85 years ago today - Sep 15, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]
[At Chicago] I called on a Mr. Roderick Grant at the Associated Press. I was introduced to him by a Chicago Northwestern official. I tried to get him to insert the statement by the Presidency about the book 'Holy Murder' as a press dispatch. I gave him a copy of the document but I doubt that he will put it in.

["Holy Hurder" was a book about Porter Rockwell written by Charles Kelly & Hoffman Birney]

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Sep 15, 1894 (Saturday)

The Democratic convention, held in Salt Lake City, nominated Joseph L. Rawlins for Congress.

[Heber J. Grant is called to speak, and endorses Rawlins].

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

135 years ago today - Sep 15, 1884

Eliza R. Snow writes in EXPONENT, and LDS women's journal, of women blessing one another through laying on of hands and washing and anointing: "Any and all sisters who honor their holy endowments, not only have the right, but should feel it a duty, whenever called upon to administer to our sisters in these ordinances, which God had graciously committed to His daughters as well as to His sons; and we testify that when administered and received in faith and humility they are accompanied with all mighty power. . . . thousands can testify that God has sanctioned the administration of these ordinances [of healing the sick] by our sisters with the manifestation of His healing influence."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Sep 15, 1884 (Monday)

Wm. C.A. Smoot, jun., missionary in Germany, was arrested in Kiel, for baptising a woman. He was held a prisoner until Oct. 7th, when he was acquitted, but nevertheless banished from the city.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Sep 15, 1854

[Hosea Stout]
Friday 15 Sept 1854. To day the 2 indians Longhair & Antelope were executed, according to the sentence of the Court on the first instant.

They were hung some two miles below the Jordain bridge on the other side of the river. There was not a very large company of spectators present from the fact that the place of their execution was kept secret untill the procession started with the two Indians. Col Steptoe & a company of the U. S. Dragoons by request of the Marshal were present.

Nothing of importance took place on the occasion more than is common[.] This is the first execution ever had in the Territory of Utah

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

190 years ago today - Sep 15, 1829

Prophet George Rapp of the Rappites or New Harmonists, predicts (14 miles south of Harmony, PA) that the three and one half years of the Sun Woman would end and Christ would begin his reign on earth.

[Brooke, John L. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology, 1644-1844. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994. p.282]

195 years ago today - Sep 15, 1824

WAYNE SENTINAL (Palmyra, N.Y.) reports "A reformation is going on in this town to a great extent. The love of God has been shed abroad in the hearts of many, and the outpouring of the Spirit seems to have taken a strong hold. About twenty-five have recently obtained a hope in the Lord, and joined the Methodist Church, and many more are desirous of becoming members."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

15 years ago today - Sep 14, 2004

ACLU files brief with the Tenth Circuit Court.

[The Main Street Plaza Time Line: http://www.mormonlawyers.com/2008/07/main-st-plaza-mormons-1-aclu-0.html]

40 years ago today - Sep 14, 1979

The WASHINGTON POST devotes the entire top of a page to a photograph of the banner flown by the tow plane over the neighborhood where and LDS area conference is being held: "Mother in Heaven Loves Mormons for ERA." This is the only mention of the conference in the newspaper.

Mark Hofmann and Doralee Olds are sealed for time and eternity in the Salt Lake Temple.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

105 years ago today - Sep 14, 1914; Monday

During the school periods 1904-1905, and 1905-1906, I delivered a series of lectures entitled, "Jesus the Christ", under the auspices of the University Sunday School. The sessions were held during Sunday forenoons in Barratt hall. I received written appointment from the First Presidency to embody the lectures in a book to be published for the use of the Church in general. Work on this appointment has been suspended from time to time owing to other duties being imposed upon me. Lately, however, I have been asked to prepare the matter for the book with as little delay as possible. Experiences demonstrated that neither in my comfortable office nor in the convenient study room at home can I be free from visits and telephone calls, in consequence of this condition, and in view of the importance of the work, I have been directed to occupy a room in the Temple where I will be free from interruption. I began the work in the Temple today and hope that I shall be able to devote necessary time thereto.

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

125 years ago today - Sep 14, 1894

[Franklin D. Richards]
At 11-30 met Apostle Moses Thatcher & deliberated, then we went to Pres[iden]ts. Office. I asked the 3 Pres[iden]ts if they would grant me Moses, J[ohn]. T. Caine, C[harles]. W. Penrose & one of my sons F[ranklin] S R[ichards], or C[harles] C R[ichards] an interview & if so when. Reply call at 2 P.M. & get answer.

At 2 p.m. declined an interview W[ilford]. W[oodruff]. & J[oseph]. F. S[mith]. willing the brethren should make all proper efforts on both sides to carry their parties only not to slander, throw dirt, & be mean each other. About 3 p.m. I met M[oses] T]hatcher]. F[ranklin] S R[ichards]. C[harles] C R[ichards], & C[harles] W. Penrose at F[ranklin] S R[ichards] office & reported.

Pres[iden]t. W[ilford]. W[oodruff]. approved F[ranklin] S R[ichards], C[harles] C R[ichards] in their courses as proper & right. J[oseph] F S[mith] rather the celebration was now partisan.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

155 years ago today - Sep 14, 1864

[Brigham Young Sermon]
President Said He should Call up the Cases of those who had been Called to go to the Cotton Country & had not gone but neglected their mission & that if he was to give a revelation Concerning them it would be that they should be Cut off from the Church. -- St. George, Utah

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal. 9 Vols. Scott G. Kenney, ed. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1983-85. 6:187 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Sep 14, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... it is a great mystery to the world that the LDS are so attached to each other and forsaking fathers, mothers, wives, and children, goods and chattels and every thing calculated to bind men to earth - this is a marvel to all - in the days of the Apostles and in the latter times, when the kingdom should be on the face of the earth, this spirit binds the hearts of its adherents together and every woman will forsake their husbands even for the gospels sake and this is verified in this our day - strange as it is - and cleave to those who love the gospel - and we cannot help it - if my father, mother, brothers, and sisters reject the gospel, farewell father mother brothers and sisters. I am for the kingdom of heaven.

... thousands are crying by day and night to the Lord that they may get to this place - I am for raising a perpetual fund for the benefit of the poor - we have appointed a company to collect means

... the heavens have been opened to my views and I know as well as old Peter did - its for me to tell you what the Lord wants you to do today - I just know that the Lord requires this - and we have got to put it to usury, or it will canker our souls - and we have to prepare ourselves for the coming of the Son of Man pestilence worse than the cholera, distress and dismay will cover the earth. -- Cottonwood, Utah

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 9-12-5, 25-27 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Sep 14, 1839

Joseph Smith, Sr., died Nauvoo, age 69.

[Ludlow, Daniel H. editor, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan Publishing, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History, http://amzn.to/eG0DIp]

180 years ago today - Sep 14, 1839

[Brigham Young]
I started from Montrose on my mission to England. My health was so poor I was unable to go thirty rods to the river without assistance.

After I had crossed the river I got Israel Barlow to carry me on his horse, behind him, to Heber C. Kimball's, where I remained sick till the 18th. I left my wife sick, with a babe only ten days old, and all my children sick and unable to wait upon each other.

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

75 years ago today - Sep 13, 1944

A Family Home Evening Committee, formed under the direction of the General Board of the Relief Society, reported to the First Presidency that a "Family Hour," or "Family Get-Together" be adopted, in which the objective would for families to be united in teaching the Gospel and strengthening testimonies of family members. They also recommend that the Priesthood quorums and Auxiliaries support the program, with a major encouragement coming from the First Presidency itself.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

75 years ago today - Sep 13, 1944

[Because of the war]
The attendance at the Conference (115th Semiannual) because of increasing difficulty in transportation, both by automobile and by railroad train, will be limited.

[1944-September 13-Original circular letter, L.D.S. as quoted in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

125 years ago today - Sep 13, 1894

[Heber J. Grant]
At two attended meeting of the Presidency and Apostles in the Temple. .../I stated that I felt that the Presiding Patriarch of the Church should be told to keep the Word of Wisdom in regard to using tobacco or resign his office. There was no action taken on my suggestion. Nearly all of the brethren who spoke felt that there should be a reformation in the life of our Presiding Patriarch. Some agreed with me that he should resign if he did not reform.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Sep 13, 1884

Our Bishops and Presidents of Stakes cannot be too particular in giving [temple] recommends to parties, so that those who are unworthy may not have the privileges and blessings which are to be had in the house of the Lord. It is desirable that all recommends for sea[l]ings, adoptions and other anointings shall first be sent to the City for my signature as has been heretofore set forth in instructions given on those points.

[John Taylor to John D. T. McAllister and David H. Cannon, Sept. 13, 1884 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

180 years ago today - 13-Sep 14, 1839

[Lucy Mack Smith]
Joseph Jr. visits William Smith at Plymouth. His sister Lucy is healed at the sound of his voice downstairs.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

45 years ago today - Sep 12, 1974

Elder Gordon B. Hinckley offers an invocation at the U.S. Congress.

50 years ago today - Sep 12, 1969

President [N. Eldon] Tanner said that President [O. Leslie] Stone of the Salt Lake Temple had called to his attention the large number of marriages in the Temple and the problems involved in requiring members of families who wish to witness the marriages to remove their street shoes and wear white shoes. President Stone mentions the confusion that often develops, that shoes become misplaced and in some cases people take shoes that are not their own, etc. He wonders if this custom could not be changed and permit those who come to witness the ceremony to wear their street shoes. The brethren felt that we should continue the present rule that street shoes should not be worn.

[David O. McKay diary, Sept. 12, 1969 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - Sep 12, 1904

You have seen the scheme of [Idaho Senator Fred T.] Dubois. He wants to disfrancise all the Mormons, and hopes to buil[d] up an anti-mormon party in Idaho that will carry him back to the Senate. He is one of the most cunning and unscrupulous men found. Pres[ident]. [Joseph F.] Smith said that when he was at Washington [D.C.] Dubois had just been brought out of a brothel, and could hardly talk to make himself understood until he got over the effects of his revelry, and yet the temperance women and the virtuous school marms hold him up as a defender of the purity of the home! ... There are hundred of apostates who would like to empty themselves of venom, and it will go before the nation as evidence [that the church was still sanctioning plural marriages]. Pres[ident]. Smith's position before the committee [that plural marriages had ceased] has made a good impression. Pres[ident]. [Theodore] Roosevelt said he honored him for taking it and if it can be proved that what he said about the Church is true he will be our friend, but if he should find that the Church has broken its promises, he will be against us. ...

[Note: plural marriages continued by at least two apostles after the April 1904 2nd Manifesto. They would be removed from the quorum of Twelve.]

[Anthon H. Lund, Letter to Heber J. Grant, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Sep 12, 1894

Pres[iden]t [Lorenzo] Snow informed me he had not been able to obtain information why women were required to vail their faces when at prayer in the Temple.

[Samuel W. Richards diary, Sept. 12, 1894 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

135 years ago today - Sep 12, 1884

[Eliza R. Snow to brances of the Relief Society]
... "Should members of the Relief Society go to the Bishops for counsel?"

The Relief Society is designed to be a self-governing organization: to relieve the Bishops as well as to relieve the poor, to deal with its members, correct abuses, etc. If difficulties arise between members of a branch which they cannot settle between the members themselves, aided by the teachers, instead of troubling the Bishop, the matter should be referred to their president and her counselors. If the branch board cannot decide satisfactorily, an appeal to the stake board is next in order; if that fails to settle the question, the next step brings it before the general board, from which the only resort is to the Priesthood; but, if possible, we should relieve the Bishops instead of adding to their multitudinous labors.

"Is it necessary for sisters to be set apart to officiate in the sacred ordinances of washing anointing, and laying on of hands in administering to the sick?"

It certainly is not. Any and all sisters who honor their holy endowments, not only have the right, but should feel it a duty, whenever called upon to administer to our sisters in these ordinances, which God has graciously committed to His daughters as well as to His sons; and we testify that when administered and received in faith and humility they are accompanied with all mighty power.

Inasmuch as God our Eather [Father] has revealed these sacred ordinances and committed them to His Saints, it is not only our privilege but our imperative duty to apply them for the relief of human suffering. We think we may safely say thousands can testify that God has sanctioned the administration of these ordinances by our sisters with the manifestations of His healing influence. ...

E. R. Snow Smith.

Salt Lake City, September 12th., 1884.

[4.14 Eliza R. Snow, "To the Branches of the Relief Society," September 12, 1884, as quoted in Matthew J. Grow, Jill Derr, Carol Madsen, and Kate Holbrook, editors, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, The Church Historian's Press, 2016, https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/]

170 years ago today - Sep 12, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff ]
Sister Baldwin was attacked at our house this morning with sum thing like the Cholera. We laid Hands upon her & rebuked the desease & she was healed almost instantly. Got up dressed herself eat breakfast & went in to Boston.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - 140 years ago - Sep 11, 1879

... The Hale family was greatly exasperated [by Joseph and Emma's "elopement"], and perhaps it would not have been safe for Smith to have shown himself at his father-in-law's house. Emma was or had been the idol or favorite of the family, and they all still felt a strong attachment for her, and the permission to return and reconciliation was effected and accomplished by her and perhaps her sister, Mrs. [Elizabeth] Wasson, who lived near Bainbridge, N.Y. The permission for Smith to return all came from the other side, not from Mr. Isaac Hale or his family in Harmony, Pa. ...

[Hiel Lewis]

[Wilhelm Ritter von Wymetal, Joseph Smith, the Prophet, His Family and His Friends (Salt Lake City: Tribune Printing and Publishing Co., 1886), 75., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Hiel Lewis To James T. Cobb]

160 years ago today - 160 years ago - Sep 11, 1859

In the evening Pres[ident]. D[aniel]. H. Wells, Orson Hyde, Jno. [John] Taylor, Erastus Snow, Geo[rge]. A. Smith, W[ilford]. Woodruff of the Quorum of the Twelve met at the office and conversed upon the bringing the red men to the truth, the degeneracy of the nations when they lose the Spirit of the Lord. Pres[ident]. B[righam]. Young observed the great differences that now exist among the nations arises from a cause similar to Jacob's plan to make the sheep speckled & ring tailed by peeling hazel rods, recorded in the Book of Genesis.

[President's Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

15 years ago today - Sep 11, 2004

[Joseph Smith Papers project]
The Deseret News reports that "[t]he first volumes of the comprehensive compilation of Smith's writings is scheduled for 2005."

[Joseph Smith Papers Timeline: History of the Joseph Smith Papers Project, MormonWasp Blog (defunct)]

20 years ago today - Sep 11, 1999

Gordon B. Hinckley, President of the LDS Church, dedicates a new monument to the victims of the 1857 massacre. He says, "[The past] cannot be changed. It is time to leave the entire matter to God."

[Exploring Mormonism: Mountain Meadows Massacre Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/mountain-meadows-massacre-timeline/]

80 years ago today - Sep 11, 1939

[President Heber J. Grant Diary]
The First Presidency were together awhile and I told them I thought maybe I ought to go away for a week or two and have a rest and call on the Twentieth Century-Fox Film people and make sure they were not going to use anything from the book written by Vardis Fisher. I asked Brother John A. Widtsoe to mark a lot of passages that I ought to read in the book, which he did. I requested Brother Harold B. Lee to call on Parker P. Robison and inquire about our Segolite Soap business. ...

Tonight I read a number of passages in the book 'Children of God' which Brother Widtsoe has marked for me. I am thoroughly disgusted with what a dirty, miserable, contemptible book it is. There ought to be a law that such a book would not be permitted to go through the mail.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Sep 11, 1884

Harvey Fletcher, later an internationally recognized research scientist and the "father of the stereophonic sound," is born in Provo, Utah.

135 years ago today - Sep 11, 1884

A letter from former Mormon and Godbeite Henry Lawrence appears in the DESERET NEWS explaining the Liberal party's reason for opposing raising property taxes to build a new public school in Salt Lake City's Eighth Latter-day Saint Ward (until 1890 school districts in the city coincided with Mormon church ward boundaries).

"[First] Utah schools are not free from sectarian biases and influences, not withstanding the statements of the Church party to the contrary.

[Second] a large proportion of the present Territorial school fund is derived from a tax on the property of non-Mormons, who educate their children outside of the district schools. Members of the Liberal Party, and non-Mormons in general, send their children to private schools, not public ones.

[Third] When the time shall come that the school teachers are selected with more regard for their ability for teaching than for their allegiance to a certain creed, then, no doubt, the Liberals will not only send their children to the district schools, but contribute freely for their support."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Sep 11, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Story: "A Warning to Tobacco Chewers" -- Editorial -- Humorous account of a tobacco chewer falling asleep with it in his mouth, swallowing it, and dying. It states, "When will men give up the use of this licentious and poisonous weed?"

... - Story: "Trial of Elder Rigdon" -- Editorial -- Describes Elder Rigdon's trial for unchristian like conduct, by his alleged desire to divide the church with false prophecy. Announces his disfellowshipment, along with others....

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

95 years ago today - Sep 10, 1924

Boyd K. Packer, later a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, is born in Brigham City, Utah.

175 years ago today - Sep 10, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball marriage]
wife #3. Ann Alice Gheen, 1827-1879; 5 children: Samuel, Daniel, Andrew, Alice, Sarah (Seckels).

[Hatch, Charles M. and Compton, Todd M. editors, 'A Widow's Tale: 1884-1896 Diary of Helen Mar Kimball Whitney' p. 37]

175 years ago today - Sep 10, 1844

ONE HUNDRED YEARS HENCE. 1945.

God, through his servants the prophets, has given all men a clue to the future. In view of this, we were cogitating upon our bed the other night, what would be the state of the world a hundred years hence. In quick succession the events and periods which have filled up nearly six thousand years passed before our mind's eyes, together with the accompanying, " Thus saith the Lord, I will destroy the earth with a flood, after one hundred and twenty years. There shall be seven years of plenty and seven years of famine in Egypt. Israel shall be held captive in Babylon till the land enjoys her Sabbath's seventy years;" and then came Daniel's numbers; and the exact time when the Saviour should be was born, his crucifixion, and second coming.

While thus looking over the "has beens," we fell into a deep sleep, and the angel of our presence came to the bedside and gently said, "Arise" Now, it mattereth not whether we were in the body or out of it; asleep or awake ; on earth or in heaven ; or upon the water or in the air; the sum of the matter is like this:—Our guide, for such we shall call the angel or being that conveyed us, soon brought us in sight of a beautiful city.

As we were nearing the place, a "pillar of fire," seemingly over the most splendid building, lit the city and country for a great distance around, and as we came by, The Temple Of The Lord In Zion, in letters of a pure language, and sparkling like diamonds, disclosed where we were. Our guide went round the city in order to give ns s chance to "count the towers;" and, as it was nearly sunrise, he conducted us into one, that we might have a fair chance to view the glory of Zion by daylight. We seemed to be swallowed up in sublimity. The "pillar of fire" as the sun rose majestically mellowing into a "white cloud," as a shade for the city from heat. The dwellings, so brilliant by night, had the appearance of "precious stones," and the streets glittered like gold, and we marvelled. "Marvel not," said our guide, " this is the fulfilment of the words of Isaiah:—' For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thine officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.' "

Now the eyes of our understanding began to be quickened, and we learned that we were one hundred years ahead of "common life," and we glorified. The "veil" that hides our view from the glory of the upper deep had been taken away, and all things appeared to us as to the Lord. The great earthquake mentioned by John, and other prophets before him, had levelled the mountains over the whole earth:—the "sea" had rolled back as it was in the beginning, the crooked was mode straight, and the rough places plain. The earth yielded her "increase," and the knowledge of God exalted man to the society of resurrected beings. The melody and prayers of the morning in Zion, showed that the "Lord was there," and truly Lo ; for, after breakfast the chariot of Jesus Christ was made ready for a pleasure ride; and the chariots of his "hundred and forty-four thousand" glittered in the retinue of " earth's greatest and best," so gloriously, that the show exhibited the splendour of gods, whose Father's name they bore on the front of their crowns)

Our curiosity excited us to inquire, what day they celebrated? To which the guide replied, "This is the Feast-day of the Lord to Joseph And Hyrum Smith, for being martyred for the truth, held yearly on the 7th day of the fourth month, throughout all the tribes of Israel!"

Flesh and blood cannot comprehend the greatness of the scene; the worthy of the earth, with Adam at their head; the martyrs of the different dispensations, with Abel at their head; and honourable men from other worlds composed an assemblage of majesty, dignity, and divinity so much above the little pageantry of man in his self-made greatness, that we almost forgot that mortals ever enjoyed anything more than misery, in all the pomp and circumstance of maris power over man ! This was a feast-day for truth! This was the reward of integrity —This was the triumph of " kings and priests" unto God, and was a holiday of eternity! Who could be happier than he that was among the holy throng ? No one; and away we rode out of Zion among her stakes.

At the first city out, we found the Bame spirit—All Were One. While there, the following news, by post, came from the east. It was read from one of the papers just published that morning.

ONE HUNDRED YEARS HENCE.

"In digging for the foundation of our new Temple in the 124th city of Joseph, near where it is supposed the city of New York once stood, a large square stone was taken from the ruins of some building, which, by a seam in it, indicated more than mere stone. The seam being opened, disclosed a lead box about six by eight inches square. This box was soon found to contain several daily papers of its time, together with some coin of the old government of the United States. It will be recollected that all the inhabitants of this city, which were spared from calamity, were 'slung out when the earth was turned upside down,' some forty or fifty years ago for their wickedness."

The account of "fires" in one of these papers was truly lamentable, destroying, as the paper said, more than twenty-Five millions worth of property in about three months. Each contained a large number of murders, suicides, riots, robberies, and hints of war expected, with columns of divisions among the sectarian churches about "slavery, Onderdonking, and the right way." The Archer of Paradise remarked, as these horrors of "old tiroes" were being read, that "all that was transacted in the last days of Babylon, before Satan was bound." Joseph Smith said, "Lord, we will put those papers and coin in the repository of relics and curiosities of Satan's kingdom of the old world which was agreed to by all, after exhibiting the coin. The Silver coin contained the words "United States of America," and "half dollar," round the image of an eagle on one side, and a woman sitting upon the word "Liberty," and holding up a night cap, between thirteen stars over " 1845," on the other.

The only idea that could be gathered from all this was, that the government had fallen from the splendour of an eagle to the pleasure of women, and was holding up the night cap, as a token that the only liberty enjoyed then, was star-light liberty, because their deeds were evil.

Another coin had the appearance of gold, with "fire dollars" upon it, but upon close examination it was found to be nothing but fine brass.

While this was going on, the Lord said, "beware of the leven of old.—Let us enjoy our day."

In a moment this band of brethren were off, and what could equal the view? No veil, no voice; the heavens were in their glory, and the angels were ascending and descending. The earth was in its beauty; the wolves and sheep; the calves and lions; the behemoth and the buffalo; the child and the serpent, enjoyed life without fear, and all men were one.

As we were passing to another city, amid all this perfection of the reign of Jesus before his ancients gloriously, we discovered the fragment of a hewn stone, of a lightish blue colour, with an abbreviated word " Mo," and the figures "1838" upon it. To which the "Lion of the Lord" exclaimed, "The wicked are turned into hell, and forgotten, but the righteous reign with God in glory," and it seemed as if the echo came from a redeemed world—"glory."

At about two, after five hours' ride among the cities and stakes of Zion, we returned to the capital, to partake of the feast, of the martyrs.

The preparation was perfect. A table through the grove of Zion, for more than three hundred thousand saints, where Jesus Christ sat at the head of the fathers and mothers, sons and daughters of Israel, was a sight which the world, even Babylon in its best days, never witnessed. Says Jesus, as every eye turned upon him,

"Our Father, and thine, Bless me and mine. Amen."

After the feast (the sentiments, words of wisdom, and other touching matters were to be published in Zo-ma-rah, or Pure News, and are omitted) we stepped into the News Room, and the first article in the Pure News, which attracted our attention, was, the Minutes of the General Conference, held in Zion, on the 14th day of the first month, A. D., 1945, when it was motioned by Joseph Smith, and seconded by John the Revelator, " That/forty-eight new cities be laid out and built, this year, in accordance with the prophets which have said, 'who can number Israel? who can count the dust of Jacob? Let him fill the earth with cities.

'Carried unanimously."

Twelve of these cities to be laid out beyond eighteen degrees north, for the tribes of Reuben, Judah and Levi. Twelve on the east, at the same distance, for the tribes of Joseph, Benjamin, and Dan. Twelve on the south, at the same distance, for the tribes of Simeon, Issacher, and Zebulon; and twelve on the west, at the same distance, for the tribes of Gad, Asher, and Napthali.

The paper contained a notice for the half yearly conference, as follows:

"The general half yearly conference will be held at Jerusalem, on the 14th day of the seventh month, alternately with the yearly conference in Zion.

" It is proposed that the high way cast up between the two cities of our God, be decorated with fruit and shade trees between the cities and Villages, (which are only eighty furlongs apart), for the accommodation of wayfaring men of Israel. Gabriel has brought from paradise some seeds of fruit and grain which were originally in the Garden of Eden, and will greatly add to the comfort and convenience of man."

While we were engaged in reading, a strain of music from some of the "sweet singers of Israel," came so mellowly over our sensations for a moment, that we hardly knew whether the angels or saints of the millenium, were chanting a vesper to their Saviour. We were so delighted with the performance as we saw the "musical chariot" pass, filled with young men and maidens, all in white robes, that we only remember the following verses •—

"Death and Satan being banish'd; And the ' veil' for ever vanish'd; All the earth's again replenished, And in beauty appears: So we'll sing hallelujah's; While we worship our Saviour, And fill the world with cities Through the "great thousand years.'"

Our eye next caught a map showing the earth as it was and is. We were delighted with the earth as it is. Four rivers headed a little south of Zion, for Zion, is situated in "the side of the north." The first river is called "Passon," and runs west. The second is called "Giau," and runs south. The third is called "Haudakal," and runs north; and the fourth is called "The Fraters," and runs east. These four rivers divide the earth into four quarters, as it were in the days of Adam, and with their tributaries give an uninterrupted water communication over the face of the world, for in the beginning the earth was not called "finished" till it was "very good," for every thing.

By the paper we were reading, we learned that rain was expected in the beginning of the seventh month, according to the law of the Lord, for the promise is, "it shall rain moderately in the first and seventh month, that the ploughman may overtake the reaper."

Contemplating the greatness of the earth in its glory, with Jesus Christ for her king, president, and lawgiver, with such wise counsellors as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, Peter, and Joseph, we were imperceptibly led to exclaim, "Great is the wisdom, great is the glory, and great is the power of man with his Maker"—when on a sudden our guide came in and said, "you must drink wine with the Lord in his kingdom and then return." This we did, and many things which we saw are not lawful to utter, and can only be known as we learned them, by the assistance of a guardian angel.

When we were ready to return, our guide observed, "perhaps you would like to look through the urim and thummim of God, upon the abominations of the world in the day of its sin." "Yes," was our reply, and he handed us the "holy instrument." One look, and the soul sickened. Eye hath not seen, ear hath not heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man what folly, corruptions, and abominations are wrought among men to gratify the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the cunning of the devil. But they shall come. We returned, and awoke, perfectly enamoured with the beauty and glory of Zion to be, as well us the splendour and harmony of the "feast of the martyrs;" determining in our mind, at some future day to give a sketch of the Temple wherein Jesus sat and reigned with the righteous, when there was "not a Canaanite in the land," nor anything to hurt or destroy in all the holy mountain—when the earth should be full of the knowledge of God as the waters cover the sea. In short, the heavenly reality of one hundred years hence.

["ONE HUNDRED YEARS HENCE. 1945" authored by John Taylor, Parley P. Pratt or W. W. Phelps -- as reprinted in the Millennial Star (originally in the Nauvoo Neighbor).]

175 years ago today - 1844 10 Sept.

The Nauvoo high council releases William Marks as stake president because he favors Rigdon's claim.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Sep 10, 1844

Brigham Young (aged 43) marriage to Clarissa Ross (1814-1857) (aged 30) first marriage 4 children; mother of Maria Young Dougall and Willard Young

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

185 years ago today - Sep 10, 1834

The high council in Clay County meets. ... First elders for Kirtland endowment are nominated. Zion's Camp members are to apply for discharges from Lyman Wight and missionary certificates from Edward Partridge.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

5 years ago today - Sept 9 2014

Church sends letter to all Priesthood leaders, directing doubting members to a series of essays published in the Gospel Topics section of LDS.org

[Chronology of Mormon History (Mormon Stories), http://www.mormonstories.org/truth-claims/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

35 years ago today - Sep 9, 1984

CHURCH NEWS article on the "Salamander Letter" explains that the letter's "white salamander" was only Martin Harris's use of "language and symbolism." "If you look the word up in the Oxford Dictionary it has many uses and meanings not known to the modern world, not just the amphibian we think of today. By the time of Martin Harris, the word also meant angel. It also referred to brave soldiers who would run into the heat of battle. The bravest soldiers in the French Revolution were known as salamanders." It is later revealed that the letter was forged by Mark Hofmann

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

75 years ago today - Sep 9, 1944

A Deseret News Church Section article "Primary Boys Make Quilts."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Sep 9, 1944

[First Presidency message]
Since the Church is worldwide with many thousands of our members citizens of the enemy countries-members who deeply love their homeland, and who individually are no more responsible for this terrible holocaust than we have been-we feel it is essential that the Church as such should make its observance of "V-Day" of a character that would not grieve or wound the feelings of those whose mother country is one of the enemy states.

[Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

95 years ago today - Sep 09, 1924

Russell M. Nelson, later a heart surgeon and a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, is born in Salt Lake City, Utah.

130 years ago today - Sep 9, 1889

First Counselor George Q. Cannon writes "President Woodruff, in reply, said . . . I feel that it is not proper for any marriages of this kind to be performed in this territory at the present time . . . He intimated, however, that such marriages might be solemnized in Mexico or Canada . . . I made no reply; for I was not fully prepared to endorse these remarks, and therefore thought it better to say nothing. . . . This is the first time that I have heard President Woodruff express himself so plainly upon this subject, and therefore I was not prepared to fully acquiesce in his expressions; for, to me, it is an exceedingly grave question, and it is the first time that anything of this kind has ever been uttered to my knowledge, by one holding the keys" Woodruff had previously made public statements that no more plural marriages were to be performed. This is the first time Cannon had heard him express it privately.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Sep 9, 1849 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
Brigham Young presented to the congregation in Great Salt Lake City the subject of a Perpetual Fund to gather the poor. -- SLC Bowery

[Journal History of the Church, Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 2 (2002) as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

55 years ago today - Sep 8, 1964

At a meeting of the First Presidency, the Brethren expressed concern about the thrust of the new correlation program. President Tanner expressed concern that it might organize the church "where it would be somewhat in the nature of regimentation," and he thought it should be "very carefully checked" before proceeding fully. Pres. McKay agreed and said that "the first presidency would go over it to get it clearly in their minds before it [was] given out to the whole Church."

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

50 years ago today - Sep 8, 1969

BYU president Ernest L. Wilkinson writes: "If the gospel were not true, some of the [church's] authorities with their internal disputes would have ruined it long ago"

100 years ago today - Sep 8, 1919

[Richard R. Lyman]
B. H. Roberts spoke at tabernacle in answer to Maj. J. Reuben Clark Jr'He was too well prepared'read too much and tried to cover too much ground.

No man can hold a tabernacle full of people 3 hrs by reading.

[Richard R. Lyman Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Sep 8, 1914

[Letter from First Presidency]
In accord with the request of the President of the United States that on Sunday, October 4th, 1914, prayers be offered in all the churches throughout the land in behalf of peace for the nations now at war, we hereby call upon the Latter-day Saints to observe that day as a day of prayer for peace, both in their family devotions and their public services. We deplore the calamities which have come upon the people in Europe [WWI], the terrible slaughter of brave men, the awful sufferings of women and children, and all the disasters that are befalling the world in consequence of the impending conflicts, and earnestly hope and pray that they may be brought to a speedy end. JOSEPH F. SMITH, ANTHON H. LUND, CHARLES W. PENROSE, First Presidency. {1914-September 8-Original circular (no date). Church}

[Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

140 years ago today - Sep 8, 1879

At council till dusk about danger of brethren recently sealed by plural wives Espionage.

[Franklin D. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - Sep 8, 1844

A special council publicly excommunicates Sidney Rigdon for his succession claim in opposition to the Twelve. Rigdon is not present. Before the membership votes "President Young arose and requested the congregation to place themselves so that they could see all who voted. We want to know who goes for Sidney and who are for the Twelve." Ten Mormons who vote in favor of Rigdon at this meeting are suspended from fellowship pending trial before the High Council, an action to be extended to all "who shall hereafter be found advocating his principles." Benjamin Winchester, a prominent elder, writes: "As regards the trial of Elder Rigdon at Nauvoo, it was a forced affair, got up by the Twelve to get him out of their way, that they might the better arrogate to themselves higher authority than they ever had, or anybody ever dreamed they would have; and also (as they perhaps hope) to prevent a complete exposé of the spiritual wife system, which they knew would deeply implicate themselves." William Clayton writes, "There was a good feeling among the people and a bad feeling among the Rigdonites." A final irony to the meeting was Brigham Young's use of the DOCTRINE & COVENANTS's justification for the High Council to "sit in judgement against any of the first presidency." He tacitly, and possibly unwittingly, admits that a First Presidency is still intact and that Rigdon is still first counselor.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Sep 8, 1844

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... On Tuesday last, I heard that elder Rigdon had a meeting the night previous, and had ordained men to be prophets, priests and kings. I concluded to go and see elder Rigdon, and asked elder Hyde to go with me. We went into his house, and after the usual compliments, I set down directly opposite him, and took hold of his hand. I looked him right in the face and asked him if he had a meeting last night, here, in which men were ordained to be prophets, priests and kings? He replied no, we had no meeting here; had we brother Soby?

"Well, did you have a meeting anywhere, brother Rigdon, in which men were ordained to be prophets, priests and kings?"

"Well, I don't know; did we have a meeting last night, brother Soby? Yes, I believe there was one last night; wasn't there brother Soby, up at your house?"

I saw the disposition of elder Rigdon to conceal the truth and equivocate, and I determined to know the whole secret. I said to him again, "Elder Rigdon, did you not ordain those men at that meeting last night?"

He replied, "yes, I suppose I did."

I then asked brother Rigdon, by what authority he ordained prophets, priests and kings?

With a very significant air he replied "oh, I know all about that!"

I will not attempt to describe the feelings I had, nor the look of his countenance, but he equivocated very much. He said there was no meeting here last night, and then finally said, I believe there was a meeting at brother Soby's. I questioned him till he acknowledged that they ordained men to be prophets, priests and kings.

I then asked brother Rigdon; "do you not think, really, that you hold keys and authority above any man, or set of men in this church, even the Twelve?"

Says he, "I never taught any such doctrine, did I, brother Soby?"

Says I, "brother Rigdon, tell me the truth, do you not think so?"

He replied, "yes I do."

Says I, "that tells the whole story. Brother Joseph never undertook such important business as you are engaged in, without consulting his brethren, and especially the Twelve, if they were present." I felt delicate in asking elder Rigdon these questions, but I knew it was my duty to find out the secret of the whole matter. To evade answering the questions put to him, he finally said don't crowd upon my feelings too much; my feelings are tender, and I don't wish to be crowded. ...

President Young said further that the Twelve are to be regarded as witnesses in this trial, and not judges. We present ourselves before the High Council as witnesses, and we are prepared to bring other testimony forward if necessary. There may be some who will say that this is not a fair trial, because the opposite party are not here. They have had sufficient notice and time to make their objections, and if they don't appear to make their defence it will prove to me that they are guilty. Elder Rigdon has not conducted himself like a man of God, he has not conducted like a prophet of God, nor a counsellor to the first president, since he came here. We prefer these charges against him, and the High Council will be obliged to act. [Nauvoo, Illinois - T&S 5:647-649]

[Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

185 years ago today - Sept. 8th, 1834

[Kirtland Council Minutes]
Brother A. Palmer made a few observations, and proceeded to present a case which had previously occasioned some difficulty in the church. It was that a certain brother Carpenter had been tried for a fault before the church when the Church gave him a certain time to reflect whether he would acknowledge or not. Brother Gordon at the time spake in tongues and declared that brother Carpenter should not have any lenity. He, brother Palmer, wished instruction on this point, whether they had proceeded right or not, as brother Carpenter was dissatisfied &c.

Brother Joseph then proceeded to give an explanation of the gift of tongues: That it was particularly instituted for the preaching of the Gospel to other nations and languages, but it was not given for the government of the Church. He further said, if brother Gordon introduced the Gift of tongues as a testimony against brother Carpenter, that it was contrary to the rules and regulations of the Church, because, in all our decisions we must judge from actual testimony. Brother Gordon said the testimony was had and the decision given before the gift of tongues was manifest. Brother Joseph advised that [we] speak in our own language in all such matters, and then the adversary cannot lead our minds astray. ...

Brother Joseph said ... that brother Gordons Tongues in the end, did operate as testimony, as, by his remarks in tongues, the former decision was set aside, and his taken. That it was his decision that brother Gordons manifestation was incorrect, and from a suspicious heart. ...

The case of brother Milton Stow was then brought up when it was proven that he had delivered prophecies at two differnt times which were not true. At one time in saying that Zion was redeemed, and at another in saying that brother Carpenter was cut off forever, and also in saying, that sister Carpenter was dead. When it was decided by vote that brother Milton Stow be, and by the decision of this conference is suspended from the priveleges of the Church of the Latter Day-Saints and from acting in the authority of an Elder in said Church of the Latter Day-Saints till he appear before the Bishops council at Kirtland and make proper satisfaction. ...

[Kirtland Council Minute Book]

195 years ago today - Sep 8, 1824

Geneva Presbytery records state, "there has been no remarkable revival of religion within our bounds. The "bounds" include Palmyra, N.Y. Since Methodists in Palmyra have already begun a revival this verifies Joseph Smith's description of the revival as having "commenced with the Methodists."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

90 years ago today - Sep 7, 1929

[President Heber J. Grant]
I called at the office and met with my counselors and told them of my trip east and my failure to get any favorable action, except that the Chase National Bank was willing to loan the sugar company seven and one-half millions and that the Chicago banks had kindly increased their limit from two million dollars to three and one-half millions. I feel that we ought not to make arrangements with the Chase National for all of our needs.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

115 years ago today - Sep 7, 1904 (Wednesday)

[Church Historian Andrew Jensen]
A number of disgruntled politicians met in the Auerbach Hall, Salt Lake City, abused the Church and discussed the prospects for an anti-Mormon political party in Utah. Several malicious speeches were made in which the Church was accused of interfering in politics. Senator Thomas Kearns was connected with the movement, and the Salt Lake "Tribune" the official organ.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

120 years ago today - Sep 7, 1899; Thursday

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]
... [Heber J. Grant] brought up the subject of the vicious assaults made upon him recently by the Salt Lake Tribune, and wanted to know if there would be any objection to his denying in a public way these falsehoods and misrepresentations.

President Smith suggested to Brother Grant that instead of writing a letter of denial, that he permit himself to be interviewed, and make his denial in that way. ...

Salt Company meetings were held at the office this afternoon, the main purpose being to consider the buying up of the shore of the lake, with a view to controlling the salt trade. In order to do this the capital stock of the company would have to be increased, which would affect the Church to the amount of about $100,000. The matter was talked over by the First Presidency with Brother N[ephi]. W. Clayton, President Snow did not like to lose control of the company, but at the same time could not see how the Church could do anything in the matter. It was finally agreed to invite some of the wealthy men of the Church to take an interest in the company, thus retaining the control, as against the non-Mormon stock-holders.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

140 years ago today - Sep 7, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
Brother [John] Taylor's decision was that a bishop could only cut off members of the lesser priesthood and disfellowship members of the higher priesthood.

[Joseph F. Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - Sep 7, 1874

Brigham Young's son Joseph A. Young preaches to the Richfield United Order: "The feeling of 'mine' is the greatest feeling we have to combat."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

145 years ago today - Sep 7, 1874.

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
[Describes falling from a ladder]. I was vary sore & lame all night. It seems as though the Devil still persues me to destroy my life.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Sep 7, 1859

Salt Lake City clerk records the sale of twenty-six-year-old "negro boy" for $800 to William H. Hooper, elected a month earlier as Utah's delegate to Congress. Until federal law ends slavery in U.S. territories in 1862, some African-American slaves are paid as tithing, bought, sold and otherwise treated as chattel in Utah.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - Sep 7, 1834

[Oliver Cowdery writes the first of eight letters to W. W. Phelps regarding the history of the church. These letters will be published in October 1834 in the Messenger and Advocate.]
Smith's statement that he "learned from the first No. of the Messenger and Advocate" of Cowdery's plan to publish a history of the church would seem to indicate that Smith was not directly consulted about the facts of the first letter. Or perhaps Smith was unaware how far Cowdery wanted to go with his account.

The publication of Cowdery's history was concurrent with Philastus Hurlbut's anti-Mormon lectures in Kirtland, Ohio, and subsequent publication of E. D. Howe's Mormonism Unvailed ...

"... Near the time of the setting of the Sun, Sabbath evening, April 5th, 1829, my natural eyes, for the first time beheld this brother. He then resided in Harmony, Susquehanna county Penn. On Monday the 6th, I assisted him in arranging some business of a temporal nature, and on Tuesday the 7th, commenced to write the book of Mormon. These were days never to be forgotten--to sit under the sound of a voice dictated by the inspiration of heaven, awakened the utmost gratitude of this bosom! Day after day I continued, uninterrupted, to write from his mouth, as he translated, with the Urim and Thummim, or, as the Nephites whould [would] have said, "Interpreters," the history, or record, called "The book of Mormon."

...On a sudden, as from the midst of eternity, the voice of the Redeemer spake peace to us, while the vail was parted and the angel of God came down clothed with glory, and delivered the anxiously looked for message, and the keys of the gospel of repentance!... when we received under his hand the holy priesthood, as he said, "upon you my fellow servants, in the name of Messiah I confer this priesthood and this authority, which shall remain upon earth, that the sons of Levi may yet offer an offering unto the Lord in righteousness!"

[Oliver Cowdery to W. W. Phelps, 7 September 1834, [Letter I], Latter Day Saints' Messenger and Advocate 1 (October 1834): 13-16., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Oliver Cowdery To W. W. Phelps]

45 years ago today - Sep 6, 1974

A First Presidency announcement of the intention to legally divest the church of fifteen hospitals in three western states. Most maintain their "LDS Hospital" titles despite their ownership by "non-Mormon" and non-profit corporation, Intermountain Healthcare. This move also represents the First Presidency's decision to publicly disengage the church from hospital ownership following the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision 'Roe vs. Wade' which legalized abortions on demand. Although the Presiding Bishopric signs the final divestiture agreement on 4/1/1975, Intermountain Healthcare is listed among the "Associated Businesses" of the LDS church in the "General Church Offices Telephone Directory, January 1996."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

85 years ago today - Sep 6, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant ]
Went to the temple at ten o'clock where we held the regular weekly meeting of the First Presidency and Apostles. The question of a successor to Hyrum G. Smith was discussed at some length. Brothers Widtsoe and Callis knew nothing of the original discussion regarding this matter, neither did Brother Clark, so this afternoon we held a meeting with them and read the report of the Council of the Twelve recommending that Hyrum G. Smith's son Eldred be made the Patriarch.

[Grant would leave the office of Presiding Patriarch vacant until 1942 when Eldred's cousin would be appointed. Upon his cousin's early release, Eldred would be made patriarch in 1947]

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

115 years ago today - Sep 6, 1904 (Tuesday)

[Church historian Andrew Jensen]
At the Baptist State convention, held in Salt Lake City, Norman D. Corser, in a bitter anti-Mormon address, accused the Church of commercialism.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

125 years ago today - Sep 6, 1894

[Apostle Heber J. Grant ]
This afternoon at two attended a meeting of the Presidency and Apostles in the Temple. Among other matter[s] the propriety of sending Bro. Anthon W. Ivins to Mexico to Preside there was considered and all of those who were present seemed to favor the proposition. I confess that I know of no man in the Church who is as well qualified to go there as Bro. Ivins at the same time it would be a hard thing for me to see him go as long as his father and mother are alive.

[Ivins will perform many post-manifesto plural marriages in Mexico]

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Sep 6, 1879

Other apostles vote against presiding apostle John Taylor's proposal to organize the First Presidency. Deseret News editorial "What Shall the Mormon Church Do?" quotes recommendation of the pro-Mormon Omaha Herald: "Let the Mormon people renounce all future polygamous marriages by an open and honest declaration, and there are not a baker's dozen of decent people in America who would ask that any such a brand [of abandonment] as is mentioned by the NEWS should be put upon the women and children." The Deseret News replies: "If the authorities of the Church were to take any such stand as some friends suppose possible, their enunciation [pronouncement] would in all probability be repudiated by the people." The apostles restate this fear in 1890.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

140 years ago today - Sep 6, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
The question of authority in relation to the office of Bishop. Brother M[oses]. Thatcher and myself taking the stand that a bishop had no authority in a regularly organized stake to excommunicate any person holding the Melchizedek Priesthood but could suspend them for cause, holding them disfellowshipped &c. Brethren. George Q. Cannon, Orson Pratt, Franklin D. Richards and Erastus Snow took the opposite view, that a bishop had power to cut off any person in his ward &c. The matter was referred to minutes of meeting of April 9, 1879, President [John] Taylor reserving his opinion.

[Joseph F. Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - September 6, 1844. Friday.

[William Clayton ]
...A.M. Elder H[eber] C. K[imball] came up to say that I might take A[lice] H[ardman as a plural wife]. I went to the Temple office and also to see A[lice] H[ardman]. P.M. attended the High Council as clerk. Leonard Soby was disfellowshipped by the council for following Elder Rigdon. He spouted hard.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

120 years ago today - Sep 5, 1899; Tuesday

[Angus M. Cannon]
Attended to business in my office and having called at Presidents office I was told by Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith of a scandal about M. B. Shipp, that had come to his ears that he thought I ought to investigate before he was permitted to obtain his second anointings. It was that he had taken liberty of pinching the knee and persisting in making himself free with her and even asked her to make an appointment to meet him.

[Angus M. Cannon, Diary]

175 years ago today - September 5, 1844. Thursday.

[William Clayton]
This evening I heard Elder [Orson] Hyde in the Masonic Hall. He proved very plain that Elder Rigdons course since he came here has been a continued course of deception and falsehood and that his object is to scatter the people and break up the foundation laid by our beloved prophet Joseph Smith. The people seem to feel indignant at Elder Rigdon for it is now reduced to a certainty that he is conspiring with the apostates to bring a mob upon us.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Sep 5, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball]
5 Thursday. Prair meeting in the after noon, the Twelve spoke of the wickness of Elder Rigdon. Went home and used the [divining] Rod. I got a witness Elder Richards would live, that we would over come our enimes. Rigdon, Bennet [John C. Bennett], Higbied [Higbees] ware combineing.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - Sep 5, 1844

[Anointed Quorum]
Thursday prayer circle meeting: "Br. Marks came to see me about Prs Rigdon and his revelations [--] in the afternoon went to the prayer meeting and exposed the fals[e] Prophets," through the true order of prayer (makes misleading addition: "public prayer meeting").

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

Sept 5, 1829

A man by the name of Martin Harris was in this village a few days since endeavouring to make a contract for printing a large quantity of a work called the Golden Bible. He gave something like the following account of it. "In the autumn of 1827 a man named Joseph Smith of Manchester, in Ontario County, said that he had been visited by the spirit of the Almighty in a dream, and informed that in a certain hill in that town was deposited a Golden Bible, containing an ancient record of divine origin. He states that after a third visit from the same spirit in a dream, he proceeded to the spot, removed earth, and there found the bible, together with a large pair of spectacles. He had also been directed to let no mortal see them under the penalty of immediate death, which injunction he steadfastly adheres to. The treasure consisted of a number of gold plates, about 8 inches long, 6 wide, and one eighth of an inch thick, on which were engraved hieroglyphics. By placing the spectacles in a hat and looking into it, Smith interprets the characters into the English language.

Harris states that he went in search of some one to interpret the hieroglyphics, but found that no one was intended to perform that all important task but Smith himself. Smith has interpreted the whole, and it is now in press in Palmyra, Wayne Co. The subject attracts a good deal of notice among a certain class, and as it will be ere long before the public, we shall endeavor to meet it with the comment it may deserve.--Ed Gem.

["Golden Bible," Rochester (NY) Gem 1 (5 September 1829): 70., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Martin Harris Interview With Rochester (Ny) Gem]

40 years ago today - Sep 4, 1979-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Received today from Alfred Knopf the signed contract for the Brigham Young biography and also a check for $5,000, representing advance royalties. I shall deposit $2,000 to the Mormon History Trust fund to support a program of research grants on Mormon history, and shall place the other $3,000 in my own savings account to take care of expenses paid out personally in connection with the writing of the biography. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

85 years ago today - Sep 4, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]
... I had quite a long talk ... about having something to do with the formation of a branch of the World Fellowship of Faith on the Pacific Coast. I gave ... little or no encouragement that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints would become associated with the Fellowship.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

90 years ago today - Sep 4, 1929

First Counselor Anthony W. Ivins computes that church lost $6 million in stock investments and $900,000 in loans and business transactions with Presiding Bishop Charles W. Nibley before his appointment as second counselor in First Presidency in 1925.

110 years ago today - Sep 4, 1909

[Joseph F. Smith, Heber J. Grant, and B. H. Roberts letter to Board Member of YMMIA Louis Kelsch]
[E]vidences are at hand going to show that at a comparatively recent date a plural marriage was entered into; and from a report made to us by a committee of the Quorum of the Twelve, as a result of their investigations, you are implicated as having encouraged the belief that plural marriages may still be consummated, notwithstanding the declarations of the presiding authorities of the Church to the contrary. For this reason we feel that we cannot sustain you as a member of the general board of Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association, and you are therefore hereby released as a member of the board.

[Joseph F. Smith, Heber J. Grant, and B. H. Roberts, Letter to Louis A. Kelsch, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Sep 4, 1894

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
At 11 A.M. called at the State Bank where I had a long and interesting conversation with Apostle Brigham Young [Jr.]. We both agreed that Col Isaac Trumbo was a man that could not be trusted and we had little or no faith in Bishop Clawson, and it was a great surprise to us that they had so much influence with the Presidency of the Church. We were both agree that there was nothing that we would not do that was in our power to assist the Presidency of the Church and we agreed that it was our duty to uphold the hands of the Presidency and we both had the most perfect faith in the honesty of our brethren, even if we did not understand why they had so much confidence in men that we lacked confidence in. I was pleased to have a good long talk with Bro[ther] Young.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Sep 4, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
It was agreed to appropriate $100,000 to affect a final settlement between the [Brigham Young] family and the executors and the church. A good feeling prevailed in the council, notwithstanding we felt that our action was to placate thieves and robbers, and purchase immunity from further plundering and robbery.

[Joseph F. Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - Sep 4, 1844. Wednesday.

[William Clayton]
Last evening the Twelve and some others met together with Elder Rigdon to investigate his course. He came out full against the Twelve and said he would not be controlled by them. They asked him for his license, and he said he would give that if he must expose all the works of the secret chambers and all the iniquities of the church. The Twelve withdrew fellowship from him and James Emmett.

There is considerable feeling prevailing. Edward Hunter,111 Leonard Soby, [] Cottier, B[] Coles are amongst those who have joined Elder Rigdon. Samuel James is one of his main supports. Every one of his followers as far as I can learn are ordained prophets and immediately receive the same spirit Elder Rigdon is of. In the evening the Twelve and a few others of us met at Elder Youngs and offered up prayers for our preservation and the preservation of the church, and that the Lord would bind up the dissenters that they may not have power to injure the honest in heart. We had a good time and we believe the Lord will answer our prayers.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

105 years ago today - Sep 3, 1914

[Meeting of First Presidency and Council of Twelve]
...Bro[ther]. Grant reported on behalf of a committee, consisting of Bro[ther]s. Talmage, Evan Stephens and himself, appointed to investigate the merits of the recommendation ... that the tabernacle organ be re-constructed and made practically new, at a cost of $53,000., the bid of the Austin Organ Co[mpany]. of Hartford, Conn[ecticut].

The recommendation of the committee was that the proposition of Bro[ther]. McClellan, Cannon and Toronto be not entertained, and that the proposed new organ for the tabernacle be not ordered, at least for the present, but that if the organ is in the condition Bro[ther]s. McClellan and Toronto and Cannon say it is, the committee felt that the necessary repairs should be made.

The recommendation of the committee became the sense of the Council, on motion of Bro[ther]. Joseph F[ielding]. Smith Jr. ...

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Sep 3, 1844

Apostles demand Sidney Rigdon's license (Rigdon refuses).

[Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology, Rev 01 Volume 01" http://bit.ly/tiddchron]

165 years ago today - 165 years ago - Feb 9, 1854

Latter-day Saint women in Salt Lake City independently organized a society to make clothing for American Indian women and children. 

[Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

95 years ago today - Sep 2, 1924

I [sat] with the Temple ordinance Committee for several hours in my office room in the Temple considering the ordinances with a view to suggesting changes to be made in the reading of the ordinances of the Temple.

[George F. Richards diary, Sept. 2, 1924 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

170 years ago today - Sep 2, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... and you nor I will ever know what the resurrection is until we receive the resurrection by our file leaders - ... and when we are resurrected, they turn around and beget spirit, they organize a world - and begin to bring forth their progeny upon it - when they are brought into existence we then have power to form a world - but just wait a little while and you will know I never believed that Father Adam was made out of a chunk of clay - he was - and we will find him at the head of the whole ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 9-12-5, 2-8 as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - 1844 2 Sept.

Young performs the first plural marriage by his own authority.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - Sep 2, 1829

The PALMYRA REFLECTOR publishes: "THE GOLDEN BIBLE, by Joseph Smith Junior, author and proprietor, is now in press and will shortly appear. Priestcraft is short lived!" The REFLECTOR is published in the same building in which the Book of Mormon was being typeset and printed.

35 years ago today - 35 years ago - Sep 1, 1984

Non-Mormon sociologist Rodney Stark publishes a statistical projection that the world-wide population of the LDS church will reach 265 million by the year 2080 A.D. Ten years later he announces that LDS growth is ahead of his projection.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

30 years ago today - Sep 1, 1989.

Elder George P. Lee of the First Quorum of the Seventy is excommunicated "for apostasy" and "conduct unbecoming a member." Letters Lee releases to the press include criticisms of the church's neglect of Lamanites and incidents of personal discrimination against him by other general authorities. Deseret Book had issued Lee's biography in its ninth printing the week of the excommunication. A representative of the First Presidency orders KSL-TV news personnel to read the announcement with no contextual information, a ruling reversed only when the staff threatens to walk off the set "unless they were allowed to report the story according to their journalistic standards."

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

45 years ago today - Sep 01, 1974

The Church College of Hawaii is made a branch of Brigham Young University and is renamed Brigham Young University—Hawaii Campus.

175 years ago today - Sep 1, 1844

[Brigham Young Journal]
I went to the meeting ground in the fore noon B[rother] S[idney] Rigdon Preached his discource was compelecated [complicated] and and some what scattered he said he had all things shone to him from this time to the winding up sene or the grate Battle of gog and may gog, there was grate things to take place but he did not tel what the saints should due to save themselves

[Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845]

55 years ago today - Aug 31, 1964

First Presidency letter "TO PRESIDENTS OF STAKES and BISHOPS OF WARDS . . . Where the military regulations are of a character that 'hinders', that is, makes impossible the wearing of the regulation garments, either in training on the drill grounds or in combat zones, effort should be made to wear underclothing that will approach as near as may be the normal garment. Where military regulations require the wearing of two-piece underwear, such underwear should be properly marked, as if the articles were of the normal pattern. If circumstances are such that different underwear may be turned back to the wearer from that which he sends to the laundry, then the marks should be placed on small pieces of cloth and sewed upon the underwear while being worn, then removed when the underwear is sent to the laundry, and resewed upon the underwear returned."

65 years ago today - Aug 31, 1954

Herbert Salisbury, grandson of Cathrine Smith Salisbury, sister of Joseph Smith, says in an interview, "I was visiting my grandmother at her home in Hancock County, near Fountain Green, when I asked her for some recollections of her brother, the Prophet Joseph Smith. Catherine Smith Salisbury then told me that while dusting up the room where the Prophet had his study she saw a package on the table containing the gold plates on which was engraved the story of the Book of Mormon. She said she hefted those plates and found them very heavy like gold and also rippled her fingers up the edge of the plates and felt that they were separate metal plates and heard the tinkle of sound that they made. . . . the Prophet's sister, told me that she was there when he came in running and burst through the door carrying the plates; and that his hand was injured from striking one of the villains. He told her that he had jumped over a rail fence; when one of the villains grabbed for the plates, he knocked him down with his right fist while carrying the plates under his left arm clasped to his body. Then he ran the gauntlet with several more, and when he came in the house she said he was completely out of breath. She took the plates from him and laid them on the table temporarily, and helped revive him until he got breathing properly, and also examined his hand, and treated it for the bruises on his knuckles, where he had struck the villain and thus defended himself and the plates."

65 years ago today - Aug 31, 1954

The First Presidency approved a plan to ordain young men of the Aaronic Priesthood to the office of teacher at age 14 and priest at age 16. The previous ages were 15 and 17.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

125 years ago today - Aug 31, 1894

As a result of the conference of the brethren engaged as ordinance workers in the several Temples, held at Salt Lake Temple, some time ago, the following slight corrections have been adopted by us, which you will please note: In the creation on the fifth day a grammatical error occurs. The word "their" is used instead of "its"; the word "their," therefore, is change[d] to its. In the lecture the words "next room" are used in the Terrestrial room when that same room is referred to; the words "the next" therefore have been changed to "this," as the appropriate form. In the placing of the girdle [sash], it should be placed on the outside of the apron strings. In the ceremonies at the veil, the practice has been to use the words, "this man Adam," while in the Logan Temple the words, "this man, representing Adam," are used. It was decided to drop the words, "this man representing," and say "Adam, &c." The word "christian," referred to in the lecture, in connection with [a person's given] name, is dropped and the word "given" is substituted. The words "and some have to go away on business," which occur at the end of the lecture, were expunged. The words, "new name," were substituted for the pronoun "it," to avoid ambiguity, where it reads in the lecture, "You must remember it," that is, your new name. The people, when being put under covenant, should signify their assent by bowing and saying, "yes." It was left optional with the Temple President to use persons as witnesses who were receiving endowments or to use workers as such. * It has been the practice to mark the shirt, but we think this unnecessary as it is not strictly a part of the Temple clothing. The marking of the garment should be done in the washing room and not at the veil; and the greatest care should be taken to see that no person is permitted to leave that room wearing an unmarked garment. In the Salt Lake Temple the practice in the Garden is for the couple at the altar to remain kneeling while the covenant relating to the * Aaronic Priesthood is being administered, while the practice in the other Temples is for the couple to arise. The reason given by the Salt Lake Temple for not arising is that the couple would have to descend three steps, and as a matter of convenience they were permitted to remain on their knees. It was decided that the couples should rise.

[Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, and Joseph F. Smith to Lorenzo Snow, Aug. 31, 1894 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Aug 31, 1894

First Presidency letter to "Elder Lorenzo Snow, Prest. Salt Lake Temple" includes the instructions: "The words 'that my tongue be torn from its roots in my mouth,' were substituted for 'from the roof of my mouth.' In giving the sign and token of the Aaronic priesthood that Salt Lake Temple use the word, 'index', meaning the fore-finger. It was decided to use the words, 'fore finger,' instead of 'index finger,' the latter being more easily understood.

135 years ago today - Aug 31, 1884

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
... a report that the Indians of this western world were going to unite to gerber & make war upon the United States.

Presidet Taylor persued the same policy that Presidet Young did. He Presidet Taylor sent word By Brother Spencer to tell all the Indians that we have any influence with not to have any thing to do with going to war or sheding Blood to keep out of Everything of that kind for it was not right to shed Blood. It was wicked. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 31, 1844

[Patriarchal Blessing of Louisa M. Hemenway]
... thou shalt have the ministry of angels and converce with them as with a Friend shall see thy Saviour come in the clouds of heaven and shall converce with him while in the flesh. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Aug 31, 1844

[Patriarchal Blessing of Edson Barney by John Smith]
.... The Lord hath given his Angels charge concerning thee, they will deliver thee from all dangers, although thousands may fall on thy right hand and on thy left - therefore fear not, for thou have faith to waft thy self through the air, rebuke the raging sea, and warring elements shall obey thy voice, and no power on earth shall stay thy hand. Thou shalt return to Zion when thou hast finished thy mission with an exceeding multitude bringing their riches of gold and precious things in abundance, and have an inheritance among thy brethren, and shall dwell in peace. Thou shalt have a numerous posterity and this blessing and priesthood shall be perpetuated to them through all their generation, so that one of thy sons shall choose a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight. Thou shalt have power to save all thy dear friends, clear back to Able, there shall not be a link broken in the chain, and thy desires concerning the living ones according to the desire of thy heart shall thy days be even to see the fulfillment of all the prophets have spoken concerning Zion since the worlds began, and shall be satisfied with the riches of the earth, the riches of Eternity shall not be withheld from thee....

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - 1844: 31 August

[Patriarchal Blessing of Daniel E. Williams given by John Smith]
... it is thy privelige to be a Savior to save thy dead and liveing friends and many others and bring them up to a State of exaltation and Glory with thy former companion and reign over them to all eternity ... thou shall [have] a numerous posterity upon the Earth the weakest of thy Sons shall be like David and thy Daughters like Deboriah ...

[Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 31, 1844

[Brigham Young Journal]
... attended a Cort marshel at the seventies hall the cort marshel Elected me for their Leutenant General [of the Nauvoo Legion] and Charles C. Rich for their Major General it was don with out a decenting voice in the evening at 6 o.c. we held a school meeting chose 3 trustees

[Brigham Young Journal (1801-1877) Journal #2 July, 1837- Mar. 1845]

30 years ago today - Aug 30, 1989

LDS Brent Scowcroft, national security adviser to President George Bush, presents the U.S. Citizens Award to Ezra Taft Benson.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Aug 30, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
... Last evening the excitement continued when [ward] home teachers (Joe Wood and Tope Tucker) came. They arrived just before the end of Hogan's Heroes [TV show], so I'll be worrying the rest of my life about what happened. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - Aug 30, 1974-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
We had day before yesterday a nice talk with Merlo Pusey, who was here with his son David. He said that he had done a history of George A. Smith, John Henry Smith, and George Albert Smith, which was completed except for tying up a few loose ends. He had submitted the manuscript to Peregrine Smith. They had read it (Davis said he read it) and had accepted it for publication. I got the impression that he had submitted it earlier to Bookcraft or Deseret Book and it had been turned down as being too controversial; that is to say, he mentioned a few things which were not 100 percent favorable to the Smiths and the Church. Davis said that there was nothing wrong with the manuscript-really no problems. The tone throughout was favorable and friendly and the so-called controversial portions were mentions of relatively minor problems. The book is based upon original journals of the three persons. Merlo said that the [Reed] Smoot book had been held up because he refused to eliminate the diary entries which related to the criminality of his son, but he said he thought the book still might appear soon since all of those who felt keenly on this matter had now died. He said he could not avoid mentioning this nor was it libelous nor did it mention anything that had not been widely published in newspapers or magazines. ...

Over the past several weeks I have had telephone calls from John Reed, an employee from Hill Air Force Base, a non-Mormon who says he is planning to do an article for an eastern concern about the Mormons. I have tried to be very careful, cagey, and cautious in my remarks to him and have no evidence that he is taping my conversations, but hope everything will turn out all right. I have tried to be friendly and helpful without giving him anything that would later prove to be embarrassing to myself or the department. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

75 years ago today - Aug 30, 1944

The First Presidency authorizes a stake president and bishops to join "AS INDIVIDUALS a civic organization whose purpose is to restrict and control negro sttlement in his stake" (emphasis in original).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Aug 30, 1944

[Ezra Taft Benson]
This is a day I shall never forget. Flora [Amussen Benson] and I met in the Celestial Room of the [Salt Lake] temple at 12:30 [p.m.] and in line with the recommendation of Pres[ident] [Heber J.] Grant received our second blessings under the hands of Elders Geo[rge] F. Richards and Jos[eph] Fielding Smith of the Council of Twelve. Our hearts swelled to overflowing with gratitude for the Lord's rich blessings.

[Ezra Taft Benson diary, Aug. 30, 1944 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

80 years ago today - Aug 30, 1939

[President Heber J. Grant]
[In conversation with a man] I told him that when my first wife came to die she said: 'I can die happy because the woman you love and I love can raise my baby boy and my five daughters.'

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

80 years ago today - Aug 30, 1939

President Heber J. Grant writes to Kenneth Macgowen, associate producer of Twentiety-Century-Fox's film "Brigham Young:" "I hope we shall not appear to you to be over anxious, and we have no disposition to be oversensitive, but we are tremendously concerned that this picture shall be a true picture, and, while we are not, any of us, playwrights, or dramatists, or Movie technicians, we can appreciate the war which must constantly go on in one preparing a picture, between the highly dramatic and the sober fact." The LDS Church provided constant input to the making of the film.

150 years ago today - Aug 30, 1869

[John Wesley Powell]
During his most famous expedition, from 24 May through 30 August 1869, he and his party made a daring nine-hundred-mile journey with four boats, traveling from the Union Pacific Railroad crossing of the Green River in Wyoming down through the Grand Canyon.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: John Wesley Powell, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

180 years ago today - Aug 30, 1839

The word Nauvoo appears officially in print, published on the city plat, for the first time. Some time previous to this the word had been chosen as the new name of Commerce.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

55 years ago today - Aug 29, 1964

Joseph F. Smith II dies. At the time of his death he is serving as a stake high counselor. He had been Presiding Patriarch to the Church but is released in 1946 due to homosexual activities. No church trial is ever held, and no formal action is taken against him but for ten years his local leaders are instructed that he is not to assume any responsibilities or callings. This restriction is lifted by President David O. McKay in 1957.

115 years ago today - Aug 29, 1904

Joseph Smith's youngest son, David Hyrum Smith dies in the Northern Illinois Hospital and Asylum for the Insane in Elgin, Illinois. Although David was born after his father's martyrdom Joseph had prophesied that his unborn son would be male and would be named "David" and would be "president and king of Israel". David did not go with Brigham Young to Utah. However as an apostle and later first presidency member in the Reorganized church he went on two missions to Utah to convert the "poor decieved souls." The Utah Mormons returned the favor by trying to convince him that polygamy was instituted by his father rather than by Brigham Young as his mother (and Joseph widow) Emma had claimed. He gradually accepted that his father practiced polygamy but considered it to be adulterous rather than of divine revelation. This realization was accompanied by a decent into severe mental illness. He spent the final 27 years of his life in the Asylum for the Insane.

130 years ago today - Aug 29, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
[Wilford] Woodruff, [George Q.] Cannon, [John Henry] Smith and I were the only ones present After prayers we had quite a talk as to the ideas that were entertained by some of the brethren on the coming of a man like unto Moses to lead the saints out of bondage, and also the idea of some that this man had already come and that he was Brigham Young.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Aug 29, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
...The enemy made a powerful grasp upon the life of Elder John Taylor. He fainted several times & it seemed as though he would die...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Aug 29, 1834

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... in relation to a certain difficulty which took place relative to a dog [in Zion's Camp], that on a certain evening after crossing the Mississippi River, brother Sylvester came up with the remaining part of the camp when the dog came out and [insulted] him, he knew not whether he touched him or not. The next morning after hearing considerable complaint and murmuring concerning the dog, Brother Joseph spoke to several brethren present and said, I will descend to the Spirit that is in the camp to show you the spirit you are of for I want to drive it from the camp. '"The first man that kills that dog, (or my dog) I will whip him!'" He thought about this time that brother Sylvester came up who said, '"If that dog bites me I will kill him.'" '"If you do,'" said brother Joseph, '"I will whip you.'" '"If you do,'" said brother Sylvester, '"I shall defend myself the best way that I can.'"'- Brother B. Young further said, relative to a certain difficulty arising out of a circumstance concerning some bread. That brother J. S. Carter on their journey to Missouri on the line between Ohio and Indiana said to brother Joseph is this thing right? '"What thing? concerning brother Parley. P. Pratt's asking brother Sylvester for some bread for supper. He then learned that brother Pratt had asked brother Sylvester for some bread, that brother Sylvester had bread at the time, but directed him to some one else, who he (brother Sylvester) said had a sufficient. That brother Pratt called upon that individual and could not obtain any. That he was present when brother Joseph told brother Sylvester that he had not conducted right in the matter. That he ought to impart when he had in preference to directing one where he was not certain he could obtain. That by so doing some might be deprived of food at times. He further said that brother Sylvester contended he had been right and justified his own conduct in the matter. That brother Joseph reasoned with brother Sylvester to convince him that he, brother Sylvester, was in a fault, but he continued to justify his course till brother Joseph reproved him sharply. He frequently heard the brethren speak of this circumstance, and all (whom he heard say any thing on the subject) manifested a satisfaction with brother Joseph and thought his observations correct, and the principles which he advanced to be just'...

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

190 years ago today - Late August-Early September 1829

Egbert B. Grandin and Thomas McAuley begin printing the Book of Mormon . Joseph Smith, Sr., Joseph Smith, Jr., Oliver Cowdery, Martin Harris, and Stephen S. Harding are in Grandin's office when the title page printed.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

170 years ago today - Aug 28, 1849

Captain Howard Stansbury and Lt. John W. Gunnison arrived in the Salt Lake Valley to survey the area.

[History to Go, Pioneers and Cowboys, http://historytogo.utah.gov/timeline/pioneersandcowboys.html]

65 years ago today - Aug 28, 1954

Joseph Fielding Smith speaks, at a lecture for Seminary and Institute teachers, for two hours on his recently published book, MAN HIS ORIGIN AND DESTINY, repeating many of the points in previous classes at the summer session. He insists on the view that the earth was only 6,000 years old and that no one and nothing had died before Adam and Eve's transgression. He concludes, 'I hope you take what I'm saying [literally], because if you don't you have no business in the church school system.'"