Cash it.

Y. The Government would claim it.

G. I would give them so many days Notice then to take it out of the way & if they did not do it I would take it myself. There is more good timber in one of those large freight waggons than grows in this whole Territory. I dont believe in your having a Famine or that there is going to be any Famine.

Y. What do you refer to?

G. I see it published in the Deseret News.

Y. Yes you refer to Orson Hydes Famine sermon.

G. We had 2 frost in the states & it was reported that evry thing was killed on the 11 June in the North But I do not think that the frosted district was vary extensive.

[Y.] We are improving evry year in agricultural pursuits & when we get all the [Dr?] & Lawyiers to work we shall raise all you want. I dont think we shall have any Famine.

I have travelled through many parts of Europe. They are Capable of raising much food. I think Lombardy with its irrigation is the richest part of Europe.

[G.] Mr Young I shall have to state in my report that I Consider your system of poligamy is reducing the female Here to the oriental state. I see no Chance for the female here for her to develop herself. I see no Female signs out in this City. I see no Chance for a woman ownly to be a first or fifteenth wife.

Y. A woman here has all the Chance or liberty here to develop her talent or Capabilities of doing good & filling her sphere that she has in any Country But I do not want any woman to Council & dictate me in the direction of my affairs. If I did I should think I ought to have been made a woman.

G. I dont Care whether a person is man or woman. I think they should have the privilege of Developing their Talent. It is well enough for a woman to bear Children But I think they ought to rule when they are Capable of it. Queen Elizabeth was the grea[test?] Ruler England Had And Catherine was one of the greatest Soyreigns of Russia But Poligamy I think has a tendency to bury up the talent of women.

H.C.K. Is it worse to be a mans second wife than to be a whore?

G. I dont know that it is.

Here Mr Greely Closed his interigations, Took his hat Bowed to the Company & retired.

After Mr Greely left Conversation turned upon the opposition of our enemies. Presidet Young said the Lord has said he would fight our Battles & give us the victory & he has done it thus Far. Should the Lord say now draw the sword & fight many would Cut their way through an Enemy & turn around & fight over the spoil. This would gratify two many evil hearts and that would not do.

President Kimball said God holds Gov Cummings to do his will for us. If he was to let go of him he would be our bitter Enemy.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jul 13, 1854 (Thursday)

The Jordan river bridge, west of G.S.L. City, was crossed by teams and herds for the first time.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jul 13, 1844

[William Clayton]
Emma sent for me to enquire about the title to Snyders Lot. She talked much about Trustees being appointed & says if he is not a man she approves of she will do the church all the injury she can by keeping the Lots which are in her name.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

95 years ago today - Jul 12, 1924

Apostle and Salt Lake City Temple president George F. Richards writes: "The Temple Committee have gone over the ceremonies of the Endowments with a view to more perfectly put them in proper form and we are still working on them and I am in hope that in due time these will be considered by the Presidency and as far as is right the suggestions will be approved and the ceremonies be re-written having all the written ceremonies appear in their most perfected form and regular order in the Presidents' Books and in the past books. I am delighted with what has been done thus far and am hopeful that the future will see the other changes made which are very much needed."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Jul 12, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
Apostle Lyman made some remarks on the Manifesto suspending plural marriage, showing that it was given by inspiration and that to his mind made it equivalent to a revelation.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jul 12, 1899

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
I attended meeting with my Quorum and First Presidency at the President's office at 10 a. m. Church attorneys also present. It was decided that President Angus M. Cannon better plead guilty to unlawful cohabitation and thereby save his wife and Brethren from going to court. Our Quorum after adjournment met at our room in the Temple at 11 a. m. [Cannon later served time]

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Jul 12, 1894

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
Met at Temple with First Presidency at 2 p. m. I was instructed not to pay Temple employees for vacation but only for the time they work.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jul 12, 1864

General Patrick Edward Connor, commander at Fort Douglas, reports to his superiors: "The people of this Territory, under the implicit guidance of Brigham Young, are steeped in disloyalty and omit no opportunity of making display of it and injuring the Government by every means in their power."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - Jul 12, 1844. Friday.

[William Clayton Journal]
Joseph has said that if he and Hyrum were taken away Samuel H. Smith would be his successor.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Jul 12, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball]
Elder White and my self went in to our closet and offered up the Singhn [signs] and praied that we might get some definite news pertaining the death of the Prophets. Toords [Towards] night one of the Brethren went to the office and got one leter from my wife up the [to] the 24 which day he gave Him Self up in company with Hiyrum, [Willard] Richards, and J. Tailor three days before they ware killed. This leter satisfide us that the Brethren ware dead. O Lord what feelings we had.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

180 years ago today - Jul 12, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
Assisted in looking over the proof sheet of the first number of the Times & seasons. ...

Joseph Called upon the Twelve to call & visit father Smith /is 68 years of age this day/ & lay hands upon him that he might be healed for he was sick & nigh unto death. We lade hands upon him & he received /[6 sick?]/ a blessing. The thought struck me that the Lord would add unto his life fifteen years, & to Close the scenes of this day, we received the glorious intelligence of the happy deliverence of PARLEY P. PRATT from Prision whare he had been Confined seven months for the cause of God. Brother Morris Phelps was also delivered with Parley. They delivered themselves on the fourth day of July above the setting of the Sun by running over the Jailor & esscaping out of thir hands by mounting some horses that were prepared for that purpose by Orson Pratt, Sister Phelps & others. They were closely persued by the mob & narrowly escaped by leaving behind them their horses Saddles bridles & hats & arived in Quincy on the 10th of July making six days on the road.

They are now all liberated but two persons viz King Follet & Luman Gibbs. King Follet got out of Prision with Parley but was retaken. May the remainder soon be deliverd I Pray. But Blessed be the Lord God for his mercy in delivering the Saints from prision. <Distance of the day> 8.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]