130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Friday, May 25th, 1888

[Authority Abraham H. Cannon]
[George Q. Cannon] told me that at the dedication of the Manti temple there were some remarkable manifestations of God's power. Various personages were seen. Phoebe Beatie saw a person standing behind D. C. Young while he was speaking. Halos were seen about the heads of several brethren, notably Apostle John W. Taylor. Voices were heard shouting "Hosannah," and singing was heard Bro. John S. Lewis stating that he could distinguish the various parts. These were encouraging evidences to the Saints that God is pleased with the work done, and still lives to control His Church

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

160 years ago today - 160 years ago - May 25, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
President Young spent the fore part of the day in the office. While speaking of Col Kane President Young said Col Kane did say to President Buchannan that he owed Gov Young an apology for sending an army to Utah in the way he did and persuing the Course he had towards the people of that territory and He should make that apology to Gov Young for President Buchannan and he was an agent sufficient to do it./...

While speaking upon the subject of treason and being tried for treason, He Said to Hosea Stout I want to have you get all the testimony upon that subject you can together in the defence. I should show that I as the Governor of this Territory had a right to resist an armed force entering into this Territory In as much as the Presidet of the United States gave me no notice of sending an army to this Territory or of removing me from office. Then Show that the Presidet of the United States had no right to make war upon any states or Territory upon mere rumour untill investigating the subjet. ...

Presidet Young said I will not be tried in a Court by our Enemies while under their power. It will be Settelled either amicably or by the rifle....

He soon Called at the Historians office with a proposition to sell us 30,000,000 acres of land in the Musketoe Country [Nicaragua] for 10 cts per acre one third to be paid down when we take possession of the Country & the remander to be in instalments annually with 10 per cts interest all to be paid within 10 years. The Presidet refused to purchase & wrote an answer accordingly.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 25, 1843

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
25 We finished digging my suller. I also Commenced diging me a well. I made a eurbe

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 25, 1838

[Joseph Smith Diary]
/25th/, Friday This day our company Went up the river and made some locations. In the after part of the day we struck our tents and moved to Col[onel] Wight's.

[Source: Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1838, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

70 years ago today - May 25, 1948

[J. Reuben Clark]
Mr. [Doyle] Green also brought in an article by Homer Durham in which he quoted Pres. Clark about "the law going out from America" and in a way interpreted his statement. Pres. Clark said he did not care anything about that.

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

75 years ago today - May 24, 1943

Bernard DeVoto writes "It is lugubriously true that the orthodox Mormon mind cannot tolerate any objective treatment of Mormon history whatever. . . . All Mormon actions have always been pure and sanitary; all criticism of them has always been evil and mendacious. Who is not for them is against them. . . . This is what I have sometimes called the Mormon Inferiority complex. Something of the sort is, of course, a part of all religious orthodoxy. Yet it is perfectly possible for any writer to handle any other religion in America objectively and be answered objectively in turn. It is not possible of the Mormons."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

125 years ago today - 24 May 1893 - Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
President Snow had expressed a strong desire to have the First Presidency take part in giving the first endowments. Today is the first day for giving endowments. ...

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

125 years ago today - May 24, 1893

Suicide of businessman William H. Jennings, the first prominent Utah Mormon male to commit suicide. This is during a national economic depression which bankrupts many Utahns. George A. Mears, another "financially ruined" Salt Lake City businessman and "a friend to the 'Mormons'" also commits suicide on 8 July.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - May 24, 1888

[Wilford Woodruff to Don Carlos Young]
... In the Logan and Manti Temples the rooms designed for the ordinance of [the] second anointing are quite plain. In this Temple [Salt Lake] the rooms should be as well situated and at least as elegantly decorated as any other room in the building, so as to impress those who receive this sacred ordinance with its importance and elevated and solemn character. It would be well if two small dressing rooms could be nearby or connected with it. ... We shall from time to time, probably, make further suggestions as they may occur to us in regard to the interior arrangements of the Temple. We desire that the greatest pains will be taken by yourself to have everything done in the most perfect manner, and so carefully considered beforehand that we will not be under the necessity of making changes or tearing down work that has already been done. We know that you have labored under disadvantages because of the incompleteness of the plans turned over to you, and also because of the improvements that you have felt compelled to make in those plans. ...

[Source: Wilford Woodruff to Don Carlos Young, May 24, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

130 years ago today - May 24, 1888

Deseret News reports that a polygamist's legal wife "attempted to kill herself by cutting her throat with a razor" when she is subpoenaed to testify against him.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

140 years ago today - May 24, 1878

John Taylor to Daniel Tyler, 24 May 1878, regarding Tyler's forthcoming book, Concise History of the Mormon Battalion: "All that I have any desire the Church should do in the matter is to have it looked over by someone appointed by the Council of the Apostles before publication, and eliminate from it anything that is deemed undesirable to publish, should it so happen that any such be found."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

155 years ago today - May 24, 1863

[Brigham Young]
I suppose this is one of the lowest kingdoms that ever the Lord Almighty created, and on that account is capable of becoming exalted to be one of the highest kingdoms that has ever had an exaltation in all the eternities. In proportion as it has been reduced so it will be exalted, with that portion of its inhabitants who in their humiliation have cleaved to righteousness and acknowledged God in all things. In proportion as it has been reduced so it will be exalted, with that portion of its inhabitants who in their humiliation have cleaved to righteousness and acknowledged God in all things. In proportion to our fall through sin, so shall we be exalted in the presence of our Father and God, through Jesus Christ and by living the righteousness of his Gospel. All this the people will understand in due time through their faithfulness ...

Those who are counted worthy to dwell with the Father and the Son have previously received an education fitting them for that society; they have been made fully acquainted with every pass-word, token and sign which have enabled them to pass by the porters through the doors into the celestial kingdom. We have been traditioned to think that to rise up and speak in a meeting is to bear the cross of Christ.

[Source: Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:170-178; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - May 24, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
I met with President B Young & H. C. Kimball & O Pratt G A Smith A Lyman C. C. Rich A. Carrington Cummings Sprague and held an interview with two men from Niquiorgo [Nicaragua] as Agents from Mr Kenny owner of some thirty millions of Acres of land in the Musketoe Kingdom. They Come to make proposals to the Latter Day Saints to go and occupy that Country.

... G. A. Smith said by the time we have got their and spent several years in improving the Country the[re/n?] they would pour in by thousands and take what we have. ...

B Young said Bless your soul I have more Confidence In the governments than they have. All they care about it is they want to get power & they will use it. What do the United States Care about the Constitution? Houper said they are doing away with the Constitution as fast as they Can. Their is no people in the Nation that Keep the Law as well as this people. ...

Mr Cooper said the Country was as Healthy as this. It Contains the Mountains Rolling, & bottom lands. There is a great amount of logwood, rosewood and all kinds of woods and fruits that grow in that Climate, sugar Cane indigo and all kinds of fruits grow spontaineously....

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

35 years ago today - May 23, 1983

Newspapers reveal that Apostle Mark E. Petersen is leading the inquisition against Mormons who have written articles for independent publications 'Sunstone' and 'Dialogue.' Although stake presidents nationally are instructed to interview such contributors, BYU faculty members are the focus of special attention. When the First Presidency learns of this, second counselor Gordon B. Hinckley tells apostles to stop this investigation immediately.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

65 years ago today - May 23, 1953

Apostle Spencer W. Kimball publishes a repudiation of Norman C. Pierce's 'The Coming of the Great White Chief': "If members of the Church would always check the authenticity of such stories, through the Church authorities before spreading them abroad, it would save much embarrassment and deception."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - May 23, 1893 (Tuesday)

The Salt Lake Temple was opened for ordinance work, under the immediate direction of the First Presidencyâ€"Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon and Joseph F. Smith. The following were the officers; Lorenzo Show, president; John R. Winder, first assistant; Adolph Madson, second assistant; John Nicolson, chief recorder; Joseph H. Dean, janitor; William H. Salmon, doorkeeper, Zina D.H. Young, president of sisters' department, with Bathsheba W. Smith and Minnie J. Snow, her assistants.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

130 years ago today - May 23, 1888

[Heber J. Grant]
I regret more than words of mine can tell the absence of a majority of the members of our quorum from the dedication [of the Manti temple] and my gratitude will know no bounds when in the kind providences of our Heavenly Father our quorum can meet as they did before the raid under the Edmunds Tucker bill started. No pen can picture the sufferings and heart aches our people have undergone. I take no pleasure in thinking about them or writing anything on the subject.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

Wednesday, May 23, 1888

[John Henry Smith]
Manti

The people passed through the rooms of the house. 2,200 persons were said to be present.

The heavens were opened. Sacred choirs sang, Angles were seen, Hallos of light encircled the head of the Priesthood and joy filled our hearts. It was the day of days and none present will ever forget it.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

135 years ago today - 23 May 1883 ¿ Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
[Daniel H.] Wells desired to be excused from dressing. There had been an unpleasant scene between Bro. Brigham [Young Jr.] and he at our last meeting, and Bro. Brigham supposing that he might not be willing to dress on account of this, went and asked what his reason was for not dressing. Bro. Wells acknowledged that he could not dress with the feelings that he had ... Considerable feeling was manifested by him at remarks which Bro. Brigham had made at the last meeting, and Bro. Brigham manifested some heat today, but finally asked Bro. Wells to forgive him and he would make any reparation in his power if he had hurt his feelings, though he had not done so intentionally. Bro. Wells did not seem satisfied at this and kept up his conversation until considerable feeling was again raised, and Bro. Brigham and I had to insist on Bro. Wells not speaking any more; that it would not be proper to go into an investigation of the matter there as some of the brethren who were present at the last meeting were now absent, and I should prefer that they be present. The scene was very painful to us who were witnesses of it, and something will have to be done by them to al[l]ay it for it is not proper that such feelings should exist among men of their standing.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

175 years ago today - May 23, 1843

[William Clayton]
Conversed with H. C. K. concerning a plot that is being laid to entrap the brethren of the secret priesthood [polygamists] by bro. H. [Hyrum Smith] and others. ...

Prest. stated to me that he had had a little trouble with sis E. [Emma] he was asking E. [Eliza] Partridge concerning Jackson conduct during prest. absence & E came up stairs. he shut to the door not knowing who it was and held it. She came to the door & called Eliza 4 times & tried to force open the door. prest. opened it & told her the cause &c. She seemed much irritated.

[Source: The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - May 23, 1843

Emma gives permission for Joseph to be sealed to Emily and Eliza Partridge, not knowing that they are already his plural wives.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

175 years ago today - May 23, 1843

Prest Young continued [to the missionaries going to the sandwich Islands]. Keep union among yourselves. be servants to each others. when you arrive never say that the missionaries are wrong.'attend their meetings.'get the hearts of the people. go help build up a methodist church & till you get the hearts of the people,'tell the Methodist the Presbyterians are right &c.'never will do any thing with argument. do not contend against the missionaries

[Source: Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

35 years ago today - Sunday, May 22, 1983.

Dawn Tracy publishes an article in the Provo Daily Herald reporting that she talked to fourteen Mormon writers in four states who "had been questioned" by local ecclesiastical leaders. All had contributed to Dialogue, Sunstone, or the Seventh East Press. Roy Doxey, former BYU dean of religious education, says that Apostle Mark E. Petersen "ordered the investigations." Elder Petersen, whose assignment has long been the investigation and suppression of fundamentalist Mormons, has apparently expanded his mandate to include other individuals whom he defines as enemies of the church. In 1962 he told a conference of seminary and Institute faculty, "In teaching the gospel there is no academic freedom. . . . There is only fundamental orthodox doctrine and truth."

Three of the writers who were investigated are faculty members at BYU. Jack Newell, co-editor of Dialogue, comments, "We are gravely concerned that the faith of any Latter-day Saint would be questioned including the basis of his or her commitment to legitimate scholarship and the free exchange of ideas."

Scott Faulring's stake president chastised him for his writings but admitted he had never read the offending articles. This stake president also "warned him to be cautious in his writing" and refused to tell him "who asked him to talk to me," said Faulring. Gary James Bergera of Provo, also interviewed, commented: "My stake president told me that if the prophet told me to do something wrong, I would be blessed if I obeyed. . . . He said what I had written was anti-Mormon because it wasn't uplifting." The stake president, Penrod Glazier, singled out an article about Jerald and Sandra Tanner published in Seventh East Press and a news story Gary had co-authored on an anti-Mormon conference in Alta published in Sunstone Review. According to Bergera, the stake president "said it was clear in the article that I didn't support the Tanners. . . . But because I interviewed them I came close to supporting them." Bergera's stake president denies that he is acting on orders from anyone else but several years later confirms to another stake president that he was asked to "watch over" Bergera by Elder Mark E. Petersen. Other writers questioned are Armand Mauss, Thomas G. Alexander, David John Buerger, Lester Bush, Edward A. Ashment, Jeff Keller, and Richard Sherlock. Carlos Whiting, a Mormon writer from Silver Spring, Maryland, is quoted as saying the writers who were interviewed are upset and adds, "Anti- intellectualism being manifest in the church is contrary to basic doctrine. . . . More serious, however, seems to be the inept approach of the various leaders involved in the inquiries."

J. D. Williams denounces the proceedings as "an inquisition" and adds, "Passing ecclesiastical judgment on writers who have conducted serious, historical research is a denial of everything the church stands for." When Peggy Fletcher learns that her bishop also received a call, she goes to a "high church official to complain. It was later learned on good authority, she said, that the Council of Twelve Apostles was asked to lay off and, indeed, the calls abruptly ended."

During this same period, Maxine Hanks, a returned missionary who is working on Seventh East Press and teaching Sunday classes at the Mission Training Center, is released with no reason being given. When she insists on meeting with her supervisor, he denies that her release has anything to do with the Seventh East Press. "It wasn't that you weren't good enough or smart enough--and it wasn't that you weren't pretty enough," she remembers him saying. "If I had to give a reason, I would say that you are perhaps a little too intelligent for the elders. You are perhaps a little too intellectual." He will not discuss the possibility of a revised approach or reengaging her to teach.

These episodes are not without their comic side. Linda King Newell is under ecclesiastical investigation both for her prize- winning and controversial biography of Emma Hale Smith, co- authored with Valeen Tippetts Avery (New York: Doubleday, 1984) and for her co-editorship of Dialogue. She is at the time serving in her ward's Relief Society presidency while Jack is serving in the bishopric. An unnamed man, identifying himself as "the director of correlation," calls the other counselor in the bishopric, asks whether Linda has a temple recommend, and, upon being informed that she does, asks someone in the background to "hand me the file on Linda Newell." After a few more questions about Linda's worthiness, the caller terminates the conversation. The following Sunday the counselor takes Linda aside and asks, "Now, which general board have you been called to?" Peggy Fletcher's bishop reportedly assumes that the call to him is also for clearance for a general board calling and recommends her in enthusiastic terms.

Ron Priddis learns from a relative as early as 1976 that Elder Petersen "has a file" on him. But these episodes, known collectively as the Petersen Inquisition or the Petersen Witch Hunt, are important for establishing (1) that files are being kept systematically on writers for independent LDS publications and (2) that others besides Petersen are involved in creating and maintaining these files.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

50 years ago today - May 22, 1968

[David O. McKay and counselors]
It has come to our attention that in some of the temples[,] instruction has been given to those going through to receive their endowments prior to entering into the marriage covenant that they must not remove the temple garment during the time of sexual relations. We have authorized no such instruction or advice. We feel that this is a matter of such intimate nature that it must be left with the persons concerned. We therefore ask that you govern yourselves accordingly.

[Source: David O. McKay, Hugh B. Brown, and N. Eldon Tanner to temple presidents, May 22, 1968, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

75 years ago today - May 22, 1943

USS Joseph Smith, a Liberty class ship, was launched in Richmond, Calif. Ceremonies included a tribute to Joseph Smith and a description of the Church's part in the war effort.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

110 years ago today - May 22, 1908

[Joseph F. Smith and counselors]
People who are not members of the Church during their lifetime are not eligible to receive second blessings [anointings]. They should not only have been members of the Church, but their faithfulness and worthiness to receive these blessings should be unquestioned, and besides the line has been drawn in favor of those who have either gathered with the body of the Church or died on their way to the gathering place, all others are left to be dealt with by the authority on the other side of the veil.

[Source: Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund to Oleen N. Stohl, May 22, 1908, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

130 years ago today - May 22, 1888

[Wilford Woodruff]
You ask whether a person who has once been married in the Endowment House or Temple, and is left a widow or a widower, commit[s] adultery by marrying again when the ceremony is performed by a justice of the peace or civil officer. There is a manifest impropriety, which every Latter-day Saint who has had his or her endowments should perceive, in such a person going to a civil officer to have a ceremony of marriage performed. The fact that such a person does so is an evidence that he or she is falling away, because if in good standing a recommendation could be obtained for the Temple, where the ceremony could be performed according to the order which God has instituted. But a person marrying under such circumstances does not commit adultery.

You ask some other questions concerning how many living wives a man must have to fulfil the law. When a man, according to the revelation, marries a wife under the holy order which God has revealed and then marries another in the same way, he enters into the new and everlasting covenant, and so far as he has gone he has obeyed the law. I know of no requirement which makes it necessary for a man to have three living wives at a time.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff to Samuel A. Woolley, May 22, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

150 years ago today - May 22, 1868

President Brigham Young gave to the School of the Prophets the term of the railroad contract and acknowledging the hand of the Lord in giving this people the privilege of performing the work, thus keeping away from our midst the swarms of scalawags that the construction of the railway would bring here.

[Source: Journal History of the Church, Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 2 (2002), in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 22, 1843

Joseph Smith's personal secretary records that on May 22nd, 1843, Smith's first wife Emma found Joseph and Eliza Partridge secluded in an upstairs bedroom at the Smith home. Emma was devastated.

[Source: William Clayton's journal entry for 23 May; Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

55 years ago today - May 21, 1963

Although Mormon Birchers later became famous for "espionage" at Brigham Young University, anti-Birch Mormons were also involved in similar subterfuge. LDS bishop and political scientist J. D. Williams referred in May 1963 to "one of my `spies' in the local Birch Society in Salt Lake City." He felt justified in this approach toward "the Birchers, who hate me . . ."

[Source: J. D. Williams to James M. Whitmire, 21 May 1963. Reed Benson had already targeted Williams for classroom surveillance at the University of Utah. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

70 years ago today - May 21, 1948

[First Presidency letter]
To Presidents of Stakes and Presidents of Missions

... because of the present excessive costs, [we thought] that it would be wise to postpone all building operations ...

[Source: Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

105 years ago today - May 21, 1913

The National Council of the Boy Scouts of America invites the Church's MIA Scout organization to formally join the BSA, thus beginning a long association between the two groups.

115 years ago today - May 21, 1903

[Thomas A. Clawson]
"Learned to day that John Hanson Local Editor of the Deseret News was a trator (Sic) to his brethren and was doing things and having things printed in the paper that was detrimental to the Church and and (Sic) the people generally also that he had accepted a bribe to work against the interests of the people Also that two reporters of the News had said in the presence of detective Sheets and others that they knew Henry S. Tanner was a poligamist and these were or claimed to be members of the Church. What can we expect if our own people go about making such statements.[?]"

[Source: Diary Excerpts of Thomas A. Clawson, Signature Books Library, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

115 years ago today - Thursday, May 21, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
The clerk read a letter from Mr. G. Edmonds, attorney, Carthage, Ill., in which he stated that Mrs. [Eliza M.] Browning, the owner of the Carthage jail, in which the Prophet Joseph Smith was martyred, contemplated going to California to reside and would dispose of the property for $4,000. He now addressed this letter of inquiry to the Presidency, thinking that perhaps the church would like to make the purchase. ... The question was pretty thoroughly discussed and, in view of the fact that the Carthage jail was a building of great historic interest to the Latter-day Saints and in fact to the world, it became the sense of the council that the Presidency take such steps as might be necessary looking to the purchase of the property to the best advantage and that a bureau of information and depot for our church works he established in it. ...

Elder Smoot, speaking of the German missionary persecutions, said that this present persecution was brought on, or at least encouraged, by Mr. [Charlemagne] Tower, the United States ambassador to Germany, and he felt that some steps should be taken to reach the ambassador, and thereby bring about a modification of the situation. ...

Pres. Lund, referring to the German missionary situation, said that the matter had gone beyond Mr. Tower. Felt that it would be good policy to remain quiet for the present. If the German government look upon our people as being obnoxious and act accordingly, the United States government could do nothing. ...

Pres. Smith at this point made some very interesting remarks, in brief, as follows. We are not in a position legally, or in a popular sense, to assert our rights. We can pray to the Lord and petition governments for our rights, but cannot force our way. The whole world is against us; hence, our best policy is meekness and humility. ...

Pres. Winder endorsed the remarks of Pres. Smith, as also did Elder Jno. H. Smith. Elder Clawson moved that, as a council, we endorse the wise and prudent sentiments expressed by Pres. Smith and adopt them as the sense of the meeting. Carried by unanimous vote.

Pres. Smith suggested to Elder Smoot that he be very wise and politic in his attitude to congressmen and also endeavor to maintain good feelings with his colleague, Senator [Thomas] Kearns.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

130 years ago today - May 21, 1888

[James E. Talmage]
The Manti Temple is publicly dedicated g by Elder Lorenzo Snow.

[Source: Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

170 years ago today - May 21, 1848

[Heber C. Kimball marriage]
Wife #39. Mary Dull (Duell?), 1807-?.

[Source: Hatch, Charles M. and Compton, Todd M. editors, 'A Widow's Tale: 1884-1896 Diary of Helen Mar Kimball Whitney' p. 37]

175 years ago today - May 21, 1843

requested the people to get out of their alleys and if they did not keep them clear he might some time run up and down and might hit some of them and called on Bro[ther] Morey to constable to keep the alleys clear. After singing Joseph read 1st chap[ter] 2d Epistle of Peter. ...

I have not an idea there has been a great many very good men since Adam. There was one good man, Jesus. /Many think a prophet must be a great deal better than any body else/ Suppose I would condescend. Yes, I will /call it/ condescend to be a great deal better than any of you, I would be raised up to the highest heaven, and who should I have to accompany me. I love that man better who swears a stream as long as my arm and [is attentive to] administering to the poor and dividing his substance, than the long smoothed faced hypocrites.

I don't want you to think I am very righteous, for I am not very righteous.

We were eyewitnesses of his majesty and heard the voice of his excellent glory, and what could be more sure? Transfigured on the mount &c. and what could be more sure? ...

[I am like a] Rough stone rol[l]ing down [a] hill.

Three grand secrets lying in this chapter [2 Peter 1] which no man can dig out which unlocks the whole chapter. What is written are only hints of things which existed in the prophet's mind which are not written concerning eternal glory....

... After adding all this virtue, knowledge, and make your calling sure. ... There could not any[thing] be given pertaining to life and Godliness without knowledge.

Wo, wo, wo to Christendom, the divine spirits, &c. If this be true, Salvation is for a man to be saved from all his enemies. Until a man can triumph over death he is not saved. Knowledge will do this.

Organization of spirits in the Eternal World. Spirits in the Eternal world are like spirits in this world. When those spirits have come into this [world] risin and received glorified bodies, they will have an ascendency over spirits who have no bodies, or kept not their first estate like the devil. Devil's punishment, should not have a habitation like the other men. Devil's retaliation [was to] come into this world, bind up men's bodies and occupy [them] himself. Authorities come along and eject him from a stolen habitation.

Design of the Great God in sending us into this world and organizing us to prepare us for the Eternal World. ...

After all this make your calling and election sure. If this injuncti[o]n would lay largely on those to whom it was spoken. [Then] How much more there [is in this] to them of the 19th century.

1st Key - Knowledge in the power of Salvation.

2nd Key- Make his calling and Election sure.

3rd It is one thing to be on the mount and hear the excellent voice &c., &c. and another /to hear the/ voice declare to you, "You have a part and lot in the kingdom."

[Source: Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - May 20, 1883

Salt Lake City police arrest seventeen boys for "breaking the Sabbath" by playing baseball on Sunday.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - 175 years ago - May 20, 1843

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith sent an explanation of the word -"Mormon-" to the Church newspaper Times and Seasons in response to erroneous views held by -"men that profess to be learned.-",

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

55 years ago today - May 19, 1963

Someone ... burned a Nazi swastika in the lawn of Reed Benson's house shortly after his appointment as state coordinator for the John Birch Society.

[Source: "Vandals, Reds, Loaded Queries Plague Utah's Bircher Benson," Portland Oregonian, 19 May 1963, 16, with photo of Reed beside the swastika vandalism. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - May 19, 1963

Ezra Taft Benson had identified Martin Luther King as a Communist.

[Source: "Benson Ties Rights Issue to Reds in Mormon Rift," Washington Post, 19 May 1963, E-l, E-7. Benson told BYU students that the American civil rights movement was "Communist inspired" and that its unnamed leader was a Communist sympathizer, if not an actual Communist. The publication of this talk identified King in the index as this Communist civil rights leader. See Benson, An Enemy Hath Done This, ed. Jerreld L. Newquist (Salt Lake City: Parliament Publishers, 1969), 310,361. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

85 years ago today - May 19, 1933

[Heber J. Grant]
J. Golden Kimball called shortly after ten o'clock, and I had a long talk with him regarding his speech at Conference. I told him that under no circumstances would I consent to having his speech remodeled the way he had changed it, because it would be a direct reflection on anything I said, because there would be nothing there to criticize. I told him plainly that he must quit using the

name of God, that I considered it absolute profanity when he said '2God, how I hate prejudice,' and when he referred to his conversation with Brother Lyman, in which he told Brother Lyman, in answer to his question as to whether he loved the brethren, that he loved some of them a damn sight better than others, that it was absolutely ridiculous to talk that way. I told him I wanted him to understand that I wouldn't and could not sustain him as one of the General Authorities of the church if he did not change. He said he would do his best to improve. He further said that if I did not want to publish his remarks it would be all right with him. I said 'I am going to publish your talk in full and mine too, unless you want me not to.' He said he would prefer not to have his talk published. I tore it up and threw it into the waste-basket. I was disappointed over my interview with him, from the fact that he did not come out frankly and fully and say 'Brother Grant, I apologize; I did wrong and I am sorry.' But we are all differently constituted, and I was glad to have a talk with him and to have him assure me he would endeavor to mend his ways. I read my talk to him word for word as it was delivered. ...

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

120 years ago today - May 19, 1898; Thursday

The subject of rebaptism was discussed at some length by the Council, the question being whether or not the practice, which had become too common in the Church, should be discontinued, or permitted only in certain cases. The subject was dropped without action.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - 19 May 1883 ¿ Saturday

[George Q. Cannon]
Saturday, May 19, 1883. I had a visit last night after meeting from the wife of Bro. Joseph Jolly. She is in trouble over his taking another wife and appears determined to leave him. I advised her not to do so, but to bear patiently with the trouble she had to contend with. Her husband is a good, faithful man, but she is tried very much by his second wife.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

155 years ago today - May 19, 1863 (Tuesday)

The stage from California was attacked by Indians, in Deep Creek Canyon, 150 miles west of G.S.L. City, and the driver, W.R. Simpson, was killed. Major Howard Egan, who was one of the passengers, caught the reins and drove away at full speed.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - May 19, 1838

Joseph marches across the Grand River to the mouth of Honey Creek and from there takes a boat 18 miles to Lyman Wight's home. Wight lives at the foot of Tower Hill, a name Joseph gives the hill because of some ruins, which he designates as an old Nephite altar or tower. One half mile from Lyman Wight's ferry, the brethren reach a place called Spring Hill; the Lord names it Adam-ondi-Ahman, "because, said He, it is the place where Adam shall come to visit his people, or the Ancient of Days shall sit, as spoken of by Daniel the Prophet." The above-quoted explanation of the name Adam-ondi-Ahman, is now found as D&C 116.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]