105 years ago today - Jun 17, 1914; Wednesday

M[atthias]. F. Cowley's case. He was not convicted of conniving at new plural marriages.

[Rudger Clawson, Record of Meetings and Activities, Quinn Papers, original in LDS Archives]

105 years ago today - Jun 17, 1914; Wednesday

M[eetin]g B[isho]ps B[ui]ld[in]g--10 council Matthias F. Cowley--Geo[rge] J. Cannon--

Afternoon same--10 Council there--all spoke--

Decided take no action against Bro[ther]. [Matthias F.] Cowley.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

105 years ago today - Jun 17, 1914; Wednesday

Prayer was offered by President [Francis M.] Lyman, who afterwards stated that he would like to clear Brother [Matthias F.] Cowley's case up so that he will not have to appear before us again. I desire to direct attention to the fact that since the administration of President [Wilford] Woodruff and President [Lorenzo] Snow that there has been no legitimate authority given to perform these [plural] marriages. That President Snow made it very clear, as Brothers [Heber J.] Grant and [Rudger] Clawson will remember that these things must stop. At the beginning of 1900 he laid it down to the Church and to the world that there was no member of this Church who had the right to enter into such marriages or perform such. Now it appears that Brother Cowley has been the prime mover during the administration of President Lorenzo Snow and very nearly all that he has done has been done since that time. Dr. James E. Talmage on request read the declaration of President Snow also that of President [Joseph F.] Smith who has been particularly moved in this desire to find out who is doing these things. Now, said President Lyman, I believe that we have discovered that Brother Cowley has been the prime mover in this thing and at the head of it all especially since President Snow's time. He has been the prime mover in getting prominent brethren presidents of [s]takes and officers in the Church into this condition. I think we have discovered that he has been right in it from 1898 until the declaration of President Smith in 1904. That he carried on the business as far as he could and when he came to the danger point of doing this himself, I believe that he arranged for some one else to do this thing in Canada and other places and his brother-in-law Woolf now stands in a very grave condition. Brother Woolf's son John came and plead with me to handle his father but not to publish it to the world. Brother Cowley set the trap for Brother [Judson] Tolman and then for Brother John W. Woolley and I think he got Brother John W. Taylor into his trouble. I want Brother Cowley to stand up here and tell us what he has done that we don't know, he has not been required to do these things. In the presence of John Henry Smith, A[nthony]. W. Ivins and myself, John W. Taylor advised us that you had offered him the privilege of entering this relationship and that he accepted although your senior. You seem to think you had the authority and took brother Thomas Chamberlain and others away from me after I had advised them that this thing could not be done. Brother Merrill of Pocatello [Idaho] also claimed that you encouraged him although he never got a wife.

Brother Cowley, in answer to President Lyman's charges said: I appear before you now, brethren humbly as I have each of the ten times I have been before you heretofore. I answered nearly all

Brother Lyman's accusations four years ago. I never started Brother Woolley out and I never started Brother Woolf and did not know he was doing this thing unauthorized. President [Charles O.] Card was appointed by President [George Q.] Cannon and when he became a little demented, I understand Brother Woolf was attending to it, but I had nothing to do with it. I did not start Brother Tolman out. I did not know about him until James A. Eldredge told me. I never encouraged [Donald] McGregor, in fact discouraged him the same with Woolfenden who I heard claimed Tolman had the authority, but I told him that Tolman did not have the authority. Bro[ther]. Cowley referred to Bishop Robinson's case (of Mexico) who tried to influence me to marry him and I refused, but he later got a woman so I understand, but I had nothing to do with it. The first one I married was Ben E. Rich in 1898. Brother [Marriner Wood] Merrill kept a record of all these marriages in the Logan Temple under the direction of President Cannon. Brother [Douglas M.] Todd was the next, as I remember. I married Thomas Chamberlain after he had gone to President Cannon. I married Joseph Robinson. Brother Merrill married his son Ezra in the Logan Temple, if I am not mistaken. I had nothing whatever to do with the marriage of that man. I feel that it is an awful injustice to me to accuse me of being at the bottom of all of these cases. I knew of the declaration of President Snow, but at the same time President Woodruff made a declaration which was violated during his administration and he knew of it and did not sop it. I went direct to President Snow regarding Joseph Morrell and Louis Kelsch and Brother Snow told me that he could do nothing but would not interfere with the unfinished work of President Woodruff and President Cannon. I cannot prove this statement as there was no one present except President Snow and myself. I was married to Sister Harker by the Apostle who was the president of the Logan Temple [i.e., Marriner Wood Merrill]. President George Q. Cannon authorized me under the administration of President Woodruff in 1898. I was made an Apostle in 1897. President Cannon told me personally to attend to these matters. There was no laying on of hands, but he gave the authority personally. The commission at this time was to marry Brother Ritch [sic], but later I was told by him that I could attend to suitable cases. He never told me to stop and no one has told me to stop, except Brother Ivins claims he brought me the word from President Smith that unless a bigger man than he came there (Mexico) I was to quit. This was after President Smith's declaration and I never performed a ceremony after that and for some time before that time. When people came to me before this time and after I discouraged the parties, especially after John W. Taylor and I were dropped from the Quorum. I don't think the people who go into this are induced except by themselves, it seems to be in them. I have discouraged those who have come to me in private but have not the opportunity to publicly declare against it. Arthur Clark has come to me and I have told him that it could not be done but he says that he cannot be convinced that it is not right, that the principle is correct and that the Lord will provide a way for it to be practiced. I have heard from George Parkinson that Nathan Clark says he feels

alright about his present condition and hopes to get another wife within a short time. Brother Cowley referred to a prophecy which Arthur Clark says President Smith made about thirty years ago about plural marriages. I married John M. Cannon, George M. Cannon, Frank Y. Taylor, but not Edwin Bennion ... I have not told missionaries in the Temple that they could be taken care of after they came home. Have not stated in the Southern States or any other mission that any one who did not accept plural marriage as alright and right to practice it now would be entitled to his release. I do not remember being present when President Smith's declaration was considered in the Council, I was traveling in the mission at the time President Smith came in. I think the last ceremony I performed was in 1901 for President Udall. I did not go to him he came to me.

President Lyman: How many marriages did you perform between 1898 and 1901?

Cowley: I don't remember, I have no idea. I married [Abraham] Owen Woodruff, Brigham Young [Jr.] and others but did not marry Brother [George] Teasdale.

President Lyman: Brother Cowley married about fifty men.

Cowley: I married Bro[ther]. Parkinson to Miss Woolley in Colorado. Brother Parkinson told Brother Lyman Brother [Marriner Wood] Merrill performed this marriage.

G[eorge]. A[lbert]. Smith: President Snow was very much put out when he heard of Kelsch's marriage. Brother Cowley explained the reason that he had let other people know about it. President [Arthur] Winder remarked that it was President Cannon's folly.

G[eorge]. F. Richards: What caused you to discontinue the marriages.

Cowley: I dont remember any personal interview but as these things were closing down and growing closer all the time, I suppose I felt they should stop. I never encouraged any one after 1901 or 1902. My last wife was married in 1905 in Canada by Brother Woolf. Brethren, I feel that I have been punished sufficiently in the past and should not be punished again. I am willing to do anything I can to stop these things if you will tell me what to do. I have been misrepresented, I have not done what has been claimed.

President Lyman: There is very little evidence of Brother Merrill doing that kind of marrying and Brother Taylor also, but Brother Cowley has been the man who has done it by the scores. It is quite possible that Brother Card was authorized to perform marriages and sealings, but not plural marriages.

Cowley: Brother Woolf got the authority I understand from President Cannon. He married Heber Allen and Brother Wood. Brother Merrill had a list of names of those he married.

[Excerpt from the Minutes of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles]

105 years ago today - Jun 17, 1914; Wednesday

Sat with Council of the [Matthias F.] Cowley case. Nothing new proved. Evidence insufficient to convict.

I think he is as much sinned against as sinning.

[David O. McKay, Diary]

105 years ago today - Jun 17, 1914

[Apostle George Albert Smith Journal]
"Wednesday June 17/14 was in meeting all day with my quorum in M F [Apostle Matthew F.] Cowley case. Am glad nothing further was found to add to his guilt."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

125 years ago today - Sunday, Jun 17, 1894

[Apostle John Henry Smith Diary]
Honeyville, Box Elder County

President Rudger Clawson and his councilors. Madsen and Charles Kelley joined us here and we met with the Saints at 10 a.m.

The Bishop of the Ward has been suspended by the Presidency of the Stake and the sacrament withheld from the Saints on account of derision and strife.

... At 2 p.m. we got the Priesthood of the Ward together and made an effort at reconciliation, but we failed to reach any satisfactory result. At 3:30 p.m. all of the Saints met. Bros. Madsen, C. Kelly, Myself and Bro. H. J. Grant spoke on forgiveness and in casting aside our prejudice. A very good spirit was present with us.

The Priesthood met again at 7:30 p.m. and all finally agreed to forgive each other and put themselves in a position to take of the Sacrament. We tried to agree upon who should be Bishop but failed. We adjourned and will have to return.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

145 years ago today - Jun 17, 1874

Elsa Johnson is the first woman to become a naturalized citizen in Utah.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jun 17, 1844

Hyrum Smith writes to Brigham Young and explains the recent great excitement around Nauvoo with the mass meetings by mobs drawing up resolutions to "utterly exterminate the Saints." He recommends that the Twelve return without delay and advises, "A word to the wise is sufficient; and a little powder, lead and a good rifle can be packed in your luggage very easy without creating any suspicion."

Joseph and 15 others are arrested on this day on the charge of "riot." They appear before Daniel H. Wells (who will later be baptized) and are discharged. Stephen Markham brings warning that mobs are joining together all around Nauvoo in preparation to attack. Joseph notifies both the police and the Nauvoo Legion to be prepared. He hears a rumor that the Law brothers will try to burn the Nauvoo Neighbor office this night, so a strong police force is placed on the premise.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jun 17, 1829

[Letter from (Uncle) Jessee to Hyrum Smith]
... [Joseph Smith] says this is my god which brought me out of the land of Vermont--if it be a gold book discovered by the necromancy of infidelity, & dug from the mines of atheism, he writes that the angel of the Lord has revealed to him the hidden treasures of wisdom & knowledge, even divine revelation, which has lain in the bowels of the earth for thousands of years is at last made known to him, he says he has eyes to see things that are not, and then has the audacity to say they are; and the angel of the Lord (Devil it should be) has put me in possession of great wealth, gold & silver and precious stones so that I shall have the dominion in all the land of Palmyra.

...[Samual] says your father has a wand or rod like Jannes & Jambres who withstood Moses in Egypt --that he can tell the distance from India to Ethiopia &c another fool story, many other things alike ridiculous.

You state your Father cannot write by reason of a nervous affection this is a poor excuse, worse than none, he can dictate to others and they can write, he can If he knows not what to write, he can get your Brother's spectacles he would then be as able to write dictate a letter, as Joe is to decypher hieroglyphics, if more should be wanting he can employ the same scoundrel of a scribe, and then not only the matter but manner and style would be correct. ...

[Jesse Smith to Hyrum Smith, 17 June 1829, Joseph Smith Letterbook (1837-43), 2:59-61, Joseph Smith Papers, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Jesse Smith To Hyrum Smith]

55 years ago today - Jun 16, 1964

President [N. Eldon] Tanner presented the request of Elder Theodore M. Burton [of ] the Genealogical Department for instructions in the matter of sealing living persons by proxy as in cases where the living person is mentally or physically so incapacitated that he cannot come to the Temple for the ordinances, and also in cases where the mental age is not determined. He reviewed the ruling that when a person is not physically or mentally able to go to the Temple the work may be done by proxy. Problems included are: Who decides whether the mental age is eight years or over? The Genealogical Department has been informed that a competent physician may determine the mental age and if it is not eight years of age the child is not baptized, but that such a child may be sealed to parents. I directed that each case be considered on its special circumstances.

[David O. McKay diary, emphasis in original as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Jun 16, 1894 (Saturday)

Hirini Whaanga, Mere Whaanga, Apikara Whaanga and four children sailed from Auckland, New Zealand, bound for Utah. these were the first Maori Saints who gathered to Zion. They emigrated in charge of Elders William Douglas, Wesley Gibson and Lars Christian Rasmussen, returning missionaries.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

135 years ago today - Jun 16, 1884

President John Taylor's secretary records: ". . . after due consideration of the whole case the First Presidency decided that Sister Ellen Clifford be permitted to make her choice as to whether she will be sealed to her first husband Thomas Andrews (dead) or to her second husband John E. Hansen (now living) and in case she chooses to be sealed to Bro. Hansen, that Bro. Hansen be instructed to do all in his power in behalf of Bro. Andrews in obtaining Endowments for him, and it is also suggested that he and Sister Hansen have some woman sealed to Bro. Andrews and also have the children and Bro. Andrews adopted into their family."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - Jun 16, 1844

I will preach on the plurality of Gods. * * *

Our text says, "And hath made us kings and priests unto God and His Father." * * * My object was to preach the scriptures, and preach the doctrine they contain, there being a God above, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. * * *

Eloheim is from the word Eloi, God, in the singular number; and by adding the word heim, it renders it Gods. It read first, "In the beginning the head of the Gods brought forth the Gods," or, as others have translated it, "The head of the Gods called the Gods together." * * *

The head God organized the heavens and the earth. In the beginning the heads of the Gods organized the heavens and the earth. * * * The head one of the Gods said, Let us make a man in our own image. I once asked a learned Jew, "If the Hebrew language compels us to render all words ending in heim in the plural, why not render the first Eloheim plural?" He replied, "That is the rule with few exceptions; but in this case it would ruin the Bible." He acknowledged I was right. * * *

In the very beginning the Bible shows there is a plurality of Gods beyond the power of refutation. It is a great subject I am dwelling on. The word Eloheim ought to be in the plural all the way through---Gods. The heads of the Gods appointed one God for us; and when you take that view of the subject, it sets one free to see all the beauty, holiness and perfections of the Gods.

[Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, pp. 370-372; June 16, 1844. Meeting in the Grove, east of the Temple. as quoted in Paper, "Concepts Quotations Dealing With the Origin, Identity Position of Adam Eve"]

185 years ago today - Jun 16, 1834

[Joseph Smith]
(Zion's Camp) One man swears to kill the Mormons or else the buzzards can eat his flesh. His boat sinks, he drowns, and his body floats downstream until he gets lodged on an island; the buzzards end up eating his flesh.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Jun 16, 1834

"Martin Harris having boasted to the brethren that he could handle snakes with perfect safety, while fooling with a black snake with his bare feet, he received a bite on his left foot. The fact was communicated to me [Joseph Smith], and I took occasion to reprove him, and exhort the brethren never to trifle with the promises of God."

A meeting is held between Mormons in Jackson County, Missouri and non-Mormon residents there. The non-Mormon residents offer to either buy out the Mormons or to allow the Mormons to buy them out. The first option is refused on religious grounds, the second for economic reasons.

90 years ago today - Jun 15, 1929

The Mormon Tabernacle Choir begins radio broadcasts.

105 years ago today - Jun 15, 1914; Monday

Sat during the forenoon and early part of the afternoon in council with the Twelve. We found it necessary to take action against one of our brethren. Donald A. McGregor ... was disfellowshipped from the Church for disobedience to the rule and order of the Church in the matter of illegal marital relations [plural marriage].

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

175 years ago today - Jun 15, 1844. Saturday.

[William Clayton Journal]
A.M. conversing with Dr. [Joseph] Wakefield and others in the Bar Room, [Joseph Smith] telling a dream concerning his father killing a man who attempted to stab him. He also spoke concerning key words. The g[reat] key word was the first word Adam spoke and is a word of supplication. He found the word by the Urim and Thummim. It is that key word to which the heavens is opened.

A.M. at President Joseph's. 2 brethren ... saying that old Col. Williams' Company had been to demand their arms and they wanted to know if ... they must yield them. Joseph told them not to do it while they lived.

Various reports have come stating that the Warsawites have ordered the Saints to leave forthwith and threatening pretty bad.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - 1844 15 Jun.

[Joseph Smith]
The Presiding Patriarch publishes an announcement signed as "HYRUM SMITH, President of the Church."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jun 15, 1844

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith was at home examining Benjamin West's painting Death on the Pale Horse, which had been in his reading room for three days.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

185 years ago today - Jun 15, 1834

While on the Zion's Camp march, Joseph Smith received word that Daniel Dunklin, governor of Missouri, would not fulfill the expectation to reinstate the Saints to their lands in Jackson County, Missouri.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

30 years ago today - Jun 14, 1989

LDS missionaries and those of the Jehovah's Witnesses were expelled from Ghana, a western Africa nation where 6,000 Church members live. The Church had no advance notice of the ban. The LDS missionaries were able to return to Ghana in 1990.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnews.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

35 years ago today - Jun 14, 1984

The Southern Baptist Convention passed a resolution against ordaining women in the Baptist Church.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

35 years ago today - Jun 14, 1984

Nelda Karen Cotwell of Layton, Utah, is convicted, in Laredo, Texas, of conspiring to illegally bring Mexican infants into the United States and sell them. Following Cotwell's arrest in early February, several reports appeared in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram linking "a growing number of Mormons" to an "international adoption ring." In response, Don LeFevre, director of the LDS church's press relations, issues a statement warning that "privately arranged placement of any children without a licensed agency's sanction is frequently in violation of local or national law. Church officers or members should not be involved in such arrangements."

45 years ago today - Jun 14, 1974

Stake names changed to reflect headquarters city and state or country.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

60 years ago today - Jun 14, 1959

Billy Casper is the first LDS golfer to win the U.S. Open, which he wins again in 1966. Casper is admitted to the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1978 and to the PGA Hall of Fame in 1982. In 1973 Johnny Miller is the second Mormon golfer to win the U.S. Open. Miller is the first Mormon to win the British Open. Miller enters the PGA Hall of Fame in 1996.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

65 years ago today - Jun 14, 1954

[David O McKay Diary]
This morning at 8 o'clock, met with the Temple Committee, consisting of the Presidency, President Joseph Fielding Smith, Elders Harold B. Lee, and Spencer W. Kimball. I asked Howard McKean to present the proposed plan of preparing the present Temple rooms in the Salt Lake Temple to experiment upon the new plan of presenting the ordinances by use of screen and visual aids. It was decided that we can use the Assembly Room in the Temple to set up a stage to make the experiment without making important changes in the present rooms.

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

70 years ago today - Jun 14, 1949

[David O. McKay Diary]
As I had no appointment this evening, decided to cut the lawn. Just as I was finishing this job, a tall young man, with lunch box in hand, came up to me. He held out his hand in some sort of a sign and said 'this is the sign of the Priesthood.' Sensing something wrong with him I immediately told him that I had an appointment and would not have time to talk to him. I think he is one of the 'Son's of Aaron' cult. I learned later that he had also called at Pres. Clark's home two or three times, and said that he had been in the Mental Hospital. This young man's name is Clark.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

145 years ago today - Jun 14, 1874

Apostle Orson Pratt: "God said, in the year 1832, before we were driven out of Jackson County, in a revelation ... that before that generation should all pass away, a house of the Lord should be built in that county.... This was given forty-two years ago. The generation then living was not only to commence a house of God in Jackson County, Missouri, but was actually to complete the same,... if you believe in these revelations you just as much expect the fulfillment of the revelation as of any one that God has ever given in these latter times,... we Latter-day Saints expect to return to Jackson County and to build a Temple there before the generation that was living forty-two years ago has all passed away. Well, then, the time must be pretty near when we shall begin the work." (See 1832 September 22, D&C 84:1-5,31,32)

[Journal of Discourses, vol. 17, p. 111 http://journalofdiscourses.com/17/16, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

145 years ago today - Jun 14, 1874

[Brigham Young]
I will say that I have left my wish in writing concerning the burial of my body when I die. I do not wish anybody to shed a tear for me, not my family nor anyone else. I want my body put in a California cedar coffin to keep my dust in, then carry me carefully to my grave, on my own land without any pomp or parade. I do think that it is a sin for the Latter-day Saints to go to so much expense as some of them are in the burial of their dead.... If the spirits of the dead were in this room they could see the face of the Lord, if he would permit it, but the wicked cannot see as the saints do... You go to a battle field where the ground has been strewn with the dead one hundred years after the battle and you will find it occupied with evil spirits as Heber C. Kimball did when he went to England to preach. All these old settled countries are full of evil spirits. For one third part of the host of heaven in the great rebellion were cast down to the earth and have remained here until this day and they seek to enter in to the tabernacles of men where ever they can obtain admission and they rule over them and incite them to evil deeds.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jun 14, 1844. Friday.

[William Clayton Journal]
A.M. conversing with a number of gentleman in the Bar room concerning the proceedings of our enemies. He [Joseph Smith] prophesied in the name of the Lord that if they did mob us it would be a precedent to come down upon their own heads with fury and vengeance.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Jun 14, 1844

Joseph Smith writes a letter to Illinois governor Thomas Ford explaining the EXPOSITOR incident: "[T]he proprietors were a set of unprincipled, lawless debauchers, counterfeiters, bogus-makers, gamblers, peace-disturbers, . . . the City Council decided that it was necessary for the 'peace, benefit, good order and regulations' of said city, 'and for the protection of prosperity,' and for 'the happiness and prosperity of the citizens of Nauvoo,' that said Expositor should be removed, and declaring said Expositor a nuisance ordered the Mayor [Joseph Smith] to cause them to be removed without delay; which order was committed to the Marshal by due process, and by him executed the same day, by removing the paper, press and fixtures into the streets and burning the same; all which was done without riot, noise, tumult or confusion, . . ."

185 years ago today - Jun 14, 1834

(Zion's Camp) Two men are chased by "four suspicious fellows on horseback." Others ride throughout Jackson County yelling, "The Mormons are coming, the Mormons are coming!" and also setting fire to some houses.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

35 years ago today - Jun 13, 1984

First Spanish-speaking stake in U.S. (Huntington Park West Stake in Los Angeles).

105 years ago today - Jun 13, 1914

[George F. Richards journal on J. Golden Kimball misspeaking]
[In Rexburg, Idaho:] At the afternoon session Pres[ident]. [J. Golden] Kimball spoke and in course of his remarks stated that he had offended Pres[ident]. [Joseph F.] Smith by something he had said. That the law of the Lord is the same to high & low &c which made me feel very badly & after he had closed I spoke & said as much at which Pres[ident] Kimball asked in what particular & I told him & the people that it seemed from his talk that he had a difference to settle between himself & Pres[ident]. Smith and that it ought not to have been brought to this conference, that any defense he might make was but weakening the hands & influence of the President of the Church. Bro[ther] K[imball]. asked for the privilege of making a statement which was granted & he said he had no such intention &c. I spoke after about 15 minutes in praise of the integrity of the personnel of the Councils of the General Authorities and at the conclusion of the meeting I invited Pres[iden]ts. Kimball, Austin, Blake, Miller & L[l]oyd to meet with me at the Stake Administration building where the others were asked if they had drawn the same conclusion as I & found that they had, though Pres[ident] K[imball]. could not admit the justification for it. I think perhaps had Bro[ther] K[imball]. been sitting by me I might have asked him to set himself right which would have no doubt been better.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Jun 13, 1889

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
G Q Cannon & J F Smith & several of the Twelve had a Meeting with the City Council & others upon the water question. There Come near being a war among the Latter Day Saints about the water going to Law & going to shooting Each other. I Councilled a Meeting among them and they met yesterday and to day which has Calmed the Elements Considerable.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jun 13, 1864

[Brigham Young Sermon]
Brethren and sisters, we enjoy music, singing, good society, the ordinances of the House of God, and everything that the earth produces; and all the blessings that God has given we can enjoy, and not sin. The world do not know how to do this. Were they to meet together to dance and have social party they would sin. I have heard many a minister say that there were no fiddles in heaven. At that time I did not understand as I do now, for I now know that there are no fiddles in hell. There may be many fiddlers there, but no fiddles; they are all burned that go there. In regard to your situation here, I can say there is no other people upon this earth that is favored as we are; there is no other people that enjoy the freedom that we do

[ Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:313-314; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jun 13, 1844

In the evening Joseph relates a dream in the Seventies Hall in which his enemies, Foster and Higbee, are symbolized as two large snakes who are locked together so tightly that they cannot get any power over Joseph. The dream also refers to the plans of William and Wilson Law being overcome.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jun 13, 1844

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith received the report that a mob of about 300 was assembled at Carthage, Illinois, and was ready to attack Nauvoo.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

175 years ago today - Between Jun 6, 1844 and 13-Jun 1844

Hyrum Smith reportedly offers reward for the destruction of the Warsaw Signal. Hyrum Smith reportedly threatens the life of Warsaw Signal editor, Thomas C. Sharp. Warsaw Signal prints report of destruction of the Nauvoo Expositor and announces resolve and area support to protect it's press to the death.

[Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology, Rev 01 Volume 01" http://bit.ly/tiddchron]

175 years ago today - Jun 13, 1844

Joseph Smith refers to "my guardian angel" during a sermon.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

185 years ago today - Jun 13, 1834

Mormon missionaries hold conference in the center of polygamous sect of "Cochranism" converting many.

[The Evening and the Morning Star 2 [August 1834]: 181;Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

185 years ago today - Jun 13, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary [Zion's Camp]]
... We tarried in the middle of this prairie which is about twenty eight miles across, on account of a rupture which took place in the camp. Here F. G. Williams and Roger Orton, received a very serious chastisement from Brother Joseph, for not obeying orders previously given. The chastisement given to Roger Orton, was given more particularly for suffering me to go back after the horses, as I was one of Joseph's life guard, and it belonged to Roger to attend to the team ...

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

55 years ago today - Jun 12, 1964

Bonneville International Corporation (BIC) created to consolidate Church-owned commercial broadcasting stations and operations—founding president is Arch L. Madsen.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

60 years ago today - Fri Jun 12, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
President Clark's call to be First Counselor to President McKay. 8:30 a.m.--Following Brother Moyle's departure, I called President Clark and asked him to come to my private office. I said to him: "President Clark, I think the time has come when we should reorganize the First Presidency, and I should like to have you as my First Counselor." "Well, now," he said, "I do not want you to feel obligated to take me, but I feel honored in being asked, and I pledge you my wholehearted suport, and all that I have I want to give to the Cause and to the support of the Church and the First Presidency, and I pledge my allegiance to you." I thanked him, and then told him that I should like to have Brother Henry D. Moyle as my second counselor. President Clark was agreeable and said that Brother Moyle would give good support.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

75 years ago today - Jun 12, 1944

[J. Reuben Clark]
D. O. M. We agreed no Old Folks Home for Church since it would mean relieving Wards and relations of their duties to support and put the old people in strange environments, and doing what we were condemning the Government for doing.'Also agreed that Welfare plan shd. not develop in Ch. dole; that to remedy this, shd. see that Bp. provided sustinance, and priesthood rehabilitation; that wards not stakes nor regions shd be the units. Caution against large enterprises.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

130 years ago today - Jun 12, 1889

John M. Whitaker writes: "Today also I received a long telegram from brother Carl G. Maeser, Provo, stating that serious charges had been preferred against one of Brother Young's sons, Brigham Young [Jr.] and to come down at once. . . . We went at once to Brother Maeser's home where I was introduced to his charming daughter, and after supper, he took us to Dr. Hamberg's home, the man from whom Brigham had stolen, and here he told us how it all happened: That when Brigham came from the canyon, to his home where he boarded, Brigham secured a key to the cellar, took wine and treated his two young friends, until they were all drunk, and then he entered Mr. Smart's little store, took $20.00, some cigars, perfume and other things; that later he was arrested by the sheriff, and tried to put the blame on others, but was placed under bonds for trial."

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1844

[Joseph Fielding]
I often preach to my wife and endeavor to inspire her with faith. Her mind has been troubled at some things in the Church, the subject of spiritual wives so much talked about at this time, and other things, an expression of Elder Lyman Wight's that if a woman complained of being insulted by any man, she ought to be set down as a strumpet, on the ground that no man would do it unless she gave him some liberty. This she knew to be a false notion from her own experience. In this she is correct. The expression of Brother Wight was spoken publicly in our hearing and she thinks it hard if a female is to be insulted as she has been and to have no redress. I take it as an instance of man's weakness to hold forth such a sentiment and for the elders to smile at it is no proof of their approval of it, but I see nothing in all that is going on that troubles me at all. ...

I tell my wife I mean to hold on to the truth at any cost and the greatest cost would be to lose her, but her unbelief shall not stop us. I feel as though I can in spite of this bear her along.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
...Story: "Retributive Justice" - The Nauvoo Expositor -- Editorial -- Describes the mob's creation of a new anti-Mormon paper, The Nauvoo Expositor. Describes the Saints, led by the city martial, as they destroyed the press and papers.

- Story: "To the Public" - The Destruction of the Nauvoo Expositor" -- Editorial -- States that everything the Saints did was in cooperation with the City Council and Police force.

- Story: "Anecdote" -- Editorial -- Puns about the names of the mob leaders.

... - Ordinances: "Proceedings of the City Council" -- Willard Richards -- Long list of actions, including: Phinehus Richards, Levi Richards, and Edward Hunter receiving their seat on the council, Councilor Emmons was suspended from office due to a slander investigation, and the Nauvoo Expositor was declared a nuicense, and ordered to be removed.

... - Ordinances: "An Ordinance concerning Libels and for Other Purposes" -- Geo. W. Harris -- Widens the definition of slander, to ensure that the Saints can protect themselves from those who seek to misrepresent the church.

... - Announcement: Publishing of the Doctrine and Covenants -- Editorial -- Announces the printing of the Doctrine and Covenants in about one month, and petitions for immediate orders.

- Announcement: "Caution" - Beware of False Paper Money -- Joseph Smith -- States that the failure of the Kirtland Safety Society should make members wary of accepting all forms of paper money.

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1844

Thomas Sharp begins publishing in the Warsaw Signal violent calls for anti-Mormon action: "DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE—EXPOSITOR FFAIR . . . war and extermination is inevitable. Citizens, Arise, One and All! ! Can you stand by and suffer such Infernal Devils! to rob men of their property and rights, without avenging them? We have no time to comment: every man will make his own. Let it be made with powder and ball! ! !"

Joseph and seventeen brethren are arrested by Constable Bettisworth and charged with committing "a riot" by breaking and destroying the Nauvoo Expositor press. Joseph notices that the writ of arrest contains the words "before me or some other justice of the peace of said county." He therefore refuses to go to Carthage, but volunteers to go to the Nauvoo justice of the peace. Constable Bettisworth becomes furious. Joseph takes out a writ of habeas corpus, appearing before Aaron Johnson. The court decides that he "acted under proper authority in destroyingthe establishment of the Nauvoo Expositor," and he is released. At this time William Law is claiming that his store was completely gutted, with losses of $30,000. When Bettisworth returns to Governor Ford without Joseph as prisoner, most people in the surrounding area become infuriated.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

30 years ago today - Jun 11, 1989-Sunday

[Leonard Arrington]
Statement on the Brigham Young Biography Based on a Review of My Diary, 1972-1985: In 1972, shortly after I became Church Historian, my staff and I, particularly James Allen and Davis Bitton, Assistant Church Historians, recommended to the First Presidency of the Church, among other things, the preparation of a good biography of President Brigham Young. This seemed to be particularly needed after we had discovered many boxes of Brigham Young material that were in the basement of the Church Administration Building, still unopened, uncatalogued, and previously unknown to LDS historians. The First Presidency counselled us to catalog the material and then return for further discussion. Because of other assignments and the large mass of Brigham Young-period manuscripts to be examined, we did not complete the cataloguing, even in a preliminary way, until 1977, the one hundredth anniversary of Brigham Young's death. We then studied the materials for two years, trying to decide whether we should simply edit the papers, or at the rate of, say, one volume per year, write a multi-volume biography, and, if the latter, who should write it. We finally went to President [Spencer W.] Kimball the spring of 1979 and proposed a seven-volume biography, each volume to be written by a separate historian, and each to focus on one aspect of President Young's life-one each on Brigham Young as a colonizer, family man, businessman, Church president, governor, formulator of Indian policy, and contributor to Mormon doctrine and practice. President Kimball listened to us carefully, thought for a moment, then finally shook his head and said, "I would like to see a really good, one-volume biography of Brigham Young before I die." So that settled that; we put on the shelf our plans for an edition of his papers and/or volumes of his many roles. These plans are still on the shelf.

"Here are the names of three people that we suggest as possible biographers for the one volume," we volunteered. President Kimball replied, "I don't want to see the list. I want you to do it," pointing his finger toward me. ...

President Kimball recommended finding a national publisher, wanted the biography written in a manner that would make it imperative for libraries to place it on their shelves and specifically instructed me not to send it to Correlation"They don't know history the way you do." He advised me to consult with a variety of historians, both members and nonmembers. As for Mormon historians, he emphasized that I should consult not only with traditional historians but also with what he called "Dialogue-type historians" in order to get "liberal" as well as "conservative" points of view. He wanted the biography to be honest, objective, many-sided, and to make good use of the information in the previously unexamined manuscripts we had uncovered.

... I borrowed some money and at my own expense hired four persons part-time, to help go through the mass of formerly unexplored material. The research assistants and I still had full access to the resources in the Church Archives because President Kimball had approved the project. ... Alfred Knopf agreed to publish the book, which finally appeared in 1985 under the title Brigham Young: American Moses. The book received good national reviews, was adopted by the History Book Club, and was nominated by the National Book Critics Circle as biography of the year. ... I was especially glad when Sister [Camilla] Kimball told me that President Kimball was pleased by the book and by its national reception. He had to be especially pleased that the book was placed in several thousand regional and local libraries. The book sold well, both in hardback and paperback. I must emphasize that President Kimball always encouraged me in my work as Church Historian. He often put his arm around me, told me not to be discouraged by occasional criticisms, and was unfailingly friendly, supportive, and helpful. ... I occasionally heard rumors that one or two of the Brethren were less than enthusiastic about some of the things the Historical Department historians were publishing, but President Kimball went out of his way to reassure me. "Our work," he said, "must have national as well as Church-wide credibility, especially among informed people. We had to write history 'the right way.'" I interpreted our move to BYU as a way to preserve our scholarly integrity. As several persons told us, the Church didn't want to be in the position of "approving" or "disapproving" what we wrote. Under university administration, we could continue our scholarly work in an atmosphere of academic freedom. We did so, and I feel sure that we did our research and writing in a responsible manner, both as to the scholarship and as to the probity.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

145 years ago today - Jun 11, 1874 (Thursday)

A party of soldiers from Camp Douglas, under command of Major Gordon, broke into the jail at Salt Lake City and rescued their comrade, Thomas Hackett, who had been confined there for assaulting Solomon P. McCurdy the previous day.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Jun 11, 1864

[Brigham Young]
... Most of you, my brethren, are Elders, Seventies, or High Priests; perhaps there is not a Priest or Teacher present. The reason of this is that when we give the brethren their endowments, we are obliged to confer upon them the Melchizedek Priesthood; but I expect to see the day, when we shall be so situated that we can say to a company of brethren, You can go and receive the ordinances pertaining to the Aaronic order of Priesthood, and then you can go into the world and preach the Gospel, or do something that will prove whether you will honor that Priesthood before you receive more. Now we pass them through the ordinances of both Priesthoods in one day, but this is not as it should be and would [be], if we had a temple wherein to administer these ordinances. But this is all right at present; we should not be satisfied in any other way, and consequently we do according to the circumstances we are placed in.

[Brigham Young, June 11, 1864 , Journal of Discourses, 10:309 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1844

[Patriarchal Blessing of Flora Clarinda Gleason]
... And if thou desire it with thine whole heart th[o]u shalt see the winding up scene of this generation; see Isra[e]l gathered from the four quarters of the earth, and see Zion established in peace throughout the land, of America. Thou shalt have all thy desires even riches, honor and power ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1844

Probable date that Joseph Smith III is ordained as his father's theocratic successor. Warned the same day of a conspiracy to murder them, William Law and associates flee Nauvoo with their families. Joseph Smith, on the day after the NAUVOO EXPOSITOR is destroyed, "Instructed Bro [W. W.] Phelps to write a proclamation to the citezens [sic] of Nauvoo to keep quiet &c."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1844

Joseph issues a proclamation stating that he has destroyed the Nauvoo Expositor, which he considered a nuisance (and therefore had the legal right to destroy, just as he would any nuisance).News of the action against the press travels quickly.

A mass meeting of anti-Mormons assembles in Carthage. A resolution is adopted, stating, "We hold ourselves at all times in readiness to cooperate with our fellow citizens in this state, Missouri, and Iowa to exterminate—UTTERLY EXTERMINATE, the wicked and abominable Mormon leaders, the authors of our troubles. . . . A WAR OF EXTERMINATION SHOULD BE WAGED, to the entire destruction if necessary for our protection, of his adherents."

[Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought (various issues), Su '69, 47; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Jun 11, 1839

The first house was put up by the Saints in Commerce, afterward named Nauvoo.

[Richards, Franklin Dewey and Little, James A., Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306, http://www.amazon.com/Compendium-Doctrines-Gospel-ebook/dp/B002LTY4Z0?ie=UTF8tag=mormonchronic-20link_code=btlcamp=213689creative=392969]

180 years ago today - Jun 11, 1839

Joseph commences dictating his personal history to his clerk, James Mulholland. This document will eventually become the basis of Joseph's History of the Church. Elder Theodore Turley raises the first house in Commerce that is built by the Saints themselves. Joseph records his impressions of the land about Commerce, stating that "the land was mostly covered with trees and bushes, and much of it so wet that it was with the utmost difficulty a footman could get through, and totally impossible for teams. Commerce was so unhealthful, very few could live there; but believing that it might become a healthful place by the blessing of heaven to the Saints, and no more eligible place presenting itself, I considered it wisdom to make an attempt to build up a city."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jun 11, 1829

The Book of Mormon's copyright was obtained from the "Office" of Richard R. Lansing of Utica, New York. Richard Ray Lansing ... The particulars of Smith's obtaining the copyright are vague. Perhaps Smith filed the copyright in person shortly after his return to Fayette from Palmyra where he had just concluded his negotiations with Egbert B. Grandin to print the Book of Mormon. Smith's History perhaps too closely associates his Palmyra negotiations with obtaining a copyright: "Mean time our translation drawing to a close, we went to Palmyra, Wayne County, N.Y: Secured the Copyright; and agreed with Mr Egbert Grandin to print five thousand Copies for the sum of three thousand dollars." The draft, however, reverses the order and separates the events: "Mean time our translation drawing to a close, we went to Palmyra, and agreed there <<with Mr>> Egbert Grandin to print and publish five thousand <<copies>> for three thousand Dollars, and about this time secured the copy right"

[Book of Mormon Copyright, 11 June 1829, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Book Of Mormon Copyright]