75 years ago today - Apr 26, 1943

Historian Dale L. Morgan writes to a friend: "My viewpoint about Mormon history is that of the sociologist, the psychologist, the political, economic, and social historian. I do not expect that the average Mormon will accept in its entirety the evaluation of Mormon history that I shall make, but I do expect that he will acknowledge my integrity within what he regards as the limitations of my understanding, or point of view. On such a basis we can get along very equably, and we may find that my interpretation of Mormon history will not, after all do such violence to Mormon ideas of that history."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

115 years ago today - Sunday, Apr 26, 1903

[Rudger Clawson, Chesterfield, ID Stake Conference]
Topics treated. The evil of people moving their homes from one location to another without counsel. People should be content to labor where the Lord calls them, and when a change comes, not to feel that the president of the stake, or the bishop, has their knife in them, or desires to injure them.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Apr 26, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
In company with my brother Willard & nephew Richard W. met Pres[ident] Woodruff & Geo[rge] Q. C. I was condemned without question Pres[ident] W. said I have talked with no one not read anything but the Herald this morning and I say when men leading men in our church undertake to defy the Gov[ernmen]t they should be careful to seek the council of the presidency & twelve I said President, who has defied the Gov[ernmen]t you should not judge me the words and what is written by the Herald an enemy The Pres[ident] decided for Willard & Richard to go on receiving volunteers. I said I have tried to make head against the spirit which is going through the people especially among our young men to rush into the army exhibiting a desire to engage in war; that spirit is not of God and I condemned it perhaps my language was rough and certainly subject to missinstruction but I am content for you to get your information from such men as Angus M. Cannon & C. H. Penrose who heard all I have said one disloyal sentence I will make such reparation as you may choose to recommend. The feeling among the gentiles and some of the Mormons is strong against me. God help me to be humble & take reproof in proper spirit. I will be one with the president God being my helper.

[Source: Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

120 years ago today - Apr 26, 1898

[Seymour B. Young]
Apostle B[righam] Young [Jr.] spoke in the large tabernacle on Sunday PM and advised the young men of Israel not to desire to enlist for the purpose of shedding the blood of their fellowmen. the two morning papers of today called him a coward, a traitor and &c, and even some of his presiding brethren have sensured him for making these remarks but I feel that they are exactly in keeping with the advi[c]e of President Brigham Young to us when we enlisted in the war of the rebellion in 1862. To not desire to shed blood and to keep from doing so for when our temples were completed he wanted the brethren to be able to go into those holy houses and minister for the dead and living and that they could not do this if their hands were stained with the blood of their fellowmen.

[Source: Seymour B. Young, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - Apr 26, 1873

Disciples-of-Christ elder Darwin Atwater writes that Sidney Rigdon visited his home several years before the Book of Mormon was published and, "gave a wonderful description of the mounds and other antiquities found in some parts of America, and said that they must have been made by the aborigines. He said there was a book to be published containing an account of those things. He spoke of these in his eloquent, enthusiastic style, as being a thing most extraordinary."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Apr 26, 1853 (Tuesday)

[13 missionaries] arrived at Calcutta as missionaries from Utah to Hindostan and Siam, after 86 days' voyage from San Francisco, Cal.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Apr 26, 1848

[Hosea Stout]
Jos Holbrook had seven head of his cattle stolen last night. We went South 6 miles and divided I with part of the company to the river bottoms & G. D. Grant with the rest to the West in the prairie where he found one of the Omahas with some of the Beef of Holbrooks cattle. He was asleep[.] When he came to the Indian the Spirit rested upon Br Grant & he spoke to the Omaha in his native tounge to the astonishment of all present for they all knew a few words in the Omaha tounge & knew he spoke by the Spirit to the understanding of the Omaha[.] After he was done speaking Grant took his horse & meat and his arms and brought them in. To night there was one man on guard on every Street East & West in in all 18 men 9 at once. I came home at one oclock with the sick head ache.

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

180 years ago today - Apr 26, 1838

Doctrine and Covenants 115:

1-4, The Lord names his church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [Previously "Church of Christ," then "The Church of the Latter Day Saints]; ...

7-16, The saints are commanded to build a House of the Lord at Far West; ...

[Source: Doctrine and Covenants, http://amzn.to/DoctrineandCovenants]

190 years ago today - 1828 c. Apr. 26

Lucy Harris left her husband in Harmony and returned to Palmyra, convinced that Joseph Smith, Jr. was an impostor who had no golden plates.

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Oliver Cowdery Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/Cdychrn1.htm]

120 years ago today - Apr 25, 1898

Apostle Brigham Young Jr., having been told to make no more public speeches against the Spanish-American war writes in his diary: " I condemned their war spirit as anti Christ, and those who encourage it will forsake the Gospel if they do not repent, and they will go to hell. See to it brethren that we do not offend our God, He will take care of the balance." That same day, at President Wilford Woodruff's request, a strongly-stated editorial is published in the DESERET NEWS countering Young's recent anti-war speeches.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

160 years ago today - Apr 25, 1858

[Hosea Stout]
Gov Cuming was introduced to the people by Gov. Young[.] He declared that it was his purpose to do us all the good he could and be our friend and attempted to justify the government of the U. S. in sending troops to enforce officers upon us against our will &c

Clements speech was enthusiastically cheered continually and when gov C. said that he would not hang as a rag on our garments against our will, the congregation cheered loudly giving him to see that the quicker he was oph the better would they be suited.

There was many personal sarcasms thrown at the gov & twice when he arose to speak he was most roundly hissed still[.] He seemed to take all in good parts as he said to me after meeting "that we had had quite a discussion to day and all would soon be understood and work well yet.and really seemed to be very much encouraged by the proceedings as if he had been well recieved....

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

160 years ago today - Apr 25, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
Sunday I attended the meeting at the Tabernacle. Mr A Cumings? and Col Kane attended the meeting. Gov Cummings addressed the people. Professed to be our friend. Wished if any felt oppressed or wanted his proteotion to manifest it by vote and to write to him under sealed note. A vote was taken and 3 hands raised out of 3,000. Mr Cummings was answered in a masterly manner By Br Gilbert Clements. John Taylor followed but being vary hard and personal to Mr Cumings was Stoped by President Young, who also introduced Mr Cumings to the Congregation at the Commencement.

I attended the prayer meeting in the evening. President Young said the family Altar was the same as an Altar in the prayer Circle. It is for parents and Children to Join hands over the Altar and pray. President Young said we have a report from the brethren who went into the desert and they have found a desert as we have been looking for. He said I told Hiram to make some thin boxes and put my windows in. Mark them so we may know whare they go for I should not think [it] strange if we used them in the same place. If the devil had all power I should not have any hope but would say Mr Devil go at it now and us up as soon as you please But I know Jesus Christ has more power than the Devil. I have rebuked the devil many times and he has obeyed me and many Elders in this when we have spoken in the name of the Lord.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Apr 25, 1843

[William Clayton]
Went to see Pres. Joseph. Scovil & other Masons came to see him concerning Sherwood who was threatening revenge on Hyrum. Joseph said if Sherwood injured Hyrum he would curse him. It was told Joseph that Grand Master Nye was dead upon which he made these remarks. 'When Nye was here and trying to pull me by the nose & trample on me I enquired of the Lord if I was to be led by the nose and cuffed about by such a man'. I received for answer -'wait a minute-'. Nye is dead and any man or mason who attempts to ride me down and oppress me will run against the boss of Jehovahs buckler and will quickley be moved out of the way.-| Concerning the opposition Lodge he said 'they will do us all they can let them go ahead' he gave us to understand that trouble would be the result of a division of the Lodge.

[Source: The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

100 years ago today - Apr 24, 1918; Wednesday

[Anthony Ivins]
Slips were passed around and people asked to write the names of those persons who would be acceptable for bp. The canvass showed 21 ballots cast, 17 of which were for W[illiam] B. Baker. Bro Baker was not present having gone to St. George. His name was presented to the people who voted for him unanimously.

Glencove [ward] 8-p.m. Bro Snow addressed the congregation. 44 pres- ent. Slips were distributed. A majority of ballots were cast for Bro. Jas. Bunker. His name was presented and una[ni]mously sustained.

[Source: Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

115 years ago today - Friday, Apr 24, 1903

[John Henry Smith]
By Telegraph it was learned to day that Prussia had ordered 145 Mormon Elders out of Germany. We asked the U.S. Senators to Communicate with Secretary of State John Hay, which they did.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

120 years ago today - Apr 24, 1898

The day after President McKinley had called for 125,000 volunteers for the Spanish American war Apostle Brigham Young Jr. gives a talk in the Tabernacle: "It is wrong for us to think of sending our young men to Cuba to fight in the present conflict. The fact that they would go from these lofty mountains into the malarial swamps of the South would make them much more liable to catch fevers and perish than volunteers from almost any other part of the country. There are other ways in which we can show our patriotism than by sending our sons to fight for our country at this crisis. The United States needs money with which to prosecute this war, and it will be far better for us to subscribe to this $50,000,000 bond issue than to send volunteers to perish miserably and uselessly in the swamps of the Southern coast." The next day Young is chastised by President Wilford Woodruff for speaking without authorization and told not to oppose the enlistment of Mormon volunteers.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

125 years ago today - 24 April 1893 ¿ Monday

[George Q. Cannon]
Services commenced at the Temple at ten o¿clock. ... This has been the longest and most interesting conference I suppose that has ever been held by the Latter-day Saints in this dispensation. At least we have no account of any conference being held at such length. It is three weeks to-morrow morning since conference opened in the Tabernacle. The proceedings there occupied two days, April 4th and 5th, We then commenced the dedication services in the Temple on Thursday the 6th of April. This afternoon makes the thirty first congregation of Adults who have taken part in the dedicatory services in the large assembly room. Besides these thirty-one meetings[,] five meetings were held for the children, and the presiding priesthood held three meetings on Wednesday and Thursday the 19th and 20th, so that altogether we have held thirty-nine meetings in the Temple since the 6th of April. On the 4th and 5th we held four sessions in the Tabernacle during the day and one priesthood meeting in the evening. Two overflow meetings were held in the Assembly Hall on the 5th, making an aggregate of forty-six meetings that have been held. I have attended all these meetings with the exception of the overflow meetings and one meeting in the Temple during the last three weeks. ... I have yearned exceedingly to have love and harmony restored, to have everything of an unpleasant nature banished and to have all hard speeches and hard acts that have been uttered and committed forgiven, and the Lord has heard my prayer. ...

I have considered it a wonderful blessing for me to be honored of the Lord as I have been during these services. He has placed me in a position where I have been honored by my fellow-servants and the Saints to an extent beyond anything I ever anticipated. President Woodruff has testified several times about myself and the spirit of revelation and prophecy which he said I had, and some of the Twelve have done the same, notably Brother F. M. Lyman. President Woodruff announced to the congregation that I was a man full of inspiration and revelation. Last Tuesday afternoon Brother Joseph F. Smith said that I had been filled with the spirit of prophecy concerning the great change in the midst of the people when no one else seemed to have that spirit. ...

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - Apr 24, 1858-25

Gov. Cumming, responding to the popular notion of extreme tyranny in Utah, offered to assist those who "considered themselves unlawfully restrained of their liberties." His notice was read in the Tabernacle on the 25th. Only 56 men, 33 women and 71 children responded. They wanted to leave "from a desire to improve their circumstances, and realize elsewhere more money by their labor." Mormon leaders pledged their assistance in leaving the territory.

[Source: Cumming's account: Mormon Resistance, 307-308; also, Normon F. Furniss, The Mormon Conflict, 1850-1859 [Yale University Press, 1960] 187; Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

160 years ago today - Apr 24, 1858 (or 5. Apr. by some accounts)

The bishop of Payson, his brother (the sheriff), and several members of their LDS congregation join in shooting to death twenty-two-year-old Henry Jones and his mother Mrs. Hannah Jones Hatch for committing incest by which she has a daughter. The men kill infant and also castrate brother/father. Perpetrators are indicted next year, but not brought to trial. When indicted again in 1889, Deseret News criticizes trial of this "antiquated Payson homicide" as anti-Mormon crusade against those who were justifiably "disgusted and greatly icensed" against "the brutal mother and son." Former sheriff is convicted of murder, former bishop is acquitted.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

165 years ago today - Apr 24, 1853

President Young, who informed us that this people had to fort up or we should not be safe for ten years to come, for said he, these mountains would be full of robbers, like the Gadianton robbers of old, and that he had been wearied with the foolishness and teasings of this people. They wanted to scatter abroad, thereby exposing themselves to becoming the easy prey to their enemies. He said this people must be wide awake and have their arms and ammunition in readiness and build strong holds or we should be swept off from the earth. -- Spanish Fork, Utah

[Source: Joseph Lee Robinson Diary, USOn the Mormon Frontier, the Diaries of Hosea Stout. Juanita Brooks, ed. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1964 53, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Apr 24, 1843

[William Clayton]
Sister Margt Moon [who would become Clayton's plural wife in four days] went with me. she is a lovely woman and desires to do right in all things and will submit to council [plural marriage] with all her heart. Got back at dark conversed some with President [Joseph Smith].

[Source: The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - Apr 24, 1843

Joseph Smith tells the Twelve, "wake up the people to the importance of building the Nauvoo House, as there is a prejudice against it in favor of the Temple." The Nauvoo House was to be, according to Smith, a hotel "where men of wealth, character, and influence from abroad can go and repose themselves."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

110 years ago today - Apr 23, 1908

"It may be of interest in this connection to know that one of the early customers of Mr. Alling was a man who became famous as the founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith. He used to come in on Mondays from his home in Palmyra and spend hours reading and selecting books and talking theology. It was at this time that he was engaged in writing his "Book of Mormon," but the present firm disclaims all responsibility for Mr. Smith's religious conclusions, even if he did buy his books and writing paper from their store."

[Source: "Rochester Furnished Paper. Book of Mormon Printed on Stock From Founder of Wellknown Paper Firm," Wayne County (NY) Journal, 23 April 1908., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Wayne County (Ny) Journal]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 23, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
A letter from David H. Cannon, president St. George Temple, and addressed to President Smith, was read. He said that they were short of help in ordinance work and recommended that Wm. Gardner of Pine Valley be called to labor in the temple as a missionary. This letter precipitated a discussion in relation to the temple, namely, as to whether it would not be a good policy to close said temple for three or four months during the summer, in view of the very light attendance. It was learned that on many days the companies were limited to some seven or eight people, or, in others words, that they were no larger than that number. Elder Clawson moved the St. George Temple be closed until after the October conference next. Seconded and carried.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Apr 23, 1898

Joseph H. Dean, former president of the Samoan Mission, records how First Presidency Counselor George Q. Cannon authorizes and assists him to marry his plural wife after the Manifesto: "He [Cannon] approves of my going to Mexico, and thinks it would be a good thing for me to do. Consents to my taking Sister A. [Amanda W. Anderson] ma faaipoipo [Samoan translation: for a bride]. Says that when ever we are ready to call upon him and he will give us the necessary documents." Ten days later Cannon gives Dean "the necessary document" to allow him to be sealed to a plural wife.

120 years ago today - Apr 23, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Have condemned in unmeasured terms our young men volunteering to go to war. First they would be victims to the malaria of the south and it is our business to preach the gospel not kill men.

[Source: Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - 23 April 1893 ¿ Sunday

[George Q. Cannon]
[Last day of the Salt Lake Temple dedication] It was storming very heavily, and the Spirit of the Lord rested upon the people in power, and they were loth to leave the hall. ...

Some time before I went East my brother David wrote to me that he and his wife Wilhelmina were greatly impressed that it would be right for their daughter Amanda who had died not long ago to be sealed to my son David recently deceased. Brother Helamen Pratt who is here with his wife from Mexico has also expressed a similar desire concerning a daughter of theirs who died not long since and who was said to be a very admirable girl. They had been deeply impressed with the feeling that it would be right to have her sealed to him. I desired my son Abram to act for his brother David, but it occurred to me afterwards that perhaps John Q. being heir ought to officiate. ... I performed the sealing ceremony. This was the first sealing for the dead that has been done in this Temple. The names of the girls who were sealed were Amanda Mousley Cannon and Aurelia Pratt. The girls[¿] mothers acted for them.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

130 years ago today - Monday, Apr 23, 1888

A blessing by John Oakley, Patriarch, at Snowflake, Apache Co., Arizona, Dec. 27, 1887 upon the head of John Henry Smith...

... as your days and years increase your usefullness shall also increase because of your gain in experience and prudence and discretion, and you shall live until you are satisfied with life and be changed in the twinkling of an eye ...

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Apr 23, 1843

Robert Wiley "finds" six metal, bell-shaped plates covered with hieroglyphs while digging in a mound near Kinderhook, Illinois. The plates are found with a skeleton eleven feet below the top of the mound. There are "two mormon elders" among the dozen people witnessing the excavation. The plates are brought to Joseph Smith who says "they contain the history of the person with whom they were found and he was a descendant of Ham through the loins of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and that he received his kingdom from the ruler of heaven and earth." In 1855 and 1879 associates of Wiley claim that the plates were a hoax gotten up by Wiley and friends to fool Smith. There is debate about the validity of the "hoax" stories until 1981 when the plates are subjected to testing which conclusively verifies their 19th-century origin and details given by the hoaxers in their manufacture.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

15 years ago today - Apr 22, 2003

Armenian Church Condemns Actions of Mormons

The recent report of the Mormon sect's `baptizing' notable Armenians is ludicrous, laughable and truly scandalous behavior. They have no right nor authority to 'baptize' any deceased Armenian Christian. It is an offensive affront to the people of the Armenian Nation dispersed throughout the world, who have repeatedly suffered martyrdom in the defense of Christianity. Regardless of who the individual is, whether saint or sinner, no one has the right to baptize someone who is deceased. Only Our Lord in Heaven has power over the lives of the deceased.

The Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, on behalf of the worldwide Armenian Church, condemns this practice in the strongest possible terms. In a statement from the Department of Inter-Church Relations of the Armenian Church, it is noted: `We call on the Mormon authorities to immediately cease this damaging and outrageous behavior. These actions are a violation against common decency.

[Source: Armenian News Network; A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

40 years ago today - Apr 22, 1978

The Church announces the name extraction program, through which Church members research the names and vital information of deceased individuals and families for temple work.

50 years ago today - Apr 22, 1968

The baptism of Juliet Hulme in California, despite her confession to LDS authorities that she was imprisoned at age 15 for helping to murder the mother of a girlfriend. Her baptism is a significant exception to LDS policies and leadership handbooks which prohibit the living baptism (or even baptism for the dead) for anyone convicted of murder. While active in LDS women's auxiliaries, she becomes internationally famous as Anne Perry, the author of murder mysteries.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

65 years ago today - Apr 22, 1953

Joseph Fielding Smith, president of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles, gives a speech at BYU titled "The Origin of Man" in which he not only declares organic evolution false but also attacks the scientific mindset. Two days later, Assistant Professor of Zoology Henry J. Nicholes writes to BYU administrators: "[while] the theory of organic evolution might have been a significant motivation for research in times now past, it does not need to be taught any more." He lists bacteriology, human anatomy, structural geology, general animal anatomy, plant anatomy and physiology, general agriculture, and taxonomy as "[A]mong the many avenues of research [that] do not need an understanding of the theory of organic evolution in the least." He askes, "How can this university ever become the university of the Kingdom of God as long as some of the faculty persist in their ignoring the words of our prophets and frustrate their students by unnecessary and damaging teachings? The very [existence] of [an] uncooperative attitude is apostacy-producing." The administration does not act on his recommendation to remove the topic from class discussions or textbooks. A year later Joseph Fielding Smith publushes MAN: HIS ORIGIN AND DESTINY which is the first book by a prominent Mormon that is openly antagonistic to much of science.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

75 years ago today - Apr 22, 1943

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
On Thursday night the 22nd I again met with a group of young people who are contaminated with the teachings of Joseph Musser who was excommunicated from the Church for immoral practices under the guise of plural marriage. He now puts forth the claim that The Presidents of the Church since John Taylor are really Presidents of the Church, but that they have been stripped of the keys of the Priesthood and that he, Musser holds them, as they were conferred by President John Taylor upon Lorin Woolley and gave them to Joseph Musser. How anyone can possibly be so foolish as to accept such a rediculous [sic] statement is hard to see, but when men love darkness rather than light because their deeds are evil, there is little that can be done about it. While the arguments of these people were all answered and they were silenced, yet they maintain what they claim, 'open minds' and want to investigate all things. The truth is that they have closed their minds definitely and wilfully against the truth. I warned them and told them if they continued in their course they would be absolutely without excuse in the judgment, and my garments are clean so far as they are concerned. This they acknowledged.

[Source: Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

105 years ago today - Apr 22, 1913

[First Presidency to Martin Anderson]
... your vision is just as capable of penetrating the interior of the earth as ours, or that of the owners of the mine. No, we would not advise you or anybody else to invest in the 'Dream Mine' or in any other mine.

[Source: First Presidency, Letter to Martin Anderson, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Apr 22, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
I hear the war is progressing. Many of our boys are anxious to go to the front. Let the wicked slay the wicked. mind our own business and God will take care of His people.

[Source: Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Sunday, Apr 22, 1888

A Blessing by Lorenzo H. Hatch, Patriarch upon the head of [apostle] John Henry Smith ...

... be of good cheer for you have been preserved as a chosen instrument and as a promised child to raise up the name of thy father and mother. Thy father obtained promises concerning thee. Thou has been impelled to go forward by the inspiration of the Lord thy God. As Jeremiah was ordained to be a prophet unto the nations so it has fallen to thy lot to in like manner lift up thy voice both long and loud and to spare not. It is thy calling to administer in behalf of millions as a great Apostle and to stand coequal with the chiefest of thy brethren. ... All your gifts have been foreordained and for this reason you have been shielded from the hand of the destroyer. The plans of the enemy have been frustrated and your life has been spared, thus saith the Lord your God, that you might continue to travel from nation to nation. They that you bless shall be blessed, and they that defy the Lord by your word they shall be cursed, and their generations shall cease from among men. Behold I say unto you, tongue cannot discribe nor pen record the glories that await you for your calling and election shall be made sure. The Angels of God are on your right and left, they have journeyed with you, by land and by sea. ... Though the heavens shall pass away, these words shall not fail. I seal all these blessings with your former blessings by the authority of my patriarchal Calling and in the name of your Redeemer, even so, Amen.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Apr 22, 1843

[William Clayton]
In the evening conversed with Margt Moon on the priesthood [IE polygamy. He would marry her five days later]. Had a visit from Olive, Diantha, & Lorin Far.

During the week Prest Joseph made a remark from which I gathered the following he was speaking of the meaning of the world Terrestrial which signifies the rolling of kingdoms, or in other words the rolling of a combination of kingdoms. The telestial is the rolling of one kingdom or globe only. And hence the celestial is the rolling of all the kingdoms of God which is the greatest of all glories.

[Source: The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

40 years ago today - Apr 21, 1978

Robert Stevenson, an African-American Mormon, marries Susan Bevan, a white Mormon.. They had met at Brigham Young University as students, but her Mormon family questions the viability of the relationship. Stevenson later notes that "everybody from the garbage man to the stake president had told her that marrying me would be to her eternal detriment." They seek an interview with a general authority, Boyd K. Packer. Packer calls in Marion D. Hanks. According to Stevenson, "Elder Packer squared off on one side, and Elder Hanks squared off on the other." Packer argued that Stevenson "could accomplish [his] mission in life and be more effective without being married to a white woman." Hanks said, "I think it's the best thing in the world that you marry Susan. I think that you'll be more effective and you'll be able to break down racial barriers easier."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

105 years ago today - Apr 21, 1913

[First Presidency to J. S. Page and Counselors]
We are informed that Bishop [John H.] Koyle is at the head of a company known as the Dream Mining Company; that the mine is being operated by revelation, and that the company is selling stock on the strength of a promise that the mine is going to yield immense wealth, which is to be used for the redemption of Zion; that it has already issued and sold large quantities of stock ... and that from time to time as the treasury has become depleted more stock has been issued ... thus presuming on the credulity of innocent members. Bishop Koyle and associates are carrying on their fruitless mining operations.

[Source: First Presidency, Letter to J. S. Page and Counselors, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Apr 21, 1898

Arrival in the British Mission of Amanda Inez Knight and Lucy Jane Brimhall, the first unmarried women to serve as full-time missionaries. Previously lady missionaries were married women who were set apart as companions to their husbands, usually mission presidents. On 16 Mar. George Q. Cannon had said that through the missionary service of unmarried young women, "some kind of solution would be found to the problem so often discussed, 'What shall we do with our girls?'"

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Apr 21, 1898; Thursday

Meeting of Council at 11 a.m. Temple. Pres[ident]. [George Q.] Cannon remarked to me this morning that "Our young men might distinguish themselves in this war." "Yes, they would undoubtedly extinguish themselves." "If I knew of any young men who wanted to

go to this war I would call them on a mission to preach the gospel of peace." Our mission is peach and to save souls.

[Source: Brigham Young Jr., Diary]

120 years ago today - Apr 21, 1898

Elder M[atthias]. F. Cowley reported that at a meeting in Preston [Idaho] at which Br[other]. Moses Thatcher was present, some of the members of the Church found fault with B[isho]p. William Parkinson because he did not invite Bro[ther]. Thatcher to take a seat on the stand. Bro[ther]. Cowley also stated that in a conversation with Bro[ther]. Thatcher, the latter took the ground that he was still an Apostle, although he was silenced and suspended for the time being from exercising his calling. After some conversation the sense of the meeting was expressed that B[isho]p. Parkinson was perfectly right in not inviting Bro[ther]. Thatcher to the stand in a religious meeting and that he be so informed.

[Source: Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Apr 21, 1893

[John Nuttall]
I found the President [Woodruff] very sick. he was dosing, when he awoke he was flighty. I spoke to him and he grasped me around the neck like he was in a spasm. I got him quiet. I was alone. His wife came in and was much alarmed. He had another attack in 3/4 af an hour and then another about the same time after. The family were much excited. Bro Clawson went for the Doctor. Pres[iden]t Geo[rge] Q. Cannon & Pres[iden]t L[orenzo]. Snow & John Henry Smith came in a hurry and administered to him. he revived. I went home to let my folks know where I was and back again. I staid with the President all night Bro[ther] Asahel Woodruff with me. I bathed the Pres[iden]t with alcohol & oil and he slept very nicely.

[Source: L. John Nuttall, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

185 years ago today - Apr 21, 1833

Joseph writes to the brethren in Zion, telling them not to print any of the new translation of the Bible in the Star, that it will be printed in a volume by itself, and the New Testament and Book of Mormon will be bound together in one volume.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

95 years ago today - Apr 20, 1923

[George F. Richards]
I had the unwritten ordinances of the Endowments typed today by Bro[ther] Jos[eph] Anderson under the direction of Duncan M. McAllister. This is done by the authority of the First Presidency. A copy is to be kept in the Presidents' Book at each temple.

[Source: George F. Richards diary, Apr. 20, 1923, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Apr 20, 1893

[L. John Nuttall]
Pres[iden]t Geo[rge] Q Cannon. I have seen the Savior Jesus Christ. & conversed with him face to face & he has talked with me. While we are in this house we feel the power of God & the good influences of His spirit. But we go away from here to our homes to the world & its ways, will we forget what we have felt?'The burden of carrying on and directing the affairs of the Church is now placed upon the First Presidency & this is a great responsibility'spoke 35 mintes. ...

B. Preston blessed & break the bread which was handed to each. B[isho]p R[obert]. T. Burton blessed the wine and it was placed upon the tables and all partook of the Sacrament'30 persons were here who were present at the laying of the corner stones of the Salt Lake Temple I being one of the number; 27 who were acquainted with the Prophet Joseph Smith in his day & time, 8 who had eaten with the Prophet at his table 6 who were in Kirtland [Ohio] Temple in the Prophets time, 1 baptized by the Prophet.'(Elder C. F. Middleton). Several of the brethren related brief incidents in the early days of the Church & of the Prophet Joseph Smith. ...

Pres[ident] Jos[eph]. F. Smith arose and blessed the brethren 'May peace bu unto you, may the Holy Ghost never forsake you, may you be true & faithful; & come up on the morning of the first resurrection with your wives, children & your children's children to reign among the Gods.' The Circle formed today was the largest ever formed in this dispensation. He said the sins of the brethren were forgiven them, they would remember this day and that they were one of the 115 privileged and blessed.

[Source: L. John Nuttall, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Apr 20, 1893

[Anthon H. Lund]
[At a meeting of the apostles held in the SLC temple and before adjourning to the celestial room to form the first Prayer circle in the temple] "Geo[rge] Q. Cannon My mind has been wrapt in vision since I came into this house and I have seen the glories of Eternity. I bear witness that Jesus lives for he has condescended to talk to me. I want the young to seek for this witness and to know for themselves our[?] God is a God of revelation. When you leave this meeting will you retain the Spirit you have now? I would to God that you did all feel as we do, and make the people feel the same. We do not want to dictate in politics, but we think we have a right to indicate the policy which the people ought to follow. We must use wisdom in not antagonizing the Democrats nor discourage the Republicans. The Republicans are still a power in the land."

[Source: Diary of Apostle Anthon H. Lund, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Apr 20, 1863

[Brigham Young]
We shall never see the time when we shall not need to be taught, nor when there will not be an object to be gained. I never expect to see the time that there will not be a superior power and a superior knowledge, and, consequently, incitements to further progress and further improvement.

[Source: Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:221-229; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - April 20th, 1853

Patriarchal Blessing by B. F. Johnson, given in Tempe, A. T. [Arizona Territory] May 25, 1889, upon Benjamin Samuel Johnson, son of Benjamin F. and Mary Ann Johnson ... And the meek of the earth shall rejoice in thee, and gather around thee as flocks unto their shepherds. The winds and the waves shall obey thee. Devils shall flee before thee, while the sick and the lame, the blind and the halt, shall be healed by thy command. ... Thy arm shall be strong to resist oppression and to avenge the blood of the innocent. The poor shall ever rejoice in thee, for the Lord will open unto thee the treasures of the earth, & thou shalt feed the hungry, clothe the naked, and be mighty in assisting to rear the temples, cities and bulwarks in Zion and in gathering her children. Wives and children shall be multiplied unto thee...

Thou shalt assist in rearing the holy temple in Zion, and thou shalt minister therein with thy companion, when the glory of the Lord shall rest upon its towers and fill its courts: and when Israel returns from the north country to receive their crowing in Zion, thou and thy companion shalt minister unto them. ... and I seal thee up unto eternal life, to come forth in the morning of the first ressurrection [resurrection], to be crowned with glory, immortality and eternal lives, in the name of Jesus. Amen.

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

180 years ago today - Apr 20, 1838

Heber C. Kimball and Orson Hyde leave Liverpool for America, leaving Joseph Fielding as mission president' and Willard Richards and William Clayton as his counselors. Since they arrived in Great Britain nine months earlier, about 1500 people have been converted and 26 branches established. Until the return of the Twelve two years later, almost as many would leave the Church in England as would join, due to a series of internal problems.

[Source: James B. Allen and Thomas G. Alexander, Manchester Mormons: The Journal of William Clayton 1840-42 7-11; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]