75 years ago today - Feb 18, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
Wrote a long-winded letter to a woman who wanted me to sell tickets to a concert given by a negro woman.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

150 years ago today - Feb 18, 1867

I met at the prayer room H.O. at 2 oclok & we gave {John Picknel & 2 wives} also Sister [plural wife of Joseph Smith] {Viena Jaques} there second Anointings. W Woodruff Anointed.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Feb 18, 1857

Presiding Patriarch John Smith takes a plural wife. His legal wife, Helen, writes to her brother-in-law: "Well, John has got another wife, perhaps you know her, her name is Milisa Lemins. Dear Joseph it was a trial to me but thank the Lord it is over with .... I care not how many he gits now, the ice is broke as the old saing is, the more the greater glory.... All of the girls is a giting maried from 10 to 18. If there is any left till theyre are 18 they are on the oald maids list."

160 years ago today - Feb 18, 1857

DESERET NEWS publishes a sermon by Brigham Young: "Will you love your brothers or sisters likewise when they have committed a sin that cannot be alerted for without the shedding of their blood? Will you love that man or woman well enough to shed their blood? That is what Jesus Christ meant-I could refer you to plenty of instances where men have been righteously slain in order to atone for their sins. I have seen scores and hundreds of people for whom there would have been a chance in the last resurrection if their lives had been taken and their blood spilled on the ground as a smoking incense to the almighty-I have known a great many men who have left this church for whom there is no chance whatever for exaltation; but if their blood had been spilled it would have been better for them. This is loving our neighbor as ourselves; if he needs help, help him; and if he wants salvation, and it is necessary to spill his blood on the earth in order that he may be saved, spill it."

160 years ago today - Feb 18, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]
President Kimball Said that I dont want to see the Presidents of the seventies in the stand untill they get more of the spirit of God for they are dead & the seventies have to receive their food through them. Brother Young said I do not wish to have Father Morley not to seal any more men & women without my Consent.

[Source: An earlier "Report from the Presidency" as copied into Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Feb 18, 1852

Lorenzo Snow writes from Italy: "Nor can I express the delight which I experienced in gazing upon Mount Brigham, on whose rocky brow we had organized La Chiesa di Gesu Christo dei Santi degli Ultimi Gioni, in Italia." The peak which Snow had renamed Mount Brigham when dedicating the Italian Mission was known to the Italians as Monte Vandalino.

25 years ago today - Feb 17, 1992

Newsweek' reports: "Now the [Central Intelligence] agency recruiters jump at the chance to snare a Mormon. Young Mormons tend to have squeaky-clean backgrounds and, thanks to their work as Third World missionaries, they often have a skill the CIA desperately needs these days: knowledge of a foreign language."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

45 years ago today - Feb 17, 1972

Actor Vincent Price, who played Joseph Smith in the film "Brigham Young" tells of his role 32 years earlier "I greatly enjoyed the part of Joseph Smith, I read a great deal about him and with the help of the late Heber [J.] Grant kept on finding more material on the subject after the film was released. I have always had the utmost admiration for the Mormon Church which I's sure stems from my fascination with Joseph Smith-what an extraordinary man!. . . [President Heber J. Grant] wrote me several interesting letters; He felt that the picture might have been about Joseph Smith instead of Brigham but of course realized that the great appeal to the public (and of course to the producers) was the difficult trek and the miracle of the gulls, etc."

105 years ago today - Feb 17, 1912

Members of the Church who join secret societies after having been made acquainted with the attitude of the Church with respect to secret organizations bar themselves from the temple * [T]hey also render themselves ineligible to hold presiding positions in the priesthood, and should not be used as Teachers of the people, for the simple reason that an unwritten rule of the Church forbids its members from teaching to others that which they themselves do not practice.

[Source: Joseph F. Smith, Anthon H. Lund, and Charles W. Penrose to Robert D. Young and counselors, Feb. 17, 1912, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Feb 17, 1892

The University of Deseret is renamed the 'University of Utah' by the Territorial Legislature.

[Source: Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

130 years ago today - Feb. 17-18, 1887

Following passage of the anti-polygamy Edmunds-Tucker Act by the U.S. Congress, the church is disincorporated and much of its property and assets are seized by federal officials. Church property is eventually returned on Oct. 25, 1893, about three years after the church had formally renounced the practice of polygamy. In 1896, a few months after Utah is admitted to the Union as the 45th state, church real estate holdings are also restored.

At the time of the disincorporation of the church in 1887, the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company is also dissolved, never to be reformed. It is estimated that, over the lifetime of the program, the church expended about $12.5 million in goods, livestock and currency to assist Latter-day Saints in traveling to the Utah Territory from points around the globe.

[Source: http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/282148/]

160 years ago today - Feb 17, 1857

Brigham Young writes in a letter: "The doctrine of adoption, the Patriarchal order, has not been taught of late, but will be attended to in its season as soon as we have another Temple built to the most High. You belong to the Kingdom of God, but may make your own choice, to whom you will be adopted, and when you have made this choice you may report it that it may be put on record, and in the event of death; because of this record the adoption would be attended to for the dead in the proper time and place. This is for the purpose of having an unbroken Chain of Priesthood from the present time back through Joseph, the apostles to the Jesus - -Jesus-even back to Adam."

160 years ago today - Feb 17, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]
I told the Bishops to impress upon the minds of the people the necessity of living their Religion after this date for if the people again Commit sin after being forgiven as they now were they would not again be forgiven but the Justice of the Law would be brought against them & they would have to pay the penalty or be cut off from the Church again. I told them they should not boast of their authority & power or that a Seventy was greater than a High Priest or that a High Priest was greater than a seventy. No man should boast of the power of the priesthood untill he obtained some of that power & it was manifested upon him & when that was upon him he certainly would not boast of it for the Holy spirit would teach him sens enough to know better.

It is vary seldom that I have known the power of the priesthood made manifest upon the Children of men in our [time] to a vary great Degree but in some instances it was manifest as in the Case of the prophet Joseph at the time his [house] was full of the sick & dying & his door Yard & they were Strewed along the bank of the River for 2 miles & Joseph Rose up & shook himself like an old Lyon & commenced at his own tent door & healed all the people who were not dead on both sides of the river by the power of God. His voice was as the voice of God & the earth almost trembled under his feet as he commanded the sick to arise & be made whole.

...Again this power was manifest with President Brigham Young on the bank of the Missouri River at winter Quarters when the merchants brought up goods to sell to the brethren who were going to the mountains. Old Major Miller the Indian Agent was surrounded by officers & Miller in order to show his great power He told the merchants that owned some Alcohol not to roll a Barrel off from the boat. That He would knock the head in & spill it upon the ground. Presidet Young steped up & told the man to roll it out & if Miller spilled it that moment I will spill his clarrett. He & all the officers turned pale. The liquor was rolled out & nobody hurt. And other instances might be named whare the power of the priesthood has been manifest but these men have never boasted of it nor never will.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Feb 17, 1847

John D. Lee writes in his diary: "About 11 a vote of the house was taken and decided in favor of shucking off some of their traditions by dancing. I replied that I could not participate with them in the evening's recreation from the fact that I did not consider it a time to dance but a day with me of deep solemnity and prayer for the recovery of the health of my file leader and father [Brigham Young] who this day has been near yielding up the ghost. Having made those remarks I left the room and entered the place where the afflicted lay."

175 years ago today - Feb 17, 1842

Nauvoo city council sets legal age of marriage to 14 for women

"All male persons over the age of seventeen years, and females over the age of fourteen years, may contract and be joined in marriage, provided, in all cases where either party is a minor, the consent of parents or guardians be first had."

[Source: "Nauvoo Records," "An Ordinance Concerning Marriages passed February 17, 1842," MS 16800, CHL, in Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

180 years ago today - (Fri) Feb 17, 1837

At about this time Joseph and Hyrum Smith returned to Kirtland from their trip to the west. Brigham Young and William Smith met their stagecoach, (probably near Mentor) and informed Joseph of a possible plot against his life. William took Joseph's place in the coach, and all arrived in Kirtland without incident. Once back in the town, Joseph and Hyrum met Solomon W. Denton in the Kirtland Bank and confronted him with accusations saying that he had borrowed a pair of pistols with the intention of ambushing and killing Joseph Smith upon his return to Kirtland. Denton denied the accusations.

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

5 years ago today - Feb 16, 2012

In view of reported proxy baptisms of some prominent Jews, concerned Hindus have urged The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) to set-up a mechanism to avoid baptizing by proxy their deceased ancestors without their will. Hindu statesman Rajan Zed (President of the Universal Society of Hinduism) in a statement said that although they had not received any reports yet of such proxy baptisms of deceased Hindus by LDS, but they were simply concerned after learning of posthumous baptizing of parents of a well known Jew, whose names were not submitted for baptism.

[Source: Hindus concerned at proxy baptism of Jews by Mormon Church, Baltic Review]

45 years ago today - Feb 16, 1972

The First Presidency writes: "For your information we may say that some years ago the First Presidency and the brethren of the Twelve authorized certain modifications in the style of the temple garment. These modifications consisted of the following changes: (1) collar eliminated, (2) closed crotch, (3) buttons instead of strings, (4) legs to knee, and (5) short sleeves. . . . However, in order that there may be uniformity in temple work and that expedition in the administration of the ordinances of the House of the Lord may not be impeded, the brethren have recommended that people doing temple work wear the old style garment."

135 years ago today - Feb 16, 1882

the U.S. Senate passed the Edmunds Act, and it was approved in the House on March 14 and soon signed by Chester A. Arthur. It made the offense of unlawful cohabitation much easier to prove than polygamy misdemeanor and made it illegal for polygamists or cohabitants to vote, hold public office, or serve on juries. It also provided for a five-man Utah Commission appointed by the president to supervise all aspects of the electoral process in Utah Territory.

[Source: Thatcher, Linda, History to Go, Statehood Chronology, http://www.onlineutah.com/statehoodchronology.shtml]

170 years ago today - Feb 16, 1847

[Wilford Woodruff]
This was one of the most interesting days of my life. I attended the family meeting of President Brigham Young And he addressed the meeting at great length during the day and evening upon many interesting principles. ...

There is another principle that has Caused considerable uneasiness and trouble ie the Idea of some mens having more wives than one. Such tremen-dious fears take hold of some that they hardly know how to live. Still they cant die. [They] begin to whisper and talk around [I] Am actually afraid to go on a mission for fear some man will be sealed to my wife, & when they return home some will be babbing about, you dont know but what you have got another mans wife, are afraid to speak to a young woman for fear that she belongs to somebody els or for fear somebody els wants her. ...

Admitting the Lord Created the same number of women as men at the begining and were Commanded to multiply & replenish the earth & to fill up the measure of there Creation in righteousness; the question is did they do it? Answer No. They soon disobeyed every commandment & plunged themselves into wickedness and rendered themselves unworthy to raise up seed unto the Lord & in fact used every means in there power to cut of life & hinder woman answering the end for which they were created; nine tenth of them would rebel against the vary thing he was created to do. Hence you see the propriety of the Lord's Calling upon men who bears the priesthood to take to themselves wives from among the daughters of men & raise up a righteous seed unto him that he might fill up the measure of there creation and hasten the consumation of his purposes in righteousness in this dispensation according to his words previously spoken through his servents the prophets.

But those who suffer fears & jealousey to aris in there bosoms either back right out or get to be mighty Righteous & for fear that they are sleeping with other mens wife they Kick up a dust or broil at home & perhaps abuse there own Companion through jealousy then go off to some woman that does not understand what is right or wrong & tell her that he has she cannot be saved without a man and he has almighty power & can exhalt & save her & likely tell that there is no harm for them to sleep together before they are sealed then go to some doe head of an Elder & get him to say the ceremony all done without the knowledge of the Authority of this Church. This is not right & will not be suffered. The God I serve will reward every man openly without his being under the necessity of going secretly & privately palming himself on the credulity of innocent ignorant females.

Such jealeousies do exhist & were I to say to the Elders you now have the liberty to build up your kingdoms one half of them would lie, swear, steal, & fight like the vary devil, to get men & women sealed to them. They would even try to pass right by me & go to Joseph thinking to get between him & the Twelve. Some have already tryed to used an influence against me but such jealeouses & selfishness shall be stoped & if the brethren do not stop it I will blow it to the four winds by making them all come & be sealed to me & I to my Father & He and all this Church to Joseph.

When I go astray & give wrong council & lead this people astray then is time enough to pull me down & then God will remove me as he has done all others who has turned from the faith.

But to return, I have gatherd a number of families around me by the law of adoption & sealed the covenant according to the order of Adoption the priesthood and others have done likewise it being the means of salvation left to bring us back to God. But had the keys of the priesthood been retained & handed down from father to son throughout all generations up to the present time then there would have been no necessity of the law of Adoption for we would have all been included in the covenant without it & would have been legal heirs instead of being heirs according to promise. ...

I am entitled to the Keys of the Priesthood according to linage & Blood. ... This we would have taught in the Temple if time had permitted. Joseph Smith was entitled to the Keys of the Priesthood according to Blood. Still He was the fourth son. But when we get another Temple built then we will teach you concerning those things....

Those that are Adopted into my family & take me for their Councellor if I Continue faithful I will preside over them throughout all Eternity. I will stand at their head, and Joseph will stand at the head of this Church & will be there President Prophet & God to the People in this dispensation....

There was then an intermission untill after supper. The table was well furnished & supplyed. 40 persons could be seated at the Table at a time. The men were seated to the right with there companion oposite them commencing with the Twelve President Young at there head. Then in order the adopted Children begining with the 1st that was adopted. ...

President Young arose & continued his remarks upon the law of adoption. ... The Lord introduced the law of adoption for the benefit of the children of men as a school master to bring them back into the covenant of the Priesthood....

Before I close I will answer one question that has been asked me repetedly. Should I have A father Dead that has never herd this gospel, would it be required of me to redeem him & have him adopted unto some roans family And I be adopted unto my Father? I answer No. ...

I know that the women generally rule there Husbands & the Children their Mothers. But when A woman under takes to rule me I want Her to be so secret about it that I Cannot Catch Her at it. Now I do not want the Brethren from my remarks to abuse there wives but treat them kindly: Do there Heavy luging but dont wash there dishes as some men do. ...

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Feb 16, 1832

Section 76. Referring to the occasion, Dibble stated,.

Joseph would, at intervals, say: "What do I see?" Then he would relate what he had seen or what he was looking at. Then Sidney replied, "I see the same." Presently Sidney would say, "What do I see?" and would repeat what he had seen or was seeing, and Joseph would reply, "I see the same." This manner of conversation was repeated at short intervals to the end of the vision, and during the whole time not a word was spoken by any other person. Not a sound nor motion made by anyone but Joseph and Sidney, and it seemed to me that they never moved a joint or limb during the time I was there, which I think was over an hour, and to the end of the vision. Joseph sat firmly and calmly all the time in the midst of a magnificent glory, but Sidney sat limp and pale, apparently as limber as a rag, observing which Joseph remarked, smilingly, "Sidney is not used to it as I am.".

According to some of the early journals, this revelation was not well received by all members of the church because it conflicted with their previous notions of heaven and hell; much missionary work was required to keep unity among the Saints.

In February 1843, as a rejoinder to a poem written by William W. Phelps, Joseph Smith wrote a poetic version of section 76. This important writing, which clarified some passages in this revelation, was published in Nauvoo, Illinois, in February 1843.

[Source: Cook, Lyndon, Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

185 years ago today - Feb 16, 1832

Joseph returns to Hiram, Ohio, and continues translating the New Testament with Sidney Rigdon as scribe. While translating John 5:29, they wonder if there isn't some sort of gradation in rewards in the next life because of people's varied degrees of righteousness. In response to this question they receive a series of visions, known as D&C 76. About this vision Joseph writes, "The sublimity of the ideas; the purity of the language; the scope for action; . . . the rewards for faithfulness, and the punishments for sins, are so much beyond the narrow-mindedness of men, that every honest man is constrained to exclaim: 'It came from God. "'According to Philo Dibble, this vision was given in the presence of about 12 others. Joseph and Sidney would stare into space. One would say "What do I see?" And then he would say what he was seeing and the other would say "I see the same"; and then they would repeat the process. At the end of the vision, Dibble reports that Joseph sat calmly and firmly while Sidney was pale and limp, and that Joseph remarked with a smile, "Sidney is not used to it as I am." Sidney stayed up that night recording the vision.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

30 years ago today - Feb 15, 1987

The Tabernacle Choir marked its 3,000th radio broadcast in a series that had become the longest-running network program in the free world.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

35 years ago today - Feb 15, 1982.

A story by Kenneth L. Woodward, religion editor of Newsweek, reports the Packer/Quinn conflict, pointing out that Quinn "violated the Mormon taboo that proscribes the faithful from publicly criticizing `the Lord's Anointed' by name." Elder Packer's address, originally scheduled to appear in the February issue of the Ensign, is withdrawn but is later published in Brigham Young University Studies.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

55 years ago today - Feb 15, 1962

Ezra Taft Benson's anti-Communist activities became the focus of an hour-long discussion within the First Presidency. McKay's two counselors, both of whom were Democrats, felt that Benson was too extreme in his tactics. Henry D. Moyle felt that it was not proper to discuss such controversial matters in church meetings, particularly when "the people were not well enough informed to discuss it" and when there had not yet been an official First Presidency statement on the subject to guide church members. Referring to Benson's talk in the October general conference, he noted that it had taken on the stature of an official church position without having been formally endorsed. McKay, who was consistently more concerned with the overall fight against Communism than with tactics, deflected this concern: he "knew nothing wrong with Elder Benson's talk, and thought it to be very good." Brown pointed out one consequence for church members of Benson's broad-brush attack: "All the people in Scandinavia and other European countries are under Socialistic governments and certainly are not Communists. Brother Benson's talk ties them together and makes them equally abominable. If this is true, our people in Europe who are living under a Socialist government are living out of harmony with the Church."

[Source: McKay diary; Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

60 years ago today - Feb 15, 1957

President David O. McKay writes: "On the subject of organic evolution the Church has officially taken no position. The book 'Man, His Origin and Destiny' was not published by the Church, and is not approved by the Church. The book contains expressions of the author's views for which he alone is responsible."

75 years ago today - Feb 15, 1942

In Hamburg, Germany, Branch President Arnold Zollner writes "Ex-communicated" on 17-year-old Helmuth Hubener's membership record. Hubener had been arrested 10 days previously for distributing anti-Nazi propaganda. Zollner had previously posted "JUDEN IST DER EINTRITT VERBOTEN!" (Jews not allowed to enter.) on the door of the branch meeting-house and would bring his radio to church whenever Hitler or Goebbels were scheduled to speak. Heubner is beheaded by the Nazis on Oct 27, 1942. On Nov 11, 1946, District President Otto Berndt,and the new mission president, Max Zimmer, write "excommunication done by mistake" on Hubener's membership record. Later, Zimmer's successor, Jean Wunderlich, notifies the Salt Lake leadership of the affair, and on 24 Jan 24, 1948, the First Presidency orderes a similar notation placed on the membership record.

90 years ago today - Feb 15, 1927

[George F. Richards to the President of the St. George Temple]
At request of President Grant we have already adopted some of the changes decided upon, and it will be in order for you to do the same. . . . Omit from the prayer in the circles all reference to avenging the blood of the Prophets. Omit from the ordinance and lecture all reference to retribution. The last change can be made with a day's notice to those taking the parts that contain such reference. This letter is written with the approval of the Presidency.

[Source: George F. Richards to the President of the St. George Temple, February 15, 1927, Historical Department Confidential Research Files, CR 100 14, as quoted in Sources on the Oath of Vengeance or Law of Retribution, Christopher C. Smith, privately circulated]

135 years ago today - Feb 15, 1882

Helen Mar Kimball recalling letters from her mother written from Nauvoo]

In another letter I find an interesting item concerning the Prophet Joseph's receiving a visit from one of the Nephites, who told him he had been through England, Ireland and that the work of the Lord would be short and powerful in those places. He also told him many things about this land (America), many of which have been fulfilled.

[Source: Woman's Exponent, vol. 10, no. 18, in Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

135 years ago today - Feb 15, 1882

[Franklin D. Richards]
... Voted that I get together material in vindication of Pres[iden]t. B[righam]. Young & the Church against the charge of perpetuating the 'Mountain Meadow Massacre.'

[Source: Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

140 years ago today - Feb 15, 1877

At the Saint George Temple two veils are used for "the first time in this generation."

160 years ago today - Feb 15, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]
I had the spirit of the Lord upon me & had a good meeting.

<I spoke to President Young about my [14-year-old] daughter Phebe. He did not wish to take any more young wives but would see that she was take up in due time.> [Angled brackets indicate shorthand / code]

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Feb 15, 1847

[Wilford Woodruff]
In the evening I met with the quorum of the Twelve & others to learn to take the proper Steps in dancing.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Feb 15, 1842

The Church's official newspaper Times and Seasons formally apologized for a sexual joke that had appeared within a wedding announcement the month before. Blaming "the boys" who had previously been compositor and typesetter, this apology insisted that Joseph Smith (the newspaper's new editor) had never written "a single indecent or unbecoming word or sentence" in his life. Referring to the bride and groom, the newspaper's offending word-play had stated: "... and they find a peaceful abode in the `narrow house,' may the many outs and ins they have made, leave to the world an abundant posterity to celebrate their glorious example".

[Source: "MARRIED--In this city on the 6th inst. by the Rev. Erastus H. Derby, Mr. Gilbert H. Rolfe, to Miss Eliza Jane Bates," Times and Seasons 3 (15 February 1842): 701, with the following statement on page 702: "The Times and Seasons, IS EDITED BY Joseph Smith" (emphasis in original). This announcement was immediately followed by another "MARRIED"-notice, signed "Ed."]" in Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

25 years ago today - Feb 14, 1992

The BYU Department of Sociology writes a memo to university president Rex E. Lee: "We wish to express concern over the possibility that disciplinary action, whether through ecclesiastical or university channels, might be taken against BYU faculty members for scholarly discussion of Mormonism, . . . We wish to express concern over the possibility that disciplinary action, whether through ecclesiastical or university channels, might be taken against BYU faculty members for scholarly discussion of Mormonism, . . . For example, if one of us presents at the Sunstone Symposium next year and our bishop or stake president judges us unworthy of a temple recommend or as deserving disciplinary action, such action could affect our position at the University given current policies as we understand them. . . . A serious professional contribution to the scientific knowledge concerning the Church, even one that is highly supportive of Church positions, is viewed as having the potential of costing one his or her position at BYU."

65 years ago today - Feb 14, 1952

[J. Reuben Clark]
Conversation with Dr. G. Homer Durham of the University of Utah, regarding the proferred honorarium of $125.00 in connection with the talk "Our Dwindling Sovereignty," 4th Annual Pi Sigma Alpha Lectureship, Feb. 13, 1952.

Pres. Clark: I was stunned with this check business here. ...

Pres. Clark: It is clear out of all proportion. Where do you get this money from?

Dr. Durham: This is an appropriation to the Institute of Government in the field of promoting political science. We have a small sum each year from the Board of Regents.

Pres. Clark: It is state money then.

Dr. Durham: Yes.

Pres. Clark: It being state money I will keep it. But if I can turn it back to you and have you accept it for some special purpose I will be happy to do that. I have never taken an honorarium. I went down to Arizona and turned it back and let them use it for some needy students. ...

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

80 years ago today - Feb 14, 1937

[George F. Richards]
We went to the Tecalco Branch, about 50 miles from here at the base of the volcano Popocatapetal where we went to the meeting, but when we saw their program, which was evidently intended to humiliate us and a threat to turn us over to the law if we did not approve their action in appointing a Mission President, we walked out and got out of the Republic as quickly as possible.

[Source: George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Feb 14, 1912

President Samuel O. Bennion, Independence [Missouri].

Dear Brother:

Your question concerning Adam has not been answered before because of a pressure of important business. We now respond briefly, but, we hope, plainly. You speak of 'the assertion made by Brigham Young that Jesus was begotten of the Father in the Flesh by our father Adam, and that Adam is the father of Jesus Christ and not the Holy Ghost,' and you say the Elders are challenged by certain critics to prove this.

If you will carefully examine the sermon to which you refer, in the Journal of Discourses, Vol[ume]. 1, you will discover that, while President Young denied that Jesus was 'begotten by the Holy Ghost,' he did not affirm, in so many words, that 'Adam is the father of Jesus Christ in the flesh.' He said, 'Jesus, our elder brother, was begotten in the flesh by the same character that was in the garden of Eden and who is our Father in Heaven.' ....

Your brethren,

(Signed) Joseph F. Smith

Anthon H. Lund

Charles W. Penrose.

First Presidency

[Source: Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Feb 14, 1887 (Monday)

In the Third District Court, Salt Lake City, Bishop Ishmael Phillips, of Union, and Henry Reiser, of Salt Lake City, were each sentenced by Judge Zane to six months' imprisonment and $300 fine, for u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife] The cases against Wm. H. Haigh, of West Jordan, and John Tate, of Tooele, were continued for the term. Wm. J. Hooper plead guilty by saying, "If it is a crime to support my family, I am guilty of u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]" Joseph Blunt also plead guilty.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Feb 14, 1852 (Saturday)

The legislative assembly of Utah Territory memorialized Congress for the construction of a great national central railroad from the Missouri river to the Pacific Coast. The memorial was approved on the 3rd of March following. At the same session, the legislature petitioned Congress for the establishment of a telegraph line across the continent.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Feb 14, 1847

[Hosea Stout]
In the evening I regulated the guard and met the High Council at six as usual. Here the subject of the police was taken up by myself & a long debate ensued which resulted in good for us, for it was understood by the council for us to do our duty & they sustain us in it & stop the noise of the boys in the streets if we had to use the lash &c[.] It was the first time that the Council had investigated our case[.] After Council a lot of Indians came in and staid all night.

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

75 years ago today - Feb 13, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
At 12:15 I attended a dinner party in Temple Square Hotel. ... I told of my experience of the past with the Japanese, that I was there nearly two years, and we baptized three people. The first one was guilty of burglarizing mission headquarters, the second one wanted to be crucified to help the work along, and he later asked to have his name taken from the record, and the third one my successor in office cut him off the Church for lying. That was the grand total of conversions while I was there. They have afterwards converted people who have been faithful members of the Church ever since.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

80 years ago today - Feb 13, 1937

A Deseret News Church Section photograph of LDS missionaries in Tahiti, with all males wearing white suit-and-pants, the custom in Tahiti. Issues of 23 July and 30 July 1938 have similar photographs of missionaries and their mission president in Tonga and Samoa.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

125 years ago today - Feb 13, 1892

[President Wilford Woodruff]
I listened to the reading of a Chapter in the History of Utah, including the Mountain Meadow Massacree which was a painful Chapter.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Feb 13, 1892 (Saturday)

During the proceedings before the U.S. Senate Committee, in reference to the "Home Rule Bill," an application for amnesty for polygamists signed by the First Presidency and the Apostles and dated Salt Lake City, Dec. 19, 1891, was presented. The application was endorsed by Gov. Arthur L. Thomas and Judge Charles S. Zane.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - Feb 13, 1877

Joseph Smith III, president of RLDS church, respondeds by letter to an inquiry from Texan J. L. Traughber: "So far as polygamy or spiritual wifery is concerned, the Reorganization denies its correctness without reference to whether he [Joseph Smith, Jr.] did or did not practice it"

140 years ago today - Feb 12, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]
Feb 12, 1877 I spent the day writing on the Ceremonies & we spent the Evening with President Young reading the Ceremony. We received a Telegram [from] washington saying the Electorial Committy at washington had broaken up. All the dimocratts had resigned. The Clerk of the House had ordered the Commission to stop Counting the votes and disorganize. Great Excitement Exhist in washington.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Feb 12, 1862

[Patriarchal Blessing of Sarah Ann Turnbow given by Charles W. Hyde]
... Thou shalt go into the Temple of the Lord, the place called the Holy of Holies and converse with Angels and be ordained a Queen by the Hand of your Redeemer and thy companion a King and priest. No good thing shall be denied thee, and I seal upon you these blessings of powers, dominions and eternal lives forever and ever. Amen.

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

155 years ago today - Feb 12, 1862

Wilford Woodruff gives a lecture on "History and Journalizing" at the Seventies Hall. "The Hall was Crouded to overflowing and Hundreds Had to leave who Could not get into the House."

170 years ago today - Friday, February 12, [1847].

B[righam] Young asked how long it will take to gather the Israelites, build up Zion and purify the earth when every man says I've done enough. God requires every man to do all he can. If I have no property there, and will not help those who are there, I am not worthy of wife, child, or anything else. When men say I durst not do anymore, I damn such a principle, you will be wasted away. I preached last night and I see it stick out this morning. I promise you in the name of Israel's God that you will be wasted away, that your bones will bleach on the prairies before you see Zion.

[Source: Apostle Willard Richards Journal]