120 years ago today - May 24, 1897; Monday

[Franklin D. Richards]
[In Mancos, Colorado:] This morning the Primaries met and Jane & I and Br[other] [Charles W.] Penrose spoke pointedly but short. The Spirit signified that some present would see the Coming of our Savior in the flesh. I stated it as a Prophecy.

[Source: Franklin D. Richards, Diary]

125 years ago today - May 24, 1892

Wilford Woodruff writes: "A card from Joseph F & John Henry Smith was read & Published in the Standard against the speech of [Apostle] Moses Thatcher saying that Satan was the Author of the Republican Party." Thatcher claims he was misinterpreted.

130 years ago today - May 24, 1887 (Tuesday)

Manti, Sanpete Co., was raided by U.S. deputy marshals, who also ransacked the Temple, in search of polygamists, but no arrests were made.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - May 24, 1847 (Monday)

The sick detachments of the Battalion which had wintered at Pueblo, took up the line of march for California.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - May 24, 1847

Brigham Young writes his name on a buffalo skull while on the trek westward. Heber C. Kimball prays with William Clayton. A gust of wind blows Kimball's hat off but he doesn't interrupt his prayer to chase it. Later he had to chase the hat for a mile before recovering it.

175 years ago today - May 24, 1842

Sarah Miller told Nauvoo's high council that Chauncey Higbee (also spelled "Chancy Higby") visited her "soon after a special conference" in April 1842, and "began his seducing insinuations by saying it was no harm to have sexual intercourse with women if they would keep it to themselves." She added that "when he come again, William Smith come with him & told me that the doctrine which Chancy Higby had taught me was true." In May 1842 she told the high council that "nearly a year ago" (i.e., in the summer of 1841, almost a year before Sarah Miller's seduction), Catherine Fuller began having sexual intercourse with Bennett, and "not only with him[,] but with Chauncy Higbee and the prophet's younger brother, Apostle William Smith." Someone tried to eradicate the name of William Smith from the manuscript of testimony that he also visited these two women for sexual intercourse during 1841-42. His first cousin, Apostle George A. Smith, later complained about "Wm Smith Commit[t]ing iniquity & we have to sustain him against our feelings." : Two women identified William Smith as one of Bennett's friends who visited for sexual intercourse ... According to a later reminiscence [by Apostle Lorenzo Snow], Joseph Smith then asked Brigham Young to excommunicate his brother for `adultery and many other sins.' As Young was about to act, however, the prophet changed his mind, accused the quorum's president of maligning the Smith family, and required Young to exonerate William. Then someone (probably Joseph) tried to eradicate William's name from the women's testimony.

[Source: John S. Dinger, ed., The Nauvoo City and High Council Minutes (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2011), 415n40 ("Sarah Miller's statement, dated May 24, 1842 ... [about] the special conference this spring"), 417 ("Charge [was preferred] against Mrs. Catherine Warren for unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with John C. Bennett and others"), 417n46 (for Mrs. Warren's testimony); also "CONFERENCE MINUTES," Times and Seasons 3 (15 April 1842): 761 ("Special Conference ... April 6, 1842"); Quinn, Origins of Power (1994) 220, in "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

Mark Forscutt Journal, May 1867, Mark Hill Forscutt Collection 1855-1900, MSS 811, Box 1, Folder 9, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, (compliments of John Dinger)

In the morning visited Father Marks, who interested me very much with a recital of things that are past. In speaking of polygamy, he said, "Near two weeks before Joseph was killed he told me that I was the only one of the authorities of the Church not in polygamy; that polygamy was an evil, and that in it he had been deceived. I ask him why he did not speak to Brigham or some of the twelve about it, and he said that they would kill him if he did. He told me, I must deal with those in polygamy, if they would not repent and reform. . ." He also said That "Joseph and Hyrum went to Montrose, intending to take a boat and leave; but they returned." He, Bro Marks, met them on the Nauvoo side, and Joseph told him they were intending to leave, but the Lord told him to return, and give himself up, and that if he went away, he should become a castaway. He then added, "I have come back to deliver myself up to atone for the crimes I have committed, and I shall like go like a lamb to the slaughter."

I ask Bro Marks, if Joseph was in polygamy? He said, Yes he and Dr. Bennett were the first that went into it. Speaking of events before after Joseph's death, he said, I attended one night when a few were to receive endowments, and he spoke as I have never heard any other man speak. Bro Hyrum he ordained to be his successor, remarking, My course is about finished on earth – I have done all the Lord wants me to do. He then called on Bro Hyrum and myself and we ordained him to be a king, and Sister Emma to be a queen. There were many things. I did not under- stand in that meeting.

After Joseph's death, I wrote to Sidney Rigdon, who had been Joseph's first counselor, and he came to Nauvoo. I called a meeting of the Church, and Sidney presented his claims. The church seemed generally to fall in with him ; but he did things too much in secret. He ordained me to be his first counselor; and everything he did in organizing was done in secret meetings in a room at my house. He was so unwise, however, that confidence was lost in him ; and when the twelve returned from their missions, they presented their claims and were accepted."

[Source: 18670524]

120 years ago today - May 24, 1897

[Heber J. Grant]
I spent the night at Emily's. I have not been living with Emily for a number of years on account of the laws against cohabitation, but I have felt for some time that it was not the right thing for me to fail to live with her as a wife and I have made up my mind to change my manner of living in this particular no matter if I do get into some trouble. I am sure that the Lord and my brethren will approve of my change, and I know that I will feel better satisfied with myself to say nothing of the better feeling that Emily will have to be treated in all respects as a wife.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - May 24th 1842

[High Council Minutes]
The High Council met according to apointment at the Lodge Room

1st The te[s]timony of Mrs Sarah Miller and Miss Margaret and Matilda Neymans were taken relative to the charge against Chancy Higbee and others showing the manner of iniquity practised by them upon female virtue & the unhallowed means by which they accomplished their desires

[Source: Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois: Nauvoo Hancock County Illinois, http://amzn.to/uXAcJh%20]

125 years ago today - May 23, 1892 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon]
... we learned that several of the brethren who have plural families are pursuing an unwise course and bringing their families into Colorado, which action excites the fears of the Prest. of the Stake. He thinks there is danger of an attack being made. It was decided that Brother John Henry Smith should go to San Luis as soon as convenient and correct this; show the brethren the great danger in which they are not only placing themselves, but the whole people, by such conduct, because many of us have told leading men in Colorado that our folks were not living in plural marriage in that State, and if cases of this kind were discovered and brought to the attention of the courts, it might be attended with serious consequences.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

180 years ago today - May 23, 1837

Patriarchal Blessing of Henry Harmon given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... Thou shalt behold the Son of God while thou dost stand in the flesh and if thou dost seek it with all thy heart, thou shalt stand on the earth to behold the Savior come in the clouds of heaven, and be caught up to meet him, and thou shalt see the end of the wicked. Thou shalt have an inheritance among the sanctified in the flesh and a seat in the celestial kingdom in eternity. I confer all these blessings upon thy head and seal thee up unto eternal life in the name of Jesus Christ - Amen

[Source: W. Woodruff, Scribe [Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:123, in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

180 years ago today - (Tue) May 23, 1837

Parley Pratt wrote an angry letter to Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon, accusing them of wrongful dealings with certain Church members, including himself. Pratt said that the LDS leaders took advantage over members like himself, "by undue religious influence," and insinuated that the "scheme of speculation" underlying the operations of the [Kirtland Saftey Society] was "of the devil."

[Source: Letter printed in Richard Livesey, "An Exposure of Mormonism," (1838), p. 9; original in the Lake County Historical Society Library; Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

15 years ago today - May 22, 2002

The first missionary training center in Africa opened its doors in Tema, Ghana, the 16th missionary training center throughout the world.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

25 years ago today - May 22, 1992

A First Presidency statement that the King James Version of the Bible is the only English language Bible to be used in LDS church meetings. This codifies a position maintained for decades by former First Presidency counselor J. Reuben Clark.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

40 years ago today - May 22, 1977

Formation of a new Church Activities Committee, with responsibility for coordinating cultural arts and physical activities in local units, was announced.

[Source: Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

55 years ago today - May 22, 1962

Ezra Taft Benson wrote that [Senator] McCarthy "rendered a service in emphasizing the insidious threat of the Communist influence in government."

[Source: Benson to H. Roland Tietjen, president of the Hawaiian LDS temple, 22 May 1962, archives, Lee Library. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

60 years ago today - Wed May 22, 1957

[David O. McKay]
Eldred G. Smith, Patriarch to the Church, called at the office and gave his side of what seems to him to have been a censure given to him by Elders Spencer Kimball and LeGrand Richards. He then took a great deal of time referring to unpleasant conditions existing in his office. He said that inasmuch as Sister Timmons was employed as a secretary in the office of the Patriarch before he (Brother Smith) was ordained as Patriarch to the Church, she still "assumes" the right to make his appointments. I answered: "Well, haven't you asked her to make your appointments, and to keep a record of them?" He admitted that that was the case. I further said to Brother Smith: "That spirit should not exist in any office in the Church, and you should plan the affairs of your office so that there should be complete harmony and good will." Brother Smith said that he had another matter about which he wished to talk to me, but inasmuch as an hour's time had gone by, and that I had an appointment, I told him that he would have to see me at some future time.

[Source: McKay, David O., Office Journal]

115 years ago today - Thursday, May 22, 1902

Relative to the ordination of stake supt.'s of Y.M.M.I.A., Pres. Smith said that the only reason they had been ordained high priests was due to the ruling of Pres. Jno. Taylor, who claimed that the presiding offices of the church belonged to the high priest. Pres. Smith remarked that an elder could as well preside when authorized by proper authority. It was decided by unanimous vote that a man holding the high priesthood, namely, an elder, seventy, or high priest, would be eligible to the office of stake supt. Y.M.M.I.A. without further ordination....

Apostle Smoot asked if it would be proper for a little deaf girl, whose parents are not members of the church, to be baptized for her health in the temple—the request coming from her mother. The answer was yes; there would be no impropriety in it.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - May 22, 1882

[Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner and James Rollins to John Taylor]
... Mrs Elizabeth Gilbert, (who is in her Eighty-second year) is here for the purpose of obtaining her Second Anointing, together with her husband, Algernon Sidney Gilbert, who Died when Zion's Camp went up to Missouri[.] My Brother Henry Rollins, Stands as Proxy for her husband his uncle. I also wish to know if the sealing of My Mother to Mr. John M. Burk, in Nauvoo can be changed. As she did not wish to be Sealed to him But Brother Young told her to let it be so for the present, and it could be changed afterward, (or words to that effect). Must her sealing remain as it was in Nauvoo? Or [can] she be sealed to Joseph For that is our Desire[.] Henry desires to be adopted into Josephs Kingdom[.]

[Source: Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner and James Rollins to John Taylor, May 22, 1882, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

155 years ago today - May 22, 1862

President Young again took up the Deseret Alphabet and Conversed upon that subject.

He spoke of what he had done to introduce that subject to this people. He had sent East, and got a font of the best deserett type made that Could be got and Still the regency and superintendent of Common Schools, the Teachers nor people none of them have faith Enough to introduce the Deserett Alphabet into the schools. I will not give my Consent or furnish any type to publish that Book or any other for Children with the Errors now Exhisting in the English arthography. By doing this we teach our Children fals principles which they have to wallow through all there lives. If I Cannot present to my Children true principles in there language I do not want to present any thing to them. Neither will I use my priesthood to force it upon the people. If the people will not assist me to introduce it for the benefit of the rising generation they may go without it. But we Can buy those gentile school books for Children much Cheaper than we Can make them Here, and I dont wish to have any of that Class of Books made here.

Brother Campbell tryed to argue the point with Presidet Young But he gained nothing by it.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 22, 1847

William Clayton writes during the pioneer trek west: "The evening was spent very joyfully by most of the brethren, it being very pleasant and moonlight. A number danced till the bugle sounded for bed time at 9 o'clock. A mock trial was also prosecuted in the case of the camp vs. James Davenport for blockading the highway and turning ladies out of their course. Jackson Redding acted as the presiding judge. Elder Whipple attorney for defendant and Luke Johnson attorney for the people. We have many such trials in the Camp which are amusing enough and tend among other things to pass away the time cheerfully during leisure moments"

175 years ago today - May 22, 1842

Joseph publishes an article in the Wasp, addressed to the editor of the Quincy Whig, refuting the claim that Joseph had prophesied Bogg's death by violent means the previous year.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - May 22, 1837

In a trial before the Kirtland High Council concerning unfulfilled contracts the Council decides: "After a long investigation by the Councilors and parties, the Presidency. W. W. Phelps and John Whitmer, [it was decided] that both accuser and accused should be disfellowshiped, if they did not settle their difficulties."

18820522

[John D. T. McAllister to John Taylor]
135 years ago - May 22, 1882

[Source: temp]

10 years ago today - May 21, 2007

Reverend Al Sharpton broadcasts his radio program from the Bonneville International studio at the Triad Center in Salt Lake City. Sharpton toured Church locations after apologizing for remarks about Mormons he made at a debate.

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

50 years ago today - May 21, 1967

The front page of the New York Times business section features LDS convert Florence Doyle, a stockbroker with Dupont & Co. since 1941.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

130 years ago today - May 21, 1887

DESERET NEWS reports funeral of Louie Wells Cannon, daughter of Second Counselor in the First Presidency Daniel H. Wells. She died giving birth to the stillborn son of John Q. Cannon, son of First Counselor in the First Presidency George Q. Cannon and Second Counselor in the Presiding Bishopric. At the time the child was conceived John was married to Louie's sister Annie. In Sep of 1886 he confessed his sin and was excommunicated in stake conference. His wife Annie divorced him four days later and he married Louie the following day. A year after Louie's death John was rebaptized, remarried to Annie, and sealed to Louie.

165 years ago today - May 21, 1852

Joseph F. Smith is baptized in City Creek in Salt Lake City, the first of four future Presidents of the Church to be baptized in the same location. (He is thirteen years old.)

185 years ago today - 1832 May [21]

Near Greenville, Indiana--a dozen miles from the Ohio river--the stagecoach horses bolt and start to run away. Joseph and Newel jump. Newel but gets a foot caught in a wheel,breaking his leg and foot. Sidney remains in the coach and continues on to Kirtland, where his nine-year-old daughter, Nancy, is seriously ill. Joseph remains with Newel while he recovers.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

25 years ago today - May 20, 1992.

Phi Beta Kappa, the national honor society for arts and sciences, rejects BYU's application for a chapter. Phi Beta Kappa's reasons for refusing the chapter application are that the "dogmatic religious assertion[s]" in its mission statements "preclud[e] other possibilities" and hence oppose Phi Beta Kappa's promotion of "a liberal arts education which . . . foster[s] free inquiry." The reason for the decision is not religion per se: Notre Dame, a Catholic-sponsored university, has a Phi Beta Kappa chapter.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

70 years ago today - May 20, 1947

[J. Reuben Clark]
Called Mark Petersen about G-man Hoover's testimony before the Committee on un-American activities on March 26th and thought it ought to be printed, maybe not all at once, but anyway in installments. It is very illuminating. Bro. Petersen will try to find it over there and if he cannot will borrow Pres. Clark's copy (Leo Young sent for Pres. Clark's copy on Thursday).

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

70 years ago today - May 20, 1947

President George Albert Smith offers a prayer for the U.S. Senate, and the 'Congressional Record' publishes his invocation's full text. Nineteen years later, 20 May 1966, first counselor Hugh B. Brown does likewise. In 1974 Apostle (later LDS president) Gordon B. Hinckley opens the U.S. House with prayer; Pres. Spencer W. Kimball prays in the Senate.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

100 years ago today - May 20, 1917

[James E. Talmage]
Talmage speaks with William C. Mills, an archaeologist researching Ohio's Indian mounds, and in his journal Talmage comments on the similarities between Mills' conclusions and the Book of Mormon.

[Source: Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

135 years ago today - May 20, 1882

[Lorenzo Snow to John Taylor]
Prest John Taylor Hannah [who had been married to Joseph E. Johnson for more than thirty years], the person in question, has never intimated to me orally or otherwise, that she desires a release and I do not feel exactly at liberty to act in the premises till she herself expresses such a wish. If she will sign the following certificate, in presence of Prest McAlister and he witness the same, she then has my full consent to be sealed to whomsoever she pleases, and in the return of this certificate I am willing to sign a Bill of Divorce. If this meet your approval please forward it to Prest McAllister Respectfully Lorenzo Snow.

This certifies that I wish to be released from Covenant and obligations, entered into between myself and Lorenzo Snow when sealed over the Alter in the Temple at Nauvoo. Hannah M Goddard now Johnson We were not sealed at the Alter in the Temple. it was in L. N. Scovils house: I received my Endowments in the E[ndowment]. H[ouse]. Salt Lake City HMGJ

The above Certificate was this day signed in my presence John D T. McAllister Washington 15th May 1882

[Source: Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - May 20, 1882

Prest Taylor received a letter from Pres J D T McAllister of St George dated May 16th pertaining to the matter of Apostle Lorenzo Snow and his wife Hannah ...

Prest John Taylor Hannah [who had been married to Joseph E. Johnson for more than thirty years], the person in question, has never intimated to me orally or otherwise, that she desires a release and I do not feel exactly at liberty to act in the premises till she herself expresses such a wish. If she will sign the following certificate, in presence of Prest McAlister and he witness the same, she then has my full consent to be sealed to whomsoever she pleases, and in the return of this certificate I am willing to sign a Bill of Divorce. If this meet your approval please forward it to Prest McAllister Respectfully Lorenzo Snow. This certifies that I wish to be released from Covenant and obligations, entered into between myself and Lorenzo Snow when sealed over the Alter in the Temple at Nauvoo. Hannah M Goddard now Johnson We were not sealed at the Alter in the Temple. it was in L. N. Scovils house: I received my Endowments in the E[ndowment]. H[ouse]. Salt Lake City HMGJ The above Certificate was this day signed in my presence John D T. McAllister Washington 15th May 1882

[Source: Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

140 years ago today - May 20, 1877

Concerning the temple in Jerusalem, Orson Pratt stated, "By and by there will be a Temple built at Jerusalem. Who do you think is going to build it? You may think that it will be the unbelieving Jews who rejected the Savior. I believe that that which is contained on the 77th page of the Book of Mormon, as well as in many other places, in that same book, will be literally fulfilled. The Temple at Jerusalem will undoubtedly be built, by those who believe in the true Messiah. Its construction will be, in some respects different from the Temples now being built. It will contain the throne of the Lord, upon which he will, at times, personally sit, and will reign over the house of Israel for ever. It may also contain twelve other thrones, on which the twelve ancient Apostles will sit, and judge the twelve tribes of Israel."

[Source: Pratt, Orson, Building Temples, Journal of Discourses vol. 19: p. 19–2, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

140 years ago today - May 20, 1877 (Sunday)

The first converts to "Mormonism" among the Pima Indians were baptized at Camp Utah, on Salt river, Ariz. Among them was the chief Che-eh-chum.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - May 20, 1857

President James Buchanan, relying upon the negative accusations of several, while ignoring Mormon denials, and without any investigation, was convinced that the Mormons were in rebellion against the United States. He decided to replace Gov. Brigham Young, and without giving him any notice, and without the required Congressional approval (Congress was in recess), proceeded to make his new appointments and issued orders for a large military escort.

[Source: Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

175 years ago today - May 20th 1842

[High Council Minutes]
Council met at the Store of Joseph Smith Lodge Room

Charge against Chancy L Higbee by George Miller For unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with the widow Miller and others. Plead not guilty.

Three witness testified that he had seduced them and at different times been guilty of unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with them and taught the doctrine that it was right to have free intercourse with women if it was kept secret &c and also taught that Joseph Smith authorized him to practise these things &c.

On motion of President Hyrum Smith

Resolved, That he (Chancy Higbee) be expelled from the Church ...

[Source: Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois: Nauvoo Hancock County Illinois, http://amzn.to/uXAcJh%20]

175 years ago today - May 20, 1842

Catherine Fuller Warren, responds to charges by the Nauvoo High Council of "unchaste and unvirtuous conduct with [Assistant President] John C. Bennett." She admits to them and also confesses to intercourse with others, including Joseph Smith's younger brother, Apostle William Smith. She explains that the men had "taught the doctrine that it was right to have free intercourse with women and that the heads of the church also taught and practiced it which things caused her to be led away thinking it to be right." Bennett is excommunicated but charges against William Smith are withdrawn by Brigham Young after Joseph Smith complains, "I will not listen to this abuse of my family a minute longer. I will wade in blood up to my knees before I will do it."

180 years ago today - May 20, 1837

Kirtland banknotes have depreciated in value by 50 percent.

[Source: Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

180 years ago today - May 20, 1837

[Patriarchal Blessing of Daniel Carter given by Joseph Smith Sr. ... An Angel of record one standing near the throne of God shall minister to thee. ... The blessing of God shall fall on thy posterity. Thy children shall be blest. They shall stand with thee in the covenant. They shall have a residence in the City of Zion. They shall have with thee an inheritance in Zion. They shall become mighty men in the earth. They shall stand with the Savior on Mount Zion. If thou art faithful in keeping the commandments of God, thou shall stand in the flesh when the Lord Jesus shall come in the clouds of heaven with Power and great glory. ... It is given thee on condition of keeping the commandments and the "Word of Wisdom". I seal them on thy head by the authority of the Holy Priesthood. I seal thee with Eternal life. Amen

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

120 years ago today - May 19, 1897; Wednesday

Pres[iden]t. [Wilford] Woodruff at his office this afternoon, received a call from Bishop H[iram]. B. Clawson, with his grandson Hal, son of Stanley Clawson. The young man had made a study of hypnotism. He brought with him three young men who had been operated upon several times before. He put them into a state of somnambulism, and performed many curious experiments, such as running and [sic] hat pins through their arms. One of them when so ordered put a pin through his own cheeks. No blood came from the punctured skin, and the subjects appeared to suffer no inconvenience as a result. One of the young men was suspended across two chairs, his head resting on one and his feet on the other, with nothing else to support him, and he was made so rigid that two brethren present, who weighed together 330 pounds, sat on his body, which remained as stiff as a board. Hal Clawson stated that a noted hypnotist had failed to hypnotize after two weeks trial, and he thought he would try it himself and succeeded at the first effort. No one could be hypnotized without giving voluntary consent. It required a strong minded person, who could concentrate his thoughts upon one object, to be hypnotized. Red haired people were the easiest to control. He said there were three stages of hypnotism known as subjestion, somnambulism and catalepsy.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

170 years ago today - May 19, 1847. Wednesday.

...When Elder [Heber C.] Kimball went ahead this morning to search out a road ... he turned his head to the left and saw 2 very large wolves at about 5 rods distance gazing at him. One of them he said was nearly as large as a 2 year old steer. When he saw these he looked around on the other side and saw several others about the same distance from him very large ones and all gazing fiercely at him. This startled him considerably and more especially when he reflected that he had no arms. He made a noise to try to scare them away but they still stood and he concluded to move away as soon as he could. They did not follow him and he saw a dead carcass near which satisfied him that he had interrupted their repast. On mentioning this circumstance to President Young they named the creek Wolf Creek . . .

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - May 19, 1847

[Blacks]
Here [Lowell, Mass.] I found a branch of the Church of about 20 members in tolerable good standing. ... In this Branch there is a Coloured Brother, (An Elder ordained by Elder Wm. Smith while he was a member of the Church, contrary though to the order of the Church or the Law of the Priesthood, as the Descendants of Ham are not entitled to that privilege) by the name of Walker Lewis. He appears to be a meek humble man, and an example for his more whiter brethren to follow.

[Source: Elder William I. Appleby Journal (written in mid-50s based on notes), in LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

175 years ago today - May 19, 1842

Mrs. Pres^t. [Emma Smith] said this day was an evil day— that there is as much evil in this as in any other place— said she would that this Society were pure before God— that she was afraid that under existing circumstances, the sisters were not careful enough to expose iniquity— the time had been when charity had covered a multitude of sins— but now it is necessary that sin should be expos'd— that heinous sins were among us— that much of this iniquity was practiced by some in authority, pretending to be sanction'd by Prest. Smith.

[Source: 1.2.9 May 19, 1842, Minutes of the Proceedings of the Eigth Meeting of the Society, as quoted in Matthew J. Grow, Jill Derr, Carol Madsen, and Kate Holbrook, editors, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, The Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/]

175 years ago today - May 19, 1842

Joseph Smith becomes Nauvoo's mayor. His Nauvoo "Lifeguards" are headed by former Danite Albert P. Rockwood and include Danites Hosea Stout and Orrin Porter Rockwell. At the City Council meeting during the balloting for Mayor, Joseph Smith jots down and then "threw across the room" a revelation to Hiram Kimball which declares that "Verily thus saith the Lord-Hiram Kimball has been insinuating evil, and forming evil opinions against you, with others; and if he continue in them, he and they will be accursed, for I am the Lord thy God, and will stand by thee and bless thee. Amen." Joseph had recently proposed plural marriage to Hiram Kimball's wife Sarah M. Kimball and had been rebuffed by her.

70 years ago today - May 18, 1947

On the trek westward Brigham Young "called the Captains of tens to his wagons and gave them a pretty severe lecture." He upbraids them for wasting meat and for wasting ammunition while hunting.

120 years ago today - May 18, 1897

[Lee Yost]
... The first heard of Joe Smith was his coming to Fayette to Examine and Search for Treasure as he Supposed was hid or Burried in or about the Embankments of the old Fort or Earth Works was and Plainly to be Seen in the woods on the Farm of my Wife's Grand=father--John Markel in Fayette[.] Smith was shown the Place or Fort by my Wifes Father William A Marshall[,] Son in Law to Markel[.] There together with one or two others they Spent Several days and nights[,] Smith with his mineral Rod to find the Hidden location But failed to find the treasure[.] the next heard of Smith was his Story of finding the Golden Bible[.] the History he gave of the finding was that the Angel of the Lord appeared to him and directed him to Search in a certain Spot East of the vil[l]age of Palmyra directing him of a certain Place South Side of the Road in the field at the foot of of a hill or quite a rise of ground he would find the Plates of the Golden Bible[.] I stayed all night at a tavern on the North side of this road and was shown the very Spot Smith Said he[,] the angel[,] directed him where to find the the Plates of the Golden Bible[.] ... My Father Casper Yost at time a number of times went over to the Whitmores [Whitmer] and there Saw and handled the Golden Plates so called[.] the plates looked to him he Said and I have heard him describe them to others as they appeared to him as sheets or plates of Brass with letters or Engraving which he did not understand or know anything about[.] ...

[Source: Lee Yost to Diedrich Willers, Jr., 18 May 1897, Willers Papers, Seneca Falls Historical Society, Seneca Falls, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Lee Yost To Diedrich Willers, Jr.]

120 years ago today - May 18, 1897

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Met Pres[ident] Woodruff & wife out in a carriage he was out to get the air. He said "yesterday I had a laps. lost myself did not know where I was or know anything or anybody. It lasted about one hour."

[Source: Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - May 18, 1892

Lucy Meserve Smith became the secret wife of her first cousin, Apostle George A. Smith, in November 1844. In response to Emma's anti-polygamy statements one day during that time-period, Lucy stated: "I told George A. what sister Emma had said. He related to me the circumstance of his calling on Joseph late one evening, and he was just taking a wash [--] and Joseph told him that one of his wives had just been confined [for childbirth] and Emma was the Midwife. He [George A.] told me this to prove to me that the women were married for time, as [i.e., because] Emma had told me that Joseph never taught any such thing [--she said that] they were only sealed for eternity [--] they were not to live with them and have children"

[Source: Lucy Meserve Smith statement, 18 May 1892, photocopy of her holograph, Folder 9, Box 6, George A. Smith Family Papers, in "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

140 years ago today - May 18, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]
18 Gave 134 Endowments. 43 Elders Ordained. J D T McAllister Sealed 54 Couple, gave 2 seconed Anointing, & 5 Adoptions. /+ Ground for Logan Temple dedicated to day./ [The asterisk is Woodruff's.] I wrote 3 letters to Phebe, Susan Eugenia & Phebe. I felt quite Comfortable to day. I received a letter from Brother Morgan.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - May 18, 1877

The NEW YORK HERALD publishes an interview with Sarah Pratt, wife of Apostle Orson Pratt. She says she had not believed in Mormonism since Nauvoo, and had been endeavoring after the family first arrived in Salt Lake to "rear my children so that they should never espouse the Mormon faith," while concealing "from my neighbors and from the church authorities the fact that I was thus rearing them." Sarah also said, "Here was my husband, gray headed, taking to his bed young girls in mockery of marriage . . . He told me that he believed it was his duty to take other women besides myself to wife."

140 years ago today - May 18, 1877

[Brigham Young]
Brethren, if you will give me your attention, I will say a few words to you. We have dedicated this spot of ground upon which we expect to erect a Temple [Logan], in which to administer the ordinances of the House of God. Into this house, when it is completed, we expect to enter to enjoy the blessings of the priesthood, and receive our washings, our anointings, our endowments, and our sealings; and the brethren will be sealed to brethren to connect the links and make perfect the chain from ourselves to Father Adam. This is the object of the Temple which we are about to commence building at this place. We require the brethren and the sisters to go to with their might and erect this Temple; and from the architect to the boy that carries the drinking water to the men that work on the building, we wish them to understand that wages are entirely out of the question. We are going to build this House for ourselves, and we shall expect the brethren and sisters, neighborhood after neighborhood, ward after ward, to turn out their proportion of men to come here and labor as they shall be notified by the proper authorities.

[Source: Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 19:33-34, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - May 18, 1857

Utah ―Mormon War commences (ordered by President Buchanan to establish Federal control of Utah territory and to eliminate plural marriage). Secretary of War John B. Floyd dispatches Johnston's army of 2,500 men to impose federal law on the Mormons.

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

170 years ago today - May 18, 1847

[Brigham Young]
It was proposed by President Young, voted & carried '" that if any man should stop his team in the road without due causes thereby detaining the whole camp from proceeding, should be obliged to travel in the rear, of the hindmost wagon the whole day '"

[Source: Horace K. Whitney Journal, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]