35 years ago today - Sep 18, 1985.

Stan Larson, a scripture-translation researcher in the LDS Translation Division, is suspended after his supervisor receives a copy of his paper, "The Sermon on the Mount: What Its Textual Transformation Discloses Concerning the Historicity of the Book of Mormon," from another ward member. Larson had compared the Sermon on the Mount in the Book of Mormon to the oldest known manuscripts, monastic documents, and papyri versions and found that Joseph Smith's translation contains errors which do not appear before the 1769 edition of the King James Version. Larson concluded that "Joseph Smith plagiarized from the KJV when dictating the biblical quotations in the Book of Mormon." He is given the choice of being fired or resigning with one month severance pay. He resigns.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

110 years ago today - Sep 18, 1910

[Charles W. Penrose]

Aft[ernoo]n Big meeting [Joseph W.] McMurrin spoke I followed on forbidding plural marriages.

[Charles W. Penrose Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Sep 18, 1895

[Joseph F. Smith]

... As to the matter of adoptions, you understand that children are to be sealed to their own parents so far as possible, and when not any further possible, the chain (Genealogical chain) is to be linked on to the Prophet who stands at the Head of this great dispensation. ...

[Joseph F. Smith to Charles F. Middleton, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

135 years ago today - Sep 18, 1885

John Sharp, a local bishop, agrees in court to obey the anti-polygamy laws. He is the first Utah polygamist to be convicted and only fined. Regarded as a traitor, he is released as bishop on 1 Oct. However, Sharp remains as chair of the LDS People's Party central committees for Salt Lake County and Utah territory until 1887. Therefore, it is unlikely he would have been released from the Council of Fifty had it convened after Oct. 1884.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

140 years ago today - Sep 18, 1880

Orson Pratt gave his most specific identification of the personages in the First Vision:"…in the spring of 1820…in answer to his prayers, there was the manifestation of two of the great personages in the heavens—not angels, not messengers, but two persons that hold the keys of authority over all the creations of the universe. Who were they? God the Eternal Father and his Son Jesus Christ…"

["Journal of Discourses", Vol. 21, p.308, in A Documented History of Joseph Smith's First Vision, http://beggarsbread.org/2013/04/01/a-documented-history-of-joseph-smiths-first-vision/]

175 years ago today - Sep 18, 1845 (Thursday)

Sheriff Backenstos, with a posse consisting of some seven hundred men [including many Mormons], surrounded Carthage, Ill., to make arrests, but the house-burners had fled. He also issued a proclamation to the mobbers to disperse, which, however, was not obeyed, as they went to Missouri and other places, preparing for new depredations.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - September 18, 1840. Friday.

William Clayton writes "I did not blieve it was the will of God we should lose one soul [to death]". Some of the branch believes a sick child will die and Clayton thought "this showed [] was some unbelief in our midst." "We prayed with the children and desired all to hold them by faith. But after all our exertions Brother hoomes' child died the same night. This as as a grief to our minds, but it was so."

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

15 years ago today - Sep 17, 2005

Elder [Bruce C.] Hafen recounted how, in 1953, a young staff member in the Missionary Department named Gordon B. Hinckley was called into the office of President [David O.] McKay and given the difficult assignment of devising a way to present the temple ordinances in eight languages. After weeks of studying the temple ordinances, pleading with the Lord and counseling with President McKay in the Salt Lake Temple, Brother Hinckley proposed presenting the endowment ordinances in movie form. When the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve approved the idea, the fifth floor of the Salt Lake Temple was organized into a sacred movie set where filming took place.

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

75 years ago today - Sep 17, 1945

... he [George Albert Smith] wishes me to say that he has not recollection of the incident to which you refer, but it might have happened, because while the Word of Wisdom mentions neither tea nor coffee, nevertheless, while the Prophet was still living his brother Hyrum specifically stated that 'hot drink' meant tea and coffee, and it has been also generally understood that it is the active drugs in those beverages that make them harmful and that where those drugs have been removed, the harmful effect resulting therefrom is absent. He feels that probably there would not be much injury result from imbibing of 1/33 of the caffeine in a cup of coffee. ...

On the question of tithing, the First Presidency have repeatedly left that matter where the revelation leaves it, namely, that you should pay one tenth of your 'interest annually,' leaving it to each individual to determine how much tithing he should pay under that rule. ...

[Joseph Anderson, Letter to J. Leland Anderson, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

95 years ago today - Sep 17, 1925

Heber J. Grant writes: "Had I had any knowledge of what is known as the Pari betting system I never would have consented to go to the races the opening day... The racing that is now being conducted is licensed gambling under a state law. The law was passed during my absence from the city and I regret exceedingly that it ever got on the statue books, and I am humiliated to think that I attended the races the first day." Four days later a First Presidency letter states: "The Church has been and now is unalterably opposed to gambling in any form whatever."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

130 years ago today - Sep 17, 1890 (Wednesday)

The motormen and conductors of the Salt Lake City Ry. struck for higher wages. This was the first genuine strike in Salt Lake City. It lasted several days.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Sep 17, 1870

[Wilford Woodruff journal]

/Martin Harris [re]Baptized./

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Saturday, September 17, 1870

[Payson School of the Prophets]

... Some are greatly tried with the official conduct of President Young, some with one thing and some with another. Showed how spiritualism is calculated to charm some men - believed that that alone will draw many away from the truth. ...

-Elder- -D. H. Holladay spoke next-. Spoke of the influences for evil that are abroad among the people. Said some of our brethren invite the devil into our homes and related his own experience in that matter. It is much easier to invite evil spirits into our houses than it is to cast them out.

[A Record of Sayings and Doings in the School of the Prophets, organized by President Brigham Young September 19, 1868, In Payson City, Utah County, U.T., typescript by Michael Nielsen]

175 years ago today - Sep 17, 1845

[William Clayton]

While in council a brother came in and took up a loaded musket to show how he used it. When he raised it suddenly to show the manouver the gun went off and struck the wall on the under side the ceiling and glanc-'d through the glass window over the door. In our council yesterday a man took up a six shooter and began to examine it and pulling the trigger it went off. The ball passed between two of the brethrens heads and went through the celing and roof. We learned this morning that the person killed yesterday was Frank Worrell, the person who stood at the jail door when Joseph and Hyrum were killed beckoning the mob and urging them on.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - Sep 17, 1845

Lieutenant General Brigham Young went into the square and addressed the officers and soldiers as follows: It is my wish that every man from the age of 16 to 100 be enlisted in these companies ... I want this hollowings, beating of drums and firing of guns should cease. The police have their orders from this time to arrest every man or boy in our street found guilty of these acts or anyone walking our street after night, detain them till daylight and stripping off their clothes, show whether they are male or female. I am going to propose to Jacob B. Backenstos that he make every man a deputy then we may sally forth with our writs in our pockets in any number and arrest these mobbers. When you shoot, be sure and shoot right. If you die, die like Miner R. Deming in the defense of your country's rights. When we meet Demings in another world he will be happy in the death he died. God grant you may all live and die in the defense of your country's rights. Keep your guns to yourselves. Trust no one and when you shoot, take a good aim. -- Nauvoo, Illinois

[On the Mormon Frontier, the Diaries of Hosea Stout. Juanita Brooks, ed. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1964. 1:65, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - 17 [Sept 1845]

[Brigham Young]

Spent the day in council, in the afternoon bro. Stephen Markham started out in persuit of the mob with about 80 men. and soon after bro Geo. Miller came in from his scout the company having killed two of the mob and wounded others who were surprised in the act of firing buildings.

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

115 years ago today - Sep 16, 1905

Apostle Cowley married 4th wife, Lenora Taylor performed by John A. Woolf. Apostle Cowley was disfellowshiped, but never excommunicated. He was restored to full fellowship in 1936. Lenora passed away on 8 Jan 1971 making her the last living legitimate Polygamous wife in the LDS church (not in Mexico).

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

115 years ago today - Sep 16, 1905

Last polygamous marriages performed by Canadian patriarch commissioned by President Joseph F. Smith.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

135 years ago today - Sep 16, 1885 (Wednesday)

Judge Zane, in his instructions to the grand jury, interpreted the law in such a way, that persons found guilty of u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife] could be imprisoned for life. This was the commencement of the segregation policy.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Sep 16, 1845

Orrin Porter Rockwell shoots Robert F. Smith and Frank Worrell of the Carthage Greys militia who participated in the murder of Joseph Smith. Worrell dies. Later that day Rockwell kills four anti-Mormons at Highland Branch, near Warsaw, Illinois. A committee of five is appointed to carry a letter from Brigham Young to vigilante leader Col. Levi Williams "stating to him that if the mob would cease their destructive operations, it is our calculations to leave the country in the spring . . ."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Sep 16, 1845

Phineas Wilcox was stabbed to death by fellow Mormons in Nauvoo, Illinois, because he was believed to be a Christian spy. Wilcox was one of the first victims of "blood atonement," a Mormon doctrine conceived of by Brigham Young, according to which murder is sometimes necessary in order to save a sinful soul.

[Legends of America, Old West Timeline, http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-TimeLine2.html]

175 years ago today - Sep 16, 1845

The Twelve called agents to confer with the Catholic Church about purchasing the Temple and other Church properties. They apparently approached Judge Ralston of Quincy, an influential Catholic, about such a transaction.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Sept 16 [1845]

[Brigham Young]

... also said to the brethren put a stop to the mobs burning your property shoot the first man who attempts we also agreed to appoint agents to confer with the leading Catholic priests and sell our property to them. ... In the afternoon Mr Gridley returned Col. Backinstos, the mob having persued the col and he with two other men resisting one of the mob was killed a man by the name of Franklin World, (to be cosred) a posse commatitus of upwards of one hundred men was then surmmoned and sent with the col. to quell the mob, and all necessary preparations made to defend the city in case of an emergency

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

180 years ago today - Sep 16, 1840

[Wilford Woodruff]

... Mr John Simons the Rector of the Church in Dymock manifested much of the Spirit of the Devil by stiring up mobs against the Saints which had disturbed the meetings of the Saints in several instances, & on this occasion as we began to gather together the beat of drums pails pans & Sticks was herd through the street, & the mob soon Collected & Parraded in the streets in front of the house. We Closed the window shutters & doors in the room whare we ware, & I opened meeting by Singing & Prayer & no sooner had we Commenced than the mob armed themselves with eggs, Bricks, rocks, & evry thing els they could lay their hands upon & began to throw them upon the house like a shower of hail Stones for nearly an hour. They dashed in the windows scatterd Stones, Brick, & glass, through the rooms, broke the tile on the rooff & continued such depredations untill the close of the meeting.

And the Brethren feeling disposed to try what virtue their was in the English laws which were strict against such procedings I proposed to accompanied them to go into the midst of the mob to see who they were that there might be testimony against them. But they would not permit me to go with them lest I should receive an injury from the shower of stones. But several of the Brethren went themselvfs into the midst of the mob & took the name of the leaders & returned to the house in the midst of Stones, & Brick bats, though without Injury. The mob soon broke up & after Clearing our rooms of brick, stones & glass we lay down & had a good nights rest. ....

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

70 years ago today - Sep 15, 1950

[J. Reuben Clark]

[In conversation with Emily Smith Stewart, in part:] She talked about her father's [George Albert Smith's] health, and said that she thought he was going to die the night they were taking him down to California to start on the Hawaiian trip. I explained to her that I was trying to do all I could to help him, but that in some respects he was difficult to help. Called attention to the fact that he would read all these letters that we sent out, and also read the letters to which our letters were a reply. I said that President Grant would have one of the secretaries tell him what the letter was about, and the purport of it, and he would sign it. I observed that if her father could get confidence in us, it would save him a good deal of labor ...

She recalled to my mind that she had spoken to me after the last Conference indicating her desire that we should post some officer there to protect them against these cranks who may come there and apparently at times almost force an entry into the house to see her father. I told her that I would look after that. ...

We discussed at some length the condition of her father's health. I noted his apparent dislike of holidays, having the people away from the office, and his activation on holidays. She said that he never had learned how to take any relaxation. I noted that he seemed always to feel that he should he here on holidays. I thought maybe she might get something over to him that might make him feel a little easier.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

105 years ago today - Sep 15, 1915

[First Presidency letter]

[Yours of the 7th] occasioned both amazement and regret; surprise that one of your experience would undertake to teach a novel doctrine to the First Presidency, using terms both dogmatic and dictatorial, and sorrow that you place yourself in direct antagonism to an established and well-known principle of the Church. That which you pronounce 'a fallacy' and condemn as 'erroneous' is not new nor does it originate with the authorities whose names you mention, but is set forth in the revelations of God both ancient and modern. That the Jesus Christ of the New Testament was the Jehovah of the Old Testament is an accepted feature of the faith of the Latter-day Saints, and yet you presume to assail it as 'error' and call for its 'elimination' from a book that has been inspected and endorsed by the presidency of the Church and the council of the Twelve Apostles! We now pronounce your theory in opposition to it as wrong and misleading and unauthorized and forbid its promulgation as doctrine.... The notion that Christ, the firstborn, could not possibly be a Creator before he received a body of flesh and passed through a mortal probation, is one of your own and is not a doctrine of the Church ...

[First Presidency, Letter to Ferdinand F. Hintze, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Sep 15, 1895

[Francis M. Lyman]

... I spoke upon Statehood and equal suffrage. Warned the brethren against entertaining feelings against their file leaders.

[Francis M. Lyman Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - Sep 15, 1885

LDS political newspaper, the Salt Lake Herald, describes the "FILTHY OUTRAGE" committed against local leaders of the anti-polygamy crusade. Late Sunday night unidentified persons threw "a dozen fruit jars filled with a horrible mess of filth taken from privy vaults" through the glass windows of the residences of Prosecuting Attorney William H. Dickson, his assistant Charles S. Varian, and United States Commissioner William McKay. The Deseret News describes the weapons as "glass jars filled with human excrement and possibly some other nastiness" and blames the incident on anti-Mormons.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

150 years ago today - Sep 15, 1870

[Franklin D. Richards]

At 9 eve met as notified and 4 of my wives received their 2d anointing.

[[Franklin D. Richards diary, Sept. 15, 1870, quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

180 years ago today - Sep 15, 1840

The funeral for Joseph Smith, Sr., is held. Governor Boggs of Missouri, having renewed his vengeance against Joseph because of Joseph's accusations against Boggs in Washington, and also because of the recent scandal concerning the kidnappings and river bottom thefts, asks Governor Carlin of Illinois to turn over Joseph, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Parley P. Pratt, Caleb Baldwin, and Alanson Brown to Missouri officials, claiming they are escaped convicts and fugitives from justice.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Sep 15, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Agnes Smith given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... I seal thy marriage covenant, it shall be sanctioned in heaven ... Satan shall not have power over thee nor thy offsprings to take away your lives. ...

Thou shalt stand to see thy Redeemer come in his glory.

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:8, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Sep 15, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Don Carlos Smith given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... Thou shalt remain to see the winding up scene of all things, and shall be numbered among the hundred and forty and four thousand. ... they [his children] shall grow up without sin unto salvation, and never be afflicted with sickness, nor be crippled. ... Thou shalt stand upon the earth at the coming of thy Redeemer, and be caught up to meet him in the cloud and ever be with the Lord. My dear son, if thou wilt be faithful I seal all these blessings upon thy head

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:7-8, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Mid-Sept. 1835

The first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants (Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter-day Saints: carefully selected from the Revelations of God) comes off the press, bound and printed (including the "Lectures on Faith"). This is an expanded version of the Book of Commandments, which had been destroyed on July 20, 1833.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

60 years ago today - Sep 14, 1960

BYU president Ernest Wilkinson records an incident in his journal. Wilkinson had called on President David O. McKay at his office. McKay's secretary, Clare Middlemiss, told Wilkinson that his wife had telephoned and that he was to return her call immediately. Middlemiss suggested that he use the telephone in the hall. "By the time I got this telephone [call] through," Wilkinson wrote, Middlemiss "had locked the door on me. There was no question that it was purposeful."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

70 years ago today - Sep 14, 1950

[Henry D. Moyle]

Wallace Bennett called at instance of Pres. Clark and apologized for his behavior the night before at the Alta Club.

[Henry D. Moyle Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

85 years ago today - Sep 14, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

Such a thing as a millionaire being made among the leading officials of the Church has never happened. I doubt if it ever will happen. Nearly all of the Authorities of the Church when they have passed away, have passed away as poor men. Some of them have been fortunate enough to make investment that have grown, and they have been prosperous. There is not today a single wealthy man in the Presidency of the Church or the Council of the Twelve Apostles, or the Seven Presidents of Seventies, or the Presiding Bishopric.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Mrs. T. William Rhoads, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

85 years ago today - Sep 14, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

Inasmuch as the young people to whom you refer in your letter of September 13 have confessed to you their transgression and manifest a spirit of repentance, we recommend that you keep the matter in confidence, and that you, yourself, perform the ceremony uniting them in marriage. Nothing should be said to the Bishop or any one else regarding their transgression, and if any one asks why you performed the marriage ceremony for them you can merely explain that they came to you and asked you to do so. Later, after their baby is born, if they have lived worthily in the meantime, they may go to the temple and be sealed for eternity and have their child sealed to them.

The very fact that they have confessed to you their wrongdoing is an indication of the right spirit on their part, and of course they will have to ace the embarrassment that may come to them as a result of their action. The Gospel is one of forgiveness ...

[Heber J. Grant and David O. McKay, Letter to H. W. Henderson, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Sep 14, 1895

[Francis M. Lyman]

At 2 P.M. met with stake Priesthood meeting. Regular business was attended. I then announced the call of bro[ther] A[nthony]. W. Ivins to preside in the Mexican Mission instead of bro[ther] [George] Teasdale. I said good things about him and strongly denounced the felling expressed by some that bro[ther] Ivins was called to get him out of the way in politics. Stated that no one suggested anything of that kind when bro[ther] Anthon H. Lund was called to preside over the European Mission. This church is not run in the interest of persons or parties.

[Francis M. Lyman Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

170 years ago today - Sep 14, 1850

Incorporation of Perpetual Emigratìng Company by General Assembly of State of Deseret. Before federal government forces its disincorporation in 1887, PEF assists more than third of all European to Utah.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

175 years ago today - Sep 14, 1845

[Hosea Stout]

I met the Eleventh Quorum near the Stand, and then in the afternoon attended meeting.it was a business meeting and all who were not in good fellowship were not allowed to be present and the police in keeping them away had to flog three who were determined to stay...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Sep 14, 1845

President Young prophesied on the stand this day that we would have a winter of peace in Nauvoo. -- Nauvoo, Illinois

[Willard Richards Journal, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - 1840 14 Sept.

On his deathbed, Joseph Smith, Sr., ordains his son Hyrum as Presiding Patriarch. This would be the last instance of patrilineal ordination which the hierarchy accepted for the office of patriarch. More than a decade later Young would reject a similar ordination by Presiding Patriarch John Smith for his son George A.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

Under Joseph Smith's direction and in accordance with instructions in Doctrine & Covenants 25, the high council instructed Emma Smith, the Prophet's wife, to prepare a new selection of sacred hymns to be printed by William W. Phelps.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Phebe Rigdon given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... I seal thee up unto eternal life, and thou shalt receive an inheritance with the sanctified; even so. Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:32, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Rebecca Williams given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... I seal thee up unto eternal life, and thou shalt have thy part and portion in the celestial kingdom, in the name of Jesus Christ; even so. Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:31, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Frederick G. Williams given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... But thou shalt be a great man in the earth, and thou shalt be renewed, and have power to accomplish the will of the Lord, and when thou hast accomplished it thou shalt have power to be translated, that thou shalt not sleep in the grave

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:30-31, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Sidney Rigdon given by Joseph Smith, Sr. the earth shall tremble before thee, the rivers shall turn out of their course, and if it were needful, the lions shall roar out of the forest, while the enemies of the Lord shall stand afar off and tremble, having no power to harm the saints. Thou shalt have power to call thousands into the kingdom, who will rejoice that such a man was born.

Thou shalt receive an ordination not many days hence which shall surpass all human understanding; for thy Redeemer shall come down and stand before thee- thou shalt see his face and hear his voice and great shall be thy rejoicing. ... No enemy shall have power to harm thee; for though thy life has many times been in jeopardy, and once thy body marred, from henceforth thou shalt be protected, that no man shall mar thee. Thou shalt be saved in the day of calamity, when great vengeance falls upon the nations. And though thine eyes shall see cities overthrown and swallowed up, thou shalt stand like unto an angel of God, and nothing shall harm thee. Thou shalt be renewed in thy age and thy system shall be like the vigor of youth.

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:31-32, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Elizabeth Ann Whitney given by Joseph Smith, Sr. on September 14, 1835

... for thou art bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh, and the Lord has so ordained that those of the same family and descent might be one to fulfil his purposes; for thou art of the same lineage of thy husband, thy life has been hid also, and thou mayest rejoice, for thy posterity shall be blessed. Thou hast a gift to sing the songs of Zion [sing in tongues], and if thou wilt be humble before the Lord & keep all his commandments, it shall be increased.

[Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - 1835: 14 September

Newel K. Whitney. (Given by Joseph Smith, Sen.) ... thou art a strange man, and thy ways have been unlike the ways of other men ...

[Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Sep 14, 1835

A high council of the First Presidency calls Oliver Cowdery as Church Recorder and decides, "The laborer is worthy of his hire." Pay salary and expenses for Joseph Sr. (for patriarchal blessings [$10 per week plus expenses]), Frederick G. Williams (for recording blessings), Oliver and Emma to select hymns and W. W. Phelps edit. David Whitmer and Samuel H. Smith are appointed Literary firm agents.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

195 years ago today - Sep 14, 1825

[Heber C. Kimball]

Joins Masonic Lodge, Victor Village, Victor Township, Ontario County, New York.

[Kimball, Stanley B. (editor), On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball, Chronology, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1987]

30 years ago today - Sep 13, 1990

Registration of the Leningrad Branch of the Church was approved by the Council on Religious Affairs of the Council of Ministers in the Soviet Union.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

35 years ago today - Sep 13, 1985

[Mark Hofmann]

Admits to Wilding and Syd Jensen that their money had not purchased the "Oath of Freeman" or Dickens manuscript, that Brigham Young papers he had offered to sell did not exist, and that he cannot return their money. Hofmann spends the day trying to raise money. One angry investor hits Hofmann in face. Increasing pressure put on Hofmann.

[Whittaker, David J., The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case, BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80,]

60 years ago today - Sep 13, 1960

[David O. McKay]

I said [to his counselors] that protests are coming to permitting the use of the Tabernacle for political meetings. We considered the part to be taken by the brethren of the General Authorities in the political meetings. It was decided that individual members of the General Authorities may attend these meetings as they please, but that they be advised to take no part. I stated that I had advised Elder Hugh B. Brown not to participate by offering prayer or by introducing the speaker. It was suggested that Elder Ezra Taft Benson refrain from participating in the campaign.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

70 years ago today - Sep 13, 1950

[Henry D. Moyle]

Went to Alta Club and very much out of place at a republican meeting of business men. I was invited by Fred Schulter of Thermoid Co'at Pres McKay's suggestion. Wallace Bennett was there & totally ignored me intentionally slighted me.

[Henry D. Moyle Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Sep 13, 1900

Pres. Snow spoke of the movement now on foot to build a railroad from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles and said that it looked very much as if the enterprise would be carried through. He said that the promoters desired the church to join them in building the road. ... The brethren in expressing themselves upon the subject said they thought it a matter worthy of consideration as it was conceded that a new road running from Salt Lake to California would not only pay well but would be of great benefit to Utah....

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

165 years ago today - Sep 13, 1855 (Thursday)

The Horticultural Society was organized in G.S.L. City, with Wilford Woodruff as president. Various other societies were organized in the forepart of the year, among which were the "Universal Scientific Society", the "Polysophical Society", the Deseret Philharmonic Society and the "Deseret Typographical Association."

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

190 years ago today - Sept 13, 1830

Constable Nathan Harrington collects $12.81 from Hyrum Smith on an unpaid $21.07 court judgment. Two weeks later Harrington is again sent by court order to collect the rest but found "No property to be found Nor Boddy."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Sep 12, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

For your information, please be advised that the Corporation of the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is a corporation sole, organized under the law of the State of Utah for religious, educational and charitable purposes. It is distinct from the ordinary business corporation in that it has no board of directors and no by-laws. The President of the Church is the corporation. As a corporation sole he is fully empowered and authorized by law to handle all financial and property matters pertaining to the Church, including depositing in banks and checking against the same.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Bishop National Bank, Honolulu, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Monday, Sep 12, 1910

[John Henry Smith]

Salt Lake City

Prest. A. H. Lund and I looked through the Temple and talked with several employes. We learned that several Keys to the doors are out and that two had been lost.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

110 years ago today - Sep 12, 1910

[George Albert Smith]

at SLC, "Went to the Gray Sanitarium to take a course of treatment for my nerves."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

130 years ago today - Sep 12, 1890

[George Q. Cannon]

[San Francisco] We had an interview with [pro-Mormon national republican comittee chair] Judge Estee. We told him we came to him as a friend, not as a paid attorney. We felt more free in coming to him in this way, because we knew that he was disinterested, an that we could expect to get his views uninfluenced by any other motives than to do us good. We went over the ground of our case very thoroughly. He referred to the necessity of our making some announcement concerning polygamy and the laying of it aside. I described to him the difficultythere was in writing such a document'-the danger there would be that we would either say too much or too little. He appreciated this difficulty, but nevertheless pressed the point as one that must be done sooner or later. [Republican leaders then promise to promote Utah's statehood in expectation that the church will work to have a majority of Mormons vote Republican.]

[George Q. Cannon Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

150 years ago today - Sep 12, 1870 (Morning)

[Brigham Young Sermon]

[Pres] Young, gave most wholesome instructions to the people living far out at sea, from other settlements from whom they could obtain help in times of Indian uprises, only when it would be too late to render any material assistance. The whites were cautioned to give the Indian full value for his skins, furs, pine nuts and labor, and not take advantage of his ignorance as to the value of articles. The Indians are to be taught the science of agriculture, and the young ones their letters, the phonetic way of spelling, and the english language. The spirit, teachings and examples, only in a far more liberal sense, of William Penn are to characterize the dealings of the Kanab and other settlements of the Saints, with their dark skinned brethren, the Lamanites. -- Kanab, Utah

[Deseret News, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Sep 12, 1845

Brigham Young writes to Solomon Hancock in Yelrome, where mobbers are burning Mormon houses, "The object of our enemies is to get opposition enough to raise popular excitement but we think it best to let them burn up our houses while we take care of our families and grain. . . . Be calm and patient till all things are ready. What is a little property or a few lives, compared with the properties and lives of a great people, and the house and ordinances on which the salvation of that people depend?"

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Sept 12 [1845]

[Brigham Young]

... brother Earls came in with a letter from brother Hancock stating that five more houses had been burned, the brethren on the west side of the creek had been obliged to leave and come on to the East side many were sick, and their goods were scattered about the cornfields. Sept 12 in council A. Babbit Esq. proposed our organizing into militia companies, according to instructions of Gov. Ford last fall, and Col. J. B. Backenstos I then ask Gen. Rich & Col. Markham & other officers present if they wish such a move they all declared they would not act in such a capacity at all, I then told them I should feel myself more degraded in the eyes of the Lord to be acting under a comission from Gov ford, than should to be changed into an affrican ...

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

190 years ago today - Sep 12, 1830

Elmina Shepard (Taylor), later the first general president of the Young Women's Mutual Improvement Association (predecessor to the young Women organization), is born in Middlefield, New York.

70 years ago today - Sep 11, 1950

[J. Reuben Clark]

President Delbert G. Taylor, Counselor in the Rexburg Presidency, called to see me about the following matters, both connected with the Ricks College:

1. They had just discharged a man from the faculty, a teacher of music, a man named Anderson, for homosexuality. Apparently it had been going on for several years; he alleged he had not tampered with young boys, but he evidently had tampered with others who had been at the school. They had caught him through a confession of another man. Though they had investigated him before, he had strenuously denied it. He enquired about whether he should be handled churchwise. I said thus far we had done no more than drop them from positions they held.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

65 years ago today - 11-Sep 15, 1955

[The first European temple -] Bern Switzerland Temple Dedicated by David O McKay 1960s - Film becomes the standard medium for presenting the endowment. Filmed endowments take on a theatrical quality (with costumes, scenery, music, etc.) and are dubbed from English into other languages. As the filmed endowment makes congregational singing awkward, the preacher's hymn is discontinued.

[David John Buerger, The Mysteries of Godliness: A History of Mormon Temple Worship (San Francisco: Smith Research Associates, 1994, referenced in The Temple Timeline (Masons, Ancient Temples, Garments and a Lot More), http://www.exploringmormonism.com/the-temple-timeline-masons-ancient-temples-garments-and-a-lot-more/]

75 years ago today - Sep 11, 1945

A Deseret News editorial praises "earnest, sincere, loyal conscientious objector[s]" as "better" than military men who praise weapons of mass destruction.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

85 years ago today - Sep 11, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

[Meeting with Samuel O. Bennion:] He said he thought it would be a very fine thing if once a month the Seven Presidents had the privilege of meeting with the Apostles, as they go out to conferences with no knowledge of what is wanted.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Sep 11, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

My name stands as Editor [of the Improvement Era], but to tell you the truth, I feel almost ashamed to have my name as editor and not to contribute anything to the magazine. I literally dread writing as some people dread public speaking. ...

The more I think of the Improvement Era, the more I am convinced that the Presidency of the Church ought to hold a meeting with the Superintendency of the Young Men's Mutual and the Presidency of the Young Women's at least once a week, to discuss briefly matters for the improvement of our magazines and the class of articles that ought to appear in it. I am a thorough convert to the idea that we ought to quit having advertisements scattered through the book; it is a shame to have them included in the bound volume. And I am not sure but that we ought to reduce the size of it so it would at least be no larger than Harper's and other monthly magazines.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Albert E. Bowen, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Tuesday, Sep 11, 1900

[Apostle John Henry Smith]

I was at the Republican cacus or Precinct meeting tonight. I was made a delegate to the Convention at the Primary last night.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Thursday, September 11th, 1845

[John Taylor]

This morning we received information from Lima, that the mobs were burning houses there; the first report was that there was one burnt; next report that came was, there was four burnt; and finally we heard that there were three burnt. We (the Twelve) held a council and thought it advisable as we were going West in the Spring to keep all things as queit as possible and not resent anything.

After the trouble we had to finish the Temple to get our endowments, we thought it of more importance than to squabble with the mob about property, seeing that the houses were not of much importance, and no lives were taken. Thinking by these pacific measures that they would be likely not to molest us; and to show the surrounding country that we were orderly disposed people, and desirous of keeping peace. It was also counselled that the brethren from the surrounding settlements should come into Nauvoo with their grain.

['The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]

175 years ago today - Sep 11, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Andrew S. Gibbons given by William Smith ... for of the fruit of thy loins shall be raised up one who is mighty with his father[']s name named upon him that shall lead forth the armies of Israel in the day of God[']s vengeance and his posterity shall be mighty and strong in the land and like the tempest & mighty whirlwinds shall they bring destruction upon the enemies of God ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Sep 11, 1845

Thursday prayer circle of the Twelve Apostles: "Prayers were offered up that the Lord would give us wisdom to manage affairs with the mob so as to keep them off till we can accomplish what he requires at our hands in completing the Temple and Nauvoo House, also for wisdom to manage the affairs in regard to the western emigration" .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - 1845 10 Sept.

Apostle John Taylor's editorial "ONE HUNDRED YEARS HENCE. 1945," in the Nauvoo Neighbor describes what an angel had showed him In 1945, a pillar of fire would stand over the Temple of Zion in Independence, Missouri. In that year a new temple would also be under construction "in the 124th city of Joseph" (formerly New York City, which had been destroyed by an earthquake in the 1890s).

--

ONE HUNDRED YEARS HENCE.

1945.

From the Nauvoo Neighbor.

God, through his servants the prophets, has given all men a clue to the future. In view of this, we were cogitating upon our bed the other night, what would be the state of the world a hundred years hence. In quick succession the events and periods which have filled up nearly six thousand years passed before our mind's eyes, together with the accompanying, " Thus saith the Lord, I will destroy the earth with a flood, after one hundred and twenty years. There shall be seven years of plenty and seven years of famine in Egypt. Israel shall be held captive in Babylon till the land enjoys her Sabbath's seventy years;" and then came Daniel's numbers; and the exact time when the Saviour should be was born, his crucifixion, and second coming.

While thus looking over the "has beens," we fell into a deep sleep, and the angel of our presence came to the bedside and gently said, "Arise" Now, it mattereth not whether we were in the body or out of it; asleep or awake ; on earth or in heaven ; or upon the water or in the air; the sum of the matter is like this:—Our guide, for such we shall call the angel or being that conveyed us, soon brought us in sight of a beautiful city.

As we were nearing the place, a "pillar of fire," seemingly over the most splendid building, lit the city and country for a great distance around, and as we came by, The Temple Of The Lord In Zion, in letters of a pure language, and sparkling like diamonds, disclosed where we were. Our guide went round the city in order to give ns s chance to "count the towers;" and, as it was nearly sunrise, he conducted us into one, that we might have a fair chance to view the glory of Zion by daylight. We seemed to be swallowed up in sublimity. The "pillar of fire" as the sun rose majestically mellowing into a "white cloud," as a shade for the city from heat. The dwellings, so brilliant by night, had the appearance of "precious stones," and the streets glittered like gold, and we marvelled. "Marvel not," said our guide, " this is the fulfilment of the words of Isaiah:—' For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thine officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.' "

Now the eyes of our understanding began to be quickened, and we learned that we were one hundred years ahead of "common life," and we glorified. The "veil" that hides our view from the glory of the upper deep had been taken away, and all things appeared to us as to the Lord. The great earthquake mentioned by John, and other prophets before him, had levelled the mountains over the whole earth:—the "sea" had rolled back as it was in the beginning, the crooked was mode straight, and the rough places plain. The earth yielded her "increase," and the knowledge of God exalted man to the society of resurrected beings.

The melody and prayers of the morning in Zion, showed that the "Lord was there," and truly Lo ; for, after breakfast the chariot of Jesus Christ was made ready for a pleasure ride; and the chariots of his "hundred and forty-four thousand" glittered in the retinue of " earth's greatest and best," so gloriously, that the show exhibited the splendour of gods, whose Father's name they bore on the front of their crowns)

Our curiosity excited us to inquire, what day they celebrated? To which the guide replied, "This is the Feast-day of the Lord to Joseph And Hyrum Smith, for being martyred for the truth, held yearly on the 7th day of the fourth month, throughout all the tribes of Israel!"

Flesh and blood cannot comprehend the greatness of the scene; the worthy of the earth, with Adam at their head; the martyrs of the different dispensations, with Abel at their head; and honourable men from other worlds composed an assemblage of majesty, dignity, and divinity so much above the little pageantry of man in his self-made greatness, that we almost forgot that mortals ever enjoyed anything more than misery, in all the pomp and circumstance of maris power over man ! This was a feast-day for truth! This was the reward of integrity —This was the triumph of " kings and priests" unto God, and was a holiday of eternity! Who could be happier than he that was among the holy throng ? No one; and away we rode out of Zion among her stakes.

At the first city out, we found the Bame spirit—All Were One. While there, the following news, by post, came from the east. It was read from one of the papers just published that morning.

ONE HUNDRED YEARS HENCE.

"In digging for the foundation of our new Temple in the 124th city of Joseph, near where it is supposed the city of New York once stood, a large square stone was taken from the ruins of some building, which, by a seam in it, indicated more than mere stone. The seam being opened, disclosed a lead box about six by eight inches square. This box was soon found to contain several daily papers of its time, together with some coin of the old government of the United States. It will be recollected that all the inhabitants of this city, which were spared from calamity, were 'slung out when the earth was turned upside down,' some forty or fifty years ago for their wickedness."

The account of "fires" in one of these papers was truly lamentable, destroying, as the paper said, more than twenty-Five millions worth of property in about three months. Each contained a large number of murders, suicides, riots, robberies, and hints of war expected, with columns of divisions among the sectarian churches about "slavery, Onderdonking, and the right way." The Archer of Paradise remarked, as these horrors of "old tiroes" were being read, that "all that was transacted in the last days of Babylon, before Satan was bound."

Joseph Smith said, "Lord, we will put those papers and coin in the repository of relics and curiosities of Satan's kingdom of the old world which was agreed to by all, after exhibiting the coin. The Silver coin contained the words "United States of America," and "half dollar," round the image of an eagle on one side, and a woman sitting upon the word "Liberty," and holding up a night cap, between thirteen stars over " 1845," on the other.

The only idea that could be gathered from all this was, that the government had fallen from the splendour of an eagle to the pleasure of women, and was holding up the night cap, as a token that the only liberty enjoyed then, was star-light liberty, because their deeds were evil.

Another coin had the appearance of gold, with "fire dollars" upon it, but upon close examination it was found to be nothing but fine brass.

While this was going on, the Lord said, "beware of the leven of old.—Let us enjoy our day."

In a moment this band of brethren were off, and what could equal the view? No veil, no voice; the heavens were in their glory, and the angels were ascending and descending. The earth was in its beauty; the wolves and sheep; the calves and lions; the behemoth and the buffalo; the child and the serpent, enjoyed life without fear, and all men were one.

As we were passing to another city, amid all this perfection of the reign of Jesus before his ancients gloriously, we discovered the fragment of a hewn stone, of a lightish blue colour, with an abbreviated word " Mo," and the figures "1838" upon it. To which the "Lion of the Lord" exclaimed, "The wicked are turned into hell, and forgotten, but the righteous reign with God in glory," and it seemed as if the echo came from a redeemed world—"glory."

At about two, after five hours' ride among the cities and stakes of Zion, we returned to the capital, to partake of the feast, of the martyrs.

The preparation was perfect. A table through the grove of Zion, for more than three hundred thousand saints, where Jesus Christ sat at the head of the fathers and mothers, sons and daughters of Israel, was a sight which the world, even Babylon in its best days, never witnessed. Says Jesus, as every eye turned upon him,

"Our Father, and thine,

Bless me and mine. Amen."

After the feast (the sentiments, words of wisdom, and other touching matters were to be published in Zo-ma-rah, or Pure News, and are omitted) we stepped into the News Room, and the first article in the Pure News, which attracted our attention, was, the Minutes of the General Conference, held in Zion, on the 14th day of the first month, A. D., 1945, when it was motioned by Joseph Smith, and seconded by John the Revelator, " That/forty-eight new cities be laid out and built, this year, in accordance with the prophets which have said, 'who can number Israel? who can count the dust of Jacob? Let him fill the earth with cities. 'Carried unanimously."

Twelve of these cities to be laid out beyond eighteen degrees north, for the tribes of Reuben, Judah and Levi. Twelve on the east, at the same distance, for the tribes of Joseph, Benjamin, and Dan. Twelve on the south, at the same distance, for the tribes of Simeon, Issacher, and Zebulon; and twelve on the west, at the same distance, for the tribes of Gad, Asher, and Napthali.

The paper contained a notice for the half yearly conference, as follows:

"The general half yearly conference will be held at Jerusalem, on the 14th day of the seventh month, alternately with the yearly conference in Zion.

" It is proposed that the high way cast up between the two cities of our God, be decorated with fruit and shade trees between the cities and Villages, (which are only eighty furlongs apart), for the accommodation of wayfaring men of Israel. Gabriel has brought from paradise some seeds of fruit and grain which were originally in the Garden of Eden, and will greatly add to the comfort and convenience of man."

While we were engaged in reading, a strain of music from some of the "sweet singers of Israel," came so mellowly over our sensations for a moment, that we hardly knew whether the angels or saints of the millenium, were chanting a vesper to their Saviour. We were so delighted with the performance as we saw the "musical chariot" pass, filled with young men and maidens, all in white robes, that we only remember the following verses •—

"Death and Satan being banish'd;

And the ' veil' for ever vanish'd;

All the earth's again replenished,

And in beauty appears:

So we'll sing hallelujah's;

While we worship our Saviour,

And fill the world with cities

Through the "great thousand years.'"

Our eye next caught a map showing the earth as it was and is. We were delighted with the earth as it is. Four rivers headed a little south of Zion, for Zion, is situated in "the side of the north." The first river is called "Passon," and runs west. The second is called "Giau," and runs south. The third is called "Haudakal," and runs north; and the fourth is called "The Fraters," and runs east. These four rivers divide the earth into four quarters, as it were in the days of Adam, and with their tributaries give an uninterrupted water communication over the face of the world, for in the beginning the earth was not called "finished" till it was "very good," for every thing.

By the paper we were reading, we learned that rain was expected in the beginning of the seventh month, according to the law of the Lord, for the promise is, "it shall rain moderately in the first and seventh month, that the ploughman may overtake the reaper."

Contemplating the greatness of the earth in its glory, with Jesus Christ for her king, president, and lawgiver, with such wise counsellors as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, Peter, and Joseph, we were imperceptibly led to exclaim, "Great is the wisdom, great is the glory, and great is the power of man with his Maker"—when on a sudden our guide came in and said, "you must drink wine with the Lord in his kingdom and then return." This we did, and many things which we saw are not lawful to utter, and can only be known as we learned them, by the assistance of a guardian angel.

When we were ready to return, our guide observed, "perhaps you would like to look through the urim and thummim of God, upon the abominations of the world in the day of its sin." "Yes," was our reply, and he handed us the "holy instrument." One look, and the soul sickened. Eye hath not seen, ear hath not heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man what folly, corruptions, and abominations are wrought among men to gratify the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the cunning of the devil. But they shall come. We returned, and awoke, perfectly enamoured with the beauty and glory of Zion to be, as well us the splendour and harmony of the "feast of the martyrs;" determining in our mind, at some future day to give a sketch of the Temple wherein Jesus sat and reigned with the righteous, when there was "not a Canaanite in the land," nor anything to hurt or destroy in all the holy mountain—when the earth should be full of the knowledge of God as the waters cover the sea. In short, the heavenly reality of one hundred years hence.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power; Nauvoo Neighbor]

175 years ago today - Sep 10, 1845 (Wednesday)

A mob attacked the house of Edmund Durfee, in Morley's Settlement, Hancock Co., Ill., turned the people out of doors, set fire to the buildings and threatened instant death to men, women and children. The mob then burned all the other houses, barns and shops in the settlement and turned the inhabitants into the open air. Also a farming settlement called Green Plains, inhabited by about eighty members of the Church, was burned by the mob.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Sep 10, 1840

Mormon businessmen sign a promissory note for the purchase from the federal government of a steamboat and other river equipment with Joseph and Hyrum Smith as guarantors. After the steamboat runs aground and the principals fail on the note, United States Attorney Justin Butterfield in Apr 1842 files a complaint and receives a default judgment against the Nauvoo businessmen, including Joseph, for $5,212.49.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

25 years ago today - 1995 September ~9

Relief Society General Presidency attends meeting where they are: 1) First shown The (completed) Proclamation, and 2) Asked to change the General Relief Society meeting's (in two weeks) topic from the already prepared theme of diversity of families to traditional families to better align with the announcement of The Proclamation

[History of The Proclamation on the Family, https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/e/2PACX-1vRDUS68wfgWtZqdNv67AqfYGGfHrJiZi-B6dlDhDClQOatExFZDFt73srGQoul3U4_iXiTuYIqW57gs/pubhtml]

45 years ago today - Sep 9, 1975-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]

In his address which preceded his dedication of the BYU Law School, President [Marion G.] Romney told a story of his early life in the Church. He had been appointed Assistant to the Twelve and manager of the Church Welfare Program. From time to time important matters came up which he attempted to clear with President Clark and the First Presidency. Occasionally he received no response [from] the First Presidency and he used to go in and plead with them to give him an answer, and if he continued to plead long enough and wait patiently, he eventually would get an answer. He finally decided they didn't want to be bothered and decided to decide on his on and give them the opportunity of vetoing his policy before he put it into effect. He wrote a letter to President [J. Reuben] Clark and the First Presidency saying that he had been presented with such and such a problem which needed immediate solution, and he thought the answer was clear and explained what he planned to do and then he said, if I don't hear from you by such and such a time, I'll assume you have no objections and I'll go ahead and do it. Shortly after writing the letter, he received a telephone call from President Clark saying, 'Hello, Kid. Since when have you decided to tell the First Presidency what should be done?" It was obvious President Clark was miffed at his presumption and President Clark went ahead to say, "If you write to the First Presidency and get no answer, then you must realize that that is an answer!" When President Romney had told this story everybody laughed and he went on with his talk. To me it was not very funny. We have had some similar experiences ourselves and these experiences would suggest that it is not true that the failure of the First Presidency to answer means that that is their answer. ...

At Rotary today I ate at the same table with Wally [Wallace G.] Bennett, son of Senator [Wallace F.] Bennett, who runs the paint and glass business of his family. He was also formerly a president of the British South Mission during the administration of President Joseph Fielding Smith. He says that the most important problem which came up during his mission was the acquisition of land in a town, the name of which I do not recall, on which to build a chapel. The city had an arrangement that a church group like ours might be able to acquire the land at a nominal figure so long as it was devoted to social purposes such as religion. They applied to

purchase the land to build a chapel and before there was a hearing on the matter, the local Methodist minister prepared a fourteen-page document with quotations from Church leaders and scriptures saying that our view of the Negro was such that building a chapel and giving us a presence in the community would cause racial strife-that we would promote racial strife. He had quotations from Mark E. Petersen and Brigham Young and various other people well studied and documented-quotations that Brother Bennett had never heard of. This paper by the Methodist minister had been circulated among all those attending the hearing except President Bennett, who was not aware of it until it was read in his presence. He had to report off the cuff and was not prepared to do so. He reported this to his supervisor and received essentially no reply. He wrote in further and made further contacts with Church officials who visited the region, but nobody would reply to it or tell him what to say in reply. Finally a meeting was held at which were present President [Spencer W.] Kimball, then a member of the Quorum of the Twelve, Gordon Hinckley, Theodore Burton, Boyd Packer, and others. They asked him to present the matter. They then discussed it to some extent and someone tentatively suggested that Brother Bennett ought to withdraw his request to the city housing authority and just buy the land through commercial channels. Brother Bennett replied that he didn't want to do that. He thought we could win it and thought we ought to see it through. Nobody would say anything or write anything or tell him what to do or say. ... It is Brother Bennett's understanding that they are now building or are scheduled to build a chapel on the location. I have the impression that all of this occurred in 1971-72 and that the British South Mission ....

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

85 years ago today - Sep 9, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

I am informed that the Coca Cola company has very materially changed the formula of their rink from what it was some years ago, and we have made no special protest against its use in recent years. I personally never drink it, because I am assured'by people who should be informed'that it creates an appetite for itself, and as a rule such foods or drinks should be avoided.

For instance, beer creates an appetite for itself, but one soon grows tired of drinking root beer. I have often bought a case of the latter, and before the children and I could use it all up we were tired of it.

I would not feel justified in condemning people who drink Coca Cola; I do not know from personal experience whether or not it is harmful, having never tasted it.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Zelda A. Merritt, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

85 years ago today - Sep 9, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

Relative to baptisms for the heathen-dead, we refer you to Section 76 of the Doctrine & Covenants. Members of the Church may do work for their dead ancestors whether these be Christian or Heathen, providing they can find the necessary information pertaining to them. Of course, we do not permit work to be done in the temple for those who have colored blood. ...

I send you, herewith, a copy of a letter from Heber Crook of Argentina, South America, together with a carbon copy of my reply ...

He says that he has relatives and friends who speak in tongues and prophesy, and wants to know if we agree with the Elders who say that these people receive their information from the Evil One.

It is our belief that only members of the true Church are entitled to speak in tongues by the inspiration of the Lord. I am sending you, herewith, extracts from one of my sermons in which I relate two experiences in my own life dealing with the gift of tongues.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to W. Ernest Young, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

100 years ago today - Sep 9, 1920

[James E. Talmage]

Attended meeting of the First Presidency and the Twelve. President Grant is absent, having gone to attend the St. George Stake quarterly conference, with the intention of being present at the approaching dedication of Zion National Park. As our meeting closed early, I had the joy of spending the afternoon and evening hours in my room at the Temple, where I was engaged in revising and editing the proposed chapter headings for the Book of Mormon.

[James E. Talmage Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Sep 9, 1915; Thursday

[James E. Talmage]

Today I had the pleasure of presenting to the First Presidency the first three copies of the book "Jesus The Christ", to leave the bindery.

Attended Council meeting of the First Presidency and Twelve.

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

160 years ago today - Sep 9, 1860

Apostle Orson Hyde contended that Hickman (who had been stealing from Camp Floyd soldiers) probably "had a revelation to act as he did." This lawless period should have ended with the official announcement by Brigham Young on 9 September 1860, that said, "...if the Lord wants any stealing done he would reveal it to me as soon as to Bill Hickman or others."

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Danites, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

160 years ago today - Sep 9, 1860

... Some of the Brethren [newly called missionaries] Could not fit up & a Contribution was taken up to Fit them up. B Young $100 HCK $50 W Woodruff $25 John Taylor $60 F. D. Richards $30 D Spences $12 Fineas Young $10. ...

H. C. Kimball ... said that the Elders had been like blood suckers from Here to England and it is time for it to be stoped, and let the women alone & not be Corting them but let them alone. Many bring home women & want the president to soon seal a woman to him. This will soon kill him.

President Young then spoke to orson Pratt & said that the Book debt was the worst trouble the Saints had to Contend with for 6 years. Orson Pratt has done more to make that debt than any other man. So many Books are forced upon the people and they are forced to take them or they will not be fellowshiped. Now stop publishing & geting your portraits taken & fill the kingdom with them & make the people pay for them. This keeps the people poor and keeps them from Emigrating.

Brother Orson Pratt had made some remarks saying that he had used his own means and not any of the means of the Church. He had got it all by his publications. President Young said it all Come out of the poor Saints Just as much as tho he had begged it....

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Sept 9, 1860

Brigham Young preaches: "Brother Cannon remarked that people wondered how many wives and children I had. He may inform them that I shall have wives and children by the million, and glory, and riches, and power, and dominion, and kingdom after kingdom, and reign triumphantly."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Sep 9, 1850

The bill creating the territory was signed by President Millard Fillmore. He appointed ten territorial officials including Brigham Young--five Mormons and five non-Mormons.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Utah Legal History, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

175 years ago today - Sep 9, 1845

[Hosea Stout]

... I took the horse & buggy home and came home and met the police and then went with Br Harmon & Horr to see a boy look in a "peep Stone," for some money which he said he could see hid up in the ground, he would look and we would dig but he found no money he said it would move as we approached it, I came home about ten oclock at night.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Sep 9, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Lucinda West given by William Smith ... thou shalt receive thine inheritance among all the sanctified ones with power and with glory and with honor among the honored ones of the earth who are exalted to thrones and dominions and kingdoms that shall never end because thou art of the chosen seed of promise of Joseph[']s Blood therefore among his Remnants thou shalt be gathered and saved upon Mount Zion with the 144,000. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Sep 9, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Francis A. Brown given by William Smith ... because of thy faith and lineage being counted of Abraham, of Jacob and of Joseph who was sold into Egypt, handed down from father to son, even Priesthood power and authority confined to that Royal stock and noble blood that was not allowed to mingle among the nations in order to preserve the purity of the Sanctuary of the Lord and the Holy Priesthood from adulteration ... none shall be counted more wise or be blessed with greater wisdom in thy day when by great experience thy judgement is complete ... thy Sins are forgiven thee ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Sep 9, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Chancey W. West given by William Smith ...

City of Joseph 9 Septr. 1845 A Blessing by Wm Smith Patriarch ... as a mighty archer thou hast been chosen and there remaineth appointments for thee that shalt exalt thee in time to come and when in the forest thy bow shall be drawn it shall be a deadly aim for in thy days there shall be wars and conflicts and thy paths shall be in the wilderness and it shall be like the [illegible] roe from thine enemies and thine arm shall be [illegible] to the battle when the mighty ones shall lead the armies of the lord and the hosts of Israel & it shall be in the day of wrath and the day of vengeance when God shall ride forth from conquering to conquer and his fierce wrath shall be poured out upon the enemies of Zion and he shall avenge the blood of Saints and prophets

thine shall be thy lot Dear Brother to see great signs and wonders in thy day and generation to behold the crumbling of Babylon the [illegible] my vengenance [vengeance] of God when it shall be poured out there with Priesthood authority with which thou art clothed thou shalt make known the power of the ministry inherited from thy fathers even thy progenitors for many of them administered before the Sanctuary of the Lord which ministry & priesthood is now confirmed upon thy head by an irrevocable decree according to the order of God ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Sep 9, 1845 - Tuesday

[Council of Fifty]

With the positive information from the western missionaries and with the temple nearing completion, Young proposed that the council consider sending “a company west next spring” to “somewhere near the Great Salt Lake,” whence church members could “work our way” to California. After several members spoke on the emigration west, the council appointed a committee of five members to make a list of the necessary supplies for each family as well as to gather information on the best route and “all matters touching the expedition....

Er P. P. Pratt then related some matters pertaining to his labors in draughting a constitution for this kingdom, and stated the reasons why he discontinued his labors. He considered that if we made a constitution it would be a man made thing, and he considered that if God gave us laws to govern us and we receive those laws God must also give us a constitution. ...

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

175 years ago today - Tuesday, Sep 9, 1845

[Council of Fifty]

Seventies Hall, Nauvoo

2 p.m. General council met. Resolved that a company of 1500 men be selected to go to Great Salt Lake Valley and that a Committee of five be appointed to gather information relative to emigration, and report the same to the Council.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

45 years ago today - Sep 8, 1975

LDS Air Force Sgt. Leonard P. Matlovich is featured on the cover of TIME Magazine with the headline, "I Am a Homosexual: The Gay Drive for Acceptance.- The accompanying article makes no mention of Matlovich's Mormonism. Two months later Matlovich is excommunicated. Matlovich served three tours of duty in Vietnam where he received the Bronze Star, a Purple Heart, and an Air Force Meritorious Service Medal. Sgt Matlovich was discharged from the army for coming out. He sued and settled for $160,000. He became a gay-rights activist and died, from complications due to AIDS, on Jun 22, 1988. The epitaph carved in his tombstone in the District of Columbia-s Congressional Cemetery reads -When I was in the military, they gave me a medal for killing two men and a discharge for loving one.-

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

65 years ago today - Sep 08, 1955

Terry Tempest (Williams), later the author of several works and considered by Newsweek as one of the most influential persons on economic, political, and environmental issues in the western United States, is born in Corona, California.

80 years ago today - Sep 08, 1940

Quentin L. Cook, later a member of the First Quorum of the Seventy, is born in Logan, Utah.

110 years ago today - Sep 8, 1910

Apostle (and U.S. Senator) Reed Smoot proposes to Apostles that "all new cases [of polygamy] should be excommunicated from the church and that action should be taken at once. Also that the church should not retain any man taking a plural wife after the Manifesto in a church position where people were asked to support him" The Apostles refer to this as "wholesale slaughter" and recommend a quieter approach.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Sep 8, 1900

[Brigham Young Jr.]

Learn that Pres[iden]ts [George Q.] C[annon]. & [Joseph F.] S[mith]. leave tomorrow night for Cannada to visit officials and our people. How carefully I am excluded from participating in anything of a public nature when it is convenient to do so, not for personal dislike, but [illegible] others. Pres[ident]. [Lorenzo] Snow knows none of this feeling.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Sep 8, 1890

Apostle John Henry Smith preaches that "married people who indulged their passions for any other purpose than to beget children, really committed adultery."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

145 years ago today - Sep 8, 1875

[Wilford Woodruff]

I sealed 2 dead persons to <President Young>.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Sep 8, 1875

George Goddard records that on his son's sixteenth birthday "his Mother and Myself, put our hands upon his head and pronounced a parents blessing upon him." Such "parents blessings" were common in the early church but have been replaced by "fathers blessings."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

145 years ago today - Sep 8, 1875

Reprimand by President Brigham Young to author and president the Women's Exponent -- Eliza R. Snow and editor Louisa L. Greene Richards. (Eliza R. Snow accepted the reprimand).

EDITOR, WOMAN'S EXPONENT:

SALT LAKE CITY, 8th Sept., 1875. EDITOR WOMAN'S EXPONENT:

In your issue of Sept. first, I notice an article written by Miss E. R. Snow, entitled "Mortal and Immortal Elements of the Human Body," republished from No. 13, Vol. 2, of your Journal. The cause assigned for its reproduction in your paper is, that "Saints and strangers were so interested" in its statements, and it had been so often called for that republication was decided upon.

I sincerely regret that this demand should have arisen. I had hoped that after its first publication it would have slept and never been awakened; but the fact of its having been so repeatedly called for, places me under obligations to correct the minds of the Latter-day Saints in relation to the doctrine contained therein.

On some future occasion when I have time I may possibly take up the article in detail, but at present shall simply say, as the prophet Joseph Smith once told an Elder who asked his opinion of a so-called revelation he had written,-"It has just one fault and that one fault is, it is not true." BRIGHAM YOUNG, President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

[1875-September 8-Woman's Exponent, Sept. 15, 1875, quoted in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

85 years ago today - Sep 7, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

In answer I will say that in the resurrection there will be no physical defects; and inasmuch as you are the mother of two children, you may rest assured that in the resurrected state you will have the mother instinct and affections, and your bodily organs will be normal.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Alice Halladay, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

85 years ago today - Sep 7, 1935

The first excommunication of many Mormon Fundamentalists who refuse to sign a loyalty oath that, among other things, denies "any intimation that any one of the Presidency or Apostles of the church is living a double life." Later these excommunicants learn of Apostle Richard R. Lyman's polygamous "double life" at this time.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

105 years ago today - Sep 7, 1915; Tuesday

[James E. Talmage]

Today the First Presidency renewed an appointment originally made about five years ago and suspended because of press of work---that I prepare as soon as possible a work dealing with the Restoration of the Gospel, the book to be in the nature of a companion volume to "The Great Apostasy."

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

115 years ago today - Sep 07, 1905

Ivy Baker (Priest), later the treasurer of the United States, is born in Kimberly, Utah.

170 years ago today - Sep 7, 1850 (Morning, Conference)

President Young then addressed the people on the business of the Conference, and the experience that this people had passed through, and showed that Mormonism circumscribes all truth, whether in heaven, on earth, or in hell, and will continue to revolutionize this world, until all the kingdoms of the earth are subject to the kingdom of Jesus Christ; and testified that Joseph Smith was a Prophet of God and was as good a man as ever walked on the earth. -- Salt Lake City

[Millennial Star Supplement, Manchester- Liverpool, England, 1840-1970. 14:33, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

55 years ago today - Sep 06, 1965

The U.S. government designates Nauvoo, Illinois, as a national historical landmark.

60 years ago today - Sep 6, 1960

Second Counselor Henry D. Moyle confides to BYU President Ernest Wilkinson that Apostles Joseph Fielding Smith and Harold B. Lee were in "real opposition" to his "accelerated missionary program." The program includes using baseball as a missionary tool to baptize teenage boys.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Sep 6, 1935

[Heber J. Grant]

A proper fast consists of refraining from eating two meals on Fast-day'breakfast and the noon-day meal. In practice the fat is usually broke after the Fast-meeting, which is generally held throughout the Church either at 1 or 2 p.m., on the first Sunday of the month.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Emma Zella Deeter, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Sep 6, 1900

Pres. Snow said that Apostle Merrill, president of the Logan Temple, had ruled that the baptism of a certain man who had been baptized a few days before he was 8 years of age was of no virtue. The effect of this decision would be to make null and void the ministrations in the priesthood of this brother in after life. Pres. Merrill had also ruled that he should be rebaptized and that his membership in the church should date from his second baptism. The matter was discussed and it was decided to set aside Pres. Merrill's ruling and to affirm the man's first baptism. To hold that a child in all cases must absolutely be eight years of age before administering the ordinance of baptism was regarded as rather too narrow and technical a view to take.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

180 years ago today - Sep 6, 1840

[Vilate Kimball writes Heber C. Kimball]: "...Seymour Brunson is also dead, everything was done to save him that could be done, but the Lord had need of him. A short time before he died he told Joseph not to hold him any longer `for' said he, `I have seen David Patten and he wants me, and the Lord wants me, and I want to go.' They then gave him up; at one time as Joseph entered the room, he told him that there was a light encircled him above the brightness of the sun—he exclaimed, `The room is full of angels they have come to waft my spirit home.' He then bade his family and friends farewell and sweetly fell asleep in Jesus."

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

190 years ago today - September 1830 (before 26 September)

Sections 29 & 30, Place: Fayette, Seneca County, New York.

Historical Note: Section 30, given to David, Peter, Jr., and John Whitmer at Fayette, New York, was originally three separate revelations in the Book of Commandments. Among other matters, section 30 called Peter Whitmer, Jr., to accompany Oliver Cowdery on his mission to the Lamanites. Section 30 was first published as chapters 31, 32, and 33 in the Book of Commandments in 1833.

[Cook, Lyndon, Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

80 years ago today - Sep 5, 1940

[George F. Richards diary, Sept. 5, 1940] I had a meeting with the Temple Presidency of [the] Salt Lake Temple instructing them as counseled by the [First] Presidency & the Twelve this day to discontinue [the] ring service in sealing, i.e., marrying couples where such ring service, or ceremony is used; also to discontinue prayer rooms provided with altar &c for individual use.

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

95 years ago today - Sep 5, 1925

[Heber J. Grant]

Bishp Edward S. Rich of the East Mill Creek Ward called and gave us a copy of a blessing given by Patriarch Homer Brown to John T. Clark. Brother Clark is one of the men who has recently entered into so-called plural marriage. Brother Rich says that Brother Brown is making a specialty of blessing people who have entered into alleged plural marriage. He promised to furnish us some additional evidence of Brother Brown's improper methods. We cannot help but hope, on account of his life-long labors and having such a splendid son as the president of the Lethbridge Stake, that Brother Brown is not mixed up in giving comfort and consolation to people who are still insisting that plural marriage is the proper thing.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Sep 5, 1895

[Heber J. Grant]

... Several of the Delegates on the train assured me that I could have the nomination for Governor if I would accept it. The Utah Co. Delegates were solid for me. At Salt Lake I learned that all I needed to do was to say the word and I could have the nomination. I highly appreciate the compliment, and feel reasonably well assured that I could get the nomination were I to enter the fight, but I feel that it would be an unwise thing in view of the Church position which I hold. I called on Emily this AM and she was very much frightened for fear I was going to accept the nomination. I called at the office of the First Presidency and told them that I had been offered the nomination by a great many of the Delegates and that I had assured them that I would not accept. I intimated that I would do so if they desired it, and inasmuch as they said nothing to indicate that they would pleased to have me accept the nomination I wired to my cousin A. W. Ivins to use his influence to see that my name did not come before the convention, I did not care to have a few votes cast for me seeing that I did not want and would not accept the offer of the nomination ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Sep 5, 1895

[Francis M. Lyman]

[Orderville] Spoke of Statehood. I held that saints were a little thick headed and stupid who would not see that statehood is what the Lord has in store for us. I stated it as the will of the Lord that we should support statehood.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Sep 5, 1870

Sister Josephene Ursenbak had been baptized for European Ladies, & Princes, &c & she officiated to day with Joseph F Smith & I sealed 9 to the Prophet Joseph Smith, [4/5?] to the Patriarch Joseph Smith, 5 to the Patriarch Hiram Smith 3 to Samuel Harrison Smith, 3 to Don Carlos Smith, 3 to Joseph F Smith & 3 to Samuel H. B. Smith. He officiated for His Father & Don Carloss Smith. Total 30 sealed to the Smith Family.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Sept 5, 1860

Brigham Young's office journal records: "The President observed he was prejudiced against many of the Elders who had labored in England their course had been oppresive to the people for the sake of living like gentlemen, coming home in carriages, and bringing [or buying] home Merchandize to trade with; he should enquire of other Elders into particulars, and do all he could to stop this system of begging from the Saints. The President alluded to his former travels in England and how little he had done upon. H. C. Kimball alluded to the little he had ever received from the Saints."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - Sept 5, 1840

Joseph Smith brings charges against Almon W. Babbitt before the High Council. He charges Babbitt with "First . . . stating that Joseph Smith, Jun., had extravagantly purchased three suits of clothes while he was at Washington City, and that Sidney Rigdon had purchased four suits while at the same place, besides dresses in profusion for their families. Second. For having stated that Joseph Smith, Jun.: Sidney Rigdon and Elias Higbee had said that they were worth one hundred thousand dollars each, while they were at Washington, and that Joseph Smith, Jun., had repeated the same statement while in Philadelphia, and for saying that Oliver Granger had stated that he also was worth as much as they (that is, one hundred thousand dollars). Third. For holding secret councils in the Lord's House, in Kirtland, and for locking the doors of the house, for the purpose of prohibiting certain brethren in good standing in the Church, from being in the Council, thereby depriving them of the use of the house. . . . The parties spoke at length, after which, Joseph Smith withdrew the charge."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

70 years ago today - Sep 04, 1950

The first early-morning seminary, with 198 students, is organized in Southern California under the direction of Ray L. Jones.

70 years ago today - Sep 04, 1950

Latter-day Saint car racer Ab Jenkins shatters twenty-six world and American records on the Bonneville Salt Flats in his Mormon Meteor III.

90 years ago today - Sep 4, 1930

First counselor Anthony W. Ivins computes that the church lost $6 million in stock investments and $900,000 in loans and business transactions with the Presiding Bishop Charles W. Nibley before his appointment as the second counselor in the First Presidency in 1925.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

130 years ago today - Sep 4, 1890 (Thursday)

The Agricultural College at Logan [today: Utah State University] was dedicated.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Sep 4, 1870

[Martin Harris testimony]

... in the year 1818--52 years ago I was Inspired of the Lord & Tought of the Spirit that I Should not Join Eny Church although I Was anxiousley Sought for by meny of the Sectarians[.] ... Previous to my being baptised I became A Witness of the Plates of the Book of mormon in [June] 1829. ... Rogers unknown to me had agreed to give my wife 100 Dollars if it was not A Deseption & had Whet his Nife to cut the covering of the Plates as the Lord had forbid Joseph exhibiting them openley[.] Martins Wife had hefted them & felt them under cover as had Martin &

["Testimony of Martin Harris Written by my hand from the Mouth of Martin Harris," dictated to Edward Stevenson 4 September 1870, Edward Stevenson Collection, Miscellaneous Papers, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Martin Harris Testimony]

150 years ago today - Sep 4, 1870

Edward Stephenson had been to Kirtland & Brought up old Father Martin Harris one of the 3 witnesses of the Book of Mormon. ... Then Martin Harris arose & bore testimony to the truth of the Book of Mormon. He is 88 years old & has finally Come up to Zion to lay his Body down with the Saints. He has been from the Church 33 years in a state of Apostacy & he is far behind the times yet he bears a strong testimony to the truth of the Book of Mormon.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Sep 4, 1860

On sunday Evening while in Conversation at the Historians office a Brother Williams & another man Called to get Council of Presidet Young Concerning Brother Williams of Union Fort who is possessed of the Devil & has been in the mountains 60 days to try to starve himself to death but came home a living skeleton & finally Cut his throat & that did not kill him & he now wanted to drown himself. The men that Came for Counsel want the heads of the Church to unite to gether & Cast the Devil out of him. The President said if he wants to Cut his throat or drown himself let him do it. The devil is determined to destroy his body any how. If you want the devil Cast out you may go to work & Cast him out if you Can. I shall not go down there to do it. We have devils enough to deal with up here without going abroad after them. If the devils destroy his body they will get through with him. That will be the end of there work with his tabernacle.

Brother Cannon Said there was a learned Doctor [ ] that wanted to be baptized. Believed in this work but wanted to close up his business in New York City first. Said when he was baptized that He should lay aside his practice of medicine as he believed the Lord had provided means for the healing of his Saints without the practice of medicine. He is satisfied that the doctrin of the plurality of God and that Adam is our Father is a true doctrin Revealed from God to Joseph & Brigham. For this same Doctrin is taught in some of the old Jewish records which have never been in print and I know Joseph Smith nor Brigham Young have never had access to and the Lord has revealed this doctrin unto them or they Could not have taught it.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]