50 years ago today - Oct 18, 1969

BYU's football team is beaten by the University of Wyoming despite its loss of 14 African-American players (half in the starting line-up) "for wearing black arm bands in protest to BYU's allegedly rescist policies." Less than 24 hours earlier, the 14 were expelled from the team for joining a Laramie "campus protest movement against the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which controls BYU."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Oct 18, 1949

[George Albert Smith]

Ernest L. Wilkinson of Washington, D.C. stopped by for a few minutes and he told me of a plan that he [is] working on at the present time to turn over a fee which may be forthcoming to him to the B.Y.U. He is one his way to Montana to handle a case for the Crow Indians against the United States Government. If he is successful, and he believes that he has a good chance, he will receive one-third of the net proceeds as his fee which should amount to a half million dollars for him. He prefers to have the B.Y.U. receive this amount, since he feels that he does not need it. He has discussed this matter with President Clark and President McKay and they concur in my feeling that it will be all right to go ahead provided first that an advance ruling is obtained from the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Washington, D.C. to ascertain whether or not such a procedure will be entirely proper.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

85 years ago today - Oct 18, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]

Council meeting was held at 10:00. At the regular meeting of the Presidency and Apostles this morning after reading a couple of editorials in last night's News, it was voted to release Brother Joseph J. Cannon as the editor of the Deseret News. There was a general discussion about his attempting to discuss financial and other questions that he knows nothing about in the paper. The general feeling was that while he was a good worker and a very intelligent, fine man, that he had not filled the bill. Brother Stephen L. Richards said it was our own fault that he have been talking about Joseph's editorials not being satisfactory, and he said he was ready to make a promotion to release him. And finally, after some discussion, it was decided to do so and to appoint him President of the British Mission I was very glad for this suggestion; it will be a very nice way to promote him.'

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Oct 18, 1934

Oliver Cowdery: Proxy endowment 18 Oct. 1934

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

90 years ago today - Oct 18, 1929

A First Presidency urges European Mormons not to emigrate to the United States.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

105 years ago today - Oct 18, 1914

Joseph F. Smith and Apostle Francis M. Lyman publicly state that undergarments worn by endowed persons outside the temple must "come high up on the neck and down to the wrists and ankles, for that was the pattern revealed from heaven."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

115 years ago today - Oct 18, 1904; Tuesday

I took Nichol Hood to the Presidents Office and as I entered the north door in to the private office of President [Joseph F.] Smith, there was the president, brother [Charles W.] Penrose and John R. Winder, his counselors and ten of the apostles. And by the way, Nichol Hood loved Brother Penrose and held him as a perfect democrat, and brother Penrose had done many things for Nichol Hood, I said, "President Smith, this is Nichol Hood, the man who has made the charge against you that you gave your consent for his brother John Hood, to take a plural wife." What a surprize to most of the brethren and what a spirit it at once aroused. President Smith was calm and very gracious to Nichol Hood and said, "Brother Hood, bring your chair close to me and let me talk with you. Who and where is your brother John Hood, and tell me just what he said." Nichol Hood said, "My brother John Hood told me that you personally told him you had no objection for him to take a plural wife." And then President Smith said, "Nichol I don't know your brother, I never remember of ever having seen him and if he said

such a thing to you, he is a liar and the truth is not in him. The man is not living, or the man is not dead that could say I ever gave my consent for any one to take a plural wife since the Manifesto." He then spent over an hour going over the history of cases in the church and then said: "We learned from reliable sources that John W. Taylor and Matthias F. Cowley and others were writing and making appointments and were performing polygamous marriages in secret places and intercepted two letters written by John W. Taylor and Matthias F. Cowley and I had them come here to my office and asked: "John W. Taylor, did you write this letter," (handing it to him, in which people were instructed to meet him in a certain secret place and he would marry them in polygamy). He said, "yes President Smith, that is my letter." the president then said, "if you wrote that letter, then sit down right here and write out your resignation as an Apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, right now." And John W. Taylor said, "I have the right to perform such marriages and I will not do anything of the kind." "All right then we will try you, and we tried him for overstepping his authority after the church said such things could not be done and we disfellowshipped him from the church." Then continuing to speak to Nichol Hood, President Smith said, "Brother Matthias F. Cowley did you write this letter," handing it to him, and he said, "Yes President Smith, that is my letter. (in it also were arrangements for certain people to meet him in a certain secret place and he would marry such people in polygamy.) "Then Brother Cowley, sit right down here and write your resignation as an Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, and Brother Cowley was tried and DISFELLOWSHIPPED from the church, and that is what we are doing to all who take the law in their own hands."

[John M. Whitaker, Diary]

120 years ago today - Oct 18, 1899; Wednesday

Presidents Lorenzo Snow and Joseph F. Smith were at the office.

...The sum of $41.25 was appropriated to pay the travelling expenses to Utah of Mrs. J. Ellen Foster, whose services in behalf of this community, as a newspaper correspondent and a prominent political leader, our friend judge [George C.] Bartch has been interesting himself to secure. The design is to have her write up the present situation in Utah as an offset to the misrepresentations and lying communications sent to Eastern papers and published throughout the country respecting the polygamous relations of the Mormon people; also to use her influence with prominent Republicans against the proposed constitutional amendment. The lady having signified her willingness to come, the amount named was appropriated to pay her expenses.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Oct 18, 1889

After consideration Elder B[righam]. Young moved that the Endowment House be taken down, but that the Font with the dressing rooms be preserved for baptismal purposes. Sec[onde]d & carried. Pres[iden]t. Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon, moved that B[isho]p. R[obert]. T. Burton be instructed to emply 50 men and set them to work at places where their labor will not attract attention. sec[onde]d. & Carried.

[First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Oct 18, 1894

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]

I talked with Pres[ident] Snow upon the Word of Wisdom. He does not seem to look upon it so seriously as some of us do.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - 18 October 1844, Friday

[William Clayton]

Saturday 19th. ... Last night I dreamed I was in a nice building in a very pleasant place. I thought I was married to brother Cutlers youngest daughter & she seemed as happy as an angel and I felt full of joy and peace. I thought I had received Miss Cutler in addition to those I had already got. When I awoke I felt disappointed and felt to pray in my heart O God if it be thy will give me that women for a companion and my soul shall praise thee but they will be done and not mine ... Sister Booth tells me that Sara Ann is very unhappy and wants to see me she says Jane Charnock is perfectly unhappy and if there is any way she can be loosed she wants me to take her. Mary Aspen is ready to unite to me as her savior and sister Booth says she shall not risk her salvation in Roberts hands & wants me to interfere We had considerable conversation on many subjects and felt pretty well.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

20 years ago today - Oct 17, 1999

Jerold Ottley, conductor of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir for twenty-five years, conducts his last broadcast of Music and the Spoken Word.

130 years ago today - Thurs. Oct. 17th, 1889

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon]

"Pres. W., Father, H.J. Grant, John W. Taylor and myself dressed in our robes, and President Woodruff prayed to open and Father in the circle. This is my first meeting with a prayer circle, and I felt the solemnity of the occasion."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

160 years ago today - Oct 17, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

I received a letter from G.A.S [George A. Smith] in Deseret Alphabet. Informed me there would be a Council with the Presidency Twelve, & the presidency of the Seventies in order to fill up those Quorums.

A man was shot through the head on saturday night. He was found dead in the morning.

I met with the Twelve in the evening at the upper room of the Historians office. The evening was spent in speaking upon the subjects of the Twelve keeping Gentiles Boarders of Having them associateing with our families. Elders E. T. Benson & F. D. Richards Both were keeping Boarders. They both expressed there willingness to dismiss there Boarders as soon as they Could without temperal loss to themselves.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Oct 17, 1849

Frontier editorial "Dancing" observes: "Among the Saints, it is regarded not only as a civil recreation, but a religious exercise when conducted by the sanction and under the government of the Church."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - Oct 17, 1834

En route to Michigan. While on board the steamer Monroe, a man called Ellmer claimed to know about -"Joe Smith-" and insisted, even in the Prophet's presence, that Joseph Smith was a liar and that he was dead.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

70 years ago today - Oct 16, 1949

[George Albert Smith]

[In a meeting with Lord Otani of Japan, head of a branch of the Buddhist Church in Japan with 60 million members:] I then presented to Lord and Lady Otani some tracts, a copy of The Book of Mormon, my own book, Sharing the Gospel with Others and a book What of the Mormons. They seemed very happy to receive these and made several favorable comments. They said we know that during and since the war there was and has been a great anti-Japanese feeling throughout the United States and other parts of the world, but in Utah this feeling has not existed, but there has been one of tolerance and charity and respect, and they are confident that this fine feeling and expression of brotherly love in Utah is a direct result of the influence of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints upon the people of that state.

[George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Oct 16, 1894

[President Wilford Woodruff]

We had Meeting with several individuals among the rest Black Jane [Manning] wanted to know if I would not let her have her Endowments in the Temple. This I Could not do as it was against the Law of God. As Cain killed Abel All the seed of Cain would have to wait for Redemption untill all the seed that Abel would have had that may Come through other men Can be redeemed.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Oct 16, 1879

[Rudger Clawson]

Attends trial in Georgia of the three men accused of Standing's [a Mormon missionary] murder, resulting in verdict of not guilty.

[Larsen, Stan (editor), A Ministry of Meetings:The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson, Significant Mormon Diaries Series No. 6, A Rudger Clawson Chronology, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

150 years ago today - 1869. October 16

(William S. Godbe) : Disfellowshipped for "irregular attendance" at the School of the Prophets. Godbe and Harrison continued to argue for "the right of, respectfully but freely, discussing all measures upon which we are called to act. And, if we are cut off from this Church for asserting this right, while our standing is dear to us, we will suffer it to be taken from us sooner than resign the liberties of thought and speech to which the gospel entitles us." They were excommunicated within the week for "apostasy."

President George Q. Cannon editorialized in the Deseret News, "We could conceive of a man honestly differing in opinion from the authorities of the church and yet not be apostate; but we could not conceive of a man publishing those differences of opinion, and seeking by arguments, sophistry and special pleading to enforce them upon the people to produce division and strife, and to place the acts and counsels of the church, if possible, in a wrong light, and not be apostate; for such conduct was apostasy as we understood the term."

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Oct 16, 1844

[Letter: William Smith to Brigham Young]

[Regarding George J. Adams:] the mantle of the Prophet is upon him in his Place Joseph told me last Spring that Adams was ap[p]ointed in the place of Paul as one of the two witnesses raised up to do a great work in Jerusalem not however as one of the 12 but as the 13 apostle

[Letter: William Smith to Brigham Young]

35 years ago today - Oct 15, 1984

Steven F. Christensen is killed by Mark Hofmann.

[Palmyra Magic Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/palmyra-magic-timeline/]

60 years ago today - Oct 15, 1959

Howard W. Hunter is ordained an Apostle, replacing Henry D. Moyle, who had been called to the First Presidency.

175 years ago today - Oct 15, 1844

[Wilford Woodruff]

"I visited Lowel and held a meeting with the Lowell branch, It was rather a squally time dificulties appear to be rising in this quarter - some dissatisfaction, after I closed I was followed by Elder Wm Smith" (... it was on this day that all the men in the branch resigned from their priesthood offices, with the exception of [African-American] Elder Walker Lewis.)'

[Wilford Woodruff Journal as quoted in LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

175 years ago today - Oct 15, 1844

Signey Rigdon returns to Pittsburgh, PA; 500 secessionists follow him.

[Mormon Chronology, N. R. Tidd, http://www.exmormon.org/mhistory.html]

180 years ago today - Oct 15, 1839

Joseph heads a hundred men from Far West to defend Saints at Di-Ahman

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

180 years ago today - Mid-Oct. 1839

King Follett, the last prisoner in Missouri, is finally freed.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

25 years ago today - 25 years ago - Oct 14, 1994-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]

What's happening to Janice Allred is terrible. [[Janice Merrill Allred (1947-) was given a sentence of church "probation" on October 13, 1994, and excommunicated on May 9, 1995, for her publications on a heav- enly Mother. See Vern Anderson, "LDS Church Leaders to Decide Discipline for Feminist Writer," Salt Lake Tribune, Oct. 11, 1994; Lindholm, Latter-day Dissent, 131-55. Her hus- band, David D. Allred, taught physics at BYU.]] Mother of nine, a life-long active member and temple-goer, she faced a disciplinary council Wednesday night. Her daughter was married in the temple, she has one returned missionary son and a second in the MTC [Missionary Training Center]. She is far more orthodox than half the men in our High Priests Group. Yet because she published an article expressing some speculations the Brethren didn't like, she is called on the carpet. She thinks the Holy Ghost might be a woman. Terrible thought! Kill her! Anyway, they put her on probation for two weeks, told her not to talk to anybody about anything, told her not to take the Sacrament, etc. etc. I don't know what we can do to help her; we are indignant, even angry, we express our sympathy, but what else can we do? The search for truth is going down the cracks. Express an opinion that one apostle doesn't like and you are out; that is, if you publish it.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - 45 years ago - Oct 14, 1974

[Leonard J. Arrington]

Packer writes a four-page letter to the First Presidency about inappropriate material in Brigham Young's Letters to His Sons: (1) the use of tobacco and (2) conflict over Young's will. Hunter informs him that the letter should have come to him and was a breach of church protocol, but Packer becomes more outspoken in opposing publication of any uncomplimentary details about church history.

[Chronology, in Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, chronology by Joseph Geisner, and Lavina Fielding Anderson]

110 years ago today - 110 years ago - Oct 14, 1909

"The [First] Presidency read the article on the origin of man written by O.F. Whitney... As it will go out under our names the Presidency made a few changes." Published in Nov., the statement responds to the theory of organic evolution by affirming that Adam was the first man and progenitor of the human race. The statement does not deny the possibility of biological evolution preceding Adam. Its author believes in reincarnation.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Oct 14, 1949

[Spencer W. Kimball]

Had interviews with Pres. Clark and Pres. Smith on various important matters. Pres. Clark said he had read my doctor's certificate and he urged me to take an hour off every day to rest and some days off every once in a while to keep caught up with my health conditions. He was very kind but quite insistent. Later on he told Camilla as he passed her in the hall, how important they felt it was that I should take care of myself and not have recurrences of my heart affection.

[Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Oct 14, 1899

Salt Lake County attorney declines to issue warrant for President Lorenzo Snow due to insufficient evidence of unlawful cohabitation.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Tuesday, Oct 14, 1884

[Law of Adoption - Apostle John Henry Smith]

Liverpool

I received a letter from Clarence Merrill yesterday asking me to permit his Father to be adopted into my Fathers family. I wrote to him, yes!

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

170 years ago today - Oct 14, 1849 (Evening)

[Brigham Young]

When 8 or 12 went into England we took same course [as preceding missionaries] - we were there one year and sixteen days - we baptized about 8000 persons - it spread from one end to other of England ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 9-12-5, 57-59 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Oct 14. [1844]

[Brigham Young]

Went away in company with Elders H. C. Kimball and P. P. Pratt the distance of two hundred miles and located another place of gathering for the saints of God in a short time, but Nauvoo will be the head stake for the Saints to come to and receive their endowment, their anointings, washings &c &c in the house of the Lord which he has commanded to be built unto his holy name; there will also be many more stakes or places of gathering for the Saints of God.

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

175 years ago today - Oct 14, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

I spent the night at Br Phelps, And dreamed of being in the midst of rattle snakes. I had power to kill them. A few nights previous I saw a monster of a serpent. Tried to kill me but had no power.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - 1834 14 Oct.

Joseph Smith is defeated in his first attempt for elective office, coroner of Kirtland.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

60 years ago today - Oct 13, 1959

Marie Osmond, later an entertainer, musician, and member of the famous Osmond family performing group, is born in Ogden, Utah.

100 years ago today - Oct 13, 1919

Ricks College hosts its first football game.

140 years ago today - Oct 13, 1879

[J. L. Traughber]

"I personally heard him [David Whitmer] state, in January, 1877 [1876], in his own house in Richmond, Ray county, Mo., in most positive language, that he did truly see, in broad day-light, a bright and most beautiful being, an `angel from heaven,' who did hold in his hands the golden plates, which he turned over leaf by leaf, explaining the contents here and there." I have heard the same from the mouth of Father Whitmer, more than once; and every time I ever heard him tell the particulars of that glorious scene, he always told it just the same; and as far as I have ever heard, from reliable witnesses, he has always told the same story--"straight as a nail." Had Elder Smith stopped at the end of the above quoted sentence, I would have had no ground for bringing his name into this article; but he did not. He further adds: "He also described the size and general appearance of the plates, and he further said that he saw Joseph translate, by the aid of Urim and Thummim, time and again, and he then produced a large pile of foolscap paper closely written in a very fair hand, which he declared was the manuscript written mainly by Oliver Cowdery and Martin Harris, as the translation was being read by the aid of the Urim and Thummim of the characters on the plates by Joseph Smith, which work of translation and transcription he frequently saw." I, too, have seen the "manuscripts" and examined them. I, too, have heard Father Whitmer say that he was present many times while Joseph was translating; but I never heard him say that the translation was made by aid of Urim and Thummim; but in every case, and his testimony is always the same, he declared that Joseph first offered prayer, then took a dark colored, opaque stone, called a "seer-stone," and placed it in the crown of his hat, then put his face into the hat, and read the translation as it appeared before him. This was the daily method of procedure, as I have often heard Father Whitmer declare; and, as it is generally agreed to by parties who know the facts, that a considerable portion of the work of translation was performed in a room of his father's house, where he then resided, there can be no doubt but what Father David Whitmer is a competent witness of the manner of translating. I am aware of the fact that the "Urim and Thummim" story has long been foisted upon the world as the true account of the origin of the Book of Mormon; but the times demand, and, the interest of truth demands, that the truth should be told. We need not be afraid of truth; and I greatly doubt if anybody will be ultimately benefitted by the perpetuation of a falsehood, which was invented for the purpose of gaining prestige, in the minds of the people, for ambitious leaders. The proofs are clear and positive that the story of Urim and Thummim Translation does not date back, for its origin, further than 1833, or, between that date and 1835; for it is not found in any printed document of the Church of Christ up to the latter part of the year 1833, or the year 1834. The "Book of Commandments" to the Church of Christ, published in Independence, Mo., in 1833, does not contain any allusion to Urim and Thummim; though the term was inserted in some of the revelations in their reprint in the "Book of Doctrine and Covenants" in 1835. Who originated the Urim and Thummim story, I do not know; but this I do know, that it is not found in the first printed book of revelations to the Church of Christ, and there is other testimony to show that it is not true. It is proper to notice what it is claimed the Urim and Thummim was. P[arley]. P. and O[rson]. Pratt both say it was an instrument composed of two clear or transparent stones set in the two rims of a bow. It is also confounded with the "Interpreters," which were shaped something like a pair of ordinary spectacles, though larger. .... The mode of procedure consisted in Joseph's placing the Seer Stone in the crown of a hat, then putting his face into the hat, so as to entirely cover his face, resting his elbows upon his knees, and then dictating, word after word, while the scribe--Emma, John Whitmer, O. Cowdery, or some other, wrote it down." ...

J. L. TRAUGHBER, JR., MANDEVILLE, Mo., Oct. 13, 1879.

[J. L. Traughber to Editor, 13 October 1879, Saints' Herald 26 (15 November 1879): 341., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: J. L. Traughber To Saints' Herald]

170 years ago today - Oct 13, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

... I sent A Copy of the New York Herraid Weekly of Oct 13 to Orson Pratt, Orson Hyde, Allexander Badlam, & Joseph Russell. This Paper Contained An account of the Saints organizing themselves into An Independent Sovreign State called the state of Deseret And appointing their Govornor & other officers. Brigham Young was Elected Governor. This is certainly an important erie in the History of the Church & kingdom of God.

... they now find us organized into a State Government holding in our hands the Key of the North American Continant And that we will not die but live & rise up in the midst of all our oppressions ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

30 years ago today - Oct 12,1989

Deseret News reports that representative of Eli Lilly pharmaceutical company confirms that Utah has highest per-capita use in nation of anti-depressant Prozac.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

65 years ago today - Oct 12, 1954

George W. Romney is named president of American Motors in Detroit, Michigan. Other large national corporations (outside of the intermountain area) and international corporations which have Mormons as president, vice-president, CEO, chair of board, or general manager at various times are Aetna Life and Casualty (D. Lee Tobler), Alexander Hamilton Life Insurance (Richard H. Headlee), American Airlines (Melvin E. Olsen), American Broadcasting Co. (Robert H. Hinckley), American Linen Supply (Paul W. Jespersen, Arnold R. Knapp), American Smelting and Refining (Robert Bradford), American Telecommunications Corp. (Henry Marcheschi), Anaconda Copper (Howard L. Edwards, Charles Jay Parkinson), Asmera Oil Corp. of Canada (Howard S. Rhodes), Associated Dry Goods/Lord & Taylor stores (G. Stanley McAllister), Atari Games (Nolan Bushnell), Atlas Corp. (L. Boyd Hatch), Bank of America (Blair R. Egli, Richard V. Harris), Banker's Trust Co. of New York (William L. Snow), Beatrice Foods (Nolan D. Archibald), Bechtel Corp. and Bechtel Investments (Steven V. White), Beneficial Finance (DeWitt Paul), Bernina Sewing Machine (Richard Clyde Jensen), Black & Decker (Nolan D. Archibald), Black & Decker/Puerto Rico (Guillermo M. Perotti), California Healthcare System (Quentin L. Cook), Canada Loyal Insurance (Lawrence R. Fuller), Century Bank (Robert A Hinkle), Citibank (Dan C. Jorgensen), Clorox (Robert A. Bolingbroke), Columbia Broadcasting System (Ralph W. Hardy), Columbia Records (James B. Conkling), Conoco (Max G. Pitcher), Consolidated Freightways (Ronald E. Poelman), Continental Grain Corp. (Donald Shaehli), Continental Illinois Bank (David M. Kennedy, Paul J. Rands), Credit Data Corp. (Gerald L. Davey), Design Research International (William E. Garbett), Digital Equipment (Ralph N. Christensen), Dow Chemical (Wayne Hancock), Eastman Kodak (Kay R. Whitmore), Edison Brothers Shoes (Roy W. Oscarson, G. Richard Oscarson), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (Phillip R. Brinkerhoff), First Interstate Bank Corp. (Robert E. Greene), First National City Bank of New York (Wilford Farnsworth), General Mills (Delbert F. Wright, Mark H. Willes, Richard C. Edgley), Goldman-Sachs (A. Kim Smith), B.F. Goodrich (D. Lee Tobler), Gucci Stores (Harmon J. Tobler), Gwerdon Industries (J. Frederick Huckvale), Hallmark Cards of Canada (James R. Bradshaw), Hewlett-Packard (Richard W. Anderson), Hot Shoppes (J. Willard Marriott), Hughes Tool (Rodney H. Brady, Frank William Gay), International Marine Casualty Services (David C. Hatch), Japan Food Storage (Ryo Okamoto), Joseph Magnin Stores (Harmon J. Tobler), Kaiser Steel (Albert P. Heiner), M.W. Kellogg (Alex G. Oblad), Kentucky Fried Chicken (Leon W. Harman), Landa, Inc. (Larry C. Linton), Little Tikes/Rubbermaid (Gary Baughman), Litton Industries (Rudolph E. Lang Jr.), Lomas & Nettleson (Weston E. Edwards), Los Angeles Times-Mirror (Mark H. Willes), Lufthansa Airlines (Dieter F. Uchtdorf), Madison Square Garden (David W. Checketts), Marriott Hotels (J. Willard Marriott, Sr. and Jr., Richard E. Marriott, Milton A. Barlow, W. Don Ladd, Francis W. Cash, Thomas Hart), Merrill Lynch Real Estate and Insurance Group (Weston E. Edwards), Metromedia (Mark Evans Austad), Metropolitan Life Insurance (Stanley Benfell), Michigan National Bank (Stanford Stoddard), Multiple Zones International (Mark C. Maliwauki), Nabisco (Lee S. Bickmore), Nationwide Insurance (Timothy A. Hoyt, D. Richard McFerson), Nedco of Canada (Earl B. Matthews), Newsweek (Llewellyn L. Callaway), New York Clearing House (John F. Lee), NMB Technologies (Myron D. Jones), North American Healthcare (David E. Sorensen), Olson Egg Farms (C. Dean Olson, H. Glenn Olson), Olympic Stain (C. Roger Victor), Ortho Agricultural Products (David B. Barlow), Pacific Corp. (Verl R. Topham), Pacific Mutual Life Insurance (Stanton Hale), Pacific West Yellow Pages (Richard A. Seay), Pay'n Save (Monte L. Bean), J.C. Penney (Oakley S. Evans), Pennzoil Exploration and Production (Rondo Fehlberg), Phillips Petroleum (Robert N. Sears), Prudential Insurance (James B. Jacobsen), Range Rover of North America (Joel E. Greer), Republic National Life Insurance (Samuel P. Smoot), Reynolds Metals (Neil W. Zundel), Rose Marie Reid Swimsuits (Rose Marie Reid), Royal Industries (Jay R. Manwaring), Ryder Rental Trucks (M. Anthony Burns), Safeway Stores (O. Leslie Stone), Sambo Restaurants (Sam Battistone Jr.) Seibi Printing of Japan (Kihachiro Ichimichi), Seiko Time (Donovan H. Larsen), Shaklee (Nevin N. Andersen), Six Flags Amusement Parks (Daniel P. Howells), Skaggs Stores (O. Leslie Stone), Souther California Edison (Thomas F. Bryson, William R. Gould), Sperry Univac (Gerald G. Probst), Stouffer Hotels and Restaurants (Clayne R. Smith), Summa Corp. (Frank William Gay), Sunline Candy and Sunmark (Menlo F. Smith), TAPSA Peruvian Airlines (Frederick S. Williams, Jose S. Ojeda), Topco Associates (W. Steven Rubow), Trans-Canada Pipe Lines (N. Eldon Tanner), Union Carbide (Isaac Stewart), Union Carbide/South Africa (James W. Rawlings), United California Bank (James C. Ellsworth), United Virginia Bankshares (Kenneth A. Randall), UNOCAL (Dennis P.R. Codon), Von's/Arden-Mayfair Markets (J. Earl Garret), Warner Bros. Records (James B. Conkling), Weight Watchers/Heinz U.S.A. (Douglas C. Haines), Western Airlines (Larry Lee), Western Electric (Stephen H. Fletcher), Winchell's/Denny's Restaurants (John D. Hatch), Woolworth Stores (Robert Kirkwood), Evelyn Wood Reading Dynamics (Evelyn Nielsen Wood), Zero Halliburton Luggage (Jay R. Manwaring). Intermountain-based companies of national stature (not owned or controlled by the LDS church) which have Mormon executives from their inception or at various times are Albertson's Supermarkets, Associate Foods, Evans and Sutherland Computer Corp., First Security Bank, Franklin Quest, Geneva Steel, Huntsman Chemicals, Husky Oil, J.B.'s/Big Boy Restaurants, Little America Hotels, Micron Technology, Morton-Thiokol, Novell, J.R.Simplot Corp., Sinclair Oil, Smith's Food King Stores, Swire Coca-Cola USA, O.C. Tanner Jewelry, Wilson Food Products, WordPerfect.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Oct 12, 1949

[David O. McKay]

Mark Petersen called'Said Junius Jackson could tell me about Bishop Hunt's talk (I believe in Chicago) during which Bishop Hunt made the statement that the Catholics here are having such a time with the Mormons because we are 'running everything', and that missionary work is extremely difficult and that it is the reason they are appealing for funds. Bro. Petersen said he would call Brother Jackson and have him come in and give me the facts. Said that Bro. Benson on two or three occasions has had incidents regarding Bishop Hunt called to his attention. ...

Report on visit with Bishop Duane G. Hunt of the Catholic church October 12, 1949:

President McKay reported that yesterday he accepted an invitation from Bishop Hunt of the Catholic Church to meet him at the Holy Cross Hospital this morning at 10 o'clock. President McKay said that Bishop Hunt greeted him courteously and invited him into his private office at the hospital. President McKay summarized the conference as follows:

Bishop Hunt said, 'I am very much perturbed over this pamphlet, for the publication of which I will take the blame. I did not prepare it, but in a thoughtless moment I did approve it.' 'I was caught off guard and I am to blame,''he repeated that. ... Bishop Hunt continued, 'when we found out that our own people objected to it, and that your people especially had objected to it, we discontinued the distribution of the pamphlet.' ...

Now, said Bishop Hunt. 'I would explain that Mission means something different from the meaning you give to it. The term mission, explained Bishop Hunt, 'is used by Catholics in two senses: one for propaganda in non-Christian countries; another in the sense of a mission in a parish, in which the Priest has insufficient funds to carry on his work. We have such a mission in Richfield; we have such a mission in Davis County. When, for example, the Priest down in Richfield is unable to support himself.' (I interrupted and said, 'You mean from the Catholic membership in that Parish, and Bishop Hunt said, Yes) 'Then,' he continued, 'he must call on me for additional funds. It is in this latter sense that we use this term mission in the pamphlet.'

President McKay said: 'I rather think, Bishop, that the people of the United States would not have that distinction in mind, because it says on the pamphlet, 'A Foreign Mission Close to Home.''

Bishop Hunt replied 'I realize that it would be hard for me to make you believe otherwise.' ...

President McKay said, 'Well, now to us that meant that you are doing missionary work here.'

'I can understand that,' said Bishop Hunt, 'but believe me, we are not carrying on missionary work in the sense of propaganda here in these Western States.'

President McKay told Bishop Hunt that he would so report to his associates in the Presidency. ...

'Furthermore,' said Bishop Hunt, 'I have been attacked recently by our Priests because the report has gone out that the Mormons are attacking the Catholics in Utah, and that I, as the Bishop, am doing nothing in retaliation, and,' said Bishop Hunt, 'I am not doing anything, and I do not propose to do anything. Whenever an article was about to appear, I have telephoned them to stop it, if I have known about it.' Bishop Hunt gave me special instances. He said 'Our paper out in Denver will probably print something; I am not sure whether I can stop that or not. There is a feeling throughout the United States (this is from our side now) that the Latter-day Saints are persecuting the Catholics and are going to drive them out of the city, and they blame me for doing nothing about it.'

Bishop Hunt said, 'We are not circulating any of these pamphlets.'

President McKay said, 'We are; we are putting a copy of it in the hands of every one of our Priesthood throughout the Church.'

Bishop Hunt made no comment.

President McKay said''Have you seen our answer to it?'

Bishop Hunt said 'No.'

President McKay said, 'I will send you one. We cannot stop that, because it has already been distributed.'

Bishop Hunt said, 'I am truly sorry; undoubtedly that will fall into hands of the Catholics.' ...

In corroboration of what Bishop Hunt said about his efforts to keep peace between the two churches, he cited some accusations that had been made by members of our Church, including one apostate'

1. The answer of the Deseret News to an attack made by the 'Catholic Register' was very caustic, and the Catholics insisted that Bishop Hunt 'come back at us' but Bishop Hunt said: 'No, we started this thing, and we will stop it.'

2. Remark made by Joseph F. Smith when he was Patriarch to the effect that if the Catholic religion were combed with a fine tooth comb, you would be unable to find one of them who believes in the resurrection of the body from the grave. Bishop Hunt said: 'Members of our Church insisted that we publicize this as a most erroneous statement, but I said: 'No, we shall pay no attention to it.'' Bishop Hunt then said: 'That remark is just as ridiculous as I should say that you could comb the Mormon Church with a fine tooth comb and not find one of them who believes in baptism.'

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Oct 12, 1904

Josephine Lyons tells Angus M. Cannon that her mother Sylvia Sessions Lyon on her deathbed in 1882 told her that Joseph Smith was actually her father, not Windsor P. Lyon to whom Sylvia had been legally married. Angus M. Cannon told Joseph Smith III that Brigham Young had referred to her in 1877: "That girl, I believe, is living today in Bountiful, north of this city. I heard Prest. Young, a short time before his death [in August 1877], refer to the report and remark that he had never seen the girl, but he would like to see her for himself, that he might determine if she bore any likeness to your father."

[DNA testing has since determined that her father was Windsor, not Joseph. It remains a matter of speculation why Silvia said Joseph was the father instead of Windsor.]

[Angus Munn Cannon, `Statement of an interview with Joseph Smith, III, 1905,' regarding conversation on October 12, 1904, MS 3166, LDS Church Archives" as quoted in "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

130 years ago today - Oct 12, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]

At ten there was a meeting of the Apostles in the Gardo House. Prayer by A.H. Cannon. Prest. Woodruff said that there had been an effort since the death of Prest. Taylor on the part of the Apostles to transfer all the financial affairs of the church to the Presiding Bishop and his counselors. Said that the proper place for the funds of the Church was to have them under the control of the Presidency and the Apostles. He made a number of remarks that would reflect on the action of the Salary Committee that had acted before the formation of the Presidency. He felt that we had now got the Cart before the horse and it was therefore hard shoving. He called on all that were present to express their feelings in the premises. Prest. Cannon said that in as much as he had not agreed with the brethren in their actions in financial matters at the death of Prest. Taylor that he would for the present be pleased to be excused from saying anything.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 12, 1889

[Apostle Brigham Young Jr.]

Pres[iden]t W. expressed great concern about me fearful that I should fall into the hands of my enemies. Drove home after dark, saw no spotters ...

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Oct 12, 1854

Prayer by Elder G. A. Smith. Elder O. Pratt read the 68th Psalm, which the choir chanted. ... While the emblems were being passed, President Brigham young delivered a highly interesting discourse which held the vast audience as it were spellbound. On motion of Elder Hyde, it was unanimously voted that all members of this church who go out on the roads to trade, or who go to California, or any other place outside of this Territory, without being sent, or counseled to do so, be cut off from the church.

[Deseret News, Oct as quoted in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthy Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

170 years ago today - Oct 12, 1849

[Finances]

The First Presidency announces the creation of the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company and Perpetual Emigrating Fund to assist impoverished Latter-day Saints living abroad with the expense of traveling to Utah. The company begins its operations in early 1850 with $5,000, successfully leading a wagon train from Kanesville, Iowa, to Salt Lake City. By the fall of 1850, the fund has grown to $20,000.

PEF loans to Latter-day Saints to assist them in traveling to Utah eventually create an immense amount of debt owed to the church. At the time of Brigham Young's death in 1877, more than $1 million is owed to the fund by emigrants.

[http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/282148/]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball marriages]

wife #10. Sarah Lawrence (Smith Kimball Mount, former plural wife of Joseph Smith), 1826-1872. Divorced HCK in 1851, time only.

wife #11. Martha McBride (Knight Smith Kimball, former plural wife of Joseph Smith), 1805-1891. Separated from HCK, time only.

[Hatch, Charles M. and Compton, Todd M. editors, 'A Widow's Tale: 1884-1896 Diary of Helen Mar Kimball Whitney' p. 37]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball]

Got a barel of flower [flour] of B. Young. I was complained of [to state authorities for helping to build an arsenal and for treason].

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1844

Sidney Rigdon: Sustained "first president of the church" [after Joseph Smith's death a few months earlier] by supporters 12 Oct. 1844

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]