70 years ago today - Oct 14, 1949

[Spencer W. Kimball]

Had interviews with Pres. Clark and Pres. Smith on various important matters. Pres. Clark said he had read my doctor's certificate and he urged me to take an hour off every day to rest and some days off every once in a while to keep caught up with my health conditions. He was very kind but quite insistent. Later on he told Camilla as he passed her in the hall, how important they felt it was that I should take care of myself and not have recurrences of my heart affection.

[Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Oct 14, 1899

Salt Lake County attorney declines to issue warrant for President Lorenzo Snow due to insufficient evidence of unlawful cohabitation.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Tuesday, Oct 14, 1884

[Law of Adoption - Apostle John Henry Smith]

Liverpool

I received a letter from Clarence Merrill yesterday asking me to permit his Father to be adopted into my Fathers family. I wrote to him, yes!

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

170 years ago today - Oct 14, 1849 (Evening)

[Brigham Young]

When 8 or 12 went into England we took same course [as preceding missionaries] - we were there one year and sixteen days - we baptized about 8000 persons - it spread from one end to other of England ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 9-12-5, 57-59 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Oct 14. [1844]

[Brigham Young]

Went away in company with Elders H. C. Kimball and P. P. Pratt the distance of two hundred miles and located another place of gathering for the saints of God in a short time, but Nauvoo will be the head stake for the Saints to come to and receive their endowment, their anointings, washings &c &c in the house of the Lord which he has commanded to be built unto his holy name; there will also be many more stakes or places of gathering for the Saints of God.

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

175 years ago today - Oct 14, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

I spent the night at Br Phelps, And dreamed of being in the midst of rattle snakes. I had power to kill them. A few nights previous I saw a monster of a serpent. Tried to kill me but had no power.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - 1834 14 Oct.

Joseph Smith is defeated in his first attempt for elective office, coroner of Kirtland.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

60 years ago today - Oct 13, 1959

Marie Osmond, later an entertainer, musician, and member of the famous Osmond family performing group, is born in Ogden, Utah.

100 years ago today - Oct 13, 1919

Ricks College hosts its first football game.

140 years ago today - Oct 13, 1879

[J. L. Traughber]

"I personally heard him [David Whitmer] state, in January, 1877 [1876], in his own house in Richmond, Ray county, Mo., in most positive language, that he did truly see, in broad day-light, a bright and most beautiful being, an `angel from heaven,' who did hold in his hands the golden plates, which he turned over leaf by leaf, explaining the contents here and there." I have heard the same from the mouth of Father Whitmer, more than once; and every time I ever heard him tell the particulars of that glorious scene, he always told it just the same; and as far as I have ever heard, from reliable witnesses, he has always told the same story--"straight as a nail." Had Elder Smith stopped at the end of the above quoted sentence, I would have had no ground for bringing his name into this article; but he did not. He further adds: "He also described the size and general appearance of the plates, and he further said that he saw Joseph translate, by the aid of Urim and Thummim, time and again, and he then produced a large pile of foolscap paper closely written in a very fair hand, which he declared was the manuscript written mainly by Oliver Cowdery and Martin Harris, as the translation was being read by the aid of the Urim and Thummim of the characters on the plates by Joseph Smith, which work of translation and transcription he frequently saw." I, too, have seen the "manuscripts" and examined them. I, too, have heard Father Whitmer say that he was present many times while Joseph was translating; but I never heard him say that the translation was made by aid of Urim and Thummim; but in every case, and his testimony is always the same, he declared that Joseph first offered prayer, then took a dark colored, opaque stone, called a "seer-stone," and placed it in the crown of his hat, then put his face into the hat, and read the translation as it appeared before him. This was the daily method of procedure, as I have often heard Father Whitmer declare; and, as it is generally agreed to by parties who know the facts, that a considerable portion of the work of translation was performed in a room of his father's house, where he then resided, there can be no doubt but what Father David Whitmer is a competent witness of the manner of translating. I am aware of the fact that the "Urim and Thummim" story has long been foisted upon the world as the true account of the origin of the Book of Mormon; but the times demand, and, the interest of truth demands, that the truth should be told. We need not be afraid of truth; and I greatly doubt if anybody will be ultimately benefitted by the perpetuation of a falsehood, which was invented for the purpose of gaining prestige, in the minds of the people, for ambitious leaders. The proofs are clear and positive that the story of Urim and Thummim Translation does not date back, for its origin, further than 1833, or, between that date and 1835; for it is not found in any printed document of the Church of Christ up to the latter part of the year 1833, or the year 1834. The "Book of Commandments" to the Church of Christ, published in Independence, Mo., in 1833, does not contain any allusion to Urim and Thummim; though the term was inserted in some of the revelations in their reprint in the "Book of Doctrine and Covenants" in 1835. Who originated the Urim and Thummim story, I do not know; but this I do know, that it is not found in the first printed book of revelations to the Church of Christ, and there is other testimony to show that it is not true. It is proper to notice what it is claimed the Urim and Thummim was. P[arley]. P. and O[rson]. Pratt both say it was an instrument composed of two clear or transparent stones set in the two rims of a bow. It is also confounded with the "Interpreters," which were shaped something like a pair of ordinary spectacles, though larger. .... The mode of procedure consisted in Joseph's placing the Seer Stone in the crown of a hat, then putting his face into the hat, so as to entirely cover his face, resting his elbows upon his knees, and then dictating, word after word, while the scribe--Emma, John Whitmer, O. Cowdery, or some other, wrote it down." ...

J. L. TRAUGHBER, JR., MANDEVILLE, Mo., Oct. 13, 1879.

[J. L. Traughber to Editor, 13 October 1879, Saints' Herald 26 (15 November 1879): 341., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: J. L. Traughber To Saints' Herald]

170 years ago today - Oct 13, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]

... I sent A Copy of the New York Herraid Weekly of Oct 13 to Orson Pratt, Orson Hyde, Allexander Badlam, & Joseph Russell. This Paper Contained An account of the Saints organizing themselves into An Independent Sovreign State called the state of Deseret And appointing their Govornor & other officers. Brigham Young was Elected Governor. This is certainly an important erie in the History of the Church & kingdom of God.

... they now find us organized into a State Government holding in our hands the Key of the North American Continant And that we will not die but live & rise up in the midst of all our oppressions ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

30 years ago today - Oct 12,1989

Deseret News reports that representative of Eli Lilly pharmaceutical company confirms that Utah has highest per-capita use in nation of anti-depressant Prozac.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

65 years ago today - Oct 12, 1954

George W. Romney is named president of American Motors in Detroit, Michigan. Other large national corporations (outside of the intermountain area) and international corporations which have Mormons as president, vice-president, CEO, chair of board, or general manager at various times are Aetna Life and Casualty (D. Lee Tobler), Alexander Hamilton Life Insurance (Richard H. Headlee), American Airlines (Melvin E. Olsen), American Broadcasting Co. (Robert H. Hinckley), American Linen Supply (Paul W. Jespersen, Arnold R. Knapp), American Smelting and Refining (Robert Bradford), American Telecommunications Corp. (Henry Marcheschi), Anaconda Copper (Howard L. Edwards, Charles Jay Parkinson), Asmera Oil Corp. of Canada (Howard S. Rhodes), Associated Dry Goods/Lord & Taylor stores (G. Stanley McAllister), Atari Games (Nolan Bushnell), Atlas Corp. (L. Boyd Hatch), Bank of America (Blair R. Egli, Richard V. Harris), Banker's Trust Co. of New York (William L. Snow), Beatrice Foods (Nolan D. Archibald), Bechtel Corp. and Bechtel Investments (Steven V. White), Beneficial Finance (DeWitt Paul), Bernina Sewing Machine (Richard Clyde Jensen), Black & Decker (Nolan D. Archibald), Black & Decker/Puerto Rico (Guillermo M. Perotti), California Healthcare System (Quentin L. Cook), Canada Loyal Insurance (Lawrence R. Fuller), Century Bank (Robert A Hinkle), Citibank (Dan C. Jorgensen), Clorox (Robert A. Bolingbroke), Columbia Broadcasting System (Ralph W. Hardy), Columbia Records (James B. Conkling), Conoco (Max G. Pitcher), Consolidated Freightways (Ronald E. Poelman), Continental Grain Corp. (Donald Shaehli), Continental Illinois Bank (David M. Kennedy, Paul J. Rands), Credit Data Corp. (Gerald L. Davey), Design Research International (William E. Garbett), Digital Equipment (Ralph N. Christensen), Dow Chemical (Wayne Hancock), Eastman Kodak (Kay R. Whitmore), Edison Brothers Shoes (Roy W. Oscarson, G. Richard Oscarson), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corp. (Phillip R. Brinkerhoff), First Interstate Bank Corp. (Robert E. Greene), First National City Bank of New York (Wilford Farnsworth), General Mills (Delbert F. Wright, Mark H. Willes, Richard C. Edgley), Goldman-Sachs (A. Kim Smith), B.F. Goodrich (D. Lee Tobler), Gucci Stores (Harmon J. Tobler), Gwerdon Industries (J. Frederick Huckvale), Hallmark Cards of Canada (James R. Bradshaw), Hewlett-Packard (Richard W. Anderson), Hot Shoppes (J. Willard Marriott), Hughes Tool (Rodney H. Brady, Frank William Gay), International Marine Casualty Services (David C. Hatch), Japan Food Storage (Ryo Okamoto), Joseph Magnin Stores (Harmon J. Tobler), Kaiser Steel (Albert P. Heiner), M.W. Kellogg (Alex G. Oblad), Kentucky Fried Chicken (Leon W. Harman), Landa, Inc. (Larry C. Linton), Little Tikes/Rubbermaid (Gary Baughman), Litton Industries (Rudolph E. Lang Jr.), Lomas & Nettleson (Weston E. Edwards), Los Angeles Times-Mirror (Mark H. Willes), Lufthansa Airlines (Dieter F. Uchtdorf), Madison Square Garden (David W. Checketts), Marriott Hotels (J. Willard Marriott, Sr. and Jr., Richard E. Marriott, Milton A. Barlow, W. Don Ladd, Francis W. Cash, Thomas Hart), Merrill Lynch Real Estate and Insurance Group (Weston E. Edwards), Metromedia (Mark Evans Austad), Metropolitan Life Insurance (Stanley Benfell), Michigan National Bank (Stanford Stoddard), Multiple Zones International (Mark C. Maliwauki), Nabisco (Lee S. Bickmore), Nationwide Insurance (Timothy A. Hoyt, D. Richard McFerson), Nedco of Canada (Earl B. Matthews), Newsweek (Llewellyn L. Callaway), New York Clearing House (John F. Lee), NMB Technologies (Myron D. Jones), North American Healthcare (David E. Sorensen), Olson Egg Farms (C. Dean Olson, H. Glenn Olson), Olympic Stain (C. Roger Victor), Ortho Agricultural Products (David B. Barlow), Pacific Corp. (Verl R. Topham), Pacific Mutual Life Insurance (Stanton Hale), Pacific West Yellow Pages (Richard A. Seay), Pay'n Save (Monte L. Bean), J.C. Penney (Oakley S. Evans), Pennzoil Exploration and Production (Rondo Fehlberg), Phillips Petroleum (Robert N. Sears), Prudential Insurance (James B. Jacobsen), Range Rover of North America (Joel E. Greer), Republic National Life Insurance (Samuel P. Smoot), Reynolds Metals (Neil W. Zundel), Rose Marie Reid Swimsuits (Rose Marie Reid), Royal Industries (Jay R. Manwaring), Ryder Rental Trucks (M. Anthony Burns), Safeway Stores (O. Leslie Stone), Sambo Restaurants (Sam Battistone Jr.) Seibi Printing of Japan (Kihachiro Ichimichi), Seiko Time (Donovan H. Larsen), Shaklee (Nevin N. Andersen), Six Flags Amusement Parks (Daniel P. Howells), Skaggs Stores (O. Leslie Stone), Souther California Edison (Thomas F. Bryson, William R. Gould), Sperry Univac (Gerald G. Probst), Stouffer Hotels and Restaurants (Clayne R. Smith), Summa Corp. (Frank William Gay), Sunline Candy and Sunmark (Menlo F. Smith), TAPSA Peruvian Airlines (Frederick S. Williams, Jose S. Ojeda), Topco Associates (W. Steven Rubow), Trans-Canada Pipe Lines (N. Eldon Tanner), Union Carbide (Isaac Stewart), Union Carbide/South Africa (James W. Rawlings), United California Bank (James C. Ellsworth), United Virginia Bankshares (Kenneth A. Randall), UNOCAL (Dennis P.R. Codon), Von's/Arden-Mayfair Markets (J. Earl Garret), Warner Bros. Records (James B. Conkling), Weight Watchers/Heinz U.S.A. (Douglas C. Haines), Western Airlines (Larry Lee), Western Electric (Stephen H. Fletcher), Winchell's/Denny's Restaurants (John D. Hatch), Woolworth Stores (Robert Kirkwood), Evelyn Wood Reading Dynamics (Evelyn Nielsen Wood), Zero Halliburton Luggage (Jay R. Manwaring). Intermountain-based companies of national stature (not owned or controlled by the LDS church) which have Mormon executives from their inception or at various times are Albertson's Supermarkets, Associate Foods, Evans and Sutherland Computer Corp., First Security Bank, Franklin Quest, Geneva Steel, Huntsman Chemicals, Husky Oil, J.B.'s/Big Boy Restaurants, Little America Hotels, Micron Technology, Morton-Thiokol, Novell, J.R.Simplot Corp., Sinclair Oil, Smith's Food King Stores, Swire Coca-Cola USA, O.C. Tanner Jewelry, Wilson Food Products, WordPerfect.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Oct 12, 1949

[David O. McKay]

Mark Petersen called'Said Junius Jackson could tell me about Bishop Hunt's talk (I believe in Chicago) during which Bishop Hunt made the statement that the Catholics here are having such a time with the Mormons because we are 'running everything', and that missionary work is extremely difficult and that it is the reason they are appealing for funds. Bro. Petersen said he would call Brother Jackson and have him come in and give me the facts. Said that Bro. Benson on two or three occasions has had incidents regarding Bishop Hunt called to his attention. ...

Report on visit with Bishop Duane G. Hunt of the Catholic church October 12, 1949:

President McKay reported that yesterday he accepted an invitation from Bishop Hunt of the Catholic Church to meet him at the Holy Cross Hospital this morning at 10 o'clock. President McKay said that Bishop Hunt greeted him courteously and invited him into his private office at the hospital. President McKay summarized the conference as follows:

Bishop Hunt said, 'I am very much perturbed over this pamphlet, for the publication of which I will take the blame. I did not prepare it, but in a thoughtless moment I did approve it.' 'I was caught off guard and I am to blame,''he repeated that. ... Bishop Hunt continued, 'when we found out that our own people objected to it, and that your people especially had objected to it, we discontinued the distribution of the pamphlet.' ...

Now, said Bishop Hunt. 'I would explain that Mission means something different from the meaning you give to it. The term mission, explained Bishop Hunt, 'is used by Catholics in two senses: one for propaganda in non-Christian countries; another in the sense of a mission in a parish, in which the Priest has insufficient funds to carry on his work. We have such a mission in Richfield; we have such a mission in Davis County. When, for example, the Priest down in Richfield is unable to support himself.' (I interrupted and said, 'You mean from the Catholic membership in that Parish, and Bishop Hunt said, Yes) 'Then,' he continued, 'he must call on me for additional funds. It is in this latter sense that we use this term mission in the pamphlet.'

President McKay said: 'I rather think, Bishop, that the people of the United States would not have that distinction in mind, because it says on the pamphlet, 'A Foreign Mission Close to Home.''

Bishop Hunt replied 'I realize that it would be hard for me to make you believe otherwise.' ...

President McKay said, 'Well, now to us that meant that you are doing missionary work here.'

'I can understand that,' said Bishop Hunt, 'but believe me, we are not carrying on missionary work in the sense of propaganda here in these Western States.'

President McKay told Bishop Hunt that he would so report to his associates in the Presidency. ...

'Furthermore,' said Bishop Hunt, 'I have been attacked recently by our Priests because the report has gone out that the Mormons are attacking the Catholics in Utah, and that I, as the Bishop, am doing nothing in retaliation, and,' said Bishop Hunt, 'I am not doing anything, and I do not propose to do anything. Whenever an article was about to appear, I have telephoned them to stop it, if I have known about it.' Bishop Hunt gave me special instances. He said 'Our paper out in Denver will probably print something; I am not sure whether I can stop that or not. There is a feeling throughout the United States (this is from our side now) that the Latter-day Saints are persecuting the Catholics and are going to drive them out of the city, and they blame me for doing nothing about it.'

Bishop Hunt said, 'We are not circulating any of these pamphlets.'

President McKay said, 'We are; we are putting a copy of it in the hands of every one of our Priesthood throughout the Church.'

Bishop Hunt made no comment.

President McKay said''Have you seen our answer to it?'

Bishop Hunt said 'No.'

President McKay said, 'I will send you one. We cannot stop that, because it has already been distributed.'

Bishop Hunt said, 'I am truly sorry; undoubtedly that will fall into hands of the Catholics.' ...

In corroboration of what Bishop Hunt said about his efforts to keep peace between the two churches, he cited some accusations that had been made by members of our Church, including one apostate'

1. The answer of the Deseret News to an attack made by the 'Catholic Register' was very caustic, and the Catholics insisted that Bishop Hunt 'come back at us' but Bishop Hunt said: 'No, we started this thing, and we will stop it.'

2. Remark made by Joseph F. Smith when he was Patriarch to the effect that if the Catholic religion were combed with a fine tooth comb, you would be unable to find one of them who believes in the resurrection of the body from the grave. Bishop Hunt said: 'Members of our Church insisted that we publicize this as a most erroneous statement, but I said: 'No, we shall pay no attention to it.'' Bishop Hunt then said: 'That remark is just as ridiculous as I should say that you could comb the Mormon Church with a fine tooth comb and not find one of them who believes in baptism.'

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Oct 12, 1904

Josephine Lyons tells Angus M. Cannon that her mother Sylvia Sessions Lyon on her deathbed in 1882 told her that Joseph Smith was actually her father, not Windsor P. Lyon to whom Sylvia had been legally married. Angus M. Cannon told Joseph Smith III that Brigham Young had referred to her in 1877: "That girl, I believe, is living today in Bountiful, north of this city. I heard Prest. Young, a short time before his death [in August 1877], refer to the report and remark that he had never seen the girl, but he would like to see her for himself, that he might determine if she bore any likeness to your father."

[DNA testing has since determined that her father was Windsor, not Joseph. It remains a matter of speculation why Silvia said Joseph was the father instead of Windsor.]

[Angus Munn Cannon, `Statement of an interview with Joseph Smith, III, 1905,' regarding conversation on October 12, 1904, MS 3166, LDS Church Archives" as quoted in "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

130 years ago today - Oct 12, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]

At ten there was a meeting of the Apostles in the Gardo House. Prayer by A.H. Cannon. Prest. Woodruff said that there had been an effort since the death of Prest. Taylor on the part of the Apostles to transfer all the financial affairs of the church to the Presiding Bishop and his counselors. Said that the proper place for the funds of the Church was to have them under the control of the Presidency and the Apostles. He made a number of remarks that would reflect on the action of the Salary Committee that had acted before the formation of the Presidency. He felt that we had now got the Cart before the horse and it was therefore hard shoving. He called on all that were present to express their feelings in the premises. Prest. Cannon said that in as much as he had not agreed with the brethren in their actions in financial matters at the death of Prest. Taylor that he would for the present be pleased to be excused from saying anything.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 12, 1889

[Apostle Brigham Young Jr.]

Pres[iden]t W. expressed great concern about me fearful that I should fall into the hands of my enemies. Drove home after dark, saw no spotters ...

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Oct 12, 1854

Prayer by Elder G. A. Smith. Elder O. Pratt read the 68th Psalm, which the choir chanted. ... While the emblems were being passed, President Brigham young delivered a highly interesting discourse which held the vast audience as it were spellbound. On motion of Elder Hyde, it was unanimously voted that all members of this church who go out on the roads to trade, or who go to California, or any other place outside of this Territory, without being sent, or counseled to do so, be cut off from the church.

[Deseret News, Oct as quoted in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthy Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

170 years ago today - Oct 12, 1849

[Finances]

The First Presidency announces the creation of the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company and Perpetual Emigrating Fund to assist impoverished Latter-day Saints living abroad with the expense of traveling to Utah. The company begins its operations in early 1850 with $5,000, successfully leading a wagon train from Kanesville, Iowa, to Salt Lake City. By the fall of 1850, the fund has grown to $20,000.

PEF loans to Latter-day Saints to assist them in traveling to Utah eventually create an immense amount of debt owed to the church. At the time of Brigham Young's death in 1877, more than $1 million is owed to the fund by emigrants.

[http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/282148/]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball marriages]

wife #10. Sarah Lawrence (Smith Kimball Mount, former plural wife of Joseph Smith), 1826-1872. Divorced HCK in 1851, time only.

wife #11. Martha McBride (Knight Smith Kimball, former plural wife of Joseph Smith), 1805-1891. Separated from HCK, time only.

[Hatch, Charles M. and Compton, Todd M. editors, 'A Widow's Tale: 1884-1896 Diary of Helen Mar Kimball Whitney' p. 37]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball]

Got a barel of flower [flour] of B. Young. I was complained of [to state authorities for helping to build an arsenal and for treason].

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1844

Sidney Rigdon: Sustained "first president of the church" [after Joseph Smith's death a few months earlier] by supporters 12 Oct. 1844

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

85 years ago today - Oct 11, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]

At ten o'clock attended the regular weekly Council meeting of the Presidency and Twelve. I blessed Brother Clark and ordained him an Apostle and set him apart as one of the Council of the Twelve Apostles. I then blessed Brother McKay and set him apart to be my second counselor, and ordained Alonzo A. Hinckley an Apostle and set him apart as a member of the Council of the Twelve Apostles. I first gave an extended talk to Brother Hinckley as to his duties in coming into the Council of the Presidency and the Twelve. He replied, accepting all of the obligations.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Oct 11, 1849

Henry Bigler writes in his diary, "It fills me with sorrow to think of leaving, for I am attached to this place and this people, for they are my brothers and sisters and my friends, and it was with considerable struggle with my feelings that I consented to go." Bigler has been called by Brigham Young to fulfill a mission to California and mine for gold.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - Oct 11, 1839

[Brigham Young]

We travelled eight miles, and put up with Father Draper for the night. When we went into the house, Brother George A. Smith dropped on to the hearth a bottle containing some tonic bitters, which the brethren had prepared for us because of our sickness. At this Father Draper was very much astonished, and said "You are a pretty set of Apostles, to be carrying a bottle of whiskey with you." We explained to him what it was; this appeased his righteous soul, so that he consented to have us stay over the night.

...In the course of the evening Brother Kimball became very ill. The doctor said he could give him something that would help him, but the old man was so drunk he did not know what he did do, and he gave Brother Kimball a tablespoonful of morphine. His wife saw him pour it out, but dare not say a word, but believed it would kill Brother Kimball. A few minutes after he took it, he straightened up in his chair, and said he felt very strange, and thought he would lie down; and on his making a motion to go to bed, he fell his length upon the floor. I sprang to him, rolled him over on his back, and put a pillow under his head, and began to inquire what the doctor had given him. I learned he had given him morphine. Brother Kimball soon came to, and spoke faintly and said, "Don't be scared, for I shan't die." We got him on the bed, and I nursed him through the night. I changed his underclothing five times, and washed him previous to changing his clothes. I found him covered with sweat, at first like thin honey. This gradually wore out towards morning, and he sweat naturally. He was scarcely able to speak, so as to be understood, through the night. ...

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

About Today in Mormon History

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85 years ago today - Oct 10, 1934

The First Presidency and newly appointed apostle Alonzo A. Hinckley agree that Heber J. Grant should ask Los Angeles stake president Leo J. Muir to "stop working for [Upton] Sinclair," the Socialist Party candidate for California governor. Grant publicly opposes Sinclair's election.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

90 years ago today - Oct 10, 1929

[George Albert Smith et al., Letter to Rudger Clawson and Members of the Council of Apostles]
The sub-committee of the Council of the Apostles appointed to read the manuscript written by Elder B. H. Roberts entitled, THE TRUTH, THE WAY, THE LIFE, makes the following report:

. ... The members of the committee regret to say that there are some objectionable doctrines advanced which are of a speculative nature and appear to be out of harmony with the revelations of the Lord and the fundamental teachings of the Church. Among the outstanding doctrines to which objection is made are: The doctrine that there were races on the earth before Adam; That Adam was a translated being who came to this earth subject to death, and therefore, did not bring death upon himself and his posterity through the fall; That Adam was placed on the earth when the earth was in a desolate condition and before any other life, belonging to the 'dispensation of Adam' was on the earth; That all life preceding Adam was swept off, even to the fishes of the sea, by some great cataclysm so that a new start had to be made; That Go the Father is is still discovering hidden laws and truth which he does not know, but which are eternal.

The members of the committee met with Brother Roberts on two or three occasions and discussed these matters with hm, making the request that he eliminate from his work these objectionable features, but this Brother Roberts has refused to do. At the last interview with hm, he informed the committee that if he could not adjust matters and therefore did not obtain the approval of the committee, he would, perhaps, at some future time publish the work on his own responsibility.

The committee, therefore, recommends to the Council of the Twelve that a report of it findings be laid before the First presidency, with the recommendation that in its present form, the manuscript be not published.

Very respectfully submitted, P.S. a list of objections is here attached. ...

[George Albert Smith et al., Letter to Rudger Clawson and Members of the Council of Apostles, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Oct 10, 1899

[J. Golden Kimball]
Was told by Apostle [Francis M.] Lyman that some women thought I was a tyrant because of my speech on Sunday and he replied that he knew of no man that was more completely run by his wife. This was not true, and was not appreciated, notwithstanding it was spoken by one of the Apostles. Lyman is jealous & hit me in a tender spot. His friendship I do not count on.

[J. Golden Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

155 years ago today - Oct 10, 1864

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
The remainder of Zions Camp had a meeting for the first time since their travels to Mo. in 1834, when they went up to redeem Zion. We met in the Social Hall being over fifty of the original 205. It was the most interesting Party I ever attended. ... . President Young in his speech said that if that Company behaved vary well they should be the first Company Chosen to go back to Jackson County. We had a vary interesting time.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Oct 10, 1844

Brigham Young marries Diana Chase, aged 17

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

120 years ago today - Monday, Oct 9, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson]
... Pres. Snow. Second anointings to be given to faithful brethren. It is not necessary, he said, to wait until they are ready to drop into their graves. ...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

130 years ago today - Oct 9, 1889

Salt Lake stake high council excommunicates an elder for having a local bishop perform an unauthorized plural marriage for him four years earlier. Stake authorities had not authorized the marriage because the youn woman has "negro blood in her veins." The first counselor says her father is "about 1/6 Nigger from his appearance."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - Oct 9, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
I find that in reading over what I have written regarding the conference meetings that I have neglected to state that at the Priesthood meeting, Oct 5th, that was held Saturday night that among other things, that Prest. Woodruff spoke of there having been a number of baptisms for the dead in the river and that it was afterwards [sic] revealed to the Prophet that this was not proper and that these would have to be done over in a House of the Lord. He said that there were many things revealed to the Prophet that were not fully understood and that these were changed when there was more light came [sic]. The Prophet had said that little children would grow after the resurrection, this statement was made after he had said that there would be no growth after the resurrection. It was revealed to the Prophet that we would rise as we were laid down. He had seen children on thrones and he had concluded that there would be no growth until it had been revealed to him that this was not the case. I was pleased to have the President make these remarks as there are so many of the people that have felt badly on account of thinking that their little ones would not grow after they had passed away.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Thursday, Oct 9, 1884

[Abraham H. Cannon]
At 10 a.m. I attended a meeting in the Social Hall with S[eymour] B. Young, John W. Taylor and John Q. [Cannon], and was introduced to [the Council of] 50. "The Kingdom of God and its laws, and the keys thereof and judgment in the hands of His servants, Ahman Christ."

[This is last time the Council of Fifty formally convenes. Its last surviving member dies in 1945.]

[Abraham H. Cannon diary, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

150 years ago today - Oct 9, 1869

George A. Smith writes to his cousin, Joseph Smith III, identifying nine plural wives of Joseph Smith.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

155 years ago today - Oct 9, 1864 (Afternoon, Conference)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
President Brigham Young adverted to the subjects of Prophets in Israel, and remarked that nearly every man who had spoken during the conference had prophesied, and so it would be if a hundred others were to speak, and he would be glad if all the Lord's people were prophets.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - Oct 9, 1859 (Morning, Conference)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
I shall address you this morning upon a subject that is more interesting to me than any other pertaining to the life of man. It is a subject of deep study and research, and has been from age to age among the reflecting and philosophical portions of the human family. ... If the inhabitants of the earth thoroughly understood their own being, their views, feelings, faith, and affections would be very different from what they now are. ... . When people have secured to themselves eternal life, they are where they can understand the true character of their Father and God, and the object of the creation, fall, and redemption of man after the creation of this world. ... Shall I say that the seeds of vegetables were planted here by the Characters that framed and built this world'"that the seeds of every plant composing the vegetable kingdom were brought from another world? ... Here let me state to all philosophers of every class upon the earth, When you tell me that father Adam was made as we make adobies from the earth, you tell me what I deem an idle tale. ... Mankind are here because they are the offspring of parents who were first brought here from another planet, and power was given them to propagate their species, and they were commanded to multiply and replenish the earth. ... The Being whom we call Father was the Father of the spirit of the Lord Jesus Christ, and he was also his Father pertaining to the flesh. ... You read about a first resurrection. If there is a first, there is a second. And if a second, may there not be a third, and a fourth, and so on? Yes; ... From the day that the Priesthood was taken from the earth to the winding-up scene of all things, every man and woman must have the certificate of Joseph Smith, junior, as a passport to their entrance into the mansion where God and Christ are'"I with you and you with me. I cannot go there without his consent. He holds the keys of that kingdom for the last dispensation'"the keys to rule in the spirit-world; and he rules there triumphantly, for he gained full power and a glorious victory over the power of Satan while he was yet in the flesh, and was a martyr to his religion and to the name of Christ, which gives him a most perfect victory in the spirit-world. He reigns there as supreme a being in his sphere, capacity, and calling, as God does in heaven. Many will exclaim'"'"Oh, that is very disagreeable! It is preposterous! We cannot bear the thought!'" But it is true. ... I told you that the doctrine of election and reprobation is a true doctrine... Adam ... has watched that family and that blood as it has circulated from its fountain to the birth of that man. He was foreordained in eternity to preside over this last dispensation, as much so as Pharaoh was fore-ordained to be a wicked man, or as was Jesus to be the Saviour of the world because he was the oldest son in the family. ... The whole object of the creation of this world is to exalt the intelligences that are placed upon it, that they may live, endure, and increase for ever and ever. ... Adam and Eve are the parents of all pertaining to the flesh, and I would not say that they are not also the parents of our spirits. You see some classes of the human family that are black, uncouth, uncomely, disagreeable and low in their habits, wild, and seemingly deprived of nearly all the blessings of the intelligence that is generally bestowed upon mankind. The first man that committed the odious crime of killing one of his brethren will be cursed the longest of any one of the children of Adam. Cain slew his brother. Cain might have been killed, and that would have put a termination to that line of human beings. This was not to be, and the Lord put a mark upon him, which is the flat nose and black skin. Trace mankind down to after the flood, and then another curse is pronounced upon the same race'"that they should be the '"servant of servants;'" and they will be, until that curse is removed; and the Abolitionists cannot help it, nor in the least alter that decree. How long is that race to endure the dreadful curse that is upon them? That curse will remain upon them, and they never can hold the Priesthood or share in it until all the other descendants of Adam have received the promises and enjoyed the blessings of the Priesthood and the keys thereof. Until the last ones of the residue of Adam's children are brought up to that favourable position, the children of Cain cannot receive the first ordinances of the Priesthood. They were the first that were cursed, and they will be the last from whom the curse will be removed. When the residue of the family of Adam come up and receive their blessings, then the curse will be removed from the seed of Cain, and they will receive blessings in like proportion.

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 7:282-291; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

160 years ago today - Oct 9, 1859 (Afternoon, Conference)

[Brigham Young]
I pray my Father in heaven to bless you with His Holy Spirit; with grace to help you in every time of need, under every circumstance, and to let His angels watch over you, to preserve you in your covenants and vows which you have made with one another, and with your God. I also pray you in Christ's stead to hearken to the commandments of heaven, that you may secure unto yourselves eternal lives. I offer this prayer to the great I AM in your behalf...

[Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra. Salt Lake City; 1850-current. 9:249, 256; The Latter-day Saints Millennial Star. Also Millennial Star Supplement, Manchester- Liverpool, England, 1840-1970. 21:822 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Oct 9, 1854

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
I spent the time diging potatoes Drawing corn & choreing to my tears.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Oct 9, 1844

[Wilford Woodruff Letter to Brigham Young]
"Elder Ball has taught as well as Wm [William] Smith the Lowell girls that is not wrong to have intercourse with the men what they please & Elder Ball tries to sleep with them when he can They have tried to remove a good presiding Elder in Lowell & put in Bro Robins who is in their company, But they would not have this the Lowell Church is shaking."

[Wilford Woodruff Letter to Brigham Young as quoted in LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

175 years ago today - Oct 9, 1844

Brigham Young (aged 43) marriage to Rebecca Holman (1824-1849) (aged 20) first marriage

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Oct 8, 1979-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
According to a report in the Salt Lake Tribune, some persons connected with Mormon women for ERA [Equal Rights Amendment] had arranged to have a plane flying above Temple Square for about 30 minutes, carrying a banner stating, "Mother in Heaven Loves Mormons for ERA." But I did not see it nor did I see anyone looking at the sky, nor did I hear anyone make any remark about it. ...

[In General Conference] Six regional representatives in other countries were called full time. This represents a departure. ... In between sessions we had interesting conversations. The Latin American brethren have a couple of hangups. One of these is the preoccupation of North Americans with Indians-with an assumption that most of the members of the Church in Latin America are Indians or of Indian ancestry. They assert that the percentage of Indians in Central and South America is perhaps as small as the percentage of Indians in the United States. ... They were especially incensed with the illustrations-on the cover-in the special Latin American edition of the Ensign which had so many pictures of Indians. These were not at all representative and the members of the Church in Latin America didn't like this. The second hangup is the constant emphasis of some General Authorities on aspects of white culture which are really not part of the basic gospel but which are sometimes presented as if they were. Jeff Allred says that an overwhelming proportion of the members of the Church in Central America are people in urban areas who have rebelled against the conservative establishment of North American business, the Roman Catholic Church, and the military. They tend to be leftist in their political orientation, not Communist, but with certain liberal-Marxist leanings. Their vocabulary is anti-establishment and would sound leftist to conservative Americans. We must somehow understand them-and why they are that way-and take means to provide a proper reconciliation between gospel basics and the necessities of our own country. ...

The other important change was the transfer of Patriarch Eldred G. Smith from Patriarch to the Church to Patriarch Emeritus. The only explanation was that since we now have a large number of patriarchs in the various wards and stakes and missions, there is no longer a need for a patriarch to the Church. The position has long ceased to be one which directs and counsels the patriarchs of the Church. I think that changed in the 1870s, but I am not sure. And there have been two or three occasions when the Church has gone without a patriarch to the Church. We are now entering upon another such period, and it remains to be seen whether sometime in the future we will sustain a Patriarch to the Church. Eldred does have a son, [E.] Gary Smith, who is an attorney in Los Angeles and who at one stage might have been in line to succeed his father, but he and his wife were divorced not long ago and that may have been one consideration. He is loyal to the Church and worthy in other respects, but the Brethren may have balked at sustaining a patriarch to the Church at this time who was recently divorced. I do not know any of the details, as to whether the divorce involved any dereliction on his part. A number of persons asked me afterward if I had an explanation for this action-it puzzled people. I simply responded that there was good historical precedent for it and that it did not surprise me. ... [[On the decline of the churchwide office of patriarch, see Bates and Smith, Lost Legacy, 201-20; and Quinn, Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, 128-31.]]

... Another observation: I keep being embarrassed for the sisters. The wives of the General Authorities are back in a kind of balcony to the side of the stand where the Brethren sit. One can hardly see them. They are in a place that in the Southern theaters in the 19th century would have been referred to as "nigger's heaven." I don't see any solution to this, but they must feel something like second-class observers of the conference sessions. In a way the same thing may be said of the women presidencies and board members of auxiliaries. They sit near the front on the farthest right side facing the stand. Why couldn't those sisters be placed in the central behind the regional representatives and in front of stake presidents? Why do they have to be shunted over to the far right? Or why not find a place for the three presidents-Relief Society, Young Women, and Primary-on the stand or front row? Another thing that must seem peculiar to some observers is that all of the special guests on the first two rows all the way across the Tabernacle are men. Don't we ever have any special guests who are women? If not, why not? And why wouldn't it be a nice thing to have at each conference session one or two of the women presidents speak? Among those attending conference (outside of stake presidents and bishops) there are probably more women than men, so that all told women would probably make up at least 30% of the total audience. And of course the TV audience would probably include more women listeners than men. So why not have a couple of women speakers?

I had a chance to talk this afternoon with Michael Quinn about the patriarch's position. Mike says that a crucial date is in 1932 upon the death of [patriarch] Hyrum G. Smith. The General Authorities were not united on whether to have a presiding patriarch-one who presided over the other patriarchs-and who was an active General Authority, or whether they ought to have only a patriarch to the Church. A group of apostles appointed to study the matter recommended to President [Heber J.] Grant that they appoint Eldred G. Smith in the [Joseph Smith's uncle] John Smith line, and that he be appointed patriarch to the Church. He was a young person, only 25 years old, and for that reason they did not believe they ought to make him a presiding patriarch, and he shouldn't visit conferences, speak, set apart people, attend meetings of the Quorum of Twelve and First Presidency in the temple, etc.

President Grant had not been especially impressed with the John Smith family and he thought Eldred Smith was too young and inexperienced. And he had a strong preference for the presiding-patriarch type. With a strong difference of opinion between Pres. Grant and the committee of the Twelve, they simply let it go for ten years.

In 1942 they finally reached a decision to appoint a person from the [President] Joseph F. Smith family, not the John Smith family; namely, [patriarch] Joseph F. Smith, the professor of speech at the University of Utah. They made him a presiding patriarch in the sense that he not only gave blessings but visited quarterly conferences in stakes, set persons apart, attended meetings of the Quorum of the Twelve and First Presidency in the temple, and voted in those meetings. Then there was the trouble that occurred under Joseph F. Smith and he finally resigned.

After that, in 1946, they sustained Eldred G. Smith. He immediately did something that infuriated some of the brethren of the Twelve, namely in his first talk in conference after being sustained, he made a half-humorous, half-bitter remark that he had thought first of reading the talk he had written back in 1932 when he thought he was going to be sustained and wasn't. They sustained him only as patriarch to the Church, not as presiding patriarch as Joseph F. Smith and most predecessors had been. He was not invited to meetings of the Quorum of the Twelve and First Presidency, nor to stake conferences, nor allowed to sustain stake officers. After he had been in for several years, members of the Quorum of the Twelve recommended that he be invited to their meetings and he was, for a brief period. Then he was told not to attend any more. For a brief period they also invited him to attend stake conferences and then after a period he was told that they didn't need him to do that any longer. At one point a committee of the Twelve was appointed to look over his patriarchal blessings to see if he had been saying things he shouldn't be saying. Apparently they did things that were very demeaningthey warned him on his grammar, telling him he should not say "each and every one," for example. Mike has no idea why they should have released him now rather than say last year or next year. He is 72 years old. Mike knows the family quite well and thus it is obvious they would never sustain [E.] Gary [Smith] after his having been divorced. Mike says he understands that Gary was the victim or the injured party in the divorce, but thinks they would never sustain as patriarch to the Church or presiding patriarch a person who has been divorced. Mike suggests that they may go some time before they get a new person in that position-and Mike does think they will eventually appoint someone. It is too strongly based on revelation and scripture and historical tradition. He thinks that this opens up a very real question as to whether the person should be sustained as a presiding patriarch or as a patriarch to the Church, whether the person ought to come through the Joseph Smith line or the Joseph F. Smith line, or perhaps through the family of Joseph Smith, Sr.through one of his brothers: the Silas Smith line, the John Smith line, and so on. And whether the person must bear the surname of Smith or whether he might have another name, having come down through one of the daughters. [[The office has remained vacant since Eldred Smith's release.]] Mike says that Eldred has been very open in expressing his own bitterness. To many General Authorities, he has an abrasive personality which has been irritating to them and to ordinary members of the Church as well. This is perhaps one reason why they've had investigation committees. When they were presenting to the General Authorities the two new revelations which were sustained a couple of years ago to be put in the Pearl of Great Price-the revelations of Joseph Smith and Joseph F. Smith-Eldred was sitting next to Sterling Sill, who leaned over and whispered to Eldred a question: "Why don't they put it in the D&C instead of in the Pearl of Great Price?" Eldred replied, "That's something you'll have to ask them; they don't trust me." So Sterling Sill asked President Kimball the question, and he replied he didn't know, and asked Bruce McConkie to explain. Eldred thought that was a dangerous thing for the First Presidency to yield to Bruce on matters of doctrine and scripture like that. [[In 1976 two visions of heaven by Joseph Smith and Joseph F. Smith were added to the Pearl of Great Price, then moved three years later to the Doctrine and Covenants as sections 137 and 138, along with the 1978 statement on race, which was called Official Declaration 2, following the 1890 Manifesto ending polygamy, renamed as Official Declaration 1.]]

I suppose I should have added that there was one jarring note in conference-the talk of Elder Benson, which was to a large extent a political talk. I was told this morning that even Wallace Bennett, who is a loyal Churchman in every respect and a conservative Republican-even he thought the talk was inappropriate. I am told that he was really angry, furious. I also understand that many European and Latin American people found it hard to take. Latinos have always complained above all of the Monroe Doctrine, and Brother Benson placing the color of the gospel on the Monroe Doctrine did not sit well with them.

John Cox, DTA in Birmingham, England, says he has materials on the histories of Ghana and Nigeria, which are within his district. In fact, he had the entire continent of Africa in his district, presumably because English is their official language, and they have had a heritage of British rule.

John says that there are about 3000 baptized members of the Church in those countries, and they are continuing to process and baptize at the rate of about 100 or 200 per month. He thinks membership will run up to 10,000 within 2 or three years. The woman who was the leader of the self-organized branch of the Church in Nigeria and Ghana, Mrs. [Rebecca] Mould, [[Rebecca Mould founded a Mormon-like congregation prior to 1978. When mis- sionaries arrived, she submitted to baptism and male authority, but later left the church. See Russell Stevenson, "The Prophetess: Rebecca Mould and the Origins of Mormonism in Ghana," June 24, 2013, Juvenile Instructor blog, www.juvenileinstructor.org.]] a black woman, called herself a prophetess. She has now switched her allegiance to our Church and is now the president of the Relief Society in the Sekondi Branch in Nigeria. She donated land to the Church and also built a chapel, a rather makeshift affair, in which the branch meets.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - 45 years ago - Oct 8, 1974-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
[Ninety-three-year-old] J. Winter Smith ... said that it is family tradition and lore that when the Smith family were going to Far West [Missouri] in 1837, they came across a massacre in which a family of white emigrants were massacred by a group of Indians. All persons had been killed, or they thought had been killed. Then one of the Smiths-he thought perhaps [Joseph's brother] William Smithheard a groaning in a bush nearby. It turned out to be a girl of perhaps ten years of age who had somehow miraculously survived the Indian attack. She was taken in by Mother Smith, presumably Lucy Mack Smith. She had been hit on the head with a tomahawk two or three times which impaired her memory, her speech, and her rationality. Mother Smith nursed her back to health. Because she was backward, not bright, and did not look presentable, she was kept in the background.

She had a crucifix around her neck when they found her. Joseph Smith and family simply called her the "Madonna." They never found out her name, and she was not able to tell them her name. At any rate, the Smiths raised her.

When she was older, according to family tradition, she was married as a plural wife to Joseph Smith and she gave birth to a child by Joseph Smith before his death.

After Joseph Smith's assassination, there were terrible times in Nauvoo and Hancock County [Illinois] as Mormons were burned out, killed and otherwise cruelly treated. During this period a mob killed the Madonna, beheaded her, and set her head on a fencepost as a warning to other Mormons. Her child was adopted by Mormons and was later taken to Utah. Some friendly person, out of regard for her, took her mother's head from the fencepost-the flesh had long since disappeared apparently-and gave her the skull. She kept the skull as a secret and sacred remembrance.

This girl, according to family tradition, later married one of the Youngs, so that her husband was a Young and her father was Joseph Smith. One of her children by one of the Young boys was Mary, who married a Jensen. She must have been a midwife or M.D. because she was always called Dr. Mary. She died approximately nine years ago.

J. Winter Smith was very friendly with her over many years. He says that her father-in-law, he thinks, a retired Army colonel, who is now in his 90s, has a little mysterious trunk in which a lot of letters and relics have been placed (or perhaps he was the husband of Dr. Mary and after her death inherited the trunk which was Mary's). At any rate, in his possession is a mysterious trunk in which this skeleton of her mother is placed. J. Winter says he has seen the skeleton. It was shown to him by Dr. Mary. The small head suggests that her mother was young when killed. (If she were ten in 1837 that would make her eighteen in 1845 or nineteen in 1846.) There are also supposed to be letters and diaries in that little trunk. J. Winter says if he outlives the old man, who is 98, he is to get the trunk with all of the things in it. These contain many Smith things apparently. If J. Winter does not get these, we don't know where they will go. The old colonel is apparently strongly anti-Mormon according to J. Winter. Two lady missionaries happened onto his home tracting, and when he found out they were Mormon missionaries he went to the house to get his gun and yelled threats to them. They ran off screaming. J. Winter says that he has letters to his father, Samuel H. B. Smith from Jesse N. Smith, from John L. Smith, George A. Smith, and Joseph Smith III. He said he would try to hunt for these and make these available to us. I strongly urged him to do so.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

115 years ago today - Oct 8, 1904

Mormon tells Senator Reed Smoot's secretary that "Apostle [Abraham O.] Woodruff told him that a certain number or worthy people had been commissioned to keep alive the principle of plural marriage." This view is basis of Mormon Fundamentalist movement which does not fully emarge until 1920's. Woodruff, who died in Jun after visiting his post-Manifesto plural wife and her first baby, is honored as polygamy martyr by these Mormons.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

160 years ago today - Oct 8, 1859

Brigham Young from the pulpit tells bishops to give Melchizedek priesthood to eighteen-year-old boys, even if they "have been sowing their wild oats for years."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Oct 8, 1854

In what Apostle Wilford Woodruff describes as "the greatest sermon that ever was delivered to the Latter Day Saints since they have been a people," Brigham Young announces from the pulpit: "I believe [sic] in Sisters marrying brothers, and brothers having their sisters for Wives. Why? because we cannot do otherwise. There are none others for me to marry but my sisters . . . .Our spirits are all brothers and sisters, and so are our bodies; and the opposite idea has resulted from the ignorant and foolish traditions of the nations of the earth." Young's secretary George D. Watt has already married his own half sister as a plural wife. Her letter to Young shows that he was initially "unfavorable" toward allowing them to marry, but this sermon reveals theological basis for Young's authorizing Watt's brother-sister marriage and the three children born of their union.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Oct 8, 1854 (Afternoon, Conference)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
Attended conference, a very interesting conference, for at this meeting President Brigham Young said thus: That Adam and Eve were the names of the first man and woman of every earth that was ever organized and that Adam and Eve were the natural Father and Mother of every spirit that comes to this planet, or that receives tabernacles on this planet, consequently we are brothers and sisters, and that Adam was God, our Eternal Father. This as Brother Heber remarked, was letting the cat out of the bag, and it came to pass, I believed every word, for I remembered saying to the Brethren at a meeting of High Priests in Nauvoo, while I was speaking to them under the influence of the spirit, I remarked thus, that our Father Adam had many wives, and that Eve was only one of them, and that she was our mother, and that she was the mother of the inhabitants of this earth, and I believe that also, but behold yea there were some that did not believe these sayings of the Prophet Brigham, even our beloved Brother Orson Pratt told me he did not believe it. He said he could prove by the scriptures it was not correct. I felt very sorry to hear Professor Orson Pratt say that. I feared lest he should apostatize, but I prayed for him that he might endure unto the end, for I knew verily it was possible that great men might fall. -- SLC Tabernacle

[The Teachings of President Brigham Young, Vol. 3, 1852-1854. Fred Collier, ed. Collier's Publishing, 1987. 373-374 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - 1844 8 Oct.

Young uses two administrative techniques to circumvent the Nauvoo high council's "equal in authority" rights. First, 400 men are ordained today as seventies, which immediately transfers them from the jurisdiction of the high council into the Twelve's domain. Second, he appoints eighty-five of Nauvoo's high priests to be branch presidents outside Nauvoo, but does not require them to move. For the first time in Mormon history this puts a stake's high priests under the jurisdiction of the Twelve.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - Oct 8, 1829

Oliver Cowdery purchases a large Bible from Grandin's book store in Palmyra for $3.75. It will be used by Joseph Smith in his revision of the Bible.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

195 years ago today - Oct 8, 1824

[Brigham Young]
October 8th, 1824, I married a young woman by the name of Miriam Works, daughter of Asa and Jerusha Works, in Aurelius, Cayuga County, New York, where I resided eighteen years, following the occupation of carpenter, joiner, painter, and glazier.

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

15 years ago today - Oct 7, 2004

Dieter F. Uchtdorf and David A. Bednar are ordained Apostles and join the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after being sustained on October 2.

[Wikipedia, 21st Century (Mormonism), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/21st_century_(Mormonism)]

35 years ago today - Oct 7, 1984

Ronald E. Poelman gives a general conference talk stressing the need of central headquarters to adapt its programs to the cultural diversity of the international church, rather than requiring diverse peoples to conform to the Utah Mormon culture. He is required to return to an empty Salt Lake Tabernacle to re-deliver a censored version of his general conference talk for videotaping which includes a pre-recorded track of audience coughs but deletes his endorsement of cultural diversity and decentralization. He is not allowed to speak in general conference again for more than four years.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Oct 7, 1909; Thursday

Went to Circle Meeting at 6 P.M. Pres[iden]t. F[rancis]. M. Lyman spoke upon the subject of loyalty to him and the Circle remarking that four members of the circle had gotten into difficulties through their not following the counsel of the leaders of the Church. They were bro[ther]. [Joseph W.] M[usser]. J[ohn]. M. Tanner Louis A Kelsch and Eardley. He hoped that in the future that all the brethren of the circle would live as to retain his fullest confidence and would do nothing to bring themselves in to trouble and the Church in to disrepute.

[Thomas A. Clawson, Diary]

120 years ago today - Oct 7, 1899

An anti-Mormon filed a legal complaint against President Snow for unlawful cohabitation with Minnie J. Snow due to the birth of their child. Minnie was a plural wife of President Snow.

[Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

125 years ago today - Oct 7, 1894

[Heber J. Grant]
At 10 A.M. attended conference. ... Prest. Wilford Woodruff who called on [Patriarch] John Smith as the next man to him in authority in the Church to keep the Word of Wisdom or step down and out of his office. He spoke 15 minutes and said among other things if a man could not keep the commandments of God and live that he had better keep them and die.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 7, 1889

[Heber J. Grant]
Among other things Prest. Woodruff said 'In the name of Israel's God there shall be no peace in the nation. There is no need to look for prosperity and peace because it will not come. God will reject all nations that will not obey His laws.'

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Oct 7, 1889

[Apostle Brigham Young Jr.]
[[New apostles ordained, President Woodruff being mouth.]] Thank God our Quorum is complete once more and I believe with the right kind of timber. Our Conference closed in a blaze of light and there is more union among the Twelve than I have seen before since the death of Pres[iden]t Taylor."

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 7, 1889

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon]
About 1 p.m. all were excused from the room except the pres[idents] of stakes, their counselors and the leading authorities, when political matters were discussed. Our danger of losing the election in this city was mentioned and it was proposed that those stakes who could spare young men to come to this city and acquire residence so as to be able to vote, do so, and that we here provide employment and pay for such. Our enemies intend to run in miners, railroad graders, and every available man to win the election, and it will require all our efforts to foil their plans. Bro. H[eber] J. Grant proposed to donate $1000.00 to employ men to help finish our temple. Uncle Angus [M. Cannon] agreed to do the same. ...

[Diary of Apostle Abraham H. Cannon, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

130 years ago today - Oct. 7th, 1889

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon]
In conversation with Geo. Q., he "gave me very great joy to see how happy he was at my call to the Apostleship without any suggestion from him." "Pres. Woodruff spoke in regard to second annointing and said the Presidents of Stakes were to be judges of who were worthy to receive them, but it was an ordinance of the eternal world which belonged particularly to old men."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Oct 7, 1879

The U.S. government grants the first patent to a Mormon, John M. Browning for the rifle. Two years after that invention is marketed as the Winchester Single Shot Rifle of 1885, Browning becomes a full-time missionary. Among later inventions of this "father of modern fire-arms," are the Winchester Repeating Rifle of 1886, the Winchester Lever Action Shotgun Model of 1887, the Winchester Pump-action Shotgun of 1890, the Winchester .22-caliber Single Shot Rifle of 1900, the Colt .45-caliber semiautomatic pistol (standard U.S. military side-arm since 1911), the .30-caliber machine gun used in World War I (for which Belgium knighted him). His Browning authomatic rifle (BAR) is later used in World War II.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

150 years ago today - Oct 07, 1869

Pratt preaches that Joseph Smith taught Plural marriage in 1831 but said the time was not yet come to practice it

[Journal of Discourses, reported by David W. Evans (7 October 1869), Vol. 13 (London: Latter-day Saint's Book Depot, 1871), 192–93. as quoted in Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

170 years ago today - Oct 7, 1849

Brigham Young instructs his special counselor, Presiding Patriarch John Smith, to select men to go to California on "Gold Mission" for church. Among "Forty-Niners" who travel to California are about fifty gold-digging Mormon missionaries.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Oct 7, 1844

Following the death of Joseph Smith, the Prophet's uncle, John Smith, is sustained as the Nauvoo Stake president, replacing William Marks, who refused to accept the leadership of the Twelve Apostles.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

155 years ago today - Oct 7, 1864 (Afternoon, Conference)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... I have never particularly desired any man to testify publicly that I am a Prophet; nevertheless, if any man feels joy in doing this, he shall be blest in it. I have never said that I am not a Prophet; but, if I am not, one thing is certain, I have been very profitable to this people.

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:339-340; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Oct 7, 1844

[General ]
African American Elder Joseph T. Ball becomes Boston Branch Pres.

[http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/Chronology-Pertaining-to-Blacks-and-the-LDS-Church]

110 years ago today - Oct 6, 1909; Wednesday

I attended fore and afternoon meeting of Conference and at 4 P.M. Met with the Twelve at Pres[ident]. [Francis M.] Lyman's office and heard what Pres[ident]. M[ilton]. H. Welling had to tell about his sister's relations with Bro[ther]. Israel Barlow Jr. a suspicious case indicating marriage with a married man. Adjourned until 10 A.M. tomorrow when Bro[ther] Barlow will meet with us. I got word to him through Br[other]. [Benjamin?] Goddard.

At the forenoon meeting Pres[ident]. B. H. Roberts was called upon and occupied 50 or 60 minutes for the most part devoted to a criticism of the present Church administration.

It should here be known that Pres[ident] B. H. Roberts was handled by the Council of the Twelve and Seventy some months ago for being out of harmony. He withstood us all and his case was presented to the First Presidency and there it has since rested and the argument made by him before the Conference is, I judge,

the argument he had prepared for his further hearing when it comes if at all.

At the last moments of Conference in the afternoon Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith denounced him and his talk in unmeasured terms without mentioning his name. Pres[ident]. Roberts went to the President when the benediction had been offered and just what was said I do not know i.e. what passed between them. I shook the President's hand and told him I thanked the Lord for those concluding remarks .I felt they were appropriate and needed.

[George F. Richards, Diary]

110 years ago today - Oct 6, 1909; Wednesday

[Apostle Anthony Ivins]
Concluding conference meetings. ... B. H. Roberts oc- cupied 55 minutes. His remarks seemed to me to be an unnecessary criticism of the policy of the Church. Such a talk might properly be made by the President of the Church but not by Bro Roberts. The fact that he apologized for what he had said, was sufficient evidence that he did not himself feel sure of his ground. ...

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

165 years ago today - Oct 6, 1854

Orson Hyde preaches, "The world was peopled before the days of Adam, as much so as it was before the days of Noah."

165 years ago today - Oct. 6th, 1854

Attended conference, a very interesting conference, for at this meeting President Brigham Young said thus, that Adam and Eve were the names of the first man and woman of every earth that was ever organized and that Adam and Eve were the natural father and mother of every spirit that comes to this planet, or that receives tabernacles on this planet, consequently we are brother and sisters, and that Adam was God, our Eternal Father. This as Brother Heber remarked, was letting the cat out of the bag, and it came to pass, I believed every word, for I remembered saying to the Brethren at a meeting of High Priests in Nauvoo, while I was speaking to them under the influence of the Spirit, I remarked thus, that our Father Adam had many wives, and that Eve was only one of them, and that she was our mother, and that she was the mother of the inhabitants of this earth, and I believe that also, but behold ye there were some that did not believe these sayings of the Prophet Brigham, even our Beloved Brother Orson Pratt told me he did not believe it. He said he could prove by the scriptures it was not correct. I felt very sorry to hear Professor Orson Pratt say that. I feared least he should apostatize, but I prayed for him that he might endure unto the end, for I knew verily it was possible that great men might fall. I remembered Apostle John E. Page. I saw him take from his pocket a plug of tobacco and bite a mouthful and put it back. It surprised me. I said old chap you will apostatize, but still I really hoped he would not, but he is gone, and I am very sorry for the poor man.

[Journal of Joseph L. Robinson; Oct. 6th, 1854 as quoted in Paper, "Concepts Quotations Dealing With the Origin, Identity Position of Adam Eve"]

170 years ago today - Oct 6, 1849

The organization of the P. E. Fund Company was commenced.

[Richards, Franklin Dewey and Little, James A., Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306, http://www.amazon.com/Compendium-Doctrines-Gospel-ebook/dp/B002LTY4Z0?ie=UTF8tag=mormonchronic-20link_code=btlcamp=213689creative=392969]

175 years ago today - Oct 6, 1844

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... The president of the priests has a right to the Urim and Thummim, which gives revelation. He has the right of receiving visits from angels. ...

If you don't know whose right it is to give revelations, I will tell you, It is I, There never has a man stood between Joseph and the Twelve, and unless we apostatize there never will. If Hyrum had lived he would not have stood between Joseph and the Twelve, but he would have stood for Joseph.----Did Joseph ordain any man to take his place? He did. Who was it? It was Hyrum, but, Hyrum fell a martyr before Joseph did. ...

[Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

40 years ago today - Oct 5, 1979

Apostle Gordon B. Hinckley, chair of Special Affairs Committee, instructs "all of Missouri and Illinois stake presidents and state[wide] ERA coordinators" about how to conduct LDS inti-ERA campaign, including: "Church building[s] may be used for ERA education."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

45 years ago today - Oct 05, 1974

Naomi Maxfield Shumway is called as the sixth general president of the Primary, with Sara Broadbent Paulsen and Colleen Bushman Lemmon as counselors.

105 years ago today - Oct 5, 1914; Monday

[Heber J. Grant]
Pres[iden]t Lyman spoke of Patriarchs performing marriages unlawfully--Pres[iden]t Smith said no man living had authority to d[o].

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

110 years ago today - Oct 5, 1909; Tuesday

[Apostle Anthony Ivins]
Special Priesthood Meeting. Prest. [John R.] Winder said persons who can reasonably reach the temple should not be married before reaching the temple. ... Prest. [Joseph F.] Smith: The people of the state should show to those who come up to the legislature that they meant what they said when they so earnestly prayed for laws which would restrict the liquor traffic. If he had votes enough he would see to it that every man who comes up to the legislature shall have the fear, or love of God in their hearts & who would pass laws by which the Sabbath Day may be kept holy. ...

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

120 years ago today - Oct 5, 1899; Thursday

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]
Another subject discussed was a grammatical change in the Articles of Faith, where it reads, "These ordinances are, first, faith, second, repentance, etc." Faith and repentance not being ordinances, hence the proposed correction. It was learned from President Cannon that this change had been made already in published cards containing said articles. ...

The question of bringing home the bodies of missionaries who die in their fields of labor, was next considered by the Council, and it was the sense of the meeting that this should invariably be done, wherever and whenever practicable, the expense to be borne in full or in part by the family of the deceased, if able to bear it. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Oct 5, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson]
Continuation of the quarterly meeting of the Twelve at the temple. ... The tables were then spread with bread and wine, and the Lord's Supper was partaken of, Pres. Cannon being mouth in asking the blessing. We had a very enjoyable time together. ...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

170 years ago today - Oct 5, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
5th Dr Burnhisel spent the Afternoon with me & [we] walked through the city of Boston together. As He had lived with President Joseph Smith & his family for years was with him in prision the morning He was masacreed, our conversation turned upon the subject of his life & death. Among other remarks he informed me that Brother Joseph Addressed his remarks to him alone when He said "I am going as A Lamb to the Slaughter. Yet I shall die with a Concience void of offence towards god and man. I feel as Calm as A summers morning. (And the expression of his Countenance showed that he was so.) "He said it will yet be said of me that He was murdered in Cold blood." Other remarks were made concerning the Saints building up the kingdom of God & there reward for so doing.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

40 years ago today - Oct 4, 1979 -

Eldred G. Smith

Honorably released from duties and granted emeritus status. [This ends the office of Patriarch of the church, once having authority above the Quorum of Twelve].

[Wikipedia, Chronology of the Presiding Patriarchs of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presiding_Patriarch#Chronology_of_the_Presiding_Patriarchs_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints]

85 years ago today - Oct 4, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]
Shortly after ten o'clock I went over to the temple and explained to the Council of the Twelve that I would like to have Brother Clark sustained as a member of the Council of the Twelve and then inasmuch as he was my counselor and I was going to choose Brother David O. McKay to fill the vacancy in the Council of the First Presidency it would leave a vacancy in the Twelve to be filled. A vote was taken supporting Brother Clark to be a member of the Council of the Twelve. Several of the Brethren expressed themselves as delighted that he is to have the honor of ordination to the apostleship.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

110 years ago today - Oct 4, 1909

History of the Church and Americana-- Salt Lake City, Utah.

This letter which went to all Stake Presidents in the Church asks the Stake President to appoint a person in each stake who would act as an agent for The Americana magazine which was currently publishing a "History of the Mormon Church" written by B. H. Roberts. This history so published serially in The Americana from June, 1909, until July, 1915, was later revised by B. H. Roberts, brought up to the date of April 6, 1930, and became the present Comprehensive History of the Church in six volumes....

[Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

115 years ago today - Tuesday, Oct 4, 1904

[Apostle Rudger Clawson]
Quarterly meeting of the Twelve at the temple. ...Pres. Lyman was the first speaker and said that of late he had taken some pains to instruct presidents of stakes and members of this council that they must guard against the occurrence of any more plural marriages. Was pleased, he said, that action had been taken by the Presidency and Twelve to the effect that sealings should no longer be performed outside of the temples. The enemy is on the alert and the brethren should be careful in their public utterances at the coming conference and in the stakes of Zion. It is important that the brethren should be united and entertain harmonious views. ...

Elder Clawson followed ... Rejoiced in the gift of faith, whereby it was an easy matter for him to believe in principles of the gospel as set forth in the scriptures and the miracles of the Bible. There are people in the church, who are naturally, it seems, unbelieving. This was due, he thought, to the fact that there is gentile blood coursing through their veins. Faith also is a gift of God. Spoke of the local situation. Some of our people expressed regrets that Elder Smoot had been sent to congress in view of what had followed. He didn't feel that way, but could see the hand of the Lord in it. The fact that portions of the Book of Covenants, including the revelation of plural marriage, had been copied into the records of the U.S. senate and that President Smith had been called before a committee of the senate to testify to the truth of the work was little less than a miracle in his eyes. ..

Elder Reed Smoot ... thought it a most wonderful thing that President Smith had been permitted to testify before a committee of the United States senate that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God and that as a church we enjoy the spirit of revelation, all of which testimony becomes a part of the records of the senate for all time to come.

Elder Hyrum M. Smith ...spoke a word in favor of President [Theodore] Roosevelt and said he believed him to be a good man because of his love for his wife and children. ...

Elder Geo. A. Smith said that he felt he would like to see the time come when the Twelve could be cut loose from business and secular affairs that they might give themselves wholly to the work of the ministry and yet he realized that, if they devoted all their time to preaching, they would become narrow and bigoted. ...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Oct 4, 1894

[Thomas A. Clawson]
"The main theme this conference has been on the Word of Wisdom and when Prest. Woodruff got up he administered a most stinging rebuke to Patriarch John Smith for failing to observe that counsel given by the Lord in the Word of Wisdom."

[Diary Excerpts of Thomas A. Clawson, Signature Books Library, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Oct 4, 1894

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
[Meeting of the Apostles in the temple] GEORGE TEASDALE rejoiced very much in meeting with his brethren. He endorsed the remarks of Prest. Snow that what was said here would be held sacred by all of us. His heart had been filled with sympathy to overflowing for those wives and children who had been deprived becasue of the law against plural marriage of husbands and fathers and he felt that this Nation would have to suffer the vengeance of the Lord for he felt that the separations that had been caused were simply damnable. He regretted the manner in which some of the brethren had treated their families. He felt that all that we can possibly do to make our families contented should be done. ...

[Apostle] John Henry Smith . . . Referring to the schemes which the First Presidency put on foot from time to time, he had felt that they should get the approval of at least seven of the Apostles before making any more of importance . . .

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Oct 4, 1894

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]
Our financial condition individually and as a Church. One half of the Twelve are embarrassed and the others are, free financially. We all love each other. All prophesy good is ahead for Israel.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Oct 4, 1879

3rd District Court decrees that $999,632.90.of Brigham Young's estate actually belongs to the LDS Church.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

140 years ago today - Oct 4, 1879

The first edition of the Contributor, which became the official publication of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association, was issued. It was published until 1896.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

175 years ago today - Oct 4, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
I rode on to Simsbury & stoped at Aunt Cossetts. She was deranged I lade hands upon her and rebuked the Spirit by which she was bound & she immediately seemed to be some better. ...

I retired to rest and had the following dream: I thought their was A large building standing in Nauvoo Joining my house. Appeared to be filled with lumber and many men to work in it. I saw the foundation of it begin to give way. I run in to warn the people to leave it but it fell with a mighty crash while I was in it. I narrowly escaped being killed, but got out without injury. I then saw my own dwelling brick house in Nauvoo the foundation of it to give way. I went into that to warn my family to leave it but it fell with us in it but I got out & my wife with her child in her arms all safe. The interpetation I shall understand before many days.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - 1834. October 4

[Founder of the Primary and feminist]
(Aurelia S. Rogers) Her family joined the Church and moved to Nauvoo when she was seven. Aurelia learned to smoke a pipe at her grandmother's knee, but finally responded to a "monitor within that told me it was wrong, and what it would lead to if persisted in: I should be, if I lived, an old lady smoker. This thought disgusted me, for I never did like to see women smoke."

Aurelia was only thirteen when her mother died during the Nauvoo exodus. Orson Spencer related the last days of his wife's life: "Under the influence of a severe cold, she gradually wasted away, telling her children, from time to time, how she wanted them to live and conduct themselves, when they should become motherless and pilgrims in a strange land."

Aurelia and her older sister Ellen cared for the other four children in Winter Quarters while their father filled a mission to England.

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

45 years ago today - Oct 03, 1974

Barbara B. Smith is called as the tenth general president of the Relief Society, with Janath Russell Cannon and Marian Richards Boyer as counselors.