50 years ago today - Aug 21, 1967

A First Presidency letter: "It appears that some bishops and branch presidents remove the names of inactive members of their ward or branch from the Church rolls in order that the ward or branch statistical records may present a better showing... Even the fact that an individual has joined another Church is not always justifiable cause for excommunication... some wives of non-members have been exommunicated because their husbands refuse to permit them to be active."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

90 years ago today - Aug 21, 1927

Thomas S. Monson, later a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and First Presidency, is born in Salt Lake City, Utah.

140 years ago today - Aug 21, 1877

Aug 21, 1877 I Wilford Woodruff went to the Temple of the Lord this morning and was Baptized for 100 persons who were dead including the signers of the Declaration of Independance all except John Hancock and [William Floyd].

... [names listed] ...

When Br McAllister had Baptized me for the 100 Names I Baptized him for 21, including Gen Washington & his forefathers and all the Presidets of the United states that were not in my list Except Buchannan Van Buren & Grant.

It was a vary interesting day. I felt thankful that we had the privilege and the power to administer for the worthy dead esspecially for the signers of the declaration of Independance, that inasmuch as they had laid the foundation of our Government that we Could do as much for them as they had done for us.

Sister Lucy Bigelow Young went forth into the font and was Baptized for Martha Washington and her famaly and seventy (70) of the Eminent women of the world. I Called upon all the Brethren & Sisters who were present to assist in getting Endowments for those that we had been Baptized for to day.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Aug 21, 1852

[Wilford Woodruff]
The Shoshonees or snake Indians came into the City to day to make peace with the Utahs & Walkers Company. They smoked the pipe of peace & shook hands in friendship & fellowship. They have been at war for many years but through the wise course of President Young they are brought to peace.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 21, 1842

Sidney Rigdon preaches in the grove. He has begun to oppose Joseph bitterly. However, his daughter, Eliza, whom doctors had pronounced dead, has risen up in bed and said to her elder sister Nancy, "It is in your heart to deny this work; and if you do, the Lord says it will be the damnation of your soul." Because of this miraculous healing, Rigdon announces that rather than denounce the faith and call Joseph a fallen prophet, as many have been saying Rigdon believes, he wants instead to testify to the miracle of God and restate that his faith in Joseph is still strong. The Saints, having heard so many recent negative things about Joseph, are greatly rejuvenated in spirit by Sidney's testimony.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Aug 21, 1837

[Heber C. Kimball]
I will Relate a vision that I hade a day or two after we landed [in England]. I was [on] bord of a vessel with others and with me. The Ship was under full Sale. Seam as though thare was [a] difficuilt spot to pas threw. The wind blew harde and the chip was under great head way and thare was great danger of running bord of those snags. Thare was just room for it [the ship] to run betwixt them [the snags] and just as the chipe was pasing threw them thare [was] one right before it and the chip run over it and ground it to powder and did not hurt the chip and I have seen this fullfilled to the uttermost. Rev. Mister Fieldins Run before the work of God and it has destroid him and his influence and his church has left him and he is a object of pity; the Lord has ben with me and giving me drems and vissions and shown me of those things which was to come for this I thank my hevly [heavenly] Father for.

[Source: Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

25 years ago today - Aug 20, 1992.

David T. Cox, identifying himself "a lifetime member of the church in good standing," says he is "ashamed and terrified at the thought of a Mormon inquisition or LDS McCarthyism" and calls for church leaders "to destroy all non-statistical information" held by "the Strengthening Church Members Committee."

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

45 years ago today - Aug 20, 1972

Joel F LeBaron is murdered in Mexico by order of his brother Ervil. This is the first fatality involving polygamy since 1886 and the first killing of a Mormon schismatic leader since 1862. However, it is unfortunately only the first of dozen or more murders involving Ervil LeBaron's violent group, The Church of the Lamb of God.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Aug 20, 1942

President Grant called attention to the fact that it is several years since the death of the Presiding Patriarch, Hyrum G. Smith, and that the vacancy cause by his death had not yet been filled. He said he felt that the Church is entitled to a Patriarch and he had prayed earnestly and faithfully and had not been able to get the feeling that he should endorse the recommendation of the Council of the Twelve that Eldred Smith be made the Patriarch to the Church. The President said if the brethren of the Council all took the ground that this young man should be the Patriarch he would give him that appointment, but they would all have to sign their names to a statement to the effect that it is their impression that he is the man. He would not, however, attach his signature to theirs on such a document. If the brethren of the Council feel that way he did not want them to change their minds. President Grant said that the Lord has given him no inspiration that this young man should be the Patriarch, and he would not say that he could support him when he has not receive the inspiration to do so. [Eldred Smith would eventually be appointed Church Patriarch]

[Source: Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

85 years ago today - Aug 20, 1932

The First Presidency announces plans to erect a monument on the summit of the Hill Cumorah.

130 years ago today - Aug 20, 1887 (Saturday)

The remains of Pres. John Taylor were transferred to a granite sepulchre in the Salt Lake City cemetery.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Aug 20, 1862

Deseret News reports first counselor Heber C. Kimball's sermon: "Do not fret yourselves; if any man has done a wrong deed, do not undertake to kill him without knowing whether he has done right or wrong; wait till you have ascertained the facts in the case." No sermon requires Mormons to seek permission to blood-atone.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Aug 20, 1842

The Twelve carry out their decision of August 8 and excommunicate Orson Pratt [for insubordination related to his wife's claim that Joseph Smith had propositioned her while he (Orson) was on a mission)] and his wife [Sara for adultry, supposedly with disaffected assistant president John C. Bennett]. Amasa M. Lyman is ordained to the apostleship in Pratt's place. John C. Bennett is officially deposed as chancellor of the University of the City of Nauvoo. (Pratt will be reinstated into the Twelve on Jan. 20, 1843.) The high council of Nauvoo decides to divide the city into ten wards with a bishop over each. (This does not take place until Dec. 4, 1842.)

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - --20 [August, 1837].

[Willard Richards]
... I began to address the company, but was interrupted. On our return I was pelted with turnips, and etc., by the multitude; "the Lord forgive them."

[Source: Willard Richards Journal]

40 years ago today - Aug 19, 1977

The first annual Church Educational System Religious Educators Symposium (later known as CES Conference), a multiday conference for seminary and institute faculty highlighting the upcoming course of study, is held at Brigham Young University.

95 years ago today - Aug 19, 1922

[James E. Talmage]
Here I take occasion to record a manifestation of Divine over-ruling such as I have witnessed on a few occasions, the last of which is an occurrence of this day. A man who had been excommunicated years ago on proof of gross transgression had recently been readmitted to the Church by baptism on his profession of repentance and on the recommendation of his Bishopric. Application had been made by him, and this had been transmitted to the First Presidency, to receive his former blessings by the ordinance of the laying on of hands. The matter was referred to me. I interviewed the man in the presence of the President of the Stake, and the manifestation to which I refer is that of the Divine power compelling a man to tell the truth against his will. It was evident that this man had falsified to his Bishopric as also to the Stake Presidency. Under questioning, evidently against his desire and literally with the gnashing of teeth, he confessed to other sins than those for which he had been dealt with and to recent transgressions. The evil one has very great power over him, and I fear will continue to hold it unless the man is genuine and whole-souled in his repentance. Of course, I declined to officiate in the ordinance of restoring to him his former Priesthood.

[Source: The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

120 years ago today - Aug 19, 1897; Thursday

The First Presidency, at their office this morning, appropriated the sum of $555 to the Willow Creek Ward towards a new meeting house. The amount from the present year's tithing less five per cent losses and ten per cent handling. The full amount being about $650.

At 11 A.M. the First Presidency and Apostles met at the Temple. Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith drew attention to the fact that some of the [Joseph] Smith family who had died had not received the Temple ordinances, and asked in relation to William Smith and Emma Smith, brother and wife of the Prophet. Pres[ident]. [Wilford] Woodruff thought it was better to leave those persons in the hands of the Prophet himself. ...

Pres[ident]. Woodruff explained some things in connection with Bro[ther]. Orson Hyde's repentance. After his wrongdoing, he was endeavoring to cross the Mississippi River and was thrown into the water, but floated onto some driftwood and while clinging to it in a drowning condition, he called upon the Lord to spare his life, promising that he would repent, confess his sins and ask those whom he had wronged to forgive him. This he subsequently carried into effect, and manifesting sincere repentance he was forgiven. ...

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Aug 19, 1892

[Francis M. Lyman]
Assisted Governor Thomas and a gentleman from Pittsburgh to get a peep into the temple.

[Source: Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Aug 19, 1877

Apostle Wilford Woodruff tells Sunday school meeting that he heard Joseph Smith say: "If the people knew what was behind the vail they would try by every means to commit suicide that they might get there but the Lord in his wisdom had emplanted the fear of death in every person that they might cling to life and thus accomplish the designs of their creator." Later Woodruff spends the evening preparing a "list of the Noted Men of the 17 Centaury and 18th including the signers of the declaration of Independance for Baptism on Tuesday the 21 Aug 1877." Though he did not record the incident in his journal, he later claims that he had been visited in dreams or visions by the signers of the Declaration of Independence, who had urged him to help redeem them by doing their temple work" Brigham Young preaches: "The great majority of men who have amassed great wealth have done it at the expense of their fellows, on the principle that the doctors, the lawyers and the merchants acquire theirs. Such men are impositions on the community, and they ought to be taken and put to some honorable labor such as raising potatoes, raising grain, cattle and sheep, and performing other useful and necessary labors for the good of mankind. Amen."

175 years ago today - Aug 19, 1842

The SANGAMO JOURNAL publishes "JOE SMITH'S MORALITY. What Joe's morality amounts to, can be learned from his letter to Miss Rigdon, which will be found in the 6th communication of Gen. Bennett, in this paper. Joe Smith, in the letter alluded to, undertakes to sustain by the Scriptures, by reason, argument, and GOD'S REVELATION TO HIMSELF, the lawfulness of his "spiritual wife doctrine." Joseph Smith's letter to Nancy Rigdon is given by John C. Bennett, former Assistant P resident of the Church, in his exposee of Mormonism./ Mormon leaders deny that Joseph wrote the letter and claim it is made up by Bennett. However long after the Mormons have moved to Utah the same "essay" is published in the History of the Church and later in "Teaching of the Prophet Joseph Smith" as being by Joseph Smith.

Nancy had refused Joseph's proposal and he dictated a letter to her a day or two later about plural marriage, hoping to convince her to marry him.

"Happiness is the object and design of our existence ... we cannot keep all the commandments without first knowing them ... That which is wrong under one circumstance, may be, and often is, right under another."

Joseph tells Nancy that enjoying God's "gifts" and "enjoyments" is not a sin if there is revelation, and that those who receive this blessing "shall have abundantly".

"[I]t is proper that we should enjoy His gifts and blessings whenever and wherever He is disposed to bestow; but if we should seize upon those same blessings and enjoyments without law, without revelation, without commandment, those blessings and enjoyments would prove cursings"

The letter discusses the centrality of revelation, that it must be followed even if it appears unreasonable:

"This is the principle on which the government of heaven is conducted--by revelation ... Whatever God requires is right, no matter what it is, although we may not see the reason thereof till long after the events transpire. "

Joseph then gives an example of Solomon asking for wisdom and receiving a "special revelation" which granted "every desire of his heart" that others "considered abominable."

"So with Solomon: first he asked wisdom, and God gave it him, and with it every desire of his heart, even things which might be considered abominable to all who understand the order of heaven only in part, but which in reality were right because God gave and sanctioned by special revelation."

The last part of the letter transitions into an unannounced revelation. The first portion of the revelation is directed to Nancy telling her to seek for revelation, and warns that she should refrain from those "I have not given you", an apparent reference to her romantic interest in Francis Higbee.

"-he says, ["]Ask and ye shall receive, seek and ye shall find;" but, if you will take that which is not your own, or which I have not given you, you shall be rewarded according to your deeds;"

The rest of the revelation is directed to a broader audience, although intended for Nancy's ears. Presumably to those who accept Joseph's proposal, the Lord will not withhold any "good thing" to those "who will listen to ... the voice of my servant," for God delights in those who to "abide by the law of my kingdom." Perhaps referring to turmoil they may feel in learning about plural marriage, the revelation concludes, "in the end they would have joy"

185 years ago today - Aug 19, 1832

Jesse Gause sets out on an eastern mission with Zebedee Coltrin. Coltrin returns to Kirtland because of illness. Jesse Gause (set apart as Joseph's counselor on March 8, 1832) continues east and soon disappears from all Church history records.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - Aug 18, 2007

Church contractors implode a 20-story office building in downtown Salt Lake City, the final step in preparations to begin construction on City Creek Center, a $1.5 billion redevelopment project. (Presiding Bishop H. David Burton has stated that no tithing funds will be used in the completion of this project.)

Church publicists announce that City Creek Center is scheduled to be completed in 2011.

[Source: http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/282148/]

25 years ago today - Aug 18, 1992.

Keynoting the devotional for the estimated 30,000 participants at BYU Education Week, Elder Neal A. Maxwell criticizes some intellectuals: "Exciting exploration is preferred by them to plodding implementation, as speculation and argumentations seem more fun to these few individuals rather than consecration, so they even try to soften the hard doctrines. By not obeying, they lack knowledge and thus cannot defend their faith, and a few become critics instead of defenders."

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

170 years ago today - Aug 18, 1847 (Wednesday)

Nearly half of the Pioneers left G.S.L. Valley with ox teams, on their return to Winter Quarters for their families.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Aug 18, 1842

Joseph Smith to the Whtneys (parents of his bride of three weeks) "... my feelings are so strong for you since what has pased [sic] lately between us that the time of my absence from you seems so long and dreary, that it seems as if I could not live long in this way: and <if you> three would come and see me in this my lonely retreat, it would afford me great relief, of mind ... I have a room intirely [sic] by myself, the whole matter can be attended to with most perfect safty [sic] ... the only thing to be careful of; is to find out when Emma comes [here,] then you cannot be safe, but when she is not here, there is the most perfect safty [sic] ... pardon me for my earnestness on <this subject> when you consider how lonesome I must be ... I think Emma wont [sic] come to night [--] if she dont [sic,] dont [sic] fail to come to night."

[Source: Dean C. Jessee, comp. and ed., Personal Writings of Joseph Smith, rev. ed. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2002), xx ("Insertions [by Joseph Smith] are enclosed in angle brackets: < >"), 566-67 ("TO THE WHITNEYS[,] 18 AUGUST 1842"), in "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

75 years ago today - Aug 17, 1942

The 'SS Brigham Young' is launched as a Liberty Ship for transporting troops, prisoners, and freight. Christened by Lucy Gates Bowen (his granddaughter) in Los Angeles Harbor. On 22 May 1943 the 'SS Joseph Smith' is launched. The former survives World War II, but the latter sinks in heavy seas on 11 Jan. 1944.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Aug 17, 1897; Tuesday

Brother Jesse Knight, of Provo [Utah], called on the First Presidency today. ... Jesse has become very wealthy through success in mining ventures. These had been pointed out to him by manifestations, in which a voice directed him like someone speaking to him through a telephone, so he explained to the Presidency, to whom he related his singular experiences.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

145 years ago today - Aug 17, 1872

[Wilford Woodruff]
President Brigham Young said to me I would like to put 1,000 families on My farm which would make 10 Acres each & Commence the order of Enoch but I would want a Revelation to know who to put there. I know of 2 Men that I think would do right & that is you & me. I Could not say about our families.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Aug 17, 1857

A member of the Dukes train, S. B. Honea, stated "that he passed through Great Salt Lake City on August 17, that he saw everywhere preparations for war, that the company were harassed by Indians all the way, that in southern Utah they hired Mormon guides and interpreters to the sum of $1,810, and then were robbed on the Muddy [River] of 375 head of cattle. [George B.] Davis described the Indians who stole the cattle as having among them some with light, fine hair and blue eyes, and light streaks where they had not used sufficient paint. He gave the number of cattle taken as 326 head…..On October 17, the first members of the Duke train of emigrants arrived half-starved at San Bernardino with the Mormon theft of their cattle to add to the tale of the massacre.

Pitchforth reports Fancher party passes through Nephi.

[Source: Exploring Mormonism: Mountain Meadows Massacre Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/mountain-meadows-massacre-timeline/]

25 years ago today - Aug 16, 1992.

David Knowlton and Linda King Newell appear on the weekly program Utah 1992 (KXVX, Channel 4, Salt Lake City), moderated by Chris Vanocur and Paul Murphy. In response to questions, Linda relates the story of the banning of the Emma biography and David describes his encounters with his stake president. ... Linda describes the "devastating" impact of receiving phone calls from all over the country based on such rumors as that she had been excommunicated for adultery and of going into an interview with two general authorities who had not read the book. "I have four kids," she says. "You cannot believe the impact this has had on them, and my husband. They'll never see the church the same way--ever. . . . It hurts so much. And it hurts so much to see it happening again and again. . . . I'm seeing my friends getting picked off one by one. . . . And it's ongoing. I'm blacklisted now, along with a lot of other good people." But when asked, "Do you ever think about leaving?" she responds, "No, why would I leave? It's my church. I chose it."

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

155 years ago today - Aug 16, 1862

[Joseph Knight, Jr.]
... in 1827 [1826] he [his father] hired Joseph Smith; Joseph and I worked and slept together. my Father said Joseph was the best hand he ever hired. we found him a boy of truth, he was about 21 years of age. I think it was in November [1826] he made known to my Father and I, that he had seen a vision, that a personage had appeared to him and told him <<where>> there was a gold book of ancient date buried, and if he would follow the directions of the Angel he could get it. we were told it in secret; ... he [Joseph] went to see them [the gold book], but did not go as he was told so he could not get them; as my Father has given the particulars I will skip over; at last he got the plates, and rode in my Father's wagon and carried them home.... Joseph had commenced to translate the plates, ... at last Oliver Cowdery came to write for him, then he got along faster ...

[Source: Joseph Knight, Jr., "Joseph Knight's incidents of history from 1827 to 1844 / Aug. 16, 1862 / compiled from loose sheets / in J[oseph]. K[night].'s possession / T[homas]. B[ullock].," Joseph Knight, Jr., File, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Knight, Jr., History]

160 years ago today - Aug 16, 1857

[Heber C. Kimball]
". . . for if men turn traitors to God and His servants, their blood will surely be shed, or else they will be damned, and that too according to their covenants"

[Source: Heber C Kimball, Journal of Discourses, vol. 4, p. 375]

160 years ago today - Aug 16, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]
This was one of the most important days that the Church & kingdom of God has seen in this dispensation. ... Presidet Brigham Young ... told us & all the world what the will of God was & what his intentions were. He would no longer submit to their [the United States] Ungodly persecutions. If General Harney Came here with an armey to destroy this people we would destroy him & his armey. ... should they undertake to send an army of 50,000 or 100,000 men next year we will lay waste this whole Territory & flee into the mountains. I will lay all my dwellings in Ashes. ... Then do you not think that our Canyons will be ad[apted?] for the bones of our Enemies? I think it will.

... I have had to hold the Indians here for years from destroying the emigrants. I have had to give them many thousands of dollars to keep them from killing the Gentile Emigration to Calafornia. ...

I want this people to go to & save all their grain & prepare to cash it up in the mountains but dont let your Neighbor know whare you put it. I want you to prepare for a 7 years siege.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 16, 1842

Nauvoo, Illinois. In a letter to his wife, Emma Smith, Joseph Smith mentioned how he, through dream and vision, was persuaded against traveling to the -"Pine Country-" in Wisconsin.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

30 years ago today - Aug 15, 1987

The Genealogical Department was renamed the Family History Department.

[Source: Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

70 years ago today - Aug 15, 1947

[J. Reuben Clark]
Bro. Virgil Smith called. He said he had talked with Bp. Elggren and Bp. Brewster at a High Council meeting last night, and they said that the word they got on the negro question was direct from President [George Albert] Smith, who called them personally on the telephone (after he was President), and it is just possible that his second experience was a personal call, but he knows he received a letter from Pres. Smith. ... He had met Bro. Smith on the street and he had "kidded" him about being so hard on the negroes; it was after this he got the letter from Pres. Smith, which was in a sort of general way, saying the Church could not discriminate. ...

Bro. Smith said he searched two hours last night through his papers and was unable to find the letter. He rather laughed and said that he kept the letters that gave him commendation and authority to do something, but was not too anxious to keep ones that "spanked" him.

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

105 years ago today - Aug 15, 1912; Thursday

[James E. Talmage]
Attended council meeting of the First Presidency and Twelve in the Temple.

In the matter of publication of colored post cards showing temple interiors, referred to under date of 8th inst., the First Presidency has directed that the entire edition be destroyed.

[Source: James E. Talmage, Diary]

130 years ago today - Aug 15, 1887 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon]
The question of finishing the interior and roof of the Temple at Salt Lake City was considered. Most of the brethren were in favor of making the building fireproof, and using iron or steel for the roof and cement, tiles and iron for the joists, girders, floors, &c.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - Aug 15, 1857

(15-16) Apostle George A. Smith preaches fiery sermons at Cedar City in southern Utah. Smith left Salt Lake City on 13 Aug. and brings latest news of U.S. army's "invasion," also report of Apostle Pratt's murder in Arkansas. Smith likes wearing a holstered revolver in public, appeals to memories of Missouri persecutions, and has been preaching "speedy vengeance" for a decade. From all accounts he leaves Mormons of southern Utah filled with hatred and fear of their approaching enemies. A clerk records that in traveling north on 25 Aug. Smith meets "a party of emigrants who seemed to he much excited and placed on a double guard as soon as we arrived." A few days later that emigrant party camps farther south at place called Mountain Meadows.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Aug 15, 1847 (Morning)

[Brigham Young]
President Young addressed the congregation on the sealing principles, or more particularly, on the law of adoption. He told them: It did not detract from a man's glory to be sealed to another, but added to it, for he still held that of his own and adopted parents at the same time. -- SLC Bowery

[Source: Pioneering the West 1846 to 1878: Major Howard Egan's Diary. Howard R. Egan, ed. Salt Lake City, 1917. 122, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Aug 15, 1847

[Brigham Young]
The Lord converses with men on the earth in the form of A servent & by visions & dreams &c but He never appears [to] man in the flesh in the fulness of his glory, for He is as a consuming fire & a mortal body would perish in an instant... as all the ordinances of the gospel Administered by the world since the Aposticy of the Church was illegal, in like manner was the marriage Cerimony illegal and all the world who had been begotton through the illegal marriage were Bastards not sons & Hence they had to enter into the law of adoption & be adopted into the Priesthood in order to become sons & legal heirs of salvation.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 15, 1842

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith heard multiple reports that sheriffs, officers, and a militia were on their way to take him captive.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]