55 years ago today - Sep 23, 1966

A First Presidency letter, "effective immediately," ending "missionary farewells" in LDS meetings. The letter asks local officers "that you counsel families against holding receptions for departing missionaries." Without a single reference to war, this letter responds to the disparity of holding joyous farewells for young missionaries, while also conducting funerals for young men who are drafted to serve in Vietnam without opportunity to serve a mission.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

75 years ago today - Sep 23, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]

Told Henry Smith about a woman representing herself to be a granddaughter of Pres. Clark getting a watch worth $300 from a Mr. Jensen at Boyd Park Jewelers under false pretenses. Suggested they carry a story in the News warning the people of this type of thing, without using Pres. Clark's name. There were other instances, Mrs. Adam Bennion's name being used to charge things. ...

Mr. H. Scott Johnston called again (he telephoned a few weeks ago to try to see Pres. Clark) and wanted an appointment. He is trying to set up an organization to fight Communism....

Told Helen Barton, that Pres. Clark said he did not say at Ensign Stake Confl that we would be at war with Russia within the year, that he does not make set date predictions.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

120 years ago today - Monday, Sep 23, 1901

[Rudger Clawson]

I read Sec. 24, D.&C., and made remarks on the great importance of listening to the voice of the priesthood and giving heed thereto, otherwise the Lord would send a cursing instead of a blessing. ...

Pres. Jno. W. Hess made concluding remarks and spoke in great power. He blessed me by the power of the priesthood and said that the spirit of the apostleship rested upon me. He prophesied that I should become a mighty man in Israel. Testified that I was called by the Lord to the apostleship and that the spirit of it would rest upon me greatly and abundantly. Said that I should live long upon the earth. Thus ended a very interesting and profitable conference, and one from which it was hoped much good fruit would be borne.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - Sep 23, 1886

Federal deputy marshals search the Gardo House in Salt Lake City in an unsuccessful attempt to find and arrest President John Taylor for violation of antipolygamy laws.

150 years ago today - 23 September 1871

BOOK OF BLOOD.—It is believed that the Mormon church has a record of all the murders committed by ecclesiastical order in Utah during the past twenty-four years. The crimes of all the rest of the world in that time mould make a brief memorandum in competition to this.

["Book of Blood," Corinne Daily Reporter, 23 September 1871, 2/2–4 (provided by Will Bagley)]

245 years ago today - Sep 23, 1776

The expedition of two Spanish Franciscan priests generated the first heartbeat of Catholicism in Utah. Francisco Atanazio Dominguez and Silvestre V. de Escalante left Santa Fe in search of an overland route to Monterey. They circled northward through Colorado, Utah, and Arizona before returning to New Mexico, the first known non-Native Americans to enter the land that became Utah. Traveling without military escort, they bridged the cultures of white man and Native American and drew the first maps ever made of Utah. A thirty-seven-foot steel cross stands today in Spanish Fork Canyon to mark their entry into Utah Valley on 23 September 1776.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Catholic Church in Utah, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

105 years ago today - Sep 22, 1916

[First Presidency to General Boards of the Relief Society, Y.L.M.I.A., and Primary Association]

Dear Sisters:

We feel that there exists a pressing need of improvement and reform among our young people, specifically in the matter of dress and in their social customs and practices. Our women are prone to follow the demoralizing fashions of the world; and some of the daughters of Zion appear to vie with one another in exhibitions of immodesty and of actual indecency in their attire. ... Many of our youth of both sexes are fast approaching a state of depravity in dancing, and in their feverish pursuit of frivolous and dissipating pleasures.

We are grateful in knowing that only a fraction of our people are seriously affected by the deadly contagion of Babylon ...

We call upon you, as the chief officers of a great and influential auxiliary within the Church, to give this matter immediate consideration ...

[1916-September 22-Original circular. Church Historian's Library,, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

125 years ago today - Sep 22, 1896

[Marriner W. Merrill]

[After a strong wind blew off the tin roof] We finished putting all the shingles on the Temple roof yesterday, 88 thousand in all. We had 36 carpenters shingling and 16 men and boys carrying shingles, and all worked with a vim to save the House of the Lord.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Sep 22, 1886

[John D. T. McAllister]

Said, some time ago, on account of an expected raid by our enemies, the Temple was closed and the records taken away, and transcripts of work done could not be given. He could not lay his hands on them, but they are in a safe keeping. [He] felt the time would soon arrive when we can have access to the records again and accomodate the Saints. Said the word is now given, that those who come into this Temple must keep the Word of Wisdom. Wines, liquors &c are good in sickness and should be kept in the house for medicine but not [as] beverages; they are forbidden.

[Temple Minute Book, St. George, Sept. 22, 1886, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

160 years ago today - Sep 22, 1861 (Afternoon)

Brother Brigham said it was the word of the Lord to us to wean ourselves from the world and strive with all our might to become one with Christ as He is one with the Father. Touched on the absurdity of following after the Gentiles and their fashions. Said the Lord would just as soon bless us in an old tow frock as arrayed in silks and purple. It was not the outside he looked at but the heart of a person. Said that he looked upon good common sense as the greatest blessing as an individual could have. Gave us some God like exhortations pertaining to our duties. -- Salt Lake City

[Diary of Charles Lowell Walker. Andrew Karl Larson, ed. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1980. 199, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Sep 22, 1851 (Monday)

The first legislature of Utah Territory convened in G.S.L. City and organized by electing Heber C. Kimball president of the Council, and Wm. W. Phelps speaker of the House.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Sep 22, 1851 (Monday)

Amasa M. Lyman and party purchased the Ranche of San Bernardino, containing about one hundred thousand acres of land. The location was about one hundred miles from San Diego.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Sep 22, 1846

A report reached us that A mob or company of Armed men were coming toward us from Missouri on the west side of the river. We called the men together in the encampment & organized them into A legion. Brigham Young occupied his former place as Major General of the Legion. Mr Stephen Markham Appointed Coiloriel, Hosea Stout 1st Major Mr [ ] Scott 2d Major [ ] And officers to fill out the legion the whole numbering about 500 men including three companies of Artillery men of 25 each. The day was mostly spent in this way. All were well armed and equiped for self defence.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Sep 22, 1846

At the re-organization in Iowa of the Nauvoo Legion, Hosea Stout instructs men in "the old Missouri Danite drill."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - Sep 22, 1831

Missionary Jared Carter records that he received the non-ordained "authority of an apostle." A revelation a year later contained the last known reference to Mormon missionaries as "apostles."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

195 years ago today - Sep 22, 1826

Joseph Jr. makes his fourth visit to the Hill Cumorah. Moroni tells him that if he meets the Lord's requirement he can have the plates next year. From his seer stone, Joseph learns that he should bring Emma Hale with him.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

25 years ago today - Sep 21, 1996

The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is enacted under Bill Clinton

[History of The Proclamation on the Family, https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/e/2PACX-1vRDUS68wfgWtZqdNv67AqfYGGfHrJiZi-B6dlDhDClQOatExFZDFt73srGQoul3U4_iXiTuYIqW57gs/pubhtml]

65 years ago today - Sep 21, 1956

Second counselor J. Reuben Clark reluctantly agrees not to oppose the First Presidency's decision to set aside two-thirds of tithing income to invest in government bonds, even though in previous months the church had already lost $1 million on its investments in government securities.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

110 years ago today - Sep 21, 1911

[James E. Talmage]

Forty-nine years old today. Had interview with the First Presidency, and was appointed by them to special work viz. the preparation of the manuscript for a booklet on temples and temple work. A few days ago, specifically on the 11th inst. the Salt Lake Tribune announced under sensational headlines that pictures of the interior of the temple in this city had been secured by men who had surreptitiously gained entrance to the building and that the parties having the pictures so obtained were then in New York negotiating for the sale of same to theatres or 'moving-picture' houses for public exhibition. It was further stated that a first offer had been made to the Church officials, and that $100,000 would be considered a fair basis of sale. The 'Deseret News' on the evening of the 16th confirmed the main facts of the report and published the seven pictures reserved by the President of the Church from the/conspirators and would-be blackmailers. The pictures are bromide enlargements of poor negatives, evidently made in haste, showing some of the temple rooms during the summer cleaning period. The authorities have since announced that pictures of the temple interior will be made, and that copies of same may be obtained by reputable publishers and other reliable parties, and further that it is the intention of the Presidency to publish a book on the subject of temples and temple work embodying such pictures.

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Sep 21, 1896

[Franklin D. Richards]

B[isho]p. W[illiam]. B. Preston called with [Apostle] M[oses]. Thatcher Jr. & informed us that Apostle M. Thatcher has now spent 27 out of 60 days in treatment by an expert in the Keely cure necessary to overcome the Morphine habit & asked that brother M[oses]. T[hatcher]. may be permitted to continue undisturbed in his treatment until the 60 days expire; which was most cordially granted. Pres[iden]t. L[orenzo] Snow, concurred.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Monday, Sep 21, 1891

[Wilford Woodruff to John Henry Smith]

Elder John Henry Smith

One of the Twelve Apostles

Dear Brother,

The condition of many of the saints in Arizona in Connection with their marriages has been brought to the attention of the First Presidency. We understand that there are many couples in that Territory who are prevented by poverty and other circumstances from going to the Temple to have their sealing and that many of the children are being born out of the Covenant [to parents who have not been sealed for time and eternity] because of this.

... we have decided to authorize you, as one of the Apostles, to dedicate rooms which are now used for prayer according to the holy order [of the temple ceremonies], and in those rooms solemnize marriages such as are properly recommended, and which are of the class referred to, that is, marriages of those who are unable through poverty or some other various impediment, to go to the Temple of the Lord to be sealed for time and for eternity.... I remain your brother

Wilford Woodruff

Form of Marriage

Brother, you take Sister —- by the right hand and receive her unto yourself to be your lawfull wedded wife, for time and for all eternity. With the Covenant and promise that you will observe and keep all the laws, rites and ordinances appertaining to this holy order of matrimony in the new and everlasting Covenant [of eternal marriage]. This you do in the presence of God, angels and these witnesses, of your own free will and choice. Do you? Yes! [Repeated for woman.]

By virtue of the holy Priesthood and Authority invested in me, I pronounce you legally and lawfully husband and wife, for time and all eternity.

I seal upon you the blessings of the holy resurrection with power to come forth in the morning of the first resurrection clothed with glory, immortality and eternal lives. And I seal upon you the blessings of Kingdoms, thrones, principalities, powers dominions and exaltations with the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. And I say unto you, be fruitfull and multiply and replenish the earth that you may have joy and rejoicing in your posterity in the day of the Lord Jesus Christ.

All these blessings, together with all appertaining to the new and everlasting covenant, I seal upon your heads, through your faithfullness by virtue of the holy priesthood and in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, Amen.

Kiss each other...

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

160 years ago today - Sep 21, 1861

Brigham Young's "destroying angel" William A. "Wild Bill" Hickman falls down and accidentally shoots himself in the liver when his gun discharges. He lives for twenty-two more years and omits this incident from his memoirs that are written before his execution.

165 years ago today - Sep 21, 1856

[Jedediah M. Grant]

"Some have received the Priesthood and a knowledge of the things of God, and still they dishonor the cause of truth, commit adultery, and every other abomination beneath the heavens, and then meet you here or in the street, and deny it.

These are the abominable characters that we have in our midst, and they will seek unto wizards that peep, and to star-gazers and soothsayers, because they have no faith in the holy Priesthood, and then when they meet us, they want to be called Saints.

The same characters will get drunk and wallow in the mire and filth, and yet they call themselves Saints, and seem to glory in their conduct, and they pride themselves in their greatness and in their abominations.

They are the old hardened sinners, and are almost—if not altogether—past improvement, and are full of hell, and my prayer is that God's indignation may rest upon them from the crown of their heads to the soles of their feet.

I say, that there are men and women that I would advise to go to the President immediately, and ask him to appoint a committee to attend to their case; and then let a place be selected, and let that committee shed their blood.

We have those amongst us that are full of all manner of abominations, those who need to have their blood shed, for water will not do, their sins are of too deep a dye.

You may think that I am not teaching you Bible doctrine, but what says the apostle Paul? I would ask how many covenant breakers there are in this city and in this kingdom. I believe that there are a great many; and if they are covenant breakers we need a place designated, where we can shed their blood. "

[Jedediah M. Grant, Deseret News, vol. 6, p. 235, reprinted in the Journal of Discourses, vol. 4, pp. 49-51, quoted at Mormon Bookshelf: http://mormonbookshelf.com/wiki/Blood_Atonement]

165 years ago today - Sep 21, 1856

This is the reason why the doctrine of plurality of wives was revealed, that the noble spirits who are waiting for tabernacles might be brought forth

[Journal of Discourses, 4:56, quoted at WikiQuotes: Brigham Young, http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Brigham_Young]

165 years ago today - Sep 21, 1856

[Brigham Young]

"There are sins that men commit for which they cannot receive forgiveness in this world, or in that which is to come, and if they had their eyes open to see their true condition, they would be perfectly willing to have their blood spilt upon the ground, that the smoke thereof might ascend to heaven as an offering for their sins; and the smoking incense would atone for their sins, whereas, if such is not the case, they will stick to them and remain upon them in the spirit world.

I know, when you hear my brethren telling about cutting people off from the earth, that you consider it is strong doctrine, but it is to save them, not to destroy them. . . .

And furthermore, I know that there are transgressors, who, if they knew themselves, and the only condition upon which they can obtain forgiveness, would beg of their brethren to shed their blood, that the smoke thereof might ascend to God as an offering to appease the wrath that is kindled against them, and that the law might have its course. I will say further; I have had men come to me and offer their lives to atone for their sins.

It is true that the blood of the Son of God was shed for sins through the fall and those committed by men, yet men can commit sins which it can never remit. As it was in ancient days, so it is in our day; and though the principles are taught publicly from this stand, still the people do not understand them; yet the law is precisely the same. There are sins that can be atoned for by an offering upon an altar, as in ancient days; and there are sins that the blood of a lamb, of a calf, or of turtle doves, cannot remit, but they must be atoned for by the blood of the man. That is the reason why men talk to you as they do from this stand; they understand the doctrine and throw out a few words about it. You have been taught that doctrine, but you do not understand it.

[Journal of Discourses, vol. 4, pp. 53-54; also published in the Deseret News, 1856, p. 235 Utah Digital Newspapers page 3, column 3, quoted at Mormon Bookshelf: http://mormonbookshelf.com/wiki/Blood_Atonement]

170 years ago today - Sep 21, 1851

[Hosea Stout]

I learned to day that Howard Egan, who has returned forom the gold mines lately, and upon learning that his wife had been seduced or in other word had had a child willingly by James M. Monroe during his absence. Said Monroe had also gone to the States for goods for Reese and was now on his return here, whereupon Egan went and met him near Cach Cave and after talking the matter over sometime Egan drew a pistol and shot him dead which makes the second man who has been deliberately shot dead for the same offence in less than one year in the Territory.

What will be the end of this last affair I do not now know.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

180 years ago today - Sept the 21st 1841

[High Council Minutes]

President Austin Cowles stated that as the High Council was unpleasantly situated in relation to its being inthraled with debts &c. which had devolved upon it in a time when it was under the necessity of transacting temporal buisness, for the Church...

[Minutes of the High Council of the Church of Jesus Christ of Nauvoo Illinois: Nauvoo Hancock County Illinois, http://amzn.to/uXAcJh%20]

20 years ago today - Sep 20, 2001

President Hinckley was among 26 religious leaders who met at the White House in Washington, D.C., with U.S. President George W. Bush regarding the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington D.C., on Sept. 11, 2001.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

85 years ago today - Sep 20, 1936

President Heber J. Grant dedicates the Winter Quarters Cemetery Monument in Florence, Nebraska, with the Tragedy of Winter Quarters statue by Avard T. Fairbanks as the central sculpture. The monument honors the Saints who perished there during the winter of 1846–47.

100 years ago today - Sep 20, 1921

Apostle Reed Smoot receives a letter from the president of Fox Films, agreeing to stop exhibiting the movie 'Riders of the Purple Sage,' after the First Presidency condemned the film on 24 Aug. The studio estimates its loss at $300,000 for withdrawing this and 'The Rainbow Trail,' which LDS leaders also regard as anti-Mormon. The studio re-edits 'Riders,' which Apostle Smoot reviews and approves on 15 Feb. 1925.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

125 years ago today - Sunday, Sep 20, 1896

[John Henry Smith]

Nephi

With others I went and administered to a Bro. Wright who is possessed of an evil spirit. We failed to cast him out.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

125 years ago today - Sep 20, 1896

Seventy's president J. Golden Kimball preaches: "There are 500 girls who are public prostitutes in Salt Lake City. Some of these are daughters of Latter-day Saints."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

140 years ago today - Tuesday, Sep 20, 1881

[John Henry Smith]

Today Bro. Lyman and myself made inquiry of several of the Twelve as to the position in which G. Q,. Cannon and J. F. Smith would be placed in the event of the death of President Taylor. Bros L. Snow and F. D. Richards were of the opinion they would be in the position of J. W. Young and D. H. Wells, councillors to the Twelve [but not members of the quorum]. The latter however modified his opinion. Bro. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, J. F. Smith, F. Lyman and myself were of the opinion that they would take their places in the Quorum of the Twelve, they standing in a different position from Bro. Young & Wells who were never members of that quorum.

I gave it as my opinion that all men who may be councillors to the President in the event of his death fall back to their Quorum from which they were chosen.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

145 years ago today - Sep 20, 1876

In John D. Lee's second trial - he is convicted of murder for his part in the Mountain Meadows Massacre. The jury deliberates for 3 hours and 45 minutes. Unlike at his first trial where no faithful LDS testified for the prosecution, many now testified against Lee including Daniel H. Wells (second counselor to Brigham Young), and massacre participants Nephi Johnson (Lieutenant in Nauvoo Legion who lead killing of women and children), Jacob Hamblin (president of Southern Indian Mission). Johnson and Hamblin perjure themselves and put all blame on Lee. Judge Jacob S. Boremon allowed the all-Mormon jury to be informed that Wells's presence indicated that the LDS church supported the prosecution. Juror Andrew Correy quoted the Book of Mormon to justify his guilty vote: "Some one had to be sacrificed, so at last I gave in-.Better for one man to die than for a whole nation to dwindle in unbelief." But he says of his guilty vote that finally made it unanimous, "I felt miserable, just as though the devil had some power over me."

175 years ago today - Sep 20, 1846

[Brigham Young]

When I see the suffering that this people are enduring from the conduct of professed Christians I feel more like fighting & swearing than preaching. ... if any man wants to go & join the mob I hope He will get marked so as to stay marked untill the resurrection.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Sep 19, 1936

[Joseph F. Smith]

"I know that God is a being with body, parts, and passions and that his Son is in his own likeness, and that man is created in the image of God. The Son, Jesus Christ, grew and developed into manhood the same as you or I, as likewise did God, his father grow and develop to the Supreme Being that he now is. Man was born of woman; Christ the Savior, was born of woman; and God, the Father, was born of woman. Adam, our earthly parent, was also born of woman into this world, the same as Jesus and you and I."

[Deseret Evening News, December 27, 1919, Section 3, p. 7, Remarks by Pres. Joseph F. Smith, quoted in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

125 years ago today - Sep 19, 1896

[Marriner W. Merrill]

Terrific wind last night blew ... all the tin from the Temple roof, damage not less than $600.00 to the Temple. I went to Lewiston, back to Richmond, and on to Logan. Found 67 large trees blown down on Temple Block and the tin off the roof.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Sep 19, 1886

[Patriarchal Blessing of Margaret Rigby RosKelley by John L. Smith]

... thou shalt ... see Zion redeemed and peace established in all her borders, thy Joy shall be full, thousands shall be fed at thy table and many will hail thee mother, and bear thy name in honorable rememberence [remembrance] to the latest generation, thy sons and thy daughters mighty and numerous, thy words, words of wisdom to all thou dost associate with in the absence of thy companion thy Guardian Angel will shisper [whisper] to thee of his prosperity and tell thee which way to turn. ... Thou shalt behold thy Saviour decend [desend] in the clouds of heaven in great glory and rejoice with him in company with thy kindred ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Sep 19, 1846

[Wilford Woodruff]

I conversed with Br Young & others abut A report that had reached our ears that the Marshall of the State of Missouri was on his way with a Posse to take the Twelve with some kind of a warrant. O Missouri when will thou scease seeking for the Blood of the Twelve Apostles And the Saints of God.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Sep 19, 1846

[Hosea Stout]

President Young sent me for Br G. W. Langley and after Council he informed us that it was reported that 12 dragoon United States horses had been seen taken on an island on the other side of the river and there kept by 3 men. The horses were fully equiped and it was supposed to be for the purpose of kidnapping some of the Twelve[.] The report seemed to be correct and created considerable excitement and agreed well with the report which Sarpee made to J. M. Grant that the United States Marshall was coming here with writs for the Twelve &cnow from this report we had reason to believe that they designed to catch some out and thus run them off on those horses.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

210 years ago today - 1811. September 19

(Orson Pratt) : Born in Hartford, New York. Orson attended a few classes in bookkeeping, mathematics, geography, grammar, and surveying, but was basically self-educated.

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

45 years ago today - Sep 18, 1976

Former BYU president Wilkinson gave the invocation before Benson spoke at this dedicatory service of the Freemen Institute on 18 September 1976. ... Skousen, Wilkinson, and Benson had been allied as advocates of the Birch Society for more than a decade. Now, for the first time, all three participated at an ultra-conservative political meeting also attended by the secretary to the LDS church president. The evident news black-out of this meeting in all the regular newspapers of Provo, Salt Lake City, and Ogden, Utah, apparently resulted from the fact that newspaper reporters were excluded from this dedicatory service of the Freemen Institute. Even the Mormon-Birch Utah Independent reported only Benson's attendance at the dedicatory service.

D. Arthur Haycock, President Kimball's secretary, specifically linked the Birch Society with this ceremony at the Freemen Institute in September 1976. After Wilkinson gave the prayer at the Freemen dedication, Haycock confided to him on this day that "nearly all of them believed in the concepts of the John Birch Society." That may have been an overstatement, but more importantly it showed that the Birch Society and Benson in particular had a partisan friend in the First Presidency's office. Haycock had been private secretary to Benson as Secretary of Agriculture and was a confidant and significant influence on President Kimball.

[Wilkinson diary, 18 Sept. 1976. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

120 years ago today - Sep 18, 1901

[David H. Cannon]

Pres[iden]t Brigham Young left St. George on 16 April 1877 for Salt Lake City and on the 17[th] [of ] April Pres[iden]t Young blessed me and set me apart to do sealings adoptions, 2nd Anointings[,] and all work in this holy Temple. This was done in Bellevieu [Bellevue, Nebraska] at the house of Brother Jacob Gates. I rejoice in this work and hope the time is not far distant when the temple will be filled with saints laboring for their dead. Be attentive and calm; see and hear what is done and said. Keep a record of what you do.

[David H. Cannon, Temple Minute Book, St. George, Sept. 18, 1901, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Sep 18, 1896

Dr. James E. Talmage waited on the First Presidency today, and spoke of the series of theological lectures which he had delivered some time ago in the Assembly Hall, and stated that they were discontinued for fear that his position as President of the State University might be considered by non-mormons incompatible with active duties as an Elder in the Church. Many persons had recently expressed a desire that he should reopen his theological class, and he was perfectly willing to do so irrespective of what might be said on the subject by outside parties. The matter was discussed, and the subject postponed for the present until Conference with the Stake Presidency could be had. Pres[iden]t. Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon expressed the fear that advantage might be taken of Brother Talmage's position if he recommended this work, and efforts would be made looking at his removal from the University. The matter was laid over for the present.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

140 years ago today - Sep 18, 1881 (Sunday)

Apostle Orson Pratt delivered his last public discourse, in the Tabernacle, Salt Lake City.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Sep 18, 1846

Enoch Lovejoy Lewis (black man Walker Lewis's first born) and Mary Matilda Webster, a white woman, were married in Cambridge, both of them LDS.

[LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

175 years ago today - Sep 18, 1846

When the mob occupied the [Nauvoo] Temple, some of them ran to the tower, where they beat a drum, rang the bell, and shouted for joy. One preacher yelled, "Peace! Peace! Peace! To the inhabitants of the earth, now the Mormons are driven!"

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

55 years ago today - circa Sep 17, 1966

Stephen Hays Russell ... reported the BYU spy-ring's findings to Ezra Taft Benson.

[Quinn interview on 16 December 1992 with a person (name withheld by request) who was a highly placed official at LDS church headquarters in 1966. While I was asking about other matters involving Ezra Taft Benson, this source brought up the BYU espionage and volunteered Stephen Russell's name as the person who forwarded the "spy ring's findings" to Benson. This forwarding of the spy ring information to Benson was also implied in Hankin interview, 17 Sept. 1966, pp. 6-7, and Sisson statement, 17 Sept. 1966, folder 10, Hillam Papers, and box 34, Buerger Papers. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

125 years ago today - Sep 17, 1896

[Anthon H. Lund]

"... went to the Temple. Senator Cannon and Governor Wells went with us. The question about what course [?] the Apostles should take was up and it was decided that we should keep out of politics IW ass urpis[?] sedt ah ear Broc aimous ayt hath ea asa gainsth iss oust al tungt [tingt ?] hec on vent iona ts S [or T?] Louisa ndt hens ayt hath ec o[?]nsid credt hathec ouldn oth avet aken ac onsis tentc oursina noth erw ay. Hed ecla wedh imgelfa Republic an andh esaidt hath ew anteda llw taht I ogot hes amew ay Ac om, mitt een as ap point edt ovisitm es est hat chera nd giveh in thewlt ima turn a foung now uos um. /Det v ar f ore [one?]. slaaeta tvia postlernes buldes kkeg aacn datt nle amP alitik [sic?]. John Henry vars kkeg 'odtt lilfredsm ad dike da hauh erg jortf oram staltsimger till at hjolps hansp Arti. Jos[eph] F. er en Guld [Gold?] man og Geo[rge] Q. C. er for Salv." [or Serlv] [nb. division shows where]

[nb. It is only the latter part of this entry that is written in Danish as shown. The first part makes no seeming sense until it becomes apparent that it is written in English with the syllables broken up non-phonetically and certainly non- grammatically. On card #2 I have interpreted the entry following this apparent device, while a Scandinavian expert in archives has helped me interpret the last portion which, as with the English words, continues to be broken up]

[The interpretation of the entry as transliterated above]

"I was surprised to hear bro[ther] cannon say that he was against his sons bolting the convention at St. Louis and then say that he considered that he could not have taken a consistent course in another way. He declared himself a Republican and he said that he wanted all Utah to go the same way. A committee was appointed to visit Moses Thatcher and give him the ultimatum of our quorum."[At this point the Danish begins; again, the words are separated and the whole very difficult to read. The following is an approximate translation] "It was suggested that we the Apostles should not take part in the talk about politics. John Henry was not well pleased with this because he is inclined [or feels disposed] to help his party, Joseph F, is a gold [en?] [if I am reading it right, the word is "Guld,"or gold] and George Q. C. is for self."

[That same day, Apostle John Henry Smith turned down an invitation to be nominated for congress]

[Diary of Apostle Anthon H. Lund, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Sep 17, 1876

[Wilford Woodruff]

17 Sunday I met with my [Prayer] Circle at Noon & attended [meeting] in the Tabernacle. G Q Cannon spoke 65 Minuts followed By President Brigham Young who spoke in power 40 Minuts. Said there was but two roads one to Exhaltation & glory and the other to Condemnation & final destruction untill the wicked would finally be desolved back into their Native Element & they be known no more forever. The Twelve met for Prayer.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Sep 17, 1846

The anti-Mormon mobs occupied Nauvoo and began the forcible removal of the remaining Mormons from the city. The Trustees gave the keys to the Temple to Henry I. Young, chairman of the Quincy Committee; he promptly opened the building to the mob, who began desecrating the Temple. The Trustees' actions were clearly done under duress.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Sep 17, 1846

Mobs drive remaining Mormons from Illinois, despite a treaty after a week of artillery bombardment in the so-called Battle of Nauvoo.