The U.S. government grants the first patent to a Mormon, John M. Browning for the rifle. Two years after that invention is marketed as the Winchester Single Shot Rifle of 1885, Browning becomes a full-time missionary. Among later inventions of this "father of modern fire-arms," are the Winchester Repeating Rifle of 1886, the Winchester Lever Action Shotgun Model of 1887, the Winchester Pump-action Shotgun of 1890, the Winchester .22-caliber Single Shot Rifle of 1900, the Colt .45-caliber semiautomatic pistol (standard U.S. military side-arm since 1911), the .30-caliber machine gun used in World War I (for which Belgium knighted him). His Browning authomatic rifle (BAR) is later used in World War II.
[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]