Today in Church History - Apr 30

-- Apr 30, 1789
George Washington becomes U.S. President. (1)

-- 1830 April-June
Samuel Smith went on early missions in Western New York. (2)

-- Apr 30, 1831
Joseph and Emma's twins, Thadeus and Louisa, are born in the cabin but survive only 3 hours. (3)

Revelation: Joseph Smith Sr. and Ezra Thayer, and use of Frederick G. Williams' farm. (3)

The first time Joseph and family came to Kirtland they lived with Isaac Morley, Lucy's father. Later "Father Morley" built a small house for them on his farm. The twins were born here. Lucy [Morley] and her elder sister kept house for Emma Smith while she was ill. Lucy Diantha Morley Allen reminiscence, "Joseph Smith, the Prophet," Young Woman's Journal 17: 537. (3)

Son and daughter of Joseph and Emma Smith born and died at Kirtland, OH. (1)

[Joseph Smith] Kirtland, Ohio. Joseph Smiths wife, Emma Smith gave birth to twins, a son and daughter, who lived only three hours. They were later identified in family records as Thadeus and Louisa. (4)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph and Emma have twins. The twins die the same day. They adopt twins born to John Murdock after his wife dies. (5)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph and Emmas twins, Thaddeus and Louisa, are born and die. (6)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Julia Murdock passes away in childbirth with twins. (6)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Emma gives birth to twins (Thaddeus and Louisa) in Kirtland. They die within three hours. She adopts John and Julia Murdock's twins, born the same dayJoseph and Juliawhen the mother dies in childbirth. (7)

[Murdock, John] Wife, Julia, died 30 April 1831. (8)

-- Apr 30, 1832
Council of the Literary Firm (Independence): print 3,000 copies of the Book of Commmandments; W. W. Phelps, Oliver and John to select revelations and edit them. (3)

D&C 83 (Independence): Children have claim on their parents' inheritances in Zion. (3)

Meeting of the United Firm (Independence): A. S. Gilbert and Newel K. Whitney agents of the firm. Church loans the firm $15,000. (3)

[Joseph Smith] Independence, Missouri. Joseph Smith sat in council with the brethren and received Doctrine & Covenants 83, a revelation regarding the care of women and children in the Church without husbands or fathers. (4)

[Revelations] Zion (Independence), Missouri. Doctrine and Covenants 83. Church support for faithful widows and fatherless children. Widows keep their inheritances regardless of church status.
Kirtland Revelation Book and 1835 D&C close a loophole so that widows who are not faithful members still get to keep their inheritances, as required by law. Also clarify funding for widows and orphans comes from the Lord's storehouse.
Newel K. Whitney Collection (BYU), Box 1, fd. 10, heading: Revelation received at Independence, Missouri, on 30 April 1832 in addition to the laws of the Church of Christ.
Evening and Morning Star 1, no. 8 (Jan. 1833): {6}, heading: Items in Addition to the Laws for the Government of the Church of Christ, Given April, 1832.
Kirtland Revelations Book, 93, heading: Zion April 30-1832.
Orson Hyde copied this revelation into KRB (page 93) some time after the revelation of October 2, 1833 (pages 71-83), but before page 111, which he dated August 27, 1834.
1835 Doctrine and Covenants 88 heading: Revelation given April, 1832. (9)

-- Apr 30, 1833
[Jaques, Vienna] Came to Kirtland before 30 April 1833. (8)

-- Apr 30, 1839
[Joseph Smith] Church agents made initial purchases of land for Mormon settlement in Commerce, Illinois. (10)

-- Apr 30, 1844
[Snow, Erastus] Left Nauvoo 30 April 1844. (8)

-- Apr 30, 1845
[Brigham Young] Brigham Young, aged 43, marries Emmeline Free (1826-1875) (aged 18); first marriage; 10 children (11)

-- Apr 30, 1846
Nauvoo Temple privately dedicated by Orson Hyde. (2)

The Nauvoo Temple is completed and dedicated. During the days and nights of the following ten months, great numbers of Latter-day Saints go through the temple to receive their "Endowments" and a substantial number of polygamous marriages are solemnized in its sealing rooms. (12)

[Joseph Smith] In the midst of plans to abandon the temple, President of Seventy Joseph Young dedicates the building in a private ceremony attended by many Mormons. This was only time a temple has been dedicated by someone other than a member of the First Presidency or Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. On 1 May, Orson Hyde publicly dedicates the temple in a public ceremony requiring paid admission. (13)

[Wilford Woodruff] Private dedication of nearly-completed Nauvoo temple (14)

-- Apr 30, 1848
[Snow, Erastus] Returned 30 April 1848. (8)

-- Apr 30, 1866
[Lucy Mack Smith] Elias Smith meets with George A. Smith and Brigham Young in Young's office. (7)

-- Apr 30, 1879
Emma Hale Smith Bidamon d. Nauvoo, IL., age 74. (15)

-- Apr 30, 1985
[Mark Hofmann] Rhett James questions authenticity of Harris letter based on study of word patterns of "known" Harris writings. (16)

-- Apr 30, 1992.
BYU announces a draft of a policy on academic freedom which states: "Academic freedom must include not only the institution's freedom to claim a religious identity but also the individual's freedom to ask genuine, even difficult questions. . . . Freedom of thought, belief, inquiry, and expression are crucial no less to the sacred than to the secular quest for truth." It also specifies "reasonable limitations" on academic freedom to prevent behavior that "seriously and adversely affects the university mission or The Church." Examples of restricted behavior fall in three categories. The behavior or expression (1) "contradicts fundamental Church doctrines or opposes, rather than merely discusses, official policies of the Church; (2) attacks or derides the Church or its leaders; and (3) violates the Honor Code because the behavior or expression is dishonest, illegal, unchaste, profane, or unduly disrespectful of others." Newspaper reports of the document include interviews with D
avid Knowlton in the sociology department about recent statements and with Tomi- Ann Roberts and Cecilia Konchar Farr, two BYU faculty members who have taken anti-abortion but pro-choice positions. They report being "cautioned" that they are jeopardizing their jobs. (17)

-- Apr 30, 2000
[Temple] Cochabamba Bolivia Temple; Location: Cochabamba, Bolivia; Announcement: 13 January 1995; Dedication: 30 April 2000 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Classic modern, single-tower design reflecting the Bolivian culture (18)


1 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
2 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
3 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
4 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
5 - http://www.prophetjosephsmith.org/joseph_smith_timeline
6 - History of Joseph Smith by His Mother: Revised and Enhanced by Scot Facer Proctor Maurine Jensen Proctor
7 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
8 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
9 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml
10 - Joseph Smith Papers: Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
11 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives
12 - http://www.pbs.org/mormons/timeline/
13 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
14 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
15 - Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History
16 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
17 - Lavina Fielding Anderson, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1
18 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 29

-- Apr 29, 1607
[U.S. Religious History] At Cape Henry, Virginia, the first Anglican (Episcopal) church in the American colonies was established. (1)

-- Wednesday, Apr 29, 1829
[Book of Mormon Translation] D&C 9 ? (2)

-- Apr 29, 1832
[Joseph Smith] Kaw Township, Missouri. Joseph Smith visited the Church members living above the Big Blue River. (3)

-- Apr 29, 1841
[Lucy Mack Smith] Samuel Harrison Smith marries Levira Clark. Some sources also give the marriage date as 3/30 May 1841. Lucy mistakenly gives the marriage date as 29 April 1842. That was the date of their first daughter's birth. (4)

-- Apr 29, 1842
[Anointed Quorum] Smith defined as "a conspiracy against the peace of my household" three separate conflicts that converged today. First, the Sidney Rigdon family was outraged to learn of his polygamous proposal to his first counselor's daughter. Second, the charges and counter-charges involved in that crisis led to the discovery that Smith's special counselor John C. Bennett had been claiming the prophet's authorization for seducing several women. In his own defense Bennett apparently told others about his knowledge of Smith's recent polygamous marriages and unsuccessful proposals. These interrelated scandals threw Smith's wife Emma into a fury, as one woman after another began disclosing Nauvoo's sexual underground. This controversy caused Smith to delay his plans to give the "grand key words of the Holy Melchizedek Priesthood" to his wife and other women, "as well as to the Elders" (HC, EHAT). (5)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Levira Annette Clark, the first child of Samuel and Levira Smith, is born at Nauvoo. She is Samuel's fifth child. (4)

-- Apr 29, 1846
[Joseph Smith] A public meeting in Iowa approves Young's proposal to sell the temple to Roman Catholic priests. (6)

-- Apr 29, 1861
[Cahoon, Reynolds] Died in South Cottonwood Ward, Salt Lake County, Utah, 29 April 1861. (7)

-- April 29,1965
[Utah] BYU President Ernest L. Wilkinson makes first reference in his diary to receiving reports from student "spy ring" he has authorized and which becomes national scandal within ten months. (8)

-- Apr 29, 1979
[Mark Hofmann] Hofmann writes a college essay in the form of a letter to his mother in which he is very critical of the historical policies of the LDS church. (9)

-- Apr 29, 1985
[Mark Hofmann] Utah Lighthouse Ministry's Salt Lake Messenger accuses LDS church of hiding a second letter that deals with early treasure hunting by the Smith family. Salt Lake Tribune claims 1825 Smith-Stowell letter exists, but Church spokesman denies that Church possesses it. (9)

-- Apr 29, 2001
[Temple] Guadalajara Mexico Temple; Location: Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico; Announcement: 14 April 1999; Dedication: 29 April 2001 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design (10)


1 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
2 - http://www.eldenwatson.net/BoM.htm
3 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
4 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
5 - The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, D. Michael Quinn, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45
6 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
7 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
8 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996
9 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
10 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 28

-- Apr 28, 1834
Kirtland to receive an extra $3,000, then distribute United Firm. Revelation of April 28, 1834 (1)

[Murdock, John] Returned to Kirtland 28 April 1834. (2)

[Revelations] Kirtland, Ohio. Revelation of April 28, 1834. Division of the United Firm. Kirtland branch to keep $3,000 for inheritances to be used when revealed.
Kirtland Revelations Book, 111.
Division of United Firm/Verily thus saith the Lord concerning the division and settlement of the United Firm. /Virtually identical to the copy in Book of Commandments, Book C. Orson Hyde the scribe in both volumes.
Keep $3000 for Kirtland/Let there be reserved three Thousand Dollars for the right and claim of the Firm in Kirtland for inheritances in due time, even when the Lord will;.
To be used when revealed/and with this claim to be had in remembrance when the Lord Shall reveal it for a right of inheritance,
Branches free from each other/ye are made free from the Firm of Zion and the Firm in Zion is made free from the Firm in Kirtland:.
Thus Saith the Lord. Amen. (3)

-- Apr 28, 1835
John Whitmer and W. W. Phelps and his son Waterman leave Missouri for Kirtland, arriving May 17. (1)

[Joseph Smith] Kirtland, Ohio. The Twelve Apostles met together to finalize preparations for their mission to the eastern States in May. (4)

-- April 28-30, 1835
[Revelations] . Doctrine and Covenants 107:1-58. Kirtland, Ohio.
Melchizedek and Aaronic Priesthoods; presidency of the High Priesthood (Melchizedek) can officiate in all offices ; high priests and elders concerned with spiritual affairs ; bishopric presidency of Aaronic ; bishop's "priesthood" lineal ; Aaronic priesthood ministering angels ; church presidency ; Quorum of the Twelve equal to quorum of the church presidency ; seventy missionaries ; quorum of seventy equals Quorum of the Twelve ; Twelve presiding high council ; Twelve direct the seventy ; standing high councils equal traveling high council ; Twelve ordain evangalists [patriarchs] ; lineal priesthood ; Enoch ; Adam's blessing in Adam-ondi-Ahman ; Adam Michael.
The traditional date of March 28 is based on letter dated March 28, 1836 [sic] in KC, 198. However, William E. McLellin records that Joseph and other apostles were in Huntsburg, Ohio March 26-30, 1835. All sources agree the revelation was given in Kirtland; and "A record of the transaction of the Twelve apostles," in Patriarchal Blessing Book 1, indiates cited in JS revelations, 267n6.
Not printed in the Book of Commandments.
1835 Doctrine and Covenants 3 heading: ON PRIESTHOOD. (3)

-- Apr 28, 1838
[Joseph Smith] Far West, Missouri. Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon attended the high council by invitation and filled in as councilors in an appeals case. (4)

-- late Apr 1839
Missouri Governor Boggs issues a bench warrant for the return to Missouri of Sidney Rigdon. Illinois Governor Thomas Carlin refuses to extradite Rigdon. (5)

-- Apr 28, 1842
[Anointed Quorum] Smith told the Relief Society women that "the keys of the kingdom are about to be given to them that they may be able to detect everything false, as well as to the Elders" (NRS). HC deleted that sentence. (6)

[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith met with the members of the Relief Society and lectured on the privileges and blessings of the priesthood. (4)

[Joseph Smith] At a Relief Society meeting Joseph Smith says, "I now deliver it as a prophecy that before ten years shall roll round, the queens of the earth shall come and pay their respects to this Societythey shall come with their millions and shall contribute of their abundance for the relief of the poor." He also warns: "Do not indulge too much in the gift of tongues, or the devil will take advantage of the innocent." Then he tells the women that "the keys of the kingdom are about to be given to them that they may be able to detect everything false, as well as to the Elders.I now turn the key to you in the name of God." (7)

-- Apr 28, 1844
[Anointed Quorum] Sunday evening prayer circle, first since March; Joseph Smith did not attend because "I had been suddenly taken sick" (HC, JS-F, MHBY, WC-S, WW). (6)

[Foster, Robert D] Chosen apostle in schismatic group headed by William Law 28 April 1844. (2)

[Joseph Smith] Hyrum Smith preaches that "there were Prophets before Adam." (7)

[Lucy Mack Smith] The dissidents church appoints Austin Cowles and Wilson Law as counselors to William Law. They have about 200 followers. Wilson is court-martialed as major general of the Nauvoo Legion. (8)

-- Apr 28, 1847
[Pratt, Parley Parker] Sealed to Ann Agatha Walker 28 April 1847. Five children: Agatha, Malona, Marion, Moroni, and Eveline. (2)

[Pratt, Parley Parker] Sealed to Martha Monks 28 April 1847. One child: Ether. (2)

-- Apr 28, 1883
[Uncannonized Post-Joseph Smith Revelation] Revelation to John Taylor at Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, on 28 April 1883
A Revelation given to President John Taylor, at Salt Lake City, 28th April 1883
You have asked me why your mind was confused and dull within the last two days.
Verily thus saith the Lord, by the whisperings of his Spirit and the Still small Voice that the arrangement which you have contemplated with my Servant, Thomas [Taylor], is not acceptable, to me. He should have listened to your offer which would have been profitable to himself and acceptable to me[.] when you rejected his offer you did right, and my Spirit was with you; but when you, in your zeal to show that you had faith in me and in my word, accepted propositions and assumed responsibilities which were not in accordance with the order that I showed you, you did wrong, and I withdrew my Spirit.
For it is forbidden my Presidency to go into debt unless I, the Lord, command it, for these things lead to confusion and bondage. Besides have I not shown unto you, my Servant John [Taylor], a way to raise a fund which should be at Your disposal for the accomplishment of my purposes, and by which the rights and properties of my people should be preserved in all of these matters? You must abide by this principle.
My servant, Thomas [Taylor], does not understand fully this matter. Confer with him on this subject, and if he can see these things and follow council he shall assist you in the developments contemplated. For you, nor my Servant George Q. Cannon cannot attend to these details; but if he, Thomas [Taylor], cannot enter freely into this matter without restraint then shall you arrange with him according to wisdom, and withdraw from the contemplated arrangement.
Behold, I have shown unto you many things, and I will Continue to make Known unto you my will, from time to time, on things temporal as well as spiritual, things pertaining to my Church, my Kingdom and my Zion, and you shall be my mouthpiece, saith the Lord, And I will greatly bless you and lift you up, and exalt you, saith the Lord, for your words and works are acceptable unto me, and, I know of your Zeal and integrity in my cause, and you shall be made a blessing to my people and your name shall be honored in Israel, and in this nation and among the nations of the earth; for they that honor me I will honor.
And I will also greatly bless my servant George Q. Cannon, who is acceptable before me, and who is exceedingly desirous to do my will. And I will also bless my servant Joseph F. Smith whose heart and spirit is right before me, and who is also desirous to fulfill my law, and these your Counselors shall be greatly blessed with you; and [you] shall be my mouthpiece unto them, and I will also show unto them my will from time to time.
And you shall be one in Spiritual things, and also in temporal things in due time, and I will show unto my people and unto the world, that this world is mine, and that I created it by my power, and the gold and silver, and copper, and brass, and iron and riches and precious things thereof, and all that pertains thereunto are mine; and my people shall know that they are mine, and that they live in me, and move and exist by me, and have their being from me, and that all which they possess is mine, and is obtained of me, and that they are and can only be, stewards over that which I have given unto them to possess, and which they could not have only of me and by me, whether it relates to this earth and the fullness thereof, to wives, children, and friends, to gold, silver, houses, lands, righes [riches], and possessions pertaining thereto, or to thrones, principalities, powers, dominions and exaltations in my eternal Kingdom.
And my presidency shall be one, and the Twelve shall be one, and the Presidencies of Stakes and the High Councils shall be one and all of my holy Priesthood in their several quorums, standings, offices, and positions, shall be one and all of my Priesthood shall be united as one, and they shall be one with my people, and my people shall be one with them, and they shall be my Church, my Kingdom and my Zion, and I will be one with them and be their God.
Let every person, therefore, be diligent and act in their several positions, callings or Priesthood, and honor and magnify the same, and honor and obey me, the Lord their God, and respect and obey the Counsels of my holy Priesthood, and I will honor and exalt them, saith the Lord, in Time and throughout Eternity.
And as it regards my servant John Taylor, it is not necessary for him to attend to the minutia or details of either spir[i]tual or temporal things, but only to give general directions, or as I may make manifest from time to time. And his Councilors are to be his assistants, And the First Presidency shall call upon the Twelve, the Presidents of Stakes, the Bishops, and others to assist in these duties, and I will raise up wise and prudent men, from time to time, to assist in Temporal as well as Sp[i]ritual things, for they are all one with me.
And, then let the Twelve call upon the Seventies; and let the High Priests, the High Councils, and Elders, and Bishops and the lesser Priesthood, and all who labor for Zion be diligent and obedient, and let every man put in his sickle and reap, and fulfill and magnify his calling, office or Priesthood.
These things belong to my Priesthood but more properly to the School of the Prophets. Let the School of the Prophets be organized, even all such as are worthy, but if they are found unworthy they shall not have a place in my school, for I will be honored by My Priesthood, and let my laws be made known unto them as may be deemed expedient.
(Manuscript in John Taylor Papers, LDS archives, typed copy) (9)

-- Apr 28, 1901
[Apostle Rudger Clawson] Death of son, Francis Marion Clawson. (10)

-- Apr 28, 1960
[U.S. Religious History] The 100th General Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian Church (PCUS) passed a resolution declaring that sexual relations in the context of marriage but without the intent to conceive children were not sinful. (11)

-- Apr 28, 1985
[Mark Hofmann] Church News announces Church's acquisition of Harris letter from Christensen, and publishes the letter, with a careful statement from First Presidency acknowledging apparent authenticity. (12)

-- Apr 28, 1997
[Same Sex Marriage] Reciprocal Beneficiaries bill passed and will take effect 1 July 1997. The revised version of the bill which was passed has been expanded to include all domestic partners who may not legally marry (eg., a widowed woman and her co-resident son, a brother and sister, or two persons of the same sex). (13)

-- Apr 28, 2002
[Temple] Monterrey Mexico Temple; Location: Monterrey, Nuevo Lean, Mexico; Announcement: 21 December 1995; Dedication: 28 April 2002 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design (14)


1 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
2 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
3 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml
4 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
5 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
6 - The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, D. Michael Quinn, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45
7 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
8 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
9 - http://www.xmission.com/~research/central/revel2.htm
10 - A Ministry of Meetings:The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson, Significant Mormon Diaries Series No. 6, Edited by Stan Larson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City 1993. A Rudger Clawson Chronology
11 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
12 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
13 - http://www.mormonsocialscience.org/?q=node/59
14 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 27

-- Monday, Apr 27, 1829
[Book of Mormon Translation] D&C 8 ? (1)

-- Apr 27, 1832
Council continues (Independence): Name of the mercantile business (United Firm) to be Gilbert, Whitney & Company in Zion and Newel K. Whitney & Company in Kirtland. (2)

Amasa Lyman joins Church. (3)

[Lyman, Amasa Mason] Baptized 27 April 1832. (4)

-- Apr 27, 1833
We perceive by a letter from Independence, Missouri, to the Editor of the Cincinnati Journal, that difficulties have already began in the Mormon community, at Mount Zion, in that quarter; one of the members having sued the Bishop, in a court of justice, for fifty dollars, which had been sent by the plaintiff to the said Bishop, from Ohio, "to purchase an inheritance for himself and the saints of God in Zion in these last days." This was certainly a most impious act, but "nevertheless and notwithstanding," the jury found for the plaintiff; it appearing that though the good bishop had indeed appropriated the money "to the purchase of an inheritance," yet he had, unthoughtedly no doubt, procured the deed to be drawn in his own name, to his heirs, &c. and no one else in Zion nor out of it. The writer states that on this decision several other members are ready to make similar demands on the good bishop. "Mormonism," Ohio Republican (Zanesville, Ohio), Apr. 27, 1833.
Possible cause of change in D&C 51:3. (2)

-- Apr 27, 1834
[Joseph Smith] Kirtland, Ohio. As Wilford Woodruff remembered, Joseph Smith prophesied in a testimony meeting before the departure of Zions Camp that the Church would fill the Rocky Mountains and the work would fill the whole earth. (5)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Hyrum, fourth child and second son of Hyrum and Jerusha Smith, is born. (6)

-- (Fri) Apr 27, 1838
Joseph Smith began dictating a history of the Church to his scribe. [LDS Church History Vol III] He describes the First Vision, etc. Smith also publishes answers to frequently asked questions on the beliefs of Mormons. (7)

-- Apr 27, 1838
Joseph, Sidney, and George W. Robinson begin "a history of this Church from the earliest period of its existance up to this date." Joseph's 1838, (2)

[Joseph Smith] Far West, Missouri. Joseph Smith spent the day working on a history of the Church from its beginnings, which would eventually be published as History of the Church. (5)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph Smith's clerk George W. Robinson writes that "Joseph Smith, Jr., Sidney Rigdon, [and] myself" began "writing a history of this Church from the earliest period of its existance." This undoubtedly includes a description of Joseph Smith's first vision but this document in Robinson's handwriting is missing. (8)

[Joseph Smith] Commenced writing detailed history of the church, Far West. (9)

[Joseph Smith] Initiates the writing of his history, published serially as the History of Joseph Smith in Church periodicals beginning in 1842; later republished as History of the Church. (10)

-- Apr 27, 1839
[Snow, Erastus] Arrived in Quincy 27 April 1839. (4)

-- Apr 27, 1843
[Polygamy] William Clayton polygamous marriage to Margaret Moon (11)

[Polygamy] Smith secretly marries William Clayton to his wife's sister. William Clayton had learned of plural marriage at least by March 7, 1843, when Joseph Smith told Brigham Young to give Clayton a "favor" regarding priesthood instruction. The word "favor" in Clayton's journal refers to the granting of an additional wife. Clayton and his first wife, Ruth Moon, were in their seventh year of marriage and had three children. The prophet personally visited the family in their Nauvoo home and suggested that Clayton participate in plural marriage. Margaret Moon, his legal wife's sister, became Clayton's first plural wife. The marriage was recorded on April 27, 1843, three months before Smith dictated his plural marriage revelation. PLACE: Nauvoo, IL (12)

[William Clayton] Enters into plural marriage with Margaret Moon, sister to his first wife. (13)

-- Apr 27, 1844
[Benson, Ezra Taft] Sealed to Adaline Brooks Andrus (plural wife) on 27 April 1844. Three children: George Taft, Florence Adeline, and Frank. (4)

Wilson Law and Robert D. Foster claim that Joseph Smith kept a gang of robbers and plunderers about his house, with Smith receiving half of the spoils. Foster says Smith tried to get him to kill Boggs [per 2-May, 1844 affidavit of Aaron Johnson]. (3)

[Polygamy] Ezra T. Benson polygamous marriage to Adeline B. Andrus (11)

-- Apr 27, 1845
[Anointed Quorum] Sunday evening prayer circle of Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Amasa M. Lyman, George A. Smith, Orson Hyde, John Smith, Joseph Young, and William Clayton at Willard Richards's office (HC, HCK, WC-S). (14)

[Black History] O. Hyde speaks on "curse of slavery", (15)

[Black History] Orson Hyde refers to Negroes as the cursed lineage of Canaan and says that the curse of servility which they bore was for actions in the Preexistence ("Speech Delivered Before the High Priests Quorum in Nauvoo", MS in Utah State Historical Society). He also expressed the fear that the curse of Cain would come on him and his posterity if he did not repent his apostasy. (16)

[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo's "Whistling and Whittling Brigade" harass "old" former high councilor Austin Cowles and drive him from the city. (8)

-- Apr 27, 1870
An abandoned child was left at the door of Mrs -- The first circumstance of the kind known in Salt Lake City. (17)

-- Apr 27, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:30 a.m. Present Senators Burrows, Dillingham, Dubois, Overman, and Smoot, with attorneys Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. L. E. Abbott testifies. The committee adjourns at 11:20 a.m. (18)

-- Apr 27, 1915
[Joseph F. Smith] The First Presidency urges members to hold regular home evenings. (19)

-- Apr 27, 1986.
The ten-month speaking ban on Linda Newell and Val Avery is lifted. The story is carried by UPI and AP, and published in the Tribune and other major newspapers in the state with the exception of the Deseret News. Linda summarizes the experience: "If you're excommunicated or disfellowshipped, you know what the repentance process is and you get on with your life. But what do you do when you've been punished by people who are handing down decisions they didn't make? I thought a lot about the damage the whole incident had done to me, to the church, my friends, to my family, untold people who were distraught by it, and those who sat in judgement. I went back to my stake president and asked him to talk to Elders Oaks and Maxwell again about reconsidering the ban. I would be participating in a KSL's `Talkabout' program discussing the upcoming Mormon History Association in England, and I knew, with audience participation, that someone would ask me about the ban. I hadn't been in a pu
blic setting for the whole ten months when people hadn't discussed it. I pointed out to my stake president the advantages to everyone of being able to say that the situation had been resolved. He said he'd see what he could do. The night before I was to tape the program, he called and said that I was no longer under any restrictions." (20)


1 - http://www.eldenwatson.net/BoM.htm
2 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
3 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
4 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
5 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
6 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
7 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
8 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
9 - Joseph Smith Papers: Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
10 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
11 - Smith, George D (Spring 1994), "Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-46: A Preliminary Demographic Report", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27
12 - http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm
13 - George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, p.lxiii, A William Clayton Chronology
14 - The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, D. Michael Quinn, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45
15 - http://www.xtimeline.com/events.aspx?q=Bif200802111550260291166
16 - http://www.mormonsocialscience.org/node/62
17 - Richards - Little, Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306
18 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor
19 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph F. Smith, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
20 - Lavina Fielding Anderson, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 26

-- 1828 c. Apr. 26
[Oliver Cowdery] Lucy Harris left her husband in Harmony and returned to Palmyra, convinced that Joseph Smith, Jr. was an impostor who had no golden plates. (1)

-- Apr 26, 1830
[Gause, Jesse] Resigned as Quaker preacher 26 April 1830. (2)

-- Apr 26, 1832
Council (Independence): Joseph "President of the High Priesthood." Bishop Edward Partridge extends "the right hand of fellowship." "All differences settled & the hearts of all run together in love". (3)

D&C 82: Lord is "bound when ye do what I say;" Edward Partridge, Newel K. Whitney, Sidney Gilbert, Sidney Rigdon, Joseph Smith, John Whitmer, Oliver Cowdery, W. W. Phelps and Martin Harris to form a pact to manage church affairs in Zion and Kirtland; equal property rights; Kirtland stake; holding property in common is an "everlasting order inasmuch as you sin not." United Firm (3)

On the 26th <of April> I called a general council of the church, and was acknowledged as the President of the High priesthood, according to a previous ordination at a Conference of High-priests, elders, and members, held at Amherst, Ohio, on the 25th of January 32.The right hand of fellowship was given to me by the Bishop. Edward Partridge, in behalf of the Church. The scene was solemn, impressive, and delightful. During the intermission, a difficulty or hardness which had existed between Bishop Partridge and Elder Rigdon was amicably settled, and when we came together in the afternoon all hearts seemed to rejoice, and I received [D&C 82] <. (3)

Joseph Smith, Jun., was acknowledged President of the High Priesthood, at a General Council of the Church. (4)

[Joseph Smith] Independence, Missouri. Joseph Smith called a general council of the Church, where he received Doctrine & Covenants 82, a revelation about the responsibilities of Church members, and was acknowledged as President of the High Priesthood. (5)

[Revelations] Jackson County, Missouri. Doctrine and Covenants 82. Lord is "bound when ye do what I say;" Edward, Newel, Sidney Gilbert, Sidney Rigdon, Joseph, John Whitmer, Oliver, W. W. Phelps, and Martin Harris to form a pact to church affairs in Zion and Kirtland. This is the United Firm, sometimes called the United Order. Kirtland stake; equal property rights ; an everlasting order. Whoever breaks the covenant to be "delivered over to the buffetings of Satan". Make friends with gentiles so they don't destroy you.
Not printed in the Book of Commandments.
1835 Doctrine and Covenants 86 heading: Revelation given April, 1832, showing the order given to Enoch and the church in his day. (6)

-- Apr 26, 1835
Most of the Twelve meet to prepare for their mission east. Orson Pratt has not returned from another mission since his calling was announced. He arrives in Kirtland just as the meeting begins, enters the room dramatically, and is ordained by David Whitmer and Oliver Cowdery. (3)

Thomas B. Marsh is sustained as president of the Quorum of the Twelve. (3)

Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Pratt are ordained apostles and members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Elder Marsh, erroneously thought to be the eldest, is ordained the president of the quorum. (7)

[Joseph Smith] Kirtland, Ohio. Joseph Smith assembled in the Kirtland Temple with the Twelve Apostles and Seventies to give them a charge and instructions relating to their missions and other duties. (5)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Orson Pratt and Thomas B. Marsh arrive at Kirtland and are ordained members of the Twelve. (8)

[Marsh, Thomas Baldwin] Ordained one of twelve apostles 26 April 1835. (2)

[Pratt, Orson] Ordained one of twelve apostles 26 April 1835. (2)

[Quorum of the Twelve] Orson Pratt ordained. (9)

-- (Thr) Apr 26, 1838
Church of (Christ of) Latter Day Saints at Far West was re-named "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints." The apostate "pure church" group in Kirtland retained the earlier name (or, "The Church of Christ). (10)

-- Apr 26, 1838
Name of the Church specified as "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" (D&C 115:4). (11)

D&C 115: name of the church changed to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. D&C 115 (3)

Name of the Church specified by revelation (see D&C 115: 4). (12)

Church re-named "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints." (13)

While in Far West, Missouri, Joseph Smith presents section 115 of the Doctrine of Covenants, naming the church "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints". Also in this revelation, the Lord commands the church to build a temple in Far West. Work begins almost immediately. (7)

[Joseph Smith] Far West, Missouri. Joseph Smith received Doctrine & Covenants 115, a revelation commanding the Church to build a house unto the Lord in Far West. (5)

[Joseph Smith] A revelation changes the official name of the church, this time to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Kirtland dissenters had claimed that Joseph Smith apostatized and became the anti-Christ in 1834 when he changed the church's name to delete reference to Jesus. (14)

[Joseph Smith] Revelation clarifying name of church and commanding Latter-day Saints to build a house of the Lord, Far West. (15)

[Revelations] Far West, Missouri. Doctrine and Covenants Section 115. Name: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Gather. Far West a holy city with house of the Lord. Begin on July 4, foundation next year. Settlements for other stakes. (6)

[Taylor, John] Accompanied others of Twelve to Far West, Missouri, 26 April 1838. (2)

[Temple] Adam-ondi-Ahman Temple; Location: Adam-ondi-Ahman, Missouri; Notes: Site dedicated. Laid out by Brigham Young (although no cornerstones were laid). Never built because of 1838 Mormon War. Design was to be similar to Kirtland Temple. Site dedicated and temple announced on 26 April 1838 by Joseph Smith, Jr. (16)

-- (Fri) Apr 26, 1839
At secret meeting of the Twelve at deserted Far West, one of the corner stones of the temple is rolled into place; 31 apostates are cut off from the Church [Brigham Young]. (10)

-- Apr 26, 1839
Apostles (at great personal risk) gathered at Far West Temple site, to fulfill revelation regarding second apostolic mission to British Isles (D&C 118). (17)

Apostles gathered at Far West temple site in fulfillment of commandment respecting overseas mission (D&C 118). (11)

Wilford Woodruff ordained an apostle. (3)

The Saints commenced evacuating Far West. April 22. Joseph Smith, Jun., arrived in Quincy, Illinois. (4)

31 cut off from the Church [per Brigham Young]. (13)

Wilford Woodruff and George A. Smith are ordained apostles and members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. (7)

[Joseph Smith] At the Far West temple site, in jeopardy if detected by anti-Mormons, apostles Young, Kimball, Taylor, Orson Pratt, and John E. Page ordain Woodruff and George A. Smith as apostles to fulfill one of Joseph Smith's earlier revelations. Eighteen other Mormons, including four women, also brave the mobs by attending this ceremony. (14)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Members of the Twelve (Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Pratt, John E. Page, and John Taylor) meet in Far West, lay the cornerstone of the temple, and ordain Wilford Woodruff and George A. Smith apostles. (8)

[Pratt, Orson] In fulfillment of D&C section 118, met with others of twelve apostles in Far West, Missouri, 26 April 1839. (2)

[Quorum of the Twelve] Wilford Woodruff and George A. Smith ordained. (9)

[Smith, George Albert] Ordained apostle 26 April 1839. (2)

[Wilford Woodruff] Ordained apostle by Brigham Young in Far West, Missouri (18)

[Wilford Woodruff] Ordained an Apostle by Brigham Young at the temple site in Far West, Missouri. (19)

-- Apr 26, 1844
Charles Foster draws pistol against Joseph Smith; Charles Foster, Robert D. Foster, and Chauncey L. Higbee arrested by Smith's men and fined $100 [per Joseph Smith]. (13)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Augustine Spencer assaults his brother, Orson Spencer, and resists arrest. Marshal John P. Greene asks for help from Chauncy L. Higbee and Charles and Robert Foster, who refuse, leading to their own arrests and an attempted assault on Joseph. (8)

[Polygamy] Theodore Turley polygamous marriage to Sarah Ellen Clift (20)

-- After Apr 26, 1844
Robert D. Foster charged with slander against Willard Richards for accusing Richards of trying to seduce his wife on the boat to New York. (13)

-- Apr 26, 1845
[Anointed Quorum] Sylvia P. Sessions (Lyon, Smith, Kimball) received her second anointing with Heber C. Kimball, but apparently not at a meeting of the Anointed Quorum (HCK). (21)

-- Apr 26, 1847
[U.S. Religious History] The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod was officially organized. (22)

-- Apr 26, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:30 a.m. Present Senators Bailey, Burrows, Depew, Dillingham, Dubois, Foraker, Hopkins, Overman, Pettus, and Smoot, with attorneys Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. Thatcher continues. The committee goes into executive session at 11:25 a.m. (23)

-- Apr 26, 1998
Gordon B. Hinckley addressed a large gathering at Madison Square Garden in New York City. (11)

-- Apr 26, 2008
[Temple] Gila Valley Arizona (announced) Temple; Location: Central, Arizona; Announcement: 26 April 2008; Groundbreaking: scheduled for 14 February 2009; Notes: Announced by Thomas S. Monson on 26 April 2008. The groundbreaking is scheduled for Valentine's Day, 14 February 2009. (16)

[Temple] Gilbert Arizona (announced) Temple; Location: Gilbert, Arizona; Announcement: 26 April 2008; Notes: Announced by Thomas S. Monson on 26 April 2008, to be built on the southeast corner of Pecos and Greenfield Roads. (16)


1 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/Cdychrn1.htm
2 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
3 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
4 - Richards - Little, Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306
5 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
6 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml
7 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/19th_century_(Mormonism)
8 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
9 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)
10 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
11 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
12 - http://scriptures.lds.org/chchrono/contents
13 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
14 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
15 - Joseph Smith Papers: Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
16 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples
17 - Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History
18 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
19 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Wilford Woodruff, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
20 - Smith, George D (Spring 1994), "Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-46: A Preliminary Demographic Report", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27
21 - The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, D. Michael Quinn, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45
22 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
23 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 25

-- about Apr 25, 1830
[Joseph Smith] Colesville, New York. Joseph Smith performed the first miracle after the organization of the Church by casting a devil out of Newel Knight. (1)

-- Apr 25, 1834
Wilford Woodruff arrives in Kirtland from New York and meets Joseph, who invites the Woodruffs to stay with him. WWJ, 1:8; Wilford Woodruff (2)

[Wilford Woodruff] Arrives in Kirtland, Ohio, headquarters of Mormon church (3)

-- Apr 25, 1835
David Whitmer, Martin Harris, and Oliver Cowdery ordain Thomas B. Marsh an apostle. (2)

[Phelps, William Wines] Left Clay County 25 April 1835. (4)

[Quorum of the Twelve] Thomas B. Marsh ordained. (5)

-- Apr 25, 1836
[Joseph Smith] Anti-Mormons in Van Buren County, Missouri, bullwhip a non-Mormon for refusing to tell where his Mormon acquaintances are. (6)

-- (Thr) Apr 25, 1839
Joseph Smith traveled to Commerce, IL. He remained in that area about a week and on April 30th Smith, Rigdon, (and perhaps George W. Robinson and Alanson Ripley) met in Commerce and agreed to purchase two adjoining farms (the Hugh White farm and the Isaac Galland estate) for the Church for $5,000 and $9,000. Rigdon, Joseph, and Hyrum signed notes for $23,000 and Isaac Galland transferred the Commerce property over to the Mormons. (7)

-- Apr 25, 1839
Joseph Smith travels to Commerce, IL and purchases two adjoining farms for the Church for $5,000 and $9,000. (8)

[Joseph Smith] Quincy, Illinois. Joseph Smith went to Iowa with a committee of the Church to select a place for the relocation of the Saints from Missouri. (1)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph chooses Commerce and Montrose as the future gathering places for the Saints. (9)

-- Apr 25, 1841
[Joseph Smith] A Mormon "Secret Service in detecting thiefs &c." is founded. The thieves are former Danites. (6)

-- Apr 25, 1842
[Law, William] Initiated into Masonic Order 25 April 1842. (4)

[Wight, Lyman] Initiated into Masonic Order 25 April 1842. Member of Nauvoo Legion and Nauvoo City Council. (4)

-- Apr 25, 1844
[Council of Fifty Member] Smith, William (1811-1894). Admitted 25 April 1844. Dropped after 9 September 1845. (10)

[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith told a reporter from the St. Louis Gazette that he had gained his power by the principles of truth and virtue. (1)

-- Apr 25, 1846
Mexican troops fire on American soldiers who have been provocatively placed by President James Polk in a disputed part of Texas. The U.S. declares war on Mexico in May, and a Mormon Battalion of some 500 soldiers enlists, although they see no action. (11)

-- Apr 25, 1847
[Black History] PP Pratt links "blood of Ham" to priesthood curse, (12)

-- Apr 25, 1855
[Wilford Woodruff] Attends first meeting of Deseret Theological Society (3)

-- Apr 25, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:00 a.m. Present Senators Bailey, Burrows, Dillingham, Dubois, McComas, Overman, and Smoot, with attorneys Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. Powers continues, followed by Moses Thatcher. The committee adjourns at 11:50 a.m. (13)

-- Apr 25, 1993
San Diego Temple dedicated. (14)

[Temple] San Diego California Temple; Location: San Diego, California, USA; Announcement: 7 April 1984; Dedication: 25 April 1993 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Modern, two-tower - designed by William S. Lewis, Jr. (15)


1 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
2 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
3 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
4 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
5 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)
6 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
7 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
8 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
9 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
10 - Council of Fifty Members, 1844-1945, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies 20, #2 (1980)
11 - http://www.pbs.org/mormons/timeline/
12 - http://www.xtimeline.com/events.aspx?q=Bif200802111550260291166
13 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor
14 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
15 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 24

-- about Friday, Apr 24, 1829
[Book of Mormon Translation] D&C 7 [from Alma 45:18-19 ?] (1)

-- Apr 24, 1832
Joseph and companions reach Independence. (2)

[Joseph Smith] Independence, Missouri. Joseph Smith arrived in Independence after traveling first by steamboat and then an additional 300 miles by stagecoach. (3)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph Jr. arrives at Independence, Missouri. (4)

[Whitney, Newel Kimball] Arrived in Independence 24 April 1832. (5)

-- Apr 24, 1834
[Joseph Smith] , 79 Attended court as complainant in state lawsuit against Doctor Philastus Hurlbut, who was put under bond to keep the peace and not harm JS, Chardon, Ohio. (6)

-- Apr 24, 1835
Smith, the Mormon Prophet, was recognised, on Wednesday last, by Justice Miller of this village, for his appearance at the next Court of Common Pleas, to answer to a charge of Assault and Battery committed upon the person of his brother-in-law. [The hearing is postponed when the brother-in-law leaves the state for a time.] PT, Apr. 24, 1835. (2)

-- Apr 24, 1837
David W. Patten charges Lyman Wight with teaching the "erroneous" doctrine that the church is under a telestial law. Lyman is directed to recant. (2)

David W. Patten charges Lyman Wight for false doctrine. Wight convicted and makes accommodation. Also, Jesse Hitchcock cut off from the High Council. (7)

-- Apr 24, 1842
[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith preached on the hill near the Nauvoo Temple concerning the building of the temple. (3)

-- Apr 24, 1843
[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith took his children on a pleasure ride in a carriage. (3)

-- Apr 24, 1844
[Joseph Smith] To help pay Joseph Smith's debts, apostles Young, Kimball, George A. Smith, and Lyman star in the play Pizzaro at the Nauvoo Masonic Hall. (8)

-- Apr 24, 1845
[Joseph Smith] Emma Smith argues that the Nauvoo high council is the presiding authority of the church and that William Marks is the lawful successor to her husband. She bases this on an 1835 revelation (D&C 107). (8)

-- Apr 24, 1846
Saints encamped at Garden Grove, Iowa. (9)

-- Apr 24, 1854
[Smith, Joseph Fielding] Received endowment 24 April 1854. (5)

-- Apr 24, 1858-25
[Utah War] Gov. Cumming, responding to the popular notion of extreme tyranny in Utah, offered to assist those who "considered themselves unlawfully restrained of their liberties." His notice was read in the Tabernacle on the 25th.Only 56 men, 33 women and 71 children responded. They wanted to leave "from a desire to improve their circumstances, and realize elsewhere more money by their labor." Mormon leaders pledged their assistance in leaving the territory. (Cumming's account: Mormon Resistance, 307-308; also, Normon F. Furniss, The Mormon Conflict, 1850-1859 [Yale University Press, 1960] 187.) (10)

-- Apr 24, 1933
[U.S. Religious History] Felix Adler, founder of the Ethical Culture movement, died in New York City. (11)

-- Apr 24, 1999
[Temple] BogotaColombia Temple; Location: Bogota, D.C., Colombia; Announcement: 7 April 1984; Dedication: 24 April 1999 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Cuellar, Cerrano y Gomez (12)


1 - http://www.eldenwatson.net/BoM.htm
2 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
3 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
4 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
5 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
6 - Joseph Smith Papers: Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
7 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
8 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
9 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
10 - http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html
11 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
12 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 23

-- Apr 23, 1834
D&C 104 (Kirtland): Those who have broken United Order covenants are cursed; the United Orders of Kirtland and Zion are to be separated. Stewardships are assigned to Sidney, Martin Harris, John Johnson, Frederick G. Williams, Oliver Cowdery, Joseph, and N. K. Whitney. Covenant breakers are not identified. (1)

Joseph, Sidney, Frederick G. Williams, Oliver Cowdery, N. K. Whitney, and John Johnson to pray that Zebedee Coltrin will be able to borrow money from Jacob Myers or persuade him to come to Kirtland and bring it himself. (1)

Joseph Smith is referred to as "Enoch" in a revelation. (2)

[Joseph Smith] Kirtland, Ohio. While assembled in council with the brethren, Joseph Smith received Doctrine & Covenants 104, a revelation concerning the United Order and the care of the poor. (3)

[Joseph Smith] A revelation ends the Kirtland United Order and distributes its real estate assets among Joseph Smith, Cowdery, Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, Martin Harris, Newel K. Whitney, and John Johnson. Although the revelation says, "it is my will that you shall pay all your debts," Smith requires Whitney to absorb the $1,151.31 Whitney had loaned to him personally as well as $2,484.22 of other men's debts to Whitney. (4)

[Revelations] Kirtland, Ohio. Doctrine and Covenants 104. Lord breaks up United Order become of the duplicty, or suspected duplicity, of some. They are cursed. Stewardships for Sidney , Martin , Frederick , John Johnson , Newel K. Whitney , and Joseph. The connection between the orders in Kirtland and Zion is severed. Protocols for the Lord's treasury. Withdrawals from treasury only by common consent of the order. Pay all debts. Be humble and the Lord will deliver the brethren from debt.
1835 Doctrine and Covenants 98 heading: Revelation given to Enoch, concerning the order of the church for the benefit of the poor. (5)

-- Apr 23, 1843
Kinderhook plates (6 bell shaped brass plates) found in Kinderhook, IL. (2)

-- Apr 23, 1844
[Hyde, Orson] Arrived in Washington 23 April 1844. (6)

-- Apr 23, 1847
[Taylor, John] Sealed to Sophia Whitaker 23 April 1847 at Winter Quarters. Seven children: Harriet Ann Whitaker, James Whitaker, Hyrum Whitaker, John Whitaker, Helena Whitaker, Moses Whitaker, and Frederick Whitaker. (6)

-- Apr 23, 1851
[Wilford Woodruff] Departs with Brigham Young party on tour of central and southern Utah; visits Utah Valley, meets Chief Walker (7)

-- Apr 23, 1852
[Wilford Woodruff] Leaves with Brigham Young on another tour of central and southern Utah (7)

-- Apr 23, 1857
A company of about seventy missionary elders left Salt Lake City to cross the plains with handcarts. (8)

-- Apr 23, 1861
First wagon trains sent from Salt Lake Valley with supplies to help bring immigrating Saints to Utah. (9)

Two hundred wagons, with four yoke of cattle each, carrying 15,000 pounds of flour, started for the Missouri river, to bring the poor of the Saints to Utah. (8)

-- Apr 23, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:30 a.m. Present Senators Bailey, Burrows, Dubois, Hopkins, McComas, Overman, Pettus, and Smoot, with attorneys Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. Powers continues. The committee recesses from 11:55 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Powers resumes. The committee adjourns at 3:55 p.m. (10)

-- Apr 23, 1962
[Joseph Smith] Elder George Q. Morris passes away. (11)

[Quorum of the Twelve] George Q. Morris dies. (12)

-- Apr 23, 1968
[U.S. Religious History] In Dallas, the Methodist and the Evangelical United Brethren churches unified to form the United Methodist Church, creating the second largest Protestant denomination in the USA. (13)

-- Apr 23, 1985
[Mark Hofmann] Alvin Rust advances Hofmann $150,000 to purchase "McLellin Collection" in New York City. Hofmann later tells Rust that he has sold the McLellin Collection to the LDS church for $300,000. (14)

-- Apr 23, 1986
[Mark Hofmann] Hofmann reinjures his knee, falling and fracturing the kneecap. Hearing postponed until 5 May. (14)

-- Apr 23, 1987
[Mark Hofmann] At the invitation of the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Church History and the department of history, BYU, George Throckmorton discusses the Hofmann forgeries with historians and archivists at BYU for two hours. (14)

-- Apr 23, 2000
[Temple] Memphis Tennessee Temple; Location: Bartlett, Tennessee, USA; Announcement: 17 September 1998; Dedication: 23 April 2000 by James E. Faust; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design (15)

[Temple] Reno Nevada Temple; Location: Reno Nevada; Announcement: 12 April 1999; Dedication: 23 April 2000 by Thomas S. Monson; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Church Temple Department; Notes: Second temple built in Nevada, following Las Vegas Temple. (15)


1 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
2 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
3 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
4 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
5 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml
6 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
7 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
8 - Richards - Little, Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306
9 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
10 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor
11 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century_(Mormonism)
12 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)
13 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
14 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
15 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 22

-- Apr 22, 1834
Joseph returns to Kirtland. (1)

[Joseph Smith] New Portage, Ohio. Joseph Smith returned home after traveling from New Portage to Kirtland, Ohio. (2)

-- Apr 22, 1838
[Lucy Mack Smith] Sophronia Coolbrith Smith, second of Don Carlos Smith and Agnes Coolbrith Smith's three daughters, is born at Norton, Ohio. (3)

-- (Mon) Apr 22, 1839
Governor Robert Lucas of Iowa Territory writes to Rigdon saying: "I herewith enclose two letters, one addressed to the President of the United States, and one to Governor Shannon, of Ohio.... I have thought it the most prudent course to refrain from an expression of an individual opinion in the matter... I sincerely hope that you may succeed in obtaining a general investigation into the cause and extent of your sufferings..." Lucas' letter to President Martin Van Buren (dated April 22) begins: "I have the honor to introduce to your acquaintance, the bearer, Doctor Sidney Rigdon, who was for many years a citizen of the State of Ohio, and a firm supporter of the administration of the General Government...." Lucas was one of those writing letters of introduction and recommendation for Rigdon who was least inclined to praise the Mormon leader for any of his personal attributes or accomplishments. About all Lucas provided for Rigdon was an endorsement of Rigdon's support for the
current Democratic administration. (4)

Joseph Smith (and perhaps also Lyman Wight) arrive in Quincy, IL. Smith visits with Emma at the home of Judge John Cleveland 4 miles east of town and lodges there for the next several days. (4)

-- Apr 22, 1839
Joseph Smith arrives at Quincy, IL. (5)

[Joseph Smith] Quincy, Illinois. Joseph Smith arrived at Quincy after escaping from his unjust imprisonment in Missouri. (2)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph Smith returns to his family (now in Illinois) and reportedly indicates his intention for his son Joseph III to be his successor as church president. (6)

[Joseph Smith] Reunited with family, who were residing in home of John and Sarah Cleveland, Quincy, Illinois. (7)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph arrives in Illinois and is reunited with his family. (8)

[Joseph Smith] Rejoins his family in Quincy, Illinois. (9)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph and Hyrum are reunited with their families at Quincy, Ill. (10)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph, Hyrum, and the three other escapees reach Quincy, Illinois. (3)

-- Apr 22, 1842
[Taylor, John] Initiated into Masonry 22 April 1842. (11)

-- Apr 22, 1844
[Smith, William B] Returned to Nauvoo 22 April 1844. (11)

-- 18 or Apr 22, 1845
[Council of Fifty Member] Carrington, Albert (1813-1889). Admitted 18 or 22 April 1845. Reporter for Council meetings in 1848. (12)

[Council of Fifty Member] Farnham, John W. (1794). Admitted 18 or 22 April 1845. (12)

[Council of Fifty Member] Fullmer, John S. (1807-1883). Admitted 18 or 22 April 1845. Released due to old age 24 June 1882. (12)

[Council of Fifty Member] Shumway, Charles (1806-1898). Admitted 18 or 22 April 1845. Released due to old age 24 June 1882. (12)

-- Apr 22, 1856
[Snow, Erastus] Left on mission to St. Louis and East 22 April 1856. (11)

-- Apr 22, 1864
[U.S. Religious History] The motto "In God We Trust" first appeared on U.S. coins - specifically, the a bronze two-cent piece issued during the American Civil War. (13)

-- Apr 22, 1866
[Lucy Mack Smith] Brigham Young again instructs Wilford Woodruff to have George A. and Elias Smith correct Lucy's history. (3)

[Wilford Woodruff] Works on revision of Lucy Mack Smith's history (14)

-- Apr 22, 1867
[Wilford Woodruff] Departs with Brigham Young party for St. George (14)

-- Apr 22, 1898
[Apostle Rudger Clawson] Attends funeral service of son, Rudger Elmo Clawson, at residence of child's mother, Mrs. Richard Morris (born Florence Ann Dinwoodey). (15)

-- Apr 22, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:30 a.m. Present Senators Bailey, Burrows, Dubois, Foraker, Hopkins, McComas, Overman, Pettus, and Smoot, with attorneys Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. Orlando W. Powers testifies. The committee recesses from 11:55 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Powers continues. The committee adjourns at 4:10 p.m. (16)

-- Apr 22, 1980
[Mark Hofmann] The Church accepts "Anthon Transcript." (17)

-- Apr 22, 2001
[Temple] Winter Quarters Nebraska Temple; Location: Omaha, Nebraska; Announcement: 14 June 1999; Dedication: 22 April 2001 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design (18)


1 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
2 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
3 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
4 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
5 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
6 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
7 - Joseph Smith Papers: Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
8 - http://www.prophetjosephsmith.org/joseph_smith_timeline
9 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
10 - History of Joseph Smith by His Mother: Revised and Enhanced by Scot Facer Proctor Maurine Jensen Proctor
11 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
12 - Council of Fifty Members, 1844-1945, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies 20, #2 (1980)
13 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
14 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
15 - A Ministry of Meetings:The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson, Significant Mormon Diaries Series No. 6, Edited by Stan Larson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City 1993. A Rudger Clawson Chronology
16 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor
17 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
18 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 21

-- Apr 21, 1649
[U.S. Religious History] The Maryland Assembly passed the Toleration Act, providing protection to Roman Catholics against Protestant harassment and discrimination, a problem which had been on the increase due to the growing power of Oliver Cromwell in England. (1)

-- Tuesday, Apr 21, 1829
[Book of Mormon Translation] D&C 6 [from Alma 37?] (2)

-- Apr 21, 1833
[Joseph Smith] Kirtland, Ohio. Joseph Smith responded to an epistle the brethren in Missouri sent in February. (3)

-- Apr 21, 1834
Conference of elders in Norton, Medina County, Ohio. Joseph: history of obtaining and translating the Book of Mormon, the revelation of the Aaronic Priesthood, the organization of the church, the revelation of the High Priesthood, "and the gift of the Holy Spirit poured out upon the Church &c."
First mention of Aaronic, High Priesthood sequence? (4)

[Joseph Smith] Norton, Ohio. At a conference of elders at the home of Brother Carpenter, Joseph Smith spoke the famous words: Take away the Book of Mormon and the revelations, and where is our religion? We have none. (3)

[Joseph Smith] At a conference at Norton, Ohio: "Bro. Joseph Smith Jun. then delivered a short prophecy, that if Zion was not delivered [in Jackson County, Missouri] the time was near when all of this Church, wherever they might be found, would be persecuted and distroyed [sic] in like manner." At this conference, "President Smith then laid hands on certain children, and blessed them in the name of the Lord," which may have been the first time small children were blessed. Giving names and blessings to infants would become standard practice two decades later. (5)

[Joseph Smith] Attended church conference in Norton, Ohio, to raise funds and recruit volunteers for Zions Camp. (6)

[Joseph Smith] Conference of elders in Norton, Medina county, Ohio. Joseph, Sidney, Oliver, and Zebedee Coltrin raise $66.37 and a few volunteers. Minutes of April 20-21, 1834 (7)

-- Apr 21, 1839
On a nine-mile prairie past Huntsville, Missouri, "the rods were full of the Saints that were fleeing from Missouri to Illinois." (4)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Lucy receives spiritual assurance that Joseph and Hyrum will reach Quincy the next day and prophesies as much to Edward Partridge. That night she sees them in a vision, sleeping on the prairie without blankets or food. (8)

-- (Tue) Apr 21, 1840
The name of the Post Office at Commerce was changed to "Nauvoo.". (9)

-- Apr 21, 1840
[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. Pursuant to Joseph Smiths direction, the postmaster general officially changed the name of Commerce to Nauvoo. (3)

-- Apr 21, 1841
[Young, Brigham] Left England 21 April 1841. (10)

-- Apr 21, 1844
[Lucy Mack Smith] William and Wilson Law and other dissenters organize a new church with William as president but not prophet. (8)

-- Apr 21, 1847
[William Clayton] Begins writing Heber C. Kimball's diary of the pioneer trip to the Great Salt Lake. (11)

-- Apr 21, 1852
[William Clayton] Records expedition with Brigham Young to Fillmore, the territorial capital, and other southern Utah settlements. Account ends May 16,1852. (11)

-- Apr 21, 1856
Jacob Whitmer dies. (12)

-- Apr 21, 1861
[Wilford Woodruff] Word arrives of firing on Fort Sumter (13)

-- Apr 21, 1880
[Council of Fifty Member] Little, Feramorz (1820-1887). Admitted 21 April 1880. (14)

-- Apr 21, 1901 - 6 October 1901
[1st Presidency Changes] Lorenzo Snow Joseph F. Smith Death of George Q. Cannon (15)

-- Apr 21, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:30 a.m. Present Senators Beveridge, Burrows, Dubois, McComas, Overman, Pettus, and Smoot, with attorneys Carlisle, Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. Roberts is recalled, followed by Calvin Cobb. The committee recesses at 11:55 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Cobb continues. Next is Angus M. Cannon. The committee adjourns at 3:35 p.m. (16)

-- Apr 21, 1988
[Mark Hofmann] The family of Kathleen Sheets awarded nearly two million dollars in a court judgment against Mark W. Hofmann. (17)

-- Apr 21, 1997-22 July
Re-creation of pioneer trek of 1847. (18)

-- Apr 21, 2002
[Temple] Lubbock Texas Temple; Location: Lubbock, Texas, USA; Announcement: 2 April 2000; Dedication: 21 April 2002 by Gordon B. Hinckley; Style: Classic modern, single-spire design (19)


1 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
2 - http://www.eldenwatson.net/BoM.htm
3 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
4 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
5 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
6 - Joseph Smith Papers: Chronology for the Years 1832-1839
7 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/c/1834_zc.phtml
8 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
9 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
10 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
11 - George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, p.lxiii, A William Clayton Chronology
12 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
13 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
14 - Council of Fifty Members, 1844-1945, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies 20, #2 (1980)
15 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Presidency_(LDS_Church)#Chronology_of_the_First_Presidency
16 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor
17 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
18 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
19 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 20

-- Apr 20, 1825
[Oliver Cowdery] Lyman Cowdery married Eliza Alexander April 20, 1825 in Arcadia, Wayne, NY. Shortly thereafter Lyman studied law and began a legal practice a couple of years later in the same town. He was eventually elected to two terms in the NY State Legislature. (1)

-- Apr 20, 1834
[Joseph Smith] Norton, Ohio. Elder Sidney Rigdon entertained a large congregation of Saints, including Joseph Smith, with an interesting discourse on the fulness of times. (2)

-- (Fri) Apr 20, 1838
Heber C. Kimball returned from England and meets Orson and Parley Pratt in New York. [Heber C. Kimball autobiography] (3)

-- Apr 20, 1838
Heber C. Kimball returns from England, meets Orson and Parley Pratt in New York. (4)

[Hyde, Orson] Left Liverpool for United States 20 April 1838. (5)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Heber C. Kimball and Orson Hyde leave Liverpool after baptizing about 1,500 in nine months. (6)

-- (Sat) Apr 20, 1839
The last of the Mormons depart from Far West. (3)

-- Apr 20, 1841
Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Wilford Woodruff, John Taylor, Orson Pratt, Willard Richards, George A. Smith, and Levi Richards sail from England; they arrive in New York on May 20th [Brigham Young]. (3)

Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Wilford Woodruff, John Taylor, Orson Pratt, Willard Richards, George A. Smith, and Levi Richards sail back; arrive in New York 20-May [per Brigham Young]. (4)

[Taylor, John] Left Liverpool for United States 20 April 1841. (5)

[Wilford Woodruff] Sails from England (7)

-- Apr 20, 1842
[Marks, William] Initiated into Masonry 20 April 1842. (5)

-- Apr 20, 1849
[Lyman, Amasa Mason] Left 20 April 1849. (5)

-- Apr 20, 1882
[Wilford Woodruff] U.S. House of Representatives refuses to seat George Q. Cannon (7)

-- Apr 20, 1893
[Apostle Rudger Clawson] Participates in largest prayer circle ever in celestial room of Salt Lake temple. (8)

-- Apr 20, 1904
[Smoot Hearings] The committee meets at 10:30 a.m. Present Senators Bailey, Beveridge, Burrows, Depew, Dubois, Hopkins, Overman, Pettus, and Smoot, with attorneys Richards, Tayler, Van Cott, and Worthington. B. H. Roberts testifies. The committee recesses from 11:50 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Roberts continues, followed by Edward H. Barthell. The committee adjourns at 4:10 p.m. (9)

-- Apr 20, 1935
[Financial] In an interview with the First Presidency, a young stake president named Harold B. Lee is asked to develop a new church program to provide emergency assistance to needy members. On April 18 of the following year, Lee is called to preside over the Church Security Program (renamed Church Welfare Program in 1938).
Initially devised to help members who had been impoverished by the Great Depression, the Church Welfare Program is declared a permanent undertaking of the church on April 5, 1949. (10)

Harold B. Lee appointed to formulate Welfare Program. (11)

[Harold B. Lee] First Presidency assigns Harold B. Lee to work out a program of relief for the needy. (12)

[Romney, Marion George] Ordained high priest 20 April 1935. (5)

-- Apr 20, 1944
[Quorum of the Twelve] Mark E. Petersen ordained. (13)

-- Apr 20, 1958
[Temple] Hamilton New Zealand Temple; Location: Hamilton, New Zealand; Announcement: 17 February 1955; Dedication: 20 April 1958 by David O. McKay; Style: Modern contemporary, single spire (14)

-- Apr 20, 1974.
Reed Durham, president of the Mormon History Association and a teacher at the LDS Institute, University of Utah, delivers his presidential address at the annual meeting in Nauvoo, Illinois, on the significance of Masonic jewelry and emblems to Joseph Smith. "When some participants 'questioned his testimony,' he sent a letter of apology and affirmation to all participants and has not attended an MHA annual meeting since." (15)

-- Apr 20, 1986
[Mark Hofmann] LDS church announces that forty-eight documents were purchased or otherwise obtained from Hofmann. The Church paid Hofmann $57,100 for seven items; the other forty-one were acquired by donation or trade. (16)

-- Apr 20, 1987
[U.S. Religious History] In Columbus, Ohio, three smaller Lutheran groups merged to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), becoming the largest Lutheran denomination in the U.S. It was not officially incorporated, however, until the next year. (17)

-- Apr 20, 2004
[Mormon Tabernacle Choir] The choir and its Music and the Spoken Word broadcast are inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame. (18)


1 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/Cdychrn1.htm
2 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
3 - http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm
4 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
5 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
6 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
7 - Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898: Typescript Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books, Midvale, Utah. Chronology
8 - A Ministry of Meetings:The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson, Significant Mormon Diaries Series No. 6, Edited by Stan Larson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City 1993. A Rudger Clawson Chronology
9 - The Mormon Church on Trial: Transcripts of the Reed Smoot Hearings, Michael Harold Paulos, Editor
10 - http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/282148/
11 - http://www.lds.net/forums/scripture-study-forum/12108-church-chronology-1800-2000-part-1-a.html#post214550
12 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Harold B. Lee, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
13 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)
14 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples
15 - Lavina Fielding Anderson, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1
16 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
17 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
18 - http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=036eb2987ff92110VgnVCM100000176f620aRCRDvgnextchannel=9ae411154963d010VgnVCM1000004e94610aRCRD

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 19

-- Apr 19, 1831
The Painesville Telegraph publishes a letter from Martin Harris that includes the earliest published version of the Articles and Covenants of the Church of Christ. Joseph and Oliver are each "called of God and ordained an apostle of Jesus Christ, an elder of the church." (1)

-- Apr 19, 1834
At Norton, Ohio, Joseph's party prays for Joseph and bless one another. (1)

Philadelphia's Saturday Courier publishes the "tragical story of a Mormon preacher" provided "by the editor of the Independent Messenger on the authority of a gentleman from the western part of the state of New York" about townspeople who discover a hoax intended to convince them the Mormon could walk on water. They foil the plot and the Mormon drowns. The church paper reprints the article with the introductory note that "Some two or three years since, a milliard story was hatched up by (we presume) the priests, or their dupes; but we had supposed that it had either gone back to its native region to dwell with its author the father of lies, or like its first promulgator from him, sunk into disgrace to rise no more." Editor Oliver Cowdery challenges the Courier to publish the name of its source. (1)

[Joseph Smith] En route to New Portage, Ohio. Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Oliver Cowdery, and Zebedee Coltrin gave one another priesthood blessings to gain strength and wisdom for their upcoming labors. According to Coltrins account, they saw Adam and Eve in vision. (2)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph Smith authorizes first counselor Rigdon to preside over the church in his absence. (3)

-- Apr 19, 1836
[Wilford Woodruff] Called to the Second Quorum of the Seventy. (4)

-- Apr 19, 1842
[Lucy Mack Smith] Lucy attends Relief Society and is among those who give impromptu "exhortation, admonition, encouragement &c. &c." to the sisters. (5)

-- Apr 19, 1843
[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith located a site in Nauvoo for a music hall. (2)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph calls most of the Twelve on missions to the East. (5)

-- Apr 19, 1844
[Polygamy] John D. Lee polygamous marriage to Abagail Schaeffer (Woolsey) (6)

[Polygamy] John D. Lee polygamous marriage to Lousia Free (6)

[Polygamy] John D. Lee polygamous marriage to Rachel A. Woolsey (6)

-- Apr 19, 1858
Gov. Cumming and Col. Kane visited the Utah library, where they were shown the records and seal of the U. S. Court, which was said to have been destroyed. (7)

-- Apr 19, 1898
[Apostle Rudger Clawson] Death of son, Rudger Elmo Clawson. (8)

-- Fri Apr 19, 1957
[David O McKay] Brother Evans then said that he was making reservations, tourist class, for his trip to Europe to fulfill his Rotary assignment and that of the Church in Switzerland. However, I advised him to go first class--that it would be better for the Church and for the Rotary Club for him to travel in safety and comfort. (9)

-- Apr 19, 1985
[Joseph Smith] Elder Bruce R. McConkie dies. (10)

[Quorum of the Twelve] Bruce R. McConkie dies. (11)

-- Apr 19, 1986
[Mark Hofmann] Fourth examination of documents, conducted in a laboratory at Throckmorton's home. At this point 688 documents including 302 Hofmann documents have been examined. Sixty-one of these are believed to have been forged by Hofmann. (12)

-- Apr 19, 1993
[U.S. Religious History] A new ATF assault on the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas, lead to a fire which killed 72-86 people, including Davidian leader David Koresh. (13)


1 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
2 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
3 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
4 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Wilford Woodruff, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
5 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
6 - Smith, George D (Spring 1994), "Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-46: A Preliminary Demographic Report", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27
7 - Richards - Little, Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306
8 - A Ministry of Meetings:The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson, Significant Mormon Diaries Series No. 6, Edited by Stan Larson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City 1993. A Rudger Clawson Chronology
9 - David O. McKay Office Journal
10 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century_(Mormonism)
11 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)
12 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
13 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus

Today in Church History - Apr 18

-- Apr 18, 1830
Oliver baptizes Peter Whitmer Sr., Vincent Jolly, Richard Z. Peterson (Ziba Peterson), Elizabeth Anne Whitmer in Seneca Lake. (1)

-- Apr 18, 1833
[Lucy Mack Smith] About 300 old settlers in Independence plan to eject the Mormons. There had been acts of violence as early as the spring of 1832. (2)

-- 18-Apr 22, 1834
[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph Jr. attends conferences at New Portage and Norton, Ohio. (2)

-- Apr 18, 1834
Joseph leaves Kirtland with Sidney, Oliver Cowdery, and Zebedee Coltrin to attend a conference in New Portage. (1)

-- Apr 18, 1839
Brigham Young, Orson Pratt, Wilford Woodruff, John Taylor, George A. Smith, and Alpheus Cutler leave Quincy for Far West. (1)

-- Apr 18, 1841
Rev. James Murdock interviews William Smith. (3)

-- Apr 18, 1842
[Joseph Smith] Joseph Smith and brother Hyrum file for bankruptcy. (4)

[Lucy Mack Smith] Joseph and Hyrum file bankruptcy petitions, as do Sidney Rigdon, Elias Higbee, Reynolds Cahoon, John P. Greene, George Morey, Jared Carter, Hiram Kimball, and others. By December petitions have still not been approved. (2)

-- Apr 18, 1843
[Joseph Smith] Nauvoo, Illinois. On the prairie, Joseph Smith talked with three Pottawattamie tribal chiefs concerning stolen horses and cattle. (5)

-- Apr 18, 1844
[Council of Fifty Member] Coolidge, Joseph W. (1814 ). Admitted 18 April 1844. Dropped after 1848. (6)

[Council of Fifty Member] Hollister, David S. (1808-1858). Admitted 18 April 1844. Possibly dropped after 25 December 1846. (6)

[Foster, Robert D] Excommunicated 18 April 1844 for adultery and apostasy. (7)

Robert D. Foster, William Law, Wilson Law, Jane Law, and Howard Smith cut off from Church by a council meeting for unchristian-like conduct [per Joseph Smith]. (3)

Willam Law planned to shoot Joseph Smith but didn't get a chance [per affidavit of Jesse Price]. (3)

[Hancock, Levi Ward] Probable member of Council of Fifty 18 April 1844. (7)

[Joseph Smith] Joseph Smith declares that his theocratic council is now complete with its requirement of fifty members and it takes the ecclesiastical step of voting to condemn religious dissenters. Church authorities excommunicate William Law who becomes president of a "Reformed Church" three days later. (4)

[Law, William] Also opposed Prophets practice of plural marriage; finally resulted in apostasy and excommunication from the Church 18 April 1844. (7)

[Lucy Mack Smith] After a series of minor lawsuits against Joseph by the Higbees and Fosters, from 1-13 April, Robert Foster is excommunicated, along with Wilson and William Law, Jane (William's wife), and Howard Smith. (2)

[Thayer, Ezra] Member of Council of Fifty before 18 April 1844. (7)

-- Apr 18, 1844 - 27 June 1844
[1st Presidency Changes] Joseph Smith, Jr. Hyrum Smith (Assistant President) Sidney Rigdon (never ordained an apostle) John Smith (never ordained an apostle, Assistant Counselor) Amasa M. Lyman (Counselor) Apostasy of William Law (never ordained an apostle) (8)

-- Apr 18, 1845
[Anointed Quorum] Prayer cirde meeting of "Holy order" at John Smith's house; second anointing for Amasa and Mary Lyman (HCK, under date of 17 Apr.). (9)

-- Apr 18, 1848
[Brigham Young] Brigham Young, aged 46, marries Sarah Malin (1804-1858) (aged 43); first marriage; later divorced (10)

-- Apr 18, 1857
[U.S. Religious History] Clarence Darrow was born. (11)

-- Apr 18, 1859
[Black History] Thomas Coleman murders fellow-slave Shep,
Two of the shots took effect one striking and breaking the collar bone and inflicting a severe wound in his right shoulder, and the other passing through one of his hands. The villain then fled and has not yet been found." (Deseret News) Thomas Coleman and Shep had been in a long-standing feud over the "damsel", who was owned by Thomas S. Williams. (12)

-- Apr 18, 1932
[David O McKay] 2:30 p.m.--With Joseph Fielding and Stephen L. on the latter's sermon, making modifications before it is published. (13)

-- Apr 18, 1936
[Harold B. Lee] Called as managing director of the Church security plan (later changed to Church welfare program). (14)

-- Apr 18, 1980
[Mark Hofmann] Danel Bachman and Mark Hofmann visit Dean Jessee at the LDS church historical department in Salt Lake City. Jessee then begins his study of the "Anthon Transcript." (15)

-- Apr 18, 1985
[Mark Hofmann] First Presidency accepts Steven Christensen's donation of the Harris 1830 letter to Church. (15)

-- Apr 18, 1986
[Mark Hofmann] Investigators show that Hofmann used "Mike Hansen" alias and that Mike Hansen bought bomb ingredients and engraved plates used to print some documents sold by Hofmann. (15)

-- Apr 18, 2006
[Temple] Cebu Philippines (under construction) Temple; Location: Cebu City, Philippines; Announcement: 18 April 2006; Groundbreaking: 14 November 2007 by Dallin H. Oaks; Notes: Announced by letter to local priesthood leaders in April 2006. Groundbreaking and site dedication was performed by Dallin H. Oaks on 14 November 2007. (16)


1 - http://saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml
2 - Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, Edited by Lavina Fielding Anderson, 2001, Signature Books
3 - http://docs.google.com/Doc?id=dgv482t8_0d5hdn5cv
4 - D. Michael Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47"
5 - BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith
6 - Council of Fifty Members, 1844-1945, D. Michael Quinn, BYU Studies 20, #2 (1980)
7 - Lyndon W. Cook, The Revelation of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985
8 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Presidency_(LDS_Church)#Chronology_of_the_First_Presidency
9 - The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, D. Michael Quinn, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45
10 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives
11 - http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/religion/blrel_amrel_chron.htm
12 - http://www.xtimeline.com/events.aspx?q=Bif200802111550260291166
13 - David O. McKay Office Journal
14 - Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Harold B. Lee, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah
15 - BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80, The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case by David J. Whittaker
16 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_temples_of_The_Church_of_Jesus_Christ_of_Latter-day_Saints#List_of_temples

/Mormon Church History/

-- Tour through church history: http://mormon-church-history.blogspot.com
-- Current events in Mormonism: http://mormon-chronicles.blogspot.com

-Clair Barrus