75 years ago today - Jul 30, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]

Mark Petersen'Lunc'Told me of conversation yesterday with Pres. Smith in re News'etc. I asked Bro Petersen to get names of Communist group from in this area, if he could. ...

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

125 years ago today - Jul 30, 1896

[Brigham Young Jr.]

[M]et in Council in T[emple]. Question sprung by Pres[iden]t. [Wilford] Woodruff about Alonzo Hyde & John W. Young obtaining more money from Mrs Everend under false pretenses as her letter states. I felt that all men who go out from Zion do do business on their own account it must be understood, hereafter, that the church is not, nor the authorities are backing them. Pres[iden]t [George Q.] Cannon said Apostles have no right to enter into speculation to make money especially off the saints nor anywhere, but use their talent as directed for the good of Zion, not for personal agrandisement. ...

Met Bro[ther]. B[enjamin]. Cluff Jr., discussed employing gentile proffesor in B[righam]. Y[oung]. A[cademy]. Provo [Utah]. I opposed it; Presidency voted unanimously to employ him as Geology & civ[il] Eng[ineering]. were two most important studies, and we have no Latter day saint who can fill the position. I quoted from Deed of trust all beneficiaries of this reading must be children of L[atter]. D[ay]. S[aints]. and shall we employe gentiles to teach them. No matter. Bro[ther]. Jos[eph]. F. [Smith] said in consequence of Pres[iden]t. W[oodruff's]. Remarks I move that we employ this man, I did not vote. Bro[ther]. Jos[eph]. Moved to make the vote unanimous. I said I refrain from voting in principle, nothing against the man. Agreed with Bro[ther]. Cluff Jr. in his other recommendation and he went away satisfied. It is the first time I have failed to go with my leaders, I went my way sorrowfully. There is a growing disposition with the teachers to introduce into our 'Brigham Young Academy' the spirit of the world, the refined touches and whisperings of the 'Holy Spirit' are becoming less frequent and in my spirit I fear we are drifting further from God in that institution.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - Jul 30, 1886 (Friday)

The rock work on the Manti Temple was completed.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

75 years ago today - Jul 29, 1946

Joseph Fielding Smith of the Quorum of the Twelve writes to Belle S. Spafford, the Relief Society General President, and her counselors: "While the authorities of the Church have ruled that it is permissible, under certain conditions and with the approval of the priesthood, for sisters to wash and anoint other sisters, yet they feel that it is far better for us to follow the plan the Lord has given us and send for the Elders of the Church to come and administer to the sick and afflicted." This ends the practice of "washings and anointings" for women (usually preparatory to childbirth). A previous Relief Society President wrote of this ordinance, "this beautiful ordinance has always been with the Relief Society, and it is our earnest hope that we may continue to have that privilege, and up to the present time the Presidents of the Church have always allowed it to us.'

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

105 years ago today - Jul 29, 1916; Saturday

[Apostle Anthony Ivins]

Conference Yellowstone Stake. St. Anthony. Arrived 10-45. First speaker after arrival repeatedly refered to the Church as Mormondom. Two lady missionaries spoke. Viola Davis & Viola Howard. These girls made good remarks. Solo. I made brief remarks & Bro. [J. Golden] Kimball followed. Bro. & Sister Thomas & Sister [Elizabeth] Wilcox were there for R[elief] S[ociety].76 1111 1111 1111 111177 2. P.M. Second Counselor [Charles] Lloyd, Bro. Thomas, H. C. Larson. I talked on Mexico. Prest. Pond. Wed. p.m. holiday. Outside merchants close stores. 296-476 present. Crops poor. Worm on beet root. Relief S[ocie]ty.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

125 years ago today - Jul 29, 1896

The First Presidency today appropriated $300 for the Northern States Mission; $200 of which is to be expended in printing the Voice of Warning in cloth binding, 1600 copies, the stereo plates to be the property of the mission, and orders thereafter to be filled at five cents a copy, the balance of the appropriation,'$100 to be used by Elder Spencer for expenses in visiting the various Conferences.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

50 years ago today - Jul 28, 1971

Wesley Walters and Fred Poffarl find Justice Neely's bill for trying the case of "Joseph Smith The Glass Looker Mar 20. 1826" in Bainbridge, New York 1826. It is among dead-storage documents in the basement of the county jail in Norwich, New York. Mormons had claimed the trial never took place. This find established that it had.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Jul 28, 1936

A letter was read from President Kelly of the Swiss-German Mission under date of July 9, calling attention to the fact that Dr. Max Haenle, who is a very good friend of the Church, is preparing a pamphlet entitled 'Accomplishments of the Mormon People' and stating that Dr. Haenle in a recent interview suggested that if we wish to have our church and missionaries remain in Germany, he would urgently advise that men of prominence and authority in our church write articles commendatory of the German people. This subject could be dealt with in any of our public meetings or addresses and then be published in the local papers and copies of the entire newspapers sent to the German Reich. He feels that if we show a loyal and friendly attitude toward the people, and incidentally make some constructive comments, it will turn the tables in our favor. Bishop Cannon inquired of President McKay as to what steps were desired in this matter and proposed that the matter be presented to President Welker of the German-Austrian Mission to suggest how he thought this matter should be handled. This was approved by President McKay.

[First Presidency, Meeting with Presiding Bishopric, Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jul 28, 1901

[Joseph F. Smith speaking:] He said it [i.e., plural marriage] was taken away from the people' like the law of consecration'because the saints rejected it, and neither would be restored until there is a people prepared to live them. Anyone should beware that casts slurs upon the birth of those born under this covenant. Also that man who will not appreciate their wives and children and provide for them will lose them.

[William H. Smart, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

150 years ago today - Jul 28, 1871

First Presidency's written appointment of Elijah F. Sheets "to act as a Traveling Bishop." Sheets counsels local members and ward bishops and ordains local officers until his release as traveling bishop in 1878. Better-known A. Milton Musser is often described as traveling bishop from 1858 to 1876. However, Musser's service actually begins in 1860 as a traveling "agent" of the General Tithing Office.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

155 years ago today - Jul 28, 1866

[Brigham Young]

I spoke a harsh word here yesterday with regard to a man who professes to be a Latter-day Saint who has been guilty of killing an innocent Indian. I say to-day that he is just as much a murderer through killing that Indian, as he would have been had he shot down a white man. ... When we came here, they could catch fish in great abundance in the lake in the season thereof, and live upon them pretty much through the summer. But now their game has gone, and they are left to starve. It is our duty to feed them.

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 11:263-266, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - Jul 28, 1861

President Young Preached one of the most interesting discourses ever Delivered to the people. It was a sermon of sermons. Contained much interesting doctrin, Revelation & principle. He said the Lord would not permit him nor any other man to lead this people astray. If the leaders were to do wrong the Lord would take them away. If an Apostle did not magnify his Calling the Lord would remove him & not permit him to lead the people astray. But I shall not apostatize. You need not any of you look for that for I had the promise long ago that I should not do that. Neither shall I go to hell.

He also said the Lord was about to Empty the Earth th[at?] men would be destroyed & He should live to see the day when thousands of women would Come to the men of this Church for salvation. One man would have to take thousands to save them. Many things were said of interest.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Jul 28, 1861 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]

When will the Saviour make his appearance in the midst of his people? When will the vail be taken away, that we may behold the glory of God? Can any of you answer these questions? Yes, readily, when I tell you. The redemption of Zion is the first step preparatory to the two last-named events. Just as soon as the Latter-day Saints are ready and prepared to return to Independence, Jackson County, in the State of Missouri, North America, just so soon will the voice of the Lord be heard, '"Arise now, Israel, and make your way to the centre Stake of Zion.'"... If we are not very careful, the earth will be cleansed from wickedness before we are prepared to take possession of it. ... When Joseph first revealed the land where the Saints should gather, a woman in Canada asked if we thought that Jackson County would be large enough to gather all the people that would want to go to Zion. I will answer the question really as it is. Zion will extend, eventually, all over this earth. There will be no nook or corner upon the earth but what will be in Zion. ... Millions will come and live in Zion when the laws of Zion reign predominant over creation; ... Will there be Methodists there? Yes; and they will have the privilege to worship a God without body, parts, and passions, just as they do now, if they choose to. ... ... the fight [of the Civil War] will continue until the earth is empty. Will it be over in six months or in three years? No; it will take years and years, and will never cease until the work is accomplished. There may be seasons that the fire will appear to be extinguished, and the first you know it will break out in another portion, and all is on fire again, and it will spread and continue until the land is emptied. Will they all be killed? No. I shall see the day when thousands will seek succour at the hands of this people. If you say, '"Husband, I shall leave you, if you take another wife,'" you had better leave now when you may stand a chance of getting another husband. ... Young men, prepare yourselves; for a greater responsibility will come upon you than you have ever dreamed of. Millions [of women] will seek to you for salvation. ...

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 9:137-144, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Tuesday, Jul 28, 1846.

Omaha Nation. About 9, the chief and some of the warriors of the Otoes came to the spring to see the Mormon chief. Wanted a beef. President Young shook hands with them and directed a beef to be given them and tears started in the Chief's eyes....

President Young asked Brother Martindale the cause of putting away his wife and taking another woman. Martindale said his trouble commenced from the time he began to investigate Mormonism. His wife began to oppose. She was not a believer and continued her opposition, etc., and spoke more than half an hour. President Young said however wrong Sister Martindale has been, it would not justify any man in taking another woman under color of the priesthood, and in opposition of the order the priesthood.

[Apostle Willard Richards Journal]

110 years ago today - Jul 27, 1911; Thursday

[Heber J. Grant]

I am going to try and get up to date with the several months I am behind and make an effort to stay up. There is nothing I dislike more than writing a record for my Journal. I like to work but do not like to sit down and write a record of what I have been doing no matter how brief it is.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

150 years ago today - Jul 27, 1871

Brigham Young: "The Garden of Eden was where Jackson Co. is now in Mo. & when Adam was driven out, he crossed the river into what is now Daviess Co. The City of Enoch stood where the Gulf of Mexico is now, but these things are not written."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

170 years ago today - Jul 27, 1851

Brother [Heber C.] Kimball addressed the meeting a part of the day. Among other remarks He said Jesus Christ was the first Born of the Father & He was the candidate & Elected to redeem the world. Lucipher set up as a candidate to run against Jesus Christ But He was overcome & thrust down to Hell with all that followed him. And we will have no more division Henceforth & forever in Israel. We will have but one candidate for office but No opposition. All will be Elected & proven. If a person is qualifyed to fill a greater station than He holds He will have a chance. The Presidency & Twelve will fill in Eternity those stations Appointed them. So with all men. But I expect to remain on this Earth untill I am able to create a world of my own & people it. The lord Has given us rich portions of the Earth to inherit. We have been driven from time to time from th[ere?]. We now inherit a goodly land the best land on the Earth for vegitation & it will be good for fruit & the people of the Earth will yet Come to us for fruit.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

75 years ago today - Jul 25, 1946

First counselor J. Reuben Clark speaks concerning embezzelment by a local bishop: "The Church could not use its funds for such a means as proposed to save any embarassment to the Church, and it could not and should not require the [local] brethren there to sacrifice unless their friendship for the [bishop's] family prompted them to do so on their own accord, and that he didn't worry about the resultant effect upon the Church if we did not attempt to cover up, but insisted upon justice."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

110 years ago today - Jul 25, 1911

SECRET ORDERS

... "Dear Brethren:

... "Sometime before the death of President Wilford Woodruff, he announced to the priesthood meeting, consisting of the general, stake and ward authorities and others, that members of the Church who would join secret societies debarred themselves from the Temple, and ever since that time this policy has been maintained.

"Should, however, there be any member or members of your stake who have joined secret societies without knowing that the policy of the Church forbid their doing so, special consideration might be given to their cases, but in that event even, they should be advised to withdraw from such organizations...."

"ANTHON H. LUND, "On Behalf of the First Presidency."

[1911-July 25-Original circular. Church Historian's Library, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

130 years ago today - Jul 25, 1891

[Abraham H. Cannon]

SLC A Sister Parkinson asked why her new born babe died when A.H. Cannon blessed it and promised it should live to manhood and several weeks later it got pneumonia and the Elders promised it continued life? "I could not account for the failure of our promises that it should live except that sympathy instead of the Spirit of God prompted the utterance."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Jul 25, 1881

[Heber J. Grant]

In the Evening ... [we] attended a dance in the City Hall. Had quite a pleasant time. I wanted to waltz very badly but knowing it was contrary to the wishes of the Genl. Church authorities I refrained from doing so.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

150 years ago today - Jul 25, 1871

Brigham Young writes to his son Willard who is a cadet at West Point: "We would like to learn in detail the routine of your daily life; what your duties and exercises consist of; what the regulations are about visitors, whether ladies have access to the cadets & under what restrictions, if any. This last is a matter I am quite concerned to know about, as I understand you cadets are exceedingly popular with the fair sex & some of them are very, very dangerous when so dis posed, just for the sake of having a laugh at their victims; shun such as you would the very gates of hell! They are the enemy's strongest tools, & should be resisted as strongly. Beware of them! . . . With regard to your attending Protestant Episcopal service, I have no objections whatever. On the contrary, I would like to have you attend, and see what they can teach you about God and Godliness more than you have already been taught."

160 years ago today - Jul 25, 1861

Pres[ident] Young had some conversation with his Br. Joseph about the form and principles of a Republican Government. The President remarked in a republican government the people have a right to interfere when the Officers of the Government are taking a wrong course

[Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Jul 25, 1841 (Sunday)

Wm. Yokum lost his leg by amputation, as the result of a wound received in the massacre at Haun's Mill.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

185 years ago today - (Mon) Jul 25, 1836

Joseph Smith and several leading Mormons (Hyrum Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Oliver Cowdery, etc.) leave Kirtland to seek buried treasure in Salem, MA

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

20 years ago today - Jul 24, 2001

On Pioneer Day, the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals rules Utah's ban on alcohol advertisements "irrational," saying it might be causing irreparable harm to local liquor, brewing and publishing companies.

[Harward, Randy; Utah Brewing Timeline, Salt Lake City Weekly, Aug 24, 2011]

40 years ago today - Jul 24, 1981

Representatives of the National Organization of Women march in Salt Lake City's Pioneer Day parade as part of their "mission" to Utah in support of the Equal Rights Amendment. the Los Angeles Times reports that "some spectators heckled, threrw fruit and spat on ERA missionaries."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

135 years ago today - Saturday, Jul 24, 1886

[John Henry Smith]

Minersville and Beaver

Bedbugs fearfully active.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

150 years ago today - Jul 24, 1871

[Eliza R. Snow gives] an address carefully distinguished between the efforts of Latter-day Saint women to build the kingdom of God and the actions of national women's rights reformers. She likely was responding, at least in part, to the words of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton when they visited a month earlier. They came at the invitation of the anti-authoritarian Godbeite reformers, a group of intellectual dissenters from the Latter-day Saint community, but also met with Mormon women and spoke in the Salt Lake tabernacle. Anthony and Stanton praised the women for receiving the right to vote, but Stanton "did not skim the surface" in one address, voicing her opposition to early marriage and her support for family planning. From Salt Lake City, Stanton wrote a letter criticizing patriarchal religious leaders from Moses to Brigham Young and advocated that women establish "their own constitutions, creeds, and codes, and customs," without priestly male intermediaries, saying that women would not be in their current state of dependence and degradation except "by man's free and fraudulent use of the authoritative 'Thus saith the Lord.'" The continued subjection of Mormon women within a patriarchal religion, Stanton warned, would be their own fault if they did not vote to abolish the practice of plural marriage. In one Utah speech, Anthony remarked that "she had as good a right to receive revelations, direct from God" as did Joseph Smith or Brigham Young, and that "revelations which came exclusively to men would never satisfy her."

Though alarmed by the hostility toward religion of some women's rights reformers and suspicious of portions of the agenda of national women's rights activists, Snow approved of woman suffrage and of the political involvement of Mormon women...

[Eliza R. Snow, Discourse, July 24, 1871, in "Celebration of the Twenty-Fourth at Ogden," Deseret News [weekly] (Salt Lake City, UT), July 26, 1871, vol. 20, no. 25, pp. 287–288, Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City as quoted in Matthew J. Grow, Jill Derr, Carol Madsen, and Kate Holbrook, editors, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, The Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/]

160 years ago today - Jul 24, 1861

Pres[ident] Young mentioned about one John Karl a man who had written a book against the Church, and Joseph Smith (Prophet) had cursed him for it, this man died a very miserable death wasting away, and nothing but the curse could be assigned as the cause of his sickness. This man confessed on his dying bed to his former Sectarian friends, that he had no confidence in their religion, and if any religion was true it was the religion of the Mormons. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jul 24, 1851

Wilford Woodruff describes Pioneer-day festivities: "The order of the day was kept up by the fireing of cannon 110 times. The organization & parading of Streets by an escort consisting of the Nauvoo Brass band the Military Band the Pioneers of 47 the Regency, the aged Fathers young lads, followed By the Mothers in Israel young girls, young men & young women the Presidency with the officers of State formed the escorted party. In their rear were 24 Bishops forming a Phalanx of the combined wisdom & strength of the Kingdom of God in the last days. The numerous flags & Banners the various Emblems of art agriculture & industry & the music accompanying the procession from the presidents residence to the Bowery could ownly be surpassed in the Armies of heaven."

175 years ago today - Jul 24, 1846

[Wilford Woodruff]

Met in council with the Twelve in a tent on a High prairie ridge. Eleven of the quorum of the Twelve were present. We put on our robes And offered up our prayers to God. Conversed upon principle. Decided in council that no man has a right to Attend to the ordinance of sealing except the President of the Church or those who are directed by him so to do And that the ordinance should be confined to Zion or her stakes. This was the last Council we were expecting to hold Altogether before O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt & J Taylor took there departure for England.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 24, 1846

Oliver Cowdery writes to his sister referring to polygamy as a "folly and "abomination.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

40 years ago today - Jul 23, 1981-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]

The First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve announced this morning that Elder Gordon B. Hinckley has been made a member of the First Presidency [3rd counselor] and that Elder Neal Maxwell has been added to the Quorum of the Twelve in his place. Presumably Elder Hinckley will handle many of the assignments which President [N. Eldon] Tanner has been handling. Apparently they want to retain President Tanner's name as a member of the Presidency. [Hinckly would be referred to as the "acting president of the church" in the press.]

This move will surely be beneficial to our Historical endeavors, particularly because Elder Hinckley is familiar with what we are doing, and because he is positive. He has a positive, favorable view on what we are doing.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

120 years ago today - Jul 23, 1901

The question of a wife being sealed to a man who had committed suicide was discussed by the Presidency and other brethren. President Joseph F. Smith said that in his opinion people who commit suicide should be given the full benefit of doubt as to their sanity before the doors of the Temple should be closed against them. Those who take their own life wilfully of course are barred.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jul 23, 1896

Apostle John Henry Smith writes: "Presidency & Twelve met in Temple. I was opposed to writing to brethren of southern stake to support Mr. M. A. Smith for Congress. True, he has been our friend, but I said a few written lines from our leaders to political aspirants set the political parties on fire."

150 years ago today - Jul 23, 1871

"While brother George A. Smith was referring to the circumstance of William Miller going to Carthage, it brought to my mind reflections of the past. Perhaps to relate the circumstance as it occurred would be interesting. I do not profess to be much of a joker, but I do think this to be one of the best jokes ever perpetrated. By the time we were at work in the Nauvoo Temple, officiating in the ordinances, the mob had learned that '"Mormonism'" was not dead, as they had supposed. We had completed the walls of the Temple, and the attic story from about half way up of the first windows, in about fifteen months. It went up like magic, and we commenced officiating in the ordinances. Then the mob commenced to hunt for other victims; they had already killed the Prophets Joseph and Hyrum in Carthage jail, while under the pledge of the State for their safety, and now they wanted Brigham, the President of the Twelve Apostles, who were then acting as the Presidency of the Church. I was in my room in the Temple; it was in the south-east corner of the upper story. I learned that a posse was lurking around the Temple, and that the United States Marshal was waiting for me to come down, whereupon I knelt down and asked my Father in heaven, in the name of Jesus, to guide and protect me that I might live to prove advantageous to the Saints. Just as I arose from my knees and sat down in my chair, there came a rap at my door. I said, '"Come in,'" and brother George D. Grant, who was then engaged driving my carriage and doing chores for me, entered the room. Said he, '"Brother Young, do you know that a posse and the United States Marshal are here?'" I told him I had heard so. On entering the room brother Grant left the door open. Nothing came into my mind what to do, until looking directly across the hall I saw brother William Miller leaning against the wall. As I stepped towards the door I beckoned to him; he came. Said I to him, '"Brother William, the Marshal is here for me; will you go and do just as I tell you? If you will, I will serve them a trick.'" I knew that brother Miller was an excellent man, perfectly reliable and capable of carrying out my project. Said I, '"Here, take my cloak;'" but it happened to be brother Heber C. Kimball's; our cloaks were alike in color, fashion and size. I threw it around his shoulders, and told him to wear my hat and accompany brother George D. Grant. He did so. I said to brother Grant, '"George, you step into the carriage and look towards brother Miller, and say to him, as though you were addressing me, 'Are you ready to ride?' You can do this, and they will suppose brother Miller to be me, and proceed accordingly,'" which they did. Just as brother Miller was entering the carriage, the Marshal stepped up to him, and, placing his hand upon his shoulder, said, '"You are my prisoner.'" Brother William entered the carriage and said to the Marshal, '"I am going to the Mansion House, won't you ride with me?'" They both went to the Mansion House. There were my sons Joseph A., Brigham, jun., and brother Heber C. Kimball's boys, and others who were looking on, and all seemed at once to understand and partake of the joke. They followed the carriage to the Mansion House and gathered around brother Miller, with tears in their eyes, saying, '"Father, or President Young, where are you going?'" Brother Miller looked at them kindly, but made no reply; and the Marshal really thought he had got '"Brother Brigham.'" Lawyer Edmonds, who was then staying at the Mansion House, appreciating the joke, volunteered to brother Miller to go to Carthage with him and see him safe through. When they arrived within two or three miles of Carthage, the Marshal with his posse stopped. They arose in their carriages, buggies and waggons, and, like a tribe of Indians going into battle, or as if they were a pack of demons, yelling and shouting, they exclaimed, '"We've got him! we've got him! we've got him!'" When they reached Carthage the Marshal took the supposed Brigham into an upper room of the hotel, and placed a guard over him, at the same time telling those around that he had got him. Brother Miller remained in the room until they bid him come to supper. While there, parties came in, one after the other, and asked for Brigham. Brother Miller was pointed out to them. So it continued, until an apostate Mormon, by the name of Thatcher, who had lived in Nauvoo, came in, sat down and asked the landlord where Brigham Young was. The landlord, pointing across the table to brother Miller, said, '"That is Mr. Young.'" Thatcher replied, '"Where? I can't see any one that looks like Brigham.'" The landlord told him it was that fat, fleshy man eating. '"Oh, hell!'" exclaimed Thatcher, '"that's not Brigham; that is William Miller, one of my old neighbors.'" Upon hearing this the landlord went, and, tapping the Sheriff on the shoulder, took him a few steps to one side, and said, '"You have made a mistake, that is not Brigham Young; it is William Miller, of Nauvoo.'" The Marshal, very much astonished, exclaimed, '"Good heavens! and he passed for Brigham.'" He then took brother Miller into a room, and, turning to him, said, '"What in hell is the reason you did not tell me your name?'" Brother Miller replied, '"You have not asked me my name.'" '"Well,'" said the Sheriff, with another oath, '"What is your name?'" '"My name,'" he replied, '"is William Miller.'" Said the Marshal, '"I thought your name was Brigham Young. Do you say this for a fact?'" '"Certainly I do,'" said brother Miller. '"Then,'" said the Marshal, '"why did you not tell me this before?'" '"I was under no obligations to tell you,'" replied brother Miller, '"as you did not ask me.'" Then the Marshal, in a rage, walked out of the room, followed by brother Miller, who walked off in company with Lawyer Edmonds, Sheriff Backenstos, and others, who took him across lots to a place of safety; and this is the real pith of the story of '"Bogus'" Brigham, as far as I can recollect. [Reported by Julia Young] -- Logan, Utah

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 14:218-219; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra. Salt Lake City; 1850-current. 20:311, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jul 23, 1851 (Council Meeting)

[Brigham Young]

"There is not a man in the Senate or House who is perfect - to be told that I must do this or that I will just as soon cut their throat - to say we have got all over the mountains again - I wont bear it and wont bear the insults of any two penny man - I will do my duty and no one shall put his nose in my dish - I would rather stand up and cut throats than suffer law suits and technicalities so help me the Gods - I will take my sword and cut them down... Bigger men than you have been abused - I am for right and righteousness - I am of the righteousness of heaven ... If you [Almon Babbitt] interfere with any of my dictation in the elections it will be the last - now I don't want to hear you say this is not right and that is not right, you are nothing but a stinking politician ... - you acknowledge to say that Mormonism is my controller - any man who interferes with nasty smearing will be daub himself ... - Now Brother Babbitt don't go off with bad feelings... I am sorry for that - I wish you had kept it to pay for your grog - You put yourself in a position to make us bow to you. I ask you what you have to do with our elections? You say it is illegal. I say damn it - that is your foolery - ... if your law questions is correct our election must be overturned - I just wont have the election postponed two weeks ... Why could not you say that it was not any of your business to dictate about the elections - you are shitting in my dish and I will kick (you) out and you all [-]." -- Salt Lake City

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

190 years ago today - Jul 23, 1831

W.W. Phelps writes a description of Missouri: "The inhabitants are emigrants from Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, and the Carolinas, etc., with customs, manners, modes of living and a climate entirely different from the northerners, and they hate yankees worse than snakes, because they have cheated them or speculated on their credulity, with so many Connecticut wooden clocks, and New England notions. The people are proverbially idle or lazy, and mostly ignorant; reckoning nobody equal to themselves in many respects, and as it is a slave holding state, Japheth will make Canaan serve him, while he dwells in the tents of Shem"