25 years ago today - Mar 24, 1994

Jane Partridge, president of her high school seminary class, testifies before the U.S. Congress in support of reducing the legal limits for the blood-alcohol level of teenage drivers.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Mar 24, 1979-Saturday

[Leonard Arrington]
Second Anointings I have been seeing what references there might be in my library about Second Anointings. Nothing in Mormon Doctrine by Bruce McConkie. Nothing in Carter, LDS Encyclopedia. Nothing in the indexes to Joseph Smith, History of the Church; [B. H.] Roberts, Comprehensive History; and Journal of Discourses. Mike Quinn's article on Prayer Circles in BYU Studies, Fall 1978, mentions them. Suggests they were first given shortly before the completion of the Nauvoo Temple, shortly before Joseph Smith's death. Suggests that those who belonged to the Holy Order or Anointed Quorum had all received their Second Anointings. Perhaps those who received the Second Anointings were all invited into the Holy Order, and that the Anointed Quorum consisted of all and only of all who received their Second Anointings. This was the original Prayer Circle. Clark, Messages of the First Presidency, III, p. 228, has a letter to Presidents of Stakes and Bishops of Wards, Nov. 6, 1891, which states that the approval of the President of the Church was required for those receiving Second Anointings, but presumably they are initiated by bishops and/or stake presidents. Clark, Messages of the First Presidency, V, p. 112, had a Circular with temple instructions to bishops, dated 1918, which states that bishops are not to issue recommends for second anointings. That is the province of stake presidents and must have the endorsement or approval of the President of the Church, and individuals are not to be informed until the latter is approved. "As a general rule, such recommends are issued only in behalf of those who have had endowments in lifetime, and have been sealed and lived together faithfully as husband and wife, and who have been valiant in the defense of truth and active in all good works."

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

55 years ago today - Mar 24, 1964

President Lyndon B. Johnson explains his plan to restructure the budgeting of government agencies without raising taxes: "we will take from the haves and give to the have nots." Two years later in a general conference address Apostle Marion G. Romney uses this quote out of context as evidence that Johnson advocates socialism.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

60 years ago today - Mar 24, 1959

[J. Reuben Clark]
[When asked about administering to a woman, LeGrand Richards had already administered to, Clark replies:] ... there was no more spiritual man than Brother Richards.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

135 years ago today - Mar 24, 1884

Apostle John Henry Smith dreams "that President Young and my Father were still alive but that they had been away from the people and returned not satisfied with the way President Taylor was doing. I saw Pres[iden]t. Taylor moving from the yard into his own home, and he seemed to be much troubled in his mind. J. W. Young and my brother Charles seemed to be mixed up in the affair. My conversation with my Father was as real as in life. I enjoyed it very much. President Taylor came to where Father and I stood and they both disappeared."

160 years ago today - Mar 24, 1859

[Wilford Woodruff]
24th We packed up a Box of Journals Books & Records for safe keeping in Case of war. ...

A messenger arived from Rush valley informing us that after Spencer was knocked down they sent for an army Surgeon who examined his head. Found his skull was broaken & one part laped on the top of the other. He sawed a peace of the Skull out & placed it together and they think there is a Chance for him to get well.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 24, 1844

[Joseph Fielding]
... our Prophet told us from the stand, by the wall of the partly built [Nauvoo] temple, that a conspiracy was formed by the two Fosters, the Laws, C. Higby, and J. H. Jackson and others against himself and all the Smiths. By some of them it was declared that there should not be one of the Smith family alive in a few weeks. ...

They object to the doctrine of plurality of wives and of gods. I was present when the two [William and Wilson Law] Laws, the wife of William and R. D. Foster, were cut off from the Church. The feeling as to their conduct was very unanimous except that Brother [William] Marks did not raise his hand [to vote] against Sister Law. Their principle charge against Joseph is that he has and seeks to obtain other women or wives and has taught the same to others who have done the same. [A marriage had been considered between Joseph Smith and Jane Law, as well as between Emma Smith and William Law]

As to me, I have evidence enough that Joseph is not fallen. I have seen him after giving as I before said, the origin of Masonry, organize the kingdom of God on the earth and am myself a member of it. ...

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

40 years ago today - Mar 23, 1979-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
I learned today some things about Merv Hogan and his work on the Masons. He told me this morning that one reason he had been impelled to make such a thorough study of Masonry and the Mormons is that he had been the recipient of four visits of heavenly beings which had urged him on in doing this assignment. Of course his primary goal has been to get the recession [abolishment] of the Utah Masons' rule that no Mormon can be admitted as a Mason. He said that about 1956 when he was getting ready to move his family to Syracuse, New York, to work for GE [General Electric], he had one evening a visit from an elderly gentleman in his 70s or 80s with black hair with white streaks and graying at the temples and dark eyes, a rather tall personage. This personage knocked on his door, talked with him a few minutes; Merv ushered him in and introduced him to the family, and after chatting for a little while said he needed to go and Merv ushered him out, but before leaving he had told Merv, "You and I know that you have an important job to do, and you must carry on. If you persevere you will be blessed." Merv said that he was witness to the manifestation but his family were not. Since his family had not witnessed it, he began to wonder if he had dreamed it up, and at that stage he was walking down the street in Salt Lake City and saw this person again, and the person came up to him and said, "I hope you will remember my visit to you at your house. Remember if you persevere in this important work, you will be blessed."

Several years later when he was in Phoenix he was visited by a young pleasant person two different times with a very similar message. So Merv believes that he is an instrument in the hands of the Lord and that the Lord is manipulating things to help accomplish a desirable job. ... Merv says he has been told by some member of the Quorum of the Twelve that they wanted to have him publish this, and there were two others who were vehement that he must not publish it. Merv knows that this was discussed formally in the Quorum of the Twelve, with this division of opinion, and he thinks that perhaps President Kimball wished to keep that division down by urging him not to publish. Anyway, he published it. I told him that I would feel sure one of those two members of the Quorum was Elder Peterson, and he reluctantly admitted that was the case. He said another member of the Quorum of Twelve who was against any mention of the Mormons in connection with Masonry was President Joseph Fielding Smith. He said that both Brother Peterson and President Smith would prefer that no Mormon history book contained any mention that Joseph Smith was a Mason, that many of the leaders of the Church were Masons, that they had a lodge in Nauvoo, and so on. He said President Kimball does not personally object to it but had played the role of peacemaker.

Maureen [Beecher] came in to say that she had received a telephone call from John Madsen. John said that the First Presidency and "the Brethren" had decided that the Relief Society needed more visibility and that he had been assigned to provide additional input into the Church given to the Relief Society by the Brethren in past periods. He has had Tom Truitt and Anna Mae Robison101 working on it and he asked for additional help from Maureen. He wants the material by next Tuesday. I told Maureen to furnish him some good quotations that she can get quickly and that in addition she should telephone him and suggest he write a letter to Elder Durham suggesting a more detailed research project to be done by us on women and their role in Church history. Maureen said he emphasized several times that the biggest single problem in the Church is the problem of women and the image of women and that the Church is determined to do everything they can to help everyone understand more fully the importance we attach to women and their work. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

135 years ago today - Mar 23, 1884

The day after he took 3 "doses" 5 grains each of Hashish (Cannibas Indica) James E. Talmage writes in his journal: "Sunday. Spent quietly. Have had no result to be noted of my physiological experiment yesterday. I do not feel inclined to try again till the end of next week-as the realization of the effects of the drug are not desirable on working days."

175 years ago today - Mar 23, 1844. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
A.M. rode with President Joseph and brother Neibaur to Doctor [Robert] Fosters. He was gone to appanose and his wife was at Mr. Gilmans. We went down there and saw her. President Joseph asked Sister Foster if she ever in her life knew him guilty of an immoral or indecent act. She answered no. He then explained his reasons for asking and then asked if ever he had used any indecent or insulting language to her, she answered, never. He further asked if he ever preached any thing like the spiritual wife doctrine to her only what he had preached in public. She said no! He asked her if he ever proposed to have illicit intercourse with her and especially when he took dinner during the Doctors absence. She said no. After some further conversation on the subject we left. Mrs. Gilman was present all the time.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Mar 23, 1844

Joseph Smith is warned by two non-members concerning plans laid by William and Wilson Law, R. D. Foster, Chauncey L. Higbee, and Joseph H. Jackson. The Warsaw Signal publishes "The Buckeye's First Epistle to Jo, probably penned by Wilson Law.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

100 years ago today - Mar 22,1919

"The Nigger" is the new production to be given at the Social Hall, proclaims Deseret News with explanation: "The Nigger" is distinctly Southern. It is a romance based on Southern ideals and the race problem.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

115 years ago today - Mar 22, 1904

Carl A. Badger, secretary to apostle and embattled U.S. Senator Reed Smoot writes in his diary: "I am afraid I believe more in the inspiration of the Manifesto than of the selection of the D&C which says we 'must' practice that principle." Badger records Joseph F. Smith's response after his own testimony before the Senate committee: "I am sorry for Reed. I am sorry for Reed." Reed Smoot writes in a letter: "[W]e have not as a people, at all times, lived strictly to our agreements with the Government, and this lack of sincerity on our part goes farther to condemn us in the eyes of the public men of the nation than the mere fact of a few new polygamy cases, or a polygamist before the manifesto living in the state of unlawful cohabitation." Smoot writes in another letter that he wished "President Joseph F. Smith would see his way clear to announce at this coming Apr Conference that since his visit to Washington he had learned that public sentiment outside of the State of Utah is opposed to a man living in unlawful cohabitation." Smoot hoped "that hereafter" President Smith's "advice would be to the Mormon people to arrange their affairs so as to obey the law, and further, that he himself intends to do so. It is my opinion that if this is not done that there will be considerable trouble ahead for our people." Joseph F. Smith had testified that he was living with his plural wives in violation of the laws of the land and the laws of the church.

135 years ago today - Mar 22, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
"This being Saturday, was the day I selected to study practically the effects of Hashish. This evening, after work and all was over, I took at 3 doses each hour after the preceding, 5 grains solid extract Cannabis Indica. At this writing â midnight â 5 hours since last does, I have experienced no effect whatever. The effect is said to be widely different in different people."

[The Essential James E. Talmage, James P. Harris editor, Classics in Mormon Thought Series No. 5, Signature Books, Inc., 1997 pp. 11‐12]

160 years ago today - Mar 22, 1859 (Tuesday)

Howard O. Spencer, a Mormon youth, was assaulted and brutally beaten on the head by Sergeant Ralph Pike, of the U.S. army, in Rush Valley, Utah.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Mar 22, 1839

Joseph Smith writes in a letter: "the first and fundamental principle of our holy religion is, that we believe that we have a right to embrace all, and every item of truth, without limitation or without being circumscribed or prohibited by the creeds or superstitious notions of men, or by the dominations of one another, when that truth is clearly demonstrated to our minds, and we have the highest degree of evidence of the same."

15 years ago today - Mar 21, 2004

At Stake Conference in Kuna, Idaho Apostle L. Tom Perry speaks of the human qualities of his fellow apostles. Someone in the congregations keeps notes of the talk and they later flood the internet as members forward copies of the comments to friends. On Apr 21 a memorandum concerning the notes is sent to CES area directors: "Delete or destroy them. Inform the person who sent them to you that the remarks are not an accurate recollection of Elder Perry's remarks. Do not use or refer to them in class. Do not spread or refer to them in any way except to discourage their use when someone else brings them up in conversation." The First presidency responds to the church as a whole by issuing a statement limiting the sharing of personal notes: "Any notes made when General Authorities, Area Authority Seventies, or other general Church officers speak at regional and stake conferences or other meetings should not be distributed without the consent of the speaker. Personal notes are for individual use only."

25 years ago today - Mar 21, 1994

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences gives an Oscar to LDS Gerald R. Molen as co-producer of Schindler's List. Because the film is "R-rated," BYU refuses to show this dramatization of the Jewish Holocaust even though public high school students throughout Utah have seen this film in special screenings as a school activity with parental permission.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

85 years ago today - Mar 21, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
Had a nap at the office.

Josiah Hickman called, and President Ivins and I authorized him to be baptized for his uncle, William A. Hickman, and to have his former blessings restored. Hickman was a first-class cattle thief.

Two colored ministers called and wanted a donation. We told them we would take the matter under advisement.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

95 years ago today - Mar 21, 1924

A First Presidency statement answered criticism of unauthorized plural marriages by once again confirming the Church's policy against the practice. Polygamists within the Church were excommunicated when discovered.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

115 years ago today - Mar 21, 1904

Carl A. Badger, secretary to Apostle and U.S. Senator Reed Smoot writes to a friend: "I hope our people will look at this matter in its true light; we have got to learn our lessons, and instead of shouting about the opportunity which we have had of teaching our faith to the world, we ought to dot down the unpleasant but obvious fact, that the lesson which the world is learning from the testimony thus far given is, that we have failed to keep our word [regarding the Manifesto]. I wish our people could come to the conclusion that this investigation has not been wholly creditable to us"

120 years ago today - Mar 21, 1899; Tuesday

President [Lorenzo] Snow was called upon by Sisters Emmeline B. Wells and Susa Y. Gates, who read a letter addressed to them by madame [Lydia Von Finklestein] Mountford, who is now in England lecturing on the new and the Old Zion. She desired to establish an institution in Jerusalem to help the Mohammedan children, and expressed the hope that the Woman's Relief Society in Utah would take an interested part in the movement. These sisters also informed the Presidency that there was an opportunity for one of our sisters to become a patron of the International Woman's Council, and they suggested that Inez Knight, now laboring in London [England] as a missionary, be advised to become that patron, a member of that Council, her father, Jesse Knight, having intimated his willingness to advance his daughter the necessary means. The Presidency had no objection to this being done.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Mar 21, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
The result of our work in research upon Narcotics has been tolerably satisfactory. We utilize my friend referred to above, with his Hashish eating experience—and find four or five others whom he knows have also an experience upon the subject. But the effects experienced by the different ones are so widely different that we can scarcely draw a conclusion. The opium habit is well explained by books, and the bad after effects of the same are sufficiently appalling to keep down experimentation upon the subject. But, the ill effects are reported very low in the Hashish or Hemp administration; and we have concluded to try effect of small dose upon ourselves.

Of course, such a course is the proper one for the study of the effects of the drug, though I very much disliked the idea of doing such a thing, for as yet I have never known what it is to be narcotized either by tobacco, alcohol, or any drug ...

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

135 years ago today - Mar 21, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
The salt Lake Tribune /Editors/ Forged a sermon which they Published on Sunday Morning March 16/84 and Published it as a verbatim report of a Discourse delivered at Juab School House on Sunday March 9, 1884 by Bishop West. There was no meeting held on that day there at all and there was no Bishop West in the Church, and No bishop by any name there. It was the most infamous forgery Concocted Either by Man or Devils all got up by the Editor of the Tribune to injure the Saints and Govornor Eli H Murray took a Bundle of them to washington to Circulate among the Members of Congress to help destroy the Saints. The Deseret News of March 19 has the whole account in it and Comments upon it and the Tribune of the 20 Came out and recalled it. Said they were imposed upon, and Men Carrying on such a game as that ought & will be damed.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Mar 21, 1859

[Wilford Woodruff]
We have an express this morning saying that their is 800 Men on the way from Camp Floyd to Provo, and Levi Stewart reported that their was one Redgment & a Battery ordered to Salt Lake City. If this is true it seems they are determined to have a fuss with this people. They seem determined to provoke a war.

... The fore part of the night was spent with the regency upon the subject of the large dictionary writing in the Deseret Alphabet. It was abandoned & Juvenile works are to be written instead. The latter part of the time was spent in Conversing upon the state of affairs at Camp Floyd & Provo & the sending of troops into our Cities to slay the People. An express Came in saying that the Troops had arived at Lehi.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 21, 1844

The end of the world does not occur as predicted by William Miller during the past year. He changes the date to April 18, 1844

[Brooke, John L. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology, 1644-1844. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994. p.276]

175 years ago today - Mar 21, 1844 • Thursday

[Council of Fifty]
The council decided to petition Congress to make JS a member of the U.S. Army, with authority to take volunteers into the western borderlands to protect Oregon and Texas from foreign invasion. A committee was appointed to draft the petition, and Orson Hyde was chosen to carry it to Washington. The council also decided to send James Emmett on a mission "to the Lamanites to instruct them to unite together." JS recommended that the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles select men to travel throughout the states to electioneer for his presidential campaign.

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

185 years ago today - Mar 21, 1834

Nathaniel Lewis states, in a sworn affidavit: "I have been acquainted with Joseph Smith Jr. for some time: being a relation of his wife, and residing near him, I have had frequent opportunities of conversation with him, and of knowing his opinions and pursuits. From my standing in the Methodist Episcopal Church, I suppose he was careful how he conducted or expressed himself before me. At one time, however, he came to my house, and asked my advice, whether he should proceed to translate the Book of Plates (referred to by Mr. Hale) or not. He said that God had commanded him to translate it, but he was afraid of the people: he remarked, that he was to exhibit the plates to the world, at a certain time, which was then about eighteen months distant. I told him I was not qualified to give advice in such cases. Smith frequently said to me that I should see the plates at the time appointed. After the time stipulated, had passed away, Smith being at my house was asked why he did not fulfil his promise, show the Golden Plates and prove himself an honest man? He replied that he, himself was deceived, but that I should see them if I were where they were. I reminded him then, that I stated at the time he made the promise, I was fearful "the enchantment would be so powerful" as to remove the plates, when the time came in which they were to be revealed."

10 years ago today - 3/20/2009

[Same-Sex Marriage]
Fred Karger and Californians Against Hate ask for expansion of FPPC investigation into LDS Church Prop 8 involvement. Expansion is based on new information Karger receives, some of which includes several letters between Loren C. Dunn and other Church officials during the Hawaii marriage campaigns. Karger posts the scanned letters at mormongate.org.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

75 years ago today - Mar 20, 1944

[Marion G. Romney]
President Clark called again, and cautioned me about taking care of my health. He said that he was calling me pursuant to the instructions of the 121st Section of the Doctrine and Covenants, which says:

"No power or influence can or ought to be maintained by virtue of the Priesthood, only by persuasion ...."

Evidently, he thought he had spoken harshly last night when he called me.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

135 years ago today - Mar 20, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
Attended a lecture at the Academy of Music on the Negro and Indian Problem.

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

175 years ago today - Mar 20, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Reprinted Story: "A New Candidate for the Presidency" -- Several Newspapers -- Articles announcing the candidacy of Joseph Smith for President.

- Story: "Virtue Will Triumph" -- Emma Smith -- Preamble and resolution read and accepted by the Relief Society, includes disdain for polygamy and "Spiritual Wifery"

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

175 years ago today - Mar 20, 1844

Articles begin to appear in several newspapers commenting on Joseph's candidacy for the U.S. Presidency.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Mar. 20-25, 1839

Between these dates Joseph writes a long letter to Bishop Edward Partridge in particular and the Saints in general. Parts of the letter are later extracted and form what is now D&C 121, 122, and 123. Besides these sections, the letter also encourages the Saints to have love, fellowship, and compassion on the orphans and the widows; expresses thanks for the letters he (the Prophet) has received; explains the reasons why the Lord tries his Saints; warns the Saints against pride; encourages the Saints to become friends with Isaac Galland; encourages abiding the law.

[He prophecies that "not many years hence ... [his enemies] and their posterity shall be swept from under heaven, saith God, that not one of them is left to stand by the wall". D&C 121:11]

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Mar 20, 1834

Took dinner at Brother Joseph Holbrook's. [At] night we tryed three times to git keept in the name of Deciples and could not be keept. After night we found a man who would keep us for mon[e]y. Thus we see that there /is/ more place for mon[e]y than for Jesus' /Deciples or/ the Lamb of God.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

45 years ago today - Mar 19, 1974-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Reed Durham was in the office this morning to see my Mormonism and Masonry file. It turned out that he has seen everything that is in my file. He is giving his presidential address to the Mormon History Association at Nauvoo [Illinois] on the subject of Mormons and Masonry. He says the whole Kingdom of God concept elaborated by Klaus Hansen is a Masonic concept and that the flag of the Kingdom of God about which Mike Quinn wrote his article is a Masonic flag. He thinks the whole political Kingdom of God developed in Nauvoo in 1842 and 1843 and stems from Joseph Smith's Masonic associations.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

125 years ago today - Mar 19, 1894

[Wilford Woodruff]
I had a Dream in the night. I met with Benjamin Franklin. I thought He was on the Earth. I spent several hours with him And talked over our Endowments. He wanted some more work done for him than had been done which I promised him He should have [.]) (2d <anointing>). I thought then He died and while waiting for burial I awoke. I thought vary strange of my Dream. I made up my mind to get 2d Anointing for Benjamin Franklin & George Washington.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Mar 19, 1889

[Wilford Woodruff]
Your letter of Feb. 27th, asking certain questions pertaining to Temple ordinances, has been received and considered. In regard to your last question, pertaining to a woman having been sealed and anointed [second anointing] to her husband, but subsequently divorced from him, he continuing a faithful, good man, etc, is she to be anointed to a second good man as though she never had been anointed? I answer, No. In such a case it will not be proper for the sister to be again anointed. Your second question as to my having any word for you in relation to adoption I would say it will be well to leave the matter of adoption for the present as they have been, and not make any changes. This will also answer your question in regard to going back as far as records can be obtained correctly in adoptions.

[Wilford Woodruff to John D. T. McAllister, Mar. 19, 1889, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

165 years ago today - Mar 19, 1854

[Brigham Young]
The people need instructing on the things around them. I wish to cheer the saints. I can give you revelation now and say: Verily, Verily, thus saith the Lord: Cease you wickedness. Cease speaking evil one of another. Love the things of God. Go to now with all your might and love his kingdom better than anything else. The people want chastisement and will get it. ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Mar 19, 1849

William Smith: Began ordaining apostles 19 Mar. 1849

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Mar 19, 1844 • Tuesday

[Council of Fifty]
E[lde]r Hyrum Smith followed the chairman and said that the time was at hand when the prophecies should be fulfilled, when the nations were ready to embrace the gospel and when the ensign should be lift up and the standard to the people and he believed if we will set up the standard and raise the ensign the honest in heart of all nations will immediately begin to flock to the standard of our God. ...

The name of the council was also read and unanimously accepted. after which Er John Taylor addressed the council ... [with] a view of the positions and prospects of the different nations of the earth. He referred especially to the United States England, Ireland, Scotland, France, Poland, Switzerland, Germany &c. ...

Er Willard Richards presented the following resolution for the consideration of the council— "Resolved that a "communication be made immediately to the General Government through our representative, Mr [John] Wentworth, specifying that General Joseph Smith will protect the Texas and Oregon from all foreign invasion if the General Government will authorise him to raise volunteers in the United States for that purpose" ...

On Monday the 11th. it was Resolved to draft a constitution which should be perfect, and embrace those principles which the constitution of the United States lacked, and on motion John Taylor Willard Richards, Wm W. Phelps and Parley P. Pratt were appointed a committee to draft a constitution and present it to this council for their approval or disaproval.

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

135 years ago today - Mar 18, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
My Hashish eating friend gave me further details at odd times today. Three of us in the University have entered upon the study of the Narcotics in use.

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

170 years ago today - Mar 18, 1849

[Hosea Stout]
... John Taylor who in the course of his remarks deprecated the practice of swearing & called on all who would agree to flog any one whom they heard to swear to raise their hands whereupon many did while many did not vote either way. I suppose they rightly considered that it would be rather a fast way of getting into business. This was my feelings.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

185 years ago today - Mar 18, 1834

Joseph Smith secretly ordains Lyman Wight as "Baneemy" which Wight understands as a military calling.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Mar 17, 1979

In one of his nationally syndicated essays, political conservative William F. Buckley praises the LDS missionary program as "a kind of privately financed peace corps."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

50 years ago today - 50 years ago - Mar 17, 1969

First Presidency Letter: "Where the military regulations are of a character that "hinders", that is, makes impossible the wearing of the regulation garments, either in training on the drill grounds or in combat zones, effort should be made to wear underclothing that will approach as near as may be the normal garment. Where military regulations require the wearing of two-piece underwear, such underwear should be properly marked, as if the articles were of the normal pattern. If circumstances are such that different underwear may be turned back to the wearer from that which he sends to the laundry, then the marks should be placed on small pieces of cloth and sewed upon the underwear while being worn, then removed when the underwear is sent to the laundry, and resewed upon the underwear returned. . . . Every effort should be made to protect the garments from the gaze and raillery of scoffers. . . . If the scoffing became unbearable and the wearer should decide that the Lord would consider he was really "hindered" by the scoffers from wearing the garments, and if he should therefore lay them aside, then the wearer should resume the wearing of the normal garment at the earliest possible moment. A certain amount of curiosity and light comment may be frequently expected, wherever, for one cause or another, the garments are brought into view, but this is not the "hindering" of which the Lord spoke as excusing obedience."

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - Mar 17, 1884

Future apostle James E. Talmage, at Johns Hopkins University, writes in his journal: "Mar 17. I have been engaged some time in the study of the effects of Narcotics upon the system, i.e. studying the same theoretically only. Today I found a gentleman who works in the same Laboratory as I, and who has for 2 years been addicted to the habit of eating Haschich or extract of Cannabis Indica. He was very willing to give me any data from his own experience; and gave me such." Five days later he includes himself as a subject by taking "Cannabis Indica" himself.

175 years ago today - 175 years ago - Mar 17, 1844

[Brigham Young]
William and Wilson Law and Robert D. Foster were cut off from the Church.

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Mar 17, 1839 (Sunday)

Thomas B. Marsh, formerly President of the Twelve, Wm. W. Phelps, Frederick G. Williams, George M. Hinkle and others were excommunicated from the Church at a conference held at Quincy, Ill.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Mar 17, 1839

[Brigham Young]
A letter was read to the people from the committee in behalf of the Saints at Far West, requesting teams and money to be sent back to remove fifty families of the Saints, who were left destitute of the means to move with, from there to Quincy. Though the brethren were poor and stripped of almost everything, yet they manifested a spirit of willingness to do their utmost, offering to sell their hats, coats and shoes to accomplish the object. We broke bread and partook of the sacrament. At the close of the meeting $50 was collected in money, and several teams were subscribed to go and bring the brethren. Among the subscribers was widow Warren Smith, whose husband and son had their brains blown out, and another son shot to pieces at the massacre at Haun's Mill. She sent her only team on this charitable mission.

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

170 years ago today - Mar 17, 1849

Brigham Young instructs Council of Fifty regarding two imprisoned men: "He would show them he was not afraid to take their Head but do as you please with them." Council allows them to live.

120 years ago today - Mar 17, 1899

[Brigham Young Jr.]
God is blessing the people. I pray Him earnestly to open the way the Pres[ident] [George Q.] Cannon may go to the Senate for I believe he is the man that God wants there to defend His people from the assaults of of lunatic religionists and people here who are robbers and have one desire to drive us out & have our warm places.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

5 years ago today - 2014-03-17

Church PR Department rejected Ordain Women's Ticket Request

The Church PRDepartment published a letter in the Deseret News rejecting Ordain Women's request for 250 tickets to the Priesthood Session of Conference. The letter states that the press will be barred from Temple Square and states the Ordain Women should be relegated to the "Free Speech Zones" located outside of Temple Square. "

[Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

55 years ago today - Mar 16, 1964

Sharlene C. Wells (Hawkes), later the second Latter-day Saint to be crowned Miss America (1985), is born in Asuncion, Paraguay.

70 years ago today - Mar 16, 1949

The Church News reports that a paraplegic convert Mrs. Luett J. Standliff has been baptized while strapped to a stretcher in the Salt Lake Tabernacle baptistery.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Mar 16, 1909; Tuesday

[Heber J. Grant]
4:20 had a long talk with Brother A[lpha]. J. Higgs regarding the manifesto issued by the Church. I learned that some people think that there is a chance for plural marriages to be performed, notwithstanding this manifesto and all the declarations that have been made by the Presidency and the Apostles. Brother Higgs assured me that he would use his influence to correct any such impression as this.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

115 years ago today - Mar 16, 1904

Carl A. Badger, secretary to Apostle and U.S. Senator Reed Smoot writes a letter to a friend: "The people at home may be proud of the showing we have made here, but I am not. It was with humiliation that I heard the brethren acknowledge that the[y] had broken the law of God and of their country. I know that it is folly to condemn individuals when we all are in the same muddle. Public sentiment, the sentiment that you and I have helped create, has sustained them in what they have done. The great wrong is in an attempt to continue what we have promised to give up [polygamy]. I for one hope that the whole truth will come out; I am not in a mood to hide a thing."

115 years ago today - Mar 16, 1904

[John W. Taylor to Joseph F. Smith]
I received telegram and letter about going to Washington [D.C.] for the purpose of testifying in the [Reed] Smoot case [Senate hearings], and I think I fully appreciate what you say upon the subject, and, I must ask you to excuse me from complying with your request in this respect, both on account of my business interests and my own positive disinclinations to do so. ...

[John W. Taylor, Letter to Joseph F. Smith, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 16, 1899

Pres. Jos. F. Smith said a question had been asked in reference to baptism for the dead. Read from Alma (Book of Mormon), Chap. 34, Verses 32, 33, 34, and 35. How can these passages, it was asked, be reconciled with [the] principle of the baptism for the dead? After a few moments of animated discussion, the idea seemed to prevail among the brethren, that, at the time of uttering those words, Amulek could not possibly have been acquainted with the principle of baptism for the dead.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Mar 16, 1894

[James E. Talmage]
After the Legislature cuts the University of Utah's allocated budget by half, Talmage writes the following in his journal:

Personally, I have never had a desire for the presidency of the institution, and I am loath to step on deck just in time to marshal all hands as the vessel goes down. […] Did I think that the actions of the last Legislature represented the voice and wishes of the people, I should despair of the University's life; but I am convinced that the people have its interests at heart. the University of Utah, under name of the University of Deseret, was founded by Latter-day Saints in the earliest days of the settlement of Utah, in the days of the people's direst poverty. I have faith that it will live. [Journal]

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

135 years ago today - Mar 16, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
"In the course of my studies I have naturally been brought face to face with the alleged atheistic tendency of scientific thought and the conflict usually said to exist between Science and Religion. Now, I have felt in a dilemma—and begin now to fancy I see a way out. I have been unable to see the point of conflict myself:—my belief in a loving God perfectly accords with my reverence for science, and I can see no reason why the evolution of animal bodies cannot be true—as indeed the facts of observation make it difficult to deny—and still the soul of man is of divine origin. The dilemma which has troubled me is this—being unable to perceive the great difficulty of which Scientists, and Theologians, and Scientific-theologians refer—I have feared that my investigation of the subject was highly superficial, for when such great men as most of the writers upon this subject are—find a puzzle, it would be high egotism for me to say I find no puzzle. And the fancied exit which I see has appeared from my reading some of John Stuart Mills' writings and I feel—that if I had none other idea of a Deity that those men have, viz., that of an unknown being, whose acts as Mill says "contrary to the highest human morality"—I too would hail atheism with delight. I could never believe in such a God as theirs, not though one should rise from the grave to declare Him to me. And just as certainly do I perceive that there can be no antagonism between the true science as revealed and made easy by the Priesthood, and the God whose attributes and passions of love and mercy are also declared by that same Priesthood [...]"

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

140 years ago today - Mar 16, 1879

[John Gilbert]
... I asked [Martin] Harris once if he had really seen the plates with his naked eyes?--his reply was, No, but with spiritual eyes. ...

[John H. Gilbert to James T. Cobb, 16 March 1879, Theodore A. Schroeder Papers, Rare Books and Manuscripts Division, New York Public Library, New York, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: John H. Gilbert To James T. Cobb]

175 years ago today - Mar 16, 1844

The last Relief Society meeting in Nauvoo is held. The Relief Society doesn't officially meet for ten years. Emma says "if thier ever was any authourity on the Earth she had it— and had yet." She has the sisters vote to sustain Joseph Smith's "Voice of Innocence," which promoted sexual fidelity, and that she wanted "to examin the conduct of their Leaders of this Society— that you may sit in judgement on their heads". Some of the leadership of the society were secretly married to her husband Joseph.

John Taylor later gave the reason that Joseph's wife Emma "made use of the position she held [Relief society president] to try to pervert the minds of the sisters in relation to [plural marriage]."

180 years ago today - Mar 16, 1839

[Wilford Woodruff]
... I Concluded to go & spent the night with Brother Hale & we had an interesting time together in talking about our travels together upon the Islands of the Sea & also Br Hale gave me an account of his sufferings & those of his family & all the Saints in Missouri during the past winter. For they have suffered much from the inhaditants of Missouri who have turned mob with Governour Bogs at their head. They came upon the Saints from time to time in battle aray. They shot the Saints down like wild beasts & butcherd others in cool blood &nocked the brains out of some after they [had] taken them prisioners. The soldiers shot down the cattle cows & hogs of the Saints for the purpose of destroying them.

The Saints at times stood in their own defence & some of their enemies fell befor them & In consequence of which the Governour Issued orders for the final extermination of the Saints out of the State & sent a general after his own heart to execute his orders forthwith ...

Elder David W. Patten one of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Chosen to bear the keys of this last kingdom was one of the marters of the persecution in Missouri in the winter of 1838 he sealed his testimony with his Blood. He died strong in that faith that he had boldly declared through the U.S.A. for the last 7 years of his life &c.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

10 years ago today - Mar 15, 2009

HBO TV program "Big Love," about a Mormon Fundamentalist plural family, shows a dramatization of LDS temple Endowment ceremony. Photos of actors in Temple robes are printed in TV guide concerning the program. "Tokens" and veil ceremony are shown in detail.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

40 years ago today - Mar 15, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Alice Smith telephoned this afternoon to say that she had changed her mind about the advice she gave me a month or so ago. At that time she had said that women's affairs in the Church in general and the Relief Society in particular were in such a bad state that she did not think it would be desirable to write a history of the Relief Society at this time. It would be too negative. Alice says that she has changed her mind. She thinks women's affairs in the Church have been down for three or four years but she thinks the pendulum has swung the other way. She had received some confidential information which she cannot reveal to me yet but will later, which suggests that things are on the up in women's affairs. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

65 years ago today - Mar 15, 1954

O. Meredith Wilson is appointed as president of the University of Oregon. Other Mormons appointed as university presidents outside of the intermountain states are Vern O. Knudsen (UCLA, 1959), G. Homer Durham (Arizona State University, 1960), O. Meredith Wilson (University of Minnesota, 1960), Stanford Cazier (California State University at Chico, 1971), E. Gordon Gee (West Virginia University, 1981), David P. Gardner (University of California system, 1984), E. Gordon Gee (University of Colorado, 1985; Ohio State University, 1990), V. Lane Rawlins (Memphis State University, 1990).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Mar 15, 1949

Thirty-one-year-old Harold Brown arrives in Buenos Aires as the new president of the Argentina Mission. He is a former FBI agent with experience as a U.S. Vice-Consul in Uruguay. Suspicious Argentine authorities arrest him temporarily on 9 Sept. This is the beginning of strategic church assignments given to Mormons with training in U.S. intelligence and security services.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

85 years ago today - Mar 15, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
Had a splendid night's sleep and awoke at 4:45. After my usual forty-five minutes of exercises in bed, which I take nearly every day of my life ... Talked some letters to my dictaphone before getting out of bed.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Mar 15, 1889

[Franklin D. Richards]
Apostle John W. Taylor is wrestling with an article for publication in the News'-making acknowledgments for his outlandish talk [that polygamy would not be abandoned] in Nephi [Utah] at conference on 3d inst.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Mar 15, 1844

Joseph H. Jackson, R. D. Foster, William and Wilson Law, and Chauncy Higbee hold secret meetings opposing Joseph Smith.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - Mar 15, 1844

Hyrum Smith, in TIMES AND SEASONS, publicly rebukes the Saints in China Creek, Hancock County: "some of your elders say, that a man having a certain priesthood, may have as many wives as he pleases, and that doctrine is taught here: I say unto you that that man teaches false doctrine, for there is no such doctrine taught here; neither is there any such thing practiced here. And any man that is found teaching privately or publicly any such doctrine, is culpable, and will stand a chance to be brought before the High Council, and lose his license and membership also: therefore he had better beware what he is about."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Circa mid-March 1829

Lucy Harris brings suit against Joseph Jr. at Lyons (NY), during which Martin Harris and others testify. Case dismissed.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

190 years ago today - about Sunday, Mar 15, 1829

Translation of the Book of Mosiah is complete.

[Watson, Elden, Approximate Book of Mormon Translation Timeline, http://www.eldenwatson.net/BoM.htm]

110 years ago today - Mar 14, 1909; Sunday

I attended the regular conference of the Salt Lake Stake, and spoke 50 minutes, principally on Prohibition ... Some of my remarks were rather caustic with reference to the attitude of the federal officials, and their fight against prohibition.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Mar 14, 1899; Tuesday

The First Presidency received a call from Sisters Elmina S. Taylor and Maria Y. Dougall, who bore letters from Sister Susa Young Gates, informing them that Mrs. May Wright Sewall, President of the National Woman's Council of America, had invited Sister Gates to become a delegate to the Quinquennial International Council of Women, to be held in London [England] next June. Sister Gates and Sisters Taylor and Dougall as well, desired to know the mind of the Presidency upon this point. They felt that Sister Gates should accept the appointment. The subject assigned her is the same on which she spoke at the Trans-Mississippi Council of Women, namely, Household Economics, and because of the able manner in which she handled it on that occasion, Mrs. Sewall wanted her to speak upon it at the London Council. ...

Sister Anna, a Sandwich Island girl, who went to Washington [D.C.] with other sisters to attend the Council of Women, called and thanked the Presidency for sending her. She brought a message from Queen Lil- ex-monarch of Hawaii, who wished her to say to the Presidency that her presence and her speech in the Council had done more good for the Sandwich Island people than anything else on that occasion.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

140 years ago today - Mar 14, 1879

[Wilford Woodruff]
14 We drove to Lees Ferry and Crossed. I here left Br Johnson who was the ferryman and at home. We then Crossed the Mountain Called Lees Back bone which we named the Hogs Back. It was the worst hill Ridge or Mountain that I Ever attempted to Cross with a team and waggon on Earth. We had 4 Horses on a waggon of 1,500 lb weight and for two rods we Could ownly gain from 4 inches to 24 with all the power of the horses & two men rolling at the hind wheels and going Down on the other side was still more Steep rocky and sandy which would make it much worse than going up on the North side.

I visited the Great Colorado for the first time in my life whare I went to the River. I found it runing between two Stone walls some 2,000 feet high perpendicular. The river itself looked small being such distance from the top of the Earth. We drove to the Navajos Spring watered our horses and drove mile and Camped. 16 M.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 14, 1844 • Thursday

[Council of Fifty]
This day the council was together all day again, and the same subjects continued in discussion: as previously. The name of the council was discussed and the Lord was pleased to give the following Revelation; "Verily thus saith the Lord, this is the name by which you shall be called, The Kingdom of God and his Laws, with the keys and power thereof, and judgement in the hands of his servants.

Ahman Christ."

This was read to the council and a vote taken whether the members would adopt that as their name. the vote was unanimous in the affirmative. When this was given there was a general feeling of joy and gratitude ran through the brethren, every heart was satisfied and we had a season of rejoicing before the Lord. It was considered wisdom to burn the minutes in consequence of treachery and plots of designing men.—

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

175 years ago today - Mar 14, 1844

Lucian Woodworth, a gentile member of the Council of Fifty and Nauvoo House architect, is dispatched to Austin, Texas to begin negotiations with the Texas government over a place for Mormons to relocate.

175 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 14, 1844

[Benjamin F. Johnson]
About this time was organized his private council of Fifty,-the embryo kingdom of God upon the earth-an organization distinct from the Church, a nucleus of popular government which will exist for all people when heathen are given [up] for an inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth as a possession "to Him whose right it is to reign"; a government formed of representatives from every nation, principality or tribe upon the earth; a government of God for the people and by the people, in which man will be taught to know his origin and to govern himself, which will continue through the millennial period as the outer wall or government around the inner temple of priesthood, until all are come to the knowledge of God.

[Benjamin F. Johnson autobiography, 87, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

130 years ago today - Mar 13, 1889

At the First Presidency residence, Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, Joseph F. Smith, Franklin D. Richards, John Henry Smith, Moses Thatcher, and Heber J. Grant met to reprimand John W. Taylor for making public remarks that polygamy was not a dead issue and would not be abandoned. Confronted by Wilford Woodruff, Taylor insists that anyone who claimed that polygamy was not mandatory misunderstood the principle. Taylor makes a number of other accusations, but under pressure from colleagues he eventually agrees to make things right. In light of recent federal legislation the church was trying to eliminate public acknowledgment of new plural marriages. President Wilford Woodruff and counselor George Q. Cannon visits the Utah Territorial Penitentiary, "There were over 100 of the Saints there including a Dozon Bishops. They all looked Clean & Comfortable for a Prision."

160 years ago today - Mar 13, 1859

Two members of the Twelve, Charles C. Rich and Wilford Woodruff assist a team of doctors in removing a gall stone. "Cloriform at 7 minutes before 3 oclock. We first Consecrated a bottle of oil & administered it to him by laying on of hands. We gave him an ounce of Cloriform & some 3 oz of Either [ether]. We were 45 minutes giving him the Cloriform. . . . They run a tube up the penus into the bladder, then Cut into the body by the side of the tube in the bladder. He was 10 minutes cutting to the Stone & 14 minutes taking it away making 24 minutes in the operation. The stone was of a dark sand stone Couler, vary rough surface."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Mar 13, 1849

Apostle George A. Smith writes sixteen-year-old Joseph Smith III, asking him to come to Utah, with or without his mother.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Mar 13, 1844

The Council of Fifty appoints Amos Fielding as theocratic ambassador to England. Ambassadorial appointments to the Republic of Texas, the United States, France, and Russia soon follow.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

195 years ago today - Mar 13, 1824

Large revivals in Palmyra area – Lucy Mack Smith, Hyrum, Sophronia and Harrison join Presbyterians.

[Natural Born Seer, Richard Van Wagoner p. 208; Chronology of Mormon History, http://followtheprophets.com/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

35 years ago today - 35 years ago - Mar 12, 1984

BYU's DAILY UNIVERSE letter to the editor concerning four drawings by undergraduate artist Bob Adams which were removed from a student art exhibition by officials as being "potentially offensive:" "LDS artists cannot and should not ignore the [human] figure, for that would be admitting that the body is evil. . . . If the viewer sees [the drawings] as [erotic, suggestive, or pornographic], perhaps she should examine her own thoughts"

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - 35 years ago - Mar 12, 1984

BYU's DAILY UNIVERSE letter to the editor concerning four drawings by undergraduate artist Bob Adams which were removed from a student art exhibition by officials as being "potentially offensive:" "LDS artists cannot and should not ignore the [human] figure, for that would be admitting that the body is evil. . . . If the viewer sees [the drawings] as [erotic, suggestive, or pornographic], perhaps she should examine her own thoughts"

130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Mar 12, 1889 (Tuesday)

In the First District Court, at Provo, Thos. Didriksen, of Spanish Fork, was sentenced by Judge Judd to 65 days' imprisonment, and Hans Nielsen (who had just served a term in the Penitentiary, for u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]) to 125 days' imprisonment, for "adultery." Nielsen petitioned for a writ of habeas corpus, representing that he was being punished twice for the same offense. The writ was refused, and the case appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - 140 years ago - Mar 12, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
Council of apostles agree to have Orson Pratt publish new edition of Doctrine and Covenants in English with margin notes and index.

[Joseph F. Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

165 years ago today - 165 years ago - Mar 12, 1854

After the funeral of Second Counselor Willard Richards, Heber C. Kimball councils the family: "He advised the family all to hold together & remain as they were on his inheritants & not marry again but to keep themselves for him . . ." Richards was survived by eleven widows. Richards is the first member of the Twelve Apostles or First Presidency to die of natural causes. The first General Authority to die of natural causes was Patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Mar 12, 1849

Disregarding the newly created Constitution of the State of Deseret, the Council of Fifty holds elections with a slate of unopposed candidates. The Church paper the MILLENIAL STAR reports: "The Election Came off to day and resulted in the unanimous choice of Brigham Young as Governor, Willard Richards Secretary, N[ewell] K. Whitney Treasurer, H[eber] C Kimball Chief Justice, John Tailor and N[ewell] K. Whitney Associate Judges, Daniel H. Wells Attorney General Horace Eldridge Marshall, Albert Carrington Assessor and Collector Joseph L Heywood surveyor of Highways And the Bishops of the several wards as magistrates."

30 years ago today - Mar 11, 1989

The Salt Lake Tribune reports that several Mormon men have telephoned death threats to Edwin B. Firmage for publicly advocating the ordination of LDS women to priesthood office. Two days earlier the Tribune reported that those remarks by Firmage, University of Utah law professor, former bishop, and grandson of former First Presidency counselor Hugh B. Brown. However, there are no church sanctions against Firmage.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

35 years ago today - Mar 11, 1984-Sunday

[Leonard Arrington]
Lester Bush talked to me on the telephone a couple of days ago. He said that he had become acquainted with a psychiatrist, non-Mormon, who had been invited by the Church some twenty years ago to go to SLC to study why so many returned missionaries, or missionaries, had come down with schizophrenia. He had felt it was because the pressure was on them to do a lot of baptisms and they couldn't take it. It was during the baseball baptism period of the 1960s. [[During that period some missionaries attracted teenagers to group sports and told them that baptism was an initiation to join a team.]] He had come to know President Hugh Brown, who he thought had ordered the study. Admired him very much. He was overseeing the study. Why so many had become homosexuals had been lumped with it.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

50 years ago today - Mar 11, 1969

David Ben-Gurion, Israel's former prime minister, tells Apostle Ezra Taft Benson: "There are no people in the world who understand Jews like Mormons." Benson replies: "Mr. Ben-Gurion, there are no people in this world who understand the world like the Mormons."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

115 years ago today - Mar 11, 1904 (Friday)

An anti-Mormon political meeting was held at Bamberger's Hall, Salt Lake City by a small number of disgruntled politicians and anti-Mormons. The object of the meeting was to organize for fighting the "Mormons."

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

130 years ago today - Monday, March 11th, 1889

Speaking of the sacrament he [George Q. Cannon] said he believed considerable of our sickness was due to our partaking unworthily of these emblems. He called upon the Stake Presidency and Bishops to refuse the sacrament to those whom they knew were not worthy to receive and told them that if they did not follow this counsel the sins of the unrighteous individual would follow them.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

165 years ago today - Mar 11, 1854

Willard Richards dies in Salt Lake City at age Wilford Woodruff writes, "He is the first man that has died a natural death in this Church & kingdom from the First Presidency or Twelve Apostles. All that have died before have been mart[y]red. Richards was with Joseph and Hyrum Smith at Carthage Jail when Joseph and Hyrum were assassinated. He was the only one of four Mormons in the jail that were not wounded or killed.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Mar 11, 1849

[Hosea Stout]
S. wind & cloudy & then snowed and quite disagreeable & muddy. At home. The 13 [American Indian] women & children which we left after Indian fight has arrived here prefering to abide with us it seems rathur than to live with the Utahs on the Provo.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Mar 11, 1844

Joseph Smith becomes the prophet, priest and king of newly organized Council of Fifty. Several accounts give a sense how different attendees perceived the meeting:

—Historian's Office history "Had a very interesting time, the Spirit of the Lord was with us, and we closed the Council with loud shouts of Hosanna!"

—William Clayton "We had a glorious interview. President Joseph [Smith] was voted our P[rophet] P[riest] & K[ing] with loud Hosannas."

—Brigham Young "we had an interesting time, & closed the Council with shouts of Hosannah."

Over time, the council was known by various titles, including the "Kingdom of God", "General Council", "Grand Council", "The Perfect Organization of the Church", "Council of the Kingdom", "Quorum of Fifty", "The Living Constitution", "Council of 50,000", "Council of Ytfif", "council of fifty princes of the kingdom", "Council of Elders", "Council of L", "Council of the Priesthood", and other titles. The lengthy revealed name was too long for practical use, leading to a multitude of nicknames, and gives a sense of how members of the council perceived themselves.

Virtually the entire First Presidency, Quorum of Twelve, and Presiding Bishopric were inducted into the council when it was first organized in 1844. Three-fourths of the male members of the Quorum of Anointed were also invited to become members. Perhaps most distinctively, three non-Mormons were also invited to join the council , making it clear that Joseph envisioned the council not as part of the Church, but an independent, male organization expanding beyond the Church. New members were anointed and taught a '"Charge," "The name," & "Key word," and the "Constitution," and "Penalty"' in a temple-like ritual. Members were considered the council's "living constitution" , transcending the U.S. Constitution . Despite its conspicuous overlap of highly placed members from other governing groups in the Church, it was considered distinct from the Church per se. Council member Joseph Fielding considered it "a Shield round about the Church".

Statements from quorum members give us insight into how Joseph and other quorum members viewed the role of the council:

Clayton felt they replicated "the Grand Council amongst the Gods when the organization of this world was contemplated".

Benjamin F. Johnson thought it would be the "the embryo kingdom of God . . . an organization distinct from the Church . . . formed of representatives from every nation . . . which will continue through the millennial period as the outer wall or government around the inner temple".

George Miller believed that if voters could be converted, and if they "elected Joseph President . . . the dominion of the kingdom would be forever established in the United States. And if not successful, we could but fall back on Texas, and be a kingdom notwithstanding".

Lyman Wight believed that the Fifty were "organized to bear off the kingdom triumphantly over the head of every opposition, and to establish Zion no more to be thrown down forever".

Orson Pratt considered the council as "the only legal government that can exist in any part of the universe" with all other governments "illegal and unauthorized".

Jed Rogers, editor of the Council of Fifty: A Documentary History concludes that they were "to establish a worldly kingdom that would usurp all others and receive Jesus at His Second Coming".

[Clair Barrus, Response to: "What Is This?: The Nauvoo Council of Fifty Minutes ...", https://www.academia.edu/34080046/Response_to_What_Is_This_The_Nauvoo_Council_of_Fifty_Minutes_]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 10, 1904

[Rudger Clawson]
Pres. [James G.] Duffin wrote that he was unable to get the temple lot at Independence for the sum of $24,500, which he had tendered, but he was still negotiating for same. There was no doubt, he said, that the purchase could be made for about $26,000. It became the sense of the council by vote that the purchase be made immediately at the best terms possible up to $26,000.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Mar 10, 1899

[James E. Talmage]
In this evenings issue of the "Deseret News" appeared the first public announcement of the prospective book on the "Articles of Faith." This first mention is made by the President of the Church ...

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

130 years ago today - Mar 10, 1889

As we drove home Father [First Presidency counselor George Q. Cannon] ... asked me what I understood concerning Mary conceiving the Savior; and as I found no answer he asked what was to prevent Father Adam from visiting and overshadowing the mother of Jesus.

'Then' said I, 'he must have been a resurrected Being.'

'Yes,' said he, 'and though Christ is said to have been the first fruits of them that slept, yet the Savior said he did nothing but what He had seen His Father do, for He had power to lay down His life and take it up again. Adam, though made of dust, was made, as Pres. Young said, of the dust of another planet than this.'

I was very much instructed by the conversation and this day's services. [Note: This excerpt was excluded from 'An Apostles Record: The Journals of Abraham H. Cannon']

[Abraham H. Cannon (Author), Edward Leo Lyman (Editor), Candid Insights of a Mormon Apostle: The Diaries of Abraham H. Cannon, 1889-1895, Signature Books]

170 years ago today - Mar 10, 1849

[Wilford Woodruff]
... [I] recieved the Herald N york weekly. It contained the Closing & breaking up of Congress which was A disgraceful scene. The member got drunk, fought, knocked each other down had bloody noses cursed damned &c which shows the state the Government is runing into. Elders J. C. Little & Whipple called upon me & spent the evening. I had a good time with them.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 10, 1844, Sunday

The philosophical roots for the organization of the Council of Fifty reached back many years, and were directly related to the millennial expectations of the church. The immediate impetus, however, came from two letters signed by Lyman Wight and four other brethern who were working in the church's lumber camps in Black River Falls, Wisconsin Territory. These were read at a special meeting of the Twelve, Bishop George Miller, and the Nauvoo Temple Committee on the evening of 10 March 1844. The letters proposed a grandiose plan for Mormon colonization in the Southwest, and led to an important discussion where, according to Clayton, ``many great and glorious ideas were advanced.''

[Joseph Smith Journal entry:] 4 1/2 P.M. I [Joseph Smith] met the 12 [apostles] Bishop [George] Miller, Temple Committee at Nauvoo Mansion. A Letter was read from Lyman Wight ... about removing [the saints moving] to the Table Lands of Texas ^Saxet^ &c. &c. ...

Joseph asked, ["]can this council keep what I say, not make it Public["] all held up their hands. Copy the Constitution of the U S. [Place it in the] hands of a select committee [to use as a guide for the Council of Fifty]. No laws can be enacted but what every man can be protected. Grant their petition, go ahead concern[i]ng the [mission to the] indians & southern states &c. Send 25 men by / the y^r^enip- through to Santa Fee ^Atnas Eef^ &c., and if Houston ^Notsuoh^ will embrace the gospel [we] can amend that constitution & make it the voice of Jehovah and shame the U. S. ...

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

175 years ago today - Mar 10, 1844

[Joseph Smith]
I attended meeting at the Stand by the Temple and preached on the subject of the spirit of /Elias/ Elijah, and Mesiah clearly defining the offices of the 3 personages. The Savior will not come this year /nor 40 years to come/ [as opposed to Millerite predictions for an imminent return]. The bow has been seen in the cloud and in that year that the bow is seen seed time and harvest will be, but when the bow ceases to be seen look out for a famine. ...

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1844, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

175 years ago today - Mar 10, 1844

Joseph ... talks about the impossibility of murderers receiving forgiveness without going through hell, and states, "The Lord once told me that what I asked for I should have. I have been afraid to ask God to kill my enemies, lest some of them should, peradventure, repent."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Before 10th of March, 1839

[Benjamin F. Johnson]
And often at Mother Huntington's did we have the most spirited and enjoyable testimony or prayer meetings. There the gift of tongues came to me in power, and never has it left me. To Sister Zina was both the gift of tongues and interpretation given, and under the influence of our spiritual enjoyment it seemed we formed a mutual attachment, which before I left Far West grew into feelings of reciprocal love, with hopes, which although not realized in full, did not hinder our being ever the warmest and truest of friends.

[Autobiography of Benjamin F. Johnson]

30 years ago today - Mar 9, 1989.

Edwin B. Firmage, a grandson of Hugh B. Brown and a professor of constitutional law at the University of Utah, states in a lecture at the Salt Lake City Cathedral of the Madeleine, "I long for that time when four black people, three of them women, will sit on the stand as general authorities."

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

120 years ago today - Mar 9, 1899; Thursday

Some voluminous correspondence, recently received from Elder F[erdinand]. F. Hintze in Turkey, was referred to Apostle Anthon H. Lund, who stated the substance of it to be: That the Protestant sects were concentrating their efforts against our people in Aintab and Aleppo, by getting their employers to either discharge them or reduce their wages. Three hundred dollars had been appropriated to help these people purchase looms and be independent of employers, and Brother Hintze now asked for an additional two hundred dollars. He also reminded the Presidency that the hall rent for a year would be due in May.

President Snow asked Brother Lund if these people had received a testimony for themselves, so that they might be relied upon to remain in the Church if assistance were withheld. Brother Lund answered that he regarded them as children but believed that they were growing stronger. Brother Hintze also asked for fifteen missionaries, but Brother Lund thought that five would perhaps be sufficient. The traveling expenses of each missionary would be about $800.

Nothing was done in relation to missionaries, but on motion of President Cannon the two hundred dollars asked for by Brother Hintze was appropriated, to help the Armenian Saints to be self-supporting. This amount on motion of President Richards, was subsequently increased to $340, the increased appropriation to meet hall rent.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 9, 1899

[Rudger Clawson]
Today is the last day of the legislature and the members are trying hard to elect a senator. It requires 32 votes to elect. A[lfred]. W. McCune has received 29, and Pres. Cannon, whose name was sprung on Wednesday for the first time, received 13 and later 15 and 23 votes.

[No senator was elected, and Utah continued with just one senator]

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - Mar 9, 1884

Samuel W. Richards said whare a Man had 2 or 3 wives one After the other and did not have but one at a time He would Still be in Poligamy in the next world, the same as though He had them all at once.

Joseph F Smith thought Different from Br Richards. He thought in that way a Man would not be Carrying out the Patriarchal Law of marriage. If that would have answerd he did not see the necesity of the Lord Commanding Joseph the Prophet to take several wifes at the same time. An Angel of God Stood by him with a drawn Sword and told him he should be slain & Cut off from the Earth and the kingdom of God if he did not obey that Law.

G Q Cannon was of the same opinion, that A man must have more then one wife at a time in order to obey that Law. But He said He believed there would be men in the Celestial Kingdom that had but one wife and Some who had no wife and some who had several wifes would not get there at all. For good Men died without having the Privilege and men would be Judged according to their desires as well as their acts and those men who died without the gospel and would have received it if they had a Chance will receive it hereafter & be saved in the Celestial Kingdom. So with those who would have received the Patriarchal Order of Marriage if they had a Chance will be saved in the Celestial Kingdom.

W Woodruff agreed with Brothers Smith & Cannon in this principle. He spoke of the Temporal Blessings the Lord had poured out upon those who had Entered into it faithfully.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Mar 9, 1879

Bro W [Wilford Woodruff] related a circumstance of the Prophet Joseph Smith in relation to some Mounds, they found while traveling to Far West . . . Joseph had a vision which showed him this Mans Name was Zelph who lived in the days of Onandagus [he was a Lamanite & was white] he was a great Warrior.

[Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 9, 1844

General Relief-Society president Emma Smith preaches to the Relief Society:"it was high time for Mothers to watch over their Daughters & exhort them to keep the path of Virtue" She then asks "by vote, who would be willing to receive the principles of Virtue, keep the commandments of God and uphold the Prestss [Priestess?] in puting <down> iniquity." In a second meeting the same day she asks "all to take heed to their ways; and follow the teachings of Brother Joseph; and when he Preaches against Vice to take heed to it; and said, he meant what he said." Joseph's personal secretary, William Clayton said Joseph "was weeping and seemed very sorrowful."

Within a week the Relief Society meetings are discontinued as it is felt that Emma is preaching coded messages against her husband's secret practice of plural marriage. John Taylor later explained: "the meetings were discontinued" because "Emma Smith the Pres[ident] taught the sisters that the principle of plural marriage . . . was not of God."

115 years ago today - Mar 8, 1904

Apostle, and U.S. Senator, Reed Smoot's 25-year-old personal secretary, Carl A. Badger writes: "I believe, that we all feel that the case is much more serious than it was ever thought it would be. . . . " The Senate investigation on seating Smoot has just begun and lasts for three more years. Concerning Church President Joseph F. Smith's recent testimony before the committee Badger writes: "The admissions made by President Smith have aroused great newspaper indignation, . . ." President Smith had admitted to continuing to live with his plural wives after the manifesto in violation of both the laws of the land and of the church.

115 years ago today - Mar 8, 1904

[Reed Smoot hearings]
... Apostle [Francis M.] Lyman also testified in the forenoon meeting, and Bro[ther] Lyman was also kept on during the whole afternoon session. He seemed to get confused and his answers, especially his answers or endeavors to explain revelation.

[Andrew Jenson Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Mar 8, 1899; Wednesday

Brother Mons Peterson called and conversed with Apostle John Henry Smith regarding the obligation of $5,000, owing by him to the Church. He promised to pay the interest on the principal and as much of the principal as he possibly could this year, but he feared that he would not be able to pay as much as $1,000; but after this year he promised to pay $1,000 annually on the principal until it and the interest had been paid. His statement was reported to President Snow.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

150 years ago today - Mar 8, 1869 (Monday)

The Union Pacific Railroad was completed to Ogden, and a celebration held there in honor of the event.

The Utah Central Railway company was organized, with Brigham Young as president.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Mar 8, 1869 (Monday)

The University of Deseret was opened in the Council House, Salt Lake City.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Mar 8, 1844

The Times and Seasons publishes a carefully-worded denial of the practice of polygamy.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - Mar 8, 1844

Anointed Quorum approves Joseph Smith's second choice for his vice-president, non-Mormon Solomon Copeland of Tennessee. Joseph's first choice, James Arlington Bennet, is removed from the ticket because he "was a native of Ireland and could not be Vice President."

180 years ago today - Mar 8, 1839

Alanson Ripley brings news from Joseph in Liberty jail that the Saints should sell all lands in Missouri, including the lands that they own in Jackson County. They make about $2700 from these sales, which greatly helps the poorer Saints in moving from Far West to Illinois.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

60 years ago today - Mar 7, 1959

The Church News, after twenty-eight years without advertisements, begins advertising for such diverse enterprises as music stores, mortuaries, furniture stores, insurance agencies, banks, savings and loans, camera stores, jewelers, car dealerships, travel agencies, television repair, optical shops, and movie theaters. As the largest single advertisement, American Motors president George W. Romney features himself in a one-and-three-fourths-page spread for Kelvinator appliances on 20 June 1959. The Commercial ads cease after 24 Sept. 1960.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Mar 7, 1944

Coordinated raid by FBI and local police to arrest polygamist men. Two heavily armed FBI agents and two Salt Lake City police enter Joseph W. Musser's home at 6 A.M. After placing Musser under arrest, they began to search his office for records. They present no search warrant but continue to search, despite Musser's numerous protestations to stop. Musser is taken to the county jail where he finds "a large congregation of my brothers. Of the Priesthood Council, were John V. Barlow, myself, Charles F. Zitting, LeGrand Woolley, Louis A. Kelsch, also Guy H. Musser and Rulon T. Jeffs." Musser is charged with federal conspiracy, state conspiracy, and cohabitation. Sixty years previously his father, Joseph White Musser joined the "honor roll" of Mormon men imprisoned for their belief in plural marriage.

The First Presidency issues a statement about the case: "We commend and uphold the federal government, in its efforts through the office of the United States district attorney and assisting agencies to bring before the bar of justice those who have violated the law." Apostle Hugh B. Brown writes of the case: "The Church has in fact assisted in obtaining the information leading to the indictments, and a 'Mormon Elder' is the prosecuting attorney"

130 years ago today - Mar 7, 1889

The New York Times gives its first theatre review for actress Maude Adams, born of "Gentile" father and Mormon mother. One of the era's most popular Broadway actresses, Maude Adams creates and repeats the title role of Peter Pan (1905, 1912, 1914, 1915).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Mar 7, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
I met in Council at the Endowment House and decided Concerning the sizes of the Altars in the Temple.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 7, 1844

At a meeting at the Nauvoo Temple, William W. Phelps read Smith's presidential platform and he was "unanimously, with one exception" nominated as a candidate for President of the United States. Explaining his views on slavery and westward expansion, Smith said that he would free the slaves from a few states, compensate their owners, annex Texas, and settle the freed slaves in Texas, where they would act as a buffer of human flesh against the British, who were also attempting to gain control of Texas:

"British officers are now running all over Texas to establish British influence in that country.... It will be more honorable for us to receive Texas and set the negroes free, and use the negroes and Indians against our foes....How much better it is for the nation to bear a little expense than to have the Indians and British upon us and destroy us all.... The South holds the balance of power. By annexing Texas, I can do away with this evil. As soon as Texas was annexed, I would liberate the slaves in two or three States, indemnifying [i.e. compensating] their owners, and send the negroes to Texas, and from Texas to Mexico, where all colors are alike. And if that was not sufficient, I would call upon Canada, and annex it."

[LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

20 years ago today - 20 years ago - Mar 6, 1999

[Gorden B. Hinckley]
"It was here in Northern Mexico," he said in his dedicatory prayer for the Colonia Juarez Chihuahua Mexico Temple on March 6, 1999, "that Thou didst reveal the idea and the plan of a smaller temple, complete in every necessary detail, but suited in size to the needs and circumstances of the Church membership in this area of Thy vineyard. That revelation came of a desire and a prayer to help Thy people of these colonies who have been true and loyal during the century and more that they have lived here. They are deserving of this sacred edifice in which to labor for themselves and their forebears."

[http://www.ldschurchtemples.com/coloniajuarez/prayer/]

30 years ago today - 30 years ago - Mar 6, 1989

President Gordon B. Hinckley, First Counselor in the First Presidency, speaks at the Church's first fireside broadcast by satellite for single-adult members.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

50 years ago today - 50 years ago - Mar 6, 1969

[David O. McKay]
President [N. Eldon] Tanner called attention to a letter handed to him by Elder Howard W. Hunter to be handed to the First Presidency referring to a custom in the early days of the Church for a woman to be sealed to a good man in the Church, a General Authority or someone else who was still living, other than her deceased husband who died without accepting the gospel. The sealing was performed as an assurance for an eternal union in the hereafter. It is now recommended that inasmuch as President Wilford Woodruff received a revelation which altered this practice, that in such cases prior to 1890 when this ruling was made, if the woman was sealed to a deceased member of the Church or to a living member of the church but did not live with him as a wife, permission be granted for her to be sealed also to her nonmember deceased husband to whom she had been married in life. The original sealing will not, however, be cancelled....

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

60 years ago today - 60 years ago - Mar 6, 1959

David O. McKay rejects the suggestion of opening a LDS mission in Israel due to the Arab opposition to the state of Israel.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - Mar 6, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
6 I had an interview in Company with the Presidency & some of the Twelve with Adelna Patti, Represented as the greatest singer in the world. She never sings for less then $5,000 dollars a night. She visited the Big Tabernacle and Assembly Hall and was much Delighted with both. She then invited us to visit her private Car which we did. It was a small Car but Considered the most Costly Car in the world. $60,000 dollars had been Expended upon it. We visited Each departmet of her bedroom hot & Cold baths and all got up on the grandest stile imaginable. We all drank her health in a little Champagne.

I attended the Evening singing in the Theater. They were mostly Italians & Germans. The Main singer was Madam Gersler. She got $2,000 for her singing. Galassi gets $800 per night. The whole Recept for the night was $4,475 dollars but the Business Maniger said the Entertainment had Cost the Company $4,000.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - 160 years ago - Mar 6, 1859

The first Masonic lodge in Utah is organized at Camp Floyd, under the name, Rocky Mountain Lodge No. 205.

[History to Go, Pioneers and Cowboys, http://historytogo.utah.gov/timeline/pioneersandcowboys.html]

185 years ago today - 185 years ago - Mar 6, 1834

Joseph Smith writes, "We held another meeting at Brother Nickerson's. The few unbelievers that attended were outrageous, and the meeting ended in complete confusion.'

50 years ago today - Mar 5, 1969

[David O. McKay]
I gave direction to the matter that it is not necessary to bless Temple clothing. I also gave direction that it is permissible for individuals to be buried in laundered and clean temple clothing rather than to go to the expense of the purchase of entirely new clothing.

[David O. McKay diary, Mar. 5, 1969, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

55 years ago today - Mar 5, 1964

[Meeting of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve (minus Benson, who was in Europe]

[McKay:] "Before partaking of the Sacrament this morning, I should like to refer to an unfortunate incident which has occurred since the Council last met in this capacity." McKay was particularly upset at letters he had received stating that "a lack of harmony among the leaders of the church" was "creating confusion among members and friends of the Church."

He then put Joseph Fielding Smith on the spot: "I said that I should like to know today that there is no dissension among the members of this Council, and that we partake of the Sacrament in full fellowship and full support of one another. I mentioned that since President Smith's name is associated with Brother Benson, particularly in the matter of the John Birch Society, that I think it would be well for President Smith on this occasion to explain his association with the controversy."

Smith replied that "he was glad to do so." He acknowledged that "he did say that when Brother Benson comes home, he hoped he would not get into politics and would keep his blood pure." However, he did not intend his comments to be a personal attack on Benson, but rather as an acknowledgement "that in politics a lot of things are done that are somewhat shady. ...

McKay ... said that Elder Benson had full permission to give that lecture and he gave a good talk…. I further said that Brother Benson had said publicly that he was in favor of the John Birch Society, and that I had told Brother Benson that he could not, as one of the Twelve, join that Society. ... Brother Benson's call to preside over the European Mission had no relationship whatever to his desire to join that Society. I stated that so far as this Council is concerned, we have no connection whatever with the John Birch Society, no matter how good it may be and how noble its purposes; ...

Although McKay's defense of Benson was impassioned and unequivocal, it sidestepped the issue that had catapulted Benson's talk into the national spotlight, namely, Benson's implicit endorsement of Robert Welch's charges that Dwight Eisenhower, a close friend of McKay, was a tool of the Communists.

[David O. McKay diary ; Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

140 years ago today - Mar 5, 1879

[Minutes of the Seventies]
[African American] Bro Elijah Able gave an outline of his history and experiences during a period of forty years. Of his being in Kirtland. Of his appointment an [sic] ordination as a Seventy, and a member of the 3rd Quorum. He related some of the sayings of the prophet Joseph who told him that those who were called to the Melchisadec Priesthood and had magnified that calling would be sealed up unto eternal life. Spoke of his being appointed by the Prophet to the calling of an Undertaker in Nauvoo. Of his opportunities and conversations with the Patriarch Father Joseph Smith while watching at his bedside during his last sickness. He related one of the themes on which he dwelt at that time and predicted that the saints would go into the wilderness. Br Abel related many other items of interest.

[Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 1: Minutes of the Seventies, 1837-1933, Excerpts]